Nazism, War and Genocide

Nazism, War and Genocide
New Perspectives on the History of the Third Reich

by Neil Gregor

  • Publisher : Liverpool University Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 9780859898065
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The history, psychology, and pathology of Nazism and its practices have been addressed by an almost limitless list of authors, historians, and researchers since the twilight of the Third Reich. This volume of specially commissioned essays from internationally recognized scholars, available for the first time in paperback, provides a new approach to Nazism in its full spectrum of influence—the history of its racial policy, social systemization, planning for war and genocide, and disturbing legacy. Featuring major authorities in the field, including Ian Kershaw, author of the best-selling biography Hitler, as well as notable British and American academics, Nazism, War and Genocide reflects on the most contemporary research available on the history of the Nazi movement, and shows how Nazism's radical ideological drive penetrated the most far-flung areas of German society and everyday life. Written in a clear and accessible style that will appeal to the general student while continuing to stimulate scholars, this remarkable volume reminds us that the crimes of the Third Reich were ultimately born of the decisions of a political, military, and administrative leadership of singular ambition, drive, and brutality—one whose uncomfortable legacy continues to haunt us in the present day.

Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany
A Very Short Introduction

by Jane Caplan

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 0198706952
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nazi Germany may have only lasted for 12 years, but it has left a legacy that still echoes with us today. This work discusses the emergence and appeal of the Nazi party, the relationship between consent and terror in securing the regime, the role played by Hitler himself, and the dark stains of war, persecution, and genocide left by Nazi Germany.

Holocaust Angst

Holocaust Angst
The Federal Republic of Germany and American Holocaust Memory since the 1970s

by Jacob S. Eder

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-07-01
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 019023783X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the face of an outpouring of research on Holocaust history, Holocaust Angst takes an innovative approach. It explores how Germans perceived and reacted to how Americans publicly commemorated the Holocaust. It argues that a network of mostly conservative West German officials and their associates in private organizations and foundations, with Chancellor Kohl located at its center, perceived themselves as the "victims" of the afterlife of the Holocaust in America. They were concerned that public manifestations of Holocaust memory, such as museums, monuments, and movies, could severely damage the Federal Republic's reputation and even cause Americans to question the Federal Republic's status as an ally. From their perspective, American Holocaust memorial culture constituted a stumbling block for (West) German-American relations since the late 1970s. Providing the first comprehensive, archival study of German efforts to cope with the Nazi past vis-à-vis the United States up to the 1990s, this book uncovers the fears of German officials-some of whom were former Nazis or World War II veterans-about the impact of Holocaust memory on the reputation of the Federal Republic and reveals their at times negative perceptions of American Jews. Focusing on a variety of fields of interaction, ranging from the diplomatic to the scholarly and public spheres, the book unearths the complicated and often contradictory process of managing the legacies of genocide on an international stage. West German decision makers realized that American Holocaust memory was not an "anti-German plot" by American Jews and acknowledged that they could not significantly change American Holocaust discourse. In the end, German confrontation with American Holocaust memory contributed to a more open engagement on the part of the West German government with this memory and eventually rendered it a "positive resource" for German self-representation abroad. Holocaust Angst offers new perspectives on postwar Germany's place in the world system as well as the Holocaust culture in the United States and the role of transnational organizations.

Beyond the Racial State

Beyond the Racial State
Rethinking Nazi Germany

by Devin O. Pendas,Mark Roseman,Richard F. Wetzell

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-11-16
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 131673286X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 'racial state' has become a familiar shorthand for the Third Reich, encapsulating its raison d'être, ambitions, and the underlying logic of its genocidal violence. The Nazi racial state's agenda is generally understood as a fundamental reshaping of society based on a new hierarchy of racial value. However, this volume argues that it is time to reappraise what race really meant under Nazism, and to question and complicate its relationship to the Nazis' agenda, actions, and appeal. Based on a wealth of new research, the contributors show that racial knowledge and racial discourse in Nazi Germany were far more contradictory and disparate than we have come to assume. They shed new light on the ways that racial policy worked and was understood, and consider race's function, content, and power in relation to society and nation, and above all, in relation to the extraordinary violence unleashed by the Nazis.

Tuberculosis and War

Tuberculosis and War
Lessons Learned from World War II

by J.F. Murray,R. Loddenkemper

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2018-03-27
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 331806095X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tuberculosis (TB) remains the largest cause of adult deaths from any single infectious disease, and ranks among the top 10 causes of death worldwide. When TB and war occur simultaneously, the inevitable consequences are disease, human misery, suffering, and heightened mortality. TB is, therefore, one of the most frequent and deadly diseases to complicate the special circumstances of warfare. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this book provides a comprehensive analysis of the status of TB before, during and after WWII in the 25 belligerent countries that were chiefly involved. It summarizes the history of TB up to the present day. A special chapter on “Nazi Medicine, Tuberculosis and Genocide” examines the horrendous, inhuman Nazi ideology, which during WWII used TB as a justification for murder, and targeted the disease by eradicating millions who were afflicted by it. The final chapter summarizes the lessons learned from WWII and more recent wars and recommends anti-TB measures for future conflicts. This publication is not only of interest to TB specialists and pulmonologists but also to those interested in public health, infectious diseases, war-related issues and the history of medicine. It should also appeal to nonmedical readers like journalists and politicians.

New Perspectives on Kristallnacht

New Perspectives on Kristallnacht
After 80 Years, the Nazi Pogrom in Global Comparison

by Steven J. Ross

  • Publisher : Purdue University Press
  • Release : 2019-12-15
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1612496164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On November 9 and 10, 1938, Nazi leadership unleashed an unprecedented orchestrated wave of violence against Jews in Germany, Austria, and the Sudetenland, supposedly in response to the assassination of a Nazi diplomat by a young Polish Jew, but in reality to force the remaining Jews out of the country. During the pogrom, Stormtroopers, Hitler Youth, and ordinary Germans murdered more than a hundred Jews (many more committed suicide) and ransacked and destroyed thousands of Jewish institutions, synagogues, shops, and homes. Thirty thousand Jews were arrested and sent to Nazi concentration camps. Volume 17 of the Casden Annual Review includes a series of articles presented at an international conference titled “New Perspectives on Kristallnacht: After 80 Years, the Nazi Pogrom in Global Comparison.” Assessing events 80 years after the violent anti-Jewish pogrom of 1938, contributors to this volume offer new cutting-edge scholarship on the event and its repercussions. Contributors include scholars from the United States, Germany, Israel, and the United Kingdom who represent a wide variety of disciplines, including history, political science, and Jewish and media studies. Their essays discuss reactions to the pogrom by victims and witnesses inside Nazi Germany as well as by foreign journalists, diplomats, Jewish organizations, and Jewish print media. Several contributors to the volume analyze postwar narratives of and global comparisons to Kristallnacht, with the aim of situating this anti-Jewish pogrom in its historical context, as well as its place in world history.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
A Book

by Arthur James Wells

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A History of Germany 1918-2014

A History of Germany 1918-2014
The Divided Nation

by Mary Fulbrook

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-12-31
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1118776143
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fourth edition of A History of Germany, 1918–2014: A Divided Nation introduces students to the key themes of 20th century German history, tracing the dramatic social, cultural, and political tensions in Germany since 1918. Now thoroughly updated, the text includes new coverage of the Euro crisis and a review of Angela Merkel’s Chancellorship. New edition of a well–known, classic survey by a leading scholar in the field, thoroughly updated for a new generation of readers Provides an overview of the turbulent history of Germany from the end of the First World War through the Third Reich and beyond, examining the character and consequences of war and genocide Treats German history from 1918 to 2014 from the perspectives of instability, division and reunification, covering East and West German history in equal depth Offers important reflections on Angela Merkel’s Chancellorship as it extends into a new term Concise, substantive coverage of this period make it an ideal resource for undergraduate students

Some Measure of Justice

Some Measure of Justice
The Holocaust Era Restitution Campaign of the 1990s

by Michael R. Marrus,University Michael R Marrus

  • Publisher : George L. Mosse Series in Mode
  • Release : 2009-10-02
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Can there ever be justice for the Holocaust? During the 1990s—triggered by lawsuits in the United States against Swiss banks, German corporations, insurance companies, and owners of valuable works of art—claimants and their lawyers sought to rectify terrible wrongs committed more than a half century earlier. Some Measure of Justice explores this most recent wave of justice-seeking for the Holocaust: what it has been, why it emerged when it did, how it fits with earlier reparation to the Jewish people, its significance for the historical representation of the Holocaust, and its implications for justice-seeking in our time. Writings on the subject of Holocaust reparations have largely come from participants, lawyers, philosophers, journalists, and social scientists specializing in restitution. In Some Measure of Justice Michael Marrus takes up the issue as a historian deeply involved with legal issues. He engages with larger questions about historical understanding and historical interpretation as they enter the legal arena. Ultimately this book asks, What constitutes justice for a great historic wrong? And, Is such justice possible? Winner, Helen and Stan Vine Canadian Jewish Book Award for Holocaust Literature

War of Extermination

War of Extermination
The German Military in World War II, 1941-1944

by Hannes Heer,Klaus Naumann

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 457
  • ISBN : 9781571812322
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Among the many myths about the relationship of Nazism to the mass of the German population, few proved more powerful in postwar West Germany than the notion that the Wehrmacht had not been involved in the crimes of the Third Reich. Former generals were particularly effective in spreading, through memoirs and speeches, the legend that millions of German soldiers had fought an honest and "clean" war and that mass murder, especially in the East, was entirely the work of Himmler's SS. This volume contains the most important contributions by distinguished historians who have thoroughly demolished this Wehrmacht myth. The picture that emerges from this collection is a depressing one and raises many questions about why "ordinary men" got involved as perpetrators and bystanders in an unprecedented program of extermination of "racially inferior" men, women, and children in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Those who have seen these terrible photos of mass executions and other atrocities, currently on show in an exhibition in Germany and soon to be in the United States, will find this volume most enlightening.

German Studies in North America

German Studies in North America
A Book

by Keith Duane Alexander,Annemarie Sammartino

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 1165
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Debates on the Holocaust

Debates on the Holocaust
A Book

by Tom Lawson

  • Publisher : Issues in Historiography
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Debates on the Holocaust is the first attempt to survey the development of Holocaust historiography for a generation. It analyses the development of history writing on the destruction of the European Jews from just before the end of the Second World War to the present day, and argues forcefully that history writing is as much about the present as it is the past. The book guides the reader through the major debates in Holocaust historiography and shows how all of these controversies are as much products of their own time as they are attempts to uncover the past. Debates on the Holocaust will appeal to sixth form and undergraduate students and their teachers, Holocaust historians and anyone interested in either the destruction of the European Jews or in the process by which we access and understand the past.

In the Shadow of Birkenau

In the Shadow of Birkenau
Ethical Dilemmas During and After the Holocaust

by John K. Roth

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 20
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Elie Wiesel said that all ethical values "must be revised in the shadow of Birkenau." According to Primo Levi, the Holocaust leaves ethics grey-zoned, i.e. makes it dysfunctional, losing its appeal. For the French philosopher Sarah Kofman, the Holocaust put into question the essence of human community (which, after all, can unite victims and perpetrators) and demands a "new humanism." Notes Michael Berenbaum's theory that the Holocaust has become a "negative absolute, " since everyone agrees that it was "wrong." However, the Holocaust signifies an immense human failure. It did ethics harm by showing how ethical teachings could be overridden, rendered dysfunctional, or even subverted to serve the interests of genocide.

The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War

The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War
Fascism, Populism, and Dictatorship in Twentieth Century Argentina

by Federico Finchelstein

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 0199930244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book tells the history of modern Argentina through the lens of political violence and ideology. It focuses on the theory and practice of the fascist idea in Argentine political culture throughout the twentieth century. It analyzes the connections between fascist theory and the Holocaust, antisemitism and the military junta's practices of torture and state violence (1976-1983), its networks of concentration camps and extermination. The destruction of the rule of law and military stateterror represent the end road of the twisted historical path of Argentine and Latin American dictatorships. The book emphasizes the genocidal dimensions of the persecution of Argentine Jewish victims, explaining why they were disproportionately victimized by the military dictatorship. The Dirty War was not a real war, Federico Finchelstein argues, but an illegal militarization of state repression. This popularized term needs to be explained in terms of the fascist genealogies that The Ideological Origins of the Dirty War explores. From a historical perspective, the Dirty War did not feature two combatants but rather victims and perpetrators. In fact, the state made "war" against its citizens. This state sanctioned terror had its roots in fascist ideology, tracing a history from the fascist movements of the interwar war years to the concentration camps. Argentine fascism shaped the country's political culture. The Argentine road to fascism was shaped in the 1920s and 1930s and from then on continued to acquire many political and ideological reformulations and personifications, from Peronism (1943-1955) to terrorist right-wing organizations in the 1960s (especially Tacuara and the Triple A) to the last military dictatorship (1976-1983).

After Eichmann

After Eichmann
Collective Memory and the Holocaust Since 1961

by David Cesarani

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9780415360159
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 1961 Adolf Eichmann went on trial in Jerusalem for his part in the Nazi persecution and mass murder of Europe's Jews. For the first time a judicial process focussed on the genocide against the Jews and heard Jewish witnesses to the catastrophe. The trial and the controversies it caused had a profound effect on shaping the collective memory of what became 'the Holocaust'. This volume, a special issue of the Journal of Israeli History, brings together new research by scholars from Europe, Israel and the USA.

Fascism

Fascism
A Very Short Introduction

by Kevin Passmore

  • Publisher : Oxford Paperbacks
  • Release : 2002-08-22
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 0192801554
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Kevin Passmore looks at the paradoxes of fascism from its origins in the political and social crisis of the late-nineteenth century, through the history of fascist movements and regimes in Italy and Germany, and the fortunes of 'failed' fascist movements in Romania, Hungary, and Spain. He examines how it used and uses propaganda and popular culture to propagate itself, and how its recent revival has come about.

State Crime

State Crime
Governments, Violence and Corruption

by Penny Green,Tony Ward

  • Publisher : Pluto Press (UK)
  • Release : 2004-01-20
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shows how transnational corporations use lobby groups to shape EU policy. New updated edition

I Shall Live

I Shall Live
Surviving the Holocaust Against All Odds

by Henry Orenstein

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN : 9780825305566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"I Shall Live" tells the gripping true story of the Orensteins, a Jewish family living in Poland during the Second World War. When Henry Orenstein and his siblings end up in a series of concentrations camps, Orenstein's bravery and quick thinking help him to save himself and his brothers from execution by playing a role in the greatest hoax ever pulled on the upper echelons of Nazi command, including Heinrich Himmler. Orenstein's lucid prose recreates this horrific time in history and his constant struggle for survival as the Nazis move him and his brothers through five concentration camps. His description of their roles in the fake Chemical Commando sheds new light on an incredible and generally unknown event in the history of the Holocaust. This edition of "I Shall Live" contains new evidence about this fake Commando, including letters to and from Himmler himself.

Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp

Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp
A Book

by Israel Gutman,Michael Berenbaum,United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 638
  • ISBN : 9780253208842
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Leading scholars from the united States, Israel, Poland, and other European countries provide a comprehensive account of what took place at the Auschwitz death camp. The book addresses the history of the camp, the technology and dimensions of the genocide carried out there, profiles of the perpetrators and the lives of inmates, underground resistance and escapes, and what the outside world knew about Auschwitz and when. 25 photos.

The Holocaust in American Life

The Holocaust in American Life
A Book

by Peter Novick

  • Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Release : 2000-09-20
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9780547349619
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Prize-winning historian Peter Novick illuminates the reasons Americans ignored the Holocaust for so long -- how dwelling on German crimes interfered with Cold War mobilization; how American Jews, not wanting to be thought of as victims, avoided the subject. He explores in absorbing detail the decisions that later moved the Holocaust to the center of American life: Jewish leaders invoking its memory to muster support for Israel and to come out on top in a sordid competition over what group had suffered most; politicians using it to score points with Jewish voters. With insight and sensitivity, Novick raises searching questions about these developments. Have American Jews, by making the Holocaust the emblematic Jewish experience, given Hitler a posthumous victory, tacitly endorsing his definition of Jews as despised pariahs? Does the Holocaust really teach useful lessons and sensitize us to atrocities, or, by making the Holocaust the measure, does it make lesser crimes seem "not so bad"? What are we to make of the fact that while Americans spend hundreds of millions of dollars for museums recording a European crime, there is no museum of American slavery?