Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water
Solutions for Improving Water Quality

by Mamadou Diallo,Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2009-02-12
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 9780815519737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The World Health Organization in 2004 estimated approximately 1.1 billion people did not have access to clean water and that 35% of Third World residents died from water-borne illnesses. While the situation is grim, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on research in water quality and Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. Here you will find detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. The first four parts of the book cover specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. For instance, recent advances show that many of the current problems involving water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book also discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors. The final part discusses the inherent societal implications that may affect acceptance of widespread applications. Over 80 leading experts from around the world share their wealth of knowledge in this truly unique reference. Institutions such as Center for the Purification of Water and Systems (Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign); UCLA Water Technology Center; Carnegie Mellon University, University of Kentucky; The University of Western Ontario; Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (Japan), Munasinghe Institute for Development (Sri Lanka) and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars are just a few of the knowledge centers represented in this book. Water quality is a serious, global issue in which government bodies and scientific communities face many challenges in ensuring clean water is available to everyone. Nanotechnology is already showing dramatic results, and this book is an attempt to share current technologies and future possibilities in reaching this goal. From the Foreword: "Researchers and practitioners may find in this volume, key challenges regarding clean water resources. The presentations may crystallize new research and education programs." - Mihail Roco, U.S. National Science Foundation and U.S. Nanotechnology Initiative • Contributors from the US, India, Canada, Japan, UK, Sri Lanka, and South Africa • Provides detailed information on breakthroughs, cutting edge technologies, current research, and future trends that may affect acceptance of widespread applications • Covers specific topics including using nanotechnology for clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. • Discusses existing technologies and future potential for groundwater remediation, pollution prevention, and sensors • Highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water
Solutions for Improving Water Quality

by Anita Street,Richard Sustich,Jeremiah Duncan,Nora Savage

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2014-05-15
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 1455731854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water
A Book

by Nora F. Savage

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solutions for Improving Water Quality

Solutions for Improving Water Quality
Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

by Khalid Attia

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014-12-18
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 9781505530209
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form "nanotechnologies" as well as "nanoscale technologies" to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Through its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the USA has invested 3.7 billion dollars. The European Union has invested[when?] 1.2 billion and Japan 750 million dollars.

Solutions for Improving Water Quality

Solutions for Improving Water Quality
Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water, Second Edition

by Munib Kassab

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014-12-18
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 9781505545074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form "nanotechnologies" as well as "nanoscale technologies" to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Through its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the USA has invested 3.7 billion dollars. The European Union has invested[when?] 1.2 billion and Japan 750 million dollars.

Polymeric Materials for Clean Water

Polymeric Materials for Clean Water
A Book

by Rasel Das

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-09-27
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 303000743X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gives an overview of recent developments in the synthesis of macromolecules for water purification applications. The preparation of these polymers from organic and inorganic starting materials is described. Important post-polymerization modifications, introduction of functional groups and production of supramolecular assemblies and nanomaterials are shown. The synthesized materials are presented with their interesting properties and broad areas of applications. A comprehensive discussion about the engineering aspect and the usage in water treatment as well as environmental issues is given. The wide variety of materials and their synthesis techniques will encourage scientists in developing new synthesis routes and materials, whereby engineers will be encouraged to find new possible applications.

Nanotechnology for Environmental Decontamination

Nanotechnology for Environmental Decontamination
A Book

by Manoj Kumar Ram,E. Silvana Andreescu,Ding Hanming

  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Release : 2011-06-01
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0071702806
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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CUTTING-EDGE NANOTECHNOLOGY TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DECONTAMINATION Written by a team of global experts, Nanotechnology for Environmental Contamination covers the latest methods for using nanomaterials, processes, and tools to remediate toxin-contaminated water, air, soil, groundwater, and wastewater. This groundbreaking work discusses the use of nanotechnology to neutralize microbes, pesticides, heavy metals, industrial chemicals, chemical and biological warfare agents, and other toxic substances. In-depth details on the physics, chemistry, and technology of nanomaterials, nanostructures, and nanotechnology for decontamination are included in this authoritative resource. Preparation and application of inner skin hollow fiber nanoporous membrane Photocatalytic inactivation of water and air pollution Application of nano TiO, catalyst in wastewater treatment Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants at nanosemiconductor film electrodes under visible light irradiation Disinfection of microbes by nanoparticles Water disinfection and wastewater decontamination by solar photocatalysis using nanomaterials The role of nanotechnology for decontamination of chemical warfare agents Nanostructured bioassemblies for environmental bioremediation Reactive nanoparticles for the treatment of chlorinated dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPL) in soil and groundwater Persistent pesticides: detection and control using nanotechnology Decontaminating chemical and biological warfare agents and related toxins with nanomaterials

Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment

Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment
A Book

by Mikel Duke,Dongyuan Zhao,Rafael Semiat

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 3527668489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membranes have emerged over the last 30 years as a viable water treatment technology. Earth's population is growing and the need for alternative ways to generate potable water is rising. The recent advent of nanotechnology opens the door to improving processes in membrane technology, which is a promising step on the way to solving the earth's potable water problem. Current performance is enhanced and new concepts are possible by engineering on the nanoscale. This book presents key areas of nanotechnology such as fouling tolerant and robust membranes, enhanced destruction of pollutants and faster monitoring of water quality. 'Functional Nanostructured Materials and Membranes for Water Treatment' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. G.Q. Max Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Nanotechnology Regulation and Policy Worldwide

Nanotechnology Regulation and Policy Worldwide
A Book

by Jeffrey H. Matsuura

  • Publisher : Artech House Publishers
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The emerging commercial application of nanotechnology involves devices, processes, and materials that are manipulated at the atomic and molecular level. This first-of-its-kind resource identifies and describes the legal and policy initiatives aimed at encouraging or restricting nanotech research and applications.

Advanced Research in Nanosciences for Water Technology

Advanced Research in Nanosciences for Water Technology
A Book

by Ram Prasad,Thirugnanasambandham Karchiyappan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-04
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN : 3030023818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The establishment of clean, safe water is one of the major challenges facing societies around the globe. The continued urbanization of human populations, the increasing manipulation of natural resources, and the resulting pollution are driving remarkable burden on water resources. Increasing demands for food, energy, and natural resources are expected to continue to accelerate in the near future in response to the demands of these changing human populations. In addition, the complexity of human activities is leading to a diversity of new chemical contaminants in the environment that represent a major concern for water managers. This will create increased pressure on both water quantity and quality, making it increasingly difficult to provide a sustainable supply of water for human welfare and activities. Although protection of water resources is the best long-term solution, we will also need innovative novel approaches and technologies to water treatment to ensure an adequate superior quality resource to meet these needs. Solving tomorrow’s water issues will require unique approaches that incorporate emerging new technologies. Great advances have been made in the area of nanotechnology. Due to their unique physical and chemical properties, nanomaterials are extensively used in antibacterial medical products, membrane filters, electronics, catalysts, and biosensors. Nanoparticles can have distinctly different properties from their bulk counterparts, creating the opportunity for new materials with a diversity of applications. Recent developments related to water treatment include the potential use of carbon nanotubes, nanocompositae, nanospheres, nanofibers, and nanowires for the removal of a diversity of chemical pollutants. By exploiting the assets and structure of these new materials, such as increased surface area, high reactivity, and photocatalytic action, it will be possible to create technologies that can be very efficient at removing and degrading environmental pollutants. Understanding and using these unique properties should lead to innovative, cost-effective applications for addressing the complexities of emerging needs for water treatment and protection. Although still in the early stages, research into the application of nanotechnology shows great promise for solving some of these major global water issues. This comprehensive text describes the latest research and application methods in this rapidly advancing field.

Nanotechnology Applications in Energy and Environment

Nanotechnology Applications in Energy and Environment
A Book

by Mikrajuddin Abdullah,Kikuo Okuyama,Khairurrijal Khairurrijal

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2013-01-25
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 3038260037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This book contains some 32 peer reviewed papers on applications of nanotechnology in energy and environment. Some of the papers describe the development of nanoparticle-based solar cells, new technique for decomposing organic pollutant in water and, using nanotechnology in oil recovery especially for heavy oil lifting. Synthesis, characterizations, and applications of nanomaterial are also discussed. This book will be a good reference for researchers in the corresponding field.

The OECD Annual Report

The OECD Annual Report
Report by the Secretary-General

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification

Nanoscale Materials in Water Purification
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Daniel Pasquini,Shao-Yuan Leu,Deepu A Gopakumar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-14
  • Pages : 890
  • ISBN : 0128139277
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Novel nanoscale materials are now an essential part of meeting the current and future needs for clean water, and are at the heart of the development of novel technologies to desalinate water. The unique properties of nanomaterials and their convergence with current treatment technologies present great opportunities to revolutionize water and wastewater treatment. Nanoscale Materials for Water Purification brings together sustainable solutions using novel nanomaterials to alleviate the physical effects of water scarcity. This book covers a wide range of nanomaterials, including noble metal nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles, dendrimers, bioactive nanoparticles, polysaccharidebased nanoparticles, nanocatalysts, and redox nanoparticles for water purification. Significant properties and characterization methods of nanomaterials such as surface morphology, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacities are also investigated Explains how the unique properties of a range of nanomaterials makes them important water purification agents Shows how the use of nanotechnology can help create cheaper, more reliable, less energy-intensive, more environmentally friendly water purification techniques Includes case studies to show how nanotechnology has successfully been integrated into water purification system design

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A Book

by Gabor L. Hornyak,H.F. Tibbals,Joydeep Dutta,John J. Moore

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 1593
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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PerspectivesIntroductionNanoscience and Nanotechnology-The DistinctionHistorical PerspectivesAdvanced MaterialsTools of NanoNature's Take on Nano and the Advent of Molecular BiologyThe Nano PerspectiveSocietal Implications of NanoIntroduction to Societal IssuesEthical ImplicationsLegal ImplicationsEnvironmental ImplicationsPublic PerceptionFuture of Nanotechnology NanotoolsCharacterization MethodsCharacterization of NanomaterialsElectron Probe MethodsScanning Probe Microscopy MethodsSpectroscopic MethodsNonradiative and Nonelectron Characterization MethodsFabrication MethodsFabrication of Nano.

Nano-hype

Nano-hype
The Truth Behind the Nanotechnology Buzz

by David M. Berube

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 521
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synopsis: Nanotechnology appears in the plot lines of dozens of films, books, and TV commercials. Some scientists and policy makers are hailing its potential as a driver of the next industrial revolution, and others are warning of its negative implications for the environment, health, and society. Berube (communication studies, U. of South Carolina) works to get to the bottom of it all with a heft assessment of the state of the science and politics of nanoscience and current claims for and against its uses.-Book News.

Multi-Functional Nanomaterials and their Emerging Applications

Multi-Functional Nanomaterials and their Emerging Applications
A Book

by Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Nay Ming Huang,R. Jothilakshmi

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2014-03-24
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 3038264482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). The multi-functional properties of nanomaterials offer a wide range of opportunities for addressing several research and development challenges in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Multi-functional nanomaterials find wide application in a variety of sectors including agriculture, medicine, telecommunications, disaster management and environmental conservation.The focus of this special topic volume is on multifunctional nanomaterial development and their emerging applications towards commercialization. This special topic illustrates a new pathway to achieve novel practical applications using nanomaterials. This special topic can be utilized as a text for researchers as well as graduate students who are interested in nanomaterials based applications. This special topic volume is multidisciplinary by nature. The readers can acquire the necessary knowledge in physics, chemistry and biology related to these multifunctional applications which are associated with the emerging nanomaterials.

The Environmental Applications and Implications of Nanotechnology in Membrane-based Separations for Water Treatment

The Environmental Applications and Implications of Nanotechnology in Membrane-based Separations for Water Treatment
A Book

by Wenqian Shan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A New Generation Material Graphene: Applications in Water Technology

A New Generation Material Graphene: Applications in Water Technology
A Book

by Mu. Naushad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-20
  • Pages : 471
  • ISBN : 331975484X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a unique collection of up-to-date applications of graphene for water science. Because water is an invaluable resource and the intelligent use and maintenance of water supplies is one of the most important and crucial challenges that stand before mankind, new technologies are constantly being sought to lower the cost and footprint of processes that make use of water resources as potable water as well as water for agriculture and industry, which are always in desperate demand. Much research is focused on graphene for different water treatment uses. Graphene, whose discovery won the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics, has been a shining star in the material science in the past few years. Owing to its interesting electrical, optical, mechanical and chemical properties, graphene has found potential applications in a wide range of areas, including water purification technology. A new type of graphene-based filter could be the key to managing the global water crisis. According to the World Economic Forum's Global Risks Report, lack of access to safe, clean water is the biggest risk to society over the coming decade. Yet some of these risks could be mitigated by the development of this filter, which is so strong and stable that it can be used for extended periods in the harshest corrosive environments, and with less maintenance than other filters on the market. The graphene-based filter could be used to filter chemicals, viruses, or bacteria from a range of liquids. It could be used to purify water, dairy products or wine, or in the production of pharmaceuticals. This book provides practical information to all those who are involved in this field.

Advanced Research on Biochemical Materials and Nanotechnology Application

Advanced Research on Biochemical Materials and Nanotechnology Application
A Book

by Helen Zhang,David Jin,X.J. Zhao

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2013-01-11
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 3038139742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The volume contains selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2012 International Conference on Biochemical Materials and Nanotechnology Application (BMNA2012), December 22-23, 2012, Yichang, China. The papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Bio-, Chemical, Food Materials, Material Engineering and Technology; Chapter 2: Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology.

The Environmental Forum

The Environmental Forum
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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