Plant Disease Management in the Post-Genomic Era: From Functional Genomics to Genome Editing

Plant Disease Management in the Post-Genomic Era: From Functional Genomics to Genome Editing
A Book

by Sabrina Sarrocco,Alfredo Herrera-Estrella,David B. Collinge

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-03-16
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889635600
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Biotechnology: Progress in Genomic Era

Plant Biotechnology: Progress in Genomic Era
A Book

by S. M. Paul Khurana,Rajarshi Kumar Gaur

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-14
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN : 9811384991
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Refinement in sequencing technologies and potential of genomic research resulted in meteoric growth of biological information such as sequences of DNA, RNA and protein requiring databases for efficient storage, management and retrieval of the biological information. Also, computational algorithms for analysis of these colossal data became a vital aspect of biological sciences. The work aims to show the process of turning bioscience innovation into companies and products, covering the basic science, the translation of science into technology. Due to rapid developments, there seems to be no basic difference between the pharmaceutical industry and the biotechnological industry. However, approved products in the pipeline and renewed public confidence make it one of the most promising areas of economic growth in the near future. India offers a huge market for the products as well as cheap manufacturing base for export. The book is a sincere work of compilation of new and recent advances in the topic of concern through various innovative researches and scientific opinion therefrom. The book is dedicated to the readers who will definitely find it interesting and knowledgeable in carrying out their respective researches in different aspects of applied microbiology and biotechnology.

Plant Genomics

Plant Genomics
A Book

by Ibrokhim Y. Abdurakhmonov

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-07-14
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 9535124552
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant genomics aims to sequence, characterize, and study the genetic compositions, structures, organizations, functions, and interactions/networks of an entire plant genome. Its development and advances are tightly interconnected with proteomics, metabolomics, metagenomics, transgenomics, genomic selection, bioinformatics, epigenomics, phenomics, system biology, modern instrumentation, and robotics sciences. Plant genomics has significantly advanced over the past three decades in the land of inexpensive, high-throughput sequencing technologies and fully sequenced over 100 plant genomes. These advances have broad implications in every aspect of plant biology and breeding, powered with novel genomic selection and manipulation tools while generating many grand challenges and tasks ahead. This Plant genomics provides some updated discussions on current advances, challenges, and future perspectives of plant genome studies and applications.

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology
A Book

by Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-01-27
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 0081000715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants

Plant Genomes

Plant Genomes
A Book

by Jean-Nicolas Volff

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2008-01-01
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 3805584911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent major advances in the field of comparative genomics and cytogenomics of plants, particularly associated with the completion of ambitious genome projects, have uncovered astonishing facets of the architecture and evolutionary history of plant genomes. The aim of this book was to review these recent developments as well as their implications in our understanding of the mechanisms which drive plant diversity. New insights into the evolution of gene functions, gene families and genome size are presented, with particular emphasis on the evolutionary impact of polyploidization and transposable elements. Knowledge on the structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, centromeres and microRNAs is reviewed and updated. Taken together, the contributions by internationally recognized experts present a panoramic overview of the structural features and evolutionary dynamics of plant genomes.This volume of Genome Dynamics will provide researchers, teachers and students in the fields of biology and agronomy with a valuable source of current knowledge on plant genomes.

Genetically Engineered Crops

Genetically Engineered Crops
Experiences and Prospects

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2017-01-28
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 0309437385
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

New Frontiers in Stress Management for Durable Agriculture

New Frontiers in Stress Management for Durable Agriculture
A Book

by Amitava Rakshit,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Anand Kumar Singh,Uma Shankar Singh,Leonardo Fraceto

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-23
  • Pages : 660
  • ISBN : 9811513228
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using accessible farming practices to meet the growing demands on agriculture is likely to result in more intense competition for natural resources, increased greenhouse gas emissions, and further deforestation and land degradation, which will in turn produce additional stress in the soil-water-plant-animal continuum. Stress refers to any unfavorable force or condition that inhibits customary functioning in plants. Concurrent manifestations of different stresses (biotic and abiotic) are very frequent in the environment of plants, which consequently reduces yield. Better understanding stress not only changes our perspective on the current environment, but can also bring a wealth of benefits, like improving sustainable agriculture and human beings’ living standards. Innovative systems are called for that protect and enhance the natural resource base, while increasing productivity via ‘holistic’ approaches, such as agroecology, agro-forestry, climate-smart agriculture and conservation agriculture, which also incorporate indigenous and traditional knowledge. The book ‘New Frontiers in Stress Management for Durable Agriculture’ details the current state of knowledge and highlights scientific advances concerning novel aspects of plant biology research on stress, biotic and abiotic stress responses, as well as emergent amelioration and reclamation technologies to restore normal functioning in agroecology.

Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma

Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma
A Book

by Vijai G. Gupta,Monika Schmoll,Alfredo Herrera-Estrella,R. S. Upadhyay,Irina Druzhinina,Maria Tuohy

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2014-02-17
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN : 0444595945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biotechnology and Biology of Trichoderma serves as a comprehensive reference on the chemistry and biochemistry of one of the most important microbial agents, Trichoderma, and its use in an increased number of industrial bioprocesses for the synthesis of many biochemicals such as pharmaceuticals and biofuels. This book provides individuals working in the field of Trichoderma, especially biochemical engineers, biochemists and biotechnologists, important information on how these valuable fungi can contribute to the production of a wide range of products of commercial and ecological interest. Provides a detailed and comprehensive coverage of the chemistry, biochemistry and biotechnology of Trichoderma, fungi present in soil and plants Includes most important current and potential applications of Trichoderma in bioengineering, bioprocess technology including bioenergy & biofuels, biopharmaceuticals, secondary metabolites and protein engineering Includes the most recent research advancements made on Trichoderma applications in plant biotechnology and ecology and environment

Plant Genome Editing with CRISPR Systems

Plant Genome Editing with CRISPR Systems
Methods and Protocols

by Yiping Qi

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2019-02-19
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 9781493989904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides readers with wide-ranging coverage of CRISPR systems and their applications in various plant species. The chapters in this book discuss topics such as plant DNA repair and genome editing; analysis of CRISPR-induced mutations; multiplexed CRISPR/Cas9 systems; CRISPR-Cas12a (Cpf1) editing systems; and non-agrobacterium based CRISPR delivery systems. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and thorough, Plant Genome Editing with CRISPR Systems: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for any researcher interested in learning about and using CRISPR systems in plants.

Human Genome Editing

Human Genome Editing
Science, Ethics, and Governance

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2017-08-13
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0309452880
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Functional Genomics

Plant Functional Genomics
A Book

by Erich Grotewold

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 449
  • ISBN : 1592594131
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Erich Grotewold has assembled a team of leading plant scientists to describe in detail the most commonly used methods for investigating plant gene function in a wide variety of plants, during plant pathogen interactions, and even in algae. These readily reproducible protocols include computational, molecular, and genetic methodologies designed for both general and specific problems. Here the reader will learn about powerful computational and statistical tools to help predict gene function either on the basis of comparative genomics, or from the analysis of complex genome sequences. Numerous loss-of-function and gain-of-function techniques for discovering gene function are presented in step-by-step detail. Cutting-edge computational, molecular, and genetic protocols for establishing plant gene function Powerful combination of experimental and computer-based methods Loss-of-function and gain-of-function mutant analyses Comprehensive analysis of the bioinformatic tools available to interpret results Comprehensive bibliography.

Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems

Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems
A Book

by Vijay Tripathi,Pradeep Kumar,Pooja Tripathi,Amit Kishore,Madhu Kamle

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-23
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 981329860X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, microbiology is a rapidly growing discipline in the life sciences, and the technologies are evolving on a virtually daily basis. Next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized microbial analysis, and can help us understand the biology and genomic diversity of various bacterial species with significant impacts on agro-ecosystems. In addition, advances in molecular biology and microbiology techniques hold the potential to improve the productivity and sustainability of agriculture and forestry. This new volume addresses the role of microbial genomics in understanding the living systems that exist in the soil and their interactions with plants, an aspect that is also important for crop improvement. The topics covered focus on a deeper and clearer understanding of how microbes cause diseases, the genome-based development of novel antibacterial agents and vaccines, and the role of microbial genomics in crop improvement and agroforestry. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers and students of agriculture and infectious biology.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Crop Improvement through Microbial Biotechnology

by Ram Prasad,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Narendra Tuteja

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-02-20
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0444639888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Crop Improvement through Microbial Biotechnology explains how certain techniques can be used to manipulate plant growth and development, focusing on the cross-kingdom transfer of genes to incorporate novel phenotypes in plants, including the utilization of microbes at every step, from cloning and characterization, to the production of a genetically engineered plant. This book covers microbial biotechnology in sustainable agriculture, aiming to improve crop productivity under stress conditions. It includes sections on genes encoding avirulence factors of bacteria and fungi, viral coat proteins of plant viruses, chitinase from fungi, virulence factors from nematodes and mycoplasma, insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis, and herbicide tolerance enzymes from bacteria. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in crop improvement Lists various new developments in enhancing plant productivity and efficiency Explains the mechanisms of plant/microbial interactions and the beneficial use of these interactions in crop improvement Explores various bacteria classes and their beneficial effects in plant growth and efficiency

New Visions in Plant Science

New Visions in Plant Science
A Book

by Özge Çelik

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 1789237025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, progress in plant science and molecular technologies has grown considerably. This book focuses on plant biotechnology applications specializing in certain aspects of breeding and molecular marker-assisted selection processes, omic strategies, usage of bioinformatic tools, and nanotechnological improvements in agricultural sciences. Most farmers and breeders can no longer simply turn to the older strategies, and new instructions are needed to adapt their systems to achieve their production goals. The book covers new information on using metabolomics and nanotechnology in agriculture. In these circumstances, all new data and technology are very important in plant science. The topics in this book are practical and user-friendly. They allow practitioners, students, and academicians with specific background knowledge to feel confident about the principles presented on a new generation of molecular plant biotechnology applications.

Advanced Molecular Plant Breeding

Advanced Molecular Plant Breeding
Meeting the Challenge of Food Security

by D.N. Bharadwaj

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-29
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 1351358472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new volume provides a better understanding of molecular plant breeding in order to boost the quality of agriculture produce, to increase crop yields and to provide nutritious food for everyone by 2050. Scientists believe the challenge can be met by implementing new and improved techniques of quantitative trait inheritance in plant breeding. Integrating genomics and molecular biology into appropriate tools and methodologies can help to create genetically engineered plants, such as by using biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, molecular markers, ‘-omics’ technology, and genome editing.

Rediscovery of Genetic and Genomic Resources for Future Food Security

Rediscovery of Genetic and Genomic Resources for Future Food Security
A Book

by Romesh Kumar Salgotra,Sajad Majeed Zargar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-01-28
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 9811501564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes how the latest genomic resources techniques can be efficiently used in plant breeding programmes to achieve food security in the future. It also shares insights on how to utilize the untapped and unexplored genetic diversity of wild species, wild relatives and landraces for crop improvement. Moreover, the book offers an impressive array of balanced analyses, fresh ideas and perspectives, and thoughtful and realistic proposals regarding the sustainable utilization of plant genetic resources with modern biotechnological techniques. The first book to address the importance of plant genetics and genomic resources for food security, it brings together a group of plant breeders and biotechnologists to investigate the use of genomic resources techniques in plant breeding programmes. Providing essential information on the efficient utilization of genomic resources in precision breeding, it offers a valuable asset for undergraduate and graduate students, teachers and professionals engaged in related fields.

Concepts and Techniques in Genomics and Proteomics

Concepts and Techniques in Genomics and Proteomics
A Book

by N Saraswathy,P Ramalingam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-07-01
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 1908818050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concepts and techniques in genomics and proteomics covers the important concepts of high-throughput modern techniques used in the genomics and proteomics field. Each technique is explained with its underlying concepts, and simple line diagrams and flow charts are included to aid understanding and memory. A summary of key points precedes each chapter within the book, followed by detailed description in the subsections. Each subsection concludes with suggested relevant original references. Provides definitions for key concepts Case studies are included to illustrate ideas Important points to remember are noted

Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops

Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops
Vol. 1 Concepts and Strategies

by Chittaranjan Kole

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-18
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 3642370454
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is expected to have a drastic impact on agronomic conditions including temperature, precipitation, soil nutrients, and the incidence of disease pests, to name a few. To face this looming threat, significant progress in developing new breeding strategies has been made over the last few decades. The first volume of Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops presents the basic concepts and strategies for developing climate-resilient crop varieties. Topics covered include: conservation, evaluation and utilization of biodiversity; identification of traits, genes and crops of the future; genomic and molecular tools; genetic engineering; participatory and evolutionary breeding; bioinformatics tools to support breeding; funding and networking support; and intellectual property, regulatory issues, social and political dimensions. ​

Bioinformatics in the Era of Post Genomics and Big Data

Bioinformatics in the Era of Post Genomics and Big Data
A Book

by Ibrokhim Y. Abdurakhmonov

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-06-20
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 1789232686
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioinformatics has evolved significantly in the era of post genomics and big data. Huge advancements were made toward storing, handling, mining, comparing, extracting, clustering and analysis as well as visualization of big macromolecular data using novel computational approaches, machine and deep learning methods, and web-based server tools. There are extensively ongoing world-wide efforts to build the resources for regional hosting, organized and structured access and improving the pre-existing bioinformatics tools to efficiently and meaningfully analyze day-to-day increasing big data. This book intends to provide the reader with updates and progress on genomic data analysis, data modeling and network-based system tools.