Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition
Vitamins

by Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-24
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN : 0128119365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Nutrition: Vitamins presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of vitamins with a specific focus on vitamins A, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B# (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6, (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folate), B12 (colbamin), C, D, E, and K. As part of the Molecular Nutrition series, this book discusses introductory aspects and general coverage of vitamins and nutrition, the molecular biology of the cell, including signaling, transporters, oxidative stress, receptors, uptake, immunity, proliferation, endoplasmic reticulum, differentiation, carcinogenesis and apoptosis. Final sections cover genetic machinery and its function, transcriptional processes, homeostasis genes, cancer, gene expression, mutations, and more. Emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health are also covered, rounding out the book. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to vitamins Includes material on signaling, transporters, oxidative stress, receptors, uptake, immunity, proliferation, endoplasmic reticulum, differentiation, carcinogenesis and apoptosis Presents transcriptional processes, homeostasis genes, cancer, gene expression, mutations, the sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter, p53, p21, microRNAs, one carbon metabolism, nucleic acids, DNA methylation and polymorphisms Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health Covers Vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K Discusses their impact on health relating to cancer, diabetes, arthritis, and aging Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms, and summary points

History of Tempeh and Tempeh Products (1815-2020)

History of Tempeh and Tempeh Products (1815-2020)
Bibliography and Sourcebook

by William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi

  • Publisher : Soyinfo Center
  • Release : 2020-03-22
  • Pages : 1416
  • ISBN : 1948436140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world's most comprehensive, well documented and well illustrated book on this subject. With extensive subject and geographical index. 234 photographs and illustrations - mostly color. Free of charge in digital PDF format on Google Books

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition

Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition
A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series

by Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-11-06
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128010037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates
A Book

by Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-10-16
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 0128498749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of carbohydrates. As part of the Molecular Nutrition includes sections covering carbohydrate metabolism, carbohydrates in the diet, insulin resistance, dietary sugars, cardiometabolic risk, lipoproteins, low-carbohydrate diets, antioxidants, refined dietary sugars, fats, glucose transporters, glucose sensing, the role of phosphorylation, carbohydrate responsive binding protein, cyclic AMP, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, SIRT1, insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and GIP receptor (GIPR) genes rRNA and transcription, and more. In addition, the book addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to carbohydrates Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats

The Molecular Nutrition of Fats
A Book

by Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-10-29
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0128112980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Molecular Nutrition of Fats presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of fats by assessing their dietary components, their structural and metabolic effects on the cell, and their role in health and disease. Subject areas include molecular mechanisms, membranes, polymorphisms, SNPs, genomic wide analysis, genotypes, gene expression, genetic modifications and other aspects. The book is divided into three sections, providing information on the general and introductory aspects, the molecular biology of the cell, and the genetic machinery and its function. Topics discussed include lipid-related molecules, dietary lipids and lipid metabolism, high fat diets, choline, cholesterol, membranes, trans-and saturated fatty acids, and lipid rafts. Other sections provide comprehensive discussions on G protein-coupled receptors, micro RNA, transcriptomics, transcriptional factors, cholesterol, triacylglycerols, beta-oxidation, cholesteryl ester transfer, beta-oxidation, lysosomes, lipid droplets, insulin mTOR signaling and ligands, and more. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to fats Discusses the impact of fats on cancer, heart disease, dementia, and respiratory and intestinal disease Includes preclinical, clinical and population studies Covers the genome, the whole body and whole communities Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

Aging

Aging
Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants

by Victor R. Preedy,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-24
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0128188111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aging: Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants, Second Edition, bridges the trans-disciplinary divide and covers the science of oxidative stress in aging and the therapeutic use of natural antioxidants in the food matrix in a single volume. The second edition covers new trials and investigations used to determine the comprehensive properties of antioxidants, food items and extracts, as well as any adverse properties they may have. It has been updated to include new clinical human trials and a new section dedicated to animal models of aging. Throughtout the book the processes within the science of oxidative stress are described in concert with other processes, such as apoptosis, cell signaling, and receptor mediated responses. This approach recognizes that diseases are often multifactorial, and oxidative stress is a single component of this. Gerontologists, geriatricians, nutritionists, and dieticians are separated by divergent skills and professional disciplines that need to be bridged to advance preventative as well as treatment strategies. While gerontologists and geriatricians may study the underlying processes of aging, they are less likely to be conversant in the science of nutrition and dietetics. On the other hand, nutritionists and dietitians are less conversant with the detailed clinical background and science of gerontology. This book addresses this gap and brings each of these disciplines to bear on the processes inherent in the oxidative stress of aging. This will aid in better research, treatment and outcome for patients. Compares information related to mitochondrial oxidative stress in one disease to diet-related strategies in other unrelated diseases Provides an understanding of cell signalling leading to new suggestions of preventative or therapeutic strategies Includes a new section dedicated to animal models of aging

Handbook of nutrition, diet and sleep

Handbook of nutrition, diet and sleep
A Book

by Victor R. Preedy,Lan-Anh Le,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-06-02
  • Pages : 485
  • ISBN : 9086867634
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging literature and research have currently shown that sleep, sleep disturbances, diet and nutrition are interlinked in numerous ways. For example, sleep deprivation alters food intake and snacking behaviour. On the other hand, dietary restriction and obesity alter sleep. Specific nutrients such as caffeine and alcohol also affect sleep. Furthermore, variations in these relationships differ with respect to age, gender and state of health. There is a connection between sleep and disordered nutrition as defined by conditions such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome. This book demonstrates that disruptive sleep patterns can be remedied by appropriate dietary or nutritional changes including the usage of supplements. The contribution of sleep to our daily lives is not yet fully understood, but it is clear that its impact should not be underestimated. This handbook discusses the important relationship between diet and nutrition and disruptive or abnormal sleep in the sub-clinical or clinical setting. Authorities in the field offer a wide range of scientifically sound perspectives and approaches of the link between sleep, nutrition and diet.

Diet, Nutrition, and Fetal Programming

Diet, Nutrition, and Fetal Programming
A Book

by Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2017-10-13
  • Pages : 621
  • ISBN : 3319602896
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume offers the most comprehensive coverage on fetal programming. Chapters are written by authors of international and national standing, leaders in the field and trendsetters. The clinical relevance of the current research is emphasized in each chapter, which also contains key points, key words, and concise summaries for ease of learning. Fetal programming affects conditions in the immediate postnatal period, as well as in later life and adulthood. These conditions include cardiovascular disease, frank hypertension, stroke, dyslipidemia, coagulopathy, increased insulin resistance-metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes, leukemia, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome, precocious puberty, impaired immune function, renal disease, lung disease, and osteoporosis. Neuropathologies, behavioral and mental deficiencies, schizophrenia, and depression have also been reported in adults who were exposed to nutritional inadequacies in utero. Diet, Nutrition and Fetal Programming provides an overview on the effects of fetal programming on disease, and comprehensive looks at maternal nutrition factors and fetal programming effects on brain and behavior, and physiology and disease. It also provides an in depth look at specific nutrient restrictions and supplements on physiology and disease, the effects of maternal disease on fetal programming, mechanisms of programming, and a special section on the international aspects and policies on fetal programming.

Flour and Breads and their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention

Flour and Breads and their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention
A Book

by Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2011-02-17
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 9780123808875
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bread and flour-based foods are an important part of the diet for millions of people worldwide. Their complex nature provides energy, protein, minerals and many other macro- and micronutrients. However, consideration must be taken of three major aspects related to flour and bread. The first is that not all cultures consume bread made from wheat flour. There are literally dozens of flour types, each with their distinctive heritage, cultural roles and nutritive contents. Second, not all flours are used to make leavened bread in the traditional (i.e., Western) loaf form. There are many different ways that flours are used in the production of staple foods. Third, flour and breads provide a suitable means for fortification: either to add components that are removed in the milling and purification process or to add components that will increase palatability or promote health and reduce disease per se. Flour and Breads and their Fortification in Health and Disease Prevention provides a single-volume reference to the healthful benefits of a variety of flours and flour products, and guides the reader in identifying options and opportunities for improving health through flour and fortified flour products. Examines those flour and bread related agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions Explores the impact of compositional differences between flours, including differences based on country of origin and processing technique Includes methods for analysis of flours and bread-related compounds in other foods

Development of Healthy and Nutritious Cereals: Recent Insights on Molecular Advances in Breeding

Development of Healthy and Nutritious Cereals: Recent Insights on Molecular Advances in Breeding
A Book

by Mallikarjuna Swamy,Balram Marathi,Ana I. F. Ribeiro-Barros,Felipe Klein Ricachenevsky

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-05-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889667553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vitamins in the prevention of human diseases

Vitamins in the prevention of human diseases
A Book

by Wolfgang Herrmann,Rima Obeid

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2011-02-28
  • Pages : 743
  • ISBN : 3110214490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vitamins - especially B- and D-vitamins - influence the development and outcome of many neurodegenerative and other diseases. Among others, dementia, neural tube defects, epilepsy, and osteoporoses can be caused by vitamin deficiency. This book provides up-to-date knowledge on the role of water and fat soluble vitamins in the prevention of human diseases. Having knowledge about the association of vitamins and disease, as well as keeping track on the patients vitamin status has become increasingly important to every physician and clinical chemist.

L-Arginine in Clinical Nutrition

L-Arginine in Clinical Nutrition
A Book

by Vinood B. Patel,Victor R. Preedy,Rajkumar Rajendram

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2016-08-23
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN : 331926009X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text presents the application of current nutritional knowledge by physicians and dietitians and incorporates emerging fields of science and important discoveries. It contains seven major sections. Section 1: Basic Processes at the Cellular Levels, Section 2: Arginine Metabolism and Functions, Section 3: Arginine Status in Cells Related to Organ Damage and Disease, Section 4: Arginine Status and Use in Healthy Individuals, Section 5: Arginine and Diseases of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Section 6: Therapeutic uses of Arginine: Diabetes, Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases and Section 7: Therapeutic Uses of Arginine: Cancer, Wound Healing and Infectious Disease. Written by authors of international and national standing, leaders in the field and trendsetters, Arginine in Clinical Nutrition is essential reading for nutritionists and dietitians, public health scientists, doctors, epidemiologists, health care professionals of various disciplines, policy makers and marketing and economic strategists.

Branched Chain Amino Acids in Clinical Nutrition

Branched Chain Amino Acids in Clinical Nutrition
Volume 2

by Rajkumar Rajendram,Victor R. Preedy,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-14
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN : 1493919148
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the second volume in a 2-volume compendium that is the go-to source for both research- and practice-oriented information on the importance of branched chain amino acids in maintaining the nutritional status and overall health of individuals, especially those with certain disease conditions. Over 150 well recognized and respected contributors have come together to compile these up-to-date and well-referenced works. The volumes will serve the reader as the benchmarks in this complex area of interrelationships between dietary protein intakes and individual amino acid supplementation, the unique role of the branched chain amino acids in the synthesis of brain neurotransmitters, collagen formation, insulin and glucose modulation and the functioning of all organ systems that are involved in the maintenance of the body’s metabolic integrity. Moreover, the physiological, genetic and pathological interactions between plasma levels of branched chain amino acids and aromatic amino acids are clearly delineated so that students as well as practitioners can better understand the complexities of these interactions. Branched Chain Amino Acids in Clinical Nutrition: Volume 2 covers the role of branched chain amino acids in healthy individuals, and branched chain amino acid status in disease states, liver diseases, and supplementation studies in certain patient populations.

Handbook of Food Fortification and Health

Handbook of Food Fortification and Health
From Concepts to Public Health Applications

by Victor R. Preedy,Rajaventhan Srirajaskanthan,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-04
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1461470765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Food Fortification and Health: From Concepts to Public Health Applications Volume 1 represents a multidisciplinary approach to food fortification. This book aims to disseminate important material pertaining to the fortification of foods from strategic initiatives to public health applications. Optimal nutritional intake is an essential component of health and wellbeing. Unfortunately situations arise on a local or national scale when nutrient supply or intake is deemed to be suboptimal. As a consequence, ill health occurs affecting individual organs or causing premature death. In terms of public health, malnutrition due to micronutrient deficiency can be quite profound imposing economic and social burdens on individuals and whole communities. This comprehensive text examines the broad spectrum of food fortification in all its manifestations. Coverage includes sections on definitions of fortifications, fortified foods, beverages and nutrients, fortifications with micronutrients, biofortification, impact on individuals, public health concepts and issues, and selective methods and food chemistry. Handbook of Food Fortification and Health: From Concepts to Public Health Applications Volume 1 is an indispensable text designed for nutritionists, dietitians, clinicians and health related professionals.

Diabetes and Cancer

Diabetes and Cancer
Epidemiological Evidence and Molecular Links

by Kai Masur,Frank Thévenod,Kurt S. Zänker

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2008-01-01
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 380558640X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The interdisciplinary work revealing varied roles in biological processes of chronic diseases has led to a new field of research concerning common molecular and clinical features of chronic diseases. Epidemiological literature suggests an association between the history of metabolic syndrome/diabetes mellitus type 2 and the risk of developing a variety of cancers.This book, at the forefront of experimental and clinical research, is the first to highlight the common molecular links between these two diseases. These tight links indicate a complex interdependency between both diseases on a cellular and hormonal basis, which is influenced by a variety of aspects (e.g. nutritional, social and neuro-immunological factors). Special attention has been given to the fundamental role of the switch from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis of cancer cells - the Warburg effect.Offering insights into the interdisciplinary approaches of tomorrow, this publication will encourage endocrinologists, oncologists, diabetologists, general practitioners, diabetic nurses and students of life sciences working separately on various aspects of diabetes and cancer to come together and combine therapies and strategies.

Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement

Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement
A Book

by Vinod Krishnan,Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman,Ze'ev Davidovitch

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-08
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1119608945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition continues to be an authoritative reference to the scientific foundations underpinning clinical orthodontics The newly and thoroughly revised Third Edition of Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement delivers a comprehensive reference for orthodontic trainees and specialists. It is fully updated to include new chapters on personalized orthodontics as well as the inflammatory process occurring in the dental and paradental tissues. It is heavily illustrated throughout, making it easier for readers to understand and retain the information discussed within. The topics covered range from bone biology, the effects of mechanical loading on tissues and cells, genetics, tissue remodeling, and the effects of diet, drugs, and systemic diseases. The Third Edition of Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement features seven sections that cover subjects such as: The development of biological concepts in orthodontics, including the cellular and molecular biology behind orthodontic tooth movement Mechanics meets biology, including the effects of mechanical loading on hard and soft tissues and cells, and biological reactions to temporary anchorage devices Inflammation and orthodontics, including markers for tissue remodeling in the gingival crevicular fluid and saliva Personalized diagnosis and treatment based on genomic criteria, including the genetic influences on orthodontic tooth movement Rapid orthodontics, including methods to accelerate or decelerate orthodontic tooth movement Perfect for residents and PhD students of orthodontic and periodontal programs, Biological Mechanisms of Tooth Movement is also useful to academics, clinicians, bone biologists, and researchers with an interest in the mechanics and biology of tooth movement.

Nutrition in the Childbearing Years

Nutrition in the Childbearing Years
A Book

by Emma Derbyshire

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-10-24
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1444344773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In a field saturated with complex and conflicting information, this exciting new book covers information about nutrition before, during and after pregnancy in a clear and user friendly style. The author addresses all the major aspects of the subject, moving from fertility and preparing the body for pregnancy, through to nutrient metabolism, diet and pregnancy outcome, weight gain, special needs, and postpartum changes and nutrition. This guide's evidence based approach will appeal to nutritionists and dietitians, and to many other health professionals who work with women in their childbearing years, including midwives, nurses and family practioners. Each chapter includes a useful set of appendices covering dietary requirements, nutritional composition of key foods and weight gain guidelines, as well as application in practice sections and a summary of key points.

Proceedings of the XIII International Congress of Nutrition

Proceedings of the XIII International Congress of Nutrition
Held Under the Auspices of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences, Brighton, UK, August 18-23 1985

by Thomas Geoffrey Taylor,N. K. Jenkins,International Union of Nutritional Sciences

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 977
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the ... International Congress of Nutrition

Proceedings of the ... International Congress of Nutrition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cancer

Cancer
Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants

by Victor R. Preedy,Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-18
  • Pages : 596
  • ISBN : 0128195630
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cancer: Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants, Second Edition, covers the science of oxidative stress in cancer and the potentially therapeutic usage of natural antioxidants in the diet or food matrix. The processes within the science of oxidative stress are described in concert with other processes, such as apoptosis, cell signaling, and receptor-mediated responses. This approach recognizes that diseases are often multifactorial and that oxidative stress is a single component. Other sections cover new organ site tumors—skin and liver cancer, the role of polymorphisms, cytochrome p450s, COX gene, fatty acids, apoptosis, T cells and mitochondria, prevention/protection with anthocyanins, esculetin, nanoparticles, and more. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, oncologists, nutritionists and other members of the biomedical field who are interested in enhancing treatment outcome, improving the quality of life of patients, and developing new treatments in the fight against cancer. Encompasses updated, revised and state-of-the-art information to advance cancer research Bridges the gaps between nutrition, oxidative stress, and cancer, presenting a holistic approach for health care and research Contains wide applicability to cancer research, from prevention to novel therapeutics