Diaspora at War

Diaspora at War
The Chinese of Singapore between Empire and Nation, 1937-1945

by Ernest Koh

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2013-04-25
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9047428226
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In Diaspora at War, Ernest Koh maps a history of Singapore's wartime past that extends beyond the Japanese invasion and occupation of the island.

Global Force

Global Force
War, Identities and Scotland's Diaspora

by David Forsyth

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2016-04-15
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1474413501
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume emerged from an international research colloquium jointly organised by National Museums Scotland and the Scottish Centre for Diaspora Studies, University of Edinburgh, funded by the Scottish Government and administered by the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Historians and museum curators from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa were invited to join with their Scottish counterparts to consider the functioning, and the meaning, of 'military Scottishness' in different Commonwealth countries and in Britain from the late Victorian period to the present day, with a particular focus on the impact of the First World War. Another key objective was to throw light on the 'hidden' culture of social networking which potentially operated behind local regiments and military units amongst Scotland's global diaspora. This edited collection provides a comparative overview of the nineteenth century emergence of military Scottishness and explores how the construction and performance of Scottish military identity has evolved in different Commonwealth countries over the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In particular, it looks at the ways in which Scottish volunteer regiments in Commonwealth countries variously sought to draw upon, align themselves with or, at certain key moments, redefine the assertions of martial identity which Highland regiments represented.

Chineseness and the Cold War

Chineseness and the Cold War
Contested Cultures and Diaspora in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong

by Jeremy E. Taylor,Lanjun Xu

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-09-27
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 1000450198
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book explores contested notions of "Chineseness" in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong during the Cold War, showing how competing ideas about "Chineseness" were an important ideological factor at play in the region. After providing an overview of the scholarship on "Chineseness" and "diaspora", the book sheds light on specific case studies, through the lens of the "Chinese cultural Cold War", from Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaya, Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. It provides detailed examples of competition for control of definitions of "Chineseness" by political or politically oriented forces of diverse kinds, and shows how such competition was played out in bookstores, cinemas, music halls, classrooms, and even sports clubs and places of worship across the region in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. The book also demonstrates how the legacies of these Cold War contestations continue to influence debates about Chinese influence – and "Chineseness" – in Southeast Asia and the wider region today.

The Korean Diaspora in Post War Japan

The Korean Diaspora in Post War Japan
Geopolitics, Identity and Nation-Building

by Myung Ja Kim

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2017-05-30
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1786731851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The indistinct status of the Zainichi has meant that, since the late 1940s, two ethnic Korean associations, the Chongryun (pro-North) and the Mindan (pro-South) have been vying for political loyalty from the Zainichi, with both groups initially opposing their assimilation in Japan. Unlike the Korean diasporas living in Russia, China or the US, the Zainichi have become sharply divided along political lines as a result. Myung Ja Kim examines Japan's changing national policies towards the Zainichi in order to understand why this group has not been fully integrated into Japan. Through the prism of this ethnically Korean community, the book reveals the dynamics of alliances and alignments in East Asia, including the rise of China as an economic superpower, the security threat posed by North Korea and the diminishing alliance between Japan and the US. Taking a post-war historical perspective, the research reveals why the Zainichi are vital to Japan's state policy revisionist aims to increase its power internationally and how they were used to increase the country's geopolitical leverage.With a focus on International Relations, this book provides an important analysis of the mechanisms that lie behind nation-building policy, showing the conditions controlling a host state's treatment of diasporic groups.

The Action Party and the Diaspora of the Actionists in Post-War Italy

The Action Party and the Diaspora of the Actionists in Post-War Italy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Korean Diaspora in Post War Japan

The Korean Diaspora in Post War Japan
Geopolitics, Identity and Nation-Building

by Myung Ja Kim

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2017-05-30
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1786721856
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The indistinct status of the Zainichi has meant that, since the late 1940s, two ethnic Korean associations, the Chongryun (pro-North) and the Mindan (pro-South) have been vying for political loyalty from the Zainichi, with both groups initially opposing their assimilation in Japan. Unlike the Korean diasporas living in Russia, China or the US, the Zainichi have become sharply divided along political lines as a result. Myung Ja Kim examines Japan's changing national policies towards the Zainichi in order to understand why this group has not been fully integrated into Japan. Through the prism of this ethnically Korean community, the book reveals the dynamics of alliances and alignments in East Asia, including the rise of China as an economic superpower, the security threat posed by North Korea and the diminishing alliance between Japan and the US. Taking a post-war historical perspective, the research reveals why the Zainichi are vital to Japan's state policy revisionist aims to increase its power internationally and how they were used to increase the country's geopolitical leverage.With a focus on International Relations, this book provides an important analysis of the mechanisms that lie behind nation-building policy, showing the conditions controlling a host state's treatment of diasporic groups.

Between the Ottomans and the Entente

Between the Ottomans and the Entente
The First World War in the Syrian and Lebanese Diaspora, 1908-1925

by Stacy D. Fahrenthold

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-02-18
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0190872152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Since 2011 over 5.6 million Syrians have fled to Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and beyond, and another 6.6 million are internally displaced. The contemporary flight of Syrian refugees comes one century after the region's formative experience with massive upheaval, displacement, and geopolitical intervention: the First World War. In this book, Stacy Fahrenthold examines the politics of Syrian and Lebanese migration around the period of the First World War. Some half million Arab migrants, nearly all still subjects of the Ottoman Empire, lived in a diaspora concentrated in Brazil, Argentina, and the United States. They faced new demands for their political loyalty from Istanbul, which commanded them to resist European colonialism. From the Western hemisphere, Syrian migrants grappled with political suspicion, travel restriction, and outward displays of support for the war against the Ottomans. From these diasporic communities, Syrians used their ethnic associations, commercial networks, and global press to oppose Ottoman rule, collaborating with the Entente powers because they believed this war work would bolster the cause of Syria's liberation. Between the Ottomans and the Entente shows how these communities in North and South America became a geopolitical frontier between the Young Turk Revolution and the early French Mandate. It examines how empires at war-from the Ottomans to the French-embraced and claimed Syrian migrants as part of the state-building process in the Middle East. In doing so, they transformed this diaspora into an epicenter for Arab nationalist politics. Drawing on transnational sources from migrant activists, this wide-ranging work reveals the degree to which Ottoman migrants "became Syrians" while abroad and brought their politics home to the post-Ottoman Middle East.

Croatian Radical Separatism and Diaspora Terrorism During the Cold War

Croatian Radical Separatism and Diaspora Terrorism During the Cold War
A Book

by Mate Nikola Tokić

  • Publisher : Purdue University Press
  • Release : 2020-04-15
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 1557538921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Croatian Radical Separatism and Diaspora Terrorism During the Cold War examines one of the most active but least remembered groups of terrorists of the Cold War: radical anti-Yugoslav Croatian separatists. Operating in countries as widely dispersed as Sweden, Australia, Argentina, West Germany, and the United States, Croatian extremists were responsible for scores of bombings, numerous attempted and successful assassinations, two guerilla incursions into socialist Yugoslavia, and two airplane hijackings during the height of the Cold War. In Australia alone, Croatian separatists carried out no less than sixty-five significant acts of violence in one ten-year period. Diaspora Croats developed one of the most far-reaching terrorist networks of the Cold War and, in total, committed on average one act of terror every five weeks worldwide between 1962 and 1980. Tokić focuses on the social and political factors that radicalized certain segments of the Croatian diaspora population during the Cold War and the conditions that led them to embrace terrorism as an acceptable form of political expression. At its core, this book is concerned with the discourses and practices of radicalization—the ways in which both individuals and groups who engage in terrorism construct a particular image of the world to justify their actions. Drawing on exhaustive evidence from seventeen archives in ten countries on three continents—including diplomatic communiqués, political pamphlets and manifestos, manuals on bomb-making, transcripts of police interrogations of terror suspects, and personal letters among terrorists—Tokić tells the comprehensive story of one of the Cold War’s most compelling global political movements.

New Perceptions of the Vietnam War

New Perceptions of the Vietnam War
Essays on the War, the South Vietnamese Experience, the Diaspora and the Continuing Impact

by Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen

  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release : 2015-01-31
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 078649509X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

"Forty years after the fall of Saigon, this important collection provides fresh insights into the history of the Vietnam War and the multiple ways its political and cultural legacies continue to reverberate around the world. This is not only a timely and highly interesting volume, but also one that breaks new ground in bringing cross-disciplinary perspectives to bear in the reassessment of the Vietnam War."—Kate Darian-Smith, University of Melbourne "Nathalie Huynh Chau Nguyen brings together a range of scholarly approaches in offering fresh perspectives on the Vietnam War. In particular, the firm redirection of attention to the Republic of Vietnam, its institutions and citizens is a most welcome development and one that should prompt a rebalancing of historical accounts which, till now, have largely elided the South Vietnamese from their history. Solidly based on a wide range of public, private, published and archival sources in English, French and Vietnamese, New Perceptions of the Vietnam War will offer much of interest to all those with an interest in one of the most important Cold War conflicts of the second half of the 20th century."--Jeffrey Grey, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy. The effects of the Vietnam War outside the borders of the Vietnamese state are ongoing. The presence of substantial Vietnamese communities in countries that participated in the conflict is contributing to changing interpretations of the war. This international collection of essays examines the war from new perspectives--including those of the Vietnamese diaspora--and explores ways in which perceptions of the war been have altered in recent years. The war is examined through the lens of history, politics, biography and literature, with Vietnamese, American, Australian and French scholars providing new insights on its reassessment. Twelve chapters cover South Vietnamese leadership and policies, women and civilians, veterans overseas, the involvement of smaller allies in the war (Australia), accounts by U.S., Australian and South Vietnamese servicemen as well as those of Indigenous soldiers in the U.S. and Australia, memorials and commemoration, and the legacy of war on individual lives, memories and government policy.

Funding the "final War"

Funding the 'final War'
LTTE Intimidation and Extortion in the Tamil Diaspora

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Human Rights Watch
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 47
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

And recommendations. Methodology - Recommendations. -- Background. War in Sri Lanka - The Tamil diaspora and support for the LTTE. -- A culture of fear: LTTE intimidation, threats, and violence. -- LTTE control of Hindu temples in the West. -- Paying for "the final war": LTTE fundraising and extortion within the Tamil diaspora in late 2005 and early 2006. Pressures to give money - Attempts to refuse and resist - Fundraising versus extortion - Response from the World Tamil Movement. -- Extortion of Tamil expatriates visiting Sri Lanka. Priya's story - Common extortion methods. -- Response of the U.K. and Canadian authorities. -- Conclusion. -- Acknowledgements.

Kurdish Diaspora Mobilisation in Denmark

Kurdish Diaspora Mobilisation in Denmark
Supporting the Struggle in Syria

by Anne Sofie Schøtt

  • Publisher : Edinburgh Studies on Diasporas and Transnationalism
  • Release : 2021-10-31
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9781474491709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Anne Sofie Schøtt explores how the Kurdish diaspora in Denmark supported the Kurdish struggle in Syria from the battle of Kobane (2014) to the defeat in Afrin (2018). She examines the political lobbyism, the courtroom activism and the humanitarian action of the various Kurdish diaspora groups.

Theories of War and Peace

Theories of War and Peace
A Book

by Michael E. Brown,Owen R. Cote, Jr.,Sean M. Lynn-Jones,Steven E. Miller

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1998-09-15
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 9780262522526
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

New approaches to understanding war and peace in the changing international system. What causes war? How can wars be prevented? Scholars and policymakers have sought the answers to these questions for centuries. Although wars continue to occur, recent scholarship has made progress toward developing more sophisticated and perhaps more useful theories on the causes and prevention of war. This volume includes essays by leading scholars on contemporary approaches to understanding war and peace. The essays include expositions, analyses, and critiques of some of the more prominent and enduring explanations of war. Several authors discuss realist theories of war, which focus on the distribution of power and the potential for offensive war. Others examine the prominent hypothesis that the spread of democracy will usher in an era of peace. In light of the apparent increase in nationalism and ethnic conflict, several authors present hypotheses on how nationalism causes war and how such wars can be controlled. Contributors also engage in a vigorous debate on whether international institutions can promote peace. In a section on war and peace in the changing international system, several authors consider whether rising levels of international economic independence and environmental scarcity will influence the likelihood of war.

Post-cold War Demilitarisation and 'Korean Trading Diaspora' in Vladivostok

Post-cold War Demilitarisation and 'Korean Trading Diaspora' in Vladivostok
The Past and the Present

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 918
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Post-War Anglophone Lebanese Fiction

Post-War Anglophone Lebanese Fiction
A Book

by Syrine Hout

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2012-09-30
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0748669175
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book examines the phenomenon of the post-civil war Anglophone Lebanese fictional narrative.

Rethinking the Economics of War

Rethinking the Economics of War
The Intersection of Need, Creed, and Greed

by Cynthia J. Arnson,I. William Zartman

  • Publisher : Woodrow Wilson Center Press
  • Release : 2005-09-07
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0801882974
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This collection of essays questions the adequacy of explaining today's internal armed conflicts purely in terms of economic factors and re-establishes the importance of identity and grievances in creating and sustaining such wars. Countries studied include Lebanon, Angola, Colombia and Afghanistan.

Diasporic Activism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Diasporic Activism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
A Book

by Svenja Gertheiss

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-12-14
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 1317368851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

With their homelands at war, can Diasporas lead the way to peace, or do they present an obstacle to conflict resolution, nurturing hate far away from those who actually fall victim to violence? And which of these roles do the Jewish and Palestinian diaspora communities play in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? Particularly since the Oslo peace process, the search for a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been strongly contested among Jewish and Arab/Palestinian Organizations in the United States. Through an analysis of the activities of Arab-Palestinian and Jewish organizations on behalf of and towards their conflict-ridden homelands, Diasporic Activism in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict provides both a detailed picture of diasporic activism in the Middle East as well as advancing theory-building on the roles of diasporas in helping or hindering peace. Drawing on research into (transnational) social movements, diaspora studies and constructivist International Relations theory, this book retraces how this process of diversification occurred, and explains why neither the Jewish nor the Arab Diaspora community hold a unified position in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but are each comprised of both hawks and doves. Combining theoretical depth and practical orientation, this book is a key resource for those working in the fields of Middle Eastern studies, Peace and Conflict Studies and Diapora Studies, as well as specialists on the ground in Israel/Palestine and other conflict settings in which Diaspora communities play a prominent role.

The Polish Tailor

The Polish Tailor
In War, Not Even the Diaspora Breaks Blood Bonds.

by Débora Finkielsztejn

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016-10-24
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A SAGA OF A FAMILY SEPARATED BY WAR. A historical immigration novel about identity and major conflicts that marked the 20th century. An intricate plot mixing drama, thriller, and turnaround. The Polish Tailor mixes both reality and fiction by driving the reader through Brazil from twentieth-century immigrants, a challenging and unknown land for the Jewish families, escaping from persecution in Europe to a place "with no winter". The novel tells the story of Moishe, the patriarch of the Luitermanns, who left Poland in the 1930s searching for work and better conditions for his wife Fela and their five children. First, Avraham and Shlomo - the two eldest sons - had to join the military service, and their lives went on different paths. The book is about the search for identity in the midst of the horrors of war and forced migration. On this journey to a new land and search for peace, the Luitermann family faces a history of loss, separation, and reunion, all sewn together.

The Role of the Diaspora in Peace-building

The Role of the Diaspora in Peace-building
The Case of the Liberian Diaspora in the United States

by Osman Antwi-Boateng

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9781124240480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Non-state actors such as the diaspora continue to challenge the traditional notion of international relations which is heavily state-centered. Diaspora groups across the world have the capacity to impact the affairs of the state in the host-land or in the homeland. Not only do diaspora groups contribute to the development of the homeland via remittances and investments, they are increasingly shaping affairs of the homeland in matters of war and peace. The U.S-based Liberian diaspora represents an archetypal case whereby, the diaspora actively supported war by offering moral and financial/material support towards Liberia's fourteen year Civil War. In spite of initially supporting war, the U.S-based Liberian diaspora has been a major player in the post-conflict peace-building process. Factors that contributed to this turn around include: homeland domestic need for peace after years of war. Also, a fairly liberal environment created after the 2005 elections has reduced the risk of diaspora participation in homeland affairs; changing host land politics and foreign policy in a post-9/11 world where tough U.S financial disclosure requirements have been introduced, has made diaspora groups more cautious; and the strengthening of international regimes to hold perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity which has culminated in the indictment of Charles Taylor, serves as a potent deterrent to would-be provocateurs, that the era of impunity is over. This research addresses how the U.S-based Liberian diaspora contributes towards peace-building in Liberia in four areas: Norm entrepreneurship; soft power agents; international collaborators for peace and political participation for peace. However, the ability of the U.S-based Liberian diaspora to effectively contribute towards peace building depends on a number of factors. First, the ability of the U.S-based Liberian diaspora to effectively transfer peace-building norms will depend on its ability to recognize and address homeland cultural norms and values that may be in conflict with some of the norms being promoted. Second, the ability of the U.S-based Liberian diaspora members to effectively serve as soft power actors will depend on whether its members are deemed by fellow Liberians as having the moral authority or not. Those viewed negatively as hardliners in the course of the war would be less effective at exerting soft power influence compared to those viewed as moderates. Third, U.S-based Liberian diaspora members seeking international alliances for justice against war time excesses at the international level are more likely to be successful than a reliance on the Liberian justice system. This is because the Liberian government lacks the political will to seek justice against powerful former War Lords that are culpable. In addition, the Liberian justice system is widely perceived as corrupt and under-resourced. Diaspora members with U.S citizenship are more likely to face justice in U.S for any war crime related charges than in Liberia where the institutional capacity to hold perpetrators accountable are weak. Finally, several obstacles would have to be addressed before the U.S-based Liberian diaspora can effectively participate in domestic Liberian politics and contribute towards peace-building. First, there has to be a permanent resolution of the Diaspora legal immigration status in the U.S. Second, there is the need for the passage of a dual citizenship law in Liberian that allows diaspora members with dual citizenship to hold key public office positions. Third, the most successful diaspora politicians will be those that are capable of building a more inclusive political structure that embraces all spheres of Liberian society. Without a broader political tent, well meaning peace-building initiatives are bound to fail.

Haunting the Korean Diaspora

Haunting the Korean Diaspora
Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War

by Grace M. Cho

  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 0816652740
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Since the Korean Wara the forgotten wara more than a million Korean women have acted as sex workers for U.S. servicemen. More than 100,000 women married GIs and moved to the United States. Through intellectual vigor and personal recollection, Haunting the Korean Diaspora explores the repressed history of emotional and physical violence between the United States and Korea and the unexamined reverberations of sexual relationships between Korean women and American soldiers.

East Central European Migrations During the Cold War

East Central European Migrations During the Cold War
A Handbook

by Anna Mazurkiewicz

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2019-05-06
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 3110610639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

"An extremely useful and much needed survey. Over eleven chapters, authors from eight countries cover the complex history of migration from the perspective of Central and Eastern Europe between 1945 and 1993. Following in the footsteps of Klaus Bade’s Encyclopedia of European Migrations, the authors make extensive use of sources in national languages, while providing an extensive overview of population movements in the region between the Baltic, Black, and Adriatic Seas. The individual chapters shed light on phenomena overlooked in other volumes, including individual state reactions to various migratory phenomenon, and the political, economic, and ideological consequences of human movement. The chapters of this volume are uniform not only in their informative nature, but also in suggesting new pathways for in-depth research." Adam Walaszek, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland "Eastern Europe is an emblematic space of mobility and its Cold War history cannot be told without considering migration from and into the countries of the region. This volume comes at a timely moment and provides a uniquely comprehensive account, full with useful information for further research. It will be a must-read both for migration studies scholars and for area specialists." Ulf Brunnbauer, Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, Regensburg, Germany "The Handbook is a gift to students of migration on three counts. It gathers the expertise of scholars fluent in the languages – and familiar with the archives – of Eastern and Central Europe. Thus it brings the multi-layered and complex histories of movement beyond the flat descriptor of "Soviet bloc" or Eastern European migrations. The Handbook is both rich and lucid, presenting in-depth materials on the European twentieth-century, on one hand, and organizing each chapter in a similar way, offering the reader transparently comparable histories. From Estonia south to Albania, and from the USSR west to the GDR, each chapter elucidates a complex migration history distinguished by national politics, ethnic composition, and economics – moving from the cataclysmic impacts of World War II to the international migrations and politics of Cold War movement, as well as the politics of Cold War emigrants themselves. Each chapter ends with an epilogue on post-1989 international migrations and a valuable addendum on published and archival sources. Finally, the Handbook models the kind of high quality work produced by international scholarly cooperation at its best." Leslie Page Moch, Michigan State University Table of contents Introduction (Anna Mazurkiewicz) Albania (Agata Domachowska) Baltic States: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania (Pauli Heikkilä) Bulgaria (Detelina Dineva) Czechoslovakia (Michael Cude and Ellen Paul) Germany (Bethany Hicks) Hungary (Katalin Kádár Lynn) Poland (Sławomir Łukasiewicz) Romania (Beatrice Scutaru) Ukraine (Anna Fiń) USSR (Alexey Antoshin) Yugoslavia (Brigitte Le Normand)