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Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites

Brittle Fracture and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites
Statistical-Probabilistic Approaches

by Jacques Lamon

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-03-16
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 008101161X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flaws are the principal source of fracture in many materials, whether brittle or ductile, whether nearly homogeneous or composite. They are introduced during either fabrication or surface preparation or during exposure to aggressive environments (e. g. oxidation, shocks). The critical flaws act as stress concentrators and initiate cracks that propagate instantaneously to failure in the absence of crack arrest phenomena as encountered in brittle materials. This book explores those brittle materials susceptible to crack arrest and the flaws which initiate crack induced damage. A detailed description of microstructural features covering numerous brittle materials, including ceramics, glass, concrete, metals, polymers and ceramic fibers to help you develop your knowledge of material fracture. Brittle Failure and Damage of Brittle Materials and Composites outlines the technological progress in this field and the need for reliable systems with high performances to help you advance the development of new structural materials, creating advantages of low density, high resistance to elevated temperatures and aggressive environments, and good mechanical properties. The effects of flaw populations on fracture strength The main statistical-probabilistic approaches to brittle fracture The use of these methods for predictions of failure and effects induced by flaw populations The application of these methods to component design The methods of estimation of statistical parameters that define flaw strength distributions The extension of these approaches to damage and failure of continuous fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites

Fracture and Damage in Quasibrittle Structures

Fracture and Damage in Quasibrittle Structures
Experiment, modeling and computation

by Z.P. Bazant,Z. Bittnar,M. Jirasek,J. Mazars

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-01-14
  • Pages : 646
  • ISBN : 9780203223758
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding of failure of quasibrittle materials is of paramount importance in many engineering fields. This subject has become a broad and important field of considerable mathematical complexity, with many competing models and unsolved problems. Attention in this volume focuses on concrete, rock, masonry, toughened ceramics, ice and other quasibrittle materials characterized by the development of large zones of cracking or other microstructural damage, and its localization into major fractures.

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Cementitious Composites

Application of Fracture Mechanics to Cementitious Composites
A Book

by S.P. Shah

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN : 9400951213
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result, mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete, and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. It is, thus, not surprising that attempts are being made to apply the concepts of fracture mechanics to quantify the resistance to cracking in cementious composites. The field of fracture mechanics originated in the 1920's with A. A. Griffith's work on fracture of brittle materials such as glass. Its most significant applications, however, have been for controlling brittle fracture and fatigue failure of metallic structures such as pressure vessels, airplanes, ships and pipe lines. Considerable development has occurred in the last twenty years in modifying Griffith's ideas or in proposing new concepts to account for the ductility typical of metals. As a result of these efforts, standard testing techniques have been available to obtain fracture parameters for metals, and design based on these parameters are included in relevant specifications. Many attempts have been made, in the last two decades or so, to apply the fracture mechanics concepts to cement, mortar, con crete and reinforced concrete. So far, these attempts have not led to a unique set of material parameters which can quantify the resistance of these cementitious composites to fracture. No standard testing methods and a generally accepted theoretical analysis are established for concrete as they are for metals.

Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials

Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials
A Book

by Jiann-Wen Woody Ju,J.-L. Chaboche,George Z. Voyiadjis

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1998-03-04
  • Pages : 545
  • ISBN : 9780080530239
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains thirty peer-reviewed papers that are based on the presentations made at the symposium on "Damage Mechanics in Engineering Materials" on the occasion of the Joint ASME/ASCE/SES Mechanics Conference (McNU97), held in Evanston, Illinois, June 28-July 2, 1997. The key area of discussion was on the constitutive modeling of damage mechanics in engineering materials encompassing the following topics: macromechanics/micromechanical constitutive modeling, experimental procedures, numerical modeling, inelastic behavior, interfaces, damage, fracture, failure, computational methods. The book is divided into six parts: Study of damage mechanics. Localization and damage. Damage in brittle materials. Damage in metals and metal matrix composites. Computational aspects of damage models. Damage in polymers and elastomers.

Fracture and Fatigue

Fracture and Fatigue
Composite Materials

by Lawrence J. Broutman

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-06-15
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 1483216713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composite Materials, Volume 5: Fracture and Fatigue covers the concepts, theories, and experiments on fracture and fatigue behavior of composite materials. The book discusses the fracture of particulate composites, including metal, polymer, and ceramic matrices; relates micromechanics effects to composite strength; and summarizes the various theories relating constituent properties and microstructure to fracture. The text also describes differing theories regarding the strength and fracture of composites; and the theory and experiment relating to time-dependent fracture covering both long-term as well as dynamic fracture. The fatigue of both polymer- and metal-matrix composites and the factors influencing the toughness of both brittle and ductile matrix composites are also considered. Design engineers, materials scientist, materials engineers, and metallurgists will find the book useful.

Fracture and Damage Mechanics V

Fracture and Damage Mechanics V
A Book

by Ferri M.H. Aliabadi,Qing Fen Li,Li Li,Friedrich G. Buchholz

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2006-11-15
  • Pages : 1400
  • ISBN : 3038130648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This book, which comprises contributions from researchers in 20 countries, was designed to be a forum within which to promote and exchange the latest experimental and theoretical research work on structural integrity, durability and failure analysis; with the emphasis being placed on fracture and damage mechanics.

Fatigue and Fracture

Fatigue and Fracture
Understanding the Basics

by F. C. Campbell

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 685
  • ISBN : 1615039767
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book emphasizes the physical and practical aspects of fatigue and fracture. It covers mechanical properties of materials, differences between ductile and brittle fractures, fracture mechanics, the basics of fatigue, structural joints, high temperature failures, wear, environmentally-induced failures, and steps in the failure analysis process."--publishers website.

Fracture of Brittle Disordered Materials: Concrete, Rock and Ceramics

Fracture of Brittle Disordered Materials: Concrete, Rock and Ceramics
A Book

by G. Baker,B.L. Karihaloo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-01-14
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0203223454
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book derives from the invited IUTAM Symposium in September 1993. The contributions discuss recent advances in fracture mechanics studies of concrete, rock, ceramics and other brittle disordered materials at micro and structural levels. It draws together research and new applications in continuum, damage and fracture mechanics approaches.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Index

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi-Brittle Materials
A Book

by S.P. Shah

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 9401133883
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A variety of ceramic materials has been recently shown to exhibit nonlinear stress strain behavior. These materials include transformation-toughened zirconia which undergoes a stress-induced crystallographic transformation in the vicinity of a propagating crack, microcracking ceramics, and ceramic-fiber reinforced ceramic matrices. Since many of these materials are under consideration for structural applications, understanding fracture in these quasi-brittle materials is essential. Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. Crack propagation in concrete is characterized by a fracture process zone, microcracking, and aggregate bridging. Such phenomena give concrete toughening mechanisms, and as a result, the macroscopic response of concrete can be characterized as that of a quasi-brittle material. To design super high performance cement composites, it is essential to understand the complex fracture processes in concrete. A wide range of concern in design involves fracture in rock masses and rock structures. For example, prediction of the extension or initiation of fracture is important in: 1) the design of caverns (such as underground nuclear waste isolation) subjected to earthquake shaking or explosions, 2) the production of geothermal and petroleum energy, and 3) predicting and monitoring earthquakes. Depending upon the grain size and mineralogical composition, rock may also exhibit characteristics of quasi-brittle materials.

Advances in Failure Mechanisms in Brittle Materials

Advances in Failure Mechanisms in Brittle Materials
Presented at the 1996 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, November 17-22, 1996, Atlanta, Georgia

by R. J. Clifton,Horacio D. Espinosa

  • Publisher : Amer Society of Mechanical
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 189
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 13 papers provide theoretical, computational, and experimental perspectives on the initiation and growth of micro- cracks in the high strength materials and composites that are increasingly used in structures and machine components. Among the materials they consider are polymeric composites, rei

Fracture Mechanics Applied to Brittle Materials

Fracture Mechanics Applied to Brittle Materials
A Book

by S. W. Freiman

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 1979-01-01
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics

Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics
A Book

by Richard Carl Bradt

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1983-08-31
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 9780306410222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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STAR

STAR
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1963
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics IX

Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics IX
A Book

by Akihide Saimoto,Ferri M.H.Aliabadi

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2010-11-11
  • Pages : 1010
  • ISBN : 3038134872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This special collection covers the latest theoretical, computational and experimental research on fracture and damage mechanics, as well as on structural integrity and durability.

Engineered Materials Abstracts

Engineered Materials Abstracts
EMA.

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995-04
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Theory of Materials Failure

The Theory of Materials Failure
A Book

by Richard M. Christensen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 0199662118
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A complete and comprehensive theory of failure is developed for homogeneous and isotropic materials. The full range of materials types are covered from very ductile metals to extremely brittle glasses and minerals. Two failure properties suffice to predict the general failure conditions under all states of stress. With this foundation to build upon, many other aspects of failure are also treated, such as extensions to anisotropic fiber composites, cumulative damage, creep and fatigue, and microscale and nanoscale approaches to failure.

Fracture Resistance Testing of Monolithic and Composite Brittle Materials

Fracture Resistance Testing of Monolithic and Composite Brittle Materials
A Book

by Jonathan A. Salem,George D. Quinn,Michael G. Jenkins

  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN : 9780803128804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From a November 2000 symposium in Orlando, Florida, 14 papers review the new standards promulgated by American, European, and Japanese professional associations for testing fracture toughness, slow crack growth, and biaxial strength in brittle ceramics. They address a variety of topics regarding imp

Composites Industry Abstracts

Composites Industry Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Engineering Damage Mechanics

Engineering Damage Mechanics
Ductile, Creep, Fatigue and Brittle Failures

by Jean Lemaitre,Rodrigue Desmorat

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-01-16
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9783540272939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reflecting his major contributions to the field, Jean Lemaitre’s "Engineering Damage Mechanics" presents simplified and advanced methods organized within a unified framework for designers of any mechanical component. Explains how to apply continuous damage mechanics to failures of mechanical and civil engineering components in ductile, creep, fatigue and brittle conditions. Incorporates many basic examples, while emphasizing key practical considerations such as material parameter identification, and provides perspective on the advantage and disadvantages of various approaches.