Children and Youth in a New Nation

Children and Youth in a New Nation
A Book

by James Marten

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2009-01-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780814796368
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In the early years of the Republic, as Americans tried to determine what it meant to be an American, they also wondered what it meant to be an American child. A defensive, even fearful, approach to childhood gave way to a more optimistic campaign to integrate young Americans into the Republican experiment. In Children and Youth in a New Nation, historians unearth the experiences of and attitudes about children and youth during the decades following the American Revolution. Beginning with the revolution itself, the contributors explore a broad range of topics, from the ways in which American children and youth participated in and learned from the revolt and its aftermaths, to developing notions of “ideal” childhoods as they were imagined by new religious denominations and competing ethnic groups, to the struggle by educators over how the society that came out of the Revolution could best be served by its educational systems. The volume concludes by foreshadowing future “child-saving” efforts by reformers committed to constructing adequate systems of public health and child welfare institutions. Rooted in the historical literature and primary sources, Children and Youth in a New Nation is a key resource in our understanding of origins of modern ideas about children and youth and the conflation of national purpose and ideas related to child development.

The New Nation

The New Nation
A Book

by Anita Vickers

  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9780313312649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A survey of the development of American popular culture covers the period from the end of the Revolutionary War through the Western Expansionism movement in the early 19th century.

Imaginary Citizens

Imaginary Citizens
Child Readers and the Limits of American Independence, 1640–1868

by Courtney Weikle-Mills

  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release : 2013-01-15
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1421408074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Courtney Weikle-Mills discusses such characters as Goody Two-Shoes, Ichabod Crane, and Tom Sawyer in terms of how they reflect these conflicting ideals.

War, Nation, Memory

War, Nation, Memory
International Perspectives on World War II in School History Textbooks

by Keith A. Crawford,Stuart J. Foster

  • Publisher : IAP
  • Release : 2007-12-01
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 160752659X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Second World War stands as the most devastating and destructive global conflict in human history. More than 60 nations representing 1.7 billion people or three quarters of the world’s population were consumed by its horror. Not surprisingly, therefore, World War II stands as a landmark episode in history education throughout the world and its prominent place in school history textbooks is almost guaranteed. As this book demonstrates, however, the stories that nations choose to tell their young about World War II do not represent a universally accepted “truth” about events during the war. Rather, wartime narratives contained in school textbooks typically are selected to instil in the young a sense of national pride, common identify, and shared collective memory. To understand this process War, Nation, Memory describes and evaluates school history textbooks from many nations deeply affected by World War II including China, France, Germany, Japan, USA, and the United Kingdom. It critically examines the very different and complex perspectives offered in many nations and analyses the ways in which textbooks commonly serve as instruments of socialisation and, in some cases, propaganda. Above all, War, Nation, Memory demonstrates that far from containing “neutral” knowledge, history textbooks prove fascinating cultural artefacts consciously shaped and legitimated by powerful ideological, cultural, and sociopolitical forces dominant in the present.

New Nation-States and National Minorities

New Nation-States and National Minorities

by Julian Bernauer,Daniel Bochsler,Rogers Brubaker,Magdalena Dembinska,Fulya Memisoglu,Karolina Prasad,Antoine Roger,Edina Szöcsik,Hanna Vasilevich,Doris Wydra,Christina Isabel Zuber

  • Publisher : ECPR Press
  • Release : 2014-03-03
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 1907301860
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The twentieth century saw the emergence of new states shaped on the classic nation-state model. How has this model been moulded and implemented? What have been the implications for minorities in these new nation-states? And how have minorities responded to nationalising processes? Following a discussion by Rogers Brubaker of his concept of nationalising state, contributions to this volume examine the dynamic relations between national minorities and nation-states established in the course of the last century, including Ukraine, Moldova, Turkey, Malaysia and Israel. This book’s original theoretical framework and comparative approach offer a new understanding of the complex interactions between the formulation of a state identity and the aspirations of those who do not fit in the proclaimed core nation. In light of recent developments in ‒ notably ‒ Ukraine and Israel, this book is essential reading for all those interested in the rights and protection of national minorities and, more broadly, in the debates over the definition of the polity in a tense environment.

The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World

The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World
A Book

by Paula S. Fass

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-11-30
  • Pages : 531
  • ISBN : 0415782325
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World provides an important overview of the main themes surrounding the history of childhood in the West from antiquity to the present day. By broadly incorporating the research in the field of Childhood Studies, the book explores the major advances that have taken place in the past few decades in this crucial field. The volume is composed of three parts. The first part explores childhood from the Ancient World through to the Middle Ages and Early Modern Europe. The second part examines the fundamental aspects of childhood and the life of children in the West since 1600. The essays address issues such as family, work, law, sexuality, and consumption. The chapters think beyond national and continental boundaries so that readers are informed about general trends in the West, while still alert to differences in gender, class, race, and time. The final part focuses on aspects of children's experiences in the modern world. This section explains how childhoods have developed in distinct contexts and among specific children by using the growing literature on modern childhoods in various locales and at particular historical moments. Including essays on all the key topics and issues, The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World will define how the history of children and childhood can best be understood, in the longue durée and comparatively, while still acknowledging the importance of and encouraging scholarship on specific groups, periods, places, and life course divisions. This important collection from a leading international group of scholars presents a comprehensive survey of the current state of the field. It will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of childhood.

Child Soldiers

Child Soldiers
A Reference Handbook

by David M. Rosen

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 1598845268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book exposes the role of children in war, describing where, why, and how children are deployed, the attempts made by international organizations to protect children, and the underlying political and cultural issues that make this such a thorny issue. * A chronology of major events in the efforts to limit the use of child soldiers * Biographical sketches of famous child soldiers and key figures in the effort to ban the use of child soldiers * A directory of organizations involved in the child soldier issue

John Adams: Writings from the New Nation 1784-1826 (LOA #276)

John Adams: Writings from the New Nation 1784-1826 (LOA #276)
A Book

by John Adams

  • Publisher : Library of America
  • Release : 2016-07-12
  • Pages : 905
  • ISBN : 1598535307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Gordon S. Wood presents the final volume in his definitive three-volume edition of the writings of a great American Founder. A powerful polemicist, insightful political theorist, and tireless diplomat, John Adams (1735–1826) was a vital and controversial figure during the early years of the American republic. Once overshadowed by Washington and Jefferson, Adams has become the subject of renewed interest, with a best-selling biography and acclaimed television series reintroducing him to millions. Now, this final volume of a comprehensive three-volume edition makes his important writings from the early national period broadly available to general readers. Bringing together letters, diary excerpts, political essays, speeches, and presidential messages, Writings from the New Nation 1784–1826 illuminates Adams's service as a diplomat in the Netherlands and England; his eight years as vice president under Washington; and his tumultous single term as president. The first person to win a contested presidential election and then to be defeated for reelection, Adams faced bitter criticism from both Jeffersonian Republicans and Hamiltonian Federalists while striving to prevent an undeclared naval conflict with Revolutionary France from escalating into full-scale war. Selections from A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America (1787–88) and Discourses on Davila (1790–91) demonstrate his insights into the strengths and weaknesses of ancient and modern political systems, while letters to his wife and children illuminate the passionate and mercurial personality of one of our most fascinating Founders. This volume is published simultaneously with Abigail Adams: Letters, the first comprehensive collection of the extraordinary correspondence of Adams's wife and key advisor. LIBRARY OF AMERICA is an independent nonprofit cultural organization founded in 1979 to preserve our nation’s literary heritage by publishing, and keeping permanently in print, America’s best and most significant writing. The Library of America series includes more than 300 volumes to date, authoritative editions that average 1,000 pages in length, feature cloth covers, sewn bindings, and ribbon markers, and are printed on premium acid-free paper that will last for centuries.

American Misfits and the Making of Middle-Class Respectability

American Misfits and the Making of Middle-Class Respectability
A Book

by Robert Wuthnow

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2017-08-15
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 0691176868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

How American respectability has been built by maligning those who don't make the grade How did Americans come to think of themselves as respectable members of the middle class? Was it just by earning a decent living? Or did it require something more? And if it did, what can we learn that may still apply? The quest for middle-class respectability in nineteenth-century America is usually described as a process of inculcating positive values such as honesty, hard work, independence, and cultural refinement. But clergy, educators, and community leaders also defined respectability negatively, by maligning individuals and groups—“misfits”—who deviated from accepted norms. Robert Wuthnow argues that respectability is constructed by “othering” people who do not fit into easily recognizable, socially approved categories. He demonstrates this through an in-depth examination of a wide variety of individuals and groups that became objects of derision. We meet a disabled Civil War veteran who worked as a huckster on the edges of the frontier, the wife of a lunatic who raised her family while her husband was institutionalized, an immigrant religious community accused of sedition, and a wealthy scion charged with profiteering. Unlike respected Americans who marched confidently toward worldly and heavenly success, such misfits were usually ignored in paeans about the nation. But they played an important part in the cultural work that made America, and their story is essential for understanding the “othering” that remains so much a part of American culture and politics today.

Research Handbook on Child Soldiers

Research Handbook on Child Soldiers
A Book

by Mark A. Drumbl,Jastine C. Barrett

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1788114485
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Child soldiers remain poorly understood and inadequately protected, despite significant media attention and many policy initiatives. This Research Handbook aims to redress this troubling gap. It offers a reflective, fresh and nuanced review of the complex issue of child soldiering. The Handbook brings together scholars from six continents, diverse experiences, and a broad range of disciplines. Along the way, it unpacks the life-cycle of youth and militarization: from recruitment to demobilization to return to civilian life. The overarching aim of the Handbook is to render the invisible visible – the contributions map the unmapped and chart new directions. Challenging prevailing assumptions and conceptions, the Research Handbook on Child Soldiers focuses on adversity but also capacity: emphasising the resilience, humanity, and potentiality of children affected (rather than ‘afflicted’) by armed conflict.

Child Soldiers in the Western Imagination

Child Soldiers in the Western Imagination
From Patriots to Victims

by David M Rosen

  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • Release : 2015-10-12
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0813563720
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

When we hear the term “child soldiers,” most Americans imagine innocent victims roped into bloody conflicts in distant war-torn lands like Sudan and Sierra Leone. Yet our own history is filled with examples of children involved in warfare—from adolescent prisoner of war Andrew Jackson to Civil War drummer boys—who were once viewed as symbols of national pride rather than signs of human degradation. In this daring new study, anthropologist David M. Rosen investigates why our cultural perception of the child soldier has changed so radically over the past two centuries. Child Soldiers in the Western Imagination reveals how Western conceptions of childhood as a uniquely vulnerable and innocent state are a relatively recent invention. Furthermore, Rosen offers an illuminating history of how human rights organizations drew upon these sentiments to create the very term “child soldier,” which they presented as the embodiment of war’s human cost. Filled with shocking historical accounts and facts—and revealing the reasons why one cannot spell “infantry” without “infant”—Child Soldiers in the Western Imagination seeks to shake us out of our pervasive historical amnesia. It challenges us to stop looking at child soldiers through a biased set of idealized assumptions about childhood, so that we can better address the realities of adolescents and pre-adolescents in combat. Presenting informative facts while examining fictional representations of the child soldier in popular culture, this book is both eye-opening and thought-provoking.

Age in America

Age in America
The Colonial Era to the Present

by Corinne T. Field,Nicholas L. Syrett

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2015-05-22
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1479806838
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Eighteen. Twenty-one. Sixty-five. In America today, we recognize these numbers as key transitions in our lives—precise moments when our rights and opportunities change—when we become eligible to cast a vote, buy a drink, or enroll in Medicare. This volume brings together scholars of childhood, adulthood, and old age to explore how and why particular ages have come to define the rights and obligations of American citizens. Since the founding of the nation, Americans have relied on chronological age to determine matters as diverse as who can marry, work, be enslaved, drive a car, or qualify for a pension. Contributors to this volume explore what meanings people in the past ascribed to specific ages and whether or not earlier Americans believed the same things about particular ages as we do. The means by which Americans imposed chronological boundaries upon the variable process of growing up and growing old offers a paradigmatic example of how people construct cultural meaning and social hierarchy from embodied experience. Further, chronological age always intersects with other socially constructed categories such as gender, race, and sexuality. Ranging from the seventeenth century to the present, taking up a variety of distinct subcultures—from frontier children and antebellum slaves to twentieth-century Latinas—Age in America makes a powerful case that age has always been a key index of citizenship.

American Child Bride

American Child Bride
A History of Minors and Marriage in the United States

by Nicholas L. Syrett

  • Publisher : UNC Press Books
  • Release : 2016-09-02
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1469629542
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Most in the United States likely associate the concept of the child bride with the mores and practices of the distant past. But Nicholas L. Syrett challenges this assumption in his sweeping and sometimes shocking history of youthful marriage in America. Focusing on young women and girls--the most common underage spouses--Syrett tracks the marital history of American minors from the colonial period to the present, chronicling the debates and moral panics related to these unions. Although the frequency of child marriages has declined since the early twentieth century, Syrett reveals that the practice was historically far more widespread in the United States than is commonly thought. It also continues to this day: current estimates indicate that 9 percent of living American women were married before turning eighteen. By examining the legal and social forces that have worked to curtail early marriage in America--including the efforts of women's rights activists, advocates for children's rights, and social workers--Syrett sheds new light on the American public's perceptions of young people marrying and the ways that individuals and communities challenged the complex legalities and cultural norms brought to the fore when underage citizens, by choice or coercion, became husband and wife.

The End of American Childhood

The End of American Childhood
A History of Parenting from Life on the Frontier to the Managed Child

by Paula S. Fass

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2016-05-03
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1400880432
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

How American childhood and parenting have changed from the nation's founding to the present The End of American Childhood takes a sweeping look at the history of American childhood and parenting, from the nation's founding to the present day. Renowned historian Paula Fass shows how, since the beginning of the American republic, independence, self-definition, and individual success have informed Americans' attitudes toward children. But as parents today hover over every detail of their children's lives, are the qualities that once made American childhood special still desired or possible? Placing the experiences of children and parents against the backdrop of social, political, and cultural shifts, Fass challenges Americans to reconnect with the beliefs that set the American understanding of childhood apart from the rest of the world. Fass examines how freer relationships between American children and parents transformed the national culture, altered generational relationships among immigrants, helped create a new science of child development, and promoted a revolution in modern schooling. She looks at the childhoods of icons including Margaret Mead and Ulysses S. Grant—who, as an eleven-year-old, was in charge of his father's fields and explored his rural Ohio countryside. Fass also features less well-known children like ten-year-old Rose Cohen, who worked in the drudgery of nineteenth-century factories. Bringing readers into the present, Fass argues that current American conditions and policies have made adolescence socially irrelevant and altered children's road to maturity, while parental oversight threatens children's competence and initiative. Showing how American parenting has been firmly linked to historical changes, The End of American Childhood considers what implications this might hold for the nation's future.

Official Reports of the Supreme Court

Official Reports of the Supreme Court
A Book

by United States. Supreme Court

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

United States Reports

United States Reports
Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court at ... and Rules Announced at

by United States. Supreme Court

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Social History of the American Family

The Social History of the American Family
An Encyclopedia

by Marilyn J. Coleman,Lawrence H. Ganong

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release : 2014-09-02
  • Pages : 2144
  • ISBN : 1483370429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The American family has come a long way from the days of the idealized family portrayed in iconic television shows of the 1950s and 1960s. The four volumes of The Social History of the American Family explore the vital role of the family as the fundamental social unit across the span of American history. Experiences of family life shape so much of an individual’s development and identity, yet the patterns of family structure, family life, and family transition vary across time, space, and socioeconomic contexts. Both the definition of who or what counts as family and representations of the “ideal” family have changed over time to reflect changing mores, changing living standards and lifestyles, and increased levels of social heterogeneity. Available in both digital and print formats, this carefully balanced academic work chronicles the social, cultural, economic, and political aspects of American families from the colonial period to the present. Key themes include families and culture (including mass media), families and religion, families and the economy, families and social issues, families and social stratification and conflict, family structures (including marriage and divorce, gender roles, parenting and children, and mixed and non-modal family forms), and family law and policy. Features: Approximately 600 articles, richly illustrated with historical photographs and color photos in the digital edition, provide historical context for students. A collection of primary source documents demonstrate themes across time. The signed articles, with cross references and Further Readings, are accompanied by a Reader’s Guide, Chronology of American Families, Resource Guide, Glossary, and thorough index. The Social History of the American Family is an ideal reference for students and researchers who want to explore political and social debates about the importance of the family and its evolving constructions.

The World of the American Revolution: A Daily Life Encyclopedia [2 volumes]

The World of the American Revolution: A Daily Life Encyclopedia [2 volumes]
A Daily Life Encyclopedia

by Merril D. Smith

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2015-08-28
  • Pages : 970
  • ISBN : 1440830282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This two-volume set brings to life the daily thoughts and routines of men and women—rich and poor, of various cultures, religions, races, and beliefs—during a time of great political, social, economic, and legal turmoil. What was life really like for ordinary people during the American Revolution? What did they eat, wear, believe in, and think about? What did they do for fun? This encyclopedia explores the lives of men, women, and children—of European, Native American, and African descent—through the window of social, cultural, and material history. The two-volume set spans the period from 1774 to 1800, drawing on the most current research to illuminate people's emotional lives, interactions, opinions, views, beliefs, and intimate relationships, as well as connections between the individual and the greater world. The encyclopedia features more than 200 entries divided into topical sections, each dealing with a different aspect of cultural life—for example, Arts, Food and Drink, and Politics and Warfare. Each section opens with an introductory essay, followed by A–Z entries on various aspects of the subject area. Sidebars and primary documents enhance the learning experience. Targeting high school and college students, the title supports the American history core curriculum and the current emphasis on social history. Most importantly, its focus on the realities of daily life, rather than on dates and battles, will help students identify with and learn about this formative period of American history. • Provides summaries of what people ate, wore, and read and also includes topics such as apprenticeships, camp life and military training • Covers ordinary routines of daily life, such as cleanliness, use of privies, and menstruation • Starts each thematic section with a brief introduction • Includes primary documents that bring the past to life and are an important resource for students • Offers further reading suggestions after each entry as well as a bibliography of print books, online sources, and relevant films

Homespun Gospel

Homespun Gospel
The Triumph of Sentimentality in Contemporary American Evangelicalism

by Todd M. Brenneman

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-01
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 0199988986
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Through an examination of the literary works of popular ministers Max Lucado, Rick Warren, and Joel Osteen, Todd M. Brenneman offers insight into a previously unexplored aspect of American evangelical identity: sentimentality.

The Charleston Orphan House

The Charleston Orphan House
Children's Lives in the First Public Orphanage in America

by John E. Murray

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2013-02-11
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0226924106
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The first public orphanage in America, the Charleston Orphan House saw to the welfare and education of thousands of children from poor white families in the urban South. From wealthy benefactors to the families who sought its assistance to the artisans and merchants who relied on its charges as apprentices, the Orphan House was a critical component of the city’s social fabric. By bringing together white citizens from all levels of society, it also played a powerful political role in maintaining the prevailing social order. John E. Murray tells the story of the Charleston Orphan House for the first time through the words of those who lived there or had family members who did. Through their letters and petitions, the book follows the families from the events and decisions that led them to the Charleston Orphan House through the children’s time spent there to, in a few cases, their later adult lives. What these accounts reveal are families struggling to maintain ties after catastrophic loss and to preserve bonds with children who no longer lived under their roofs. An intimate glimpse into the lives of the white poor in early American history, The Charleston Orphan House is moreover an illuminating look at social welfare provision in the antebellum South.