Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
A Book

by Duane P. Schultz,Sydney Ellen Schultz

  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 2016-01-01
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1305887506
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Filled with updated research and findings, Schultz and Schultz's THEORIES OF PERSONALITY, 11th Edition gives students a clear and cogent introduction to this dynamic field. Organized by theory, this popular text discusses major theorists who represent psychoanalytic, neopsychoanalytic, lifespan, trait, humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, and social-learning approaches, while demonstrating the influence of events in theorists' personal and professional lives on the development of their theories. The text reviews current work on selected facets of personality including locus of control, sensation seeking, learned helplessness, optimism-pessimism, and positive psychology. The authors also explore the ways in which race, gender, and cultural issues play a part in the study of personality and in personality assessment. The final chapter, Personality in Perspective, integrates topics explored in previous chapters and suggests conclusions that can be drawn from the many theorists' work. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
Understanding Persons

by Susan C. Cloninger

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 9780205873357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Found in this Section: 1. Brief Table of Contents 2. Full Table of Contents 1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction to Personality Theory Part 1: The Psychoanalytic Perspective Chapter 2 Freud: Classical Psychoanalysis Chapter 3 Jung: Analytical Psychology Part II: The Psychoanalytic-Social Perspective Chapter 4 Adler: Individual Psychology Chapter 5 Erikson: Psychosocial Development Chapter 6 Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Part III: The Trait Perspective Chapter 7 Allport: Personological Trait Theory Chapter 8 Two Factor Analytic Trait Theories: Cattell, s 16 Factors and the Big Five Chapter 9 Biological Theories: Evolution, Genetics, and Biological Factor Theories Part IV: The Behavioral Perspective Chapter 10 The Challenge of Behaviorism: Dollard and Miller, Skinner, and Staats Chapter 11 Kelly: Personal Construct Theory Chapter 12 Mischel: Traits in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Chapter 13 Bandura: Performance in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Part V: The Humanistic Perspective Chapter14 Rogers: Person-Centered Theory Chapter 15 Maslow and His Legacy: Need Hierarchy Theory and Positive Psychology Chapter 16 Buddhist Psychology: Lessons From Eastern Culture Chapter 17 Conclusion 2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1: Introduction to Personality Theory Personality: The Study of Individuals Description of Personality Personality Dynamics Personality Development The Scientific Approach Methods in Personality Research One Theory or Many? Eclecticism and the Future of Personality Theory Summary Part 1: The Psychoanalytic Perspective Chapter 2: Freud: Classical Psychoanalysis Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Freud, s Theory The Unconscious Structures of the Personality Intrapsychic Conflict Personality Development Psychoanalytic Treatment Psychoanalysis as a Scientific Theory Summary Chapter 3: Jung: Analytical Psychology Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Jung, s Theory The Structure of Personality Symbolism and the Collective Unconscious Therapy Synchronicity Psychological Types Summary Part II: The Psychoanalytic-Social Perspective Chapter 4: Adler: Individual Psychology Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Adler, s Theory Striving from Inferiority toward Superiority The Unity of Personality The Development of Personality Psychological Health Interventions Based on Adler, s Theory Summary Chapter 5: Erikson: Psychosocial Development Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Erikson, s Theory The Epigenetic Principle The Psychosocial Stages The Role of Culture in Relation to the Psychosocial Stages Racial and Ethnic Identity Research on Development through the Psychosocial Stages Toward a Psychoanalytic Social Psychology Summary Chapter 6: Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Interpersonal Psychoanalysis: Horney Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility Three Interpersonal Orientations Four Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety Secondary Adjustment Techniques Cultural Determinants of Development Therapy Parental Behavior and Personality Development The Relational Approach Within Psychoanalytic Theory The Sense of Self in Relationships Narcissism Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood Therapy Summary Part III: The Trait Perspective Chapter 7: Allport: Personological Trait Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Allport, s Theory Major Themes in Allport, s Work Allport, s Definition of Personality Personality Traits Personality Development Personality and Social Phenomena Eclecticism Summary Chapter 8: Two Factor Analytic Trait Theories: Cattell, s 16 Factors and the Big Five Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Factor Analytic Trait Theories Factor Analysis The 16 Factor Theory: Cattell Personality Measurement and the Prediction of Behavior Because Personality Is Complex: A Multivariate Approach Psychological Adjustment Three Types of Traits Predicting Behavior Determinants of Personality: Heredity and Environment The Role of Theory in Cattell, s Empirical Approach The Big Five Factor Theory Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Conscientiousness Openness A Hierarchical Model Are the Five Factors Universal? Various Measures of the Big Five Factors and Other Personality Constructs Summary Chapter 9: Biological Theories: Evolution, Genetics, and Biological Factor Theories Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Biological Theories Evolutionary Approaches Aggression and Dominance Sexual Behavior Parental Behavior Altruism and Social Emotions Culture Genetics and Personality Temperament Emotional Arousal Cortical Arousal Biological Factor Theories: Eysenck, Gray, and Others Eysenck, s "PEN" Biological Model Gray, s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Cloninger, s Tridimensional Model Biological Mechanisms in Context Summary Part IV: The Behavioral Perspective Chapter 10: The Challenge of Behaviorism: Dollard and Miller, Skinner, and Staats Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Behavioral Theories Psychoanalytic Learning Theory: Dollard and Miller Learning Theory Reconceptualization of Psychoanalytic Concepts Four Fundamental Concepts About Learning The Learning Process The Four Critical Training Periods of Childhood Frustration and Aggression Conflict Language, Neurosis, and Psychotherapy Suppression Radical Behaviorism: Skinner Behavior as the Data for Scientific Study Learning Principles Applications of Behavioral Techniques Radical Behaviorism and Personality: Some Concerns Psychological Behaviorism: Staats Reinforcement Basic Behavioral Repertoires Situations Psychological Adjustment The Nature-Nurture Question from the Perspective of Psychological Behaviorism The Act Frequency Approach to Personality Measurement Contributions of Behaviorism to Personality Theory Summary Chapter 11: Kelly: Personal Construct Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Kelly, s Theory Constructive Alternativism The Process of Construing The Structure of Construct Systems The Social Embeddedness of Construing Efforts The Role Construct Repertory (REP) Test Cognitive Complexity Personality Change Therapy Research Findings Summary Chapter 12: Mischel: Traits in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Mischel, s Theory Delay of Gratification Personality Traits: Mischel, s Challenge The CAPS Model Applications of the CAPS Model of Personality Summary Chapter 13: Bandura: Performance in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Bandura, s Theories Reciprocal Determinism Self-Regulation of Behavior: The Self-System Self-Efficacy Processes Influencing Learning Observational Learning and Modeling Therapy The Person in the Social Environment Summary Part V: The Humanistic Perspective Chapter14: Rogers: Person-Centered Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Rogers, s Theory The Actualizing Tendency The Self Development Therapy Other Applications Criticisms of Rogers, s Theory Summary Chapter 15: Maslow and His Legacy: Need Hierarchy Theory and Positive Psychology Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Maslow, s Theory Need Hierarchy Theory: Maslow Maslow, s Vision of Psychology Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Applications and Implications of Maslow, s Theory Maslow, s Challenge to Traditional Science Self-Determination Theory and Intrinsic Motivation Positive Psychology Positive Subjective Experience Positive Traits Positive Institutions The Promise of Positive Psychology Summary Chapter 16: Buddhist Psychology: Lessons From Eastern Culture Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Buddhist Psychology The Relevance of Buddhism for Personality Psychology A Brief History of Buddhism The Buddhist Worldview: The Four Noble Truths Buddhism and Personality Concepts Spiritual Practices Buddhism and Psychotherapy The Importance of the Dialogue, and Some Cautions Summary Chapter 17: Conclusion Chapter Overview Choosing or Combining Theories Theories as Metaphors Summary.

Jung's Theory of Personality

Jung's Theory of Personality
A Modern Reappraisal

by Clare Crellin

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-05-23
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 1136019529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a re-appraisal of Carl Jung’s work as a personality theorist. It offers a detailed consideration of Jung’s work and theory in order to demystify some of the ideas that psychologists have found most difficult, such as Jung’s religious and alchemical writings. The book shows why these two elements of his theory are integral to his psychology of personality and goes on to propose a framework on which to base a collaborative research programme that could provide much needed and, at present, unavailable validation data for some of Jung’s key theoretical concepts. Divided into two parts, theory and practice, the author begins by emphasising the importance of religion and alchemy for understanding Jung’s key concepts of individuation and the self, as well the link between Jung’s concept of the archetype and its function in the development and transformation of personality. The book considers the whole of Jung’s work as a comprehensive theory of personality to which all strands, including his writings on religion and on alchemy contribute. The second part of the book is both empirical and theoretical. Crellin reviews the history of the presentation of Jung’s work in personality literature and discusses how inaccurate representation, the limitations of existing evaluation criteria, and consequent negative perceptions of Jung’s theory in textbooks of personality psychology have contributed to the creation of a mythical Jung. This book will appeal to both psychological practitioners who are unfamiliar, or only have a vague understanding of Jung’s ideas, as well as Jungian psychoanalysts, who are knowledgeable about Jung’s writings, but whose training may not have addressed the problem of theory evaluation in relation to Jung’s theory.

An Introduction to Theories of Personality

An Introduction to Theories of Personality
7th Edition

by Robert Ewen B,Robert B. Ewen

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2014-01-21
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1317740718
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This 7th Edition helps students unravel the mysteries of human behavior through its highly readable introduction to the ideas of the most significant personality theorists. Engaging biographical sketches begin each chapter, and unique capsule summaries help students review key concepts. Theories come alive through the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and numerous applications such as dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy. Significant changes in the 7th edition include an extended discussion of the practical applications of personality theory, with an emphasis on guidelines that can help people increase their self-knowledge, make better decisions, and live more fulfilling lives. Fictionalized but true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of inadequate self-knowledge include college students, parents, terrorists, business executives, and politicians, while other examples show the positive outcomes that can result from a better understanding of one’s unconscious. This 7th edition also includes a more extensive discussion of how a lack of self-understanding caused difficulties for such noted theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a new section that explains how behavior can be strongly influenced by the situation as well as by one’s personality. Finally, a new interactive web site provides practice test questions and other topics of interest.

A Theory of Personality Development

A Theory of Personality Development
A Book

by Luciano L'Abate,Charles H. Bryson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN : 9780471303039
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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L'Abate's theory is firmly rooted in the social and existential exigencies of everyday life as experienced within the five fundamental contexts of home, work, leisure, the marketplace (grocery shopping, barbershops, malls, etc.), and in transit.

Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
A Book

by Duane Schultz,Sydney Schultz

  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 2004-07-20
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0534624022
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Filled with updated research and findings, the Eighth Edition of Schultz and Schultz's THEORIES OF PERSONALITY gives students a clear and cogent introduction to this dynamic field. Organized by theory, this popular text discusses major theorists who represent psychoanalytic, neopsychoanalytic, life-span, trait, humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, and social-learning approaches, while demonstrating the influence of events in theorists' personal and professional lives on the development of these theories. The book also explores the ways in which race, gender, and cultural issues play a part in the study of personality and in personality assessment, and includes numerous examples, tables, and figures that further enhance students' understanding of the content. The final chapter, Personality in Perspective, integrates topics explored in previous chapters and suggests conclusions that can be drawn from the many theorists' work. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
A Book

by Jess Feist,Gregory Feist

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
  • Release : 2008-07-15
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780073382708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 7th edition of this trusted introduction to personality centers on the premise that personality theories are a reflection of the unique cultural background, family experiences, personalities, and professional training of their originators. The book begins by acquainting students with the meaning of personality and providing them with a solid foundation for understanding the nature of theory, as well as its crucial contributions to science. The chapters that follow present twenty-three major theories: coverage of each theory also encompasses a biographical sketch of each theorist, related research, and applications to real life. The primary focus of this revision was updating the theory chapters to reflect the most recent research.

Dimensions of Personality

Dimensions of Personality
A Book

by Hans J. Eysenck

  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Release : 1950
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9781412821735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the original work on which Hans Eysenck's fifty years of research have been built. It introduced many new ideas about the nature and measurement of personality into the field, related personality to abnormal psychology, and demonstrated the possibility of testing personality theory experimentally. The book is the result of a concentrated and cooperative effort to discover the main dimensions of personality, and to define them operationally, that is, by means of strictly experimental, quantitative procedures. More than three dozen separate researches were carried out on some 10,000 normal and neurotic subjects by a research team of psychologists and psychiatrists. A special feature of this work is the close collaboration between psychologists and psychiatrists. Eysenck believes that the exploration of personality would have reached an advanced state much earlier had such a collaboration been the rule rather than the exception in studies of this kind. Both disciplines benefit by working together on the many problems they have in common. In his new introduction, Eysenck discusses the difficulty he had in conveying this belief to scientists from opposite ends of the psychology spectrum when he first began work on this book. He goes on to explain the basis from which "Dimensions of Personality "developed. Central to any concept of personality, he states, must be hierarchies of traits organized into a dimensional system. The two major dimensions he posited, neuroticism and extraversion, were in disfavor with most scientists of personality at the time. Now they form part of practically all descriptions of personality. "Dimensions of Personality "is a landmark study and should be read by both students and professionals in the fields of psychiatry, psychology, and sociology.

Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
A Book

by Richard M. Ryckman

  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 2012-03-13
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 1111830665
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thoroughly updated to include the latest research available, THEORIES OF PERSONALITY, 10E takes a unique theory by theory approach that carefully guides students through major theories on their way to a comprehensive understanding of personality. Richard Ryckman's student-friendly writing style offers a straightforward presentation of major theories, helping readers more easily distinguish between them. The text begins by providing a framework that defines personality and emphasizes the science of personality--including the interrelation between research and theory. Next it introduces each major theoretical position with an objective overview of the theorist's basic concepts and principles. It concludes by noting the ways in which the different theories stimulate additional research efforts and by presenting five current research trends resulting from the work of these earlier theorists. The result is a text that merges the best of classic and contemporary research to equip students with a solid working knowledge of personality. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
A Book

by Calvin S. Hall,Gardner Lindzey,John B. Campbell

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 740
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the best book on theories ever published. The fourth edition is theory-oriented and has been reorganized into four parts examing theories of psychodynamics, personality structure, growth and perceived reality, and learning. It also includes new chapters on Eysenck, Bandura, Kelly, and social learning theories.

Theories of Personality

Theories of Personality
A Book

by Tomi-Ann Roberts,Gregory Feist,Jess Feist

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education
  • Release : 2012-12-07
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780073532196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 8th edition of Theories of Personality follows in the tradition of the previous versions, by centering on the premise that personality theories are a reflection of the unique cultural background, family experiences, personalities, and professional training of their originators. The book begins by acquainting students with the meaning of personality and providing them with a solid foundation for understanding the nature of theory, as well as its crucial contributions to science. The chapters that follow present twenty-three major theories: coverage of each theory also encompasses a biographical sketch of each theorist, related research, and applications to real life. Changes in the 8th edition included a new chapter 8 on evolutionary personality theory, focusing on the work of David Buss. The Related Research sections in each chapter have also been updated.

Personality Theories

Personality Theories
A Book

by Barbara Engler

  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 2008-08-25
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0547148348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The new Eighth Edition of Personality Theories continues to provide sound and thorough coverage enhanced with solid pedagogy, a critical-thinking focus, and integration of multicultural and gender-related issues throughout the text. Each chapter focuses on one theory or group of theories and includes brief biographies that shed light on how the theories were formed. Engler also provides criteria for evaluating each theory and cites current relevant research. A final chapter on Zen Buddhism covers a major non-Western theory of personality and serves to distinguish this program in the field. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introduction to Theories of Personality

Introduction to Theories of Personality
A Book

by Calvin S. Hall,Gardner Lindzey,John C. Loehlin,Martin Manosevitz

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 1985-03-07
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780471089063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive, clearly written text designed for undergradauate courses in introductory personality. Describes and interprets the major theories of personality. Emphasizes each theory's significance and application. Includes figures, tables, summaries, and boxed inserts featuring biographies and applications of theory to research.

An Introduction to Theories of Personality

An Introduction to Theories of Personality
A Book

by Matthew H. Olson,B. R. Hergenhahn

  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release : 2010-07
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 9780205798780
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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B.R. Hergenhahn appeared as first named author on the previous ed.

Personality Traits

Personality Traits
A Book

by Gerald Matthews,Ian J. Deary,Martha C. Whiteman

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003-12-04
  • Pages : 493
  • ISBN : 9780521538244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Second edition of the bestselling textbook Personality Traits, essential text for students of personality psychology.

A Multiple Self Theory of Personality

A Multiple Self Theory of Personality
A Book

by David Lester

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2010-01-01
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 9781608767830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a new theory of personality. The use of the term "personality" by psychologists is odd since it does not coincide with the dictionary definition of personality. "The state or quality of being a person".

Beneath the Mask

Beneath the Mask
An Introduction to Theories of Personality

by Robert N. Sollod,Christopher F. Monte

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-01-22
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 0471724122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Beneath the Mask presents classical theories of human nature while emphasizing the theorist's progression of ideas. The eighth edition continues to discuss the ideas of personality theorists developmentally. This account of personality theory incorporates the personal origins of ideas to highlight the links between the psychology of each theorist and that theorist's own psychology of persons. It also explores how the personal histories, conflicts, and intentions of the theorist entered that thinker's portrait of people.

Key Ideas in Personality Theory

Key Ideas in Personality Theory
A Book

by James R. Scroggs

  • Publisher : Thomson Learning
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 341
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Personality in Adulthood

Personality in Adulthood
A Five-factor Theory Perspective

by Robert R. McCrae,Paul T. Costa

  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release : 2003-01-01
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9781572308275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This influential work examines how enduring dispositions or traits affect the process of aging and shape each individual's life course. From two well-known authorities in the field, the volume is grounded in a growing body of empirical evidence. Critically reviewing different theories of personality and adult development, the authors explain the logic behind the scientific assessment of personality, present a comprehensive model of trait structure, and examine patterns of trait stability and change after age 30, incorporating data from ongoing cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Written in a clear, jargon-free style, this book is an ideal text for advanced students and a timely reference for researchers and clinicians.

Personality

Personality
Theories, Research, and Applications

by Lewis R. Aiken

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 483
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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