Reducing Inter-generational Ethnic Poverty

Reducing Inter-generational Ethnic Poverty
Economics, Psychology and Culture

by Greg Clydesdale

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-11-29
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 1000261182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book looks at human capital development and provides an explanation for why cognitive development varies among ethnic groups. The book uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine inter-generational ethnic poverty. It puts forth an argument that the ethnic poverty gap can be reduced, and to do so we need a broader view of human capital which considers the match between the nature of the economy and the specific capabilities needed. The book focuses on the interrelationship between developmental psychology and socio-economic status and argues that the most important relationship in a knowledge economy is actually the one between a parent and a child. The book begins by looking at cultures and assimilation and investigates the link between education, culture and socio-economic status. It also attempts to answer the question of what the link between culture, parents and children’s ability is and why ethnic groups vary in their nurturing. It delves into how parenting and cognitive development are interrelated. This thought-provoking book concludes with an emphasis on nurture and how it may alleviate ethnic poverty and shape social policies. The book provides a strong thesis to counter explanations based on racial and genetic superiority.

Reducing Inter-generational Ethnic Poverty

Reducing Inter-generational Ethnic Poverty
Economics, Psychology and Culture

by Greg Clydesdale

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-11-30
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 100026128X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book looks at human capital development and provides an explanation for why cognitive development varies among ethnic groups. The book uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine inter-generational ethnic poverty. It puts forth an argument that the ethnic poverty gap can be reduced, and to do so we need a broader view of human capital which considers the match between the nature of the economy and the specific capabilities needed. The book focuses on the interrelationship between developmental psychology and socio-economic status and argues that the most important relationship in a knowledge economy is actually the one between a parent and a child. The book begins by looking at cultures and assimilation and investigates the link between education, culture and socio-economic status. It also attempts to answer the question of what the link between culture, parents and children’s ability is and why ethnic groups vary in their nurturing. It delves into how parenting and cognitive development are interrelated. This thought-provoking book concludes with an emphasis on nurture and how it may alleviate ethnic poverty and shape social policies. The book provides a strong thesis to counter explanations based on racial and genetic superiority.

Industrial Development

Industrial Development
How States Build Capabilities and Deliver Economic Prosperity

by Greg Clydesdale

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-11-11
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1000472981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Governments are regularly judged by their ability to deliver economic prosperity, however many policies fail to deliver their desired outcomes. Industrial Development examines historical examples of how governments have attempted to build productive capabilities and promote industrial learning. Each chapter shows a different way in which this is done whether it is imitating existing production technologies, building new advanced technologies, tapping into existing global chains or building their own value chains. The book looks at a wide spectrum of countries and industries from Silicon Valley to the early Asian model of building domestic industries. The book also reveals that academics and policy makers can be a major source of policy failure. This book makes an important contribution to our understanding of capability building, industrial development and economic growth and will be an essential reading for economists, policy makers and government officials making policy in a global economy.

A Roadmap to Reducing Child Poverty

A Roadmap to Reducing Child Poverty
A Book

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Building an Agenda to Reduce the Number of Children in Poverty by Half in 10 Years

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2019-09-16
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 0309483980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The strengths and abilities children develop from infancy through adolescence are crucial for their physical, emotional, and cognitive growth, which in turn help them to achieve success in school and to become responsible, economically self-sufficient, and healthy adults. Capable, responsible, and healthy adults are clearly the foundation of a well-functioning and prosperous society, yet America's future is not as secure as it could be because millions of American children live in families with incomes below the poverty line. A wealth of evidence suggests that a lack of adequate economic resources for families with children compromises these children's ability to grow and achieve adult success, hurting them and the broader society. A Roadmap to Reducing Child Poverty reviews the research on linkages between child poverty and child well-being, and analyzes the poverty-reducing effects of major assistance programs directed at children and families. This report also provides policy and program recommendations for reducing the number of children living in poverty in the United States by half within 10 years.

Social Work Research with Minority and Oppressed Populations

Social Work Research with Minority and Oppressed Populations
Methodological Issues and Innovations

by Miriam Potocky,Antoinette Y Rodgers Farmer

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-02-04
  • Pages : 126
  • ISBN : 1317948696
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Learn the latest and most effective strategies and ideas so you can accurately research oppressed and minority populations! Social Work with Minority and Oppressed Populations: Methodological Issues and Innovations provides social workers, social work researchers, and graduate students with new methodologies for researching topics related to minority and oppressed populations. You will learn how to conduct research with such special populations as ethnic and racial minorities, elders, women, and gay and bisexual men utilizing proven techniques that will yield more precise data and help retain participants in the research program. A must for anyone involved in the field of social work, Social Work with Minority and Oppressed Populations tackles the unique challenges you may face in conducting research with cross-culture populations. This valuble text offers innovative and practical techniques for this type of research, including: methodological issues addressed within the framework of operationalization and conceptualization, measurement, research design, data collection, and data analysis how using the anonymous enrollment technique can be applied to intervention research to engage and retain respondents in case studies how Rasch Analysis, a statistical method, may discern differences in the subjective experiences of members of different racial groups specific examples of how constituent involvement in research projects enhances access to respondents and increases the validity of data why social work practitioners as well as social work researchers must evaluate their knowledge, attitudes, and skills when dealing with cross-cultural populations Discussions on ethical and political issues This compilation of research on methodological issues not only introduces you to new techniques for working with oppressed or minority populations, but also creates new questions and areas of study, such as how to develop culture-specific instruments that better measure depression and its expression among African-American and white populations. Social Work with Minority and Oppressed Populations will provide you with the correct methods and strategies to research cross-culture populations and enable you to address specific problems that different ethnic groups and minorities face.

Intergenerational Income Mobility in China

Intergenerational Income Mobility in China
Implications for Education Policy and Practice

by Yuna Hou

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-11-19
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 100047366X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intergenerational income mobility is of great societal importance due to its relevance to equal socio-economic opportunity and future economic efficiency. In her book Dr Hou explores the potential role of education policy in reducing intergenerational transmission of poverty and promoting intergenerational income mobility in China. Her research investigates the extent to which intergenerational income persists in China, the mechanisms behind intergenerational inequality, and premises for policy intervention. The interaction between families, labour markets, and public policies that structure a child’s opportunities and determine the extent to which income is related to family background are discussed in detail. The book comprises of three separate empirical studies examining the relationship between parents’ income and the long-term welfare of their children for two birth cohorts; the role education plays in the intergenerational income relationship; and possible policy intervention channels to facilitate intergenerational income mobility. The lessons learnt from the empirical studies in this book offer the basis for a discussion of current educational policies and provide guidance for developing more appropriate public policies to promote intergenerational income mobility in China in the future. This book contributes to the international discussion by providing evidence in Chinese context, and also provides guidance for policymakers attempting to develop more appropriate public policies to promote intergenerational income mobility in China.

Development Centre Studies Social Cohesion Policy Review of Viet Nam

Development Centre Studies Social Cohesion Policy Review of Viet Nam
A Book

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2014-10-28
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9264196153
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report examines the effects of recent economic growth in Viet Nam on social cohesion.

Focus

Focus
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Future of Multi-ethnic Britain

The Future of Multi-ethnic Britain
Report of the Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain

by Runnymede Trust. Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain,Bhikhu C. Parekh

  • Publisher : Profile Books
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 417
  • ISBN : 186197227X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the report of the Commission on the Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain, showing how society is changing, and the policies that have to be put in place. It was launched by the Home Secretary in 1997.

Ethics, Law and Society

Ethics, Law and Society
Volume II

by Jennifer Gunning

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-28
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1351567780
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This key collection brings together a selection of papers commissioned and published by the Cardiff Centre for Ethics, Law & Society. It incorporates contributions from a group of international experts along with a selection of short opinion pieces written in response to specific ethical issues. The collection addresses issues arising in biomedical and medical ethics ranging from assisted reproductive technologies to the role of clinical ethics committees. It examines broader societal issues with particular emphasis on sustainability and the environment and also focuses on issues of human rights in current global contexts. The contributors collect responses to issues arising from high profile cases such as the legitimacy of war in Iraq to physician-related suicide. The volume will provide a valuable resource for practitioners and academics with an interest in ethics across a range of disciplines.

Catching Up? Intergenerational Mobility and Children of Immigrants

Catching Up? Intergenerational Mobility and Children of Immigrants
A Book

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2017-12-21
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 926428804X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This publication includes cross-country comparative work and provides new insights on the complex issue of the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage for native-born children of immigrants.

Implications of the Covid-19 Pandemic for Revenue Generation in Poor African Countries

Implications of the Covid-19 Pandemic for Revenue Generation in Poor African Countries
A Book

by Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Ole Therkildsen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9788772360317
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the aftermath of the Covid-19 pandemic, the need in poor countries in Africa for more revenues is obvious and growing - also because aid agencies are quite stingy in assisting them in this crisis. The pandemic's negative impact on revenues is especially pronounced in countries that are most dependent on international trade, tourism and petroleum exports. The good news is that sub-Saharan African tax collectors have performed almost as well as their peers in the much wealthier Latin America and substantially better than in South Asian countries. Increased domestic revenue mobilisation (DRM) in poor African countries is possible depending on the country's specific situation and political economy - but it will not be easy.

International Handbook of Migration and Population Distribution

International Handbook of Migration and Population Distribution
A Book

by Michael J. White

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-12-11
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 9401772827
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Handbook offers a comprehensive collection of essays that cover essential features of geographical mobility, from internal migration, to international migration, to urbanization, to the adaptation of migrants in their destinations. Part I of the collection introduces the range of theoretical perspectives offered by several social science disciplines, while also examining the crucial relationship between internal and international migration. Part II takes up methods, ranging from how migration data are best collected to contemporary techniques for analyzing such data. Part III of the handbook contains summaries of present trends across all world regions. Part IV rounds out the volume with several contributions assessing pressing issues in contemporary policy areas. The volume’s editor Michael J. White has spent a career studying the pattern and process of internal and international migration, urbanization and population distribution in a wide variety of settings, from developing societies to advanced economies. In this Handbook he brings together contributors from all parts of the world, gathering in this one volume both geographical and substantive expertise of the first rank. The Handbook will be a key reference source for established scholars, as well as an invaluable high-level introduction to the most relevant topics in the field for emerging scholars.

Narrative Theory in Clinical Social Work Practice

Narrative Theory in Clinical Social Work Practice
A Book

by John P. McTighe

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-01-03
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 3319707876
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This theory-to-practice guide offers mental health practitioners a powerful narrative-based approach to working with clients in clinical practice. It opens with a primer on contemporary narrative theory and offers a robust framework based on the art and techniques of listening for deeper, more meaningful understanding and intervention. Chapters expand on these foundational concepts by applying them to a diverse range of populations and issues, among them race and ethnicity, human sexuality, immigration, and the experience of trauma, grief, and loss. The author’s engaging voice, thoughtful pedagogical style, and extensive use of examples and exercises also work together to inform the reader’s own narrative of growth and self-knowledge. Included in the coverage:• Encountering the self, encountering the other: narratives of race and ethnicity.• Surviving together: individual and communal narratives in the wake of tragedy.• Spiritual stories: exploring ultimate meaning in social work practice.• Sexual stories: narratives of sexual identity, gender, and sexual development.• Leaving home, finding home: narrative practice with immigrant populations.• Moving on: narrative perspectives on grief and loss. Narrative Theory in Clinical Social Work Practice is geared toward students as well as seasoned social workers, and professionals and practitioners in related clinical fields interested in informing their work with a narrative approach.

Continuing to Care

Continuing to Care
Older Americans and Their Families in the 21st Century

by Karen Ann Conner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-08-21
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 1134825935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'Continuing to Care?' describes the challenges of an aging America and changing family system. Caregiving has always been a primary obligation of the family based on an informal intergenerational contract that specifies 'who owes what to whom.' This system of intergenerational reciprocity has been a central feature of American family life and has formed the foundation for successful social programs such as Social Security and Medicare that support older Americans. Recent changes in the American family threaten the intergenerational family contract. Changing definitions of family, increasing divorce and remarriage rates, the establishment of blended families, and dramatic changes in the age structure and intergenerational composition of the family affect the ability of this important social unit to continue to provide care to its members. Change in the American family system raises some difficult personal and social questions. What is the obligation of adult children to elderly frail parents? Are we expected to provide care ourselves or is supervising care provided by others an acceptable alternative? Do the same rules apply in the case of step parents? What is a childs obligation to a long absent father? Can Americans continue to juggle responsibility for their children with the demands of careers and the needs of aging parents? How much longer will we do it? And what will society do if we decide to stop? These questions need to be addressed as we reexamine our families caregiving role. 'Continuing to Care?' brings these questions into the public forum for consideration and debate.

Men’s Health Equity

Men’s Health Equity
A Handbook

by Derek M. Griffith,Marino A. Bruce,Roland J. Thorpe, Jr.

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-04-25
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 1351682946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Worldwide, men have more opportunities, privileges, and power, yet they also have shorter life expectancies than women. Why is this? Why are there stark differences in the burden of disease, quality of life, and length of life amongst men, by race, ethnicity, (dis)ability status, sexual orientation, gender identity, rurality, and national context? Why is this a largely unexplored area of research? Men’s Health Equity is the first volume to describe men’s health equity as a field of study that emerged from gaps in and between research on men’s health and health inequities. This handbook provides a comprehensive review of foundations of the field; summarizes the issues unique to different populations; discusses key frameworks for studying and exploring issues that cut across populations in the United States, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, Central America, and South America; and offers strategies for improving the health of key population groups and achieving men’s health equity overall. This book systematically explores the underlying causes of these differences, describes the specific challenges faced by particular groups of men, and offers policy and programmatic strategies to improve the health and well-being of men and pursue men’s health equity. Men’s Health Equity will be the first collection to present the state of the science in this field, its progress, its breadth, and its future. This book is an invaluable resource for scholars, researchers, students, and professionals interested in men’s health equity, men’s health, psychology of men’s health, gender studies, public health, and global health.

Wealth Accumulation & Communities of Color in the United States

Wealth Accumulation & Communities of Color in the United States
Current Issues

by Jessica Gordon Nembhard,Ngina Chiteji

  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 0472069586
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Features interdisciplinary research about aggregate wealth levels, portfolio compositions, and asset-ownership patterns. This collection discusses several conceptual issues, including gender and class; the political, historical, and socio-economic contexts and consequences of wealth inequalities; intra-group inequality; and more. "Wealth Accumulation and Communities of Color in the United States" features innovative, interdisciplinary research about aggregate wealth levels, portfolio compositions, and asset-ownership patterns. This collection discusses a number of conceptual issues, including gender and class; the political, historical, and socio-economic contexts and consequences of wealth inequalities; intra-group inequality; the forms of wealth held by different subgroups of the U.S. population; and spatial-geographic considerations

Ethnicity, Social Mobility, and Public Policy

Ethnicity, Social Mobility, and Public Policy
Comparing the USA and UK

by Glenn C. Loury,Tariq Modood,Steven M. Teles

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-05-12
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9781139443654
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This major comparative study of the social mobility of ethnic minorities in the US and UK argues that social mobility must be understood as a complex and multi-dimensional phenomenon, incorporating the wealth and income of groups, but also their political power and social recognition. Written by leading sociologists, economists, political scientists, geographers, and philosophers in both countries, the volume addresses issues as diverse as education, work and employment, residential concentration, political mobilisation, public policy and social networks, while drawing larger lessons about the meaning of race and inequality in the two countries. While finding that there are important similarities in the experience of ethnic, and especially immigrant, groups in the two countries, the volume also concludes that the differences between the US and UK, especially in the case of American blacks, are equally important.

Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Malaysia

Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Malaysia
A Book

by Meredith L. Weiss

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-10-17
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 1317629590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Malaysia offers a broad, analytical survey of Malaysia. It provides a comprehensive survey of significant topics in Malaysian politics, economy, and society today, focussing on issues, institutions, and trends. It is divided into four thematic sections, which are all introduced by the editor: • Domestic politics • Economics • Social policy and social development • International relations and security. The volume brings together an international team of experts: an interdisciplinary mix of forty contributors from Malaysia and elsewhere, including many of the leading specialists on Malaysian affairs. The chapters included in the volume form an accessible and fascinating window onto contemporary Malaysia. They each introduce a different aspect of the Malaysian polity, economy, or society, offering both historical perspective and a current assessment or investigation. Designed for general readers and specialists alike, chapters may be read individually -- each stands on its own -- or conjointly. Up-to-date, interdisciplinary, and academically rigorous, the Handbook will be of interest to students, academics, policymakers, and others in search of reliable information on Malaysian politics, economics, and society.

Divided Opportunities: Minorities, Poverty and Social Policy

Divided Opportunities: Minorities, Poverty and Social Policy
A Book

by Gary D. Sandefur,Marta Tienda

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1988-07-31
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9780306428760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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