Credit, Currencies, and Culture

Credit, Currencies, and Culture
African Financial Institutions in Historical Perspective

by Endre Stiansen,Jane I. Guyer

  • Publisher : Nordic Africa Institute
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9789171064424
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A striking feature of African history is the volume of commerce and production that has been possible without the full panoply of credit, insurances, future markets, stock companies, limited liability, and other legal and financial services that make up the formal sector of modern economies. The contributions to this volume investigate institutional nexuses through which money has been managed in Africa. Together they present important perspectives that are needed to understand the present economic crisis on the continent.

Currencies and Cultures

Currencies and Cultures
The Impact of Culture on Economic Policies and the Foundations of Money

by Noel Mark Noël

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2019-02-18
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 152752938X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why cultures are different can be examined through the multifaceted lens of their currencies, their economic policies, and the very foundations of how money works. Anyone who has traveled abroad immediately senses the cultural differences, even before learning about the language, politics, or history of the people. The tourist is promptly faced with strangely priced goods and services, an unknown currency of dubious value, and an alien system of payment, trade, and exchange. An investigation into the origins and evolution of money explains much about the behavior of people and their culture. The collection of coins and money often begins with an inquiry into the history of a currency and other payment media used to resolve debts and exchange goods. Coin collecting can lead to a compelling interest in the study of cultural differences as numismatists have come to appreciate the semantic connection between numisma (coinage) and nomos (customs) with nonos (laws). Those interested in economics and business would find, through the study of numismatics, a wealth of information—the equivalent of a life-long education—not only in the study of coins and currencies, but also about people and their history. Culture is defined by the values, norms, and beliefs shared among its members and supported by its cultural institutions. A symbiotic relationship exists between a currency and its culture and society. The extent to which cultural institutions encourage and reinforce their economic foundations indicates the degree of a culture’s success or failure. This book offers insights into how cultural institutions can strengthen their citizens’ values and beliefs with that of their currency, and enhance the process of trade and exchange for the betterment and prosperity of its people. The Latin phrase “cui bono?” translates into “to whose profit or advantage?” Currencies and Cultures reexamines and challenges our current understanding of economic history—and provides insights into human behavior by following the money.

Cultures of Expertise in Global Currency Markets

Cultures of Expertise in Global Currency Markets
A Book

by Leon Wansleben

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-07-18
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 1135037418
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Notwithstanding financial crises, global foreign exchange markets have undergone a tremendous growth during the last two decades. Foreign exchange (FX) is often thought of as a site where economic actors exchange currencies for buying foreign goods or selling goods in foreign countries, but the FX markets are better understood as financial spheres, dominated by speculative actors. A key question is how this huge global speculative sphere has developed, and what maintains it. Thus far, global currency markets have been largely neglected by the new approaches to finance, and until now no study has existed to chart the interplay of their structural evolution and their shape as knowledge spheres. This new book offers a systematic study of FX markets from a knowledge sociological perspective, empirically focussing on analysts within these markets. It makes the argument that market structures are reflected in, and become stabilised by, distinct cultures of financial expertise. These cultures connect the actions and perceptions of loosely coupled, globally distributed market players, and establish shared sets of strategies of how to observe, valuate and invest. This highly original book will be of interest to scholars of economics, sociology and political science, and in particular to all those with an interest in the sociology of finance and the role of finance in the contemporary world.

Cultures of Currencies

Cultures of Currencies
Literature and the Symbolic Foundation of Money

by Taylor & Francis Group

  • Publisher : Routledge Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Literature
  • Release : 2022-02-18
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781032208824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book's premise is not only the commonly accepted cultural relativity of economic concepts, but also the observation that the current shift in the meaning of concepts like "market," "currency," "exchange" and "money" suggests that culture is undergoing a change with unpredictable economic and political consequences. The essays in the book raise basic questions concerning exchange -what is exchanged, who exchanges and how, which kind of currency is used, and indeed what is money and how does it convey and retain value over time. These issues are all classical objects of economic theory, but less often have they been approached from a cultural perspective. Works treating economic and monetary issues from a cultural perspective are few and far apart, and this book aims to contribute to such a perspective with a variety of approaches.

Currencies

Currencies
Fiscal Fortunes and Cultural Capital in Nineteenth-century France

by Society of Dix-Neuviémistes. Annual Conference

  • Publisher : Peter Lang
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 9783039105137
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The thirteen essays in this volume, based on selected papers given at the Second Annual Conference of the Society of Dix-Neuviémistes (2003), explore the relationships between symbolic, monetary and literary currencies in nineteenth-century France. Essays focus on the sometimes surprising treatment of capitalism and commodity culture in the works of Mallarmé, Zola and Huysmans; the transfer and borrowing of economic and literary commodities, names, and concepts in nineteenth-century culture, from Flora Tristan's July Monarchy to Schwob's fin-de-siècle moment; and the interplay between wealth and identity, and commerce and globalisation, in the writings of Hugo, Janin, and Balzac. While it is widely acknowledged that the theme of money is central to nineteenth-century literature, this volume is innovative in tracing the variation, breadth and ubiquity of the idea of currencies in the cultural imaginary of the epoch.

Culture And Currency

Culture And Currency
Cultural Bias In Monetary Theory And Policy

by John Houghton

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-03-04
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0429710445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hao and Sabine Buy the World's Currencies, 3

Hao and Sabine Buy the World's Currencies, 3
A Book

by S. B. Hilarion

  • Publisher : Bookbaby
  • Release : 2021-10-19
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9780578932781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Have you ever seen a coin or banknote from another country? Do you know the national currency of Fiji? Now you can! Join young philomaths Hao and Sabine as they tour the globe discovering the different money used throughout the world. From Greenland to Easter Island and everywhere in between, these adventurous siblings learn about the cultures and histories portrayed on the money from over 260 countries and territories. Filled with images of coins and banknotes in circulation today, Hao and Sabine Buy the World's Currencies will help you visit every continent and learn more about the history, customs, ecosystems, people, languages, and cuisines that make each country and territory unique!

Global Economies, Cultural Currencies of the Eighteenth Century

Global Economies, Cultural Currencies of the Eighteenth Century
A Book

by Michael Rotenberg-Schwartz,Tara Czechowski

  • Publisher : Ams PressInc
  • Release : 2012-01-01
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 9780404648640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cultural Currency Card Game

Cultural Currency Card Game
A One Person Curriculum

by Ms Alfreda

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011-09-20
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 9781456531119
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cultural Currency is a delicate combination of art, experiences, how to , know how, symbols, lingo, historical facts and artifacts that can be creatively synthesized for economic sustainability. That which is synthesized to be noted and put in service to use as a business, small business or family business. How do we capture cultural currency to place into enterprise? Is it a process taken from the process from which it came? Can we use cultural currency for lasting business and commerce? There are many artifacts of culture that can translate into currencies worldwide. Costumes, foods, music, dance, heritage, histories, cultural designs, celebrations and many other vast categories that present and represent cultures. Cultural currency in formats that can be transported to areas that may find solutions and answers as well as different unique ways of doing things. Cultural Currency Game A One Person Curriculum is a card game to make for one person or a group. Hunting and gathering assembling and writing the information necessary to bring together those ideas that are already present.

The Function, Culture, and Currency of Language for Black Americans in Education

The Function, Culture, and Currency of Language for Black Americans in Education
A Book

by Markita C. Warren

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 115
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine how the racial makeup of school districts and buildings affect the reading and language achievement of Black students. It examined the gaps between Black and White students on both the Ohio American Institutes for Research (AIR) English/Language Arts (ELA) Assessment and the state approved Northwest Education Association (NWEA) Measures of Academic Progress (MAP) Reading Assessment. Utilizing secondary data collected from the Ohio Department of Education (ODE) report card and a large urban school district, the study found that, statewide, there was a statistically significant difference in the percentage of students who were rated as proficient or above in reading. On average, across grade levels, the percentage of Black students rated as proficient in reading was 24.14 percentage points lower than their White peers (t=5.70, p=.0005). When controlling for mean years of teacher experience, performance index scores, district typology, and student poverty, the percentage of teachers in a district who identified as Black was not a statistically significant predictor of Black proficiency percentage (B = 0.28, SE = .13, p = .14). However, the percentage of Black teachers was a statistically significant predictor of district reading achievement scores (p =.043). The findings underscore the need for more diverse approaches to the teaching of reading and writing for Black students.

Foreign Currencies Held by the U.S. Government

Foreign Currencies Held by the U.S. Government
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Report on Foreign Currencies Held by the U.S. Government

Report on Foreign Currencies Held by the U.S. Government
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Currencies

Currencies
Circulation and Spectatorship in the Print Culture of the French Revolution

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 1002
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Year of the Euro

The Year of the Euro
The Cultural, Social, and Political Import of Europe's Common Currency

by Robert M. Fishman,Anthony M. Messina,Professor Anthony M Messina

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Year of the Euro examines the wide-ranging importance of Europe's new single currency beyond its impact on financial markets and the economy itself. On January 1, 2002, when the new currency began to circulate in the twelve participating member states of the European Union, the long move toward a supranational European framework for trade and institutions finally entered the fabric of daily life for hundreds of millions of citizens. The contributing authors to this highly readable and interdisciplinary volume offer a variety of perspectives on this extraordinary episode in currency change and European convergence. The book's essays offer the assessments of leading scholars of European affairs--from the fields of history, political science, sociology, and law--as to whether the new common currency will reshape the continent's cultures, societies and political systems and, if so, in what ways. The discussions and debates found in these pages will inform those, within and outside academia, who are interested in the future of Europe and in the meaning of national currencies. The volume is also suitable for classroom use in courses on the European Union, cultural and economic sociology, comparative politics, and contemporary Europe. "The euro has quickly become a world currency, and this excellent work explains how this came about. It does the job, not only by looking at the economic factors involved, but also at political, legal, social, and cultural factors--all in a very creative and readable manner." --Richard Swedberg, Cornell University "If the nineteenth and twentieth centuries brought a dramatic nationalization of government-backed currencies across the world, does the euro's introduction in 2002 write finis to the era of nationalism? Here, superbly informed observers of European politics, economy, and social life debate that question from multiple perspectives, not only documenting the depth of the euro's challenge, but also mapping alternative futures for Europe. An illuminating intervention in a vital conversation." --Viviana A. Zelizer, Lloyd Cotsen '50 Professor of Sociology, Princeton University "This is one of the most interesting and original books in the burgeoning field of EU studies to have emerged in recent years. Its emphasis on the likely social and cultural--not just political and economic--impact of the euro at the national, subnational, and supranational levels is timely and refreshing. Tightly edited, this book should be essential reading for professional and amateur EU-watchers alike." --Desmond Dinan, Jean Monnet Professor of Public Policy, George Mason University

Cultures of Expertise in Global Currency Markets

Cultures of Expertise in Global Currency Markets
A Book

by Leon Wansleben

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-07-18
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1135037426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Notwithstanding financial crises, global foreign exchange markets have undergone a tremendous growth during the last two decades. Foreign exchange (FX) is often thought of as a site where economic actors exchange currencies for buying foreign goods or selling goods in foreign countries, but the FX markets are better understood as financial spheres, dominated by speculative actors. A key question is how this huge global speculative sphere has developed, and what maintains it. Thus far, global currency markets have been largely neglected by the new approaches to finance, and until now no study has existed to chart the interplay of their structural evolution and their shape as knowledge spheres. This new book offers a systematic study of FX markets from a knowledge sociological perspective, empirically focussing on analysts within these markets. It makes the argument that market structures are reflected in, and become stabilised by, distinct cultures of financial expertise. These cultures connect the actions and perceptions of loosely coupled, globally distributed market players, and establish shared sets of strategies of how to observe, valuate and invest. This highly original book will be of interest to scholars of economics, sociology and political science, and in particular to all those with an interest in the sociology of finance and the role of finance in the contemporary world.

What Comes After Money?

What Comes After Money?
Essays from Reality Sandwich on Transforming Currency and Community

by Daniel Pinchbeck,Ken Jordan

  • Publisher : North Atlantic Books
  • Release : 2011-09-27
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1583943501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most people believe that money is organic and inevitable; we forget that money is just a tool created to perform certain functions. But just as computer programmers drop out-of date tools and pick up better ones as soon as they become available, we might switch from bank-financed currency to a more equitable method for transferring goods and services. As an operating system for society, money needs a major upgrade. What Comes After Money? offers a wealth of alternatives to the current monetary system. In this anthology of essays drawn from the popular web magazine Reality Sandwich, 20 visionary thinkers explore the roots of the modern economic crisis and propose diverse solutions: instituting local currencies; creating reputation or gift economies (based on historical and contemporary); introducing spirituality into the equation; and many more. Contributors include economist Bernard Leitaer, media theorist Douglas Rushkoff, musician Paul D. Miller (a.k.a. DJ Spooky), theoretical physicist Amit Goswami, Larry Harvey (founder of Burning Man), and Peter Lamborn Wilson (a.k.a. Hakim Bey). About the Imprint: EVOLVER EDITIONS promotes a new counterculture that recognizes humanity's visionary potential and takes tangible, pragmatic steps to realize it. EVOLVER EDITIONS explores the dynamics of personal, collective, and global change from a wide range of perspectives. EVOLVER EDITIONS is an imprint of North Atlantic Books and is produced in collaboration with Evolver, LLC.

A Cultural History of Money in the Age of Empire

A Cultural History of Money in the Age of Empire
A Book

by Bloomsbury Publishing

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2021-03-11
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1350253537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The nineteenth century was a time of intense monetization of social life: increasingly money became the only means of access to goods and services, especially in the new metropolises; new technologies and infrastructures emerged for saving and circulating money and for standardizing coinage; and paper currencies were printed, founded purely on trust without any intrinsic metallic value. But the monetary landscape was ambivalent so that the forces unifying monetary practice (imperial and national currencies, global monetary standards such as the gold standard) coexisted with the proliferation of local currencies. Money became a central issue in politics, the arts, and sciences - and the modern discipline of economics was born, with its claim to a monopoly on knowing and governing money. Drawing upon a wealth of visual and textual sources, A Cultural History of Money in the Age of Empire presents essays that examine key cultural case studies of the period on the themes of technologies, ideas, ritual and religion, the everyday, art and representation, interpretation, and the issues of the age.

Another Economy is Possible

Another Economy is Possible
Culture and Economy in a Time of Crisis

by Manuel Castells

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-05-23
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1509517227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Throughout the Western world, governments and financial elites responded to the financial crisis of 2008 by trying to restore the conditions of business as usual, but the economic, social and human damage inflicted by the crisis has given rise to a reconsideration of the inevitability of unfettered capitalism as a fact of life. A number of economic practices and organizations emerged in Europe and the United States that embodied alternative values: the value of life over the value of money; the effectiveness of cooperation over cut-throat competition; the social responsibility of corporations and responsible regulation by governments over the short-term speculative strategies that brought the economy to the brink of catastrophe. This book examines the blossoming of innovative new experiments in organizing work and life that emerged in the wake of the financial crisis: cooperatives, barter networks, ethical banking, community currencies, shared time banks, solidarity networks, sharing of goods, non-monetary transactions, etc., experiments that paved the way for the emergence of a sharing economy in all domains of activity oriented toward the satisfaction of human needs. Other innovations included the creation of cryptographic virtual currencies, epitomized by bitcoin, which blended a libertarian, entrepreneurial spirit with information technology to provide an alternative to standard forms of currency. On the basis of a cross-cultural analysis of alternative economic practices, this book develops an important theoretical argument: that the economy, as a human practice, is shaped by culture, and that the diversity of cultures, as revealed in a time of crisis, implies the possibility of different economies depending on the values and power relations that define economic institutions. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars in sociology, economics and the social sciences generally, and to anyone who wishes to understand how our societies and economies are changing today.

Currencies of Imagination

Currencies of Imagination
Channeling Money and Chasing Mobility in Vietnam

by Ivan V. Small

  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release : 2019-01-15
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1501716905
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Vietnam, international remittances from the Vietnamese diaspora are quantitatively significant and contribute important economic inputs. Yet beyond capital transfer, these diasporic remittance economies offer insight into an unfolding transformation of Vietnamese society through the extension of imaginations and ontological possibilities that accompany them. Currencies of Imagination examines the complex role of remittances as money and as gifts that flow across, and mediate between, transnational kinship networks dispersed by exile and migration. Long distance international gift exchanges and channels in a neoliberal political economy juxtapose the increasing cross-border mobility of remittance financial flows against the relative confines of state bounded bodies. In this contradiction Ivan V. Small reveals a creative space for emergent imaginaries that disrupt local structures and scales of desire, labor and expectation. Furthermore, the particular characteristics of remittance channels and mediums in a global economy, including transnational mobility and exchangeable value, affect and reflect the relations, aspirations, and orientations of the exchange participants. Small traces a genealogy of how this phenomenon has shifted through changing remittance forms and transfer infrastructures, from material and black market to formal bank and money services. Transformations in the affective and institutional relations among givers, receivers, and remittance facilitators accompany each of these shifts, illustrating that the socio-cultural work of remittances extends far beyond the formal economic realm they are usually consigned to.

Creating Wealth

Creating Wealth
Growing Local Economies with Local Currencies

by Gwendolyn Hallsmith,Bernard Lietaer

  • Publisher : New Society Publishers
  • Release : 2011-05-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 155092477X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The power of local currencies Communities everywhere are challenged by issues such as health, elder and child care, housing, education, food security and the environment. On the surface, these problems appear to be rooted in economic crisis-forexample budget cuts have triggered reduced public services, soaring food prices have created food security concerns, and the subprime mortgage disaster has spawned record increases in foreclosures and homelessness. However if communities could match their unmet needs with their underutilized resources, many would find that while their economies may bestruggling when measured in traditional terms, they possess enough genuine wealth to allow all their inhabitants to enjoy a vastly improved quality of life. Creating Wealth demonstrates how a healthy society can beattained through developing new systems of exchange. Using creative initiatives such as time banks, systems of barter and exchange and local currencies, cities and towns can empower themselves and build vibrant, healthy, sustainable local economies. In addition to presenting many compelling case studies of successful alternative currencies in action, Creating Wealth also explores the different types of capital that communities have to draw on, including natural, built, social, human, institutional, cultural, technological, and financial. This book will appeal to community activists, city planners and other public officials, and anyone interested in developing strong local economies. Gwendolyn Hallsmith is the founder and director of Global Community Initiatives and the author of The Key to Sustainable Cities . Bernard Lietaer is the world's leading authority on complementary currencies and the author of The Future of Money .