Education, Cultures, and Economics

Education, Cultures, and Economics
Dilemmas for Development

by Angela W. Little,Fiona E. Leach

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1135651779
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume reviews the conflict between economic prescriptions for improved education in the developing world and local cultures. Among the issues reviewed are: conceptions of culture and economics in development and education literature, economic considerations of school systems to promote cultural goals, the differentiation of schools from other sites of cultural reproduction, learning experiences of various cultural groups, and the cross-cultural work of development agencies.

Economics, Culture, and Education

Economics, Culture, and Education
Essays in Honour of Mark Blaug

by Graham Keith Shaw

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Pub
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this festschrift in honour of the economic historian, Mark Blaug, the contributors focus on the history of economic thought and the evolution of economic research.

Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Economics, education, mobility, and space

Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Economics, education, mobility, and space
A Book

by Suad Joseph,Afsaneh Najmabadi

  • Publisher : Encyclopedia of Women & Islami
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 587
  • ISBN : 9789004128200
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focuses on women and the civilizations and societies in which Islam has played a historic role. Surveys all facets of life (society, economy, politics, religion, the arts, popular culture, sports, health, science, medicine, environment, and so forth) of women in these societies.

Education in a Globalized World

Education in a Globalized World
The Connectivity of Economic Power, Technology, and Knowledge

by Nelly P. Stromquist

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN : 9780742510982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The seemingly amorphous phenomenon we call "globalization" involves concrete realities that make it a major source of social change in our contemporary world. Bringing globalization alive for students, this book uses examples and perspectives from economics, technology, and mass media to show how globalization is producing unprecedented impacts on education and culture. Education at all levels-from primary school to university education-is undergoing a world wide transformation of its objectives, values, and practices. New technologies and communication practices have promoted the West's optimism that market forces can replace the former governmental responsibilities for social welfare and the inclusion of diverse cultures. New emphasis on competition, quality control, parental choice, marketing, and the linkage of education to work means that schools all over the world face innovations and challenges to established practices. Meanwhile, the worldwide expansion of entertainment and advertising media convey notions of individualism and consumerism that are changing definitions of gender and solidarity among social groups. This book offers a vivid introduction to these complex changes, recognizing the role of the state while explaining new forces like transnational corporations and nongovernmental organizations. Stromquist points to governmental and school policies that can actively shape the future of education at a time of rapid change.

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling
The Social, Economic and Cultural History of School Finance in Sweden, 1840 – 1900

by Johannes Westberg

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-11-24
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 3319404601
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents expert analysis on how the remarkable rise of mass schooling was funded during the nineteenth century. Based on rich source materials from rural Swedish school districts, and drawing up evidence from schooling in countries including France, Germany, England and the U.S., Westberg examines the moral considerations that guided economic practices and sheds new light on how the advent of schooling did not only rest upon monies, but also on grains, firewood and cow fodder. Exploring school districts’ motives and economic culture, this book shows how schooling was neither primarily guided by frugal impulses nor motivated by a fear of the growing working classes. Instead, school spending served multiple purposes in school districts that pursued a fair and reasonable economic practice. In addition to being a highly-detailed case study of Sweden 1840 – 1900 this book also entails a broadening of the theoretical horizon of history of education into social, agrarian and economic history in a wider context. With a focus on different systems of school finance, this work reveals a key change over time: from a largely in-kind system supporting schools in an early phase, followed by an increasingly monetarized, depersonalized and homogenized system of school finance. Boasting an interdisciplinary appeal, this will be a welcome contribution of interest to scholars in the fields of education history, sociology, and economics.

Education, Cultures, and Economics

Education, Cultures, and Economics
Dilemmas for Development

by Angela W. Little,Fiona E. Leach

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1135651701
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume reviews the conflict between economic prescriptions for improved education in the developing world and local cultures. Among the issues reviewed are: conceptions of culture and economics in development and education literature, economic considerations of school systems to promote cultural goals, the differentiation of schools from other sites of cultural reproduction, learning experiences of various cultural groups, and the cross-cultural work of development agencies.

A Glossary of British and American Institutions

A Glossary of British and American Institutions
Politics, Economics, Education, Culture, Social Services

by Marie-José Arquié,Robert Henry,Christophe Poiré

  • Publisher : Armand Colin
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 9782200017118
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Whither Enterprise Culture? Political Economy of Economics and Business Education

Whither Enterprise Culture? Political Economy of Economics and Business Education
A Book

by Sebastian Singarayer,Plymouth Business School

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economics as a Symptom of Sadism

Economics as a Symptom of Sadism
Pathology in American Culture and Education and the Legitimizing Myths that Support it

by Harold Kassel

  • Publisher : Aeon Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 9781595261342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our culture is riddled with myths. We are brainwashed into hero-worshipping celebrities, accepting inequality, and believing lies. This biting analysis of American culture exposes censorship and corruption in economics, the media, education, and Congress. It will set its readers free.

Moral Education in sub-Saharan Africa

Moral Education in sub-Saharan Africa
Culture, Economics, Conflict and AIDS

by Sharlene Swartz,Monica Taylor

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-10-31
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 1317982495
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The term ‘moral’ has had a chequered history in sub-Saharan Africa, mainly due to the legacy of colonialism and Apartheid (in South Africa). In contrast to moral education as a vehicle of cultural imperialism and social control, this volume shows moral education to be concerned with both private and public morality, with communal and national relationships between human beings, as well as between people and their environment. Drawing on distinctive perspectives from philosophy, economics, sociology and education, it offers the African ethic of Ubuntu/Botho as a plausible alternative to Western approaches to morality and shows how African ethics speaks to political and economic life, including ethnic conflict and HIV/AIDS, and may be an antidote to the current practice of timocracy that values money over people. The volume provides sociological tools for understanding the lived morality of those marginalised by poverty, and analyses the effects of culture, religion and modern secularisation on moral education. With contributions from fourteen African scholars, this book challenges dominant frameworks, and begins conversations for mutual benefit across the North-South divide. It has global implications, not just, but especially, where moral education is undertaken in pluralist contexts and in the presence of economic disparity. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Moral Education.

Cultural diplomacy and international economic relations. The influence of french linguistic and cultural policy in higher education in Romania

Cultural diplomacy and international economic relations. The influence of french linguistic and cultural policy in higher education in Romania
A Book

by Nora Praher

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2014-10-13
  • Pages : 51
  • ISBN : 3656766762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 78% i.e First class, University of Birmingham, language: English, abstract: Cultural Diplomacy has played a vital part in the history of France’s international relations. In a report to the Chamber of Deputies on the functioning of the newly established educational and cultural institutes in East Europe in 1900, the French deputy Manuel Boucher set the rhetorical question, "What political operation or armed invasion was ever able, with less expenditure, to produce such important results?" (cited in Haigh 1974, p.22). France’s foreign policy in Central and Eastern Europe focused primarily on Poland and Romania. Political and cultural relations to Romania date back until the 18th century and still today Romania remains to be perceived as a strategic partner for France in Eastern Europe. One reason for this is the fact that Romania remains the most francophone European country whose official language is not French.Nearly a quarter of its population (22.44%) is estimated to be francophone and over half of its pupils at primary and lower secondary level study French. This represents the highest quota in a European country in which French has not the status of an official language (Eurostat 2013).Moreover, Romania has a strong affinity towards French culture and very good, long-standing political relations. According to the current Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta,it are these sound cultural and political relations which foster bilateral economic relations (Baragan, 2013). This allusion to the correlation of culture and economic collaboration represents the premise of this dissertation. The purpose of this research is to attempt an assessment of the long-term impact of France’s educational and cultural policies in Romania under the concept of Cultural Diplomacy for its economic relations with Romania in the late 20th and early 21st century.

General Data on Yugoslavia

General Data on Yugoslavia
Social System, Politics, Education, Culture, Economics, Law, Science

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Economics of Art and Culture

The Economics of Art and Culture
A Book

by James Heilbrun,Charles M. Gray

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2001-04-23
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 1139427687
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 2001 second edition of this survey of the economics of - and public policy towards - the fine arts and performing arts covers arts at federal, state, and local levels in the United States as well as the international arts sector. The work will interest academic readers in the field and scholars of the sociology of the arts, as well as general readers seeking a systematic analysis of the arts. Theoretical concepts are developed from scratch so that readers with no background in economics can follow the argument. The authors look at the arts' historical growth and then examine consumption and production of the live performing arts and the fine arts, the functioning of arts markets, the financial problems of performing arts companies and museums, and the key role of public policy. A final chapter speculates about the future of art and culture in the United States.

The University in a Corporate Culture

The University in a Corporate Culture
A Book

by Eric Gould

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2003-01-01
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 0300087063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past century, higher education in the United States has developed an increasingly powerful corporate ethos, as institutions compete for students, faculty, and funding. This book examines how the liberal democratic principles driving higher education often conflict with market pressures to credential students and offer knowledge that has a clear exchange value. Eric Gould, who has been both academician and college administrator, argues that the failure to structure the curriculum so that it integrates responsible social idealism and humanism with economic and cultural needs constitutes the moral crisis of the university. Gould analyzes the economics and politics of higher education, showing how student consumerism, culture wars, faculty alienation, trustee activism, and a split between the concepts of "culture" and "society" have all resulted from the unholy alliance between pragmatism, corporatism, and liberalism in higher education. He asserts that what is needed is a general education for undergraduates that promotes the ability to critique power relations (including those within higher education) so that students can understand how social forces--and their embodiment of ideas, ideologies, and claims for truth--shape contemporary public philosophy.

Culture and Economics in the Global Community

Culture and Economics in the Global Community
A Framework for Socioeconomic Development

by Kensei Hiwaki

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-05-13
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 1317156102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many of the concepts, values and basic assumptions on which 'modern' economic and business theory is based do not translate into or convey the same meaning in non-European languages or non-Western cultures as they do in Western societies. This results in a mismatch between what Many of the concepts, values and basic assumptions on which 'modern' economic and business theory is based do not translate into or convey the same meaning in non-European languages or non-Western cultures as they do in Western societies. This results in a mismatch between what have now become global economic values and 'local' cultural ones. Kensei Hiwaki considers a new paradigm - that a sound culture is needed to underpin development, employment and trade, and an optimal development path. This concept is discussed against the background of the author's contention that his own Japanese society has succumbed to unsustainable modern tendencies leading to the antithesis of sustainable development and placing the society and economy in a 'credibility trap' into which it is predicted other countries, like China, might also fall. Professor Hiwaki presents a detailed theoretical framework for balanced socioeconomic development relevant to sustainable development of the global community, explaining the pivotal concepts on which it is based, as well as the institutional and practical implications of adopting the paradigm, including new approaches to taxation, employment, trade, multi-media communications, and global governance. Culture and Economics in the Global Community is a challenging but ultimately hopeful book that introduces new perspectives for leaders in the political arena, in business, in development agencies, and to researchers and others with a professional or academic interest in economics, trade, governance and environmental issues, social policy or cultural anthropology.

Encyclopedia of Education Economics and Finance

Encyclopedia of Education Economics and Finance
A Book

by Dominic J. Brewer,Lawrence O. Picus

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release : 2014-08-25
  • Pages : 984
  • ISBN : 1483359832
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economics can be a lens for understanding the behavior of schools, districts, states, and nations in meeting education needs of their populaces, as well as for understanding the individual decisions made by administrators, teachers, and students. Insights from economics help decision makers at the state level understand how to raise and distribute funds for public schools in an equitable manner for both schools and taxpayers. Economics also can assist researchers in analyzing effects of school spending and teacher compensation on student outcomes. And economics can provide important insights into public debates on issues such as whether to offer vouchers for subsidizing student attendance at private schools. This two-volume encyclopedia contains over 300 entries by experts in the field that cover these issues and more. Features: This work of 2 volumes (in both print and electronic formats) contains 300-350 signed entries by significant figures in the field. Entries conclude with cross-references and suggestions for further readings to guide students to in-depth resources. Although organized in A-to-Z fashion, a thematic “Reader’s Guide” in the front matter groups related entries by topic. Also in the front matter, a chronology provides students with historical perspective on the development of education economics and finance as a field of study The entire work concludes with a Resources appendix and a comprehensive Index. In the electronic version, the index, Reader's Guide, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities.

Reproducing Class

Reproducing Class
Education, Neoliberalism, and the Rise of the New Middle Class in Istanbul

by Henry J. Rutz,Erol A. Balkan,Erol M. Balkan

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 9781845455620
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Middle classes are by definition ambiguous, raising all sorts of paradoxical questions, perceived and real, about their power and place relative to those above and below them in a class-structured society. Focusing on families of the new middle class in Istanbul, the authors of this study address questions about the social construction of middle-class reality in the context of the rapid changes that have come about through recent economic growth in global markets and the global diffusion of information technology. After 1980, Turkey saw a structural transformation from state-owned and managed industry, banking, and media and communications to privatization and open markets. The idea of being middle class and the reality of middle-class practices became open for negotiation and interpretation. This study therefore offers a particularly interesting case study of an emergent global phenomenon known as the transnational middle class, characterized by their location of work in globalizing cities, development of transnational social networks, sumptuary consumption habits, and residences in gated communities. As the authors show, this new middle class associates quality education, followed by property and lifestyle issues, with the concept of a comfortable life.

Education, Language, and Economics

Education, Language, and Economics
Growing National and Global Dilemmas

by Macleans A. Geo-JaJa,Suzanne Majhanovich

  • Publisher : Brill - Sense
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9789460911941
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There are two contending opinions with regard to the seemingly amorphous phenomenon of globalization. Some believe that globalization has brought rapid prosperity to developing countries while others argue that globalization best serves the needs of countries of the developed world. Bringing globalization under the microscope of education, this book illustrates how globalization is producing unprecedented impacts on education and culture through a series of country case studies elaborating on effects of economic and educational policies in the modern globalized world. New emphasis on the interplay between state and education policy initiatives in developed and developing countries also illuminates the direct and indirect impact of globalization in equity and quality-driven education reforms, with particular focus on the contribution of marketization or privatization to the ongoing commodification of education and curricula, presenting dilemmas to both developed and developing countries to provide quality education for all, protect human rights, and ensure equity in all realms of human endeavor. This book offers a multiplicity of approaches to education and development, and posits that distributional equity and quality education in a globalized world require a strong state and commitment to social justice to counteract growing disparities evident in educational and economic indices. The authors illustrate how respatialization of the contemporary state is rapidly taking shape in concrete institutions to recast the boundaries of the social, political and economic in fundamental ways. Education, Language, and Economics: Growing National and Global Dilemmas serves as an ideal introduction to key contemporary debates on politics, culture, and the economy.

Culture and Economics

Culture and Economics
On Values, Economics and International Business

by Eelke de Jong

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1134719973
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the early 1990s, culture, in the sense of norms and values, has entered economic analysis again, whereas it was totally absent from mainstream economics during most of the second half of the twentieth century. The disappointing results of mainstream economics and developments in the world economy triggered an awareness of the relevance of the context in which people make decisions. Developments which were triggering this were the unexpected high growth rates in Asia, (the Asian miracle), the transition of previously centrally planned economies and the increased attention for the role of religion after 9/11/2001. Some of the areas this research covers are: The history of culture in economics from Adam Smith to the present The way culture is incorporated into economic analysis Methods used in empirical analysis on culture and economics Culture as an explanatory factor of cross-country difference in institutions and performance Culture appears to be relevant for explaining differences between otherwise similar countries; in particular OECD-countries. Uncertainty avoidance, for example, significantly explains the relative importance of financial markets. This book is the first that provides an overview of the field of culture and economics and will be of use to postgraduate researchers in the field of economics and culture.

A Cultural Contingency Leadership Model for a Multinational Higher Education Joint Venture

A Cultural Contingency Leadership Model for a Multinational Higher Education Joint Venture
A Book

by Frankie P. Albritton (Jr)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 9781109949803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This dissertation addressed the need for empirical research on the leadership of multinational virtual teams (Davis & Bryant, 2003; Early & Gibson, 2002; Ilgen, Lepine, and Hollenbeck, 1997; Prieto & Arias, 1997), particularly in the field of educational leadership (Cheng, 1995). This was accomplished through the development of a model based upon the cultural values discovered through the use of Hofstede's (1980, 2001) Values Survey Module 94 (VSM 94).