Cave and Worship in Ancient Greece

Cave and Worship in Ancient Greece
New Approaches to Landscape and Ritual

by Stella Katsarou,Alexander Nagel

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-12-30
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 100029613X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cave and Worship in Ancient Greece brings together a series of stimulating chapters contributing to the archaeology and our modern understanding of the character and importance of cave sanctuaries in the fi rst millennium BCE Mediterranean. Written by emerging and established archaeologists and researchers, the book employs a fascinating and wide range of approaches and methodologies to investigate, and interpret material assemblages from cave shrines, many of which are introduced here for the fi rst time. An introductory section explores the emergence and growth of caves as centres of cult and religion. The chapters then probe some of the meanings attached to cave spaces and votive materials such as terracotta fi gurines, and ceramics, and those who created and used them. The authors use sensory and gender approaches, discuss the identity of the worshippers, and the contribution of statistical analysis to the role of votive materials. At the heart of the volume is the examination of cave materials excavated on the Cycladic islands and Crete, in Attika and Aitoloakarnania, on the Ionian islands and in southern Italy. This is a welcome volume for students of prehistoric and classical archaeology,enthusiasts of the history of caves, religion, ancient history, and anthropology.

Caves and Worship in Greece

Caves and Worship in Greece
New Approaches to Landscape and Ritual

by Stella Katsarou,Alexander Nagel

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9780367859169
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cave and Worship in Ancient Greece brings together a series of stimulating chapters contributing to the archaeology and our modern understanding of the character and importance of cave sanctuaries in the fi rst millennium BCE Mediterranean. Written by emerging and established archaeologists and researchers, the book employs a fascinating and wide range of approaches and methodologies to investigate, and interpret material assemblages from cave shrines, many of which are introduced here for the fi rst time. An introductory section explores the emergence and growth of caves as centres of cult and religion. The chapters then probe some of the meanings attached to cave spaces and votive materials such as terracotta fi gurines, and ceramics, and those who created and used them. The authors use sensory and gender approaches, discuss the identity of the worshippers, and the contribution of statistical analysis to the role of votive materials. At the heart of the volume is the examination of cave materials excavated on the Cycladic islands and Crete, in Attika and Aitoloakarnania, on the Ionian islands and in southern Italy. This is a welcome volume for students of prehistoric and classical archaeology, enthusiasts of the history of caves, religion, ancient history, and anthropology.

Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind

Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind
Descending Underground in the Search for Ultimate Truth

by Yulia Ustinova

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2009-02-12
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0191563420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Caves and the Ancient Greek Mind analyses techniques of searching for ultimate wisdom in ancient Greece. The Greeks perceived mental experiences of exceptional intensity as resulting from divine intervention. They believed that to share in the immortals' knowledge, one had to liberate the soul from the burden of the mortal body by attaining an altered state of consciousness, that is, by merging with a superhuman being or through possession by a deity. These states were often attained by inspired mediums, `impresarios of the gods' - prophets, poets, and sages - who descended into caves or underground chambers. Yulia Ustinova juxtaposes ancient testimonies with the results of modern neuropsychological research. This novel approach enables an examination of religious phenomena not only from the outside, but also from the inside: it penetrates the consciousness of people who were engaged in the vision quest, and demonstrates that the darkness of the caves provided conditions vital for their activities.

Ancient Greek Cults

Ancient Greek Cults
A Guide

by Jennifer Larson,Jennifer Lynn Larson

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN : 0415324483
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Incorporating recent archaeological discoveries and scholarly perspectives, Jennifer Larson explores the variety of cults celebrated by the Greeks, how these cults differed geographically, and how each deity was conceptualized in local cult titles and rituals. This volume will serve as a companion to the many introductions to Greek mythology, showing a side of the Greek gods to which most students are rarely exposed. Surveying ancient Greek religion through the cults of its gods and goddesses, heroes and heroines, Ancient Greek Cults: A Guide is detailed enough to be used as a quick reference tool or text, yet provides a readable account focusing on the oldest, most widespread, and most interesting religious practices of the ancient Greek world in the Archaic and Classical periods. Including an introductory chapter on sources and methods, and suggestions for further reading, this book will allow readers to gain a fresh perspective on Greek religion.

Among the Gods

Among the Gods
An Archaeological Exploration of Ancient Greek Religion

by John Ferguson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-12-01
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 1000369617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First published in 1989, Among the Gods uses archaeological evidence to explore ancient Greek religion. The book analyses cult-statues and inscriptions to provide a detailed discussion of gods and goddesses, the priesthood, and healing sanctuaries. In doing so, it highlights the external, formal nature of religious practice in ancient Greece, such as pilgrimages, offerings, and hallowed sites. Archaeological records are used to examine both the theory and practice of ancient Greek religion, and to provide context to a variety of Greek myths and Greek literature. Among the Gods will appeal to those with an interest in religious history, archaeological history, and Classical history.

The Routledge Companion to Ecstatic Experience in the Ancient World

The Routledge Companion to Ecstatic Experience in the Ancient World
A Book

by Diana Stein,Sarah Kielt Costello,Karen Polinger Foster

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-12-31
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1000464768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For millennia, people have universally engaged in ecstatic experience as an essential element in ritual practice, spiritual belief and cultural identification. This volume offers the first systematic investigation of its myriad roles and manifestations in the ancient Mediterranean and Near East. The twenty-nine contributors represent a broad range of scholarly disciplines, seeking answers to fundamental questions regarding the patterns and commonalities of this vital aspect of the past. How was the experience construed and by what means was it achieved? Who was involved? Where and when were rites carried out? How was it reflected in pictorial arts and written records? What was its relation to other components of the sociocultural compact? In proposing responses, the authors draw upon a wealth of original research in many fields, generating new perspectives and thought-provoking, often surprising, conclusions. With their abundant cross-cultural and cross-temporal references, the chapters mutually enrich each other and collectively deepen our understanding of ecstatic phenomena thousands of years ago. Another noteworthy feature of the book is its illustrative content, including commissioned reconstructions of ecstatic scenarios and pairings of works of Bronze Age and modern psychedelic art. Scholars, students and other readers interested in antiquity, comparative religion and the social and cognitive sciences will find much to explore in the fascinating realm of ecstatic experience in the ancient world.

Archaeology of the Ionian Sea

Archaeology of the Ionian Sea
Landscapes, seascapes and the circulation of people, goods and ideas from the Palaeolithic to end of the Bronze Age

by Christina Souyoudzoglou-Haywood,Christina Papoulia

  • Publisher : Oxbow Books
  • Release : 2022-01-31
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1789256763
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents a thematic collection of papers dealing with the Stone Age and Bronze Age archaeology of the Ionian Sea, situated off the south western Balkan peninsula. It is based on an international conference held in Athens, Greece in January 2020. The eastern Ionian occupies a geographically complex area, which since the Pleistocene has undergone significant alterations due to tectonic activity and sea-level fluctuations. This dynamic environment, where islands, mainland, and sea intertwined to present different landscapes and seascapes to the human communities exploring the region at different times in the past, provides an ideal setting for their study from a diachronic perspective. This book deals thematically with the processes of circulation of people, materials, artefacts and ideas by examining patterns of settlement, burial and multi-layered interconnections between the different communities via land and sea. It investigates aspects of regional and interregional communication, isolation, collective memory and the creation of distinct identities within and between different cultural and social groups. It focuses on the islands of the Central Ionian Sea, offering new data from excavations and surveys on Zakynthos, Kefalonia, Ithaki and the smaller islands of the Inner Ionian Archipelago between Lefkada and Akarnania. The cultural interchange between the islands and the continental coasts is reflected in the volume with the addition of chapters dealing with contemporary sites in west Greece and southeast Italy. The Ionian, often regarded as 'at the fringes' of the Aegean, the Balkan and the central Mediterranean archaeological discourse, has lately offered new and exciting data that not only enrich but also alter our perceptions of mobility, settlement and interaction. The collection of papers in this book enhances theoretical discussions by offering a geographically and culturally comparative approach, ranging from the earliest Palaeolithic evidence of human presence in the region to the end of the Bronze Age.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome
A Book

by Michael Gagarin

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 3584
  • ISBN : 0195170725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome is the clearest and most accessible guide to the world of classical antiquity ever produced. This multivolume reference work is a comprehensive overview of the major cultures of the classical Mediterranean world--Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman--from the Bronze Age to the fifth century CE. It also covers the legacy of the classical world and its interpretation and influence in subsequent centuries. The Encyclopedia brings the work of the best classical scholars, archaeologists, and historians together in an easy-to-use format. The articles, written by leading scholars in the field, seek to convey the significance of the people, places, and historical events of classical antiquity, together with its intellectual and material culture. Broad overviews of literature, history, archaeology, art, philosophy, science, and religion are complimented by articles on authors and their works, literary genres and periods, historical figures and events, archaeologists and archaeological sites, artists and artistic themes and materials, philosophers and philosophical schools, scientists and scientific areas, gods, heroes, and myths. Areas covered include: · Greek and Latin Literature · Authors and Their Works · Historical Figures and Events · Religion and Mythology · Art, Artists, Artistic Themes, and Materials · Archaeology, Philosophers, and Philosophical Schools · Science and Technology · Politics, Economics, and Society · Material Culture and Everyday Life

Popular Religion and Ritual in Prehistoric and Ancient Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean

Popular Religion and Ritual in Prehistoric and Ancient Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean
A Book

by Giorgos Vavouranakis,Konstantinos Kopanias,Chrysanthos Kanellopoulos

  • Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • Release : 2019-01-14
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 1789690463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume features a group of select peer-reviewed papers by an international group of authors, both younger and senior academics and researchers, on the frequently neglected popular cult and other ritual practices in prehistoric and ancient Greece and the eastern Mediterranean.

The Cambridge Companion to Greek Mythology

The Cambridge Companion to Greek Mythology
A Book

by Roger D. Woodard

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2007-11-12
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 1107495113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Professor Roger Woodard brings together a group of the world's most authoritative scholars of classical myth to present a thorough treatment of all aspects of Greek mythology. Sixteen original articles guide the reader through all aspects of the ancient mythic tradition and its influence around the world and in later years. The articles examine the forms and uses of myth in Greek oral and written literature, from the epic poetry of 8th century BC to the mythographic catalogues of the early centuries AD. They examine the relationship between myth, art, religion and politics among the ancient Greeks and its reception and influence on later society from the Middle Ages to present day literature, feminism and cinema. This Companion volume's comprehensive coverage makes it ideal reading for students of Greek mythology and for anyone interested in the myths of the ancient Greeks and their impact on western tradition.

Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece

Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece
A Book

by Nigel Wilson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-10-31
  • Pages : 832
  • ISBN : 1136787992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examining every aspect of the culture from antiquity to the founding of Constantinople in the early Byzantine era, this thoroughly cross-referenced and fully indexed work is written by an international group of scholars. This Encyclopedia is derived from the more broadly focused Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition, the highly praised two-volume work. Newly edited by Nigel Wilson, this single-volume reference provides a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the political, cultural, and social life of the people and to the places, ideas, periods, and events that defined ancient Greece.

Ancient Greek Cults

Ancient Greek Cults
A Guide

by Jennifer Larson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2007-05-07
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1134346182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using archaeological, epigraphic, and literary sources; and incorporating current scholarly theories, this volume will serve as an excellent companion to any introduction to Greek mythology, showing a side of the Greek gods to which most students are rarely exposed. Detailed enough to be used as a quick reference tool or text, and providing a readable account focusing on the oldest, most widespread, and most interesting religious practices of the ancient Greek world in the Archaic and Classical periods, Ancient Greek Cults surveys ancient Greek religion through the cults of its gods and goddesses, heroes and heroines. Jennifer Larson conveniently summarizes a vast amount of material in many languages, normally inaccessible to undergrad students, and explores, in detail, the variety of cults celebrated by the Greeks, how these cults differed geographically, and how each deity was conceptualized in local cult titles and rituals. Including an introductory chapter on sources and methods, and suggestions for further reading this book will allow readers to gain a fresh perspective on Greek religion.

Singular Dedications

Singular Dedications
Founders and Innovators of Private Cults in Classical Greece

by Andrea Purvis

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2004-06-01
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 1135886709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Often ignored in studies of Classical Greek religion, private cults were widespread in the Hellenistic world. Although worshippers in Classical Greece were normally involved in group and civic worship, there is evidence that they could also act outside of these constraints, expressing their piety through the financing and administration of cults they established on their own. Singular Dedications is the first comprehensive study of this phenomenon, examining three case studies that represent the diversity and complexity that characterize ancient Greek religion in the Classical period.

The Architecture of Ancient Greece

The Architecture of Ancient Greece
An Account of Its Historic Development

by William Bell Dinsmoor,William James Anderson

  • Publisher : Biblo & Tannen Publishers
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 9780819602831
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beliefs, Rituals, and Symbols of Ancient Greece and Rome

Beliefs, Rituals, and Symbols of Ancient Greece and Rome
A Book

by Dean Miller

  • Publisher : Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
  • Release : 2014-01-01
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 162712568X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Greek and Roman mythology is forever linked for a myriad of reasons. Historians believe this could be because many of the Roman deities were adopted from the Greek. However, there are many that were not shared and are proudly only Roman, or only Greek. This comprehensive atlas presents dictionary entries about the major gods, heroes, and imaginary creatures of Greek and Roman mythology, along with information on some key historical figures and philosophical schools of thought. In this impressive book, the entries unfold through a pictorial and illustrated journey. Through a robust glossary, sidebars, and thematic introductions the social studies content of this fascinating subject becomes easily digestible, even for the most reluctant reader, while the further reading section inspires future research.

Savage Energies

Savage Energies
Lessons of Myth and Ritual in Ancient Greece

by Walter Burkert,Professor Emeritus of Classics Walter Burkert

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2001-04
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN : 9780226080857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We often think of classical Greek society as a model of rationality and order. Yet as Walter Burkert demonstrates in these influential essays on the history of Greek religion, there were archaic, savage forces surging beneath the outwardly calm face of classical Greece, whose potentially violent and destructive energies, Burkert argues, were harnessed to constructive ends through the interlinked uses of myth and ritual. For example, in a much-cited essay on the Athenian religious festival of the Arrephoria, Burkert uncovers deep connections between this strange nocturnal ritual, in which two virgin girls carried sacred offerings into a cave and later returned with something given to them there, and tribal puberty initiations by linking the festival with the myth of the daughters of Kekrops. Other chapters explore the origins of tragedy in blood sacrifice; the role of myth in the ritual of the new fire on Lemnos; the ties between violence, the Athenian courts, and the annual purification of the divine image; and how failed political propaganda entered the realm of myth at the time of the Persian Wars.

Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of Ancient Greece

Exploring the Life, Myth, and Art of Ancient Greece
A Book

by Emma Stafford

  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 144884830X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents an introduction to ancient Greek civilization, discussing its history, politics, art, religion, literature, philosophy, military, gods, and heroes.

Theoretical Approaches to the Archaeology of Ancient Greece

Theoretical Approaches to the Archaeology of Ancient Greece
Manipulating Material Culture

by Lisa Nevett

  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • Release : 2017-03-06
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 0472130234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Employs a new theoretical approach toward ancient Greek material culture

The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe: 7000 to 3500 BC Myths, Legends and Cult Images

The Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe: 7000 to 3500 BC Myths, Legends and Cult Images
A Book

by Marija Gimbutas,Alseikaitė

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 9780520019959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ancient Greek Ideas on Speech, Language, and Civilization

Ancient Greek Ideas on Speech, Language, and Civilization
A Book

by Deborah Levine Gera

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9780199256167
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since antiquity language has been regarded as one characteristic representing a civilised life, marking man's ascent from savagery to humanity. This study explores ancient Greek views, assumptions and theories on the origins of language and its links with the development of speech and civilisation.