Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings
An American Controversy

by Annette Gordon-Reed

  • Publisher : University of Virginia Press
  • Release : 1998-03-29
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0813933560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When Annette Gordon-Reed's groundbreaking study was first published, rumors of Thomas Jefferson's sexual involvement with his slave Sally Hemings had circulated for two centuries. Among all aspects of Jefferson's renowned life, it was perhaps the most hotly contested topic. The publication of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings intensified this debate by identifying glaring inconsistencies in many noted scholars' evaluations of the existing evidence. In this study, Gordon-Reed assembles a fascinating and convincing argument: not that the alleged thirty-eight-year liaison necessarily took place but rather that the evidence for its taking place has been denied a fair hearing. Friends of Jefferson sought to debunk the Hemings story as early as 1800, and most subsequent historians and biographers followed suit, finding the affair unthinkable based upon their view of Jefferson's life, character, and beliefs. Gordon-Reed responds to these critics by pointing out numerous errors and prejudices in their writings, ranging from inaccurate citations, to impossible time lines, to virtual exclusions of evidence—especially evidence concerning the Hemings family. She demonstrates how these scholars may have been misguided by their own biases and may even have tailored evidence to serve and preserve their opinions of Jefferson. This updated edition of the book also includes an afterword in which the author comments on the DNA study that provided further evidence of a Jefferson and Hemings liaison.00 Possessing both a layperson's unfettered curiosity and a lawyer's logical mind, Annette Gordon-Reed writes with a style and compassion that are irresistible. Each chapter revolves around a key figure in the Hemings drama, and the resulting portraits are engrossing and very personal. Gordon-Reed also brings a keen intuitive sense of the psychological complexities of human relationships—relationships that, in the real world, often develop regardless of status or race. The most compelling element of all, however, is her extensive and careful research, which often allows the evidence to speak for itself. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy is the definitive look at a centuries-old question that should fascinate general readers and historians alike.

In Defense of Thomas Jefferson

In Defense of Thomas Jefferson
The Sally Hemings Sex Scandal

by William G. Hyland, Jr.

  • Publisher : Macmillan
  • Release : 2009-06-09
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9781429969260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The belief that Thomas Jefferson had an affair and fathered a child (or children) with slave Sally Hemings---and that such an allegation was proven by DNA testing—has become so pervasive in American popular culture that it is not only widely accepted but taught to students as historical fact. But as William G. Hyland Jr. demonstrates, this "fact" is nothing more than the accumulation of salacious rumors and irresponsible scholarship over the years, much of it inspired by political grudges, academic opportunism, and the trend of historical revisionism that seeks to drag the reputation of the Founding Fathers through the mud. In this startling and revelatory argument, Hyland shows not only that the evidence against Jefferson is lacking, but that in fact he is entirely innocent of the charge of having sexual relations with Hemings. Historians have the wrong Jefferson. Hyland, an experienced trial lawyer, presents the most reliable historical evidence while dissecting the unreliable, and in doing so he cuts through centuries of unsubstantiated charges. The author reminds us that the DNA tests identified Eston Hemings, Sally's youngest child, as being merely the descendant of a "Jefferson male." Randolph Jefferson, the president's wayward, younger brother with a reputation for socializing among the Monticello slaves, emerges as the most likely of several possible candidates. Meanwhile, the author traces the evolution of this rumor about Thomas Jefferson back to the allegation made by one James Callendar, a "drunken ruffian" who carried a grudge after unsuccessfully lobbying the president for a postmaster appointment---and who then openly bragged of ruining Jefferson's reputation. Hyland also delves into Hemings family oral histories that go against the popular rumor, as well as the ways in which the Jefferson rumors were advanced by less-than-historical dramas and by flawed scholarly research often shaped by political agendas. Reflecting both a layperson's curiosity and a lawyer's precision, Hyland definitively puts to rest the allegation of the thirty-eight-year liaison between Jefferson and Hemings. In doing so, he reclaims the nation's third president from the arena of Hollywood-style myth and melodrama and gives his readers a unique opportunity to serve as jurors on this enduringly fascinating episode in American history.

Thomas Jefferson Dreams of Sally Hemings

Thomas Jefferson Dreams of Sally Hemings
A Novel

by Stephen O'Connor

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2016-04-05
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 0698410335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Dazzling. . . The most revolutionary reimagining of Jefferson’s life ever.” –Ron Charles, Washington Post Winner of the Crook’s Corner Book Prize Longlisted for the 2016 Center for Fiction First Novel Prize A debut novel about Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings, in whose story the conflict between the American ideal of equality and the realities of slavery and racism played out in the most tragic of terms. Novels such as Toni Morrison’s Beloved, The Known World by Edward P. Jones, James McBride’s The Good Lord Bird and Cloudsplitter by Russell Banks are a part of a long tradition of American fiction that plumbs the moral and human costs of history in ways that nonfiction simply can't. Now Stephen O’Connor joins this company with a profoundly original exploration of the many ways that the institution of slavery warped the human soul, as seen through the story of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings. O’Connor’s protagonists are rendered via scrupulously researched scenes of their lives in Paris and at Monticello that alternate with a harrowing memoir written by Hemings after Jefferson’s death, as well as with dreamlike sequences in which Jefferson watches a movie about his life, Hemings fabricates an "invention" that becomes the whole world, and they run into each other "after an unimaginable length of time" on the New York City subway. O'Connor is unsparing in his rendition of the hypocrisy of the Founding Father and slaveholder who wrote "all men are created equal,” while enabling Hemings to tell her story in a way history has not allowed her to. His important and beautifully written novel is a deep moral reckoning, a story about the search for justice, freedom and an ideal world—and about the survival of hope even in the midst of catastrophe.

Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson

Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson
History, Memory, and Civic Culture

by Jan Lewis,Jan Ellen Taylor,Peter S. Onuf

  • Publisher : University of Virginia Press
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9780813919195
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The publication of DNA test results showing that Thomas Jefferson was probably the father of one of his slave Sally Hemings's children has sparked a broad but often superficial debate. The editors of this volume have assembled some of the most distinguished American historians, including three Pulitzer Prize winners, and other experts on Jefferson, his times, race, and slavery. Their essays reflect the deeper questions the relationship between Hemings and Jefferson has raised about American history and national culture. The DNA tests would not have been conducted had there not already been strong historical evidence for the possibility of a relationship. As historians from Winthrop D. Jordan to Annette Gordon-Reed have argued, much more is at stake in this liaison than the mere question of paternity: historians must ask themselves if they are prepared to accept the full implications of our complicated racial history, a history powerfully shaped by the institution of slavery and by sex across the color line. How, for example, does it change our understanding of American history to place Thomas Jefferson in his social context as a plantation owner who fathered white and black families both? What happens when we shift our focus from Jefferson and his white family to Sally Hemings and her children? How do we understand interracial sexual relationships in the early republic and in our own time? Can a renewed exploration of the contradiction between Jefferson's life as a slaveholder and his libertarian views yield a clearer understanding of the great political principles he articulated so eloquently and that Americans cherish? Are there moral or political lessons to be learned from the lives of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings and the way that historians and the public have attempted to explain their liaison? Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture promises an open-ended discussion on the living legacy of slavery and race relations in our national culture.

Reclamation

Reclamation
Sally Hemings, Thomas Jefferson, and a Descendant's Search for Her Family's Lasting Legacy

by Gayle Jessup White

  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Release : 2021-11-16
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0063028670
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Black descendant of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings’ family explores America’s racial reckoning through the prism of her ancestors—both the enslaver and the enslaved. Gayle Jessup White had long heard the stories passed down from her father’s family, that they were direct descendants of Thomas Jefferson—lore she firmly believed, though others did not. For four decades the acclaimed journalist and genealogy enthusiast researched her connection to Thomas Jefferson, to confirm its truth once and for all. After she was named a Jefferson Studies Fellow, Jessup White discovered her family lore was correct. Poring through photos and documents and pursuing DNA evidence, she learned that not only was she a descendant of Jefferson on his father’s side; she was also the great-great-great-granddaughter of Peter Hemings, Sally Hemings’s brother. In Reclamation she chronicles her remarkable journey to definitively understand her heritage and reclaim it, and offers a compelling portrait of what it means to be a black woman in America, to pursue the American dream, to reconcile the legacy of racism, and to ensure the nation lives up to the ideals advocated by her legendary ancestor.

Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings
A Book

by Del Sandeen

  • Publisher : Enslow Publishing, LLC
  • Release : 2018-12-15
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 0766098257
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To say that Thomas Jefferson was complicated would be an understatement. A founding father and third American president, Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. It said that "all men are created equal." Yet Jefferson owned slaves, including a woman named Sally Hemings with whom scholars believe he fathered several children. Some two hundred years after the birth of their first child, interest in Hemings and Jefferson has hardly died down. Movies, television shows, newspaper articles, and literature have been devoted to the pair. Jefferson's legacy has also suffered as details emerge about his ties to Hemings. Is he a man that Americans should respect? With the help of this fascinating book, readers will learn about the nature of Jefferson's connection to someone who was legally his property, and about his descendants, both black and white.

The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family

The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family
A Book

by Annette Gordon-Reed

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2009-09-08
  • Pages : 816
  • ISBN : 9780393070033
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Winner of the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize: "[A] commanding and important book." —Jill Lepore, The New Yorker This epic work—named a best book of the year by the Washington Post, Time, the Los Angeles Times, Amazon, the San Francisco Chronicle, and a notable book by the New York Times—tells the story of the Hemingses, whose close blood ties to our third president had been systematically expunged from American history until very recently. Now, historian and legal scholar Annette Gordon-Reed traces the Hemings family from its origins in Virginia in the 1700s to the family’s dispersal after Jefferson’s death in 1826.

Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson

Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson
A Book

by Jerome Dyson Wright

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 8
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sally Hemings

Sally Hemings
A Book

by Barbara Chase-Riboud

  • Publisher : Chicago Review Press
  • Release : 2009-04-01
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 1556529457
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The story of the love affair between Thomas Jefferson and his quadroon slave, that lasted thirty-eight years, until his death in 1826.

Report on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

Report on Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mongrel Nation

Mongrel Nation
The America Begotten by Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

by Clarence Earl Walker

  • Publisher : University of Virginia Press
  • Release : 2009-01-01
  • Pages : 128
  • ISBN : 0813927773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discusses the long-standing affair between Thomas Jefferson and his slave Sally Hemings, the meaning of their relationship, and racial ideas of American identity.

The American First Shadow Family

The American First Shadow Family
Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

by Twincy Taiman

  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release : 2015-04-01
  • Pages : 746
  • ISBN : 9781511558891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mr. Taiman, in his first work of historical fiction, tells the story of Thomas Jefferson which few have tried to tell, and few want to hear. Yes, it is a story of a relationship between a slave, Sally Hemings, and her master Thomas Jefferson; they had four survived children together. Sally Hemings, a very pretty mulatto slave and half-sister to Jefferson's deceased wife, was only 16 years old when Thomas Jefferson, at the age of 46, took her for his own. Mr. Taiman helps readers understand why Sally, a slave, emotionally and physically surrendered to a relationship with Jefferson. He puts forth the theory that Sally experienced Stockholm/slave syndrome, a survival phenomenon. For the first time in American history, a first baby was born to a sitting president: Jefferson had three of the shadow children with Sally during his presidency. The birth of the children added layers of complexity in the shadow relationship, and Sally's overriding concern became their freedom. To protect his legacy, Mr. Jefferson did his best to keep the relationship a secret. He created 'Shadow Rules, ' rules designed to keep his relationship with his slave mistress, a secret. Although Jefferson made great efforts to sanitize his legacy, time and science unveiled Jefferson's 'Shadow Rules'; his secret is no longer foolproof.

Sally Hemings

Sally Hemings
A Book

by Frances E. Ruffin

  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Release : 2001-12-15
  • Pages : 24
  • ISBN : 9780823958283
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Describes the life and legend of Sally Hemings, a slave belonging to Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.

Framing a Legend

Framing a Legend
Exposing the Distorted History of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

by M. Andrew Holowchak

  • Publisher : Prometheus Books
  • Release : 2013-04-16
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 161614730X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A penetrating critical perspective on the question of Thomas Jefferson's paternity that will make you rethink recent conventional wisdom. It is accepted by most scholars that Jefferson had a lengthy affair with his slave Sally Hemings and fathered at least one of her children, a conclusion based on a 1998 DNA study published in Nature and on the work of historian Annette Gordon-Reed. Framing a Legend argues compellingly that the DNA evidence is inconclusive and that there are remarkable flaws in the leading historical scholarship purporting to show such a liaison. Author M. Andrew Holowchak critically examines well-known books by Fawn Brodie, Annette Gordon-Reed, and Andrew Burstein, labeling their views as "three prominent spins." He then delves into what we know about Thomas Jefferson's character, showing that the historical facts do not suggest any romantic interest on Jefferson's part in his female slaves. Turning to the genetic evidence, Holowchak points out that, though DNA analysis indicates the presence of a Y-chromosome from some Jefferson male in the Hemings family line, it is unwarranted to conclude that this must have come from Thomas Jefferson. Finally, he discusses Jefferson's racial attitudes and says that they argue against any liaison with Sally Hemings.

Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings
A Historiography

by Cinnamon Brown

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 54
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Words Fitly Spoken"

'Words Fitly Spoken'
Thomas Jefferson, Slavery, and Sally Hemings

by David G. Post

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thomas Jefferson/Sally Hemings

Thomas Jefferson/Sally Hemings
Two Hundred Years of Controversy : Writings of Professional Historians and Others

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 60
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sally Hemings 129 Success Facts - Everything You Need to Know about Sally Hemings

Sally Hemings 129 Success Facts - Everything You Need to Know about Sally Hemings
A Book

by Donald Hopkins

  • Publisher : Emereo Publishing
  • Release : 2014-10-15
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9781488858567
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sally Hemings Starts right here. This book is your ultimate resource for Sally Hemings. Here you will find the most up-to-date 129 Success Facts, Information, and much more. In easy to read chapters, with extensive references and links to get you to know all there is to know about Sally Hemings's Early life, Career and Personal life right away. A quick look inside: From the Diary of Sally Hemings, Thomas Jefferson Foundation - Outbuildings and plantation, African-American literature - Early African-American literature, Jefferson-Hemings controversy - Representation in other media, Thomas Jefferson Randolph - Jefferson-Hemings controversy, Dumas Malone - Treatment of Jefferson as slaveowner, Fawn M. Brodie - Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History, Gordon S. Wood - Publications, James Hemings, Jefferson-Hemings controversy - 1998 DNA study, Sandra Seaton - Awards, House slave - United States, Jefferson-Hemings controversy - Changing scholarship, John Wayles Jefferson - Ancestry controversy, Madison Hemings, Harriet Hemings - Early life and education, Virginius Dabney - Author, retirement, Madison Hemings - Childhood, Betty Hemings - Relationship with John Wayles, Frederick Madison Roberts, Thomas Jefferson and slavery - Early years (1744-1774), John Hemings, Tina Andrews, Frederick Madison Roberts - Early life and education, Sally Hemings - Return to the United States, Monticello Association - Jefferson--Hemings Controversy, Early life and career of Thomas Jefferson - Marriage and family, Clotel - Background, Early life and career of Thomas Jefferson - Member of Congress and Minister to France, Mary Jefferson Eppes - Early life and education, Jefferson-Hemings controversy - Historic consensus, and much more...

The Road Not Taken

The Road Not Taken
The Decision of Sally Hemings

by Robinson S. William

  • Publisher : Go to Publish
  • Release : 2019-08-25
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9781950073696
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book portrays the thoughts, feelings and actions of Sally Hemings, a slave living in the household of Thomas Jefferson during her life at Jefferson's plantation in Virginia and during her time living in Jefferson's house in Paris. When she arrived in Paris at age 14 she found that French law made her a free person when she arrived and for as long as she lived in France. She then had to decide whether to remain in France as a free person and leave Jefferson or return to Virginia with Jefferson where she would again be his slave. The book explores the rational for her decision to return to Virginia with Jefferson where she bore 7 children fathered by him.

Thomas Jefferson, Sally Hemings and the Question of Race

Thomas Jefferson, Sally Hemings and the Question of Race
An Ongoing Debate

by Peter Nicolaisen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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