Globalization and Educational Reform

Globalization and Educational Reform
What Planners Need to Know

by Martin Carnoy,International Institute for Educational Planning,Unesco

  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Globalisation puts most governments under pressure to reduce the growth of public spending on education and to find other sources of income for the expected expansion of education systems. In conflict with this is the shift of economic production to knowledge-based intensive products and processes, meaning that the demand for higher education is rising worldwide. In addition, the need for more highly educated low cost labour tends to expand women's educational opportunities, especially in countries where there was resistance to equal access to education for them. Globalised information networks mean the transformation of world culture, but many groups feel marginalised by the market values of this new culture.

Globalization

Globalization
Educational Research, Change and Reform

by Nicholas Sun-keung Pang

  • Publisher : Chinese University Press
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9789629962685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bringing together a group of international authors, this book attempts to examine the effects of globalization on educational policies and practices under the following themes: (1) the roles of educational research in the era of globalization and how comparative education can contribute to such investigation; (2) the relationships between the development of higher education and globalization in different countries; and (3) the impacts of globalization on school education and how schools can respond to the challenges ahead.

Policy Borrowing and Reform in Education

Policy Borrowing and Reform in Education
Globalized Processes and Local Contexts

by Laura M. Portnoi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-29
  • Pages : 247
  • ISBN : 1137530243
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the intersections of globalization, policy borrowing, and educational reform. Drawing upon multiple disciplines, it provides a comprehensive overview of globalization’s history, processes, theories, and trends, both generally and in education specifically. The book includes an in-depth discussion of policy borrowing, emphasizing its political nature, to provide an understanding of globalization’s impact on education. Portnoi interrogates the dominance of the Global North and the influence of the global governance organizations that serve as the core of the aid and development regime. Using a critical perspective, Portnoi emphasizes the manner in which local agents intervene to mediate the forces of globalization. The book provides a comprehensive foundation for students and scholars of comparative education and associated disciplines, including social foundations, educational policy, teacher education, higher education, globalization studies, sociology of education, and policy studies.

Globalization and Education

Globalization and Education
Critical Perspectives

by Nicholas C. Burbules,Carlos Alberto Torres

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-12-16
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1136679979
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

How NGOs React

How NGOs React
Globalization and Education Reform in the Caucasus, Central Asia and Mongolia

by Iveta Silova,Gita Steiner-Khamsi

  • Publisher : Kumarian Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 1565492579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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* Critical retrospective on the first decades of the transition from planned to free-market economy in Central Asia * Contributions from both Eastern and Western scholars * Includes both theoretical NGO research and practical examples taken from experience During the important, early years of transition for the post-socialist countries in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Mongolia, the Open Society Institute/Soros Foundation was arguably the largest and most influential network in the region. How NGOs React follows the Soros Foundation's educational reform programs there and raises larger questions about the role of NGOs in a centralist government, relationships NGOs have with international donors and development banks, and how projects are adopted and interpreted in different contexts. Case studies (authored by former or current educational experts of the Soros Network based in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) look at the impact of capacity-building programs, the professional development of teachers, school administrators, government officials, textbook authors, publishers, teacher educators, and university lecturers, among others. Soros's particular focus on capacity-building and how this strategy was adopted across a wide area reveals much that will instruct NGOs working in international education policy. The unique combination of perspectives from Western as well as Eastern scholars based in the region makes this collection an essential retrospective on key processes involved in the transformation of closed societies into open and free ones.

Decentralisation, School-Based Management, and Quality

Decentralisation, School-Based Management, and Quality
A Book

by Joseph Zajda,David T. Gamage

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-08-21
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 9789048127030
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, which is the eighth volume in the 12-volume book series Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research, presents scholarly research on major discourses in decentralisation, school-based management (SBM) and quality in education globally. This book, which focuses on decentralisation and SBM as a governance strategy in education, presents theoretical aspects of the phenomenon of decentralisation/privatisation and contextualises them within the education research literature. It provides an easily accessible, practical yet scholarly source of information concerning the dynamics of decentralisation and SBM that normally take place when reforms are instituted to decentralize authority and power. Above all, the authors offering the latest findings regarding major discourses in dec- tralisation, SBM and quality in educational systems in the global culture emphasise aspects of that dynamic interactive process (see also Geo-JaJa 2006a; Gamage and Sooksomchitra 2006, Zajda 2009). This dynamic interaction in the process that is implicit in the title of the book is reified by calls for restructuring of schools f- lowing the idea that schools are not promoting human rights, social cohesion and sustainable development. The chapters as a source book of ideas for researchers, practitioners and policy makers in decentralisation and SBM in education contr- ute to the educational literature while enhancing the understanding of the larger dynamics involved in educational reform. It offers a timely overview of current issues affecting decentralisation in education in the global culture.

Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan

Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan
A Book

by Jie Qi,Sheng Ping Zhang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 11
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the educational reform in Japan has been turning gradually toward globalization. However, this paper is trying to interrupt the notion that such globalization has constructed various notions of citizenship and nationalism. Firstly, we argue that the Japanese version of globalization is associated with Westernization, especially Americanization economically and philosophically. Secondly, nationalism is a counter-reaction to globalization. Making contribution to the world society actually is to have a political influence in the world and even to spread the Japanese culture to the rest of the world. Thirdly, although it is common that Japanese companies make inroads into foreign markets, and foreign companies make inroads into Japanese markets, nationalism has become more intense in Japan. This paper concludes by pointing out that the Japanese globalization is an organizational-institutional globalization.

The Politics of Education Reforms

The Politics of Education Reforms
A Book

by Joseph Zajda,Macleans A. Geo-JaJa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-26
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 9789048132188
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Politics of Education Reforms, which is the ninth volume in the 12-volume book series Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research, presents scholarly research on major discourses concerning the politics of education reforms globally. It provides an easily accessible, practical yet scholarly source of information about recent developments in globalisation, comparative edu- tion and education reforms. Above all, the book offers the latest findings to the critical issues concerning major discourses surrounding education reforms in the global culture. It is a sourcebook of ideas for researchers, practitioners and policy makers in education, and schooling around the world. It offers a timely overview of current policy issues affecting research in comparative education of education reforms. It provides directions in education, and policy research, relevant to p- gressive pedagogy, social change and transformational educational reforms in the twenty-first century. The book critically examines the overall interplay between the state, ideology and current discourses of education reforms in the global culture. It draws upon recent studies in the areas of globalisation, academic achievement, standards, equity and the role of the State (Carnoy 1999; Zajda 2008a, b). It explores c- ceptual frameworks and methodological approaches applicable in the research covering the State, globalisation, and quality-driven education reforms. It dem- strates the neo-liberal ideological imperatives of education and policy reform, affecting schooling globally (see also Zajda 2005). Various book chapters critique the dominant discourses and debates pertaining to comparative education d- courses on reforms and neo-liberal ideology in education.

Globalization and Education

Globalization and Education
Integration and Contestation Across Cultures

by Nelly P. Stromquist,Karen Monkman

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 9780847699193
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With increased opportunites for interaction and learning, education around the world is becoming transformed. These essays strive to provide a thorough examination of the impact these changes are having on how education is defined, whom it serves, and how it is assessed around the world. Topics incl: -- Conceptual issues: Globalization and internationalism; educational reform; curriculum inquiry. -- Globalization impact in educational sectors: European & South African Universities; community colleges; labor markets, gender, schooling & work; Adult education. -- Case Studies of Globalization Impacts: Commonwealth Caribbean; Japan; Lesoto; Mexico; South Africa; Malaysia; Australia.

New Paradigm for Re-engineering Education

New Paradigm for Re-engineering Education
Globalization, Localization and Individualization

by Yin Cheong Cheng

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-01-17
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 1402036205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In response to the challenges of globalization and local development, educational reforms are inevitably becoming one of the major trends in the Asia-Pacific Region or other parts of the world. Based on the most recent research and international observations, this book aims to present a new paradigm including various new concepts, frameworks and theories for reengineering education. This book has 21 chapters in three sections. Section I "New Paradigm of Educational Reform" containing eight chapters, illustrates the new paradigm and frameworks of reengineering education, fostering human development and analysing reform policies and also discusses the trends and challenges of educational reforms in the Asia-Pacific Region. Section II "New Paradigm of Educational Leadership" with five chapters aims to elaborate how the nature, role and practice of school leadership can be transformed towards a new paradigm and respond to the three waves of education reforms. Section III "Reengineering School Management for Effectiveness" with eight chapters aims to provide various practical frameworks for reengineering school management processes and implementing changes in school practices.

Globalization and Marketization in Education

Globalization and Marketization in Education
A Comparative Analysis of Hong Kong and Singapore

by Ka-Ho Mok,Jason Tan

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2004-01-01
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 9781781956342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mok (humanities and social sciences, City U. of Hong Kong) and Tan (education policy and management, Nanyang Technological U., Singapore) review the strategies their two governments have adopted to reform the education systems in response to the growing impact of globalization. They focus on financing, provision, and regulation. The two countries a.

Handbook of Education Policy Studies

Handbook of Education Policy Studies
Values, Governance, Globalization, and Methodology, Volume 1

by Guorui Fan,Thomas S. Popkewitz

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-02
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 9811383472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access handbook brings together the latest research from a wide range of internationally influential scholars to analyze educational policy research from international, historical and interdisciplinary perspectives. By effectively breaking through the boundaries between countries and disciplines, it presents new theories, techniques and methods for contemporary education policy, and illustrates the educational policies and educational reform practices that various countries have introduced to meet the challenges of continuous change. Based on an analysis of the nature of education policy and education reform, this volume focuses on education reform and the concept of education quality. Adopting a historical and comparative perspective, it examines the dialectical relationship between education policy and education reform in various countries, assesses theoretical and practical issues in the process of moving from regulation to multiple governance in contemporary education administration, and explores the impact of globalization on national education reform and the interdependence between countries. In addition, it presents studies addressing educational policy research methodology from multiple perspectives. Highlighting the changes in national education macro policies, this volume comprehensively reveals the complex relationship between contemporary education reform and social change, and explores the links between contemporary social, political and economic systems and educational policy research and practice, offering a holistic portrait of macro trends in contemporary education reform.

Globalization of Knowledge and Its Impact on Higher Education Reform in Transitioning States

Globalization of Knowledge and Its Impact on Higher Education Reform in Transitioning States
The Case of Russia

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Stanford University
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this dissertation is to try and understand the mechanisms that the Russian State uses to reform higher education, and thus help ensure its legitimacy, within the context of the new global knowledge economy. Most of the discussions to-date on the globalization of knowledge, the role of higher education, and their combined impact on states' competitiveness, focus on developed or developing countries. Very little discussion surrounds the issues faced by countries in economic and political transition. Countries in transition are frequently torn in two opposing directions: it is necessary for them to focus inward for their own internal stability and growth, yet they are very cognizant of the need to integrate into the world economy and correctly direct their internal growth towards international competitiveness. Often, the pull between authoritarian tendencies and liberal economic necessities paralyzes such a State's ability to definitively choose the most appropriate path for growth. Contemporary Russia exemplifies these contradictory tendencies and necessities. While all of the countries in the former Soviet Union participated in the same economic and social system for a good part of the last century, Russia is possibly the closest to the innovation centers in the West in terms of research culture and history, its current educational and technological capabilities, and its professed desire to compete equally in the new global economy. Given Russia's long history and strong tradition of higher education, particularly in the sciences, the country stands to gain from participating in this new global arena. Yet the result will depend on the future of its higher education system. Because of Russia's apparent uncertainty about its political direction, the Russian higher education system faces important questions about how institutional reform will take place and the future of the system's relationship with a State that is itself going through complex changes. The globalization of knowledge required by an integrated world economic system has ramifications for each country's system of higher education. In light of these new global demands and expectations, how does a traditionally authoritarian and nationalistic state in economic and political transition respond to these new global demands for improving higher educational quality, and to internal demands for greater institutional autonomy? Is an authoritarian state able to rationalize its financial constraints with the societal expectation of mass equitable access to higher education, against the pressure to make the national economy more globally competitive? To answer the aforementioned questions requires a theoretical framework that takes into account the relationship between State governance structures and higher educational institutions, while simultaneously taking into consideration how the State reacts to increasing global pressures and expectations. The Russian State is defined in this dissertation as an arena in which political power is contested by the country's economic and political elites. At the same time the State realizes it must represent a majority of the populace in order not to jeopardize its hold on power. It does this primarily through legitimation of its actions by providing social services. Contestation takes place when a State is trying to recreate its power at the same time it is trying to be legitimized. The main contestation therefore is not necessarily within and among the elites, but between the elites and the population as a whole. To be seen as legitimate, the State will try and provide good services for the populace to satisfy their demands and thus minimize contestation. However, this provision of services is only for as long as the populace does not attempt to interfere with the State's version of power. The provision of social goods serves as a "social contract" between the ruling elites and the larger population. The educational system

Contesting the Global Development of Sustainable and Inclusive Education

Contesting the Global Development of Sustainable and Inclusive Education
Education Reform and the Challenges of Neoliberal Globalization

by Antonio Teodoro

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-03-25
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 1000064298
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Documenting the outcomes from three decades of transnational research conducted under the leadership of António Teodoro, this volume offers a robust scaffolding of the social and political context in which global education is being challenged by the contradictions of neoliberalism, globalization, deregulation, governance, and democracy. Contesting the Global Development of Sustainable and Inclusive Education presents outcomes from transnational studies conducted in response to global policies advocating the development of sustainable and inclusive education for all. Chapters map the impacts of globalization on education policy and consider how international organizations are shaping national education reforms. Focusing on questions of social justice, the volume asks how the neoliberal strategies enacted by national governments are affecting the work of teachers as well as curriculum, teacher training, and assessment. Finally, the text asks whether there are alternatives to financially-driven, competition-based reforms that might better position education as an action project for social justice. This volume will be of interest to postgraduate students, scholars, researchers and policymakers in the fields of global education, comparative education, and education policy.

Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum

Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum
From Policy to Classroom

by Zongyi Deng,S Gopinathan,Christine Kim-Eng Lee

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-27
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 9814451576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides a multi-faceted and critical analysis of the Singapore curriculum in relation to globalization. First, it details reform initiatives established by the Singapore government to meet the challenges posed by globalization. Next, Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum presents how these reforms have been translated into programs, school subjects and operational frameworks and then examines, in turn, how well these have been implemented in schools and classrooms across the country. Through this examination, the book reveals how the initiatives, together with their curricular translation and classroom enactment, reflect on the one hand global features and tendencies and, on the other, distinct national traditions, concerns and practices. It brings to light a set of issues, problems and challenges that not only concern policymakers, educators and reformers in Singapore but also those in other countries as well. Written by curriculum scholars, policy analysts, researchers and teacher educators, Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum offers an up-to-date reference for postgraduate students, scholars and researchers in the areas of curriculum and instruction, comparative education, educational sociology, educational policy and leadership in Singapore, the Asia Pacific region and beyond. It also offers a vital contribution to the story of modern education around the globe: providing international students, scholars and researchers valuable insights into curriculum and curriculum reform for the 21st century.

The Politics of Education Reforms

The Politics of Education Reforms
A Book

by Joseph Zajda,Macleans A. Geo-Jaja

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010-09-08
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9789048132195
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Globalization and Change in Higher Education

Globalization and Change in Higher Education
The Political Economy of Policy Reform in Europe

by Beverly Barrett

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-07
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 3319523686
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book sets out political economy explanations for higher education policy reform in Europe in the initial decades of the 21st century. With a sustained focus on the national level of policy implementation, institutional change is considered in relationship to broader trends in economic development and globalization. Since the concept of a “Europe of Knowledge” was presented by the European Commission in 1997, the pursuit of global competitiveness sets the context for the international initiative of the Bologna Process that has created the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Growing from 29 to 48 participating countries, there are three core explanations for change in the policy process: globalization (economic), intergovernmentalism (political), and Europeanization (social). As part of multi-method research analysis, this book presents qualitative case studies on Portugal and Spain to consider points of comparison, including national governance history and modernization of higher education institutions. The structure of government in these countries affects the policy reforms. Ultimately, the Bologna Process serves as a model for integration of higher education reform in other world regions. This book is essential reading for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of education, economics, and public policy.

Globalization and Education

Globalization and Education
The Quest for Quality Education in Hong Kong

by Joshua Ka-ho Mok,David Kin-keung Chan

  • Publisher : Hong Kong University Press
  • Release : 2001-12-01
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9622095577
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growing impact of globalization has affected educational development in many parts of the globe. In order to maintain national competitiveness in the global marketplace, governments across the world have started to review their education systems and introduce different reform initiatives in education in order to enhance the global capacity of their citizens. This book adopts the wider perspective of globalization in order to examine and critically reflect upon the origin, evolution and development of the Quality Education Movement in Hong Kong. It pays particular attention to how Hong Kong's education has been affected by the global trend to economic rationalism and managerialism. More specifically, the major aim of this book is to examine and analyse the most recent reform measures adopted by the HKSAR in its quest for quality education in Hong Kong. This book is divided into four parts. Part One provides the theoretical/conceptual framework and historical context for the book. Part Two focuses on approaches to quality education. Part Three focuses on policy change and education reforms that are operationalized in school and higher education institutions. Part Four is a reflection and conclusion. The editors discuss the impacts and the costs of managerialism in the education sector, and suggest the kind of policy implications it might have when adopting a managerial approach in education.

Globalisation, Education, and Reform in Brunei Darussalam

Globalisation, Education, and Reform in Brunei Darussalam
A Book

by Le Ha Phan,Asiyah Kumpoh,Keith Wood,Rosmawijah Jawawi,Hardimah Said

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-09-13
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 3030771199
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the intertwined relationships between globalisation, nation-building, education, and reform as manifested throughout the modern history of Brunei Darussalam, an Islamic monarchy located on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It is the first book dedicated to the examination of Brunei’s education system, schooling, teacher education, and society in close connection with the national philosophy Melayu Islam Beraja (MIB) or Malay Islamic Monarchy. The authors provide a historical understanding of the country’s education and tell Brunei’s story of educational reform and change in its own language, narratives, accounts, and unique standpoints. Interdisciplinary chapters draw on significant historical and textual sources in three languages, namely Arabic, English, and Malay, to contribute to scholarship on education studies, international and comparative education, and international and development education.

Education Reform and Education Policy in East Asia

Education Reform and Education Policy in East Asia
A Book

by Ka-Ho Mok

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9780415368148
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examining how the increasingly interdependent economic system has driven policy change and education reform, Ka Ho Mok assesses the impact of globalization on the education systems of key East Asian countries, including China, Hong Kong, Japan, and the "tiger economies" of South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore.