Iran : State of Terror

Iran : State of Terror
An Account of Terrorist Crimes by Iranian Agents

by Eric Reginald Lubbock Baron Avebury,Robert Wilkinson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996-01-01
  • Pages : 91
  • ISBN : 9780951023877
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Attacks on Dissidents Abroad

State of Terror

State of Terror
A Book

by Hillary Rodham Clinton,Louise Penny

  • Publisher : Pan Macmillan
  • Release : 2021-10-12
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1529079713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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‘A rip-roaring, brilliant page-turner, but it’s also timely, cheeky, important and wonderfully, courageously provocative. What great fun!’ James Patterson ‘Clinton and Penny are each a force on their own - put together they are unstoppable’ Karin Slaughter ‘Smart and fast and twisty, State of Terror is a dazzlingly unpredictable political thriller. I loved it’ Kathy Reichs Take a ringside seat in the high-stakes world of international politics . . . After a tumultuous period in American politics, a new administration has just been sworn in. Secretary of State, Ellen Adams, is determined to do her duty for her country. But she is about to face a horrifying international threat . . . A young foreign service officer has received a baffling text from an anonymous source. Too late, she realizes it was a hastily coded warning. Then a series of bus bombs devastate Europe, heralding the rise of a new rogue terrorist organisation who will stop at nothing in their efforts to develop their own nuclear arsenal. As Ellen unravels the damaging effects of the former presidency on international politics, she must also contemplate the unthinkable: that the last president of the United States was more than just an ineffectual leader. Was he also a traitor to his country? From the number one bestselling authors Hillary Clinton and Louise Penny comes a novel of unsurpassed thrills and incomparable insider expertise.

Iran

Iran
A Quarter-century of State-sponsored Terror : Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia and the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, February 16, 2005

by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia,U S Government Printing Office

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State Sponsor of Terror: the Global Threat of Iran

State Sponsor of Terror: the Global Threat of Iran
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session, February 11, 2015

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 61
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State Sponsorship of Terrorism

State Sponsorship of Terrorism
A Comparison of Cuba's and Iran's Use of Terrorism to Export Ideological Revolutions

by Crystal M. Schaeffer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the Vietnam War, the definition of traditional warfare has changed from the military action that was observed in previous wars such as the Korean War, and both World Wars. Traditional warfare included accepted rules of engagement, drawn battlefield lines, and other elements that were generally expected and anticipated during wartime. Currently, the United States is involved in an 'Overseas Contingency Operation' (OCO) previously known as the 'Global War on Terror' (GWOT), in which soldiers face not a Nation State, but a group of terrorists, who do not claim allegiance to any specific country. In addition to the threat of terrorists acting as individuals, as groups or as organizations, the United States is also dealing with State Sponsors of Terrorism (SST), who utilize terrorist groups to achieve their own political agenda. One method the United States Government uses to confront this challenge by is establishing and maintaining a running list of States that sponsor terrorism. Cuba, Iran, Syria, and Sudan are currently on this list. The list, produced by the U.S. Department of x State, is designed to enable U.S. policy makers to enforce restrictions in the form of embargos and sanctions against State Sponsors of Terrorism as a method to punish States for providing such support. The U. S. Department of State defines SST as those who "repeatedly provide critical support for non-state terrorist groups, who without sponsorship, would have a much more difficult time obtaining the weapons, material, and safe areas to plan, train adherents, and conduct terrorist activities." Various definitions of State Sponsorship exist; however, fulfillment of a political goal remains the underlying constant. The list of State Sponsors highlights the fact that the U.S. views these nations as potential threats. Although knowing who supports terrorism is necessary, this dissertation seeks to provide a method for analyzing the characteristics of SST to provide an opportunity to gain further insight into the justifications why each nation supports terrorist activities. This dissertation will examine the techniques that Cuba and Iran implemented in order to sponsor terrorism for the purpose of globally exporting their own ideological revolution. While analyzing these techniques, the environment that fostered both Cuba and Iran to become leading State Sponsors of Terrorism will become apparent through the examination of the root causes of the Cuban and Iranian revolutions and the conditions that existed that paved the way for Castro and Khomeini to take power. By identifying and examining the phases of State Sponsored Terrorism, an understanding of the similar sponsorship techniques that both Cuba and Iran applied during their tenure as State Sponsors will develop, highlighting the commonalities within each, and the results of each phase. Through the study of these phases of terrorism, a pattern of exploitation emerges that will enable a stronger appreciation for the history of SST and a capability to conduct tread analysis that could better establish the prediction of future actions of similar State Sponsors. Terrorism threatens the lives of numerous innocent people on a daily basis. It is inherently successful because it fosters the fear that safety is never guaranteed; Americans learned that on September 11th as three planes collided into the World Trade Center and Pentagon and a fourth crashed en route to D.C. in Pennsylvania. State Sponsorship of Terrorism has greatly increased the lethality of terrorist acts which is why the United States has focused efforts on putting political and economic pressure on states that choose terrorism as a main component of it's foreign and domestic policy. These two states, Iran and Cuba, represent only two threats facing the United States; they have the strongest history in recent years of SST. The study of these states may shed light on how to develop a better predictive model of SST behavior benefiting the U.S. in developing policy for combating terrorism.

State Sponsor of Terror

State Sponsor of Terror
The Global Threat of Iran

by Nonproliferat Subcommittee on Terrorism,and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs House of Representatives, Nonproliferation Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs House of Representatives

  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release : 2015-05-17
  • Pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9781512247336
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Iranians are the largest state sponsor of terror in the world. Iranian proxy groups like Hezbollah resource and execute attacks around the world. Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Quds Force troops personally support and engineer attacks on a global scale. In 2011, the Iranians plotted to assassinate the Saudi Ambassador to the United States in Washington, DC. That plot was uncovered and stopped before it could be carried out. In Yemen, would-be rebels overthrew the government with the support of the regime in Tehran. Iran has long supported Houthis against Yemen's Sunni tribes. In Iraq, Iran is reenergizing Shia death squads to prop up the government in Baghdad. In neighboring Syria, Iran is even stronger. Iran virtually controls the Assad regime and helps the murderous dictator cling to power every day. Iran must be held accountable for its state sponsorship of acts of terror. It should not be given a pass just because it is in negotiations with us about its nuclear weapon program. All of these activities are part of Iran's plan to expand its influence and its stature and to spread its terror around the globe.

Iran

Iran
A Quarter-century of State-sponsored Terror

by United States House of Representatives,Committee on International Rela (house),United S Congress

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-11-29
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN : 9781712336236
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Iran: a quarter-century of state-sponsored terror: joint hearing before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia and the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, February 16, 2005.

State Sponsor of Terror

State Sponsor of Terror
The Global Threat of Iran

by United States. Congress,Committee on Foreign Affairs

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-09-20
  • Pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9781976564994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State sponsor of terror: the global threat of Iran : hearing before the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, first session, February 11, 2015.

Iran

Iran
A Quarter-Century of State-Sponsored Terror

by United States. Congress,United States House of Representatives,Committee on International Relations

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2018-02-09
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN : 9781985204348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Iran : a quarter-century of state-sponsored terror : joint hearing before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia and the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, February 16, 2005.

Satan in Flames

Satan in Flames
An Assessment of Iran, the World's Largest State Sponsor of Terrorism, Its Support of Hezbollah, Al Qaeda, the September 11 Attacks on the United States and the Relationship with Al Qaeda from Afghanistan to Today

by James Moore,Abdalla Altayer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-04-10
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9781092554060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How did Al Qaeda grow from a guerilla-insurgent force initially based in South Asia in to a global terrorist organization capable of striking worldwide? Satan in Flames explores how - in less than four years after initially meeting with representatives of Iran in Sudan - Al Qaeda would be capable of mounting terror attacks based on a template initially perfected by Iran's notorious terrorist group, Lebanese Hezbollah.Using open sources fully available to anyone, authors Dr. Abdalla Altayer and James S Moore demonstrate Tehran's direct involvement in every Al Qaeda attack throughout the 1990s beginning in Islamabad, Riyadh, Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Aden, and September 11. The role Iran played in aiding Al Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab Al Zarqawi is discussed in detail, along with the strategic importance that Tehran's long-standing ally, Syria, played in the violent and terror-plagued Iraqi insurgency and subsequent Civil War. Satan in Flames also covers the Al Qaeda Iran network as it exists to this very day including listing the key individuals who have resided inside Iran since the mid-2000s and in some cases earlier. JAMES S. MOORE is a Washington, D.C.-area based consultant working on European, Middle East, and Arabian Gulf affairs. ABDALLA ALTAYER has a diverse background in public service for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia along with working in education, media, journalism, and research analysis fields.

The Politics of Terrorism

The Politics of Terrorism
Terror as a State and Revolutionary Strategy

by Barry M. Rubin

  • Publisher : University Press of Amer
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To find more information about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.

Israel: The State of Terror Behind the Mask of Victimization

Israel: The State of Terror Behind the Mask of Victimization
A Book

by Ernst Cole

  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Release : 2015-05-16
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 132914077X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If you want information about the influence of Zionism, this book is for you. The world has been under the thumb of the elite for a very long time. The truth in history is hard to find because history is written by the "winners". We are truly the serfs of the elite and I fear for my children's future. This should be required reading material. American is no longer the America our founding fathers intended for us.

Deterring International Terrorism and Rogue States

Deterring International Terrorism and Rogue States
US National Security Policy after 9/11

by James H. Lebovic

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2007-01-24
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1135983593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new study challenges the widely held view that many current US adversaries cannot be deterred, maintaining that deterrence is not a relic of the Cold War period and that it should shape US policies toward so-called ‘rogue states’ and terror groups. James Lebovic argues that deterrence principles continue to apply, and focuses upon the ‘three pillars’ of the Bush administration’s national security policy: missile defence, which preoccupied the administration until September 11, 2001 pre-emption, which became the US focus with the September 11 attacks and US success in overthrowing the Taliban regime in Afghanistan homeland security, which the administration has portrayed as more a natural response to threat than an aspect of policy that must be reconciled with the other pillars. Deterring International Terrorism and Rogue States asserts that bad offences and defences have been endemic to the current US policy approach, leading US policy makers to pursue policies that require them to do everything without adequate concern for resource trade-offs, overreach, and unintended consequences. This book will be of great interest to students of US foreign policy, national and international security, terrorism and international relations in general.

Terrorism and the State

Terrorism and the State
A Critique of Domination Through Fear

by William D. Perdue

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 0275931404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is an intriguing volume on the political economy of terrorism. Emphasizing the role of ideological systems and the media in the definition of political violence, this book is theoretical, historical, and critical. Perdue suggests that there is presently a double standard of terrorism--one for the state and the other for its opponents--and reframes the terrorism debate. A historical review supports a revisionist position that places the issue in the context of global relations. Perdue proceeds through the investigation of historically grounded cases to systematically analyze state terrorism.

The Axis of Evil

The Axis of Evil
Iran, Hizballah, and the Palestinian Terror

by Shaul Shay

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 135132246X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the nearly 25 years since the ascent of an Islamic regime, Iran has become one of the most prominent supporters of terror worldwide. Today Iran actively employs terror to achieve its international objectives. The Axis of Evil outlines the operations and goals of Shiite and Iranian terror. As Shaul Shay shows, Iran has done its utmost to conceal its involvement in terror activities and avoids leaving incriminating "fingerprints" that might prompt retaliatory action by victims of this terrorism. In consequence, most of what we know about Iranian terror activity has been gleaned from the capture and trials of Iranian terrorists or terrorists acting on Iran's behalf. The Axis of Evil deals extensively with Iran's involvement in terrorist activity against Israel through Hizballah after the Israel Defense Forces' withdrawal from Lebanon (May 2000) and the instigation of the Al-Aksa Intifada (September 2000-2003). It examines Iran's attitude towards the State of Israel since the rise of Knomeini, confirming that Iran sees Israel as a primary source of the world's wrongdoings and the epitome of evil. In turn, Israel has become one of Iran's archenemies. Over the years, Iran has strengthened its ideological links with radical Arab and Palestinian circles. In addition, it actively supports Hizballah, which acts on behalf of Iran from its base in Lebanon and perpetrates terror attacks against Israel and against representatives of Western and Arab countries in Lebanon as well as in the international arena. This book is a comprehensive and in-depth study of Shiite and Iranian terror activity. In addition to drawing attention to the significance of Iran's contributions to terror, it provides readers with a better understanding of Iran's activities in light of the global war against terrorism as well as the deployment of American troops along Iran's borders with Afghanistan and Iraq.

Targeting Terror

Targeting Terror
U.S. Policy Toward Middle Eastern State Sponsors and Terrorist Organizations, Post-September 11

by Matthew Levitt

  • Publisher : Washington Inst for Near East Pol
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 141
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book argues that a successful war on international terrorism must be fought on all fronts and to effectively combat terrorism, neither the United States nor its allies can be satisfied with battling only al-Qaeda, or any other specific terrorist group or collection of groups. The war on terrorism must target terrorism as a means, and all organizations that employ it or facilitate its use.

The Future of Iranian Terror and Its Threat to the U.s. Homeland

The Future of Iranian Terror and Its Threat to the U.s. Homeland
A Book

by Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Int

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2016-12-02
  • Pages : 54
  • ISBN : 9781540762207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Iranian nuclear agreement is a false deal, which gave Iran $100 billion, access to global markets, and greater freedom of movement. We have seen evidence of Iran's true nature, such as when they released sensitive, embarrassing photographs of U.S. sailors during their illegal detention in Iran. This is the type of action you expect from an outlaw nation, not a nation which has just entered into an agreement, which has elements of good faith in it. It is an indicator of the real thinking behind the leaders in Iran. While the White House and State Department have been moving forward with the Nuclear Deal, intelligence professionals have been consistent that Iran and its proxies still pose a significant threat. In testimony before the Senate Intelligence Committee, Director of National Intelligence (DNI) James Clapper, said that Iran is, "The foremost state sponsor of terrorism and employs the Islamic Revolutionary Guards, Quds Force, Hezbollah, and other proxy groups." While the Nuclear Deal is intended to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear weapon, as DNI Clapper noted in his testimony, Iran's, "military and security services are keen to demonstrate that their regional power ambitions have not been altered by the deal."

State Sponsor of Terror: The Global Threat of Iran, Hearing, February 11, 2015, 114-1

State Sponsor of Terror: The Global Threat of Iran, Hearing, February 11, 2015, 114-1
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State Terrorism and Human Rights

State Terrorism and Human Rights
International Responses since the End of the Cold War

by Gillian Duncan,Orla Lynch,Gilbert Ramsay,Alison M.S. Watson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-03-05
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 1136679677
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to improve understanding of the broad trends in the utilisation of political violence by examining the use of state terror in world politics. The ending of the Cold War and the overthrow of communism in Eastern Europe led many to assume that this presaged the demise of the one-party terror regime and acceptance of Western concepts of democracy, freedom and human rights throughout the international system. But of course this did not end state terror. The totalitarian one-party state still exists in North Korea and China, and there are numerous military regimes and other forms of dictatorship where the use of terror techniques for internal control is routine. The late Professor Paul Wilkinson conceived and began this project with the intention of analysing the major types of international response to state terror, as well as their outcomes and their wider implications for the future of international relations. In keeping with this original premise, the contributors explore the history of terrorism, as well as reflecting on the need for international cooperation based on the protection of civilians and a consistent approach to intervention in conflict situations. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, political violence, human rights, genocide, and IR in general.

Iran's Nuclear Program

Iran's Nuclear Program
The Controversial History of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Nuclear Research and Uranium Enrichment

by Charles River Charles River Editors

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-11-21
  • Pages : 50
  • ISBN : 9781979932387
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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*Includes pictures *Includes a table of contents "I perfectly understand the particular attention which you pay to the question of nuclear energy...In this field my wish is for Iran to put all her efforts towards the peaceful use of atomic energy. We shall continue to cooperate with all nations of the world to attain this end in the interests of human society." - Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, April Those who know Iran only as one of the West's primary antagonists in the Middle East might find it difficult to believe that the aforementioned quote was ever uttered by one of the nation's notoriously vicious and uncompromising leaders. After all, on July 21, 2003, in a speech urging Middle Eastern governments to band together and "[fight] terrorism in all its forms," President George W. Bush had declared that terrorism was fueling the governments of Syria and Iran. About 2 years later, he reiterated the bold statement in his State of the Union address, lambasting Iran as the world's "primary state sponsor of terror." These hostile sentiments towards Iran only continued to escalate. President Donald Trump blasted the Iranian administration as a two-faced, "murderous regime" with destructive agendas hidden up its sleeves during his first speech to the United Nations assembly as the Commander in Chief of the White House. "It is time for the entire world to join us in demanding that Iran's government end its pursuit of death and destruction," Trump thundered into his microphone. ..".And above all, Iran's government must stop supporting terrorists, begin serving its own people, and respect the sovereign rights of its neighbors." U.S. Secretary of Defense, James Mattis, caused another wave of unrest when he parroted the words of President Bush. "As far as Iran goes, this is the single biggest state sponsor of terrorism in the world." Needless to say, the rumors regarding Iran's nuclear capabilities and the murky nature of the regime have understandably left many a nation and their leaders on the edge of their seats. The volatile nation's deep-seated loathing of the West, particularly the United States and Israel, have only added to the jitters worldwide. Experts insist that the Iranian propaganda program, which many say outrival even North Korea's, is chiefly responsible for entrenching into its masses this resentment of the West and their liberal ideals. Since the Iranian Revolution, Western nations and their intelligence agencies have struggled to fully grasp what goes on in Iran, and it has resulted in a situation that reads like a spy thriller. The last decade has featured the assassinations of Iranian nuclear scientists, the use of sophisticated cyberattacks like Stuxnet, the construction of a hidden enrichment facility underneath a mountain, ongoing arguments over the nature of Iran's nuclear program, efforts to determine whether there was potential procurement and testing of materials that would be used in nuclear weapons, debates over ballistic missiles, and a 2015 agreement between Iran and several world powers that remains a controversial issue to this day. There is even substantial concern that Iran and North Korea are jointly working on their nuclear programs, with Iranian scientists witnessing North Korean nuclear weapons tests and North Korean scientists in Iran overseeing research and development. And as if the convoluted nature of Iran's nuclear program in the 21st century wasn't enough, the story had even more twists and turns dating back to the 1950s. Iran's Nuclear Program: The Controversial History of the Islamic Republic of Iran's Nuclear Research and Uranium Enrichment looks at how Iran has developed its nuclear energy program, and the debate over whether the Iranians intend to arm itself with nuclear weapons. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Iran's nuclear program like never before.