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Calculus of Thought

Calculus of Thought
A Book

by Daniel Rice

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Calculus of Thought: Neuromorphic Logistic Regression in Cognitive Machines is a must-read for all scientists about a very simple computation method designed to simulate big-data neural processing. This book is inspired by the Calculus Ratiocinator idea of Gottfried Leibniz, which is that machine computation should be developed to simulate human cognitive processes, thus avoiding problematic subjective bias in analytic solutions to practical and scientific problems. The reduced error logistic regression (RELR) method is proposed as such a "Calculus of Thought." This book reviews how RELR's completely automated processing may parallel important aspects of explicit and implicit learning in neural processes. It emphasizes the fact that RELR is really just a simple adjustment to already widely used logistic regression, along with RELR's new applications that go well beyond standard logistic regression in prediction and explanation. Readers will learn how RELR solves some of the most basic problems in today's big and small data related to high dimensionality, multi-colinearity, and cognitive bias in capricious outcomes commonly involving human behavior. Provides a high-level introduction and detailed reviews of the neural, statistical and machine learning knowledge base as a foundation for a new era of smarter machines Argues that smarter machine learning to handle both explanation and prediction without cognitive bias must have a foundation in cognitive neuroscience and must embody similar explicit and implicit learning principles that occur in the brain Offers a new neuromorphic foundation for machine learning based upon the reduced error logistic regression (RELR) method and provides simple examples of RELR computations in toy problems that can be accessed in spreadsheet workbooks through a companion website.

A Calculus of Ideas

A Calculus of Ideas
A Mathematical Study of Human Thought

by Ulf Grenander

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : 981438318X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This monograph reports a thought experiment with a mathematical structure intended to illustrate the workings of a mind. It presents a mathematical theory of human thought based on pattern theory with a graph-based approach to thinking. The method illustrated and produced by extensive computer simulations is related to neural networks. Based mainly on introspection, it is speculative rather than empirical such that it differs radically in attitude from the conventional wisdom of current cognitive science.

Calculus of Thought

Calculus of Thought
Neuromorphic Logistic Regression in Cognitive Machines

by Daniel M Rice

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-15
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0124104525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Calculus of Thought: Neuromorphic Logistic Regression in Cognitive Machines is a must-read for all scientists about a very simple computation method designed to simulate big-data neural processing. This book is inspired by the Calculus Ratiocinator idea of Gottfried Leibniz, which is that machine computation should be developed to simulate human cognitive processes, thus avoiding problematic subjective bias in analytic solutions to practical and scientific problems. The reduced error logistic regression (RELR) method is proposed as such a "Calculus of Thought." This book reviews how RELR's completely automated processing may parallel important aspects of explicit and implicit learning in neural processes. It emphasizes the fact that RELR is really just a simple adjustment to already widely used logistic regression, along with RELR's new applications that go well beyond standard logistic regression in prediction and explanation. Readers will learn how RELR solves some of the most basic problems in today’s big and small data related to high dimensionality, multi-colinearity, and cognitive bias in capricious outcomes commonly involving human behavior. Provides a high-level introduction and detailed reviews of the neural, statistical and machine learning knowledge base as a foundation for a new era of smarter machines Argues that smarter machine learning to handle both explanation and prediction without cognitive bias must have a foundation in cognitive neuroscience and must embody similar explicit and implicit learning principles that occur in the brain

Calculus Of Ideas, A: A Mathematical Study Of Human Thought

Calculus Of Ideas, A: A Mathematical Study Of Human Thought
A Book

by Ulf Grenander

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2012-08-10
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9814439118
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This monograph reports a thought experiment with a mathematical structure intended to illustrate the workings of a mind. It presents a mathematical theory of human thought based on pattern theory with a graph-based approach to thinking. The method illustrated and produced by extensive computer simulations is related to neural networks. Based mainly on introspection, it is speculative rather than empirical such that it differs radically in attitude from the conventional wisdom of current cognitive science.

Engineering Formulas for Thought

Engineering Formulas for Thought
No Calculus in the Lot

by Charles M. Bull

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The History of the Calculus and Its Conceptual Development

The History of the Calculus and Its Conceptual Development
A Book

by Carl B. Boyer

  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release : 2012-10-09
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0486175383
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fluent description of the development of both the integral and differential calculus — its early beginnings in antiquity, medieval contributions, and a consideration of Newton and Leibniz.

Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations

Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations
Text and Context

by Robert Arrington,Hans-Johann Glock

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2002-11-01
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1134912498
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Calculus For Dummies

Calculus For Dummies
A Book

by Mark Ryan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-05-18
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1119297435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition (9781119293491) was previously published as Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition (9781118791295). While this version features a new Dummies cover and design, the content is the same as the prior release and should not be considered a new or updated product. Slay the calculus monster with this user-friendly guide Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition makes calculus manageable—even if you're one of the many students who sweat at the thought of it. By breaking down differentiation and integration into digestible concepts, this guide helps you build a stronger foundation with a solid understanding of the big ideas at work. This user-friendly math book leads you step-by-step through each concept, operation, and solution, explaining the "how" and "why" in plain English instead of math-speak. Through relevant instruction and practical examples, you'll soon learn that real-life calculus isn't nearly the monster it's made out to be. Calculus is a required course for many college majors, and for students without a strong math foundation, it can be a real barrier to graduation. Breaking that barrier down means recognizing calculus for what it is—simply a tool for studying the ways in which variables interact. It's the logical extension of the algebra, geometry, and trigonometry you've already taken, and Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition proves that if you can master those classes, you can tackle calculus and win. Includes foundations in algebra, trigonometry, and pre-calculus concepts Explores sequences, series, and graphing common functions Instructs you how to approximate area with integration Features things to remember, things to forget, and things you can't get away with Stop fearing calculus, and learn to embrace the challenge. With this comprehensive study guide, you'll gain the skills and confidence that make all the difference. Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition provides a roadmap for success, and the backup you need to get there.

The World Computer

The World Computer
Derivative Conditions of Racial Capitalism

by Jonathan Beller

  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Release : 2021-01-22
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 1478012706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In The World Computer Jonathan Beller forcefully demonstrates that the history of commodification generates information itself. Out of the omnipresent calculus imposed by commodification, information emerges historically as a new money form. Investigating its subsequent financialization of daily life and colonization of semiotics, Beller situates the development of myriad systems for quantifying the value of people, objects, and affects as endemic to racial capitalism and computation. Built on oppression and genocide, capital and its technical result as computation manifest as racial formations, as do the machines and software of social mediation that feed racial capitalism and run on social difference. Algorithms, derived from for-profit management strategies, conscript all forms of expression—language, image, music, communication—into the calculus of capital such that even protest may turn a profit. Computational media function for the purpose of extraction rather than ameliorating global crises, and financialize every expressive act, converting each utterance into a wager. Repairing this ecology of exploitation, Beller contends, requires decolonizing information and money, and the scripting of futures wagered by the cultural legacies and claims of those in struggle.

Mathematical Thought From Ancient to Modern Times

Mathematical Thought From Ancient to Modern Times
A Book

by Morris Kline

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1990-03-01
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9780199840427
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive history traces the development of mathematical ideas and the careers of the men responsible for them. Volume 1 looks at the disciplines origins in Babylon and Egypt, the creation of geometry and trigonometry by the Greeks, and the role of mathematics in the medieval and early modern periods. Volume 2 focuses on calculus, the rise of analysis in the 19th century, and the number theories of Dedekind and Dirichlet. The concluding volume covers the revival of projective geometry, the emergence of abstract algebra, the beginnings of topology, and the influence of Godel on recent mathematical study.

World Without Mind

World Without Mind
The Existential Threat of Big Tech

by Franklin Foer

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2017-09-12
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 110198113X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A New York Times Book Review Notable Book of 2017 • One of the best books of the year by The New York Times, LA Times, and NPR Franklin Foer reveals the existential threat posed by big tech, and in his brilliant polemic gives us the toolkit to fight their pervasive influence. Over the past few decades there has been a revolution in terms of who controls knowledge and information. This rapid change has imperiled the way we think. Without pausing to consider the cost, the world has rushed to embrace the products and services of four titanic corporations. We shop with Amazon; socialize on Facebook; turn to Apple for entertainment; and rely on Google for information. These firms sell their efficiency and purport to make the world a better place, but what they have done instead is to enable an intoxicating level of daily convenience. As these companies have expanded, marketing themselves as champions of individuality and pluralism, their algorithms have pressed us into conformity and laid waste to privacy. They have produced an unstable and narrow culture of misinformation, and put us on a path to a world without private contemplation, autonomous thought, or solitary introspection—a world without mind. In order to restore our inner lives, we must avoid being coopted by these gigantic companies, and understand the ideas that underpin their success. Elegantly tracing the intellectual history of computer science—from Descartes and the enlightenment to Alan Turing to Stewart Brand and the hippie origins of today's Silicon Valley—Foer exposes the dark underpinnings of our most idealistic dreams for technology. The corporate ambitions of Google, Facebook, Apple, and Amazon, he argues, are trampling longstanding liberal values, especially intellectual property and privacy. This is a nascent stage in the total automation and homogenization of social, political, and intellectual life. By reclaiming our private authority over how we intellectually engage with the world, we have the power to stem the tide. At stake is nothing less than who we are, and what we will become. There have been monopolists in the past but today's corporate giants have far more nefarious aims. They’re monopolists who want access to every facet of our identities and influence over every corner of our decision-making. Until now few have grasped the sheer scale of the threat. Foer explains not just the looming existential crisis but the imperative of resistance.

Deleuze and Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus

Deleuze and Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus
A Book

by Brent Adkins

  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release : 2015-05-18
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0748686487
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using clear language and numerous examples, each chapter of this guide analyses an individual plateau from Deleuze and Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus, interpreting the work for students and scholars.

Sleepwalker's World

Sleepwalker's World
A Book

by Gordon R. Dickson

  • Publisher : Baen Books
  • Release : 2018-04-03
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 1625796358
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A SCIENCE FICTION CLASSIC FROM A MASTER. Celebrated author Gordon R. Dickson's classic novel pitting good against evil, back in print. The Sleeper Wakes The energy crisis has been solved. Core Taps have been driven 300 miles into the Earth to tap into the subterranean power source at its core. The only catch: when activated, the Core Taps disrupt brain waves, sending everyone nearby into a deep, forced sleep. It’s a small price to pay for a world of plenty. Or so it seems. Rafe Harald is one of the few humans not affected by the Core Taps. Back from the Moon, where he has been preparing for humankind’s first trek into deep space, he makes his way through a shadowy night world of induced slumber. He’s come to discover the whereabouts of a missing colleague. What he’ll find is a mysterious figure known as the Old Man—and a conspiracy so devious in its design, he’ll wish it was a nightmare. But soon the Old Man will discover that he has awoken a sleeping giant in Rafe Harald. And on a planet of perpetual sleep, a new day is about to dawn. At the publisher's request, this book is sold without DRM (Digital Rights Management). About Gordon R. Dickson: "Dickson is one of SF's standard-bearers."—Publishers Weekly "Dickson has a true mastery of pacing and fine understanding of human beings."—Seattle Post Intelligencer "A masterful science fiction writer."—Milwaukee Journal

Mathematics and Logic in History and in Contemporary Thought

Mathematics and Logic in History and in Contemporary Thought
A Book

by Ettore Carruccio,Isabel Quigly

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-09-29
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1351506617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is not a conventional history of mathematics as such, a museum of documents and scientific curiosities. Instead, it identifies this vital science with the thought of those who constructed it and in its relation to the changing cultural context in which it evolved. Particular emphasis is placed on the philosophic and logical systems, from Aristotle onward, that provide the basis for the fusion of mathematics and logic in contemporary thought.

Language and Its Functions

Language and Its Functions
A Historico-critical Study of Views Concerning the Functions of Language from the Pre-humanistic Philology of Orleans to the Rationalistic Philology of Bopp

by Pieter Adrianus Verburg

  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release : 1998-01-01
  • Pages : 577
  • ISBN : 902724572X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When Pieter Verburg (1905-1989) published Taal en Functionaliteit in 1952, the work was received with admiration by linguistic scholars, though the number of those who could read the Dutch text for themselves remained limited. The title alludes to the theories of linguistic function set out in 1936 by Karl Bühler, but Verburg regards the three functions of discourse — focussing respectively on the speaker, the person addressed and the matter discussed — as no more than sub-functions of the human function of speech. His central concern is to explore the relationships between thought and language, and language and reality; and the work sets out to provide a historical analysis of views on these relationships in the period 1100 to 1800. The great strength of the work lies in the way in which the views of language are related to contemporaneous moves in philosophy and science, contrasting essentially the mediaeval acceptance of authority, the beginnings of induction in the Renaissance, the dependence of early rationalism on calculation based on axiomatic truths, and the further development of independent observation. All these trends are reflected in the way men thought about language, as well as in the way they used it. Much has been written on the history of linguistics since this book was written, but it still offers a unique view of the development of thinking about language.

Calculus Gems

Calculus Gems
Brief Lives and Memorable Mathematics

by George F. Simmons

  • Publisher : MAA
  • Release : 2007-08-02
  • Pages : 355
  • ISBN : 9780883855614
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Demonstrates the profound connections that join mathematics to the history of philosophy.

Calculus and Pizza

Calculus and Pizza
A Cookbook for the Hungry Mind

by Clifford A. Pickover

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-06-16
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9780471269878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Setting up residence in a pizza parlor, Clifford Pickover focuses on procedures for solving problems, offering short, easy-to-digest chapters that allow you to quickly get the essence of a technique or question. From exponentials and logarithms to derivatives and multiple integrals, the book utilizes pepperoni, meatballs, and more to make complex topics fun to learn - emphasizing basic, practical principles to help you calculate the speed of tossed pizza dough or the rising cost of eggplant parmigiana. Plus, you'll see how simple math - and a meal - can solve more especially curious and even mind-shattering problems."--BOOK JACKET.

Concept and Object

Concept and Object
The Unity of the Proposition in Logic and Psychology

by Anthony Palmer

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-11-04
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 1000737098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Originally published in 1988. This text gives a lucid account of the most distinctive and influential responses by twentieth century philosophers to the problem of the unity of the proposition. The problem first became central to twentieth-century philosophy as a result of the depsychoiogising of logic brought about by Bradley and Frege who, responding to the ’Psychologism’ of Mill and Hume, drew a sharp distinction between the province of psychology and the province of logic. This author argues that while Russell, Ryle and Davidson, each in different ways, attempted a theoretical solution, Frege and Wittgenstein (both in the Tractatus and the Investigations) rightly maintained that no theoretical solution is possible. It is this which explains the importance Wittgenstein attached in his later work to the idea of agreement in judgments. The two final chapters illustrate the way in which a response to the problem affects the way in which we think about the nature of the mind. They contain a discussion of Strawson’s concept of a person and provide a striking critique of the philosophical claims made by devotees of artificial intelligence, in particular those made by Daniel Dennett.

Veterinary Journal and Annals of Comparative Pathology

Veterinary Journal and Annals of Comparative Pathology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1894
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Calculus

Calculus
Multivariable

by Deborah Hughes-Hallett,Andrew M. Gleason,William G. McCallum

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-12-03
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 1119777917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The ideal resource for promoting active learning in flipped classroom environments, Calculus: Multivariable, 8th Edition brings calculus to real life with relevant examples and a variety of problems with applications from the physical sciences, economics, health, biology, engineering, and economics. Emphasizing the Rule of Four—viewing problems graphically, numerically, symbolically, and verbally—this popular textbook provides students with numerous opportunities to master key mathematical concepts and apply critical thinking skills to reveal solutions to mathematical problems. Developed by Calculus Consortium based at Harvard University, Calculus: Multivariable uses a student-friendly approach that highlights the practical value of mathematics while reinforcing both the conceptual understanding and computational skills required to reduce complicated problems to simple procedures. The new eighth edition further reinforces the Rule of Four, offers additional problem sets and updated examples, and supports complex, multi-part questions through new visualizations and graphing questions powered by GeoGebra.