Vying for Allah's Vote

Vying for Allah's Vote
Understanding Islamic Parties, Political Violence, and Extremism in Pakistan

by Haroon K. Ullah

  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Release : 2013-12-17
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1626160155
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What is driving political extremism in Pakistan? In early 2011, the prominent Pakistani politician Salmaan Taseer was assassinated by a member of his own security team for insulting Islam by expressing views in support of the rights of women and religious minorities. Benazir Bhutto, the former prime minister, was killed by gunfire and explosive devices as she left a campaign event in December 2007; strong evidence links members of extremist organizations to her slaying. These murders underscore the fact that religion, politics, and policy are inextricably linked in Pakistan. In this book, Haroon K. Ullah analyzes the origins, ideologies, bases of support, and electoral successes of the largest and most influential Islamic parties in Pakistan. Based on his extensive field work in Pakistan, he develops a new typology for understanding and comparing the discourses put forth by these parties in order to assess what drives them and what separates the moderate from the extreme. A better understanding of the range of parties is critical for knowing how the US and other Western nations can engage states where Islamic political parties hold both political and moral authority. Pakistan’s current democratic transition will hinge on how well Islamic parties contribute to civilian rule, shun violence, and mobilize support for political reform. Ullah’s political-party typology may also shed light on the politics of other majority-Muslim democracies, such as Egypt and Tunisia, where Islamist political parties have recently won elections.

Islam and Politics (3rd edition)

Islam and Politics (3rd edition)
A Book

by Peter Mandaville

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-05-19
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 1351044133
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an accessible and comprehensive account of political Islam in the contemporary world. Providing a broad introduction to all major aspects of the interface of Islam and politics it combines an accessible style with sufficient depth for the academic classroom. Drawing on insights from comparative politics and Islamic studies, this book explains the complex interaction between Islam, society, the state, and processes of globalization. Preserving the previous editions’ strong focus on key concepts from Islamic history as they relate to contemporary political Islam, this new edition includes coverage of important developments and updated country overviews from the Middle East, Central and South Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe and North America. Features include: Two new case studies on Southeast Asia and Europe. Exploration of the origins and development of ISIS, Al-Qaeda and various regional affiliates of the global Salafi-Jihadi movement. Coverage of contemporary debates about radicalization and violent extremism. Examination of questions of Islam’s compatibility with democracy; the role of women; and Islamic perspectives on violence and conflict. Discussion of major theoretical debates in the literature on political Islam, the debate on Islamic exceptionalism and whether Islamist politics can be understood using the conventional tools of comparative political science and International Relations. These updates ensure the book remains the single best introduction to the topic of political Islam for students and scholars, foreign policy professionals and the general reader.

Democratic Transition and Security in Pakistan

Democratic Transition and Security in Pakistan
A Book

by Shaun Gregory

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-10-23
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 1317550102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume examines the trajectory of Pakistan’s democratic transition and the implications of this change for its security. In May 2013, for the first time in its 66-year history, Pakistan saw an elected government complete a full term in office and transfer power through the ballot box to another civilian government. At this important moment in Pakistan’s history, this collection brings together twelve leading academics and writers with an aim to provide a far-reaching analysis of the current situation in Pakistan and emergent trends. Drawing on history, diverse theoretical perspectives, and empirical evidence, three themed sections deal respectively with democratic transition (including Islam and democracy, civil-military relations, and economics), contested borders and contested spaces (the Pashtun belt, Kashmir, and intra-Islamic conflict), and regionalism (bilateral relations from both Pakistani and Indian perspectives, US-Pakistan relations, and nuclear weapons dynamics). Together the contributors explore the status of Pakistan’s democratic transition, contemporary security dynamics, and wider regional security and political dynamics, and the complex interplay of the three, to provide a wide-ranging analysis of Pakistan’s contemporary national and regional challenges, its impact on the region, and evidence of some positive trends for Pakistan’s future. The book will be of much interest to students of South Asian politics, Asian security, governance, and IR in general as well as policy-makers, diplomats, and military professionals.

Sayyid Qutb and the Origins of Radical Islamism

Sayyid Qutb and the Origins of Radical Islamism
A Book

by John Calvert

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2009-11-22
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0199365261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966) was an influential Egyptian ideologue credited with establishing the theoretical basis for radical Islamism in the post colonial Sunni Muslim world. Lacking a pure understanding of the leader's life and work, the popular media has conflated Qutb's moral purpose with the aims of bin Laden and al-Qaeda. He is often portrayed as a terrorist, Islamo-Fascist, and advocate of murder. This book rescues Qutb from misrepresentation, tracing the evolution of his thought within the context of his time. An expert on social protest and political resistance in the modern Middle East, as well as Egyptian nationalism, John Calvert recounts Qutb's life from the small village in which he was raised to his execution at the behest of Abd al-Nasser's regime. His study remains sensitive to the cultural, political, social, and economic circumstances that shaped Qutb's thought-major developments that composed one of the most eventful periods in Egyptian history. These years witnessed the full flush of Britain's tutelary regime, the advent of Egyptian nationalism, and the political hegemony of the Free Officers. Qutb rubbed shoulders with Taha Husayn, Naguib Mahfouz, and Abd al-Nasser himself, though his Islamism originally had little to do with religion. Only in response to his harrowing experience in prison did Qutb come to regard Islam and kufr (infidelity) as oppositional, antithetical, and therefore mutually exclusive. Calvert shows how Qutb repackaged and reformulated the Islamic heritage to pose a challenge to authority, including those who claimed (falsely, he believed) to be Muslim.

Salafism in Lebanon

Salafism in Lebanon
From Apoliticism to Transnational Jihadism

by Robert G. Rabil

  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Release : 2014-09-26
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1626161178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Salafism, comprised of fundamentalist Islamic movements whose adherents consider themselves the only “saved” sect of Islam, has been little studied, remains shrouded in misconceptions, and has provoked new interest as Salafists have recently staked a claim to power in some Arab states while spearheading battles against “infidel” Arab regimes during recent rebellions in the Arab world. Robert G. Rabil examines the emergence and development of Salafism into a prominent religious movement in Lebanon, including the ideological and sociopolitical foundation that led to the three different schools of Salafism in Lebanon: quietist Salafists, Haraki (active) Salafists; and Salafi Jihadists. Emphasizing their manhaj (methodology) toward politics, the author surveys Salafists’ ideological transformation from opponents to supporters of political engagement. Their antagonism to Hezbollah, which they denounce as the party of Satan, has risen exponentially following the party’s seizure of Beirut in 2008 and support of the tyrannical Syrian regime. Salafism in Lebanon also demonstrates how activists and jihadi Salafists, in response to the political weakness of Sunni leadership, have threatened regional and international security by endorsing violence and jihad. Drawing on field research trips, personal interviews, and Arabic primary sources, the book explores the relationship between the ideologies of the various schools of Salafism and their praxis in relation to Lebanese politics. The book should interest students and scholars of Islamic movements, international affairs, politics and religion, and radical groups and terrorism.

Indonesia News Service

Indonesia News Service
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Countering Hate

Countering Hate
A Book

by Bob Pearson,Haroon Ulla

  • Publisher : 1845 Publishing
  • Release : 2018-03-13
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780999662304
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We all start out the same. Whether born in Damascus or Detroit, human beings begin life with similar DNA, common instincts for survival and a basic desire to learn and explore. So why do some young men and women grow up with plans to promote peace and prosperity, while others set out to harm or kill others? Every day we hear of people who try to disrupt our world, often violently. So what, exactly, is happening to our youth? Extremists never stop trying to find the next young recruit. They are smarter, more technically savvy and better-organized than we give them credit for. What are they doing well and what can we learn from these insights? Are we organized the right way to fight extremists? Are we thinking the right way? Are we basing decisions on the most effective models? Pearson and Ullah join as co-authors to provide a mashup of their combined expertise -- years of shaping behavior for the world's top brands with years of countering terrorism. Inspired by classes taught at the U.S. State Department on counterterrorism and dealing with disinformation campaigns, the authors have written a book that is part call to action and part innovation lab for those who want to make a difference. They are joined by a wide range of global leaders who provide their insights related to hate and extremism. The book's goal is to trigger new ideas on how leaders can partner worldwide to make our world a safer and more productive place over the long-term. One team, one world.

Expressions of Radicalization

Expressions of Radicalization
Global Politics, Processes and Practices

by Kristian Steiner,Andreas Önnerfors

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-15
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 3319655663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited collection considers whether it is possible to discern how the level of ideology is affected by radicalization. In other words: what happens in the minds of people before they decide to use political violence as means to attain their goals? Also this book asks: what has to happen in the minds of people in order to preclude them from using political violence as a way of attaining their goals? This volume unites scholars from several disciplines and perspectives from a number of different geographical, social and cultural contexts with the overarching aim to refine our understanding of what ‘radicalization’ actually implies.

The Bargain from the Bazaar

The Bargain from the Bazaar
A Family's Day of Reckoning in Lahore

by Haroon K. Ullah

  • Publisher : PublicAffairs
  • Release : 2014-03-11
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1610391675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Awais Reza is a shopkeeper in Lahore's Anarkali Bazaar—the largest open market in South Asia—whose labyrinthine streets teem with shoppers, rickshaws, and cacophonous music. But Anarkali's exuberant hubbub cannot conceal the fact that Pakistan is a country at the edge of a precipice. In recent years, the easy sociability that had once made up this vibrant community has been replaced with doubt and fear. Old-timers like Awais, who inherited his shop from his father and hopes one day to pass it on to his son, are being shouldered aside by easy money, discount stores, heroin peddlers, and the tyranny of fundamentalists. Every night before Awais goes to bed, he plugs in his cell phone and hopes. He hopes that the city will not be plunged into a blackout, that the night will remain calm, that the following morning will bring affluent and happy customers to his shop and, most of all, that his three sons will safely return home. Each of the boys, though, has a very different vision of their, and Pakistan's, future. The Bargain from the Bazaar—the product of eight years of field research—is an intimate window onto ordinary middle-class lives caught in the maelstrom of a nation falling to pieces. It's an absolutely compelling portrait of a family at risk—from a violently changing world on the outside and a growing terror from within.

Pakistan's Political Parties

Pakistan's Political Parties
Surviving between Dictatorship and Democracy

by Mariam Mufti,Sahar Shafqat,Niloufer Siddiqui

  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Release : 2020-05-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1626167710
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pakistan’s 2018 general elections marked the second successful transfer of power from one elected civilian government to another—a remarkable achievement considering the country’s history of dictatorial rule. Pakistan’s Political Parties examines how the civilian side of the state’s current regime has survived the transition to democracy, providing critical insight into the evolution of political parties in Pakistan and their role in developing democracies in general. Pakistan’s numerous political parties span the ideological spectrum, as well as represent diverse regional, ethnic, and religious constituencies. The essays in this volume explore the way in which these parties both contend and work with Pakistan’s military-bureaucratic establishment to assert and expand their power. Researchers use interviews, surveys, data, and ethnography to illuminate the internal dynamics and motivations of these groups and the mechanisms through which they create policy and influence state and society. Pakistan’s Political Parties is a one-of-a-kind resource for diplomats, policymakers, journalists, and scholars searching for a comprehensive overview of Pakistan’s party system and its unlikely survival against an interventionist military, with insights that extend far beyond the region.

House of Heroin

House of Heroin
Inside the Secret Billion-Dollar Narco-Terror Empire That Is Killing America

by Haroon Ullah

  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Release : 2020-09-15
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0062464019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A disturbing inside look at the Muslim Mafia, the organized crime syndicate that controls global opiate production and trafficking—a story of corruption, terrorism, greed, and human suffering—from a veteran U.S. State Department official and former senior adviser to Secretary of State John Kerry. Today, a powerful crime organization thrives, one that may exert even more influence than the Italian Mafias fabled Five Families. Based primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan, this other Mafia is responsible for the majority of the worlds heroin production and distribution, estimated to be worth thirty to fifty billion dollars annually. In this expansive, eye-opening book, seasoned American diplomat Haroon K. Ullah draws upon his deep personal contacts and professional experience pursuing drug traffickers to examine the global struggle between Western law enforcement and this Muslim drug cartel. He reveals how, for years, the global heroin trade has been controlled by a handful of powerful Pakistani and Afghan families. These drug lords, in collusion with corrupt government officials and a newly resurgent Taliban, partner with a large trafficking and distribution syndicate to move vast quantities of poppy seed pods to processing labs in Afghanistan and Pakistan. These labs then produce the heroin and opium that is shipped to Karachi and distributed to markets in Europe and North America—and on to the streets of cities and small towns, helping to fuel the opioid crisis ravaging millions of lives. The money generated from these drugs pays for the terrorists attacking soldiers and civilians worldwide. Moving from the poppy fields of Helmand Province, Kabul, and Karachi to London and New York, The House of Heroin interweaves facts and insights with numerous powerful stories from Ullah's time in the State Department. The result is a fascinating, informed, and personal narrative of the modern drug trade—from poppy cultivation in the Middle East to small communities across the United States.

Making Important News Interesting

Making Important News Interesting
Reporting Public Affairs in the 21st Century

by Perry Parks

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on the premise that a fresh approach is needed in public affairs journalism, this guide offers real-world examples of reporting and writing that put citizens in the center of public debates, educate them on important issues, and break with convention to give energy to civic news. With dozens of exercises for both the classroom and newsroom, budding journalists get pointers on story selection and ways to use lively writing to engage readers and keep them coming back on a daily basis.

Quran

Quran
English Translation. Clear, Easy to Read, in Modern English.

by Talal Itani

  • Publisher : ClearQuran.com
  • Release : 2014-08-17
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Perhaps the best Quran English translation. It is clear, easy to read, and very faithful to the Arabic original. It closely follows the Arabic text, and often reminds the reader of the Arabic original. It uses today's English language, and today's English vocabulary, thus it is easy to read and understand. The flow is smooth, the sentence structure is simple, the meaning is clear. This Quran translation has no interpretations, no footnotes, and no explanations. It is a pure translation of the Quran, from Arabic to English, and it does not try to emphasize any school of thought. The text purely and accurately translates the Holy Quran, from Arabic, into contemporary English. It was translated by a Muslim, who saw firsthand the miracles inside the Quran. His native language is Arabic; his everyday language is American English. For 15 years, he studied the Quran. For many years, he translated speech between his mother and his wife. For a living, he develops quality software. This Quran translation is available in two editions. This edition (A) uses the word "Allah" to refer to the Creator. Edition (B) uses the word "God". Quran Sura 91. The Sun. ash-Shams. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. 1. By the sun and its radiance. 2. And the moon as it follows it. 3. And the day as it reveals it. 4. And the night as it conceals it. 5. And the sky and He who built it. 6. And the earth and He who spread it. 7. And the soul and He who proportioned it. 8. And inspired it with its wickedness and its righteousness. 9. Successful is he who purifies it. 10. Failing is he who corrupts it. 11. Thamood denied in its pride. 12. When it followed its most wicked. 13. The messenger of Allah said to them, "This is the she-camel of Allah, so let her drink." 14. But they called him a liar, and hamstrung her. So their Lord crushed them for their sin, and leveled it. 15. And He does not fear its sequel. The Quran is the last Book from the Creator. It contains guidance, mercy, and healing. The Quran is a blessing, within reach.

India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad

India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad
The Covert War in Kashmir, 1947-2004

by Praveen Swami

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2006-10-19
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1134137524
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad explores the history of jihadist violence in Kashmir, and argues that the violent conflict which exploded after 1990 was not a historical discontinuity, but, rather, an escalation of what was by then a five-decade old secret war. Praveen Swami addresses three key issues: the history of jihadist violence in Jammu and Kashmir, which is examined as it evolved from 1947-48 onwards the impact of the secret jihad on Indian policy-making on Jammu and Kashmir, and its influence on political life within the state why the jihad in Jammu and Kashmir acquired such intensity in 1990. This new work will be of much interest to students of the India-Pakistan conflict, South Asian politics and security studies in general.

Constitutionalism and the Rule of Law

Constitutionalism and the Rule of Law
Bridging Idealism and Realism

by Maurice Adams,Anne Meuwese,Ernst Hirsch Ballin

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-01-31
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 1107151856
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rule of law and constitutionalist ideals are understood by many, if not most, as necessary to create a just political order. Defying the traditional division between normative and positive theoretical approaches, this book explores how political reality on the one hand, and constitutional ideals on the other, mutually inform and influence each other. Seventeen chapters from leading international scholars cover a diverse range of topics and case studies to test the hypothesis that the best normative theories, including those regarding the role of constitutions, constitutionalism and the rule of law, conceive of the ideal and the real as mutually regulating.

Cascades of Violence

Cascades of Violence
War, Crime and Peacebuilding Across South Asia

by John Braithwaite,Bina D'Costa

  • Publisher : ANU Press
  • Release : 2018-02-01
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN : 1760461903
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As in the cascading of water, violence and nonviolence can cascade down from commanding heights of power (as in waterfalls), up from powerless peripheries, and can undulate to spread horizontally (flowing from one space to another). As with containing water, conflict cannot be contained without asking crucial questions about which variables might cause it to cascade from the top-down, bottom up and from the middle-out. The book shows how violence cascades from state to state. Empirical research has shown that nations with a neighbor at war are more likely to have a civil war themselves (Sambanis 2001). More importantly in the analysis of this book, war cascades from hot spot to hot spot within and between states (Autesserre 2010, 2014). The key to understanding cascades of hot spots is in the interaction between local and macro cleavages and alliances (Kalyvas 2006). The analysis exposes the folly of asking single-level policy questions like do the benefits and costs of a regime change in Iraq justify an invasion? We must also ask what other violence might cascade from an invasion of Iraq? The cascades concept is widespread in the physical and biological sciences with cascades in geology, particle physics and the globalization of contagion. The past two decades has seen prominent and powerful applications of the cascades idea to the social sciences (Sunstein 1997; Gladwell 2000; Sikkink 2011). In his discussion of ethnic violence, James Rosenau (1990) stressed that the image of turbulence developed by mathematicians and physicists could provide an important basis for understanding the idea of bifurcation and related ideas of complexity, chaos, and turbulence in complex systems. He classified the bifurcated systems in contemporary world politics as the multicentric system and the statecentric system. Each of these affects the others in multiple ways, at multiple levels, and in ways that make events enormously hard to predict (Rosenau 1990, 2006). He replaced the idea of events with cascades to describe the event structures that 'gather momentum, stall, reverse course, and resume anew as their repercussions spread among whole systems and subsystems' (1990: 299). Through a detailed analysis of case studies in South Asia, that built on John Braithwaite's twenty-five year project Peacebuilding Compared, and coding of conflicts in different parts of the globe, we expand Rosenau's concept of global turbulence and images of cascades. In the cascades of violence in South Asia, we demonstrate how micro-events such as localized riots, land-grabbing, pervasive militarization and attempts to assassinate political leaders are linked to large scale macro-events of global politics. We argue in order to prevent future conflicts there is a need to understand the relationships between history, structures and agency; interest, values and politics; global and local factors and alliances.

The Indonesian Quarterly

The Indonesian Quarterly
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Power and Political Culture in Suharto's Indonesia

Power and Political Culture in Suharto's Indonesia
The Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) and the Decline of the New Order (1986-98)

by Stefan Eklof

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2004-06-02
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1135303681
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the mid-1990s, the formerly pliant Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) was transformed into an active opposition party by Megawati Sukarnoputri (now President of Indonesia). The subsequent backlash from the Suharto regime ultimately led to its downfall.

Human Rights and Democratic Development in Pakistan

Human Rights and Democratic Development in Pakistan
A Book

by Hina Jilani

  • Publisher : Lahore : Human Rights Commission of Pakistan
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Politics of Islamism

The Politics of Islamism
Diverging Visions and Trajectories

by John L. Esposito,Lily Zubaidah Rahim,Naser Ghobadzadeh

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-09
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 3319622560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a nuanced and muti-layered approach towards comprehending the possibilities of democratization or likelihood of authoritarian resilience in the Muslim world. The volume highlights the complex diversity within Islamist movements and parties— characterised by internal tensions, struggles and contestations. The very existence of this diversity within and among Islamist movements, and their general willingness to partake in mainstream politics, signals an important transformation in the Muslim world over recent decades. It demonstrates that the Muslim world has gravitated from the simplistic focus on the compatibility or incompatibility of Islam and democracy. Islamist movements and parties embody the multiple manifestations and trajectories within political Islam. The granular case-studies and theological analyses in this volume draw attention to the policy refinements, socio-political reforms and ideological transformations engendered by Muslim intellectuals and Islamist movements and ideologues. The diverse political landscape in the Muslim world is inextricably linked to the socio-political and theological shifts within Islamism—in particular, the yearning for greater social, economic and political justice, a yearning that lies at the core of an inclusive wasatiyyah Islam.