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Carbohydrates: The Essential Molecules of Life

Carbohydrates: The Essential Molecules of Life
A Book

by Robert V. Stick,Spencer Williams

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-08-06
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9780080927022
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides the "nuts and bolts" background for a successful study of carbohydrates - the essential molecules that not only give you energy, but are an integral part of many biological processes. A question often asked is 'Why do carbohydrate chemistry?' The answer is simple: It is fundamental to a study of biology. Carbohydrates are the building blocks of life and enable biological processes to take place. Therefore the book will provide a taste for the subject of glycobiology. Covering the basics of carbohydrates and then the chemistry and reactions of carbohydrates this book will enable a chemist to gain essential knowledge that will enable them to move smoothly into the worlds of biochemistry, molecular biology and cell biology. * includes perspective from new co-author Spencer Williams, who enhances coverage of the connection between carbohydrates and life * describes the basic chemistry and biology of carbohydrates * reviews the concepts, synthesis, reactions, and biology of carbohydrates

Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications

Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications
A Book

by Hari G. Garg,Mary K. Cowman,Charles A. Hales

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-09-06
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9780080558141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The finding by Emil Fischer that glucose and fructose on treatment with phenylhydrazine gave the identical osazone led him to the elucidation of stereochemistry of carbohydrates. Since then, progress in the field of carbohydrates has been amazing with the unraveling their basic structure, biosynthesis, immunology, functions, and clinical uses, for pure carbohydrates and for protein-linked carbohydrates (glycoproteins and proteoglycans). The chapters in Carbohydrate Chemistry, Biology and Medical Applications present a logical sequence leading from the chemistry and biochemistry of carbohydrates, followed by their role in various pathological conditions, to carbohydrates as potential therapeutic and diagnostic agents. This book offers a detailed panoramic review of the chemistry and biology of carbohydrates for chemists, biologists and health professionals. Each chapter is authored by contributors expert in the particular area of research. Explains how carbohydrates are important to life Details the chemistry, biology and medical aspects of carbohydrates Interdisciplinary and international team of authors

Essentials of Glycobiology

Essentials of Glycobiology
A Book

by Ajit Varki,Maarten J. Chrispeels

  • Publisher : CSHL Press
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 653
  • ISBN : 9780879696818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sugar chains (glycans) are often attached to proteins and lipids and have multiple roles in the organization and function of all organisms. "Essentials of Glycobiology" describes their biogenesis and function and offers a useful gateway to the understanding of glycans.

Biology 2e

Biology 2e
A Book

by Mary Ann Clark,Jung Ho Choi,Matthew Douglas

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 1567
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biology 2e (2nd edition) is designed to cover the scope and sequence requirements of a typical two-semester biology course for science majors. The text provides comprehensive coverage of foundational research and core biology concepts through an evolutionary lens. Biology includes rich features that engage students in scientific inquiry, highlight careers in the biological sciences, and offer everyday applications. The book also includes various types of practice and homework questions that help students understand -- and apply -- key concepts. The 2nd edition has been revised to incorporate clearer, more current, and more dynamic explanations, while maintaining the same organization as the first edition. Art and illustrations have been substantially improved, and the textbook features additional assessments and related resources.

Eat for Life

Eat for Life
The Food and Nutrition Board's Guide to Reducing Your Risk of Chronic Disease

by National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1992-01-01
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0309040493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Results from the National Research Council's (NRC) landmark study Diet and health are readily accessible to nonscientists in this friendly, easy-to-read guide. Readers will find the heart of the book in the first chapter: the Food and Nutrition Board's nine-point dietary plan to reduce the risk of diet-related chronic illness. The nine points are presented as sensible guidelines that are easy to follow on a daily basis, without complicated measuring or calculating--and without sacrificing favorite foods. Eat for Life gives practical recommendations on foods to eat and in a "how-to" section provides tips on shopping (how to read food labels), cooking (how to turn a high-fat dish into a low-fat one), and eating out (how to read a menu with nutrition in mind). The volume explains what protein, fiber, cholesterol, and fats are and what foods contain them, and tells readers how to reduce their risk of chronic disease by modifying the types of food they eat. Each chronic disease is clearly defined, with information provided on its prevalence in the United States. Written for everyone concerned about how they can influence their health by what they eat, Eat for Life offers potentially lifesaving information in an understandable and persuasive way. Alternative Selection, Quality Paperback Book Club

Concepts of Biology

Concepts of Biology
A Book

by Samantha Fowler,Rebecca Roush,James Wise

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018-01-07
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 9789888407453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concepts of Biology is designed for the single-semester introduction to biology course for non-science majors, which for many students is their only college-level science course. As such, this course represents an important opportunity for students to develop the necessary knowledge, tools, and skills to make informed decisions as they continue with their lives. Rather than being mired down with facts and vocabulary, the typical non-science major student needs information presented in a way that is easy to read and understand. Even more importantly, the content should be meaningful. Students do much better when they understand why biology is relevant to their everyday lives. For these reasons, Concepts of Biology is grounded on an evolutionary basis and includes exciting features that highlight careers in the biological sciences and everyday applications of the concepts at hand.We also strive to show the interconnectedness of topics within this extremely broad discipline. In order to meet the needs of today's instructors and students, we maintain the overall organization and coverage found in most syllabi for this course. A strength of Concepts of Biology is that instructors can customize the book, adapting it to the approach that works best in their classroom. Concepts of Biology also includes an innovative art program that incorporates critical thinking and clicker questions to help students understand--and apply--key concepts.

Transforming Glycoscience

Transforming Glycoscience
A Roadmap for the Future

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Assessing the Importance and Impact of Glycomics and Glycosciences

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2012-10-23
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 0309260868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A new focus on glycoscience, a field that explores the structures and functions of sugars, promises great advances in areas as diverse as medicine, energy generation, and materials science, this report finds. Glycans--also known as carbohydrates, saccharides, or simply as sugars--play central roles in many biological processes and have properties useful in an array of applications. However, glycans have received little attention from the research community due to a lack of tools to probe their often complex structures and properties. Transforming Glycoscience: A Roadmap for the Future presents a roadmap for transforming glycoscience from a field dominated by specialists to a widely studied and integrated discipline, which could lead to a more complete understanding of glycans and help solve key challenges in diverse fields.

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates

Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates
A Book

by Vinood B. Patel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-10-16
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 0128498749
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Nutrition: Carbohydrates presents the nutritional and molecular aspects of carbohydrates. As part of the Molecular Nutrition includes sections covering carbohydrate metabolism, carbohydrates in the diet, insulin resistance, dietary sugars, cardiometabolic risk, lipoproteins, low-carbohydrate diets, antioxidants, refined dietary sugars, fats, glucose transporters, glucose sensing, the role of phosphorylation, carbohydrate responsive binding protein, cyclic AMP, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, SIRT1, insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and GIP receptor (GIPR) genes rRNA and transcription, and more. In addition, the book addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health. Summarizes molecular nutrition in health as related to carbohydrates Addresses emerging fields of molecular biology and presents important discoveries relating to diet and nutritional health Includes key facts, a mini dictionary of terms and summary points

Biochemistry

Biochemistry
: the Molecules of Life

by Richard Bowater,Laura Bowater,Tom Husband

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-03-05
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 0198848390
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written primarily for 16-19 year old students, this primer aims to extend students' knowledge and inspire them to take their school-level learning further. It explores topics that are familiar from the curriculum and also introduces new ideas, giving students a first taste of the study of biology beyond school-level and demonstrating how concepts frequently encountered at school are relevant to and applied in current research. This is the ideal text to supportstudents who are considering making the transition from studying biology at school to university. This is a concise, stimulating introduction to the fundamental biomolecules in cells and organisms, and the exciting ways biochemistry could be used to solve global problems, both now and in the future.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
A Book

by Bruce Alberts

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780815332183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen Bonding in Biological Structures

Hydrogen Bonding in Biological Structures
A Book

by George A. Jeffrey,Wolfram Saenger

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 569
  • ISBN : 3642851355
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen bonds are weak attractions, with a binding strength less than one-tenth that of a normal covalent bond. However, hydrogen bonds are of extraordinary importance; without them all wooden structures would collapse, cement would crumble, oceans would vaporize, and all living things would disintegrate into random dispersions of inert matter. Hydrogen Bonding in Biological Structures is informative and eminently usable. It is, in a sense, a Rosetta stone that unlocks a wealth of information from the language of crystallography and makes it accessible to all scientists. (From a book review of Kenneth M. Harmon, Science 1992)

Australian Journal of Chemistry

Australian Journal of Chemistry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biology for AP ® Courses

Biology for AP ® Courses
A Book

by Julianne Zedalis,John Eggebrecht

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017-10-16
  • Pages : 1923
  • ISBN : 9781947172401
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biology for AP® courses covers the scope and sequence requirements of a typical two-semester Advanced Placement® biology course. The text provides comprehensive coverage of foundational research and core biology concepts through an evolutionary lens. Biology for AP® Courses was designed to meet and exceed the requirements of the College Board’s AP® Biology framework while allowing significant flexibility for instructors. Each section of the book includes an introduction based on the AP® curriculum and includes rich features that engage students in scientific practice and AP® test preparation; it also highlights careers and research opportunities in biological sciences.

Capillary Electrophoresis of Carbohydrates

Capillary Electrophoresis of Carbohydrates
From Monosaccharides to Complex Polysaccharides

by Nicola Volpi

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-10-26
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 9781607618751
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Simple carbohydrates, complex oligosaccharides and polysaccharides all belong to a class of ubiquitous (macro)molecules that exhibit a wide range of biological functions, and the recent advent of enhanced enzymatic, chemical and analytical tools used to study these sugars has inaugurated a genuine explosion in the field of glycomics. Specifically, it has led to a deeper understanding of how specific sugar structures modulate cellular phenotypes, and that breakthrough has led to the discovery of new pharmaceuticals for the treatment of many serious diseases, such as cancer. The subsequent rapid expansion of this research holds high promise for future therapeutic regimens, and capillary electrophoresis (CE) refers to the range of related separation techniques that are integral to this vital research. CE uses narrow-bore fused-silica capillaries to separate a complex array of large and small molecules, and Capillary Electrophoresis of Carbohydrates offers a comprehensive look at the latest breakthroughs and improvements in CE and CE techniques applied to monosaccharides up to complex oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. It begins with an overview of the application of CE and CE- mass spectrometric in the analysis of simple carbohydrates without any previous derivatization step before discussing various detection techniques such as spectrophotometric detection, electrochemical detection and other less common techniques. It then covers in detail an array of related topics and numerous applications. It is an essential text for anyone exploring the myriad possibilities of this rapidly expanding field.

Recent Trends in Carbohydrate Chemistry

Recent Trends in Carbohydrate Chemistry
Biomedical and Material Science Applications

by Amélia Pilar Rauter,Björn Christensen,Laszlo Somsak,Roberto Adamo,Paul Kosma

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-04-24
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 0128174676
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbohydrate chemistry provides access to carbohydrate-based natural products and synthetic molecules as useful biologically active structures relevant to many health care and disease-related biological processes. Recent Trends in Carbohydrate Chemistry: Synthesis, Structure, and Function of Carbohydrates covers green and sustainable reactions, organometallic carbohydrate chemistry, synthesis of glycomimetics, multicomponent reactions, and chemical transformations leading to molecular diversity based on carbohydrates. These include inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylase, which are relevant in controlling type 2 diabetes and sugar sulfates. Polysaccharides, which are commonly modified chemically, are also examined with contributions covering polysaccharide synthesis and modification of polysaccharides to obtain new structures and properties. Recent Trends in Carbohydrate Chemistry: Synthesis, Structure, and Function of Carbohydrates is ideal for researchers working as synthetic organic chemists, and for those interested in biomolecular chemistry, green chemistry, organometallic chemistry, and material chemistry in academia as well as in industry.

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Chemistry
Chemical and Biological Approaches

by Yves Queneau,A Pilar Rauter,Thisbe Lindhorst

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2014-03-25
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN : 184973965X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume 40 of Carbohydrate Chemistry: Chemical and Biological Approaches demonstrates the importance of the glycosciences for innovation and societal progress. Carbohydrates are molecules with essential roles in biology and also serve as renewable resources for the generation of new chemicals and materials. Honouring Professor Andr� Lubineau's memory, this volume resembles a special collection of contributions in the fields of green and low-carbon chemistry, innovative synthetic methodology and design of carbohydrate architectures for medicinal and biological chemistry. Green methodology is illustrated by accounts on the industrial development of water-promoted reactions (C-glycosylation, cycloadditions) and the design of green processes and synthons towards sugar-based surfactants and materials. The especially challenging transformations at the anomeric center are presented in several contributions on glycosylation methodologies using iron or gold catalysis, electrochemical or enzymatic (thio)glycosylation, exo-glycal chemistry and bioengineering of carbohydrate synthases. Then, synthesis and structure of multivalent and supramolecular oligosaccharide architectures are discussed and related to their physical properties and application potential, e.g. for deepening our understanding of biological processes, such as enzymatic pathways or bacterial adhesion, and design of antibacterial, antifungal and innovative anticancer vaccines or drugs.

The Molecules of Life

The Molecules of Life
First Edition

by Kuriyan, John,Konforti, Boyana,Wemmer, David

  • Publisher : W.W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2012-07-25
  • Pages : 1008
  • ISBN : 0815341881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook provides an integrated physical and biochemical foundation for undergraduate students majoring in biology or health sciences. It is particularly suitable for students planning to enter the pharmaceutical industry. This new generation of molecular biologists and biochemists will harness the tools and insights of physics and chemistry to exploit the emergence of genomics and systems-level information in biology, and will shape the future of medicine.

Solubility of Polysaccharides

Solubility of Polysaccharides
A Book

by Zhenbo Xu

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-11-29
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 9535136496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sugars, with a scientific term as saccharides, are involved in various aspects in the lives of human beings, including the sense of taste, energy for daily life, etc. Recent development in polysaccharides, as well as the background knowledge in this field, further deepens insight into their roles as healthy supplements. In this book, the principles on polysaccharides' solubility and structure, methodologies and application of polysaccharides have been reviewed. The chapters in this book include the relationship between structure and solubility of polysaccharide, the experimental and computational researches on polysaccharide solubility and the common polysaccharide, which may further aid scholars and researchers in regard to solubility of polysaccharides, methodologies and modification.

Heterocycles from Carbohydrate Precursors

Heterocycles from Carbohydrate Precursors
A Book

by El Sayed H. El Ashry

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-07-30
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 3540729569
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With contributions by numerous experts

Diet and Health

Diet and Health
Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Diet and Health

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1989-01-01
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 0309039940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Diet and Health examines the many complex issues concerning diet and its role in increasing or decreasing the risk of chronic disease. It proposes dietary recommendations for reducing the risk of the major diseases and causes of death today: atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (including heart attack and stroke), cancer, high blood pressure, obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, liver disease, and dental caries.