Polymeric Membrane Synthesis, Modification, and Applications

Polymeric Membrane Synthesis, Modification, and Applications
Electro-Spun and Phase Inverted Membranes

by Chandan Das,Kibrom Alebel Gebru

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-12
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 0429998775
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membranes and membrane separation techniques have grown from a simple laboratory tool to an industrial process with considerable technical and commercial impact. The book deals with both the fundamental concepts of preparation, characterization and modification, practical applications along with recent advancements of electro-spun and phase inverted polymeric membranes. Divided into two parts, part one of this book covers the fundamental concepts and practical applications of novel electro-spun membranes while the latter covers basic concepts and further advancements of the conventional phase inverted membranes extensively. Key Features Covers fundamental concepts and practical applications of electro-spun and phase inverted polymeric membranes Includes general properties, characterization, preparation and modification of polymeric membranes Discusses advanced modification of polymeric membranes (functionalization, grafting) using phase inversion process, and effects of solubility parameter and additives on the phase inversion process Reviews electro-spun membranes for biomedical applications, industrial effluents treatment and removal of water contaminants Explores a separate economic analysis section for the discussed membranes

Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes

Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes
Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

by Tawfik Abdo Saleh,Vinod Kumar Gupta

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-02-25
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 0128014407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications presents a unique collection of up-to-date polymeric nanomaterial membranes. The book offers a perfect source to document state-of-the-art developments and innovations in nanocomposite membranes, ranging from materials development and characterization of properties to membrane applications. The book discusses applications that encompass the enhancement of sorption and degradation processes and their usage for the removal of different pollutants, including heavy metals, dyes, pesticides, and other organic and inorganic pollutants from the industry. Presents a powerful single source for the development of new, rapid, and highly efficient membrane composites Offers a perfect source to document state-of-the-art developments and innovations in nanocomposite membranes, ranging from materials development and characterization of properties to membrane applications Covers applications in membrane science, water treatment, and the removal of pollutants from waste water Provides theoretical and practical information about the synthesis and application of polymeric nanocomposite membranes Includes instructor support material available at textbooks.elsevier.com

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes
Characterization by Atomic Force Microscopy

by K. C. Khulbe,C. Y. Feng,Takeshi Matsuura

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-12-03
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9783540739944
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Researchers in polymeric membranes as well as R&D professionals will find this work an essential addition to the literature. It concentrates on the method recently developed to study the surfaces of synthetic polymeric membranes using an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), which is fast becoming a very important tool. Each chapter includes information on basic principles, commercial applications, an overview of current research and guidelines for future research.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications

Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications
A Book

by Woei Jye Lau,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Arun M. Isloor,Amir Al-Ahmed

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-21
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN : 0128145048
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Nanomaterials for Membrane Synthesis and Its Applications provides the academic and industrial communities the most up-to-date information on the latest trends in membrane nanomaterials and membrane nanotechnology used in wastewater treatment, environmental technology and energy. The rapid advances in nanomaterials and nanotechnology development over the past decade have resulted in significant growth of the membrane business for various industrial processes, particularly in nanotechnology-based membrane processes. While membrane technology is increasingly being used for liquid and gas separations, it has great potential in a variety of additional applications. As the worldwide academic community has a strong interest in advanced membrane processes, particularly membrane nanotechnology for specific separations, this book provides a timely update on the topic. Presents a unique focus on the use of advanced nanomaterials in membrane fabrication/modification, and in the description of membrane nanotechnologies, such as nanofiltration, thin film nanocomposites and nanofibers for various applications Describes next generation membranes, providing first resource details on the development and commercialization stages of these new membranes Represents the state-of-the-art on the use of nanomaterials in membrane science

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes

Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes
Smart Polymeric Membranes

by Mihir Kumar Purkait,Manish Kumar Sinha,Piyal Mondal,Randeep Singh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-09-11
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 0128139625
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stimuli Responsive Polymeric Membranes: Smart Polymeric Membranes explains the fundamentals and advances in topics relating to the field of membrane science. It elaborately explains concepts relating to stimuli responsive membranes, with special importance given down to minute details. Material selection, preparation, characterization and applications of various stimuli responsive membranes are extensively addressed, and their relevance (including examples) is included. The book covers history and development, merits and demerits, mechanisms of transport and fouling, applicability of membranes to various diverse areas, and preparation and characterization techniques of membranes. Next, the concept of fouling and its remedial actions is discussed. Finally, promising fields of research in the membrane science and future perspectives of membrane science field are explored. Provides basic and advanced knowledge of smart membranes, considering their morphological, physicochemical and separation characteristics Written in a clear and lucid style, keeping a diverse audience in mind Based on the state-of-art research of the authors

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability

Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability
A Book

by Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Wan Norharyati Wan Salleh,Norhaniza Yusof

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-14
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0128184868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthetic Polymeric Membranes for Advanced Water Treatment, Gas Separation, and Energy Sustainability is a cutting-edge guide that focuses on advanced water treatment applications, covering oily wastewater treatment, desalination, removal of dyes and pigments, photodegradation of organic hazardous materials, heavy metal removal, removal and recovery of nutrients, and volatile organic compounds. Other sections examine the area of gas separation, including acidic gas removal, oxygen enrichment, gas and vapor separation, hydrogen separation, and gas sensing. Final sections cover applications for sustainable energy usage, including the use of synthetic polymer membranes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), and more. This is a highly valuable guide for researchers, scientists, and advanced students, working with polymer membranes and films, and across polymer science, polymer chemistry, materials science, chemical e Explains the design, preparation and characterization of synthetic polymer-based membranes for advanced applications Provides a clear picture of the state-of-the-art in the field, including novel fabrication approaches and the latest advances in physico-chemical characterizations Supports the development and implementation of innovative, sustainable solutions to water treatment, gas separation and energy devices

Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation

Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation
A Book

by Pei Sean Goh,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-07
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 0128194073
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The development of a new class of nanocomposite membranes has served as one of the most prominent strategies to address the intrinsic limitations of conventionally used polymeric and inorganic membranes. Nanocomposite membranes consist of nanosized inorganic nanomaterials that are incorporated into the structure of continuous polymer matrices. Owing to the exceptional properties exhibited by the nanomaterials, the resultant nanocomposite membranes demonstrate higher selectivity and permeability that surpass the Robeson upper boundary limit. Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation provides a comprehensive review of the advances made in the development and application of gas separation nanocomposite membranes. In particular, the book covers the focuses on the fabrication, modification, characterization and applications of nanocomposite membranes for gas separation. It is an important reference source both for materials scientists, environmental engineers and chemical engineers who are looking to understand how nanocomposite membranes are being used to create better techniques for gas separation. Provides detailed insights in the fabrication, modification, characterization and applications of nanocomposite membranes for gas separation Shows how nanotechnology is being used to address current limitations of the development of polymeric and inorganic membranes for gas separation, including low separation performance in terms of permeability and selectivity Explores the potential of nanocomposite membranes to help create more effective gas separation techniques

Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials

Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials
Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials, and Biomedical Fields

by Sabu Thomas,Miran Mozetic,Uros Cvelbar,Petr Spatenka,K.M. Praveen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-10-08
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 0128131535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Polymeric Materials: Applications in Composites, Nanostructured Materials and Biomedical Fields provides both an introduction and practical guide to plasma synthesis, modification and processing of polymers, their composites, nancomposites, blends, IPNs and gels. It examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the field, including the use of plasma treatment to enhance adhesion, characterization techniques, and the environmental aspects of the process. Particular attention is paid to the effects on the final properties of composites and the characterization of fiber/polymer surface interactions. This book helps demystify the process of plasma polymerization, providing a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of plasma technology as they relate to polymers. It is ideal for materials scientists, polymer chemists, and engineers, acting as a guide to further research into new applications of this technology in the real world. Enables materials scientists and engineers to deploy plasma technology for surface treatment, characterization and analysis of polymeric materials Reviews the state-of-the-art in plasma technology for polymer synthesis and processing Presents detailed coverage of the most advanced applications for plasma polymerization, particularly in medicine and biomedical engineering, areas such as implants, biosensors and tissue engineering

Biopolymer Grafting: Synthesis and Properties

Biopolymer Grafting: Synthesis and Properties
A Book

by Vijay Kumar Thakur

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-09-27
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 0128104619
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biopolymer Grafting: Synthesis and Properties presents the latest research and developments in fundamental of synthesis and properties of biopolymer-based graft copolymers. The book presents a broad overview of the biopolymer grafting process, along with trends in the field. It also introduces a range of grafting methods which lead to materials with enhanced properties for a range of practical applications, along with the positives and limitations of these techniques. The book bridges the knowledge gap between the scientific principles and industrial applications of polymer grafting. This book covers synthesis and characterization of graft-copolymers of plant polysaccharides, functional separation membranes from grafted biopolymers, and polysaccharides in alternative methods for insulin delivery. Recent trends and advances in this area are discussed, assisting materials scientists and researchers in mapping out the future of these new "green" materials through value addition to enhance their use. Introduces polymer researchers to a promising, rapidly developing method for modifying naturally derived biopolymers Provides a one-stop shop covering synthesis, properties, characterization and graft copolymerization of bio-based polymeric materials Increases familiarity with a range of biopolymer grafting processes, enabling materials scientists and engineers to improve material properties and widen the range of potential biopolymer applications

Biodegradable Poly (Lactic Acid)

Biodegradable Poly (Lactic Acid)
Synthesis, Modification, Processing and Applications

by Jie Ren

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-04-05
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 3642175961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Biodegradable Poly (Lactic Acid): Synthesis, Modification, Processing and Applications" describes the preparation, modification, processing, and the research and applications of biodegradable poly (lactic acid), which belong to the biomedical and environment-friendly materials. Highly illustrated, the book introduces systematically the synthesis, physical and chemical modifications, and the latest developments of research and applications of poly (lactic acid) in biomedical materials. The book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the fields of materials science and engineering, polymer science and engineering, biomedicine, chemistry, environmental sciences, textile science and engineering, package materials, and so on. Dr. Jie Ren is a professor at the Institute of Nano and Bio-Polymeric Materials, School of Material Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials
A Book

by Buddy D. Ratner,David G. Castner

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 1489919538
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of synthetic materials in medicine date back over 4000 year2. The Egyptians used linen as sutures. In the Roman Empire, gold was used in dentistry. Perhaps even earlier, ivory and bone may have been used in the body by practitioners of the healing arts. The historical origins of modem biomaterials science are also hard to precisely trace, but many of the ideas that define biomaterials as we know them today evolved in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Surface modification technology has played a prominent role in biomaterials science, and has paralleled the evolution of the modem field. In a symposium organized by the Artifical Heart Program of the NIH National Heart Institute and the Artificial Kidney program of the NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1968, there were already a number of presentations on surface modification. Surface characterization at that time included scanning electron microscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle methods, and infrared internal reflection methods.

Surface Modification of Polymers

Surface Modification of Polymers
Methods and Applications

by Jean Pinson,Damien Thiry

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-12-23
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 3527345418
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to modifying and functionalizing the surfaces of polymers Surface Modification of Polymers is an essential guide to the myriad methods that can be employed to modify and functionalize the surfaces of polymers. The functionalization of polymer surfaces is often required for applications in sensors, membranes, medicinal devices, and others. The contributors?noted experts on the topic?describe the polymer surface in detail and discuss the internal and external factors that influence surface properties. This comprehensive guide to the most important methods for the introduction of new functionalities is an authoritative resource for everyone working in the field. This book explores many applications, including the plasma polymerization technique, organic surface functionalization by initiated chemical vapor deposition, photoinduced functionalization on polymer surfaces, functionalization of polymers by hydrolysis, aminolysis, reduction, oxidation, surface modification of nanoparticles, and many more. Inside, readers will find information on various applications in the biomedical field, food science, and membrane science. This important book: -Offers a range of polymer functionalization methods for biomedical applications, water filtration membranes, and food science -Contains discussions of the key surface modification methods, including plasma and chemical techniques, as well as applications for nanotechnology, environmental filtration, food science, and biomedicine -Includes contributions from a team of international renowned experts Written for polymer chemists, materials scientists, plasma physicists, analytical chemists, surface physicists, and surface chemists, Surface Modification of Polymers offers a comprehensive and application-oriented review of the important functionalization methods with a special focus on biomedical applications, membrane science, and food science.

Phosphorus-Based Polymers

Phosphorus-Based Polymers
From Synthesis to Applications

by Sophie Monge ,Ghislain David

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2014-05-30
  • Pages : 335
  • ISBN : 1849736464
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phosphorus-containing (co)polymers are gaining wide appeal for many uses, from healthcare and medicine to energy and environmental applications. Phosphorus-Based Polymers is the first book dedicated to this topic and provides a comprehensive overview of the different polymers and their uses. The first part of the book covers the synthesis and polymerisation of different phosphorus containing systems including phosphorus containing (meth)acrylate, (meth)acrylamide and viny or allyl monomers, as well as vinyl phosphonic acid, 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine, poly(phosphoesters)and polyphosphazenes. The second part of the book contains specific chapters detailing different applications such as biomedical applications in dental materials, tissue engineering and drug delivery, metal complexation for anti-corrosion and wastewater purification materials, fire retardant additives and fuel cell membranes. Written by expert researchers in the chemistry of phosphorus-containing polymers, this book is suitable for academic and industrial researchers interested in polymer and materials synthesis as well as their applications.

Tailored Polymers and Applications

Tailored Polymers and Applications
A Book

by Yagci,Mishra,Nuyken,Ito

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-04-28
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 1000083128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains a selection of papers presented at APME '99 ( Third International Symposium on Advanced Polymers via Macromolecular Engineering --- Colonial Williamsburg, VA, USA, July/August 1999). The book focuses on the synthesis of targeted polymers with specific properties using macromolecular architecture. Various controlled polymerization

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Soney C. George,Thomasukutty Jose

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-03
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0128167858
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation assesses recent applications in the pervaporation performance of polymer nanocomposites of different length scales. The book discusses the effects of a range of nanofillers, their dispersion, the effect of different polymers, and organic and inorganic nanomaterials in the pervaporation process. In addition, the book explores how the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite materials make them better for use in different types of liquids, while also discussing the challenges of using different nanocomposites for this purpose effectively and safely. In particular, polymer nanocomposites for g nanoscale dispersion, filler/polymer interactions, and morphology are addressed. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, chemical engineers and environmental engineers who want to learn more about how polymer nanocomposites are being used to make the pervaporation separation process more effective.

Advanced Materials for Membrane Fabrication and Modification

Advanced Materials for Membrane Fabrication and Modification
A Book

by Stephen Gray,Toshinori Tsuru,Yoram Cohen,Woei-Jye Lau

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-08-30
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1351730886
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membranes are an energy efficient separation technology that are now the basis for many water treatment and food processing applications. However, there is the potential to improve the operating performance of these separations and to extend the application of membranes to energy production, gas separations, organic solvent-based separations, and biomedical applications through novel membrane materials. This book contains 20 chapters written by leading academic researchers on membrane fabrication and modification techniques and provides a comprehensive overview on the recent developments of membrane technology. Membranes can be manufactured from a range of materials including polymeric compounds, and ceramic materials, and both these materials are considered in the book. There are 5 chapters on water and wastewater membranes that cover the fabrication of thin film (TFC) composite membranes for nanofiltration(NF)/reverse osmosis (RO)/forward osmosis (FO) applications, stimuli responsive membranes, electrospun membranes, porous ceramic membranes, and polymeric ultrafiltration (UF) manufacture and modification. There are another 6 chapters on gas separation that consider carbon membranes, zeolite membranes, silica template and metal oxide silica membranes, TFC membranes, silica membranes, and metal organic framework (MOF) membranes. Zeolite membranes are also considered for organic solvent applications, as are solvent-resistant membranes manufactured by phase inversion, ceramic-supported composite membranes, and ceramic NF membranes. The emerging areas of membranes for energy and biomedical applications have 3 and 2 chapters, respectively. Energy applications consider ion exchange membranes for use in fuel cells, membranes for electrodialysis, and membranes for use in microbial fuel cells. For biomedical applications the chapters focus on hemodialysis membranes and redox responsive membranes.

Novel Applications in Polymers and Waste Management

Novel Applications in Polymers and Waste Management
A Book

by Badal Jageshwar Prasad Dewangan,Maheshkumar Narsingrao Yenkie

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-19
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 1771884762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on exciting new research in polymer science. The first section of the book deals with new advancements in polymer technology, which includes polymers that are responsible for progress in the field of energy, electronics, and medical sciences. It focuses on the most promising polymer nanocomposites and nanomaterials. Composites are becoming more important because they can help to improve quality of life. The second section of the book highlights this aspect of macromolecules, while the third section emphasizes biopolymers, their development, and applications.

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment

Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment
A Book

by Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Sacide Alsoy Altinkaya,Jochen Bundschuh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-07-14
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 1351715267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Membrane Formation and Modification

Membrane Formation and Modification
A Book

by Ingo Pinnau (ed.),Benny D. Freeman

  • Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written for polymer chemists and chemical engineers, this book focuses on advances in the principal industrial approaches to the preparation of membranes, the formation of thin film composite membranes, and asymmetric membranes.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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