The Awakening of Muslim Democracy

The Awakening of Muslim Democracy
Religion, Modernity, and the State

by Jocelyne Cesari

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-14
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1107513294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why and how did Islam become such a political force in so many Muslim-majority countries? In this book, Jocelyne Cesari investigates the relationship between modernization, politics, and Islam in Muslim-majority countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Tunisia, and Turkey - countries that were founded by secular rulers and have since undergone secularized politics. Cesari argues that nation-building processes in these states have not created liberal democracies in the Western mold, but have instead spurred the politicization of Islam by turning it into a modern national ideology. Looking closely at examples of Islamic dominance in political modernization, this study provides a unique overview of the historical and political developments from the end of World War II to the Arab Spring that have made Islam the dominant force in the construction of the modern states, and discusses Islam's impact on emerging democracies in the contemporary Middle East.

When Islam and Democracy Meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States

When Islam and Democracy Meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States
A Book

by Jocelyne Cesari

  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • Release : 2006-02-21
  • Pages : 267
  • ISBN : 9781403971463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exploring the woefully neglected reality of Islam as a major cultural and relgious facet of American and European politics and societies, Cesari examines how Muslims in the West are challenging the notion of an inevitable clash or confrontation. With nearly twelve million Muslims living in the larger countries of Western Europe and almost six million in America, the challenges of integrating newcomers within different countries, and the place of Islam in democratic and secular context in the post 9/11 context, have become more pertinent. Comparing the interaction of Muslims with their new countries, this book addresses the implications of increased Islamic visability, violent clashes, beneficial cooperation, and questions within the Muslim community about their role and the role of Islam in democratic states. Pursuing a holistic approach to Muslims as a new minority within western democracy, Cesari provides important insights.

The Awakening of Muslim Democracy

The Awakening of Muslim Democracy
A Book

by Jocelyne Cesari

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-04-14
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN : 1107044189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why and how did Islam become such a political force in so many Muslim-majority countries? In this book, Jocelyne Cesari investigates the relationship between modernization, politics, and Islam in Muslim-majority countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Tunisia, and Turkey - countries that were founded by secular rulers and have since undergone secularized politics. Cesari argues that nation-building processes in these states have not created liberal democracies in the Western mold, but have instead spurred the politicization of Islam by turning it into a modern national ideology. Looking closely at examples of Islamic dominance in political modernization, this study provides a unique overview of the historical and political developments from the end of World War II to the Arab Spring that have made Islam the dominant force in the construction of the modern states, and discusses Islam's impact on emerging democracies in the contemporary Middle East.

Why the West Fears Islam

Why the West Fears Islam
An Exploration of Muslims in Liberal Democracies

by J. Cesari

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-07-24
  • Pages : 381
  • ISBN : 1137121203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Jocelyne Cesari examines the idea that Islam might threaten the core values of the West through testimonies from Muslims in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the US. Her book is an unprecedented exploration of Muslim religious and political life based on several years of field work in Europe and in the United States.

The Oxford Handbook of European Islam

The Oxford Handbook of European Islam
A Book

by Jocelyne Cesari

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 869
  • ISBN : 0199607974
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Handbook of European Islam is the first comprehensive approach to the multiple ways Islam has been studied across European countries. It is not a compilation of country profiles but rather a unique analytical review of the state of knowledge about Islam and Muslim in different European countries, as well as on thematic issues such as Hijab, Sharia, or Islamophobia. For this reason, it will remain relevant beyond the continuous flow of eventsthat rapidly make obsolete other sorts of compilation. It is also the first time, that Western and Eastern Europe are systematically analyzed together in one volume on the question of Islam, bringing to light similarities and also differences in the status of Muslims in these different parts of Europe.

The Arab Awakening

The Arab Awakening
Islam and the new Middle East

by Tariq Ramadan

  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release : 2012-04-05
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1846146518
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tariq Ramadan is one of the most acclaimed figures in the analysis of Islam and its political dimensions today. In The Arab Awakening he explores the opportunities and challenges across North Africa and the Middle East, as they look to create new, more open societies. He asks: can Muslim countries bring together Islam, pluralism and democracy without betraying their identity? Will the Arab world be able to reclaim its memory to reinvent education, women's rights, social justice, economic growth and the fight against corruption? Can this emancipation be envisioned with Islam, experienced not as a straitjacket, but as an ethical and cultural wealth? Arguing that the debate cannot be reduced to a confrontation between two approaches - the modern and secular versus the traditional and Islamic - Ramadan demonstrates that not only are both of these routes in crisis, but that the Arab world has an historic opportunity: to stop blaming the West, to jettison its victim status and to create a truly new dynamic. Tariq Ramadan offers up a challenge to the Middle East: what enduring legacy will you produce, from the historic moment of the Arab Spring?

We God's People

We God's People
Christianity, Islam and Hinduism in the World of Nations

by Jocelyne Cesari

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-03-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9781108429290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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North African Societies after the Arab Spring

North African Societies after the Arab Spring
Between Democracy and Islamic Awakening

by Massimiliano Cricco,Leila El Houssi,Alessia Melcangi

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2016-06-22
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 1443896578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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No attempt to define the Mediterranean as a region can overlook the multiplicity of political, religious and social forces at work along its shores. Responding to changes in the global and regional environment these forces have interacted in complex ways, as evidenced by their impact on the social, cultural, and political life of the states comprised between the covers of this collaborative volume. The peculiarity of the Mediterranean, as has been noted time and again, lies in its geographical position as a “sea in the middle of the land”, where different religions and cultures vie for recognition and self-expression. In the wake of the popular uprisings that have inflamed the region, beginning in Tunisia in December 2010, a drastic reorganisation of their respective state systems is coming into focus in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. Though their paths do not run along parallel lines, they share a common denominator: the determination of their people to become the masters of their destinies, and to do so by grappling with new forms of democracy. Almost five years later, after their rulers became the target of violent mass protests, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya are going through an exceptionally difficult transition, trying to accommodate their nascent constitutional forms to the new forces inspired by the Arab Spring.

Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival

Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival
The Politics of Ideas in the Middle East

by Thomas Molnar

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-05
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN : 135153131X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, the political ground beneath the Middle East has shifted. Arab nationalism the political orthodoxy for most of this century has lost its grip on the imagination and allegiance of a new generation. At the same time, Islam as an ideology has spread across the region, and "Islamists" bid to capture the center of politics. Most Western scholars and experts once hailed the redemptive power of Arabism. Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival is a critical assessment of the contradictions of Arab nationalism and Islamic fundamentalism, and the misrepresentation of both in the West.The first part of the book argues that Arab nationalism--the so-called Arab awakening--bore within it the seeds of its own failure. Arabism as an idea drew upon foreign sources and resources. Even as it claimed to liberate the Arabs from imperialism it deepened intellectual dependence upon the West's own romanticism and radicalism. Ultimately, Arab nationalism became a force of oppression rather than liberation, and a mirror image of the imperialism it defied. Kramer's essays together form the only chronological telling and the at fully documented postmortem of Arabism. The second part of the book examines the similar failings of Islamism, whose ideas are Islamic reworkings of Western ideological radicalism. Its effect has been to give new life to old rationales for oppression, authoritarianism, and sectarian division.Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival provides an alternative view of a century of Middle Eastern history. As the region moves fitfully past ideology, Kramer's perspective is more compelling than at any time in the past-in Western academe no less than among many in the Middle. This book will be of interest to sociologists, political scientists, economists, and Middle East specialists.

Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective

Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective
A Book

by José Casanova

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-04-15
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 019109286X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The relationship between secularism, democracy, religion, and gender equality has been a complex one across Western democracies and still remains contested. When we turn to Muslim countries, the situation is even more multifaceted. In the views of many western commentators, the question of Women Rights is the litmus test for Muslim societies in the age of democracy and liberalism. Especially since the Arab Awakening, the issue is usually framed as the opposition between liberal advocates of secular democracy and religious opponents of women's full equality. Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective critically re-engages this too simple binary opposition by reframing the debate around Islam and women's rights within a broader comparative literature. Bringing together leading scholars from a range of disciplines, it examines the complex and contingent historical relationships between religion, secularism, democracy, law, and gender equality. Part One addresses the nexus of religion, law, gender, and democracy through different disciplinary perspectives (sociology, anthropology, political science, law). Part Two localizes the implementation of this nexus between law, gender, and democracy and provides contextualized responses to questions raised in Part One. The contributors explore the situation of Muslim women's rights in minority conditions to shed light on the gender politics in the modernization of the nation and to ponder on the role of Islam in gender inequality across different Muslim countries.

Muslim Democratic Parties in the Middle East

Muslim Democratic Parties in the Middle East
Economy and Politics of Islamist Moderation

by A. Kadir Yildirim

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2016-09-26
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 0253023297
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A.Kadir Yildirim and other scholars have used the term "Muslim Democrat" to describe moderate Islamist political parties, suggesting a parallel with Christian Democratic parties in Europe. These parties (MDPs) are marked by their adherence to a secular political regime, normative commitment to the rules of a democratic political system, and the democratic political representation of a religious identity. In this book, Yildirim draws on extensive field research in Turkey, Egypt, and Morocco to examine this phenomenon and assess the interaction of economic and political factors in the development of MDPs. Distinguishing between "competitive [economic] liberalization" and "crony liberalization," he argues that MDPs are more likely to emerge and succeed in the context of the former. He summarizes that the broader implication is that the economic liberalization models adopted by governments in the region in the wake of the Arab Spring have significant implications for the future direction of party systems and democratic reform.

Morocco

Morocco
The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges

by Marvine Howe

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2005-06-30
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0195169638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Morocco, Marvine Howe, a former correspondent for The New York Times, presents an incisive account of the Moroccan kingdom and its people, past and present. She provides a frank portrait of the late King Hassan, whom she credits with laying the foundations of a modern state, and she highlights the pressures his successor King Mohammed VI has come under to transform the monarchy into a modern democracy. Howe addresses emerging issues--equal rights for women, the correction of glaring economic disparities--and asks the question: can this ancient Muslim kingdom embrace democracy in an era of deepening divisions between Islam and the West?

The Caliphate of Man

The Caliphate of Man
Popular Sovereignty in Modern Islamic Thought

by Andrew F. March

  • Publisher : Belknap Press
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0674987837
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Islamist thinkers used to debate the doctrine of the caliphate of man, which holds that God is sovereign but has appointed the multitude of believers as His vicegerent. Andrew March argues that the doctrine underpins a democratic vision of popular rule over governments and clerics. But is this an ideal regime destined to survive only in theory?

Islam and Democracy in the Maldives

Islam and Democracy in the Maldives
Interrogating Reformist Islam’s Role in Politics

by Azim Zahir

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-11-30
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1000505030
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines Islam’s relationship to democratization in the Indian Ocean nation of the Maldives. It explores how and why an electoral democracy based in a constitution that has many liberal features but also Islam-based limitations, especially lack of religious freedom, emerged in the country by 2009. In doing so, the book interrogates a major approach to Muslim politics that assumes reformist interpretations of Islam are a positive, and even a necessary, force for liberalization and democratization in Muslim-majority contexts. This book shows reformist Islam did play certain positive roles in democratization in the Maldives. However, the book suggests reformist Islam may not be an invariably uncontroversial force in the space of politics. It argues that modern nation building in the Maldives shaped by political actors with reformist Islamic orientations, since around the 1930s, has also completely transformed Islam as a modern institutional and discursive political religion. These transformations of Islam as a modern political religion have existed as path-dependent constraints on the depth of democratization, ensuring religion-based limitations and intensifying controversy over religion vis-à-vis the state and individual rights. An original empirical contribution towards a better understanding of Islam and politics in the Maldives, this book will be of interest to academics and students working on democracy, and Islam in particular, and in the fields of political science and area studies, especially South Asian politics.

Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective

Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective
A Book

by José Casanova

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-04-14
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0191092878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The relationship between secularism, democracy, religion, and gender equality has been a complex one across Western democracies and still remains contested. When we turn to Muslim countries, the situation is even more multifaceted. In the views of many western commentators, the question of Women Rights is the litmus test for Muslim societies in the age of democracy and liberalism. Especially since the Arab Awakening, the issue is usually framed as the opposition between liberal advocates of secular democracy and religious opponents of women's full equality. Islam, Gender, and Democracy in Comparative Perspective critically re-engages this too simple binary opposition by reframing the debate around Islam and women's rights within a broader comparative literature. Bringing together leading scholars from a range of disciplines, it examines the complex and contingent historical relationships between religion, secularism, democracy, law, and gender equality. Part One addresses the nexus of religion, law, gender, and democracy through different disciplinary perspectives (sociology, anthropology, political science, law). Part Two localizes the implementation of this nexus between law, gender, and democracy and provides contextualized responses to questions raised in Part One. The contributors explore the situation of Muslim women's rights in minority conditions to shed light on the gender politics in the modernization of the nation and to ponder on the role of Islam in gender inequality across different Muslim countries.

Islam and the Arab Awakening

Islam and the Arab Awakening
A Book

by Tariq Ramadan

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 0199933731
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explores the "Arab Spring" uprisings of 2010 through today--their origin, significance and possible futures.

Reporting Political Islam and Democracy

Reporting Political Islam and Democracy
Al Jazeera and the Politics of Journalism

by Mohammed-Ali Abunajela,Nael Jebril

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2020-05-14
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0755606388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For over a decade, Al Jazeera (Arabic) occupied an unprecedented position among Arab audiences and families. Its attractive and daring news coverage has inspired millions of Arabs, and led other news channels to follow suit by changing their reporting narrative and presentational style. However, in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings in 2011, the close adoption of the Arab uprisings in general, and the Egyptian one in particular, made the channel fall into the eye of the public storm through its extensive 24-hour coverage. This book assesses whether the channel systematically provided a platform for certain ideologies or ignored others, and if and how Al Jazeera's language had shifted after the 2011 Arab uprisings. It also explores the rationale behind adopting particular editorial principles featured in the analyses, and scrutinises the findings within the framework of media, religion and democratisation.

Ethnic Minorities in Democratizing Muslim Countries

Ethnic Minorities in Democratizing Muslim Countries
Turkey and Indonesia

by Maurizio Geri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-04-27
  • Pages : 251
  • ISBN : 3319755749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the ways in which democratizing Muslim countries treat their ethnic minorities’ requests of inclusiveness and autonomy. The author examines the results of two important cases—the securitization of Kurds in Turkey and the “autonomization” (a new concept coined by the study) of Acehnese in Indonesia—through multiple hypotheses: the elites’ power interest, the international factors, the institutions and history of the state, and the ontological security of the country. By examining states with ethnic diversity and very little religious diversity, the research controls for the effect of religious conflict on minority inclusion, and so allows expanded generalizations and comparisons. In non-Muslim majority countries, and in so called “mature democracies,” the problem of the inclusion of old or new ethnic minorities is also crucial for the sustainability of the “never-ending” democratization processes.

Islam and Democracy

Islam and Democracy
Perspectives on the Arab Spring

by Aylin Ünver Noi

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2014-10-02
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 1443868744
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The electoral success of Islamist parties in the Middle East and North Africa in the wake of the Arab Spring has been welcomed by their Islamist proponents that were under pressure from their former ruling regimes. However, their success has been met with concerns and fears by secularists and religious minorities in these countries. The question of whether this Arab Islamic awakening represents a step forward or backward for human rights and democracy came to the agenda because of the possibility of the marginalization of those rights by fundamentalists religious political parties or groups. This book explores changes in the Middle East and North Africa in the aftermath of the Arab Spring by giving a brief history of developments. It discusses the types of challenges that these countries have faced, and continue to face, during their democratic transitions. It offers readers a more complete overview of the complex and interrelated aspects of the Arab Spring and the roles of Islam and democracy in these ongoing developments.

Realism and Democracy

Realism and Democracy
American Foreign Policy after the Arab Spring

by Elliott Abrams

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-09-12
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108248233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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America is turning away from support for democrats in Arab countries in favor of 'pragmatic' deals with tyrants to defeat violent Islamist extremism. For too many policymakers, Arab democracy is seen as a dangerous luxury. In Realism and Democracy, Elliott Abrams marshals four decades of experience as an American official and leading Middle East expert and shows that deals with tyrants will not work. Islamism is an idea that can only be defeated by a better idea: democracy. Through a careful analysis of America's record of democracy promotion in the region and beyond, from the Cold War to the Obama years, Abrams proves that repression helps Islamists beat democrats, while political openings offer moderates and liberals a chance. This book makes a powerful argument for an American foreign policy that combines practical politics and idealism and refuses to abandon those struggling for democracy and human rights in the Arab world.