The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-02-22
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 0128145129
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Effect of Sterilization Methods on Plastics and Elastomers, Fourth Edition brings together a wide range of essential data on the sterilization of plastics and elastomers, thus enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The data tables in this book enable engineers and scientists to select the right materials and sterilization method for a given product or application. The book is a unique and essential reference for anybody working with plastic materials that are likely to be exposed to sterilization methods, be it in medical device or packaging development, food packaging or other applications. Presents essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in applications that require sterile packaging and equipment Updated edition removes obsolete data, updates manufacturers, verifies data accuracy, and adds new plastics materials for comparison Provides essential information and guidance for FDA submissions required for new medical devices

The Effect of Sterilization Methods on Plastics and Elastomers, 2nd Edition

The Effect of Sterilization Methods on Plastics and Elastomers, 2nd Edition
A Book

by Liesl K. Massey

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2004-12-31
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN : 0815519230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This extensively updated second edition was created for medical device, medical packaging, and food packaging design engineers, material product technical support, and research/development personnel. This comprehensive databook contains important characteristics and properties data on the effects of sterilization methods on plastics and elastomers. It provides a ready reference for comparing materials in the same family as well as materials in different families. Data is presented on 43 major plastic and elastomer packaging materials, including biodegradable or organic polymers. New to this edition are resin chapters containing textual summary information including: category; general description; applications; resistances to particular sterilization methods; and regulatory status considerations for use in medical devices and medical/food packaging. The resin chapter material supplier trade name product data is presented in graphical and tabular format, with results normalized to SI units, retaining the familiar format of the best selling first edition and allowing easy comparison between materials and test conditions.

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 145573005X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc. The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard data source. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics 25% new data

Library Journal

Library Journal
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 2nd Ed.

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers, 2nd Ed.
A Guide to Packaging and Barrier Materials

by Liesl K. Massey

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 615
  • ISBN : 9780080950570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This extensively revised and updated second edition of the only data handbook available on the properties of commercial polymeric films details the permeability characteristics of over 125 major plastic and elastomer packaging materials. New to this edition are 92 resin chapters containing textual summary information including: category, general description, processing methods, applications, and general permeability considerations for water vapor, oxygen, and other gases including aroma and flavor. The product data is presented in graphical and tabular format, retaining the familiar format of the first edition and allowing easy comparison between materials and test conditions.

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2011-09-08
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 1437734707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Permeability properties are essential data for the selection of materials and design of products across a broad range of market sectors from food packaging to Automotive applications to Medical Devices. This unique handbook brings together a wealth of permeability data in a form that enables quick like-for-like comparisons between materials. The data is supported by a full explanation of its interpretation, and an introduction to the engineering aspects of permeability in polymers. The third edition includes expanded explanatory text which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers, written by industry insider and author Larry McKeen (DuPont), and 20% new data and major new explanatory text sections to aid in the interpretation and application of the data. A unique collection of permeability data designed to enable quick like-for-like comparisons between different materials Third edition includes 20% new data and expanded explanatory text, which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers Essential reference for materials engineers, design engineers and applications engineers across sectors including packaging, automotive and medical devices

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Temperature and Other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 822
  • ISBN : 9780815520061
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters. Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated. . Detailed introductions of plastics properties, testing procedures, and principles of plastics design. . The only "databook" available on the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on plastics and elastomers. .-

Plastics in Medical Devices

Plastics in Medical Devices
Properties, Requirements and Applications

by Vinny R. Sastri

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-03-05
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 081552028X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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No book has been published that gives a detailed description of all the types of plastic materials used in medical devices, the unique requirements that the materials need to comply with and the ways standard plastics can be modified to meet such needs. This book will start with an introduction to medical devices, their classification and some of the regulations (both US and global) that affect their design, production and sale. A couple of chapters will focus on all the requirements that plastics need to meet for medical device applications. The subsequent chapters describe the various types of plastic materials, their properties profiles, the advantages and disadvantages for medical device applications, the techniques by which their properties can be enhanced, and real-world examples of their use. Comparative tables will allow readers to find the right classes of materials suitable for their applications or new product development needs.

Polyurethanes in Biomedical Applications

Polyurethanes in Biomedical Applications
A Book

by NinaM.K. Lamba

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 135142338X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyurethanes in Biomedical Applications studies the use of polyurethanes in implanted medical devices. This analysis describes the concepts of polymer science, the manufacture of polyurethanes, and the biological responses to implant polyurethanes, reflecting the developments in biomaterials science and the interdisciplinary nature of bioengineering.

Polymeric Materials

Polymeric Materials
Surfaces, Interfaces and Bioapplications

by Marta Fernández-García,Marina P. Arrieta,Alexandra Muñoz-Bonilla,Coro Echeverría,Agueda Sonseca

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-05-28
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 3038979627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book collects the articles published in the Special Issue “Polymeric Materials: Surfaces, Interfaces and Bioapplications”. It shows the advances in polymeric materials, which have tremendous applications in agricultural films, food packaging, dental restoration, antimicrobial systems, and tissue engineering. These polymeric materials are presented as films, coatings, particles, fibers, hydrogels, or networks. The potential to modify and modulate their surfaces or their content by different techniques, such as click chemistry, ozonation, breath figures, wrinkle formation, or electrospray, are also explained, taking into account the relationship between the structure and properties in the final application. Moreover, new trends in the development of such materials are presented, using more environmental friendly and safe methods, which, at the same time, have a high impact on our society.

Plastics Materials and Processes

Plastics Materials and Processes
A Concise Encyclopedia

by Charles A. Harper,Edward M. Petrie

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-10-10
  • Pages : 1008
  • ISBN : 9780471459200
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics Materials and Processes: A Concise Encyclopedia is a resource for anyone with an interest in plastic materials and processes, from seasoned professionals to laypeople. Arranged in alphabetical order, it clearly explains all of the materials and processes as well as their major application areas and usages. Plastics Materials and Processes: A Concise Encyclopedia: Discusses and describes applications and practical uses of the materials and processes. Clear definitions and sufficient depth to satisfy the information seekers needs

Reusable Elastomeric Respirators in Health Care

Reusable Elastomeric Respirators in Health Care
Considerations for Routine and Surge Use

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Use of Elastomeric Respirators in Health Care

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2019-03-15
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 0309485185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Protecting the health and safety of health care workers is vital to the health of each of us. Preparing for and responding to a future influenza pandemic or to a sustained outbreak of an airborne transmissible disease requires a high-level commitment to respiratory protection for health care workers across the wide range of settings in which they work and the jobs that they perform. Keeping health care workers healthy is an ethical commitment both in terms of addressing the occupational risks faced by health care workers and of providing for the continuity of patient care and services needed to maintain the health of individuals and communities. During a public health emergency, challenges will arise concerning the availability of respiratory protective devices (i.e., respirators). Reusable respirators (specifically, reusable half-facepiece elastomeric respirators) are the standard respiratory protection device used in many industries, and they provide an option for use in health care that has to date not been fully explored. The durability and reusability of elastomeric respirators make them desirable for stockpiling for emergencies, where the need for large volumes of respirators can be anticipated. However, they are used infrequently in health care. Reusable Elastomeric Respirators in Health Care explores the potential for the use of elastomeric respirators in the U.S. health care system with a focus on the economic, policy, and implementation challenges and opportunities. This report examines the practicability of elastomeric use in health care on a routine basis and during an influenza pandemic or other large aerosol-transmissible outbreak, when demand for respiratory protective devices by U.S. health care personnel may be larger than domestic supplies. The report also addresses the issues regarding emergency stockpile management of elastomeric respiratory protective devices.

Handbook of Plastics Joining

Handbook of Plastics Joining
A Practical Guide

by Michael J. Troughton

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2008-10-17
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9780815519768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The new edition of this bestselling reference provides fully updated and detailed descriptions of plastics joining processes, plus an extensive compilation of data on joining specific materials. The volume is divided into two main parts: processes and materials. The processing section has 18 chapters, each explaining a different joining technique. The materials section has joining information for 25 generic polymer families. Both sections contain data organized according to the joining methods used for that material. * A significant and extensive update from experts at The Welding Institute * A systematic approach to discussing each joining method including: process, advantages and disadvantages, applications, materials, equipment, joint design, and welding parameters * Includes international suppliers’ directory and glossary of key joining terms * Includes new techniques such as flash free welding and friction stir welding * Covers thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and rubbers.

Sterilisation of Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Sterilisation of Biomaterials and Medical Devices
A Book

by Sophie Lerouge,Anne Simmons

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-09-27
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0857096265
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The effective sterilisation of any material or device to be implanted in or used in close contact with the human body is essential for the elimination of harmful agents such as bacteria. Sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices reviews established and commonly used technologies alongside new and emerging processes. Following an introduction to the key concepts and challenges involved in sterilisation, the sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices using steam and dry heat, ionising radiation and ethylene oxide is reviewed. A range of non-traditional sterilisation techniques, such as hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, ozone and steam formaldehyde, is then discussed together with research in sterilisation and decontamination of surfaces by plasma discharges. Sterilisation techniques for polymers, drug-device products and tissue allografts are then reviewed, together with antimicrobial coatings for ‘self-sterilisation’ and the challenge presented by prions and endotoxins in the sterilisation of reusable medical devices. The book concludes with a discussion of future trends in the sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices. With its distinguished editors and expert team of international contributors, Sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices is an essential reference for all materials scientists, engineers and researchers within the medical devices industry. It also provides a thorough overview for academics and clinicians working in this area. Reviews established and commonly used technologies alongside new and emerging processes Introduces and reviews the key concepts and challenges involved in sterilisation Discusses future trends in the sterilisation of biomaterials and medical devices

Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling

Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling
A Book

by Güneri Akovali,Carlos A. Bernardo,Jacob Leidner,L.A. Utracki,Marino Xanthos

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9401716269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers, main components of plastics and rubbers, are being discarded in increasing quantities. But this waste can also be considered as `plastic gold'. Public concern, coupled with the inherent value of the material, means that recycling is imperative. The present book presents a survey of current knowledge in the form of case studies, including current legal and educational issues. Topics covered also include regulation and practice in NATO countries, the economics of recycling, the reprocessing of single polymers and mixtures, and future prospects and strategies. Audience: Vital reading for all polymer scientists, technicians and engineers.

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels
A Book

by Sutapa Biswas Majee

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-08-24
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 9535125095
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an Up-to-date and authoritative account on physicochemical principles, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications of hydrogels. It consists of eight contributions from different authors highlighting properties and synthesis of hydrogels, their characterization by various instrumental methods of analysis, comprehensive review on stimuli-responsive hydrogels and their diverse applications, and a special section on self-healing hydrogels. Thus, this book will equip academia and industry with adequate basic and applied principles related to hydrogels.

Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites

Natural Fibers, Plastics and Composites
A Book

by Frederick T. Wallenberger,Norman Weston

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-28
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 144199050X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radiation Effects in Materials

Radiation Effects in Materials
A Book

by Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-07-20
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 953512417X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of radiation effects has developed as a major field of materials science from the beginning, approximately 70 years ago. Its rapid development has been driven by two strong influences. The properties of the crystal defects and the materials containing them may then be studied. The types of radiation that can alter structural materials consist of neutrons, ions, electrons, gamma rays or other electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths. All of these forms of radiation have the capability to displace atoms/molecules from their lattice sites, which is the fundamental process that drives the changes in all materials. The effect of irradiation on materials is fixed in the initial event in which an energetic projectile strikes a target. The book is distributed in four sections: Ionic Materials; Biomaterials; Polymeric Materials and Metallic Materials.

Toxicants in Food Packaging and Household Plastics

Toxicants in Food Packaging and Household Plastics
Exposure and Health Risks to Consumers

by Suzanne M. Snedeker

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-08-13
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 1447165004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book serves as a comprehensive resource on toxicants that can be released from food packaging materials and household plastics. Chapters include sources and levels of chemical exposure, known and suspected health effects and the identification of data gaps with recommendations for further research. In addition, regulatory approaches and risk assessment challenges in the United States and Europe are discussed. Chapters cover both the more widely known chemicals that can migrate from food packaging (bisphenol A, perfluorinated chemicals), and household plastics (lead, phthalates, brominated flame retardants), as well as chemicals that are just entering use in food packaging (nanomaterials in polymer food packaging) and chemicals recently identified as migrating from food packaging to food stuffs (phthalates, benzophenones, antimony, methylnaphthalene and the alkylphenols nonylphenol and octylphenol). Chapters on phthalates and brominated flame retardants discuss challenges that arise with the use of replacement chemicals. The health effect sections of chapters have drawn on a wide variety of toxicological endpoints and recommend approaches to better assess toxicological risks in vulnerable human populations. Reflecting the global nature of our food supply and household consumer goods, contributions have been drawn from international experts. A wide range of scientists will find this book to be useful, including toxicologists, environmental health scientists, food scientists, and regulators.

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers
A Book

by Jiri George Drobny

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-05-30
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0323221688
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers, Second Edition presents a comprehensive working knowledge of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), providing an essential introduction for those learning the basics, but also detailed engineering data and best practice guidance for those already involved in polymerization, processing, and part manufacture. TPEs use short, cost-effective production cycles, with reduced energy consumption compared to other polymers, and are used in a range of industries including automotive, medical, construction and many more. This handbook provides all the practical information engineers need to successfully utilize this material group in their products, as well as the required knowledge to thoroughly ground themselves in the fundamental chemistry of TPEs. The data tables included in this book assist engineers and scientists in both selecting and processing the materials for a given product or application. In the second edition of this handbook, all chapters have been reviewed and updated. New polymers and applications have been added — particularly in the growing automotive and medical fields — and changes in chemistry and processing technology are covered. Provides essential knowledge of the chemistry, processing, properties, and applications for both new and established technical professionals in any industry utilizing TPEs Datasheets provide "at-a-glance" processing and technical information for a wide range of commercial TPEs and compounds, saving readers the need to contact suppliers Includes data on additional materials and applications, particularly in automotive and medical industries