Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources

Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources
Techniques for Reservoir Engineering Analysis

by Reza Barati,Mustafa M. Alhubail

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-12-10
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 1119420326
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive textbook presenting techniques for the analysis and characterization of shale plays Significant reserves of hydrocarbons cannot be extracted using conventional methods. Improvements in techniques such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing have increased access to unconventional hydrocarbon resources, ushering in the “shale boom” and disrupting the energy sector. Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources: Techniques for Reservoir Engineering Analysis covers the geochemistry, petrophysics, geomechanics, and economics of unconventional shale oil plays. The text uses a step-by-step approach to demonstrate industry-standard workflows for calculating resource volume and optimizing the extraction process. Volume highlights include: Methods for rock and fluid characterization of unconventional shale plays A workflow for analyzing wells with stimulated reservoir volume regions An unconventional approach to understanding of fluid flow through porous media A comprehensive summary of discoveries of massive shale resources worldwide Data from Eagle Ford, Woodford, Wolfcamp, and The Bakken shale plays Examples, homework assignments, projects, and access to supplementary online resources Hands-on teaching materials for use in petroleum engineering software applications The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Unconventional Reservoir Rate-Transient Analysis

Unconventional Reservoir Rate-Transient Analysis
A Book

by Christopher R. Clarkson

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2021-06-25
  • Pages : 1140
  • ISBN : 0323901174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unconventional Reservoir Rate-Transient Analysis: Volume One, Fundamentals, Analysis Methods and Workflow provides a comprehensive review of RTA methods, helping petroleum engineers and geoscientists understand how to confidently apply RTA to tight reservoirs exhibiting single-phase flow of oil and gas. The book provides practitioners with an overview of the basic concepts used in RTA, including flow-regime identification and application of straight-line analysis, type-curve analysis, and model history-matching approaches that are applicable to low-complexity, tight reservoirs exhibiting single-phase flow of oil and gas. Workflow steps are discussed and illustrated in detail for hydraulically fractured vertical wells and multi-fractured horizontal wells. Supported by many real-world field examples, this comprehensive resource supplies today’s petroleum engineers and geoscientists with an overview of RTA methods as applied to tight reservoirs. A companion text, Unconventional Reservoir Rate-Transient Analysis: Volume Two, Application to Complex Reservoirs, Exploration and Development bridges a critical knowledge gap to help practicing petroleum engineers and geoscientists understand how RTA methods can be adopted and applied to today’s unconventional reservoirs. Reviews key concepts and analysis methods used in modern rate-transient analysis (RTA) as applied to low-permeability ("tight") oil and gas reservoirs Provides a workflow for confident derivation of reservoir/hydraulic fracture properties and hydrocarbon-in-place estimates for wells completed in unconventional reservoirs Includes detailed discussions and illustrations of each step of the workflow using field examples

Unconventional Reservoirs: Rate and Pressure Transient Analysis Techniques

Unconventional Reservoirs: Rate and Pressure Transient Analysis Techniques
A Reservoir Engineering Approach

by Amin Taghavinejad,Mehdi Ostadhassan,Reza Daneshfar

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-09-13
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN : 3030828379
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a succinct overview on the application of rate and pressure transient analysis in unconventional petroleum reservoirs. It begins by introducing unconventional reservoirs, including production challenges, and continues to explore the potential benefits of rate and pressure analysis methods. Rate transient analysis (RTA) and pressure transient analysis (PTA) are techniques for evaluating petroleum reservoir properties such as permeability, original hydrocarbon in-place, and hydrocarbon recovery using dynamic data. The brief introduces, describes and classifies both techniques, focusing on the application to shale and tight reservoirs. Authors have used illustrations, schematic views, and mathematical formulations and code programs to clearly explain application of RTA and PTA in complex petroleum systems. This brief is of an interest to academics, reservoir engineers and graduate students.

Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources

Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources
Techniques for Reservoir Engineering Analysis

by Reza Barati,Mustafa M. Alhubail

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-11-05
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 1119420679
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive textbook presenting techniques for the analysis and characterization of shale plays Significant reserves of hydrocarbons cannot be extracted using conventional methods. Improvements in techniques such as horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing have increased access to unconventional hydrocarbon resources, ushering in the “shale boom” and disrupting the energy sector. Unconventional Hydrocarbon Resources: Techniques for Reservoir Engineering Analysis covers the geochemistry, petrophysics, geomechanics, and economics of unconventional shale oil plays. The text uses a step-by-step approach to demonstrate industry-standard workflows for calculating resource volume and optimizing the extraction process. Volume highlights include: Methods for rock and fluid characterization of unconventional shale plays A workflow for analyzing wells with stimulated reservoir volume regions An unconventional approach to understanding of fluid flow through porous media A comprehensive summary of discoveries of massive shale resources worldwide Data from Eagle Ford, Woodford, Wolfcamp, and The Bakken shale plays Examples, homework assignments, projects, and access to supplementary online resources Hands-on teaching materials for use in petroleum engineering software applications The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

Fundamentals of Enhanced Oil Recovery Methods for Unconventional Oil Reservoirs

Fundamentals of Enhanced Oil Recovery Methods for Unconventional Oil Reservoirs
A Book

by Dheiaa Alfarge,Mingzhen Wei,Baojun Bai

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-18
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 0128183446
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Enhanced Oil Recovery Methods for Unconventional Oil Reservoirs, Volume 67 provides important guidance on which EOR methods work in shale and tight oil reservoirs. This book helps readers learn the main fluid and rock properties of shale and tight reservoirs—which are the main target for EOR techniques—and understand the physical and chemical mechanisms for the injected EOR fluids to enhance oil recovery in shale and tight oil reservoirs. The book explains the effects of complex hydraulic fractures and natural fractures on the performance of each EOR technique. The book describes the parameters affecting obtained oil recovery by injecting different EOR methods in both the microscopic and macroscopic levels of ULR. This book also provides proxy models to associate the functionality of the improved oil recovery by injecting different EOR methods with different operating parameters, rock, and fluid properties. The book provides profesasionals working in the petroleum industry the know-how to conduct a successful project for different EOR methods in shale plays, while it also helps academics and students in understanding the basics and principles that make the performance of EOR methods so different in conventional reservoirs and unconventional formations. Provides a general workflow for how to conduct a successful project for different EOR methods in these shale plays Provides general guidelines for how to select the best EOR method according to the reservoir characteristics and wells stimulation criteria Explains the basics and principles that make the performance of EOR methods so different in conventional reservoirs versus unconventional formations

Unconventional Gas Reservoirs

Unconventional Gas Reservoirs
Evaluation, Appraisal, and Development

by M. Rafiqul Islam

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2014-10-24
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9780128003909
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural gas, especially unconventional gas, has an increasingly important role in meeting the world's energy needs. Experts estimate that it has the potential to add anywhere from 60-250% to the global proven gas reserve in the next two decades. To maintain pace with increasing global demand, Unconventional Gas Reservoirs provides the necessary bridge into the newer processes, approaches and designs to help identify these more uncommon reservoirs available and how to maximize its unconventional potential. Loaded with reservoir development and characterization strategies, this book will show you how to: Recognize the challenges and opportunities surrounding unconventional gas reservoirs Distinguish among the various types of unconventional reservoirs, such as shale gas, coalbed methane, and tight gas formations Drill down and quantify the reservoir's economic potential and other critical considerations Gain practical insights and tools to efficiently identify, appraise, and develop unconventional gas reservoirs Understand various techniques used to analyze reservoir parameters and performance as well as how they were applied to numerous real-world case studies Upgrade to the latest information on perspectives and insights with discussion of key differences used for today's unconventional gas characterization versus original conventional methods that failed in the past

Unconventional Gas Reservoirs

Unconventional Gas Reservoirs
A Book

by M. Islam

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural gas, especially unconventional gas, has an increasingly important role in meeting the world's energy needs. Experts estimate that it has the potential to add anywhere from 60-250% to the global proven gas reserve in the next two decades. To maintain pace with increasing global demand, Unconventional Gas Reservoirs provides the necessary bridge into the newer processes, approaches and designs to help identify these more uncommon reservoirs available and how to maximize its unconventional potential. Loaded with reservoir development and characterization strategies, this book will show you how to: Recognize the challenges and opportunities surrounding unconventional gas reservoirs Distinguish among the various types of unconventional reservoirs, such as shale gas, coalbed methane, and tight gas formations Drill down and quantify the reservoir's economic potential and other critical considerations Gain practical insights and tools to efficiently identify, appraise, and develop unconventional gas reservoirs Understand various techniques used to analyze reservoir parameters and performance as well as how they were applied to numerous real-world case studies Upgrade to the latest information on perspectives and insights with discussion of key differences used for today's unconventional gas characterization versus original conventional methods that failed in the past.

Fundamentals of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery from Conventional and Unconventional Reservoirs

Fundamentals of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery from Conventional and Unconventional Reservoirs
A Book

by Alireza Bahadori

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2018-08-18
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0128130288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Enhanced Oil and Gas Recovery from Conventional and Unconventional Reservoirs delivers the proper foundation on all types of currently utilized and upcoming enhanced oil recovery, including methods used in emerging unconventional reservoirs. Going beyond traditional secondary methods, this reference includes advanced water-based EOR methods which are becoming more popular due to CO2 injection methods used in EOR and methods specific to target shale oil and gas activity. Rounding out with a chapter devoted to optimizing the application and economy of EOR methods, the book brings reservoir and petroleum engineers up-to-speed on the latest studies to apply. Enhanced oil recovery continues to grow in technology, and with ongoing unconventional reservoir activity underway, enhanced oil recovery methods of many kinds will continue to gain in studies and scientific advancements. Reservoir engineers currently have multiple outlets to gain knowledge and are in need of one product go-to reference. Explains enhanced oil recovery methods, focusing specifically on those used for unconventional reservoirs Includes real-world case studies and examples to further illustrate points Creates a practical and theoretical foundation with multiple contributors from various backgrounds Includes a full range of the latest and future methods for enhanced oil recovery, including chemical, waterflooding, CO2 injection and thermal

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Handbook

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Handbook
Evaluation and Development

by Y Zee Ma,Stephen Holditch,Jean-Jacques Royer

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2015-10-01
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 9780128022382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Handbook: Evaluation and Development is a must-have, helpful handbook that brings a wealth of information to engineers and geoscientists. Bridging between subsurface and production, the handbook provides engineers and geoscientists with effective methodology to better define resources and reservoirs. Better reservoir knowledge and innovative technologies are making unconventional resources economically possible, and multidisciplinary approaches in evaluating these resources are critical to successful development. Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources Handbook takes this approach, covering a wide range of topics for developing these resources including exploration, evaluation, drilling, completion, and production. Topics include theory, methodology, and case histories and will help to improve the understanding,integrated evaluation, and effective development of unconventional resources. Presents methods for a full development cycle of unconventional resources, from exploration through production Explores multidisciplinary integrations for evaluation and development of unconventional resources and covers a broad range of reservoir characterization methods and development scenarios Delivers balanced information with multiple contributors from both academia and industry Provides case histories involving geological analysis, geomechanical analysis, reservoir modeling, hydraulic fracturing treatment, microseismic monitoring, well performance and refracturing for development of unconventional reservoirs

Flow and Transport Properties of Unconventional Reservoirs 2018

Flow and Transport Properties of Unconventional Reservoirs 2018
A Book

by Jianchao Cai,Zhien Zhang,Qinjun Kang,Harpreet Singh

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-07-23
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 3039211161
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unconventional reservoirs are usually complex and highly heterogeneous, such as shale, coal, and tight sandstone reservoirs. The strong physical and chemical interactions between fluids and pore surfaces lead to the inapplicability of conventional approaches for characterizing fluid flow in these low-porosity and ultralow-permeability reservoir systems. Therefore, new theories and techniques are urgently needed to characterize petrophysical properties, fluid transport, and their relationships at multiple scales for improving production efficiency from unconventional reservoirs. This book presents fundamental innovations gathered from 21 recent works on novel applications of new techniques and theories in unconventional reservoirs, covering the fields of petrophysical characterization, hydraulic fracturing, fluid transport physics, enhanced oil recovery, and geothermal energy. Clearly, the research covered in this book is helpful to understand and master the latest techniques and theories for unconventional reservoirs, which have important practical significance for the economic and effective development of unconventional oil and gas resources.

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
Exploitation and Development

by Usman Ahmed,D. Nathan Meehan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-05
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN : 1498759416
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As the shale revolution continues in North America, unconventional resource markets are emerging on every continent. In the next eight to ten years, more than 100,000 wells and one- to two-million hydraulic fracturing stages could be executed, resulting in close to one trillion dollars in industry spending. This growth has prompted professionals experienced in conventional oil and gas exploitation and development to acquire practical knowledge of the unconventional realm. Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources: Exploitation and Development provides a comprehensive understanding of the latest advances in the exploitation and development of unconventional resources. With an emphasis on shale, this book: Addresses all aspects of the exploitation and development process, from data mining and accounting to drilling, completion, stimulation, production, and environmental issues Offers in-depth coverage of sub-surface measurements (geological, geophysical, petrophysical, geochemical, and geomechanical) and their interpretation Discusses the use of microseismic, fiber optic, and tracer reservoir monitoring technologies and JewelSuiteTM reservoir modeling software Presents the viewpoints of internationally respected experts and researchers from leading exploration and production (E&P) companies and academic institutions Explores future trends in reservoir technologies for unconventional resources development Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources: Exploitation and Development aids geologists, geophysicists, petrophysicists, geomechanic specialists, and drilling, completion, stimulation, production, and reservoir engineers in the environmentally safe exploitation and development of unconventional resources like shale.

Predicting Decline in Unconventional Reservoirs Using Analytical and Empirical Methods

Predicting Decline in Unconventional Reservoirs Using Analytical and Empirical Methods
A Book

by Frederik Van Cauter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Assisted History Matching for Unconventional Reservoirs

Assisted History Matching for Unconventional Reservoirs
A Book

by Sutthaporn Tripoppoom,Wei Yu,Kamy Sepehrnoori,Jijun Miao

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2021-08-05
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0128222433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As unconventional reservoir activity grows in demand, reservoir engineers relying on history matching are challenged with this time-consuming task in order to characterize hydraulic fracture and reservoir properties, which are expensive and difficult to obtain. Assisted History Matching for Unconventional Reservoirs delivers a critical tool for today’s engineers proposing an Assisted History Matching (AHM) workflow. The AHM workflow has benefits of quantifying uncertainty without bias or being trapped in any local minima and this reference helps the engineer integrate an efficient and non-intrusive model for fractures that work with any commercial simulator. Additional benefits include various applications of field case studies such as the Marcellus shale play and visuals on the advantages and disadvantages of alternative models. Rounding out with additional references for deeper learning, Assisted History Matching for Unconventional Reservoirs gives reservoir engineers a holistic view on how to model today’s fractures and unconventional reservoirs. Provides understanding on simulations for hydraulic fractures, natural fractures, and shale reservoirs using embedded discrete fracture model (EDFM) Reviews automatic and assisted history matching algorithms including visuals on advantages and limitations of each model Captures data on uncertainties of fractures and reservoir properties for better probabilistic production forecasting and well placement

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers

Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers
Chapter 9. Geophysics for Unconventional Resources

by Fred Aminzadeh,Shivaji N. Dasgupta

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-12-09
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0128076852
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geophysical methods are being applied that are specifically relevant to the exploration of and production from unconventional reservoirs. While many of the techniques have common applications for both conventional and unconventional reservoirs, there are also some significant differences in focus. Much of the unconventional reservoirs are from shale formations. Characterizing of fracture system in such reservoirs is of prime importance not only to identify the “sweet spots” for well placement but also for optimum drilling and production from such fractured reservoirs. Combining conventional and microearthquake seismic data has proven to improve the characterization process. Another factor for drilling through shale reservoirs is the need for stimulation through hydraulic fracturing. Use of microseismic data for monitoring the frac process has gained prominence in recent years. Different types of design to acquire such geophysical data and to utilize them for multistage fracking process as well as their integration with the conventional seismic data have been developed.

Unconventional Resources in India: The Way Ahead

Unconventional Resources in India: The Way Ahead
A Book

by Shivanjali Sharma,Amit Saxena,Neha Saxena

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-16
  • Pages : 82
  • ISBN : 3030214141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses unconventional hydrocarbon resources in India and the prospects for their exploitation. Each chapter focuses on a particular unconventional resource, including gas hydrates, coal bed methane and shale, while the book as a whole takes into account the government’s projections concerning these resources. The book provides readers with essential information on the nation’s energy requirements, methods of exploiting its available unconventional resources, and their contribution to meeting India’s energy requirements. It also addresses the various geological conditions that are necessary for the exploration of these resources, and enables readers to understand the challenges that need to be overcome. Its logical, clearly structured chapters make the book an ideal starting point for readers interested in unconventional energy resources. It will especially benefit undergraduate and graduate students in the field of Energy Engineering, as well as academic researchers and industry professionals seeking an overview of the status quo of unconventional hydrocarbon resources in India.

Improved Reservoir Models and Production Forecasting Techniques for Multi-Stage Fractured Hydrocarbon Wells

Improved Reservoir Models and Production Forecasting Techniques for Multi-Stage Fractured Hydrocarbon Wells
A Book

by Ruud Weijermars,Wei Yu,Aadi Khanal

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-12-12
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 3039218921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The massive increase in energy demand and the related rapid development of unconventional reservoirs has opened up exciting new energy supply opportunities along with new, seemingly intractable engineering and research challenges. The energy industry has primarily depended on a heuristic approach—rather than a systematic approach—to optimize and tackle the various challenges when developing new and improving the performance of existing unconventional reservoirs. Industry needs accurate estimations of well production performance and of the cumulative estimated ultimate reserves, accounting for uncertainty. This Special Issue presents 10 original and high-quality research articles related to the modeling of unconventional reservoirs, which showcase advanced methods for fractured reservoir simulation, and improved production forecasting techniques.

Analytical Investigation of Unconventional Reservoir Performance During Early-transient Multi-phase Flow Conditions

Analytical Investigation of Unconventional Reservoir Performance During Early-transient Multi-phase Flow Conditions
A Book

by Miao Zhang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unconventional gas resources accounted for more than 50% of total U.S. gas production in 2012 and its contribution is expected to increase to 75% by 2040 (EIA, 2015). In these unconventional gas reservoirs, reservoir and fluid characteristics can be significantly different from those in conventional resources, rendering traditional production data analysis methods inadequate. Those effects include long-time transient periods due to ultra-low permeability, pressure-dependent permeability and exemplified large capillary pressure. Development of reliable analysis methods to successfully capture these complex effects demands the formulation of new solutions to the governing flow equations which consider these complex nonlinearities. It is the interest of this study to develop more rigorous performance models for these types of systems derived from fundamental governing flow equations. This study presents a series of novel and rigorous semi-analytical solutions to the governing partial differential equations applicable to single-phase gas and multiphase flow in unconventional reservoirs. Focusing on early-transient periods, the proposed semi-analytical method utilizes similarity theory to transform the system of nonlinear PDEs to ordinary differential form, which is later solved via shooting method coupled Runge-Kutta numerical integration. The work starts with early-transient single-phase gas flow in linear and radial flow regimes under constant pressure and rate production conditions, followed by its direct extension to multiphase flow system using the black-oil fluid formulation. The application of the proposed multiphase flow solution to actual productionhighlighting producing gas-oil-ratio predictionis also discussed. Additionally, the proposed semi-analytical solution is proven capable of solving the multiphase flow equations under fully compositional fluid formulation. In the last chapter, capillary pressure effectsa multiphase flow effect widely recognized to be significant in unconventional system due to nano-scale pore sizeis studied using the proposed semi-analytical method. Besides studying capillary pressure as an additional pressure drop on fluid flow, the effect of capillary pressure on phase behavior and properties is also analyzed. All the results in this work are validated by matching with finely-gridded commercial numerical simulator.

Unconventional Reservoir Geomechanics

Unconventional Reservoir Geomechanics
A Book

by Mark D. Zoback,Arjun H. Kohli

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-04-30
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1107087074
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive overview of the key geologic, geomechanical and engineering principles that govern the development of unconventional oil and gas reservoirs. Covering hydrocarbon-bearing formations, horizontal drilling, reservoir seismology and environmental impacts, this is an invaluable resource for geologists, geophysicists and reservoir engineers.

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs
A Book

by Jianchao Cai,Xiangyun Hu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-01-24
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0128172894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs presents a comprehensive look at these new methods and technologies for the petrophysical characterization of unconventional reservoirs, including recent theoretical advances and modeling on fluids transport in unconventional reservoirs. The book is a valuable tool for geoscientists and engineers working in academia and industry. Many novel technologies and approaches, including petrophysics, multi-scale modelling, rock reconstruction and upscaling approaches are discussed, along with the challenge of the development of unconventional reservoirs and the mechanism of multi-phase/multi-scale flow and transport in these structures. Includes both practical and theoretical research for the characterization of unconventional reservoirs Covers the basic approaches and mechanisms for enhanced recovery techniques in unconventional reservoirs Presents the latest research in the fluid transport processes in unconventional reservoirs

Development of Unconventional Reservoirs

Development of Unconventional Reservoirs
A Book

by Reza Rezaee

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-04-16
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 3039285807
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The need for energy is increasing and but the production from conventional reservoirs is declining quickly. This requires an economically and technically feasible source of energy for the coming years. Among some alternative future energy solutions, the most reasonable source is from unconventional reservoirs. As the name “unconventional” implies, different and challenging approaches are required to characterize and develop these resources. This Special Issue covers some of the technical challenges for developing unconventional energy sources from shale gas/oil, tight gas sand, and coalbed methane.