State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror
A Book

by Robert I. Rotberg

  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Release : 2004-05-13
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9780815775720
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The threat of terror, which flares in Africa and Indonesia, has given the problem of failed states an unprecedented immediacy and importance. In the past, failure had a primarily humanitarian dimension, with fewer implications for peace and security. Now nation-states that fail, or may do so, pose dangers to themselves, to their neighbors, and to people around the globe: preventing their failure, and reviving those that do fail, has become a strategic as well as a moral imperative. State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror develops an innovative theory of state failure that classifies and categorizes states along a continuum from weak to failed to collapsed. By understanding the mechanisms and identifying the tell-tale indicators of state failure, it is possible to develop strategies to arrest the fatal slide from weakness to collapse. This state failure paradigm is illustrated through detailed case studies of states that have failed and collapsed (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, the Sudan, Somalia), states that are dangerously weak (Colombia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan), and states that are weak but safe (Fiji, Haiti, Lebanon).

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror
A Book

by Robert I. Rotberg

  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Release : 2003-01
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9780815775744
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Since September 11, the threat of terror gives the failed state problem an immediacy and an importance that transcends its previous humanitarian dimension. In the past, failure had fewer implications for peace and security. Now failed states pose dangers to themselves, theirneighbors, and to people around the globe. Preventing nation states from failing, and reviving those that do fail, has become a strategic, as well as moral, imperative.The introduction to this innovative book develops a theory of state failure and suggests how it may guarded against. The subsequent chapters illustrate the state failure paradigm by examining cases of state collapse (Somalia), state failure (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, and the Sudan), and states at risk for failure (Colombia, Fiji, Haiti, Indonesia, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, and Tajikistan). The last chapters ask when and how weak states succumb to failure, and how that fatal slide can be arrested.Contributors (all of whom have participated in a large Harvard University project on state failure): Oren Barak, Walter Clarke, Nasrin Dadmehr, Marlye Gelin-Adams, Rachel Gisselquist, Robert Gosende, Erin Jennie, Harvey Kline, Stephanie Lawson, Rene Lemarchand, Michael Malley, David Malone, Gerard Prunier, Will Reno, and Robert I. Rotberg.

A Principled Approach to State Failure

A Principled Approach to State Failure
International Community Actions in Emergency Situations

by Chiara Giorgetti

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 900418127X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is the first legal study of state failure in international law. Dr. Giorgetti specifically analyses health, environmental and human rights emergencies and suggests concrete instruments for international actors facing emergencies in failing states. Her Principles for Action are an important contribution to the development of international law.

The Tragedy of Failure: Evaluating State Failure and Its Impact on the Spread of Refugees, Terrorism, and War

The Tragedy of Failure: Evaluating State Failure and Its Impact on the Spread of Refugees, Terrorism, and War
Evaluating State Failure and Its Impact on the Spread of Refugees, Terrorism, and War

by Tiffiany O. Howard

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2010-04-21
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 0313381216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This intriguing approach to international conflict seeks to facilitate a dialogue between academics and policymakers on how to better anticipate and prevent state failure, subsequent forced migration, and the terrorist threat that often results. • Includes case studies of failed and failing states, including Somalia, Pakistan, Colombia, Haiti, and Sudan • Provides maps of Sudan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Somali showing the terrorist cells present in these states • A broad-based bibliography of sources from international conflict studies, refugee and migration, and terrorism studies

State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law

State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law
A Book

by Mario Silva

  • Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Release : 2014-02-06
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9004268847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Through scholarly consideration, State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law evaluates gaps in structural competency that precipitate state failure and examines the resulting consequences for the world community.

Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law

Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law
A Book

by Armin Von Bogdandy,Rüdiger Wolfrum,Christiane E. Philipp

  • Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Release : 2005-09
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 9004145338
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This publication constitutes the first scholarly periodical to focus on activities of the United Nations in the field of international law. It recognizes the recent increased impact of the development of the World Organization, its Specialized Agencies and other aspects of the United Nations System, as well as their effect on the shaping of international relations.

Transformations of the State?

Transformations of the State?
A Book

by Stephan Leibfried,Michael Zurn,Michael Zürn

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-06-13
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9780521672382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume presents an innovative view of the nation-state and its future.

When States Fail

When States Fail
Causes and Consequences

by Robert I. Rotberg

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2010-07-28
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1400835798
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Since 1990, more than 10 million people have been killed in the civil wars of failed states, and hundreds of millions more have been deprived of fundamental rights. The threat of terrorism has only heightened the problem posed by failed states. When States Fail is the first book to examine how and why states decay and what, if anything, can be done to prevent them from collapsing. It defines and categorizes strong, weak, failing, and collapsed nation-states according to political, social, and economic criteria. And it offers a comprehensive recipe for their reconstruction. The book comprises fourteen essays by leading scholars and practitioners who help structure this disparate field of research, provide useful empirical descriptions, and offer policy recommendations. Robert Rotberg's substantial opening chapter sets out a theory and taxonomy of state failure. It is followed by two sets of chapters, the first on the nature and correlates of failure, the second on methods of preventing state failure and reconstructing those states that do fail. Economic jump-starting, legal refurbishing, elections, the demobilizing of ex-combatants, and civil society are among the many topics discussed. All of the essays are previously unpublished. In addition to Rotberg, the contributors include David Carment, Christopher Clapham, Nat J. Colletta, Jeffrey Herbst, Nelson Kasfir, Michael T. Klare, Markus Kostner, Terrence Lyons, Jens Meierhenrich, Daniel N. Posner, Susan Rose-Ackerman, Donald R. Snodgrass, Nicolas van de Walle, Jennifer A. Widner, and Ingo Wiederhofer.

African Democracy and Development

African Democracy and Development
Challenges for Post-conflict African Nations

by Cassandra Rachel Veney,Dick W. Simpson

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 0739175491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

"The chapters in this edited volume are the result of a conference held in April 2009 at the University of Illinois at Chicago"--Introduction.

Constitutional Paradigms and the Stability of States

Constitutional Paradigms and the Stability of States
A Book

by Noel Cox

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-05-23
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1317161645
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book examines the influence of constitutional legal paradigms upon the political stability and viability of states. It contributes to the literature in the field by focussing on how constitutional flexibility may have led to the rise of 'successful' states and to the decline of 'unsuccessful' states, by promoting stability. Divided into two parts, the book considers theories of the rise and fall of civilizations and individual states, explains the concept of hard and soft constitutions and applies this concept to different types of state models. A series of international case studies in the second part of the book identifies the key dynamics in legal, political and economic history and includes the UK, US, New Zealand and Eastern Europe.

Leashing the Dogs of War

Leashing the Dogs of War
Conflict Management in a Divided World

by Chester A. Crocker,Fen Osler Hampson,Professor of International Affairs at Norman Paterson School of International Affairs Fen Osler Hampson,Pamela R. Aall

  • Publisher : US Institute of Peace Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 726
  • ISBN : 9781929223961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The definitive volume on the sources of contemporary conflict and the array of possible responses to it.

South Asia's Weak States

South Asia's Weak States
Understanding the Regional Insecurity Predicament

by T. V. Paul

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2010-08-09
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0804778531
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

South Asia, which consists of eight states of different sizes and capabilities, is characterized by high levels of insecurity at the inter-state, intra-state, and human level: insecurity that is manifest in both traditional and non-traditional security problems—especially transnational terrorism fuelled by militant religious ideologies. To explain what has caused and contributed to the perpetual insecurity and human suffering in the region, this book engages scholars of international relations, comparative politics, historical sociology, and economic development, among others, to reveal and analyze the key underlying and proximate drivers. It argues that the problems are driven largely by two critical variables: the presence of weak states and weak cooperative interstate norms. Based on this analysis and the conclusions drawn, the book recommends specific policies for making the region secure and for developing the long lasting inter- and intra-state cooperative mechanisms necessary for the perpetuation of that security.

Troubled Regions and Failing States

Troubled Regions and Failing States
The Clustering and Contagion of Armed Conflict

by Kristian Berg Harpviken

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2010-07-07
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 085724101X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Is the phenomenon of state failure better understood through a focus on the regional context? To what extent may studies of regional security benefit from a focus on the capacities and vulnerabilities of the states involved? This title addresses these questions.

Just War Theory and Non-State Actors

Just War Theory and Non-State Actors
Using an Historical Body of Knowledge in Modern Circumstances

by Eric E. Smith

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-03-20
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 131710983X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book uses an historical body of knowledge, Just War Theory, as the basis for analyzing modern conflicts involving Armed Non-State Actors who employ force against states. As the global community faces the challenges of globalization, terrorism, 24-hour international news coverage, super power collapse, weapons of mass destruction, and failed states, the author explores whether the historic bodies of knowledge governing decision makers during conflict remain relevant. Tracing the evolution of Just War Theory, he analyzes circumstances involving Armed Non-State Actor (ANSA) groups possessing powerful and destructive capabilities and a desire to use them, and pursues answers to the central research question: how does Just War Theory apply in modern scenarios involving ANSA groups who challenge the state and international institution’s monopoly on use of force? The study finds that Just War Theory still has the capacity to accommodate modern day statecraft and application in scenarios involving Armed Non-State Actors. This book will be of great interest to those researching and studying in the fields of political theory, security studies, international relations, war and conflict studies, and public ethics.

Persistent State Weakness in the Global Age

Persistent State Weakness in the Global Age
A Book

by Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-05-13
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 1317082060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Persistent State Weakness in the Global Age addresses the question of why state weakness in the global era persists. It debunks a common assumption that state weakness is a stop-gap on the path to state failure and state collapse. Informed by a globalization perspective, the book shows how state weakness is frequently self-reproducing and functional. The interplay of global actors, policies and norms is analyzed from the standpoint of their internalization in a weak state through transnational networks. Contributors examine the reproduction of partial and discriminatory rule at the heart of persistent state weakness, drawing on a wide geographical range of case studies including the Middle East, the Balkans, the post-Soviet states and sub-Saharan Africa. The study of state-weakening dynamics related to institutional incapacity, colonial and war legacies, legitimacy gaps, economic informality, democratization and state-building provides an insight into durability and resilience of weak states in the global age.

States and Peoples in Conflict

States and Peoples in Conflict
Transformations of Conflict Studies

by Michael Stohl,Mark I. Lichbach,Peter Nils Grabosky

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2017-04-07
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 1317226607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume evaluates the state of the art in conflict studies. Original chapters by leading scholars survey theoretical and empirical research on the origins, processes, patterns, and consequences of most forms and contexts of political conflict, protest, repression, and rebellion. Contributors examine key pillars of conflict studies, including civil war, religious conflict, ethnic conflict, transnational conflict, terrorism, revolution, genocide, climate change, and several investigations into the role of the state. The research questions guiding the text include inquiries into the interactions between the rulers and the ruled, authorities and challengers, cooperation and conflict, accommodation and resistance, and the changing context of conflict from the local to the global.

Sovereignty, State Failure and Human Rights

Sovereignty, State Failure and Human Rights
Petty Despots and Exemplary Villains

by Neil A. Englehart

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2017-05-08
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 131540821X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book argues that the effectiveness of the state apparatus is one of the crucial variables determining human rights conditions, and that state weakness and failure is responsible for much of the human rights abuses we see today. Weak states are unable to control their own agents or to police abuses by private actors, resulting in less accountability and more abuse. By contrast, stronger states have greater capacities to protect human rights; even strong authoritarian states tend to have better human rights conditions than weak ones. The first two chapters of the book develop the theoretical connections between international law, sovereignty, states and rights, and the consequences of state failure for these relationships. The empirical chapters (Chapters 3-6) test the validity of these theoretical claims, employing a multi-method approach that combines quantitative and qualitative methods. Englehart uses case studies of Afghanistan, Burma/Myanmar and the Indian state of Bihar to analyze types and patterns of state failure, based on analysis of NGO reports, archival research, primary and secondary texts, and interviews and field research. Examining what happens to human rights when states fail, the book concludes with implications for scholars and activists concerned with human rights. This book will be of great use to scholars of international relations, comparative politics, human rights law and state sovereignty.

Public Security in the Negotiated State

Public Security in the Negotiated State
Policing in Latin America and Beyond

by Markus-Michael Müller

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-11-24
  • Pages : 269
  • ISBN : 0230355579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Policing and security governance in areas of limited statehood have become central issues in contemporary academic and political debates. This book offers an in-depth study on public security provision, the resulting state-society relations, and policing in Mexico City.

Failed States and the Origins of Violence

Failed States and the Origins of Violence
A Comparative Analysis of State Failure as a Root Cause of Terrorism and Political Violence

by Tiffiany Howard

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-04-15
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 131713687X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

What makes a terrorist? Is an individual inherently predisposed to be attracted to political violence or does exposure to a certain environment desensitize them in such a way that violence represents a viable mode for addressing political grievances? Identifying state failure as the impetus for political violence this book addresses these questions and focuses on why existing extremist groups find failed states so attractive. Utilizing global barometer data, Tiffiany Howard examines the underpinnings of individual support for political violence and argues that an insidious pattern of deprivation within failed states drives ordinary citizens to engage in and support extreme acts of political violence. A rigorous examination of four regions plagued by a combination of failed states and political violence-Sub Saharan Africa, The Middle East and North Africa, Southeast and South Asia, and Latin America-this text draws parallels to arrive at a single conclusion: that failed states are a natural breeding ground for terrorism and political violence.

Understanding Statebuilding

Understanding Statebuilding
Traditional Governance and the Modern State in Somaliland

by Rebecca Richards

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-02-24
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 1317004655
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Much analysis of state building focusses on dissecting specific projects and attempting to identify what has gone ’wrong’ in states such as Afghanistan and Iraq. What draws less attention is what has gone ’right’ in non-interventionist statebuilding projects within 'unrecognised’ states. By examining this model in more depth a more successful model of statebuilding emerges in which the end goal of modern democracy and good governance are more likely to be realized. Indeed 'states-within-states’ such as Somaliland where external intervention in the statebuilding process is largely absent can provide vital new lessons. Somaliland is a functioning democratic political entity in northwestern Somalia which declared its independence from the troubled south in 1991 and then embarked on an ambitious project to create a democratic government and successful state in the post-conflict environment. The leaders and the people of Somaliland have since succeeded not only in maintaining peace and stability, but also in building the institutions of government and the foundations for democracy that have led to a succession of elections, peaceful transfers of power and a consolidation of democratization. The resulting state of Somaliland is widely hailed as a beacon of success within a politically turbulent region and provides a useful framework for successful statebuilding projects throughout the world.