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Bourgeois Equality

Bourgeois Equality
How Ideas, Not Capital Or Institutions, Enriched the World

by Deirdre N. McCloskey

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2017-10-13
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 022652793X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The last 200 years have witnessed a 100-fold leap in well-being. Deirdre McCloskey argues that most people today are stunningly better off than their forbearers were in 1800, and that the rest of humanity will soon be. A purely materialist, incentivist view of economic change does not explain this leap. We have now the third in McCloskey's three-volume opus about how bourgeois values transformed Europe. Volume 3 nails the case for that transfiguration, telling us how aristocratic virtues of hierarchy were replaced by bourgeois virtues (more precisely, by attitudes toward virtues) that made it possible for ordinary folk with novel ideas to change the way people, farmed, manufactured, traveled, ruled themselves, and fought. It is a dramatic story, and joins a dramatic debate opened up by Thomas Piketty in his best-selling Capital in the 21st Century. McCloskey insists that economists are far too preoccupied by capital and saving, arguing against the position (of Piketty and most others) that capital induces a tendency to get more, that money reproduces itself, that riches are created from riches. Not so, our intrepid McCloskey shows. Bill Gates and Steve Jobs, among the biggest wealth accumulators in our era, didn't get rich through the magic of compound interest on capital. They got rich through intellectual property, creating billions of dollars from virtually nothing. Capital was no more important an ingredient to the original Apple or Microsoft than cookies or cucumbers. The debate is between those who think riches are created from riches versus those who, with McCloskey, think riches are created from rags, between those who see profits as a generous return on capital, or profits coming from innovation that ultimately benefits us all.

Democratic Equality

Democratic Equality
What Went Wrong?

by Ed Broadbent

  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Release : 2001-01-01
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9780802083326
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Are the world's oldest democracies failing? In this extraordinary collection, top scholars in political science, sociology, philosophy and economics, discuss a radical shift towards inequality in an age of mass capital globalization.

Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union

Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union
Reconciling Diversity and Harmonization

by Richard Lang

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2018-07-19
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 9004354263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Complex equality and the Court of Justice of the European Union: Reconciling Diversity and Harmonization, Richard Lang proposes that the EU’s judges adopt Walzerian Complex Equality as a complement to their existing, and unsatisfactory, test for equality based on Aristotle.

The Permanence of the Political

The Permanence of the Political
A Democratic Critique of the Radical Impulse to Transcend Politics

by Joseph M. Schwartz

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 1995-11-13
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781400821778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Why have radical political theorists, whose thinking inspired mass movements for democracy, been so suspicious of political plurality? According to Joseph Schwartz, their doubts were involved with an effort to transcend politics. Mistakenly equating all social difference with the harmful way in which particular interests dominated marketplace societies, radical thinkers sought a comprehensive set of "true human interests" that would completely abolish political strife. In extensive analyses of Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, and Arendt, Schwartz seeks to mediate the radical critique of democratic capitalist societies with the concern for pluralism evidenced in both liberal and postmodern thought. He thus escapes the authoritarian potential of the radical position, while appropriating its more democratic implications. In Schwartz's view, a reconstructed radical democratic theory of politics must sustain liberalism's defense of individual rights and social pluralism, while redressing the liberal failure to question structural inequalities. In proposing such a theory, he criticizes communitarianism for its premodern longing for a monolithic, virtuous society, and challenges the "politics of difference" for its failure to question the undemocratic terrain of power on which "difference" is constructed. In conclusion, he maintains that an equitable distribution of power and resources among social groups necessitates not the transcendence of politics but its democratic expansion.

Democracy and Revolution

Democracy and Revolution
A Book

by V. I. Lenin

  • Publisher : Resistance Books
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9781876646004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Equality

Equality
Multidisciplinary Perspectives

by François Levrau,Noel Clycq

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-19
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 3030543102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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‘Equality’ as an ideal has a long history, and while some progress has obviously been made, the persistence of certain inequalities is remarkable. In order to draw a detailed picture of equality’s nature, value, relevance, and scope, this book provides a multidisciplinary analysis. Using a classic three part framework, the book looks at the macro level (broader systemic, historical, conceptual, societal and European level), the meso level (concrete social institutions such as the labour market and the welfare state) and the micro level of the individuals and their relations and thoughts about equality (psychological reactions, cultural depictions and sociological analyses). The chapters not only provide an overview of the state of equality, but also identify promising areas of future research, and will be of interest to students and scholars across a number of fields including European studies, history, law, political philosophy, psychology, sociology and economics.

Pluralism and Equality

Pluralism and Equality
Values in Indian Society and Politics

by Imtiaz Ahmad,Partha S Ghosh,Helmut Reifeld

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications India
  • Release : 2000-11-02
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 8132119908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the end of the Cold War, interest in the core-values of state, pluralism, secularism and equality have intensified. This important volume examines these principal values in the differing historical and socio-cultural contexts of Europe and India, emphasising their fundamental role in democratic governance, and highlighting the wide variations in both their meaning and content in different cultures. Comprising contributions from distinguished scholars, this volume constitutes a lucid and cogent analysis of recent shifts in public policies and political polemics on the meaning and content of various core-values.

The Two Narratives of Political Economy

The Two Narratives of Political Economy
A Book

by Nicholas Capaldi,Gordon Lloyd

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-01-06
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 1118011686
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Captures the 17th-19th century origins and developments ofpolitical economy by editing original texts and illuminatingtheir relevance for today's political debate Political economy from the 17th century to the present can be captured in two narratives originating with Locke and Rousseau. Those original narratives were expanded in significant ways in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the editors argue that they still hold sway today. Edited original writings included in the anthology are from: Locke, Rousseau, Adam Smith, Tocqueville, Mill, Marx, Proudhon, Owen, the Federalist Papers, the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, and the American Constitution. The editors have restricted their comments to the extensive introductions thereby allowing the original participants to speak for themselves. The readings included are intended to be instructive with respect to the origin and development of the two narratives rather than an exhaustive account of how thinkers and writers on economics advance the discipline of economics as a social science. Reviews "The editors provide a compelling collection to critically frame the clash of Political Economy which shapes modern democracies. Their selections and introductions expertly paint a picture of the contending schools to suggest how enduring these core challenges remain. By placing these writers within this great debate, the authors guide students to discover the essential questions of liberty, equality, and the proper role of the state at the core of the American economic debate." —Roberta Q. Herzberg, Utah State University Political Science "The real service performed by Capaldi and Lloyd is to provide generous excerpts from supporters of both narratives so that the reader can determine for themselves who best makes their case. I recommend this volume highly both to the individual interested in learning about the intellectual and political history of political economy and to the professor in search of a one-volume anthology on political economy for use in a course on economic thought." —Steven D. Ealy, Senior Fellow, Liberty Fund, Inc.

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics

Encyclopedia of Government and Politics
A Book

by M. E. Hawkesworth,Maurice Kogan

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 1483
  • ISBN : 9780415276238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the second edition of the "Encyclopedia of Government and Politics", which has been fully revised and updated to provide a systematic account of politics and political studies at the beginning of the new millennium. Offering a penetrating analysis of government and politics at a global, regional and nation-state level, the encyclopaedia assesses both traditional and contemporary approaches and projects the paths of future research. The articles provide a degree of critical analysis beyond a simple descriptive outline of the subject. Internationally respected contributors have been selected to present contending approaches to related topics, both to clarify the political implications of the various methodologies and to enrich the portrayal of political life. With its expanded, revised and updated coverage, the encyclopaedia is a useful tool for students, teachers, professional analysts and policy makers.

Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles, But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon

Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles, But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon
A Book

by Bob Avakian

  • Publisher : Insight Press, Inc
  • Release : 2014-04-16
  • Pages : 131
  • ISBN : 0983266107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book makes the case for why humanity needs a communist revolution and deeply explores the means for actually bringing about such a liberating revolution. In this two-part work (“Part 1—Revolution and the State” and “Part 2—Building the Movement for Revolution”), Bob Avakian examines the contradictory dynamics of historical development in human society—and the possible pathways of change—and discusses the scientific methods and means for realizing the “Impossible Dream” of a viable and radically different world, one where humanity can soar beyond social relations characterized by domination, exploitation, and oppression. In a style that has been described as totally outrageous and eminently reasonable, Avakian punctures conventional thinking on a number of diverse themes (for example, the theory of “social contract,” notions of “human nature,” and today's “revolting culture”). In a penetrating critique, capitalism and the philosophies of the bourgeois epoch are sharply contrasted with the basic vision, principles, and approach of a new liberating society, including how this would be reflected in a constitution radically different than the current U.S. Constitution. Birds Cannot Give Birth to Crocodiles, But Humanity Can Soar Beyond the Horizon embodies the new synthesis of communism which Bob Avakian has been developing over the course of the past several decades, and provides new insights into the dynamics of social change and the strategy for revolution.

Five Stars

Five Stars
The Communication Secrets to Get from Good to Great

by Carmine Gallo

  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Release : 2018-06-05
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1250183472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“As technology threatens to displace countless jobs and skills, the ability to communicate is becoming more important than ever. This book is full of examples to help you get better at transporting your thoughts and emotions into the minds of other people.” —Adam Grant, New York Times bestselling author of Give and Take, Originals, and Option B with Sheryl Sandberg How to master the art of persuasion—from the bestselling author of Talk Like TED. Ideas don’t sell themselves. As the forces of globalization, automation, and artificial intelligence combine to disrupt every field, having a good idea isn’t good enough. Mastering the ancient art of persuasion is the key to standing out, getting ahead, and achieving greatness in the modern world. Communication is no longer a “soft” skill—it is the human edge that will make you unstoppable, irresistible, and irreplaceable—earning you that perfect rating, that fifth star. In Five Stars, Carmine Gallo, bestselling author of Talk Like TED, breaks down how to apply Aristotle’s formula of persuasion to inspire contemporary audiences. As the nature of work changes, and technology carries things across the globe in a moment, communication skills become more valuable—not less. Gallo interviews neuroscientists, economists, historians, billionaires, and business leaders of companies like Google, Nike, and Airbnb to show first-hand how they use their words to captivate your imagination and ignite your dreams. In the knowledge age—the information economy—you are only as valuable as your ideas. Five Stars is a book to help you bridge the gap between mediocrity and exceptionality, and gain your competitive edge in the age of automation. In Five Stars, you will also learn: -The one skill billionaire Warren Buffett says will raise your value by 50 percent. -Why your job might fall into a category where 75 percent or more of your income relies on your ability to sell your idea. -How Airbnb’s founders follow a classic 3-part formula shared by successful Hollywood movies. -Why you should speak in third-grade language to persuade adult listeners. -The one brain hack Steve Jobs, Leonardo da Vinci, and Picasso used to unlock their best ideas.

Liberal Bourgeois Protestantism

Liberal Bourgeois Protestantism
The Metaphysics of Globalization

by Paul Mocombe

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2012-06-07
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN : 9004216766
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work analyzes the Protestant metaphysical origins and basis underlying the sociological process of globalization. Specifically, it outlines the different conceptions of globalization in the sociological literature, and then examines the nature of identity and identity politics in the age of globalization. The work concludes by drawing a connection between the nature of identity politics and the globalizing process.

Why Liberalism Works

Why Liberalism Works
How True Liberal Values Produce a Freer, More Equal, Prosperous World for All

by Deirdre Nansen McCloskey

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2019-10-15
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0300244819
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An insightful and passionately written book explaining why a return to Enlightenment ideals is good for the world The greatest challenges facing humankind, according to Deirdre McCloskey, are poverty and tyranny, both of which hold people back. Arguing for a return to true liberal values, this engaging and accessible book develops, defends, and demonstrates how embracing the ideas first espoused by eighteenth-century philosophers like Locke, Smith, Voltaire, and Wollstonecraft is good for everyone. With her trademark wit and deep understanding, McCloskey shows how the adoption of Enlightenment ideals of liberalism has propelled the freedom and prosperity that define the quality of a full life. In her view, liberalism leads to equality, but equality does not necessarily lead to liberalism. Liberalism is an optimistic philosophy that depends on the power of rhetoric rather than coercion, and on ethics, free speech, and facts in order to thrive.

Social Democracy in the Making

Social Democracy in the Making
A Book

by Gary Dorrien

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2019-04-23
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN : 0300236026
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An expansive and ambitious intellectual history of democratic socialism from one of the world's leading intellectual historians and social ethicists The fallout from twenty years of neoliberal economic globalism has sparked a surge of interest in the old idea of democratic socialism--a democracy in which the people control the economy and government, no group dominates any other, and every citizen is free, equal, and included. With a focus on the intertwined legacies of Christian socialism and Social Democratic politics in Britain and Germany, this book traces the story of democratic socialism from its birth in the nineteenth century through the mid-1960s. Examining the tenets on which the movement was founded and how it adapted to different cultural, religious, and economic contexts from its beginnings through the social and political traumas of the twentieth century, Gary Dorrien reminds us that Christian socialism paved the way for all liberation theologies that make the struggles of oppressed peoples the subject of redemption. He argues for a decentralized economic democracy and anti-imperial internationalism.

The Public and the Private

The Public and the Private
Issues of Democratic Citizenship

by Gurpreet Mahajan,Helmut Reifeld

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications India
  • Release : 2003-08-05
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 8132103734
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bringing together original essays by distinguished scholars from diverse disciplines, this volume constitutes an important contribution to the private-public debate. It does not set out to provide conclusive answers but raises pertinent questions, explores their implications, and looks to promote a global process of dialogue. The contributors highlight the manner in which the public and the private actually reinforce one another and collectively impact democracy.

Daily Report

Daily Report
People's Republic of China

by United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Revolutionary Democracy

Revolutionary Democracy
Emancipation in Classical Marxism

by Soma Marik

  • Publisher : Haymarket Books
  • Release : 2018-03-09
  • Pages : 537
  • ISBN : 1608467309
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this wide-ranging and insightful work, Soma Marik defends the legacy of the Bolshevik Revolution, arguing against many of its detractors that the early communist regime was centrally concerned with both the liberation of women and the expansion of democracy. Soma Marik teaches Women's Studies and History at Jadavpur University.

Crowds and Party

Crowds and Party
A Book

by Jodi Dean

  • Publisher : Verso Books
  • Release : 2016-02-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1781687668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How do mass protests become an organized activist collective? Crowds and Party channels the energies of the riotous crowds who took to the streets in the past five years into an argument for the political party. Rejecting the emphasis on individuals and multitudes, Jodi Dean argues that we need to rethink the collective subject of politics. When crowds appear in spaces unauthorized by capital and the state—such as in the Occupy movement in New York, London and across the world—they create a gap of possibility. But too many on the Left remain stuck in this beautiful moment of promise—they argue for more of the same, further fragmenting issues and identities, rehearsing the last thirty years of left-wing defeat. In Crowds and Party, Dean argues that previous discussions of the party have missed its affective dimensions, the way it operates as a knot of unconscious processes and binds people together. Dean shows how we can see the party as an organization that can reinvigorate political practice.

Status of Voluntary Teachers' Associations in Cities of 100,000 Population Or More

Status of Voluntary Teachers' Associations in Cities of 100,000 Population Or More
A Book

by M. David Hoffman

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1931
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex, Needs and Queer Culture

Sex, Needs and Queer Culture
From Liberation to the Postgay

by Doctor David Alderson

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-15
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 1783605146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The belief of many in the early sexual liberation movements was that capitalism's investment in the norms of the heterosexual family meant that any challenge to them was invariably anti-capitalist. In recent years, however, lesbian and gay subcultures have become increasingly mainstream and commercialized - as seen, for example, in corporate backing for pride events - while the initial radicalism of sexual liberation has given way to relatively conservative goals over marriage and adoption rights. Meanwhile, queer theory has critiqued this 'homonormativity', or assimilation, as if some act of betrayal had occurred. In Sex, Needs and Queer Culture, David Alderson seeks to account for these shifts in both queer movements and the wider society, and argues powerfully for a distinctive theoretical framework. Through a critical reassessment of the work of Herbert Marcuse, as well as the cultural theorists Raymond Williams and Alan Sinfield, Alderson asks whether capitalism is progressive for queers, evaluates the distinctive radicalism of the counterculture as it has mutated into queer, and distinguishes between avant-garde protest and subcultural development. In doing so, the book offers new directions for thinking about sexuality and its relations to the broader project of human liberation.