Crisis of Islamic Civilization

Crisis of Islamic Civilization
A Book

by Ali A. Allawi

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2009-04-28
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0300158858
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Islam as a religion is central to the lives of over a billion people, but its outer expression as a distinctive civilization has been undergoing a monumental crisis. Buffeted by powerful adverse currents, Islamic civilization today is a shadow of its former self. The most disturbing and possibly fatal of these currents--the imperial expansion of the West into Muslim lands and the blast of modernity that accompanied it--are now compounded by a third giant wave, globalization. These forces have increasingly tested Islam and Islamic civilization for validity, adaptability, and the ability to hold on to the loyalty of Muslims, says Ali A. Allawi in his provocative new book. While the faith has proved resilient in the face of these challenges, other aspects of Islamic civilization have atrophied or died, Allawi contends, and Islamic civilization is now undergoing its last crisis. The book explores how Islamic civilization began to unravel under colonial rule, as its institutions, laws, and economies were often replaced by inadequate modern equivalents. Allawi also examines the backlash expressed through the increasing religiosity of Muslim societies and the spectacular rise of political Islam and its terrorist offshoots. Assessing the status of each of the building blocks of Islamic civilization, the author concludes that Islamic civilization cannot survive without the vital spirituality that underpinned it in the past. He identifies a key set of principles for moving forward, principles that will surprise some and anger others, yet clearly must be considered.

The Crisis of Islam

The Crisis of Islam
Holy War and Unholy Terror

by Bernard Lewis

  • Publisher : Random House Incorporated
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0812967852
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Traces the history of conflict between Islam and the West, exploring the meaning of the Islamic doctrine of jihad, the rise of militant Islam, and the impact of Saudi proselytizing and oil money on the rest of the Islamic world.

Islamic Civilization in South Asia

Islamic Civilization in South Asia
A History of Muslim Power and Presence in the Indian Subcontinent

by Burjor Avari

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN : 0415580617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Muslims have been present in South Asia for 14 centuries. Nearly 40% of the people of this vast land mass follow the religion of Islam, and Muslim contribution to the cultural heritage of the sub-continent has been extensive. This textbook provides both undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the general reader, with a comprehensive account of the history of Islam in India, encompassing political, socio-economic, cultural and intellectual aspects. Using a chronological framework, the book discusses the main events in each period between c. 600 CE and the present day, along with the key social and cultural themes. It discusses a range of topics, including: How power was secured, and how was it exercised The crisis of confidence caused by the arrival of the West in the sub-continent How the Indo-Islamic synthesis in various facets of life and culture came about Excerpts at the end of each chapter allow for further discussion, and detailed maps alongside the text help visualise the changes through each time period. Introducing the reader to the issues concerning the Islamic past of South Asia, the book is a useful text for students and scholars of South Asian History and Religious Studies.

The Crisis of Kingship in Late Medieval Islam

The Crisis of Kingship in Late Medieval Islam
A Book

by Christopher Markiewicz

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-08-31
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1108492142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the early sixteenth century, the political landscape of West Asia was completely transformed: of the previous four major powers, only one - the Ottoman Empire - continued to exist. Ottoman survival was, in part, predicated on transition to a new mode of kingship, enabling its transformation from regional dynastic sultanate to empire of global stature. In this book, Christopher Markiewicz uses as a departure point the life and thought of Idris Bidlisi (1457-1520), one of the most dynamic scholars and statesmen of the period. Through this examination, he highlights the series of ideological and administrative crises in the fifteenth-century sultanates of Islamic lands that gave rise to this new conception of kingship and became the basis for sovereign authority not only within the Ottoman Empire but also across other Muslim empires in the early modern period.

Crisis in the Muslim Mind

Crisis in the Muslim Mind

by AbdulHamid AbuSulayman

  • Publisher : International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
  • Release : 2004-01-01
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Across the Muslim world today, if anything is self-evident across the Muslim world today it is that the Ummah is badly in need of reform. On this point it can be stated with confidence that Muslims are agreed. Poverty and injustice characterize the face of Muslim lands from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Pollution and corruption are the order of the day in the societies where the gulf between them and the developed countries of the world has never been wider. Politics in the Muslim world are all too often the politics of deprivation, and culture the culture of despair. “Crisis in the Muslim Mind” examines the intellectual and historical roots of the malaise that has encompassed the Ummah and threatens to efface its identity. Firs published in Arabic in 1991, this important work (in an abridged English translation) is designed to familiarize educated and concerned Muslims with the nature of the crisis confronting them, and to suggest the steps necessary to overcome it.

Islam and the Secular State

Islam and the Secular State
A Book

by Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im Na,ʻAbd Allāh Aḥmad Naʻīm

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2009-06-30
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0674261445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What should be the place of Shari'a - Islamic religious law - in predominantly Muslim societies of the world? In this book, a Muslim scholar and human rights activist envisions a positive and sustainable role for Shari'a, based on a profound rethinking of the relationship between religion and the secular state in all societies.

The Case for Islamo-Christian Civilization

The Case for Islamo-Christian Civilization
A Book

by Richard W. Bulliet

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2006-03-22
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 0231127979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 'clash of civilisations' so often talked about in connection with relations between the West and Arab nations is, argues Richard Bulliet, no more than dangerous sophistry based on misconceptions in American government. He sets out the common ground between Islam and Christianity.

From Postmodernism to Postsecularism

From Postmodernism to Postsecularism
Re-emerging Islamic Civilization

by Eric Walberg

  • Publisher : SCB Distributors
  • Release : 2013-07-31
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0986036242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Eric Walberg's new book From Postmodernism to Postsecularism: Re-emerging Islamic Civilization provides an overview of imperialism and colonialism in the Muslim world. It elaborates on the third of the Great Games addressed in his earlier work, Postmodern Imperialism, which traced the movement of history from the colonialism of the British and other empires, through the neocolonialism of the US empire, to the current Great Game marked by the revival of Islam. Walberg reviews the Islamic reform traditions from the 19th century on (deriving from Al-Afghani, Qutb) incorporating the Islamic critique of the West as well as the Sunni/ Shia, mainstream/ Sufi/ Salafi divisions. Then he addresses the twentieth century experience of Islamic states (Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran), as well as the current dynamics of the Muslim world (Saudi, Iran, Qatar, Turkey, and now Egypt/ Tunisia/ Libya). Key actors and milestones in the struggle to free the Muslim world from the imperial yoke are discussed. While the Christian/Judaic surrender to capitalism led to Marxist secularism and the communist utopia, Walberg views the Islamic project as containing an alternative socio-economic orientation. This prevented the rise of capitalism/ imperialism in lands populated by Muslims, making them the losers in the technology race of the 19th-20th centuries, but the repository of a corrected vision of the rich lost values of the earlier monotheistic traditions. Here modernity and postmodernism are critiqued from both left and right, and Islam is discussed as both an alternative worldview and world order. However the contradictions of the Arab Spring may be resolved as the West continues its decline, Walberg projects how the understandings entrenched in Islamic civilization point toward a new-old civilizational alternative, one not derivative from the West, but indigenous to the developing world still under its heel.

Islam and Liberal Citizenship

Islam and Liberal Citizenship
The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

by Andrew F. March

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0199838585
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Argues that islamic and secular law and practices can co-exist in a modern liberal democracy. Some argue that Muslims have no tradition of separation of church and state and therefore can't participate in secular, pluralist society. At the other extreme, some Muslims argue that it is the duty of all believers to resist western forms of government and to impose islamic law. Andrew F. March demonstrates that there are very strong and authentically Islamic arguments for accepting the demands of citizenship in a liberal democracy, many of them found even in medieval works of islamic jurisprudence. In fact, he shows, it is precisely the fact that Rawlsian political liberalism makes no claims to metaphysical truth that makes it appealing to Muslims."--Publisher.

Books and Written Culture of the Islamic World

Books and Written Culture of the Islamic World
Studies Presented to Claude Gilliot on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday

by Andrew Rippin,Roberto Tottoli

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2014-12-08
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 9004283757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An international group of twenty-one friends and colleagues join together to explore authors, genres and traditions of the Muslim world reflecting and honouring the contribution of Claude Gilliot to Islamic studies.

Hierarchy and Egalitarianism in Islamic Thought

Hierarchy and Egalitarianism in Islamic Thought
A Book

by Louise Marlow

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2002-05-16
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9780521894289
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A wide-ranging 1997 study of Arabic and Persian literature, contrasting the egalitarian ideal of early Islam with the hierarchical impulses of the classical period.

The Mosaic of Islam

The Mosaic of Islam
A Conversation with Perry Anderson

by Suleiman Mourad

  • Publisher : Verso Books
  • Release : 2016-11-01
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1786632136
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive introduction to the faith and politics of Islam Today, 23 percent of the global population is Muslim, but ignorance and misinformation about Islam persist. In this fascinating and useful book, Perry Anderson interviews the noted scholar of Islam Suleiman Mourad about the Qurʾan and the history of the faith. Mourad elucidates the different stages in Islam’s development: the Qurʾan as scripture and the history of its codification; Muhammad and the significance of his Sunna and Hadith; the Sunni–Shiʿi split and the formation of various sects; the development of jihad; the transition to modernity and the challenges of reform; and the complexities of Islam in the modern world. He also looks at Wahhabism from its inception in the eighteenth century to its present-day position as the movement that galvanized modern Salafism and gave rise to militant Islam or jihadism. The Mosaic of Islam reveals both the richness and the fissures of the faith. It speaks of the different voices claiming to represent the religion and spans peaceful groups and manifestations as well as the bloody confrontations that disfigure the Middle East, such as the Saudi intervention in the Yemen and the collapse of Syria and Iraq. From the Trade Paperback edition.

A Convergence of Civilizations

A Convergence of Civilizations
The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World

by Youssef Courbage,Emmanuel Todd

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2011-06-07
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0231527462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We are told that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading towards inevitable conflict. The demographics of the West remain sluggish, while the population of the Muslim world explodes, widening the cultural gap and all but guaranteeing the outbreak of war. Leaving aside the media's sound and fury on this issue, measured analysis shows another reality taking shape: rapprochement between these two civilizations, benefiting from a universal movement with roots in the Enlightenment. The historical and geographical sweep of this book discredits the notion of a specific Islamic demography. The range of fertility among Muslim women, for example, is as varied as religious behavior among Muslims in general. Whether agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a diverse group that prove the variety and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd consider different degrees of literacy, patriarchy, and defensive reactions among minority Muslim populations, underscoring the spread of massive secularization throughout the Arab and Muslim world. In this regard, they argue, there is very little to distinguish the evolution of Islam from the history of Christianity, especially with Muslims now entering a global modernity. Sensitive to demographic variables and their reflection of personal and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a dangerous meme: that we live in a fractured world close to crisis, struggling with an epidemic of closed cultures and minds made different by religion.

Islam, Authoritarianism, and Underdevelopment

Islam, Authoritarianism, and Underdevelopment
A Global and Historical Comparison

by Ahmet T. Kuru

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-07-31
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1108419097
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analyzes Muslim countries' contemporary problems, particularly violence, authoritarianism, and underdevelopment, comparing their historical levels of development with Western Europe.

The Closing of the Muslim Mind

The Closing of the Muslim Mind
How Intellectual Suicide Created the Modern Islamist Crisis

by Robert R. Reilly

  • Publisher : Open Road Media
  • Release : 2014-04-08
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1497620732
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book you must read to understand the Islamist crisis—and the threat to us all Robert R. Reilly’s eye-opening book masterfully explains the frightening behavior coming out of the Islamic world. Terrorism, he shows, is only one manifestation of the spiritual pathology of Islamism. Reilly uncovers the root of our contemporary crisis: a pivotal struggle waged within the Muslim world nearly a millennium ago. In a heated battle over the role of reason, the side of irrationality won. The deformed theology that resulted, Reilly reveals, produced the spiritual pathology of Islamism, and a deeply dysfunctional culture. The Closing of the Muslim Mind solves such puzzles as: · Why the Arab world stands near the bottom of every measure of human development · Why scientific inquiry is nearly dead in the Islamic world · Why Spain translates more books in a single year than the entire Arab world has in the past thousand years · Why some people in Saudi Arabia still refuse to believe man has been to the moon

Islam and the West

Islam and the West
A Book

by Bernard Lewis

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1994-10-27
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780198023937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hailed in The New York Times Book Review as "the doyen of Middle Eastern studies," Bernard Lewis has been for half a century one of the West's foremost scholars of Islamic history and culture, the author of over two dozen books, most notably The Arabs in History, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, The Political Language of Islam, and The Muslim Discovery of Europe. Eminent French historian Robert Mantran has written of Lewis's work: "How could one resist being attracted to the books of an author who opens for you the doors of an unknown or misunderstood universe, who leads you within to its innermost domains: religion, ways of thinking, conceptions of power, culture--an author who upsets notions too often fixed, fallacious, or partisan." In Islam and the West, Bernard Lewis brings together in one volume eleven essays that indeed open doors to the innermost domains of Islam. Lewis ranges far and wide in these essays. He includes long pieces, such as his capsule history of the interaction--in war and peace, in commerce and culture--between Europe and its Islamic neighbors, and shorter ones, such as his deft study of the Arabic word watan and what its linguistic history reveals about the introduction of the idea of patriotism from the West. Lewis offers a revealing look at Edward Gibbon's portrait of Muhammad in Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (unlike previous writers, Gibbon saw the rise of Islam not as something separate and isolated, nor as a regrettable aberration from the onward march of the church, but simply as a part of human history); he offers a devastating critique of Edward Said's controversial book, Orientalism; and he gives an account of the impediments to translating from classic Arabic to other languages (the old dictionaries, for one, are packed with scribal errors, misreadings, false analogies, and etymological deductions that pay little attention to the evolution of the language). And he concludes with an astute commentary on the Islamic world today, examining revivalism, fundamentalism, the role of the Shi'a, and the larger question of religious co-existence between Muslims, Christians, and Jews. A matchless guide to the background of Middle East conflicts today, Islam and the West presents the seasoned reflections of an eminent authority on one of the most intriguing and little understood regions in the world.

The Place of Tolerance in Islam

The Place of Tolerance in Islam
A Book

by Khaled Abou El Fadl,Ian Lague

  • Publisher : Beacon Press
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 117
  • ISBN : 9780807002292
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Serves to lift prejudices of the Muslims with an essay separating the meaning of true Islamic faith from the terrorists' interpretation of the Koran, and follows with eleven responses that argue the inability for the existence of Islamic tolerance.

Lost Islamic History

Lost Islamic History
Reclaiming Muslim Civilisation from the Past

by Firas Alkhateeb

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1849046891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Islam has been one of the most powerful religious, social, and political forces in history. Over the last 1400 years, from origins in Arabia, a succession of Muslim polities and later empires expanded to control territories and peoples that ultimately stretched from southern France, to East Africa to South East Asia. Yet many of the contributions of Muslim thinkers, scientists, and theologians, not to mention rulers, statesmen and soldiers, have been occluded. This book rescues from oblivion and neglect some of these personalities and institutions while offering the reader a new narrative of this lost Islamic history. The Umayyads, Abbasids, and Ottomans feature in the story, as do Muslim Spain, the savannah kingdoms of West Africa and the Mughal Empire, along with the later European colonisation of Muslim lands and the development of modern nation-states in the Muslim world. Throughout, the impact of Islamic belief on scientific advancement, social structures, and cultural development is given due prominence, and the text is complemented by portraits of key personalities, inventions and little known historical nuggets. The history of Islam and of the world's Muslims brings together diverse peoples, geographies, and states, all interwoven into one narrative that begins with Muhammad and continues to this day."--P. [4] of cover.

Judaism and Islam One God One Music

Judaism and Islam One God One Music
The History of Jewish Paraliturgical Song in the Context of Arabo-Islamic Culture as Revealed in Its Jewish Babylonian Sources

by Merav Rosenfeld-Hadad

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2019-09-24
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9004412638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Judaism and Islam One God One Music, Merav Rosenfeld-Hadad offers the first substantial study of the history and nature of the Jewish Paraliturgical Song, which developed in the Arabo-Islamic civilization between the tenth and the twentieth centuries.

The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities

The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities
A Book

by Amanullah De Sondy

  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Release : 2013-11-07
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 178093744X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rigid notions of masculinity are causing crisis in the global Islamic community. These are articulated from the Qur'an, its commentary, historical precedents and societal, religious and familial obligations. Some Muslims who don't agree with narrow constructs of manliness feel forced to consider themselves secular and therefore outside the religious community. In order to evaluate whether there really is only one valid, ideal Islamic masculinity, The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities explores key figures of the Qur'an and Indian-Pakistani Islamic history, and exposes the precariousness of tight constraints on Islamic manhood. By examining Qur'anic arguments and the strict social responsibilities advocated along with narrow Islamic masculinities, Amanullah De Sondy shows that God and women (to whom Muslim men relate but are different from) often act as foils for the construction of masculinity. He argues the constrainers of masculinity have used God and women to think with and to dominate through and that rigid gender roles are the product of a misguided enterprise: the highly personal relationship between humans and God does not lend itself to the organization of society, because that relationship cannot be typified and replicated. Discussions and debates surrounding Islamic masculinities are quickly finding their place in the study of Islam and Muslims, and The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities makes a vital contribution to this emerging field.