Hermann Cohen's Critical Idealism

Hermann Cohen's Critical Idealism
A Book

by Reinier W. Munk

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-07-19
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 1402040474
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen (1842-1918) is an original systematic thinker and representative of the Marburg School of Critical Idealism. The Marburg School was a leading school in German academic philosophy and in German Jewish philosophy for a period of over thirty years preceding the First World War. Initially standing at the front of the ‘Return to Kant’ movement, Cohen subsequently went beyond Kant in developing a system of critical idealism in which he offered a critique of and alternative to absolute idealism, positivism, and materialism. A critical idealist in heart and soul, Cohen is also recognized as a man who embodied German Jewish culture. Publications on Cohen in the English language are small in number and this volume aims to fill the gap. It offers an analysis of Cohen’s System of Philosophy - the three-volume classic on logic, ethics, and aesthetics - and his writings on Judaism and religion. The book highlights Cohen’s contributions in these fields, including his discussions with Maimonides, Leibniz, Kant, and Hegel. It demonstrates the congeniality of Cohen’s critical idealism as expounded in the System and his writings on Judaism, and offers an overview of contemporary Cohen research.

Critical Philosophy of Hermann Cohen, The

Critical Philosophy of Hermann Cohen, The
A Book

by Andrea Poma

  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release : 1997-01-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1438416296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the second half of the nineteenth century, the German philosophical scene had witnessed the extinction of absolute idealism and the predominance of the naive materialism of the adherents of scientism. Hermann Cohen's philosophy stood out in favor of the value of critical reason, on which scientific idealism, in the form of a revival of authentic rational idealism, is founded. His standpoint rejected the opposite extremes of both absolute idealism and naive materialism. The Marburg school, one of the great German philosophical schools at the turn of the century, grew out of Cohen's philosophy, which inspired a large number of twentieth-century thinkers. Cohen was, without doubt, one of the principal adherents of the "return to Kant" as a fundamental point of reference of "Critical Idealism." He based this revival on a long, historical, philosophical tradition, represented by Plato, Descartes, Leibniz, and others, apart from Kant himself.

Analysis, Systematicity and the Transcendental in Hermann Cohen's System of Critical Idealism

Analysis, Systematicity and the Transcendental in Hermann Cohen's System of Critical Idealism
A Book

by B. Tyson Gofton

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Yearning for Form and Other Essays on Hermann Cohen's Thought

Yearning for Form and Other Essays on Hermann Cohen's Thought
A Book

by Andrea Poma

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-06-29
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 140203878X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen’s philosophy has now, finally, received the recognition it deserves. His thought undoubtedly has all the characteristics of a classic. It faced the great problems of philosophical tradition, with full critical awareness and at the same time, with the capacity to open up new, original routes. It represents one of the last expressions of great systematic thought. The papers collected in this volume deal with different aspects of Cohen’s thought, ethical, political, aesthetic and religious aspectsin particular. However they all represent attempts to follow the ubiquitous presence of certain important themes in Cohen and their capacity for containing meanings that cannot be limited to a single philosophical sphere: themes that are keys to reading unity of inspiration in his thought, which is more deeply imbedded than the exterior architectural unity of his work. The search for the fundamental themes behind Cohen is an important task, if we wish to see this philosopher as a present-day vital point of reference.

The Critical Philosophy of Hermann Cohen

The Critical Philosophy of Hermann Cohen
A Book

by Andrea Poma

  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release : 1997-01-30
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780791431863
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a translation from the Italian of a study of the work of Hermann Cohen, a figure generally recognized as the most significant Jewish thinker of the past 100 years.

Hermann Cohen

Hermann Cohen
An Intellectual Biography

by Frederick C. Beiser

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-10-04
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0192563238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first complete intellectual biography of Hermann Cohen (1842-1918) and the only work to cover all his major philosophical and Jewish writings. Frederick C. Beiser pays special attention to all phases of Cohen's intellectual development, its breaks and its continuities, throughout seven decades. The guiding goal behind Cohen's intellectual career, he argues, was the development of a radical rationalism, one committed to defending the rights of unending enquiry and unlimited criticism. Cohen's philosophy was therefore an attempt to defend and revive the Enlightenment belief in the authority of reason; his critical idealism an attempt to justify this belief and to establish a purely rational worldview. According to this interpretation, Cohen's thought is resolutely opposed to any form of irrationalism or mysticism because these would impose arbitrary and artificial limits on criticism and enquiry. It is therefore critical of those interpretations which see Cohen's philosophy as a species of proto-existentialism (Rosenzweig) or Jewish mysticism (Adelmann and Köhnke). Hermann Cohen: An Intellectual Biography attempts to unify the two sides of Cohen's thought, his philosophy and his Judaism. Maintaining that Cohen's Judaism was not a limit to his radical rationalism but a consistent development of it, Beiser contends that his religion was one of reason. He concludes that most critical interpretations have failed to appreciate the philosophical depth and sophistication of his Judaism, a religion which committed the believer to the unending search for truth and the striving to achieve the cosmopolitan ideals of reason.

Hermann Cohen

Hermann Cohen
An Intellectual Biography

by Frederick C. Beiser

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2018-10-18
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0198828160
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first complete intellectual biography of Hermann Cohen (1842-1918) and the only work to cover all his major philosophical and Jewish writings. Frederick C. Beiser pays special attention to all phases of Cohen's intellectual development, its breaks and its continuities, throughout seven decades. The guiding goal behind Cohen's intellectual career, he argues, was the development of a radical rationalism, one committed to defending the rights of unending enquiry and unlimited criticism. Cohen's philosophy was therefore an attempt to defend and revive the Enlightenment belief in the authority of reason; his critical idealism an attempt to justify this belief and to establish a purely rational worldview. According to this interpretation, Cohen's thought is resolutely opposed to any form of irrationalism or mysticism because these would impose arbitrary and artificial limits on criticism and enquiry. It is therefore critical of those interpretations which see Cohen's philosophy as a species of proto-existentialism (Rosenzweig) or Jewish mysticism (Adelmann and Kohnke). Hermann Cohen: An Intellectual Biography attempts to unify the two sides of Cohen's thought, his philosophy and his Judaism. Maintaining that Cohen's Judaism was not a limit to his radical rationalism but a consistent development of it, Beiser contends that his religion was one of reason. He concludes that most critical interpretations have failed to appreciate the philosophical depth and sophistication of his Judaism, a religion which committed the believer to the unending search for truth and the striving to achieve the cosmopolitan ideals of reason.

From Critical to Prophetic Idealism

From Critical to Prophetic Idealism
Ethics, Law, and Religion in the Philosophy of Hermann Cohen

by Paul Nahme

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen and the Crisis of Liberalism

Hermann Cohen and the Crisis of Liberalism
The Enchantment of the Public Sphere

by Paul E. Nahme

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2019-03-28
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0253039762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen (1842–1918) is often held to be one of the most important Jewish philosophers of the nineteenth century. Paul E. Nahme, in this new consideration of Cohen, liberalism, and religion, emphasizes the idea of enchantment, or the faith in and commitment to ideas, reason, and critique—the animating spirits that move society forward. Nahme views Cohen through the lenses of the crises of Imperial Germany—the rise of antisemitism, nationalism, and secularization—to come to a greater understanding of liberalism, its Protestant and Jewish roots, and the spirits of modernity and tradition that form its foundation. Nahme’s philosophical and historical retelling of the story of Cohen and his spiritual investment in liberal theology present a strong argument for religious pluralism and public reason in a world rife with populism, identity politics, and conspiracy theories.

Reason and Hope

Reason and Hope
Selections from the Jewish Writings of Hermann Cohen

by Hermann Cohen

  • Publisher : Wayne State University Press
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780878202119
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen's writings on Judaism constitute a landmark in the history of modern religious thought. Cohen (1842-1918) taught first at Marburg University and then at the Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums in Berlin. Renowned originally as the founder and most prominent representative of the so-called neo-Kantian school of philosophy (or, as he called it, critical idealism), Cohen gradually came to see a close affinity between the ideas and ideals of the Jewish prophets and those of classical Greek and German idealism, a spiritual kinship he stressed throughout his later years. Although he was not conventionally religious, Cohen repeatedly stressed his belief in Judaism's "absolute" monotheism, a religion based equally on faith and reason and grounded in the concept of One God. The contents of this anthology have been culled from Cohen's Jewish Writings, a three-volume collection of essays and addresses published posthumously in 1924 in Berlin.

Monotheism and Tolerance

Monotheism and Tolerance
Recovering a Religion of Reason

by Robert Erlewine

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 0253221560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why are religious tolerance and pluralism so difficult to achieve? Why is the often violent fundamentalist backlash against them so potent? Robert Erlewine looks to a new religion of reason for answers to these questions. Drawing on Enlightenment writers Moses Mendelssohn, Immanuel Kant, and Hermann Cohen, who placed Christianity and Judaism in tension with tolerance and pluralism, Erlewine finds a way to break the impasse, soften hostilities, and establish equal relationships with the Other. Erlewine's recovery of a religion of reason stands in contrast both to secularist critics of religion who reject religion for the sake of reason and to contemporary religious conservatives who eschew reason for the sake of religion. Monotheism and Tolerance suggests a way to deal with the intractable problem of religiously motivated and justified violence.

The National Element in Hermann Cohen's Philosophy and Religion

The National Element in Hermann Cohen's Philosophy and Religion
A Book

by Hartwig Wiedebach

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2012-07-05
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9004232605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen was a Jewish-German thinker with a passion for philosophy. Two forms of national engagement influenced his philosophical system and his Jewish thought: a cultural-political 'Germanness' (Deutschtum) and a religious Judaism beyond the political.

Reading Maimonides' Philosophy in 19th Century Germany

Reading Maimonides' Philosophy in 19th Century Germany
The Guide to Religious Reform

by George Y. Kohler

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-05-03
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9400740352
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book investigates the re-discovery of Maimonides’ Guide of the Perplexed by the Wissenschaft des Judentums movement in Germany of the nineteenth and beginning twentieth Germany. Since this movement is inseparably connected with religious reforms that took place at about the same time, it shall be demonstrated how the Reform Movement in Judaism used the Guide for its own agenda of historizing, rationalizing and finally turning Judaism into a philosophical enterprise of ‘ethical monotheism’. The study follows the reception of Maimonidean thought, and the Guide specifically, through the nineteenth century, from the first beginnings of early reformers in 1810 and their reading of Maimonides to the development of a sophisticated reform-theology, based on Maimonides, in the writings of Hermann Cohen more then a hundred years later.

Yearning for Form and Other Essays on Hermann Cohen's Thought

Yearning for Form and Other Essays on Hermann Cohen's Thought
A Book

by Andrea Poma

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-02-20
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9781402038778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A collection of papers, this volume deals with different aspects of Cohen's thought, ethical, political, aesthetic, and religious aspects in particular. It represents attempts to follow the ubiquitous presence of certain important themes in Cohen and their capacity for containing meanings that cannot be limited to a single philosophical sphere.

Modernism Between Benjamin and Goethe

Modernism Between Benjamin and Goethe
A Book

by Matthew Charles

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2019-12-12
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1350013951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Widely regarded as one of the foremost cultural critics of the last century, Walter Benjamin's relation to Modernism has largely been understood in the context of his reception of the aesthetic theories of Early German Romanticism and his associated interest in avant-garde Surrealism. But this Romantic understanding only gives half the picture. Running through Benjamin's thought is also a critique of Romanticism, developed in conjunction with a positive engagement with the philosophical, artistic and historical writings of J. W. von Goethe. In demonstrating the significance of these Goethean elements, this book challenges the dominant understanding of Benjamin's philosophy as essentially Romantic and instead proposes that Goethe's Classicism, conceived as the counterpoint to Romanticism, permits a corrective to the latter's deficiencies. Benjamin's Modernist concept of criticism, it is argued, is constituted in the movement between these polarities of Romanticism and Classicism. Conversely, placing Goethe's Classicism in relation to Benjamin's practice of literary criticism reveals historical tensions with Romanticism that constitute the untimely – indeed, it will be argued, cinematic – Modernism of his work. Adopting a transcritical approach, this book alternates between Benjamin and Goethe in relation to the experiences of colour, language and technology, assembling a constellation of philosophical and artistic figures between them, including the writings of Kant, Nietzsche, Cohen, Deleuze, Koselleck, Klages, and the work of Grünewald, Marées, Klee, Turner, Hulme, Eisenstein, Tretyakov, and Murnau.

Hermann Cohen and the Crisis of Liberalism

Hermann Cohen and the Crisis of Liberalism
The Enchantment of the Public Sphere

by Paul Egan Nahme

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2019-03-28
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0253039789
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hermann Cohen (1842–1918) is often held to be one of the most important Jewish philosophers of the nineteenth century. Paul E. Nahme, in this new consideration of Cohen, liberalism, and religion, emphasizes the idea of enchantment, or the faith in and commitment to ideas, reason, and critique—the animating spirits that move society forward. Nahme views Cohen through the lenses of the crises of Imperial Germany—the rise of antisemitism, nationalism, and secularization—to come to a greater understanding of liberalism, its Protestant and Jewish roots, and the spirits of modernity and tradition that form its foundation. Nahme's philosophical and historical retelling of the story of Cohen and his spiritual investment in liberal theology present a strong argument for religious pluralism and public reason in a world rife with populism, identity politics, and conspiracy theories.

Rediscovering Léon Brunschvicg’s Critical Idealism

Rediscovering Léon Brunschvicg’s Critical Idealism
Philosophy, History and Science in the Third Republic

by Pietro Terzi

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2022-01-13
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1350171697
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Léon Brunschvicg's contribution to philosophical thought in fin-de-siècle France receives full explication in the first English-language study on his work. Arguing that Brunschvicg is crucial to understanding the philosophical schools which took root in 20th-century France, Pietro Terzi locates Brunschvicg alongside his contemporary Henri Bergson, as well as the range of thinkers he taught and influenced, including Lévinas, Merleau-Ponty, de Beauvoir, and Sartre. Brunschvicg's deep engagement with debates concerning spiritualism and rationalism, neo-Kantian philosophy, and the role of mathematics in philosophy made him the perfect supervisor for a whole host of nascent philosophical ideas which were forming in the work of his students. Terzi outlines Brunchvicg's defence of neo-Kantian judgement, historical analysis and the inextricability of the natural and humanist sciences to any rigorous system of philosophy, with wide-ranging implications for contemporary scholarship.

The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880

The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880
A Book

by Frederick C. Beiser

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2014-11-27
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0191030996
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Frederick C. Beiser tells the story of the emergence of neo-Kantianism from the late 1790s until the 1880s. He focuses on neo-Kantianism before official or familiar neo-Kantianism, i.e., before the formation of the various schools of neo-Kantianism in the 1880s and 1890s (which included the Marburg school, the Southwestern school, and the Göttingen school). Beiser argues that the source of neo-Kantianism lies in three crucial but neglected figures: Jakob Friedrich Fries,

Giving Beyond the Gift

Giving Beyond the Gift
Apophasis and Overcoming Theomania

by Elliot R. Wolfson

  • Publisher : Fordham Univ Press
  • Release : 2014-02-03
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0823255727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the co-dependency of monotheism and idolatry by examining the thought of several prominent twentieth-century Jewish philosophers—Cohen, Buber, Rosenzweig, and Levinas. While all of these thinkers were keenly aware of the pitfalls of scriptural theism, to differing degrees they each succumbed to the temptation to personify transcendence, even as they tried either to circumvent or to restrain it by apophatically purging kataphatic descriptions of the deity. Derrida and Wyschogrod, by contrast, carried the project of denegation one step further, embarking on a path that culminated in the aporetic suspension of belief and the consequent removal of all images from God, a move that seriously compromises the viability of devotional piety. The inquiry into apophasis, transcendence, and immanence in these Jewish thinkers is symptomatic of a larger question. Recent attempts to harness the apophatic tradition to construct a viable postmodern negative theology, a religion without religion, are not radical enough. Not only are these philosophies of transcendence guilty of a turn to theology that defies the phenomenological presupposition of an immanent phenomenality, but they fall short on their own terms, inasmuch as they persist in employing metaphorical language that personalizes transcendence and thereby runs the risk of undermining the irreducible alterity and invisibility attributed to the transcendent other. The logic of apophasis, if permitted to run its course fully, would exceed the need to posit some form of transcendence that is not ultimately a facet of immanence. Apophatic theologies, accordingly, must be supplanted by a more far-reaching apophasis that surpasses the theolatrous impulse lying coiled at the crux of theism, an apophasis of apophasis, based on accepting an absolute nothingness—to be distinguished from the nothingness of an absolute—that does not signify the unknowable One but rather the manifold that is the pleromatic abyss at being’s core. Hence, the much-celebrated metaphor of the gift must give way to the more neutral and less theologically charged notion of an unconditional givenness in which the distinction between giver and given collapses. To think givenness in its most elemental, phenomenological sense is to allow the apparent to appear as given without presuming a causal agency that would turn that given into a gift.

Lament in Jewish Thought

Lament in Jewish Thought
Philosophical, Theological, and Literary Perspectives

by Ilit Ferber,Paula Schwebel

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2014-10-10
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 311033996X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lament, mourning, and the transmissibility of a tradition in the aftermath of destruction are prominent themes in Jewish thought. The corpus of lament literature, building upon and transforming the biblical Book of Lamentations, provides a unique lens for thinking about the relationships between destruction and renewal, mourning and remembrance, loss and redemption, expression and the inexpressible. This anthology features four texts by Gershom Scholem on lament, translated here for the first time into English. The volume also includes original essays by leading scholars, which interpret Scholem’s texts and situate them in relation to other Weimar-era Jewish thinkers, including Walter Benjamin, Franz Rosenzweig, Franz Kafka, and Paul Celan, who drew on the textual traditions of lament to respond to the destruction and upheavals of the early twentieth century. Also included are studies on the textual tradition of lament in Judaism, from biblical, rabbinic, and medieval lamentations to contemporary Yemenite women’s laments. This collection, unified by its strong thematic focus on lament, shows the fruitfulness of studying contemporary and modern texts alongside the traditional textual sources that informed them.