Religion and State

Religion and State
The Muslim Approach to Politics

by L. Carl. Brown

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2001-08-20
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0231529376
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If Westerners know a single Islamic term, it is likely to be jihad, the Arabic word for "holy war." The image of Islam as an inherently aggressive and xenophobic religion has long prevailed in the West and can at times appear to be substantiated by current events. L. Carl Brown challenges this conventional wisdom with a fascinating historical overview of the relationship between religious and political life in the Muslim world ranging from Islam's early centuries to the present day. Religion and State examines the commonplace notion—held by both radical Muslim ideologues and various Western observers alike—that in Islam there is no separation between religion and politics. By placing this assertion in a broad historical context, the book reveals both the continuities between premodern and modern Islamic political thought as well as the distinctive dimensions of modern Muslim experiences. Brown shows that both the modern-day fundamentalists and their critics have it wrong when they posit an eternally militant, unchanging Islam outside of history. "They are conflating theology and history. They are confusing the oughtand the is," he writes. As the historical record shows, mainstream Muslim political thought in premodern times tended toward political quietism. Brown maintains that we can better understand present-day politics among Muslims by accepting the reality of their historical diversity while at the same time seeking to identify what may be distinctive in Muslim thought and action. In order to illuminate the distinguishing characteristics of Islam in relation to politics, Brown compares this religion with its two Semitic sisters, Judaism and Christianity, drawing striking comparisons between Islam today and Christianity during the Reformation. With a wealth of evidence, he recreates a tradition of Islamic diversity every bit as rich as that of Judaism and Christianity.

The Correlates of Religion and State

The Correlates of Religion and State
A Book

by Jonathan Fox

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 1000008746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive volume examines the nature, causes, and consequences of state religion policy in 183 countries between 1990 and 2014. Each contribution uses round 3 of the Religion and State dataset which includes information on 117 distinct state religion policies. Secular and religious forces in society and government compete in order to influence state religion policy in a vibrant religious economy. While governments are more involved in religion in 2014 than they were in 1990, most states both added and dropped religion policies during this period. This is important because these policies impact on a number of important political, social, and economic phenomena. In this collection the authors examine the impact of state religion policies on interstate militarized disputes, violent domestic conflict, terrorism, and voting for political parties. They also examine some of the factors that influence state religion policy, including the attitudes of citizens toward religion and religious minorities, free and open elections, and having an independent judiciary. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Religion, State & Society.

Religion and the State

Religion and the State
A Comparative Sociology

by Jack Barbalet,Adam Possamai,Bryan S. Turner

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2013-11-01
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1783080663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With a clear statement of the theoretical issues in the debates about secularization and post-secularism, ‘Religion and the State: A Comparative Sociology’ considers a number of major case studies – from China, Europe, Singapore and South Asia – in order to understand the rise of public religions in the modern state. By distinguishing between political secularization – the separation of state and religion – and social secularization – the transformation of the everyday practice of religion – this volume offers an integrating framework within which to analyze these different societies.

Religion, State and the United Nations

Religion, State and the United Nations
Value Politics

by Anne Stensvold

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-07-22
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1317382587
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume approaches the UN as a laboratory of religio-political value politics. Over the last two decades religion has acquired increasing influence in international politics, and religious violence and terrorism has attracted much scholarly attention. But there is another parallel development which has gone largely unnoticed, namely the increasing political impact of peaceful religious actors. With several religious actors in one place and interacting under the same conditions, the UN is as a multi-religious society writ small. The contributors to this book analyse the most influential religious actors at the UN (including The Roman Catholic Church; The Organisation of Islamic Countries; the Russian Orthodox Church). Mapping the peaceful political engagements of religious actors; who they are and how they collaborate with each other - whether on an ad hoc basis or by forming more permanent networks - throwing light at the modus operandi of religious actors at the UN; their strategies and motivations. The chapters are closely interrelated through the shared focus on the UN and common theoretical perspectives, and pursue two intertwined aspects of religious value politics, namely the whys and hows of cross-religious cooperation on the one hand, and the interaction between religious actors and states on the other. Drawing together a broad range of experts on religious actors, this work will be of great interest to students and scholars of Religion and Politics, International Relations and the UN.

Religion and State in Syria

Religion and State in Syria
The Sunni Ulama from Coup to Revolution

by Thomas Pierret

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2013-03-25
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 1107026415
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book affords a new perspective on Syria as it stands at the crossroads of political, social and religious fragmentation.

Religion and the State

Religion and the State
A Book

by Natalie Goldstein

  • Publisher : Infobase Publishing
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 1438131240
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents a guide to the issues related to religion and the state, including definitions, primary sources, important documents, research tools, organizations, and notable persons.

Religion and the State in American Law

Religion and the State in American Law
A Book

by Boris I. Bittker,Scott C. Idleman,Frank S. Ravitch

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-10-06
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1316381137
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Religion and the State in American Law provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of religion and government in the United States, from historical origins to modern laws and rulings. In addition to extensive coverage of the religion clauses of the First Amendment, it addresses many statutory, regulatory, and common-law developments at both the federal and state levels. Topics include the history of church-state relations and religious liberty, religion in the classroom, and expressions of religion in government. This book also covers the role of religion in specific areas of law such as contracts, taxation, employment, land use regulation, torts, criminal law, and domestic relations as well as in specialized contexts such as prisons and the military. Accessible to the general as well as the professional reader, this book will be of use to scholars, judges, practising lawyers, and the media.

Religion, Authority, and the State

Religion, Authority, and the State
From Constantine to the Contemporary World

by Leo D. Lefebure

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-03
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 1137599901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In commemoration of Constantine’s grant of freedom of religion to Christians, this wide-ranging volume examines the ambiguous legacy of this emperor in relation to the present world, discussing the perennial challenges of relations between religions and governments. The authors examine the new global ecumenical movement inspired by Pentecostals, the role of religion in the Irish Easter rebellion against the British, and the relation between religious freedom and government in the United States. Other essays debate the relation of Islam to the violence in Nigeria, the place of the family in church-state relations in the Philippines, the role of confessional identity in the political struggles in the Balkans, and the construction of Slavophile identity in nineteenth-century Russian Orthodox political theology. The volume also investigates the contrast between written constitutions and actual practice in the relations between governments and religions in Australia, Indonesia, and Egypt. The case studies and surveys illuminate both specific contexts and also widespread currents in religion-state relations across the world.

A History of State and Religion in India

A History of State and Religion in India
A Book

by Ian Copland,Ian Mabbett,Asim Roy,Kate Brittlebank,Adam Bowles

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-05-02
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 1136459502
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offering the first long-duration analysis of the relationship between the state and religion in South Asia, this book looks at the nature and origins of Indian secularism. It interrogates the proposition that communalism in India is wholly a product of colonial policy and modernisation, questions whether the Indian state has generally been a benign, or disruptive, influence on public religious life, and evaluates the claim that the region has spawned a culture of practical toleration. The book is structured around six key arenas of interaction between state and religion: cow worship and sacrifice, control of temples and shrines, religious festivals and processions, proselytising and conversion, communal riots, and religious teaching/doctrine and family law. It offers a challenging argument about the role of the state in religious life in a historical continuum, and identifies points of similarity and contrast between periods and regimes. The book makes a significant contribution to the literature on South Asian History and Religion.

Political Secularism, Religion, and the State

Political Secularism, Religion, and the State
A Book

by Jonathan Fox

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-04-27
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 1107076749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines how the competition between religious and secular forces influenced state religion policy between 1990 and 2008. While both sides were active, the religious side had considerably more success. The book examines how states supported religion as well as how they restricted it.

Freedom of Religion and the Secular State

Freedom of Religion and the Secular State
A Book

by Russell Blackford

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-02-07
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0470674032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Religious freedom is the prototypical liberal freedom, a cornerstone of modern political rights. Freedom "of Religion and the Secular State" examines the concept of religious freedom, focusing on today's hot-button issues, including blasphemy and religious vilification; the teaching of biological evolution in schools; the health and welfare of children (particularly where religious beliefs clash with modern forms of medical treatment); claims by some religious organizations for a right of conscientious objection (e.g., doctors who refuse to perform abortions); and the recognition of Sharia law in Western societies. Such issues are topical, controversial, and intransigent. Somewhere at the core of contention lies fear of overweening government power, used to impose a favored understanding of the world - or another, transcendent, world - or to persecute those with a different understanding. With a background in legal and political philosophy, philosophy of religion, and moral theory, Russell Blackford traces the historical background both of religious persecution and the modern liberal state's embrace of secularity and religious freedom. Engaging in contemporary debates, he argues for a balanced view of what religious freedom is about, and how the state should approach it.

Church and State in the Modern World

Church and State in the Modern World
A Critical Assessment and Annotated Bibliography

by James Edward Wood

  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 649
  • ISBN : 9780313256042
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive bibliography includes entries related to the subject of church and state.

Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion

Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion
The United States, France, and Turkey

by Ahmet T. Kuru

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2009-04-27
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN : 052151780X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comparing policy in America, France, and Turkey, this book analyzes the impact of ideological struggles on public policies toward religion.

Separation of Church and State

Separation of Church and State
A Book

by Philip HAMBURGER

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2009-06-30
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 0674038185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

Church and State in the United States

Church and State in the United States
Or, The American Idea of Religious Liberty and Its Practical Effects, with Official Documents

by Philip Schaff

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1888
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State and Religion

State and Religion
The Australian Story

by Renae Barker

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-08-27
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 1134850808
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With its increasingly secular and religiously diverse population Australia faces many challenges in determining how the state and religion should interact. Australia is not unique in facing these challenges. States worldwide, including common law countries with shared legal and religious heritages, have also been faced with the question of how the state and religion should relate to one another. Countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have all had to grapple with how to manage the state-religion relationship in the present day. This book provides a comprehensive historical review of the interaction of the state and religion in Australia. It brings together multiple examples of areas in which the state and religion interact, and reviews these examples across Australia’s history from settlement through to present day. The book sets this story within a wider theoretical context via an examination of theories of state-religion relationships as well as a comparison with other similar common law jurisdictions. The book demonstrates how the solutions arrived at in Australia is uniquely Australian owing to Australia’s unique legal system, religious demographics and history. However this is just one possible outcome among many that have been tried in common law liberal democracies.

State Security Regimes and the Right to Freedom of Religion and Belief

State Security Regimes and the Right to Freedom of Religion and Belief
Changes in Europe Since 2001

by Karen Murphy

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-01-25
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1136178864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The question of to what extent, manifestations of religious beliefs should be permitted in the European public sphere has become a salient and controversial topic in recent years. Despite the increasing interest however, debates have rarely questioned the conventional wisdom that an increase in the range of security measures employed by a government inevitably leads to a decrease in the human rights enjoyed by individuals. This book analyses the relationship between state security regime changes and the right to religious freedom in the EU. It presents a comparative analysis of the impact these regime changes have had on the politics, policies and protections of religious freedom across the EU member states in the post-2001 environment. The book provides a timely investigation into the role of national legislation, the European Court of Human Rights, and societal trends in the protection of religious freedom, and in so doing demonstrates why the relationship between state security and religious freedom is one of the most socially significant challenges facing policymakers and jurists in Europe at the present time.

Religion and the State

Religion and the State
A Comparative Sociology

by Jack Barbalet,Adam Possamai,Bryan S. Turner

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2013-11-01
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1783080663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With a clear statement of the theoretical issues in the debates about secularization and post-secularism, ‘Religion and the State: A Comparative Sociology’ considers a number of major case studies – from China, Europe, Singapore and South Asia – in order to understand the rise of public religions in the modern state. By distinguishing between political secularization – the separation of state and religion – and social secularization – the transformation of the everyday practice of religion – this volume offers an integrating framework within which to analyze these different societies.

Religion, State, and Society

Religion, State, and Society
Jefferson's Wall of Separation in Comparative Perspective

by R. Ramazani,Robert Fatton

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2008-12-22
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0230617867
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book examines the relationship between religion and state in a comparative perspective with special attention paid to Western and Middle-Eastern experiences. It examines the resurgence of 'fundamentalism' not only in developing nations but also in economically affluent 'post-modern' societies.

The Separation of Church and State

The Separation of Church and State
A Book

by Darien Auburn McWhirter

  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 189
  • ISBN : 9780897748520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses major separation of church and state issues that the Supreme Court has addressed.