Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling
The Social, Economic and Cultural History of School Finance in Sweden, 1840 – 1900

by Johannes Westberg

  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • Release : 2018-07-12
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 9783319821078
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents expert analysis on how the remarkable rise of mass schooling was funded during the nineteenth century. Based on rich source materials from rural Swedish school districts, and drawing up evidence from schooling in countries including France, Germany, England and the U.S., Westberg examines the moral considerations that guided economic practices and sheds new light on how the advent of schooling did not only rest upon monies, but also on grains, firewood and cow fodder. Exploring school districts’ motives and economic culture, this book shows how schooling was neither primarily guided by frugal impulses nor motivated by a fear of the growing working classes. Instead, school spending served multiple purposes in school districts that pursued a fair and reasonable economic practice. In addition to being a highly-detailed case study of Sweden 1840 – 1900 this book also entails a broadening of the theoretical horizon of history of education into social, agrarian and economic history in a wider context. With a focus on different systems of school finance, this work reveals a key change over time: from a largely in-kind system supporting schools in an early phase, followed by an increasingly monetarized, depersonalized and homogenized system of school finance. Boasting an interdisciplinary appeal, this will be a welcome contribution of interest to scholars in the fields of education history, sociology, and economics.

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling
The Social, Economic and Cultural History of School Finance in Sweden, 1840 – 1900

by Johannes Westberg

  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • Release : 2016-12-23
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 9783319404592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents expert analysis on how the remarkable rise of mass schooling was funded during the nineteenth century. Based on rich source materials from rural Swedish school districts, and drawing up evidence from schooling in countries including France, Germany, England and the U.S., Westberg examines the moral considerations that guided economic practices and sheds new light on how the advent of schooling did not only rest upon monies, but also on grains, firewood and cow fodder. Exploring school districts’ motives and economic culture, this book shows how schooling was neither primarily guided by frugal impulses nor motivated by a fear of the growing working classes. Instead, school spending served multiple purposes in school districts that pursued a fair and reasonable economic practice. In addition to being a highly-detailed case study of Sweden 1840 – 1900 this book also entails a broadening of the theoretical horizon of history of education into social, agrarian and economic history in a wider context. With a focus on different systems of school finance, this work reveals a key change over time: from a largely in-kind system supporting schools in an early phase, followed by an increasingly monetarized, depersonalized and homogenized system of school finance. Boasting an interdisciplinary appeal, this will be a welcome contribution of interest to scholars in the fields of education history, sociology, and economics.

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling

Funding the Rise of Mass Schooling
The Social, Economic and Cultural History of School Finance in Sweden, 1840 – 1900

by Johannes Westberg

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-11-24
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 3319404601
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents expert analysis on how the remarkable rise of mass schooling was funded during the nineteenth century. Based on rich source materials from rural Swedish school districts, and drawing up evidence from schooling in countries including France, Germany, England and the U.S., Westberg examines the moral considerations that guided economic practices and sheds new light on how the advent of schooling did not only rest upon monies, but also on grains, firewood and cow fodder. Exploring school districts’ motives and economic culture, this book shows how schooling was neither primarily guided by frugal impulses nor motivated by a fear of the growing working classes. Instead, school spending served multiple purposes in school districts that pursued a fair and reasonable economic practice. In addition to being a highly-detailed case study of Sweden 1840 – 1900 this book also entails a broadening of the theoretical horizon of history of education into social, agrarian and economic history in a wider context. With a focus on different systems of school finance, this work reveals a key change over time: from a largely in-kind system supporting schools in an early phase, followed by an increasingly monetarized, depersonalized and homogenized system of school finance. Boasting an interdisciplinary appeal, this will be a welcome contribution of interest to scholars in the fields of education history, sociology, and economics.

School Acts and the Rise of Mass Schooling

School Acts and the Rise of Mass Schooling
Education Policy in the Long Nineteenth Century

by Johannes Westberg,Lukas Boser,Ingrid Brühwiler

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-10
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 3030135705
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines school acts in the long nineteenth century, traditionally considered as milestones or landmarks in the process of achieving universal education. Guided by a strong interest in social, cultural, and economic history, the case studies featured in the book rethink the actual value, the impact, and the ostensible purpose of school acts. The thirteen national case studies focus on the manner in which school acts were embedded in their particular historical contexts, offering a comprehensive and multidisciplinary overview of school acts and the role they played in the rise of mass schooling. Drawing together research from countries across the West, the editors and contributors analyse why these acts were passed, as well as their content and impact. This seminal collection will appeal to students and scholars of school acts and the history of mass schooling. Chapter 9 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com

Globalization and the Rise of Mass Education

Globalization and the Rise of Mass Education
A Book

by David Mitch,Gabriele Cappelli

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-10-24
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 3030254178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited collection explores the historical determinants of the rise of mass schooling and human capital accumulation based on a global, long-run perspective, focusing on a variety of countries in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa and the Americas. The authors analyze the increasing importance attached to globalization as a factor in how social, institutional and economic change shapes national and regional educational trends. Although recent research in economic history has increasingly devoted more attention to global forces in shaping the institutions and fortunes of different world regions, the link and contrast between national education policies and the forces of globalization remains largely under-researched within the field. The globalization of the world economy, starting in the nineteenth century, brought about important changes that affected school policy itself, as well as the process of long-term human capital accumulation. Large migrations prompted brain drain and gain across countries, alongside rapid transformations in the sectoral composition of the economy and demand for skills. Ideas on education and schooling circulated more easily, bringing about relevant changes in public policy, while the changing political voice of winners and losers from globalization determined the path followed by public choice. Similarly, religion and the spread of missions came to play a crucial role for the rise of schooling globally.

Making Education: Material School Design and Educational Governance

Making Education: Material School Design and Educational Governance
A Book

by Ian Grosvenor,Lisa Rosén Rasmussen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-08
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : 3319970194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together the notions of material school design and educational governance in the first such text to address this critical interrelationship in any depth. In addressing the issue of governance through analysing current and historical material school designs, it looks at the intersection of politics, economics, aesthetics and pedagogical ideas and practices. More specifically, it explores and unfolds educational governance as it is constituted, materialized and transformed in and through material school designs. It does so by studying a range of issues: from the material and aesthetic language of schooling to the design of the built environment, from spatial organization to the furnishing and equipment of classrooms, and from technologies of regulation to the incorporation of tools of learning. The book presents examples from Europe, Latin and Central America and the United States, and relates to the past, present and future of governance and school design. It focuses on design processes and on designers/architects and people involved in the planning of school design, as well as on school leaders, teachers and pupils adopting, inhabiting and re-shaping them in everyday school life. Furthermore, the book discusses how to study governance by material school design, and how to act upon governance by material design on wishful, actual and ethical terms.

Principles and Practice of Informal Education

Principles and Practice of Informal Education
Learning Through Life

by Linda Deer Richardson,Mary Wolfe

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2004-11-23
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1134605188
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new and exciting text is aimed at informal educators involved in youth work, community work and adult education and health promotion. The contributors explore the principles and practice of informal education and focus, in particular, on the notion of 'working with' which is central to practice, in this sector. The book argues for an approach which is relevant to a number of professional fields and which focuses on a way of working rather than upon a specific target group. The book looks at the role of an educator in informal education and youth work settings. Comprehensive and analytical, it looks at social, cultural and political contexts of education. The authors discuss the practical side of teaching from the setting, programme planning and communication to activity-based work, one-to-one case work, formal group work and managing the work load. Finally the book analyses developing professional practice, the use of line management and supervision, and evaluation of work.

The Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History

The Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History
A Book

by Robert M. Whaples,Randall E. Parker

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-01-17
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1135121214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History aims to introduce readers to important approaches and findings of economic historians who study the modern world. Its short chapters reflect the most up-to-date research and are written by well-known economic historians who are authorities on their subjects. Modern economic history blends two approaches – Cliometrics (which focuses on measuring economic variables and explicitly testing theories about the historical performance and development of the economy) and the New Institutional Economics (which focuses on how social, cultural, legal and organizational norms and rules shape economic outcomes and their evolution). Part 1 of the Handbook introduces these approaches and other important methodological issues for economic history. The most fundamental shift in the economic history of the world began about two and a half centuries ago when eons of slow economic change and faltering economic growth gave way to sustained, rapid economic expansion. Part 2 examines this theme and the primary forces economic historians have linked to economic growth, stagnation and fluctuations – including technological change, entrepreneurship, competition, the biological environment, war, financial panics and business cycles. Part 3 examines the evolution of broad sectors that typify a modern economy including agriculture, banking, transportation, health care, housing, and entertainment. It begins by examining an equally important "sector" of the economy which scholars have increasingly analyzed using economic tools – religion. Part 4 focuses on the work force and human outcomes including inequality, labor markets, unions, education, immigration, slavery, urbanization, and the evolving economic roles of women and African-Americans. The text will be of great value to those taking economic history courses as well as a reference book useful to professional practitioners, policy makers and the public.

Growing Public: Volume 1, The Story

Growing Public: Volume 1, The Story
Social Spending and Economic Growth Since the Eighteenth Century

by Peter H. Lindert

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2004-01-12
  • Pages : 377
  • ISBN : 9780521529167
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Growing Public examines the question of whether social policies that redistribute income impose constraints on economic growth. Taxes and transfers have been debated for centuries, but only now can we get a clear view of the whole evolution of social spending. Lindert argues that, contrary to the intuition of many economists and the ideology of many politicians, social spending has contributed to, rather than inhibited, economic growth.

Governance, Growth and Global Leadership

Governance, Growth and Global Leadership
The Role of the State in Technological Progress, 1750–2000

by Dr Espen Moe

  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • Release : 2013-06-28
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1409479706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the role of the state in promoting a country's long-term technological progress and industrial leadership. Throughout history, a nation's rise to dominance has invariably been followed by its fall; the dominant powers of today are not the same ones that controlled the world three hundred years ago. In the same manner, economic dominance has usually been fleeting, as leading nations have routinely been caught up and surpassed by challengers. This study looks at Schumpeterian growth - currently the most important source of economic growth - which credits the ability to use technological progress for the benefit of industrial leadership as the key motor of national development and economic success. Contrasting the experiences of five great powers (Britain, France, Germany, the USA and Japan) during five periods of technological and industrial leadership, from the Industrial Revolution to the beginning of the twenty-first century, the book draws on historical and comparative methods to draw causal inferences about international progress and leadership. It explores various factors that promote or hinder technological advancement and how these can in turn effect national development. It concludes that where states have forged ahead and maintained a lead over their rivals, it is because consensus and cohesion prevented vested interests from growing powerful enough to block structural economic change. By applying economic theory to long-term historical models, this book offers a fascinating perspective on the causes and effects of national growth and industrial leadership. It will be invaluable reading for anyone with an interest in international relations and global economic trends, both modern and historical.

Rethinking Vocationalism

Rethinking Vocationalism
Whose Work/life is It?

by Rebecca Coulter,Ivor F. Goodson,Our Schools/Our Selves Education Foundation

  • Publisher : James Lorimer & Company
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9780921908159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vocational education can either reinforce or challenge dominant ideology: students can learn to accept and fit into a workplace, or to change it. How we understand the links between knowledge and work will significantly affect our ability to make important political and strategic decisions about education in general and about vocational education in particular. The old questions about education--who controls education? whose interests are served by the education system?--assume new urgency in an era of global restructuring. The contributors to Rethinking Vocationalism examine these questions from a variety of enlightening perspectives. An Our Schools/Our Selves book.

Training For What?

Training For What?
Labour Perspectives on Job Training

by André Beckerman

  • Publisher : James Lorimer & Company
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9780921908128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Are government-sponsored training programs a route to greater management control of the workplace, or to labour freedom? Today as at the time of the book's publication in 1992, training is prominent in public policy and political life. The authors in this collection maintain that it is central to management initiatives aimed at the restructuring of the workplace, and that governments rely on it as a substitute for coherent industrial policy. On the other hand, it can enhance workers' skills, improve working conditions and build a more a more democratic working life. Training for What? is a collection of papers examining occupational training as a tool of ongoing political struggle in the workplace. An Our Schools/Our Selves book.

Resources in Education

Resources in Education
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex in Schools

Sex in Schools
Canadian Education & Sexual Regulation

by Our Schools/Our Selves Education Foundation

  • Publisher : James Lorimer & Company
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 9780921908197
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction Susan Prentice Chapter One "Don't Judge Us Too Quick": Writing About Teenage Girls and Sex Susan Belyea and Karen Dubinsky Chapter Two Queer Selves/Queer in Schools: Young Men and Sexualities Blye Frank Chapter Three Sex at the Board or Keeping Children From Sexual Knowledge Mary Louise Adams Chapter Four Opening the Classroom Closet: Dealing with Sexual Orientation at the Toronto Board of Education John Campey, Tim McCaskell, John Miller and Vanessa Russell Chapter Five "Illicit" Sexuality and Public Education, 1840-1907 Bruce Curtis Chapter Six High School Confidential Ellen James Bibliography Contributors

The Globalization Reader

The Globalization Reader
A Book

by Frank J. Lechner,John Boli

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-10-13
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 1118737024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Completely revised and updated, the fifth edition of this well-regarded textbook charts key topics and recent research in globalization along with the latest complexities and controversies in the field. Includes a new section on globalization and identity and new readings on global inequality, mental illness, structural violence, microfinance, blood diamonds, world citizenship, the global justice movement, and sumo wrestling Contains essential, thought-provoking readings by prominent scholars, activists, and organizations on the many dimensions of globalization, from political and economic issues to cultural and experiential ones Examines foundational topics, such as the experience of globalization, economic and political globalization, the role of media and religion in cultural globalization, women’s rights, environmentalism, global civil society, and the alternative globalization movement Retains the helpful student features from prior editions, including an accessible format, concise introductions to major topics, stimulating examples, and discussion questions for each selection and section

Growing Public: Volume 2, Further Evidence

Growing Public: Volume 2, Further Evidence
Social Spending and Economic Growth since the Eighteenth Century

by Peter H. Lindert

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2004-04-19
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 1139453580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Growing Public examines the question of whether social policies that redistribute income impose constraints on economic growth. What kept prospering nations from using taxes for social programs until the end of the nineteenth century? Why did taxes and spending then grow so much, and what are the prospects for social spending in this century? Why did North America become a leader in public education in some ways and not others? Lindert finds answers in the economic history and logic of political voice, population ageing, and income growth. Contrary to traditional beliefs, the net national costs of government social programs are virtually zero. This book not only shows that no Darwinian mechanism has punished the welfare states, but uses history to explain why this surprising result makes sense. Contrary to the intuition of many economists and the ideology of many politicians, social spending has contributed to, rather than inhibited, economic growth.

Globalization, International Education Policy and Local Policy Formation

Globalization, International Education Policy and Local Policy Formation
Voices from the Developing World

by Carolyn A. Brown

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-10-13
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9400741650
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume focuses on how international education policy, set by international policymakers and donors, influences local education policy in developing countries. The book’s primary purpose is to give voice to scholars from developing countries and regions around the world by inviting them to explore how the international policy, invariably linked to international aid, influences education policy formation and implementation in their country or region and how this influence does or does not meet the local cultural, social, economic, and political needs. A relatively recent and small body of research and commentary supports a discourse that questions how well international education policy mandates such as Education For All serve the needs of developing countries. The intent of this book is to advance this discourse by giving voice to local scholars who observe and study the donor process. The book will be divided into two sections: the first section will set the stage for the discussions in the second section by providing theoretical and historical context for international education policy. As a framework for understanding, the book adopts the position that international policy does not have either the ability or the intent to serve the widely diverse needs of development around the world. International education policy has been formed, historically, by wealthy nations and agencies dominated by Western theoretical paradigms. In recent years, donor countries have made an effort to collaborate with developing countries in developing international education policy goals; however, this collaboration has been limited. Following establishment of the context of international education policy, section II of the book provides a forum for scholars from around the world to openly discuss and critique the impact of international policy on education in their country or region.

National Differences, Global Similarities

National Differences, Global Similarities
World Culture and the Future of Schooling

by David Baker,Gerald K. LeTendre

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9780804750219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using US schools as a reference point, this book provides a description of schooling as a global institution. The authors draw on a four-year investigation conducted in 47 countries that examined many aspects of K-12 schooling. They discuss how world trends and the forces behind them will work to shape the directions education may take.

Globalization, Mass Education and Technical and Vocational Education and Training

Globalization, Mass Education and Technical and Vocational Education and Training
The Influence of UNESCO in Botswana and Namibia

by Miriam Preckler Galguera

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-05
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 3319911074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book assesses the influence of the international organization UNESCO on the development of national Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) systems in the Southern African Community Region (SADC), focusing particularly on Botswana and Namibia. Designed around UNESCO’s Better Education for Africa’s Rise (BEAR) project, the study is an excellent example of applied policy research. Analysis is from the perspective of key stakeholders including UNESCO headquarters and field offices, Ministries of Education and of Labor, employers and employees, education and training institutions, international partners and more. Both qualitative and quantitative evidence are used to provide a comparative overview, and the author also reveals the current state of data on skills. Readers will discover common goals and challenges across the nations but also a common lack of action to measure the impact and influence that UNESCO’s programs have had at a national level, prior to this study. Were the newly implemented educational policies successful or not? If the public policies failed, why was that? These chapters shed light on such questions and how UNESCO's contribution influenced the national development processes, in the context of globalization processes and trends of global mass education. The book has much to offer for both scholars and those working in UN agencies or national governments who seek to develop education systems and better link them to the world of work.

Multi-Level Governance in Universities

Multi-Level Governance in Universities
Strategy, Structure, Control

by Jetta Frost,Fabian Hattke,Markus Reihlen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-06-03
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 3319326783
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Governing universities is a multi-level as well as a highly paradoxical endeavor. The featured studies in this book examine critically the multifaceted repercussions of changing governance logics and show how contradictory demands for scholarly peer control, market responsiveness, public policy control, and democratization create governance paradoxes. While a large body of academic literature has been focusing on the external governance of universities, this book shifts the focus on organizations’ internal characteristics, thus contributing to a deeper understanding of the changing governance in universities. The book follows exigent calls for getting back to the heart of organization theory when studying organizational change and turns attention to strategies, structures, and control mechanisms as distinctive but interrelated elements of organizational designs. We take a multi-level approach to explore how universities develop strategies in order to cope with changes in their institutional environment (macro level), how universities implement these strategies in their structures and processes (meso level), and how universities design mechanisms to control the behavior of their members (micro level). As universities are highly complex knowledge-based organizations, their modus operandi, i.e. governing strategies, structures, and controls, needs to be responsive to the multiplicity of demands coming from both inside and outside the organization.