Struggling with Alevi Identity

Struggling with Alevi Identity
An Anthropological Analysis of the Social Processes that Structure the Unequal Relationship Between the Abdal and Tahtaci Communities of Fethiye, Southwestern Turkey

by Michael Azariadis

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Struggling for Recognition

Struggling for Recognition
The Alevi Movement in Germany and in Transnational Space

by Martin Sökefeld

  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 9781845454784
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a religious and cultural minority in Turkey, the Alevis have suffered a long history of persecution and discrimination. In the late 1980s they started a movement for the recognition of Alevi identity in both Germany and Turkey. Today, they constitute a significant segment of Germany's Turkish immigrant population. In a departure from the current debate on identity and diaspora, Sökefeld offers a rich account of the emergence and institutionalization of the Alevi movement in Germany, giving particular attention to its politics of recognition within Germany and in a transnational context. The book deftly combines empirical findings with innovative theoretical arguments and addresses current questions of migration, diaspora, transnationalism, and identity.

Alevism as an Ethno-Religious Identity

Alevism as an Ethno-Religious Identity
Contested Boundaries

by Celia Jenkins,Suavi Aydin,Umit Cetin

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-10-23
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN : 1351600990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Until recently the importance of religion in the modern world has often been underestimated in Western societies, whereas its significance is absolutely crucial in the Middle East. Religion is critical to a sense of belonging for communities and nations, and can be a force for unity or division. This is the case for the Alevis, an ethnic and religious community that constitutes approximately 20% of the Turkish population – its second largest religious group. In the current crisis in the Middle East, the heightened religious tensions between Sunnis, Shias and Alawites raise questions about who the Alevis are and where they stand in this conflict. With an ambiguous relationship to Islam, historically Alevis have been treated as a ‘suspect community’ in Turkey and recently, whilst distinct from Alawites, have sympathised with the Assad regime’s secular orientation. The chapters in this book analyse different aspects of Alevi identity in relation to religion, politics, culture, education and national identity, drawing on specialist research in the field. The approach is interdisciplinary and contributes to wider debates concerning ethnicity, religion, migration and trans/national identity within and across ethno-religious boundaries. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the National Identities journal.

Alevis in Europe

Alevis in Europe
Voices of Migration, Culture and Identity

by Tözün Issa

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-07-22
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1317182642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Alevis are a significant minority in Turkey, and now also in the countries of Western Europe. Over the past century, many of them have migrated from rural enclaves on the Anatolian plateau to the great cities of Istanbul and Ankara, and from there to the countries of the European Union. This book asks who are they? How do they construct their identities – now and in the past; in Turkey and in Europe? A range of scholars, writing from sociological, historical, socio-psychological and political perspectives, present analysis and research that shows the Alevi communities grouping and regrouping, defining and redefining – sometimes as an ethnic minority, sometimes as religious groups, sometimes around a political philosophy - contingently responding to circumstances of the Turkish Republic’s political position and to the immigration policies of Western Europe. Contributors consider Alevi roots and cultural practices in their villages of origin; the changes in identity following the migration to the gecekondu shanty towns surrounding the cities of Turkey; the changes consequent on their second diaspora to Germany, the UK, Sweden and other European countries; and the implications of European citizenship for their identity. This collection offers a new and significant contribution to the study of migration and minorities in the wider European context.

The Kurdish Question: Identity, Representation and the Struggle for Self- Determination

The Kurdish Question: Identity, Representation and the Struggle for Self- Determination
Identity, Representation and the Struggle for Self- Determination

by Anonim

  • Publisher : KW Publishers Pvt Ltd
  • Release : 2015-07-15
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 9385714082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book examines several models which have been advocated for a workable and acceptable solution to the Kurdish problem which would be absolutely necessary for stability in the West Asian region. The book evaluates how the more than two-decade long experience of Kurdish self-rule in a democratic framework in Iraqi Kurdistan affects the debate over the other Kurdish regions in West Asia. With Turkey’s European Union accession process contributing to the opening of the political space to ethno-nationalism, there is a need for a non-military solution to the Kurdish issue. The book analyses the role of Kurdish diaspora which plays a significant part in placing the Kurdish question on the European political agenda. It also examines the role of the Kurds in the aftermath of the Arab Spring and the changing geopolitics in the region. Now, the Kurds maintain the strongest platform in battling against the ISIS terrorists.

Alevism as an Ethno-Religious Identity

Alevism as an Ethno-Religious Identity
Contested Boundaries

by Celia Jenkins,Suavi Aydin,Umit Cetin

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-10-23
  • Pages : 130
  • ISBN : 1351600990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Until recently the importance of religion in the modern world has often been underestimated in Western societies, whereas its significance is absolutely crucial in the Middle East. Religion is critical to a sense of belonging for communities and nations, and can be a force for unity or division. This is the case for the Alevis, an ethnic and religious community that constitutes approximately 20% of the Turkish population – its second largest religious group. In the current crisis in the Middle East, the heightened religious tensions between Sunnis, Shias and Alawites raise questions about who the Alevis are and where they stand in this conflict. With an ambiguous relationship to Islam, historically Alevis have been treated as a ‘suspect community’ in Turkey and recently, whilst distinct from Alawites, have sympathised with the Assad regime’s secular orientation. The chapters in this book analyse different aspects of Alevi identity in relation to religion, politics, culture, education and national identity, drawing on specialist research in the field. The approach is interdisciplinary and contributes to wider debates concerning ethnicity, religion, migration and trans/national identity within and across ethno-religious boundaries. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the National Identities journal.

Alevi Identity

Alevi Identity
Cultural, Religious and Social Perspectives

by Tord Olsson,Elisabeth Ozdalga,Catharina Raudvere

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2005-09-30
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 1135797242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the rising momentum for new and reformulated cultural identities, the Turkish Alevi have also emerged on the scene, demanding due recognition. In this process a number of dramatic events have served as important milestones: the clashes between Sunni and Alevi in Kahramanmaras in 1979 and Corum in 1980, the incendiarism in Sivas in 1992, and the riots in Istanbul (Gaziosmanpasa) in 1995. Less evocative, but in the long run more significant, has been the rising interest in Alevi folklore and religious practices. Questions have also arisen as to what this branch of Islamic heterodoxy represents in terms of old and new identities. In this book, these questions are addressed by some of the most prominent scholars in the field.

Religious Minorities in Turkey

Religious Minorities in Turkey
Alevi, Armenians, and Syriacs and the Struggle to Desecuritize Religious Freedom

by Mehmet Bardakci,Annette Freyberg-Inan,Christoph Giesel,Olaf Leisse,Mehmet Bardakçi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-12-28
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 1137270268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book considers the key issue of Turkey’s treatment of minorities in relation to its complex paths of both European integration and domestic and international reorientation. The expectations of Turkey’s EU and other international counterparts, as well as important domestic demands, have pushed Turkey to broaden the rights of religious and other minorities. More recently a turn towards autocratic government is rolling back some earlier achievements. This book shows how these broader processes affect the lives of three important religious groups in Turkey: the Alevi as a large Muslim community and the Christian communities of Armenians and Syriacs. Drawing on a wealth of original data and extensive fieldwork, the authors compare and explain improvements, set-backs, and lingering concerns for Turkey’s religious minorities and identify important challenges for Turkey’s future democratic development and European path. The book will appeal to students and scholars in the fields of minority politics, contemporary Turkish politics, and religion and politics.

Religion, Identity and Politics

Religion, Identity and Politics
Germany and Turkey in Interaction

by Haldun Gülalp,Günter Seufert

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-06-26
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1136231668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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German–Turkish relations, which have a long history and generally unrecognized depth, have rarely been examined as mutually formative processes. Isolated instances of influence have been examined in detail, but the historical and still ongoing processes of mutual interaction have rarely been seriously considered. The ruling assumption has been that Germany may have an impact on Turkey, but not the other way around. Religion, Identity and Politics examines this mutual interaction, specifically with regard to religious identities and institutions. It opposes the commonly held assumption that Europe is the abode of secularism and enlightenment, while the lands of Islam are the realm of backwardness and fundamentalism. Both historically and contemporarily, Germany has treated religion as a core aspect of communal and civilizational identity and framed its institutions accordingly; the book explores how there has been, and continues to be, a mutual exchange in this regard between Germany and both the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey. The authors show that the definition of identity and regulation of communities have been explicitly based on religion until the early and since the late twentieth century; the period in between– the age of secular nationalism– which has always been treated as the norm, now appears more clearly as an exception. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, politics, history and religion.

Guide

Guide
A Guide to Departments, a Directory of Members

by American Anthropological Association

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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KURDISH STUDIES, VOLUME 8, NUMBER 1, MAY 2020 SPECIAL ISSUE: ALEVI KURDS: HISTORY, POLITICS AND IDENTITY

KURDISH STUDIES, VOLUME 8, NUMBER 1, MAY 2020 SPECIAL ISSUE: ALEVI KURDS: HISTORY, POLITICS AND IDENTITY
A Book

by Umit Cetin,Celia Jenkins,Suavi Aydin

  • Publisher : Transnational Press London
  • Release : 2020-05-25
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1912997487
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Special Issue: Alevi Kurds: History, Politics and Identity | Guest edited by Umit Cetin, Celia Jenkins, and Suavi Aydın | EDITORIAL: Alevi Kurds: History, Politics and Identity by Umit Cetin, Celia Jenkins, and Suavi Aydın | Politics and Identity in Alevi Kurds: An Interview with Martin van Bruinessen by Umit Cetin, Celia Jenkins, and Suavi Aydın | A Survey of the Roots and History of Kurdish Alevism: What are the Divergences and Convergences between Kurdish Alevi Groups inTurkey? by Suavi Aydın | Reflections on the 19th Century Missionary Reports as Sources for the History of the (Kurdish) Kizilbash by Ayfer Karakaya-Stump | Political Representation of Alevi Kurds in Turkey: Historical Trends and Main Transformations by Cengiz Gunes | The Struggle to Make Diaspora Alevis Companion with Working Class: Alevism in Kavga / Kervan Magazine by Tuncay Bilecen | Diasporic Homeland, Rise of Identity and New Traditionalism: The Case of the British Alevi Festival by Cemal Salman | Language Attitudes and Religion: Kurdish Alevis in the UK by Birgul Yilmaz | “Aspirational Capital” and Transformations in First-Generation Alevi-Kurdish Parents’ Involvement with Their Children’s Education in theUK by Celia Jenkins | Unregulated Desires: Anomie, the “Rainbow Underclass” and Second-Generation Alevi Kurdish Gangs in London by Umit Cetin | Book Reviews

Turkish National Identity and Its Outsiders

Turkish National Identity and Its Outsiders
Memories of State Violence in Dersim

by Ozlem Goner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-06-14
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1315462958
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the ways in which states and nations are constructed and legitimated through defining and managing outsiders. Focusing on Turkey and the municipality of Dersim – a region that has historically combined different outsider identities, including Armenian, Kurdish, and Alevi identities – the author explores the remembering, transformation and mobilisation of everyday relations of power and the manner in which relationships with the state shape both outsider identities and the conception of the nation itself. Together with a discussion of the recent decade in which the history, identity, and nature of Dersim have been central to various social and political organisations, the author concentrates on three defining periods of state-outsider relationships – the massacre and the following displacements in Dersim known as ‘1938’; the growth of capitalism in Turkey and the leftist movements in Dersim between World War II and the coup d’état of 1980; and the rise of the PKK and the ‘state of exception’ in Dersim in the 1990s – to show how outsiders came to be defined as ‘exceptions to the law’ and how they were managed in different periods. Drawing on archival methods, field research, in-depth and multiple-session interviews and focus groups with three consecutive generations, this book offers a historical understanding of relationships of power and struggle as they are actualised and challenged at particular localities and shaped through the making of outsiderness. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology, anthropology and political science, as well as historians.

Diaspora

Diaspora
A Journal of Transnational Studies

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cultural Dynamics

Cultural Dynamics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An international journal for the study of processes and temporality of culture.

The Past as Resource in the Turkic Speaking World

The Past as Resource in the Turkic Speaking World
A Book

by Ildikó Bellér-Hann

  • Publisher : Ergon Verlag
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 171
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Die Reihe Istanbuler Texte und Studien (ITS) ist eine Buchreihe des Orient-Instituts Istanbul. Das Institut ist ein turkologisches und regional-wissenschaftliches Forschungsinstitut im Verbund der Max Weber Stiftung. In enger Kooperation mit turkischen und internationalen Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern widmet es sich einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Forschungsgebiete. Ausserdem ist das Orient-Institut Istanbul aktiv auf dem Gebiet des wissenschaftlichen Austausches zwischen Deutschland und der Turkei. Der 8. Band dieser Reihe beinhaltet: "The Past as Resource in the Turkic Speaking World".

Civil Society in the Grip of Nationalism

Civil Society in the Grip of Nationalism
Studies on Political Culture in Contemporary Turkey

by Günter Seufert,Stefanos Yerasimos,Karin Vorhoff

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Muslim Political Participation in Europe
A Book

by Jorgen S Nielsen

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2013-02-20
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0748677534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analyses European Muslim communities' developing involvement in their political environment and related Muslim and public debates.

Die Welt des Islams

Die Welt des Islams
Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Islamkunde

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Kurds

The Kurds
A Nation Denied

by David McDowall

  • Publisher : Minority Rights Group Publications
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 9781873194300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The author traces the history of the Kurds of Iraq, Iran, Turkey and elsewhere, examining the structures of Kurdish society and the growth of Kurdish nationalism.

Secularism and Religion-Making

Secularism and Religion-Making
A Book

by Markus Dressler,Arvind Mandair

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2011-10-03
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0199911290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book conceives of "religion-making" broadly as the multiple ways in which social and cultural phenomena are configured and reconfigured within the matrix of a world-religion discourse that is historically and semantically rooted in particular Western and predominantly Christian experiences, knowledges, and institutions. It investigates how religion is universalized and certain ideas, social formations, and practices rendered "religious" are thus integrated in and subordinated to very particular - mostly liberal-secular - assumptions about the relationship between history, politics, and religion. The individual contributions, written by a new generation of scholars with decisively interdisciplinary approaches, examine the processes of translation and globalization of historically specific concepts and practices of religion - and its dialectical counterpart, the secular - into new contexts. This volume contributes to the relatively new field of thought that aspires to unravel the thoroughly intertwined relationships between religion and secularism as modern concepts.