Children of the Katyn Massacre

Children of the Katyn Massacre
Accounts of Life After the 1940 Soviet Murder of Polish POWs

by Teresa Kaczorowska

  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release : 2015-08-13
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0786483768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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World War II was—and remains—one of the bloodiest wars in history. Not only did millions of soldiers die in combat but millions of civilians lost their lives—some for no greater crime than their religious heritage or their nationality. The Soviets, at first allied with the Germans, incarcerated thousands of Polish military officers and reservists in the pre-established Soviet camps of Ostashkov, Starobelsk and Kozelsk. On March 5, 1940, Joseph Stalin and his lieutenants signed an execution order for 25,700 Polish prisoners of war. After months of hardship and interrogation, 14,700 prisoners from these camps were taken to remote areas, murdered with a shot to the back of the head and buried in mass graves. Later, when Germany turned its sights on the Soviet Union, the USSR allied itself with the West. With the discovery of the first of the mass burials by the Germans in the Katyn Forest (the area from which the entire massacre gets its name), the Soviets attempted to place the blame for the atrocities on the Germans in spite of a plethora of evidence to the contrary. Only in 1990, with the fall of communism, did President Mikhail Gorbachev admit Soviet responsibility for the Katyn murders. Compiled from a series of interviews, this emotionally moving account records the stories and fates of 18 men and women, 16 of whom lost their fathers in the Katyn massacre. The author traveled to Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, Canada and the United States to talk extensively with the 18, recording their thoughts, feelings, memories and experiences of the hardships during and after the war. Photographs and maps are included.

Katyn: State-Sponsored Extermination

Katyn: State-Sponsored Extermination
Collection of Essays

by M.B. Szonert

  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Release : 2012-08-20
  • Pages : 62
  • ISBN : 1477155805
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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KATYN: State-Sponsored Extermination is an insightful collection of essays and captivating historical photographs surrounding the mass murder of Polish officers and mass deportations of their families by the Soviet Union, a criminal act of historic proportions and enduring political implications. In March 1940 Joseph Stalin decided to exterminate 25,700 best sons of Poland based on the cold calculation that "death of one person amounts to a tragedy but death of millions amounts to mere statistics." We, the people, have the moral obligation to assure that the rational on which Joseph Stalin based his genocidal decision is wrong. This collection of essays is an attempt to draw public attention to the fact that the Katyn Crime has not been fully disclosed, adequately adjudicated, and properly condemned to this day. Accordingly, families of those who perished in the Katyn hecatomb are yet to find peace since the moral calculus that brings about closure has not been worked out with respect to the Katyn Crime.

Narrating Trauma

Narrating Trauma
On the Impact of Collective Suffering

by Ronald Eyerman,Jeffrey C. Alexander,Elizabeth Butler Breese

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-10-23
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1317255682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Through case studies that examine historical and contemporary crises across the world, the contributing writers to this volume explore the cultural and social construction of trauma. How do some events get coded as traumatic and others which seem equally painful and dramatic not? Why do culpable groups often escape being categorised as perpetrators? These are just some of the important questions answered in this collection. Some of the cases analysed include Mao's China, the Holocaust, the Katyn Massacre and the Kosovo trauma. Expanding the pioneering cultural approach to trauma, this book will be of interest to scholars and postgraduate students of sociology.

Children of Monsters

Children of Monsters
An Inquiry into the Sons and Daughters of Dictators

by Jay Nordlinger

  • Publisher : Encounter Books
  • Release : 2017-01-10
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1594039003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What’s it like to be the son or daughter of a dictator? A monster on the Stalin level? What’s it like to bear a name synonymous with oppression, terror, and evil? Jay Nordlinger set out to answer that question, and does so in this book. He surveys 20 dictators in all. They are the worst of the worst: Stalin, Mao, Idi Amin, Pol Pot, Saddam Hussein, and so on. The book is not about them, really, though of course they figure in it. It’s about their children. Some of them are absolute loyalists. They admire, revere, or worship their father. Some of them actually succeed their father as dictator—as in North Korea, Syria, and Haiti. Some of them have doubts. A couple of them become full-blown dissenters, even defectors. A few of the daughters have the experience of having their husband killed by their father. Most of these children are rocked by war, prison, exile, or other upheaval. Obviously, the children have things in common. But they are also individuals, making of life what they can. The main thing they have in common is this: They have been dealt a very, very unusual hand. What would you do, if you were the offspring of an infamous dictator, who lords it over your country? An early reader of this book said, “There’s an opera on every page”: a drama, a tragedy (or even a comedy). Another reader said he had read the chapter on Bokassa “with my eyes on stalks.” Meet these characters for yourself. Marvel, shudder, and ponder.

Thinking About War and Peace: Past, Present, and Future

Thinking About War and Peace: Past, Present, and Future
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2020-04-28
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN : 1848880847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The papers contained in this volume provide a snapshot of the contributions made to the 8th Global Conference on War and Peace which took place in Warsaw, Poland from 22nd to 24th May 2011

The Katyn Massacre 1940

The Katyn Massacre 1940
History of a Crime

by Thomas Urban

  • Publisher : Pen and Sword Military
  • Release : 2022-07-31
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1526775387
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the spring of 1940, Stalin‘s NKVD executed 22,000 Polish officers, ensigns and state officials near the Russian village of Katyn and other places. When Wehrmacht soldiers discovered some of the graves three years later, the Soviets succeeded in convincing US President Roosevelt of the German perpetration. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had no clear picture of the crime, and therefore made no public comments. Using thousands of recently released US documents, this book refutes the popular thesis that the Western Allies deliberately lied about the Katyn case in order not to endanger the alliance with Stalin. As well as consulting Polish and Russian documentation on this war crime, for the first time, the diaries of the Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels, who wrote a great deal about Katyn, have been examined. Completely new for research is the role that Hitler's opponents in the Wehrmacht played in solving the crime: at the Nuremberg trial they convinced the US delegation that the executors were not from the SS, but from the NKVD. Nevertheless, it took until 1990 for Kremlin chief Gorbachev to admit Soviet responsibility. Today in Putin's Russia, however, there is a tendency once more to keep quiet about the crime or even to blame the Germans.

The Polish Experience through World War II

The Polish Experience through World War II
A Better Day Has Not Come

by Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 0739178202
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Polish Experience through World War II explores Polish history through the lives of people touched by the war. The touching and terrible experiences of these people are laid bare by straightforward, first-hand accounts, including not only the hardships of deportation and concentration and refugee camps, but also the price paid by the officers killed or taken as prisoners during WWII and the families they left behind. Ziolkowska-Boehm reveals the difficulties of these women and children when, having lost their husbands and fathers, their travails take them through Siberia, Persia, India, and then Africa, New Zealand, or Mexico.

The Politics of Hiding, Invisibility, and Silence

The Politics of Hiding, Invisibility, and Silence
Between Absence and Presence

by Rhys Dafydd Jones,James Robinson,Jennifer Turner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-17
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 1317568907
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What is absence? What is presence? How are these two phenomena related? Is absence merely not being present? This book examines these and other questions relating to the role of absence and presence in everyday politics. Absence and presence are used as political tools in global events and everyday life to reinforce ideas about space, society, and belonging. Between Absence and Presence contains six empirically-focussed chapters introducing case study locations and contexts from around the world. These studies examine how particular groups’ relationships with places and spaces are characterized by experiences that are neither wholly present nor wholly absent. Each author demonstrates the variety of ways in which absence and presence are experienced – through silence, forgetting, concealment, distance, and the virtual – and constituted – through visual, aural, and technological. Such accounts also raise philosophical questions about representation and belonging: what must remain absent, and what is allowed to be present? Who decides, and how? Whose voices are heard? Recognizing the complexity of these questions, Between Absence and Presence provides a significant contribution in reconciling theorizations of absence with everyday life. This book was published a sa special issue of Space and Polity.

Populism in the Civil Sphere

Populism in the Civil Sphere
A Book

by Jeffrey C. Alexander,Peter Kivisto,Giuseppe Sciortino

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-12-07
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 1509544852
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Even as the specter of populism haunts contemporary societies, scholars have not been able to agree about what it is. Except for one thing: a deviation from democracy, the source, it seems, of the precarious position in which so many societies find themselves today. This volume aims to break the Gordian knot of “populism” by bringing a new social theory to bear and, in so doing so, suggesting that normative judgments about this misunderstood phenomenon need to be reconsidered as well. Populism is not a democratic deviation but a naturally occurring dimension of civil sphere dynamics, fatal to democracy only at the extremes. Because populism is highly polarizing, it has the effect of inducing anxiety that civil solidarity is breaking apart. Left populists feel as if civil solidarity is an illusion, that democratic discourse is a fig leaf for private interests, and that the social and cultural differentiation that vouchsafes the independence of the civil sphere merely reflects the hegemony of narrow professional interests or those of a ruling class. Right populists share the same distrust, even repulsion, for the civil sphere. What seems civil to the center and left, like affirmative action or open immigration, they call out as particularistic; honored civil icons, such as Holocaust memorials, they trash. How can the sense of a vital civil center survive such censure from populism on the left and the right? Populism in the Civil Sphere provides compelling answers to these fundamental questions. Its contributions are both sophisticated theoretical interventions and deeply researched empirical studies, and it will be of great interest to anyone concerned about the most important political developments of our time.

My Father's Memoirs

My Father's Memoirs
A Book

by Christina Zagaja

  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Release : 2020-06-25
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 1728363500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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These poems are a firsthand account of the events, thoughts and feelings experienced on Polish soil during the conflict of World War II by Mr. Walter Zagaja, who passed away March 17, 1996. They were translated into English from a diary he kept. Mr. Zagaja was an active member of the Royal Canadian Legion, Polish Branch No. 412 and the Polish Army Veterans Association S.W.A.P. No. 172.

Lydia's Child

Lydia's Child
A Book

by Kirychenko Valentine

  • Publisher : Strategic Book Publishing
  • Release : 2011-10-01
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 1618971212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the amazing true story of the struggle and survival of the author's family, caught up in the upheavals of World War I, the Russian revolution, Communist rule, and World War II.Valentine Kirychenko's mother, Lydia, and Lydia's family were sent to Siberia at the start of WWI. While returning home after the war ended, eight-year-old Lydia and her two sisters become separated from their mother, Louiza. The girls grow up in the chaos of the Stalin regime, facing oppression, starvation, with death always threatening. During WWII, Lydia and her husband, Ivan, struggle to protect the family during the German occupation. Lydia finally finds her mother and they became reunited. But then the family is taken to Germany to work as slave labor in the munitions factories, enduring unrelenting bombing raids until the factory is destroyed. They manage to find jobs in a village, finally safe until the war's end. After four years in a refugee camp post-war, Ivan moves his loved ones to Australia, beginning a new life far from war-ravaged Europe. Here they grow and prosper in a safe and happy environment. Even when ordinary people are buffeted by forces beyond their control, they can do extraordinary things.

The Final Flight: The Crash of Polish Air Force 101 and the Death of a President

The Final Flight: The Crash of Polish Air Force 101 and the Death of a President
A Book

by Linda M. Boris

  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Release : 2016-09-27
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1483456625
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On April 10, 2010, Polish Air Force 101 (roughly equivalent to the U.S. government Air Force One) carrying the Polish President, first lady, and 94 other high level government officials, clergy, military, representatives of Katyn Families, and other important individuals in Poland’s business and culture crashed in a fog outside of Smolensk, Russia. The plane was on its way to a ceremony to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Katyn Massacre. There were no survivors. This book describes what happened and why. It points out the complex nature of such tragic plane crashes often due to human factors. More importantly, it tells the story from the perspective of the people involved and the terrible loss to the country which resulted from this historical and tragic event.

Inhuman Land

Inhuman Land
Searching for the Truth in Soviet Russia, 1941-1942

by Jozef Czapski

  • Publisher : New York Review of Books
  • Release : 2018-12-18
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1681372576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A classic work of reportage about the Katyń Massacre during World War II by a soldier who narrowly escaped the atrocity himself. In 1941, when Germany turned against the USSR, tens of thousands of Poles—men, women, and children who were starving, sickly, and impoverished—were released from Soviet prison camps and allowed to join the Polish Army being formed in the south of Russia. One of the survivors who made the difficult winter journey was the painter and reserve officer Józef Czapski. General Anders, the army’s commander in chief, assigned Czapski the task of receiving the Poles arriving for military training; gathering accounts of what their fates had been; organizing education, culture, and news for the soldiers; and, most important, investigating the disappearance of thousands of missing Polish officers. Blocked at every level by the Soviet authorities, Czapski was unaware that in April 1940 many officers had been shot dead in Katyn forest, a crime for which Soviet Russia never accepted responsibility. Czapski’s account of the years following his release from the camp and the formation of the Polish Army, and its arduous trek through Central Asia and the Middle East to fight on the Italian front offers a stark depiction of Stalin’s Russia at war and of the suffering, stoicism, and bravery of his fellow Poles. A work of clear observation and deep compassion, Inhuman Land is one of the twentieth century’s indispensable acts of literary witness.

Congressional Record

Congressional Record
Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

by United States. Congress

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1965
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

The Forgotten German Genocide

The Forgotten German Genocide
Revenge Cleansing in Eastern Europe, 1945–50

by Peter C Brown

  • Publisher : Pen and Sword History
  • Release : 2021-07-31
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1526773759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Potsdam Conference (officially known as the "Berlin Conference"), was held from 17 July to 2 August 1945 at Cecilienhof Palace, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm, in Brandenburg, and saw the leaders of the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United States, gathered together to decide how to demilitarize, denazify, decentralize, and administer Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender on 8 May (VE Day). They determined that the remaining German populations in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary - both the ethnic (Sudeten) and the more recent arrivals (as part of the long-term plan for the domination of Eastern Europe) - should to be transferred to Germany, but despite an undertaking that these would be effected in an orderly and humane manner, the expulsions were carried out in a ruthless and often brutal manner. Land was seized with farms and houses expropriated; the occupants placed into camps prior to mass expulsion from the country. Many of these were labor camps already occupied by Jews who had survived the concentration camps, where they were equally unwelcome. Further cleansing was carried out in Romania and Yugoslavia, and by 1950, an estimated 11.5 million German people had been removed from Eastern Europe with up to three million dead. The number of ethnic Germans killed during the ‘cleansing’ period is suggested at 500,000, but in 1958, Statistisches Bundesamt (the Federal Statistical Office of Germany) published a report which gave the figure of 1.6 million relating to expulsion-related population losses in Poland alone. Further investigation may in due course provide a more accurate figure to avoid the accusation of sensationalism.

Alphabet of Solidarity

Alphabet of Solidarity
A Book

by Barbara Fedyszak-Radziejowska,Andrzej Horubała,Paweł Janowski,Jan Pietrzak,Piotr Semka,Barbara Sułek-Kowalska,Wojciech Tomczyk,Mateusz Wyrwich,Joanna Lewandowska

  • Publisher : Instytut Dziedzictwa Solidarności
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 8395726996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Alphabet of Solidarity” is primarily addressed to young readers who do not remember those events and usually know little about the history of Solidarity We want to explain to them why we – witnesses of that time – insist that this history is still alive, that it is so very important not only for us, but also for young Poles Because, surely, the history of Solidarity is fascinating and inspiring today too It contains a positive narrative about Poland and Poles Each generation gradually grows to respect its ancestors Because, without knowing who preceded us in the generational relay, we cannot understand ourselves Even if, as is the right of youth, we are ridiculing tradition, demonstrating that it means nothing to us – there comes a time when we find ourselves lacking this knowledge And we need it like we need oxygen The history of Solidarity not only inspires, but also enables us to respect our ancestors and our nation It lets us believe in the sense of fighting for an independent state, in the sense of patriotism, civil courage, altruism, love of our fellow man and the clearly understood pluralism and tolerance Such heritage is included in the tradition of Solidarity In order to talk about this, we selected a form that is easier to take in than a scientific book, with hope that it will also be read by those who usually stay away from scientific works Hence, the idea of the “Alphabet of Solidarity” format with short encyclopaedic entries The book contains an alphabetical collection of names, concepts, slogans, and surnames, which constitute a specific, synthetic guide through the history of the Solidarity Carnival of 1980–1981 The texts are not scientific Rather, they are testimonies of the authors, who, usually as an op-ed, describe the phenomena of the freedom revolution employing a variety of styles and conventions The authors who accepted our invitation to participate in this project are a varied and pluralistic group, just like Solidarity However, what they all have in common is the belief that we are all both debtors and heirs of Solidarity, and that it is a story worth telling The purpose of the “Alphabet of Solidarity” is to showcase the brighter side of our history, which still inspires people with the positive energy of that time, because… “There is no freedom without Solidarity” Krzysztof Nowak

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings
A Book

by Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Subject Cataloging Division,Library of Congress. Office for Subject Cataloging Policy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Post-traumatic Theatre of Grotowski and Kantor

The Post-traumatic Theatre of Grotowski and Kantor
History and Holocaust in ‘Akropolis’ and ‘Dead Class’

by Magda Romanska

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2014-10-01
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 1783083212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite its international influence, Polish theatre remains a mystery to many Westerners. This volume attempts to fill in current gaps in English-language scholarship by offering a historical and critical analysis of two of the most influential works of Polish theatre: Jerzy Grotowski’s ‘Akropolis’ and Tadeusz Kantor’s ‘Dead Class’. By examining each director’s representation of Auschwitz, this study provides a new understanding of how translating national trauma through the prism of performance can alter and deflect the meaning and reception of theatrical works, both inside and outside of their cultural and historical contexts.

Bulgarian historical review

Bulgarian historical review
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Undying Flame

The Undying Flame
Olympians Who Perished in the Second World War

by Nigel McCrery

  • Publisher : Pen and Sword Military
  • Release : 2021-10-31
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1526740656
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over 60,000,000 people died worldwide during the course of the Second World War and, in contrast to those slaughtered in The Great War, it was civilian populations that bore the brunt. They perished in the Holocaust, in internment camps, in bombed towns and cities and as ‘collateral damage’, in war zones, such as the Eastern Front and in Asia. Among this carnage were hundred of individuals of all nations who had competed in Olympic Games. Imagine the loss of so many of the world’s greatest sportsmen and women of the present era. The author has painstakingly researched the lives, achievements and circumstances of death of almost five hundred athletes of the period. While many were household names at the time, this exceptional work honors these fallen Olympians and reminds us of the futility and wastefulness of war.