Security, Strategy, and the Quest for Bloodless War

Security, Strategy, and the Quest for Bloodless War
A Book

by Robert Mandel

  • Publisher : Lynne Rienner Publishers
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN : 9781588262691
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first comprehensive look at the increasing push by government and military officials in the direction of "bloodless war."

Security, Strategy, and the Quest for a Bloodless War

Security, Strategy, and the Quest for a Bloodless War
A Book

by Robert Mandel

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN : 9781626374911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent decades, government and military officials alike have pushed increasingly in the direction of ""bloodless wars, "" where confrontations are undertaken--and ultimately won--with minimum loss of human life. Robert Mandel provides the first comprehensive analysis of this trend. After exploring the moral, legal, military, and political bases of the desire to minimize wartime casualties, Mandel examines the actual strategies and tools involved; here, the focus is on nonlethal weapons, precision-guided munitions, and information warfare. He then addresses the sobering practical constraints.

Vicarious Warfare

Vicarious Warfare
American Strategy and the Illusion of War on the Cheap

by Waldman, Thomas

  • Publisher : Policy Press
  • Release : 2021-01-06
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1529207037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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America has been at war for most of the 20th and 21st centuries and during that time has progressively moved towards a vicarious form of warfare, where key tasks are delegated to proxies, the military’s exposure to danger is limited, and special forces and covert instruments are on the increase. Important strategic decisions are taken with minimal scrutiny or public engagement. This compelling account charts the historical emergence of this distinctive tradition of war and explains the factors driving its contemporary prominence. It contrasts the tactical advantages of vicarious warfare with its hidden costs and potential to cause significant strategic harm.

Death by Moderation

Death by Moderation
The U.S. Military's Quest for Useable Weapons

by David A. Koplow

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 0521119510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Addresses the military's pursuit of 'usable' weaponry that is deliberately crafted to be less powerful, less deadly, and less destructive than the systems it is designed to supplement or replace.

Seeking Security in an Insecure World

Seeking Security in an Insecure World
A Book

by Dan Caldwell,Robert E. Williams

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9780742538139
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our understanding of security has changed significantly since the end of the Cold War. No longer is war the only security threat that states face. Nor is war what it once was. Today's security agenda includes the threat posed by the spread of infectious disease. It includes global warming and oil shortages. It pits states against ethnic rebellions and transnational criminal organizations and, of course, a global network of terrorist organizations. It contemplates wars in cyber-space and on the ground against elusive individuals and shadowy organizations rather than states. The quest for security, in other words, has become far more urgent than it was during the euphoric days of the post-Cold War period and far more complicated than it was during the Cold War. Seeking Security in an Insecure World is intended to provide a brief but thorough introduction to contemporary security studies. With clear and lively prose, compelling examples, and solid scholarship, it will engage both students and general readers who wish to gain a better understanding of what security means today and how it can best be achieved.

Democracy and Security

Democracy and Security
Preferences, Norms and Policy-Making

by Matthew Evangelista,Harald Muller,Senior Fellow of the Centre for European Policy Studies Project Director Harald Muller,Niklas Schoernig

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2009-12-04
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1134079915
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It has become generally accepted wisdom that democracies do not go to war against each other. However, there are significant differences between democratic states in terms of their approach to war and security policy in general. This edited book offers a broad examination of how democratic preferences and norms are relevant to security policy beyond the decision of whether to go to war. It therefore offers a fresh understanding of state behaviour in the security realm. The contributors discuss such issues as defence policy, air war, cluster bombs, non-lethal weapons, weapons of mass destruction, democratic and non-democratic nuclear weapon states’ transparency, and the political and ideological background of the ongoing ‘Revolution in Military Affairs’. It has become generally accepted wisdom that democracies do not go to war against each other. However, there are significant differences between democratic states in terms of their approach to war and security policy in general.

Global Security Upheaval

Global Security Upheaval
Armed Nonstate Groups Usurping State Stability Functions

by Robert Mandel

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2013-04-03
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0804786496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book calls into question the commonly held contentions that central governments are the most important or even the sole sources of a nation's stability, and that subnational and transnational nonstate forces are a major source of global instability. By assessing recent real-world trends, Mandel reveals that areas exist where it makes little sense to rely on state governments for stability, and that attempts to bolster such governments to promote stability often prove futile. He demonstrates how armed nonstate groups can sometimes provide local stability better than states, and how power-sharing arrangements between states and armed nonstate groups may sometimes be viable. He concludes that these trends in the international setting call for major shifts in our understanding of what constitutes stable governance—proposing that we adopt a fluid "emergent actor" approach. And he calls for significant deviation from standard policy responses to the opportunities and dangers posed by nontraditional sources of national authority.

Critical Security Studies

Critical Security Studies
An Introduction

by Columba Peoples,Nick Vaughan-Williams

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-11-30
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 1000227375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook introduces students to the sub-field of critical security studies through a detailed yet accessible survey of emerging theories and practices. This third edition contains two new chapters – on ‘Ontological security’ and ‘(In)Security and the everyday’ – and has been fully revised and updated. Written in an accessible and clear manner, Critical Security Studies: offers a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to critical security studies locates critical security studies within the broader context of social and political theory evaluates fundamental theoretical positions in critical security studies against a backdrop of new security challenges. The book is divided into two main parts. Part I, ‘Approaches’, surveys the newly extended and contested theoretical terrain of critical security studies: constructivist theories, Critical Theory, feminist and gender approaches, postcolonial perspectives, poststructuralism and International Political Sociology, Ontological security, and securitisation theory. Part II, ‘Issues’, examines how these various theoretical approaches have been put to work in critical considerations of environmental and planetary security; health, human security and development; information, technology and warfare; migration and border security; (in)security and the everyday; and terror, risk and resilience. The historical and geographical scope of the book is deliberately broad and each of the chapters in Part II concretely illustrates one or more of the approaches discussed in Part I, with clear internal referencing allowing the text to act as a holistic learning tool for students. This book is essential reading for upper level students of critical security studies, and an important resource for students of international/global security, political theory and international relations.

Commercializing Cosmopolitan Security

Commercializing Cosmopolitan Security
Safeguarding the Responsibility to Protect

by Andreas Krieg

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-07
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 3319333763
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book analyses two key topics within international politics: the responsibility to protect (R2P) and the commercialization and privatization of security. In a world of ungoverned spaces, state failure and erupting humanitarian crises, the international community is increasingly called upon to exercise its responsibility to protect communities under threat. Here, Krieg explains the civil-military dynamics behind the state’s failure to effectively intervene in humanitarian crises overseas using its serviceman. The central question that follows is: would the private military contractor be a better alternative agent of the state in humanitarian intervention? This book demonstrates that given his professional identity and role towards client state and public, the contractor can be employed effectively in humanitarian intervention to generate more ethical outcomes. This volume is essential reading for researchers and post-graduate students of R2P, International Security Studies and privatization, as well as Peace and Conflict studies and International Relations more broadly.

America’s War against Global Jihad

America’s War against Global Jihad
Past, Present, and Future

by William R. Nester

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release : 2018-03-06
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 1498575315
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book analyzes America’s crusade against Jihadism. It addresses the successes and failures of Washington’s counter-Jihadist strategy before and after September 11, and explores whether the United States should stay the course or cut its losses in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere.

Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict

Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict
Challenges for Societal Stability

by Jürgen Scheffran,Michael Brzoska,Hans Günter Brauch,Peter Michael Link,Janpeter Schilling

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-05-26
  • Pages : 873
  • ISBN : 3642286267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Severe droughts, damaging floods and mass migration: Climate change is becoming a focal point for security and conflict research and a challenge for the world’s governance structures. But how severe are the security risks and conflict potentials of climate change? Could global warming trigger a sequence of events leading to economic decline, social unrest and political instability? What are the causal relationships between resource scarcity and violent conflict? This book brings together international experts to explore these questions using in-depth case studies from around the world. Furthermore, the authors discuss strategies, institutions and cooperative approaches to stabilize the climate-society interaction.

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research
A Book

by Alex P. Schmid

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2011-02-25
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN : 1136810404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.

Surrogate Warfare

Surrogate Warfare
The Transformation of War in the Twenty-First Century

by Andreas Krieg,Jean-Marc Rickli

  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Release : 2019-06-01
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 162616679X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surrogate Warfare explores the emerging phenomenon of “surrogate warfare” in twenty-first century conflict. The popular notion of war is that it is fought en masse by the people of one side versus the other. But the reality today is that both state and non-state actors are increasingly looking to shift the burdens of war to surrogates. Surrogate warfare describes a patron's outsourcing of the strategic, operational, or tactical burdens of warfare, in whole or in part, to human and/or technological substitutes in order to minimize the costs of war. This phenomenon ranges from arming rebel groups, to the use of armed drones, to cyber propaganda. Krieg and Rickli bring old, related practices such as war by mercenary or proxy under this new overarching concept. Apart from analyzing the underlying sociopolitical drivers that trigger patrons to substitute or supplement military action, this book looks at the intrinsic trade-offs between substitutions and control that shapes the relationship between patron and surrogate. Surrogate Warfare will be essential reading for anyone studying contemporary conflict.

The Means to Kill

The Means to Kill
Essays on the Interdependence of War and Technology from Ancient Rome to the Age of Drones

by Gerrit Dworok,Frank Jacob

  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release : 2015-11-12
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1476622809
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Throughout human history, technological innovation has functioned as a driver of civilization and inspired many people’s belief in progress. When it comes to warfare, where technology is applied with a cruel and deadly logic, a nuanced view is needed. From siege engines to drones, innovation has often served a less enlightened aim: elimination of the enemy. This collection of new essays from specialists in military history examines the interdependence between war and technology from a number of regional perspectives.

Gender and Private Security in Global Politics

Gender and Private Security in Global Politics
A Book

by Maya Eichler

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2015-03-04
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0199364389
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"For two hundred years the provision of military security has been a central and defining function of the modern nation-state. The increasing reliance on private military and security companies in contemporary conflict marks a fundamental transformation in the organization of military violence, and it raises issues of accountability and ethics that are of particular concern to feminists. This privatization of force not only enables states to circumvent citizens' democratic control over questions of war and peace, but also undermines the claims for greater inclusion in the military sphere made by women and minority groups over the past decades. Gender and Private Security in Global Politics brings together key scholars in the emerging research area of "critical gender studies in private security." These scholars contend that the privatization of military security is a deeply gendered process, with gendered underpinnings and effects. Consequently, they employ a variety of feminist perspectives, including critical, postcolonial, poststructuralist, and queer feminist perspectives, as well as a wide range of methodological approaches such as ethnography, participant-observation, genealogy, and discourse analysis, in order to consider answers to questions about how to reform and regulate private forces"--

Global Threat: Target-Centered Assessment and Management

Global Threat: Target-Centered Assessment and Management
Target-Centered Assessment and Management

by Robert Mandel

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2008-09-30
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 031335846X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a fresh perspective on causes, consequences, and cures surrounding today's most pressing global security challenges. After explaining the changes in post-Cold War threat, it develops a novel target-centered approach to assessment and management that is more useful in coping with current foreign dangers than current best practices. After explaining the challenge in coping with current global threat, this book begins by analyzing the distinctiveness of post-Cold War threat and of the nature of enemies prevalent in today's world. Then it considers prevailing threat analysis deficiencies and develops an alternative target-centered conceptual approach for recognizing and prioritizing threat. Illustrating the value of this approach are four post-9/11 case studies: the weapons of mass destruction and terrorism threat linked to the 2003 Iraq War, the natural calamity threat linked to the 2004 tsunami disaster, the terrorist threat linked to the 2005 London Transport bombings, and the undesired mass population threat linked to the 2006 American illegal immigration tensions. The study concludes by presenting some target-centered ideas about how to cope better with incoming threat, calling in the end for strategic transformation.

Parameters

Parameters
Journal of the US Army War College

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Global Politics of Science and Technology - Vol. 2

The Global Politics of Science and Technology - Vol. 2
Perspectives, Cases and Methods

by Maximilian Mayer,Mariana Carpes,Ruth Knoblich

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-08-20
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 364255010X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An increasing number of scholars have begun to see science and technology as relevant issues in International Relations (IR), acknowledging the impact of material elements, technical instruments, and scientific practices on international security, statehood, and global governance. This two-volume collection brings the debate about science and technology to the center of International Relations. It shows how integrating science and technology translates into novel analytical frameworks, conceptual approaches and empirical puzzles, and thereby offers a state-of-the-art review of various methodological and theoretical ways in which sciences and technologies matter for the study of international affairs and world politics. The authors not only offer a set of practical examples of research frameworks for experts and students alike, but also propose a conceptual space for interdisciplinary learning in order to improve our understanding of the global politics of science and technology. The second volume raises a plethora of issue areas, actors, and cases under the umbrella notion techno-politics. Distinguishing between interactional and co-productive perspectives, it outlines a toolbox of analytical frameworks that transcend technological determinism and social constructivism.

Israel's Death Hierarchy

Israel's Death Hierarchy
Casualty Aversion in a Militarized Democracy

by Yagil Levy

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2012-11-05
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0814753345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2012 Winner of the Shapiro Award for the Best Book in Israel Studies, presented by the Association for Israel Studies Whose life is worth more? That is the question that states inevitably face during wartime. Which troops are thrown to the first lines of battle and which ones remain relatively intact? How can various categories of civilian populations be protected? And when front and rear are porous, whose life should receive priority, those of soldiers or those of civilians? In Israel’s Death Hierarchy, Yagil Levy uses Israel as a compelling case study to explore the global dynamics and security implications of casualty sensitivity. Israel, Levy argues, originally chose to risk soldiers mobilized from privileged classes, more than civilians and other soldiers. However, with the mounting of casualty sensitivity, the state gradually restructured what Levy calls its “death hierarchy” to favor privileged soldiers over soldiers drawn from lower classes and civilians, and later to place enemy civilians at the bottom of the hierarchy by the use of heavy firepower. The state thus shifted risk from soldiers to civilians. As the Gaza offensive of 2009 demonstrates, this new death hierarchy has opened Israel to global criticism.

Lethality, Legality, and Reality

Lethality, Legality, and Reality
Non-lethal Weapons for Offensive Air Support

by Timothy M. Cullen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This study evaluates the potential for non-lethal weapons to become viable tools for the air support of ground forces in military conflicts. During the Cold War, the US Air Force developed conventional air-support aircraft and munitions to fight Soviet mechanized infantry and armor in the central plains of Europe. Since the end of the Cold War, the United States increasingly confronts adversaries in situations where it is not in the national interest to use destructive force. In response to this new security environment, the Department of Defense has established the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program and deployed a myriad of non-lethal devices to conflicts around the world. All non-lethal weapons in the US armed forces, however, are ground weapons and are severely limited in range. Aircraft could provide the perspective and added range joint force commanders desire; thus, this thesis explores the potential for aircraft to provide non-lethal force options."--Abstract.