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Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems

Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems
A Book

by Wu-Chi Feng

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-08-26
  • Pages : 133
  • ISBN : 0585314039
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many emerging technologies such as video conferencing, video-on-demand, and digital libraries require the efficient delivery of compressed video streams. For applications that require the delivery of compressed stored multimedia streams, the a priori knowledge available about these compressed streams can aid in the allocation of server and network resources. By using a client-side buffer, the resource requirements from the server and network can be minimized. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems presents a comprehensive description of buffering techniques for the delivery of compressed, prerecorded multimedia data. While these techniques can be applied to any compressed data streams, this book focusses primarily on the delivery of video streams because of the large resource requirements that they can consume. The book first describes buffering techniques for the continuous playback of stored video sources. In particular, several bandwidth smoothing (or buffering) algorithms that are provably optimal under certain conditions are presented. To provide a well-rounded discussion, the book then describes extensions that aid in the ability to provide interactive delivery of video across networks. Specifically, reservation techniques that take into account interactive functions such as fast-forward and rewind are described. In addition, extensions to the bandwidth smoothing algorithms presented in the first few chapters are described. These algorithms are designed with interactive, continuous playback of stored video in mind and are also provably optimal under certain constraints. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems serves as an excellent resource for multimedia systems, networking and video-on-demand designers, and may be used as a text for advanced courses on the topic.

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance
A Book

by Bryan Saunders,Lars R. McNaughton,Jason Siegler

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-05-18
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889667782
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents, Salts, Emulsifiers, Thickening Agents, Stabilizers, Flavouring Agents, Food Colours, Sweetening Agents, and Miscellaneous Food Additives

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents, Salts, Emulsifiers, Thickening Agents, Stabilizers, Flavouring Agents, Food Colours, Sweetening Agents, and Miscellaneous Food Additives
A Book

by Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives,Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9789251012390
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soil Analysis

Soil Analysis
An Interpretation Manual

by Kenneth Ian Peverill,L. A. Sparrow,Douglas J. Reuter

  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release : 1999-01-01
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN : 0643063765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual is a practical guide to soil tests. It considers what soil tests are, when they can be used reliably and consistently, and discusses what limits their application. It is the first nationally accepted publication that is appropriate for Australian soils and conditions. The first three chapters review the general principles and concepts of soil testing, factors affecting soil test interpretation and soil sampling and handling procedures. The next two chapters describe morphological indicators of soil and include colour plates of major Australian agricultural soils. These are followed by a series of chapters which present soil test calibration data for individual elements or a related group of tests such as the range of soil tests used to interpret soil acidity. Each of these chapters also summarises the reactions of the particular element or parameter in the soil and describes the tests commonly used in Australia. The final chapter presents a structured approach to nutrient management and making fertiliser recommendations using soil test data. The manual will be of particular interest to soil and environmental scientists, farm advisers, consultants and primary producers who will find the manual an essential reference to understanding and interpreting soil test data. Many of the soil tests evaluated in the book are used throughout the world. Soil Analysis: An Interpretation Manual was commissioned and developed by the Australian Soil and Plant Analysis Council (ASPAC). It comprises the work of 37 experts, which has been extensively peer reviewed.

Trauma

Trauma
Critical Care

by William C. Wilson,Christopher M. Grande,David B. Hoyt

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-02-05
  • Pages : 1384
  • ISBN : 1420016849
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Compiled by internationally recognized experts in trauma critical care,this sourcediscusses the entire gamut of critical care management of the trauma patient and covers several common complications and conditions treated in surgical intensive care units that are not specifically related to trauma. Utilizing evidence-based guidelines where they ex

Computer Graphics Through OpenGL

Computer Graphics Through OpenGL
From Theory to Experiments

by Sumanta Guha

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-08-06
  • Pages : 951
  • ISBN : 1482258404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From geometric primitives to animation to 3D modeling to lighting, shading, and texturing, Computer Graphics Through OpenGL®: From Theory to Experiments, Second Edition presents a comprehensive introduction to computer graphics that uses an active learning style to teach key concepts. Equally emphasizing theory and practice, the book provides an understanding not only of the principles of 3D computer graphics, but also the use of the OpenGL® Application Programming Interface (API) to code 3D scenes and animation, including games and movies. The undergraduate core of the book is a one-semester sequence taking the student from zero knowledge of computer graphics to a mastery of the fundamental concepts with the ability to code applications using fourth-generation OpenGL. The remaining chapters explore more advanced topics, including the structure of curves and surfaces and the application of projective spaces and transformations. New to the Second Edition 30 more programs, 50 more experiments, and 50 more exercises Two new chapters on OpenGL 4.3 shaders and the programmable pipeline Coverage of: Vertex buffer and array objects Occlusion culling and queries and conditional rendering Texture matrices Multitexturing and texture combining Multisampling Point sprites Image and pixel manipulation Pixel buffer objects Shadow mapping Web Resource The book’s website at www.sumantaguha.com provides program source code that runs on various platforms. It includes a guide to installing OpenGL and executing the programs, special software to help run the experiments, and figures from the book. The site also contains an instructor’s manual with solutions to 100 problems (for qualifying instructors only).

GIS

GIS
The Geographic Language of Our Age

by Knut Grinderud

  • Publisher : Tapir Academic Press
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9788251924269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today, few texts offer a comprehensive overview of geographic information systems (GIS). The literature common in academic circles is highly technical and pays little attention to the role GIS plays as a tool in the planning and shaping of society and the world around us. The contributors to this book feel strongly about the potential inherent in the concepts and methodologies that make up a GIS. Similarly, the contributors are aware of the limitations of the uniformly technical and structural approach that dominates discussions about GIS in many professional circles. This book is a guide and an educational, easy-to-understand journey that introduces the concepts and methodologies that lie behind today's GIS. It makes GIS both more familiar and more relevant to a far broader section of the professional circles which plan, organize, and shape our surroundings.

Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils

Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils
Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation

by James A. Jacobs,Jay H. Lehr,Stephen M. Testa

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-04-28
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0470487860
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides the tools needed to analyze and solve acid drainage problems Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and analytical methods. Moreover, readers will discover new approaches for recovering valuable resources from acid mine drainage, including bioleaching. Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils reviews the most current findings in the field, offering new insights into the underlying causes as well as new tools to minimize the harm of acid drainage: Part I: Causes of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils focuses on the biogeochemistry of acid drainage in different environments. Part II: Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils covers stream characterization, aquatic and biological sampling, evaluation of aquatic resources, and some unusual aspects of sulfide oxidation. Part III: Prediction and Prevention of Acid Drainage discusses acid-base accounting, kinetic testing, block modeling, petrology, and mineralogy studies. It also explains relevant policy and regulations. Part IV: Remediation of Acid Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils examines both passive and active cleanup methods to remediate acid drainage. Case studies from a variety of geologic settings highlight various approaches to analyzing and solving acid drainage problems. Replete with helpful appendices and an extensive list of web resources, Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils is recommended for mining engineers and scientists, regulatory officials, environmental scientists, land developers, and students.

Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology

Handbook of Cosmetic Science and Technology
A Book

by André O. Barel,Marc Paye,Howard I. Maibach

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-04-09
  • Pages : 725
  • ISBN : 1842145657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by experienced and internationally renowned contributors, this is the fourth edition of what has become the standard reference for cosmetic scientists and dermatologists seeking the latest innovations and technology for the formulation, design, testing, use, and production of cosmetic products for skin, hair, and nails. New to this fourth e

Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment

Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment
A Book

by W. Richard Stevens,Stephen A. Rago

  • Publisher : Addison-Wesley
  • Release : 2013-06-10
  • Pages : 1024
  • ISBN : 032163800X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For more than twenty years, serious C programmers have relied on one book for practical, in-depth knowledge of the programming interfaces that drive the UNIX and Linux kernels: W. Richard Stevens’ Advanced Programming in the UNIX® Environment . Now, once again, Rich’s colleague Steve Rago has thoroughly updated this classic work. The new third edition supports today’s leading platforms, reflects new technical advances and best practices, and aligns with Version 4 of the Single UNIX Specification. Steve carefully retains the spirit and approach that have made this book so valuable. Building on Rich’s pioneering work, he begins with files, directories, and processes, carefully laying the groundwork for more advanced techniques, such as signal handling and terminal I/O. He also thoroughly covers threads and multithreaded programming, and socket-based IPC. This edition covers more than seventy new interfaces, including POSIX asynchronous I/O, spin locks, barriers, and POSIX semaphores. Most obsolete interfaces have been removed, except for a few that are ubiquitous. Nearly all examples have been tested on four modern platforms: Solaris 10, Mac OS X version 10.6.8 (Darwin 10.8.0), FreeBSD 8.0, and Ubuntu version 12.04 (based on Linux 3.2). As in previous editions, you’ll learn through examples, including more than ten thousand lines of downloadable, ISO C source code. More than four hundred system calls and functions are demonstrated with concise, complete programs that clearly illustrate their usage, arguments, and return values. To tie together what you’ve learned, the book presents several chapter-length case studies, each reflecting contemporary environments. Advanced Programming in the UNIX® Environment has helped generations of programmers write code with exceptional power, performance, and reliability. Now updated for today’s systems, this third edition will be even more valuable.

Contemporary Leadership Behavior

Contemporary Leadership Behavior
Selected Readings

by Eleanor C. Hein,M. Jean Nicholson

  • Publisher : Scott Foresman & Company
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 471
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Network Simulator NS2

Introduction to Network Simulator NS2
A Book

by Teerawat Issariyakul,Ekram Hossain

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-12-10
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0387717609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Introduction to Network Simulator NS2 is a beginners’ guide for network simulator NS2, an open-source discrete event simulator designed mainly for networking research. NS2 has been widely accepted as a reliable simulation tool for computer communication networks both in academia and industry. This book will present two fundamental NS2 concepts:i) how objects (e.g., nodes, links, queues, etc.) are assembled to create a network and ii) how a packet flows from one object to another. Based on these concepts, this book will demonstrate through examples how new modules can be incorporated into NS2. The book will: -Give an overview on simulation and communication networks. -Provide general information (e.g., installation, key features, etc.) about NS2. -Demonstrate how to set up a simple network simulation scenario using Tcl scripting lanuage. -Explain how C++ and OTcl (Object oriented Tcl) are linked, and constitute NS2. -Show how Ns2 interprets a Tcl Script and executes it. -Suggest post simulation processing approaches and identify their pros and cons. -Present a number of NS2 extension examples. -Discuss how to incorporate MATLAB into NS2.

Biochemistry and Oral Biology

Biochemistry and Oral Biology
A Book

by A. S. Cole,J. E. Eastoe

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2014-06-28
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 1483183718
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biochemistry and Oral Biology presents a unique exposition of biochemistry suitable for dental students. It discusses the structural basis of metabolism and the general principles of nutrition. It addresses the soft tissues, hard tissues, and the biology of the mouth. Some of the topics covered in the book are the free radical production; scope of biochemistry; characteristics of atoms; structure and properties of water; molecular building materials; ionization of proteins; affinity chromatography of proteins; structural organization of globular proteins; classification of enzymes; and biochemically important sugar derivatives. The naturally occurring fatty acids are fully covered. The nucleic acid components are discussed in detail. The text describes in depth the energy equivalents of different nutrients. The physiological effects of dietary fiber vitamin D deficiency are completely presented. A chapter is devoted to the alternative methods of fluoride administration and description of vitamins. The book can provide useful information to dental students, and researchers.

Computer Animation

Computer Animation
Algorithms and Techniques

by Rick Parent

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012-10-18
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN : 0124159737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Driven by demand from the entertainment industry for better and more realistic animation, technology continues to evolve and improve. The algorithms and techniques behind this technology are the foundation of this comprehensive book, which is written to teach you the fundamentals of animation programming. In this third edition, the most current techniques are covered along with the theory and high-level computation that have earned the book a reputation as the best technically-oriented animation resource. Key topics such as fluids, hair, and crowd animation have been expanded, and extensive new coverage of clothes and cloth has been added. New material on simulation provides a more diverse look at this important area and more example animations and chapter projects and exercises are included. Additionally, spline coverage has been expanded and new video compression and formats (e.g., iTunes) are covered. Includes companion site with contemporary animation examples drawn from research and entertainment, sample animations, and example code Describes the key mathematical and algorithmic foundations of animation that provide you with a deep understanding and control of technique Expanded and new coverage of key topics including: fluids and clouds, cloth and clothes, hair, and crowd animation Explains the algorithms used for path following, hierarchical kinematic modelling, rigid body dynamics, flocking behaviour, particle systems, collision detection, and more

The C++ Standard Library

The C++ Standard Library
A Tutorial and Reference

by Nicolai M. Josuttis

  • Publisher : Addison-Wesley Professional
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 1099
  • ISBN : 0321623215
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A proven best-seller, updated for the new standard: still the most practical C++ Standard Library tutorial and most complete reference * *Thoroughly documents each library component incorporated in the brand-new C++ standard. *Clearly explains complex concepts, and presents the practical detail programmers need to use the Standard Library effectively. *Contains many examples of working code, all available for download at an accompanying website. The C++ Standard Library, 2/e, doesn't just provide comprehensive documentation of every library component associated with the newest C++ standard: it also offers clearly-written explanations of complex concepts, reviews practical programming details needed for effective use, and presents many useful examples of working code - all of them available for download. Fully updated to reflect the newest elements of the C++ Standard Library incorporated into the full ANSI/ISO C++ language standard, this book examines containers, iterators, function objects, STL algorithms, special containers, strings, numerical classes, internationalization, the IOStream library, and much more. Every component is presented in depth: Josuttis explains its purpose and design, presents crystal-clear examples, identifies traps and pitfalls, and offers exact signatures and definitions of its classes and functions. Comprehensive, detailed, readable, and practical, Josuttis' The C++ Standard Library has established itself as the definitive book on the topic: working developers will find this new edition even more useful.

Systems Programming in Unix/Linux

Systems Programming in Unix/Linux
A Book

by K.C. Wang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-27
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 331992429X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering all the essential components of Unix/Linux, including process management, concurrent programming, timer and time service, file systems and network programming, this textbook emphasizes programming practice in the Unix/Linux environment. Systems Programming in Unix/Linux is intended as a textbook for systems programming courses in technically-oriented Computer Science/Engineering curricula that emphasize both theory and programming practice. The book contains many detailed working example programs with complete source code. It is also suitable for self-study by advanced programmers and computer enthusiasts. Systems programming is an indispensable part of Computer Science/Engineering education. After taking an introductory programming course, this book is meant to further knowledge by detailing how dynamic data structures are used in practice, using programming exercises and programming projects on such topics as C structures, pointers, link lists and trees. This book provides a wide range of knowledge about computer systemsoftware and advanced programming skills, allowing readers to interface with operatingsystem kernel, make efficient use of system resources and develop application software.It also prepares readers with the needed background to pursue advanced studies inComputer Science/Engineering, such as operating systems, embedded systems, databasesystems, data mining, artificial intelligence, computer networks, network security,distributed and parallel computing.

3D Math Primer for Graphics and Game Development

3D Math Primer for Graphics and Game Development
A Book

by Fletcher Dunn,Ian Parberry

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-11-02
  • Pages : 846
  • ISBN : 1498759890
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This engaging book presents the essential mathematics needed to describe, simulate, and render a 3D world. Reflecting both academic and in-the-trenches practical experience, the authors teach you how to describe objects and their positions, orientations, and trajectories in 3D using mathematics. The text provides an introduction to mathematics for

NETWORKING 2010

NETWORKING 2010
9th International IFIP TC 6 Networking Conference, Chennai, India, May 11-15, 2010, Proceedings

by Mark Crovella,Laura Marie Feeney,Dan Rubenstein,S.V. Raghavan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-04-26
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 3642129633
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th IFIP-TC6 Networking Conference, Networking 2010. Papers were solicited in three broad topic areas: applications and services, network technologies, and internet design. All papers were considered on their merits by a uni?ed Technical ProgramCommittee (TPC); there was no attempt to enforce a quota among topic areas. We believe the resulting program is an excellentrepresentationofthebreadthofrecentadvancesinnetworkingresearch. This year, the conference received 101 full paper submissions from 23 co- trieson?vecontinents,re?ectingastrongdiversityinthenetworkingcommunity. Similarly, the 92 members of the TPC are from 21 countries and include a mix of academic, industry, and governmental a?liations. The TPC members, aided by some 50 external reviewers, provided a total of 470 reviews and follow-up discussions totaling more than 200 messages. The ?nal selections were made at a TPC meeting hosted by Columbia University in New York City, with both in-person and remote participation. In total, authors of accepted papers have academic and industry a?liations in 15 countries. We ?nally selected 24papers for presentationduring the conference technical sessions. A small number of papers were assigned a shepherd from the TPC to assist in paper revision. These statistics represent an acceptance rate of just under 24%, comparable to that of previous years. The TPC also identi?ed several papers that re?ect particularly promising early results; these papers were selected for presentation as work-in-progress papers and are identi?ed as such in the proceedings.

Mathematical Physiology

Mathematical Physiology
I: Cellular Physiology

by James Keener,James Sneyd

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-06-04
  • Pages : 547
  • ISBN : 038775847X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Divided into two volumes, the book begins with a pedagogical presentation of some of the basic theory, with chapters on biochemical reactions, diffusion, excitability, wave propagation and cellular homeostasis. The second, more extensive part discusses particular physiological systems, with chapters on calcium dynamics, bursting oscillations and secretion, cardiac cells, muscles, intercellular communication, the circulatory system, the immune system, wound healing, the respiratory system, the visual system, hormone physiology, renal physiology, digestion, the visual system and hearing. New chapters on Calcium Dynamics, Neuroendocrine Cells and Regulation of Cell Function have been included. Reviews from first edition: Keener and Sneyd's Mathematical Physiology is the first comprehensive text of its kind that deals exclusively with the interplay between mathematics and physiology. Writing a book like this is an audacious act! -Society of Mathematical Biology Keener and Sneyd's is unique in that it attempts to present one of the most important subfields of biology and medicine, physiology, in terms of mathematical "language", rather than organizing materials around mathematical methodology. -SIAM review

Specialised Pharmaceutical Formulation

Specialised Pharmaceutical Formulation
The Science and Technology of Dosage Forms

by Geoffrey D Tovey

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2022-05-04
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 1839165618
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Formulation is a key step in the drug design process, where the active drug is combined with other substances that maximise the therapeutic potential, safety, and stability of the final medicinal product. Regulatory and quality demands, in addition to advances in processing technologies, result in growing challenges as well as possibilities for the field. Following on from Pharmaceutical Formulation, which covered traditional dosage forms such as tablets and capsules, this volume expands upon those formulations to cover a more diverse range of less common dosage forms. Novel routes of administration are covered from inhalational, dermal and transdermal formulations to ocular, oral suspensions, vaccines and nanoparticle drug delivery. The methods through which these formulations are processed and manufactured is also covered, providing essential knowledge to ensure quality, efficiency, and acceptable costing. Specialised Pharmaceutical Formulation is an essential, up to date resource for students and researchers working in academia and in the pharmaceutical industry and will equip readers with the ability to effectively and reliably produce products which can be approved, manufactured and made available to administer to patients.