State Sponsor of Terror

State Sponsor of Terror
The Global Threat of Iran

by United States. Congress,Committee on Foreign Affairs

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-09-20
  • Pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9781976564994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State sponsor of terror: the global threat of Iran : hearing before the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, first session, February 11, 2015.

State Sponsor of Terror: the Global Threat of Iran

State Sponsor of Terror: the Global Threat of Iran
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session, February 11, 2015

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 61
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State Sponsor of Terror: the Global Threat of Iran :.

State Sponsor of Terror: the Global Threat of Iran :.
A Book

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State Sponsor of Terror

State Sponsor of Terror
The Global Threat of Iran

by Nonproliferat Subcommittee on Terrorism,and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs House of Representatives, Nonproliferation Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs House of Representatives

  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release : 2015-05-17
  • Pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9781512247336
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Iranians are the largest state sponsor of terror in the world. Iranian proxy groups like Hezbollah resource and execute attacks around the world. Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Quds Force troops personally support and engineer attacks on a global scale. In 2011, the Iranians plotted to assassinate the Saudi Ambassador to the United States in Washington, DC. That plot was uncovered and stopped before it could be carried out. In Yemen, would-be rebels overthrew the government with the support of the regime in Tehran. Iran has long supported Houthis against Yemen's Sunni tribes. In Iraq, Iran is reenergizing Shia death squads to prop up the government in Baghdad. In neighboring Syria, Iran is even stronger. Iran virtually controls the Assad regime and helps the murderous dictator cling to power every day. Iran must be held accountable for its state sponsorship of acts of terror. It should not be given a pass just because it is in negotiations with us about its nuclear weapon program. All of these activities are part of Iran's plan to expand its influence and its stature and to spread its terror around the globe.

State Sponsor of Terror: The Global Threat of Iran, Hearing, February 11, 2015, 114-1

State Sponsor of Terror: The Global Threat of Iran, Hearing, February 11, 2015, 114-1
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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State Sponsorship of Terrorism

State Sponsorship of Terrorism
A Comparison of Cuba's and Iran's Use of Terrorism to Export Ideological Revolutions

by Crystal M. Schaeffer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the Vietnam War, the definition of traditional warfare has changed from the military action that was observed in previous wars such as the Korean War, and both World Wars. Traditional warfare included accepted rules of engagement, drawn battlefield lines, and other elements that were generally expected and anticipated during wartime. Currently, the United States is involved in an 'Overseas Contingency Operation' (OCO) previously known as the 'Global War on Terror' (GWOT), in which soldiers face not a Nation State, but a group of terrorists, who do not claim allegiance to any specific country. In addition to the threat of terrorists acting as individuals, as groups or as organizations, the United States is also dealing with State Sponsors of Terrorism (SST), who utilize terrorist groups to achieve their own political agenda. One method the United States Government uses to confront this challenge by is establishing and maintaining a running list of States that sponsor terrorism. Cuba, Iran, Syria, and Sudan are currently on this list. The list, produced by the U.S. Department of x State, is designed to enable U.S. policy makers to enforce restrictions in the form of embargos and sanctions against State Sponsors of Terrorism as a method to punish States for providing such support. The U. S. Department of State defines SST as those who "repeatedly provide critical support for non-state terrorist groups, who without sponsorship, would have a much more difficult time obtaining the weapons, material, and safe areas to plan, train adherents, and conduct terrorist activities." Various definitions of State Sponsorship exist; however, fulfillment of a political goal remains the underlying constant. The list of State Sponsors highlights the fact that the U.S. views these nations as potential threats. Although knowing who supports terrorism is necessary, this dissertation seeks to provide a method for analyzing the characteristics of SST to provide an opportunity to gain further insight into the justifications why each nation supports terrorist activities. This dissertation will examine the techniques that Cuba and Iran implemented in order to sponsor terrorism for the purpose of globally exporting their own ideological revolution. While analyzing these techniques, the environment that fostered both Cuba and Iran to become leading State Sponsors of Terrorism will become apparent through the examination of the root causes of the Cuban and Iranian revolutions and the conditions that existed that paved the way for Castro and Khomeini to take power. By identifying and examining the phases of State Sponsored Terrorism, an understanding of the similar sponsorship techniques that both Cuba and Iran applied during their tenure as State Sponsors will develop, highlighting the commonalities within each, and the results of each phase. Through the study of these phases of terrorism, a pattern of exploitation emerges that will enable a stronger appreciation for the history of SST and a capability to conduct tread analysis that could better establish the prediction of future actions of similar State Sponsors. Terrorism threatens the lives of numerous innocent people on a daily basis. It is inherently successful because it fosters the fear that safety is never guaranteed; Americans learned that on September 11th as three planes collided into the World Trade Center and Pentagon and a fourth crashed en route to D.C. in Pennsylvania. State Sponsorship of Terrorism has greatly increased the lethality of terrorist acts which is why the United States has focused efforts on putting political and economic pressure on states that choose terrorism as a main component of it's foreign and domestic policy. These two states, Iran and Cuba, represent only two threats facing the United States; they have the strongest history in recent years of SST. The study of these states may shed light on how to develop a better predictive model of SST behavior benefiting the U.S. in developing policy for combating terrorism.

Iran

Iran
A Quarter-century of State-sponsored Terror : Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia and the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, February 16, 2005

by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations. Subcommittee on the Middle East and Central Asia,U S Government Printing Office

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Future of Iranian Terror and Its Threat to the U.s. Homeland

The Future of Iranian Terror and Its Threat to the U.s. Homeland
A Book

by Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Int

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2016-12-02
  • Pages : 54
  • ISBN : 9781540762207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Iranian nuclear agreement is a false deal, which gave Iran $100 billion, access to global markets, and greater freedom of movement. We have seen evidence of Iran's true nature, such as when they released sensitive, embarrassing photographs of U.S. sailors during their illegal detention in Iran. This is the type of action you expect from an outlaw nation, not a nation which has just entered into an agreement, which has elements of good faith in it. It is an indicator of the real thinking behind the leaders in Iran. While the White House and State Department have been moving forward with the Nuclear Deal, intelligence professionals have been consistent that Iran and its proxies still pose a significant threat. In testimony before the Senate Intelligence Committee, Director of National Intelligence (DNI) James Clapper, said that Iran is, "The foremost state sponsor of terrorism and employs the Islamic Revolutionary Guards, Quds Force, Hezbollah, and other proxy groups." While the Nuclear Deal is intended to prevent Iran from developing a nuclear weapon, as DNI Clapper noted in his testimony, Iran's, "military and security services are keen to demonstrate that their regional power ambitions have not been altered by the deal."

Terrorism Revisited

Terrorism Revisited
Islamism, Political Violence and State-Sponsorship

by Paulo Casaca,Siegfried O. Wolf

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-24
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 3319556908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book develops a conceptual approach to understanding the face of contemporary terrorism as manifested in the recent attacks in Mumbai and Paris. By analyzing the historical evolution of terrorism and by offering case studies on different forms of terrorism in South Asia and elsewhere, the authors shed new light on the political strategies behind terrorist attacks, as well as on the motivations of terrorists. The case studies explore the redefinition of terrorism by the Iranian Islamic revolution, the spread of terrorism in Sunni Islam, the national jihadism in Pakistan, anti-Semitism as a main factor behind fanatical terrorist ideologies, and the case of the Tamil Tigers. "Redefining terrorism is a dynamic story that provides readers with intrigue and clarity to the ever-evolving threats that we face as a nation and as a global community. The authors masterfully navigate through the intricate maze of global terrorism bringing an overwhelming dose of reality through his usage of real life, gripping experiences. Through this book military and intelligence analysts and policy makers alike will gain first-hand knowledge about not only what the world looks like today but a glimpse into the future."US Congressman Pete Sessions

Deadly Connections

Deadly Connections
States that Sponsor Terrorism

by Daniel Byman

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-06-27
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN : 9781139445955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thousands of people have died at the hands of terrorist groups who rely on state support for their activities. Iran and Syria are well known as sponsors of terrorism, while other countries, some with strong connections to the West, have enabled terrorist activity by turning a blind eye. Daniel Byman's hard-hitting and articulate book analyzes this phenomenon. Focusing primarily on sponsors from the Middle East and South Asia, it examines the different types of support that states provide, their motivations, and the impact of such sponsorship. The book also considers regimes that allow terrorists to raise money and recruit without providing active support. The experiences of Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Libya are detailed here, alongside the histories of radical groups such as al-Qaida and Hizballah. The book concludes by assessing why it is often difficult to force sponsors to cut ties to terrorist groups and suggesting ways in which it could be done better in the future.

Global Threat Reduction

Global Threat Reduction
A Book

by Sharon A. Squassoni,Amy F. Woolf

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 151
  • ISBN : 9781600210808
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Globalizing cooperative threat reduction : a survey of options / Sharon Squassoni -- Nunn-Lugar cooperative threat reduction programs / Amy F. Woolf -- Nuclear threat reduction measures for India and Pakistan / Sharon Squassoni -- Expanding threat reduction and nonproliferation programs / Amy F. Woolf

North Korea, Iran and the Challenge to International Order

North Korea, Iran and the Challenge to International Order
A Comparative Perspective

by Patrick McEachern,Jaclyn O’Brien McEachern

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-08-23
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 1351587137
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines and compares the political situations in North Korea and Iran, and the contemporary security challenges posed by their illicit nuclear aspirations. While government officials, including a series of American presidents, strategic policy documents and outside analysts have repeatedly noted that North Korea and Iran occupy a similar challenge, the commonality has largely been left unexplored. This book argues that North Korea and Iran are uniquely common in the world today in their illicit nuclear aspirations in violation of their legal commitments made under the Non-Proliferation Treaty. The work evaluates alternative arguments, some of which sustain that the two states should be grouped together based on other metrics, such as nuclear powers that sponsor terrorist organizations or nuclear states that violate human rights, and find alternative explanations do not hold up to empirical scrutiny. Drawing on newly declassified documents and Iranian and North Korean sources, the book provides a comprehensive and comparative assessment of the two states’ social, historical, economic, and domestic political structures and situation to make these determinations. Furthermore, it reviews the nuclear issue stemming from Iran and North Korea and the efforts to constrain these programs. The book concludes with specific policy recommendations that apply diplomatic lessons learned from dealing with Iran to North Korea and vice versa. This book will be of interest to students of nuclear proliferation, international security, foreign policy and International Relations.

Tehran Rising

Tehran Rising
Iran's Challenge to the United States

by Ilan Berman

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Release : 2007-04-24
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1461666384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Islamic Republic of Iran today constitutes the single greatest challenge to the United States and the War on Terror. In the Persian Gulf and Central Asia, Iranian policymakers are busy cobbling together alliances intended to elevate it to the status of a regional superpower at the expense of the U.S. and its European allies. In Iraq, Iran is spending millions to perpetuate a lingering insurgency that threatens to transform the former Ba'athist state into another Islamic Republic. Iran remains the world's most active sponsor of terrorism, fueling the activities of Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Hezbollah and al-Qaeda. And through its nuclear advances, mature chemical- and biological weapons programs, and an expanding conventional military, Iran is gaining the capability to catastrophically alter the balance of power far beyond its immediate neighborhood. All of this has been guided by an ambitious strategic agenda that is designed to make the Iranian regime the center of gravity in the post-Saddam Middle East. As evidence of this threat mounts, one thing remains crystal clear to Ilan Berman: 'Washington is woefully unprepared to deal with this mounting peril.' Berman's approach is hard-hitting, provocative and unflinchingly critical. But he takes the exploration of Iran's menace one step further, providing what has been missing so far in the foreign policy discourse regarding Iran, both within the U.S. government and outside it_practical policy prescriptions designed to contain Iran's strategic ambitions.

Terrornomics

Terrornomics
A Book

by Sean S. Costigan,David Gold

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-16
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 1317045904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, no single issue dominates the global political landscape as much as terrorism. Aware of their unique position in the newly unipolar world, terrorist leaders have articulated that economic warfare is a key component of the new terrorist agenda. Governments have accentuated the role of economic tools in their counter-terrorism policies while maintaining emphasis on the application of military force, or 'hard power', even though such tools often prove unnecessarily blunt or even sorely inadequate. Given the complexity of the global threat posed by modern transnational terrorist groups, combating terrorism with a mix of 'hard' and 'soft power' is more important than ever. As an invaluable new book in terrorism studies, Terrornomics brings together contributions from renowned international scholars and practitioners to provide a multifaceted view of contemporary financial counterterrorism and terrorist funding efforts. It employs key concepts, terms, case studies and policy recommendations to advance our understanding of the threats and possible courses of action, thus enabling us to grasp the critical financial and economic issues while providing potential counterterrorist strategies.

Deterring Terrorism

Deterring Terrorism
Theory and Practice

by Andreas Wenger,Alex Wilner

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 2012-09-19
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0804783470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the Cold War, deterrence theory was the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, however, popular wisdom dictated that terrorist organizations and radical fanatics could not be deterred—and governments shifted their attention to combating terrorism rather than deterring it. This book challenges that prevailing assumption and offers insight as to when and where terrorism can be deterred. It first identifies how and where theories of deterrence apply to counterterrorism, highlighting how traditional and less-traditional notions of deterrence can be applied to evolving terrorist threats. It then applies these theoretical propositions to real-world threats to establish the role deterrence has within a dynamic counterterrorism strategy—and to identify how metrics can be created for measuring the success of terrorism deterrence strategies. In sum, it provides a foundation for developing effective counterterrorism policies to help states contain or curtail the terrorism challenges they face.

The Iranian Threat

The Iranian Threat
Iran's Confrontation with the United States and Pursuit of Middle Eastern Hegemony

by Cameron S. Graham

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Networks, Terrorism and Global Insurgency

Networks, Terrorism and Global Insurgency
A Book

by Robert J. Bunker

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-03-05
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1136873430
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new book brings together leading terrorism scholars and defence professionals to discuss the impact of networks on conflict and war. Post-modern terrorism and topics of global insurgency are also comprehensively covered. The text is divided into four sections to cover the key areas: introductory/overview, theory, terrorism and global insurgency, Al Qaeda focus, and networks. Eminent contributors include John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt, Brian Jenkins, Stephen Sloan, Graham Turbiville, and Max Manwaring. This book was previously published as a special issue of the leading journal Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement.

Global Terrorism

Global Terrorism
A Book

by James M. Lutz,Brenda J. Lutz

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 0415700515
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook is a comprehensive introduction to global terrorism helping students to understand the history, politics, ideologies and strategies of both contemporary and older terrorist groups. Written in a clear and accessible style, each chapter explains a different aspect of terrorism and illustrates this with a wide variety of case studies from across the world. Topics covered include: * definitions and typology of terrorism * classifications of groups, weapons and techniques * religious terrorism * ethnic disputes * left wing and right wing extremism * state-sponsored terrorism * techniques for countering terrorism * future development of terrorist activity Case studies include: * Terror in the French Revolution * The Zealots * Irish Republicanism * The Italian Red Brigades * American militias * Columbia * Ethnic cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina * SriLanka * Al-Qeada . PLO The unique combination of a genuinely historical focus and truly global coverage make this the ideal introductory textbook for anyone studying terrorism or for the general reader with an interest in the key issue facing 21st Century society.

International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 36
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report examines international terrorist actions, threats, U.S. policies and responses. It reviews the nation's use of tools at its disposal to combat terrorism, from diplomacy, international cooperation, and constrictive engagement to physical security enhancement, economic sanctions, covert action, and military force.

Patterns of Global Terrorism and Threats to the United States

Patterns of Global Terrorism and Threats to the United States
Hearing Before the Special Oversight Panel on Terrorism of the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, Hearing Held May 22, 2001

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Special Oversight Panel on Terrorism

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Høring i den amerikanske kongres vedrørende global terrorisme og trusler mod USA