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Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures
A Book

by Zili Wu,Steven H. Overbury

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-03-26
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128013400
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

Morphological, Compositional, and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis

Morphological, Compositional, and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis
A Book

by Paolo Fornasiero,Matteo Cargnello

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-05-23
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN : 0323446655
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Morphological, Compositional, and Shape Control of Materials for Catalysis, Volume 177, the latest in the Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis series, documents the fast-growing developments in the synthesis, characterization, and utilization of nanostructures for catalysis. The book provides essential background on using well-defined materials for catalysis and presents exciting new paradigms in the preparation and application of catalytic materials, with an emphasis on how structure determines catalytic properties. In addition, the book uniquely features discussions on the future of the field, with ample space for future directions detailed in each chapter. Presents the latest paradigms in the preparation and application of catalytic materials Provides essential background on using well-defined materials for catalysis Features discussion of future directions at the end of each chapter

Model Systems in Catalysis

Model Systems in Catalysis
Single Crystals to Supported Enzyme Mimics

by Robert Rioux

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-11-11
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9780387980492
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an excellent compilation of cutting-edge research in heterogeneous catalysis and related disciplines – surface science, organometallic catalysis, and enzymatic catalysis. In 23 chapters by noted experts, the volume demonstrates varied approaches using model systems and their successes in understanding aspects of heterogeneous catalysis, both metal- and metal oxide-based catalysis in extended single crystal and nanostructured catalytic materials. To truly appreciate the astounding advances of modern heterogeneous catalysis, let us first consider the subject from a historical perspective. Heterogeneous catalysis had its beginnings in England and France with the work of scientists such as Humphrey Davy (1778–1829), Michael Faraday (1791–1867), and Paul Sabatier (1854–1941). Sabatier postulated that surface compounds, si- lar to those familiar in bulk to chemists, were the intermediate species leading to catalytic products. Sabatier proposed, for example, that NiH moieties on a Ni sur- 2 face were able to hydrogenate ethylene, whereas NiH was not. In the USA, Irving Langmuir concluded just the opposite, namely, that chemisorbed surface species are chemically bound to surfaces and are unlike known molecules. These chemisorbed species were the active participants in catalysis. The equilibrium between gas-phase molecules and adsorbed chemisorbed species (yielding an adsorption isotherm) produced a monolayer by simple site-filling kinetics.

Nanomaterials in Catalysis

Nanomaterials in Catalysis
A Book

by Philippe Serp,Karine Philippot

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-11-15
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 3527656898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanocatalysis has emerged as a field at the interface between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis and offers unique solutions to the demanding requirements for catalyst improvement. Heterogeneous catalysis represents one of the oldest commercial applications of nanoscience and nanoparticles of metals, semiconductors, oxides, and other compounds have been widely used for important chemical reactions. The main focus of this fi eld is the development of well-defined catalysts, which may include both metal nanoparticles and a nanomaterial as the support. These nanocatalysts should display the benefits of both homogenous and heterogeneous catalysts, such as high efficiency and selectivity, stability and easy recovery/recycling. The concept of nanocatalysis is outlined in this book and, in particular, it provides a comprehensive overview of the science of colloidal nanoparticles. A broad range of topics, from the fundamentals to applications in catalysis, are covered, without excluding micelles, nanoparticles in ionic liquids, dendrimers, nanotubes, and nanooxides, as well as modeling, and the characterization of nanocatalysts, making it an indispensable reference for both researchers at universities and professionals in industry.

Zeolites

Zeolites
From Model Materials to Industrial Catalysts

by Jiří Čejka

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008-01-01
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 9788178953304
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Foreword During the recent years a large number of fascinating books appeared covering the ever growing area of zeolites, zeotypes and mesoporous molecular sieves even including the emerging field of metal organic frameworks. In contrast, we decided to prepare this book focused exclusively on zeolites and zeotypes, defined as crystalline microporous materials, to show that they are still one of the most important groups of inorganic materials serving as very well defined model structures for detail kinetic and spectroscopic studies up to industrially applied catalysts for cracking, refineries, petrochemistry, synthesis of fine chemicals, and in environmental catalysis. Based on that we believe that this book on zeolites will be useful not only for students and newcomers to this field but also to all experienced researchers as a useful reference book. Preparing this book we tried to follow up the pathway starting from synthesis of zeolites and understanding of new advances in this area up to their applications in adsorption and zeolites. Authors both from academic institutions very active in this area as well as leading experts from industry were invited to prepare their contributions. While in the Introduction the editors tried to briefly outline some basic summary of the last 250 years since the description of the first natural zeolite by Swedish mineralogist Cronsted, W.J. Roth focused on the discussion of recently synthesized zeolites and zeotypes and the exploitation of the structure directing concepts for the successful synthesis of these novel structural types of zeolites. This is continued by R. Lobo, who made a great effort to evaluate the most important factors controlling the synthesis of zeolites from the point of view of the mechanism of zeolite synthesis. Many organic cations play important role in the synthesis of zeolites and J. Perez-Pariente focused his attention on their role as structure- directing agents, without which the synthesis would not proceed. In recent years synthesis of nanozeolites with particle sizes in tens of nanometers step forward. This topic is nicely covered by S. Mintova and V. Valtchev showing important factors for their synthesis together with discussing possibilities of their investigation. This is followed by the chapter of S.E. Park centered on the application of microwave irradiation to shorten the synthesis time of zeolites and to control selectivity and morphology during the synthesis. Zeolite membranes for separations and catalysis present another important area of zeolite endeavor. J. Santamaria and coworkers nicely described recent achievements in this area. Final chapter devoted to the synthesis of zeolites was written by industrial experts led by Lam. The authors focused on the critical issues of scaling up of the zeolite synthesis, which provides more detailed ideas of the critical aspects of this effort. Acidity is one of the most important features of zeolites playing the crucial role in acid-catalyzed reactions. B. Gil presented various approaches to characterization of the acidity of zeolites and discussed advantages and disadvantages of individual relevant methods. From the practical point of view main part of the book is devoted to catalysis. Chapter by R. Staudt and M. Thommes preceded these chapters describing a broad application potential of zeolites for adsorption applications. As for the catalysis, A. Martinez focused on application of zeolites in petrochemical reactions and M. Bejblová and J. Cejka highlighted many examples of catalytic potential of zeolites in fine chemical synthesis. For the first time a topic of zeolite catalysis for renewables was covered by H. van Bekkum while Z. Sobalik discussed the application of zeolites in environmental catalysis with special emphasis on deNOx processes. Industrial applications of zeolites were summarized by C. Perego and A. Carati showing many examples of the importance of zeolites in this field. Finally, C. Christensen and his group presented an emerging field of controlled synthesis of mesoporous zeolites and their catalytic potential. It was our great pleasure to work with many friends and top researchers on the preparation of this book. We would like to sincerely thank all of them for their timely reviews on selected topics and particular effort to put the book together. Last but not least we appreciate the kind invitation from the Transworld Research Network publishing house to edit this book.

Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis

Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis
Advances and Applications

by Franklin Tao

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2014-06-12
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 1782621032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Catalysis is a central topic in chemical transformation and energy conversion. Thanks to the spectacular achievements of colloidal chemistry and the synthesis of nanomaterials over the last two decades, there have also been significant advances in nanoparticle catalysis. Catalysis on different metal nanostructures with well-defined structures and composition has been extensively studied. Metal nanocrystals synthesized with colloidal chemistry exhibit different catalytic performances in contrast to metal nanoparticles prepared with impregnation or deposition precipitation. Additionally, theoretical approaches in predicting catalysis performance and understanding catalytic mechanism on these metal nanocatalysts have made significant progress. Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis is a comprehensive text on catalysis on Nanoparticles, looking at both their synthesis and applications. Chapter topics include nanoreactor catalysis; Pd nanoparticles in C-C coupling reactions; metal salt-based gold nanocatalysts; theoretical insights into metal nanocatalysts; and nanoparticle mediated clock reaction. This book bridges the gap between nanomaterials synthesis and characterization, and catalysis. As such, this text will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers in these exciting fields.

The Development of Catalysis

The Development of Catalysis
A History of Key Processes and Personas in Catalytic Science and Technology

by Adriano Zecchina,Salvatore Califano

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-27
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1119181305
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gradually brings the reader, through illustrations of the most crucial discoveries, into the modern world of chemical catalysis. Readers and experts will better understand the enormous influence that catalysis has given to the development of modern societies. • Highlights the field's onset up to its modern days, covering the life and achievements of luminaries of the catalytic era • Appeals to general audience in interpretation and analysis, but preserves the precision and clarity of a scientific approach • Fills the gap in publications that cover the history of specific catalytic processes

Model Systems in Catalysis

Model Systems in Catalysis
Single Crystals to Supported Enzyme Mimics

by Robert Rioux

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2009-11-12
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9780387980416
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an excellent compilation of cutting-edge research in heterogeneous catalysis and related disciplines – surface science, organometallic catalysis, and enzymatic catalysis. In 23 chapters by noted experts, the volume demonstrates varied approaches using model systems and their successes in understanding aspects of heterogeneous catalysis, both metal- and metal oxide-based catalysis in extended single crystal and nanostructured catalytic materials. To truly appreciate the astounding advances of modern heterogeneous catalysis, let us first consider the subject from a historical perspective. Heterogeneous catalysis had its beginnings in England and France with the work of scientists such as Humphrey Davy (1778–1829), Michael Faraday (1791–1867), and Paul Sabatier (1854–1941). Sabatier postulated that surface compounds, si- lar to those familiar in bulk to chemists, were the intermediate species leading to catalytic products. Sabatier proposed, for example, that NiH moieties on a Ni sur- 2 face were able to hydrogenate ethylene, whereas NiH was not. In the USA, Irving Langmuir concluded just the opposite, namely, that chemisorbed surface species are chemically bound to surfaces and are unlike known molecules. These chemisorbed species were the active participants in catalysis. The equilibrium between gas-phase molecules and adsorbed chemisorbed species (yielding an adsorption isotherm) produced a monolayer by simple site-filling kinetics.

Catalysis

Catalysis
A Book

by James J Spivey,K M Dooley

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2007-10-31
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 1847558445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is an increasing challenge for chemical industry and research institutions to find cost-efficient and environmentally sound methods of converting natural resources into fuels chemicals and energy. Catalysts are essential to these processes and the Catalysis Specialist Periodical Report series serves to highlight major developments in this area. This series provides systematic and detailed reviews of topics of interest to scientists and engineers in the catalysis field. The coverage includes all major areas of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis and also specific applications of catalysis such as NOx control kinetics and experimental techniques such as microcalorimetry. Each chapter is compiled by recognised experts within their specialist fields and provides a summary of the current literature. This series will be of interest to all those in academia and industry who need an up-to-date critical analysis and summary of catalysis research and applications. Catalysis will be of interest to anyone working in academia and industry that needs an up-to-date critical analysis and summary of catalysis research and applications.

Soft Matters for Catalysts

Soft Matters for Catalysts
A Book

by Qingmin Ji,Harald Fuchs

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-09-25
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 1351272829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the increasing demand for optimization of energy storage, maintenance of the environment, and effective production, control on nanostructures of catalysts and optimization of their organization have become key to achieving high efficiency and specificity in energy and material conversion systems. This book emphasizes and summarizes the novel design of soft matters (molecules, polymers, assembled motifs, etc.) for nanocatalysts and nanocatalyst supports. The diversity or specialty of soft matters offers a new perspective and great promise for the development of new nanocatalytic systems for future requirements. Soft matters can provide a simple and well-defined space for the discovery of new catalysts. This book covers nonmetallic organocatalysts, organometallic compounds, dendrimers, ionic liquids, enzymes, polymers, various organized nanoarchitectures for supporting catalysts, and molecular dynamics in catalytic surface reactions. It gives readers a complete picture of the catalysis systems based on soft matters and is a useful reference for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students and researchers in chemistry, biology, materials science, nanoscience, polymer science, and catalysis.

Tailored Metal Catalysts

Tailored Metal Catalysts
A Book

by Y. Iwasawa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1985-12-31
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN : 9789027718662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Well tailored metal catalysts are catalysts of the new generation resulting from scientific development at the boundary between homogeneous and hetero­ geneous chemistry. The main factors involved in making tailored metal catalysts are not those of traditional impregnation in which the chemistry is in general unknown and ill-defined, or of simple ion exchange which involves long-range forces with little control on the local structure through definite and special bond direction. Tailored Metal Catalysts thus has a rather different emphasis from normal review publications in the field of catalysis. Here we concentrate more on the distinct surface chemistry and catalytic properties of important established materials with well-characterized active structures or precursors, although at the same time providing a systematic presentation of relevant data. Many pioneering works have been undertaken in the field of tailored metal catalysts since the early research on polymer-attached homogeneous metal complexes by the British Petroleum Company Ltd. and the Mobil Oil Corpora­ tion around 1969; transition metal complexes attached on polymers by Grubbs (1971), Heinemann (1971), Manassen (1971), Pittman (1971), Bursian et al. (1972), Kagan (1973), Bailar (1974); transition metal complexes attached on inorganic oxides by Allum et al. (1972), Ballard (1973), Candlin and Thomas (1974), Murrell (1974), Yermakov (1974); metal carbonyls/polymers by Moffat (1970); metal carbonyls/inorganic oxides by Parkyns (1965), Davie et al. (1969), Banks et al. (1969), Howe (1973), Burwell (1975); metal carbonyl clusters/ polymers by Colhnan (1972); metal carbonyl clusters/inorganic oxides by Robertson and Webb (1974), Anderson (1974), Smith et al. (1975).

Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
A Book

by Albert F. Carley,Philip R. Davies,Graham J. Hutchings,Michael S. Spencer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2002-09-30
  • Pages : 381
  • ISBN : 9780306473937
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exciting results are still emerging from the many research groups working in this fertile area and the book is an excellent stimulus to researchers at the start of the 21st century."--BOOK JACKET.

Surface and Interfacial Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis

Surface and Interfacial Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis
A Book

by C. Copéret,Bruno Chaudret,Jean-Marie Basset

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2005-11-03
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 9783540264965
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With contributions by numerous experts

Organometallics and Catalysis

Organometallics and Catalysis
An Introduction

by Manfred Bochmann

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 0199668213
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Organometallics and Catalysis, author Manfred Bochmann distills the extensive knowledge of the field that has been amassed in recent years into a succinct review of the essential concepts. It is enriched throughout by examples that demonstrate how our understanding of organometallic chemistry has led to new applications in research and industry--not least in relation to catalysis--and an extensive art program clarifies the concepts being explained. Striking just the right balance between breadth and depth, Organometallics and Catalysis is the perfect introduction for students who need a thorough grounding in the subject.

Materials for Sustainable Energy

Materials for Sustainable Energy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-07-06
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 0128150785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials for Sustainable Energy, Volume 72, the latest release in the Advances in Inorganic Chemistry series presents timely and informative summaries on the current progress in a variety of subject areas. In this volume, concise, authoritative reviews provide updates on the photocatalytic generation of solar fuels (heterogeneous systems), Photocatalytic materials for energy and environment, The photoelectrocatalytic production of solar fuels, Artificial photosynthesis (homogeneous catalysis), The photocatalytic synthesis of chemicals, Dye sensitized solar cells, Supercapacitors, Lithium ion cells, Catalytic air purification (VOCs, soot), Catalytic air purification (NOx), and more. Features comprehensive reviews on the latest developments in inorganic reaction mechanisms, a subfield of inorganic chemistry Includes contributions from leading experts in the field of inorganic reaction mechanisms Serves as an indispensable reference to advanced researchers in inorganic reaction mechanisms

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications
A Book

by Tomas R. Reina,Jose A. Odriozola

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2020-09-11
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1788017188
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to provide an overview of the design, limitations and challenges of heterogeneous catalysts for energy applications.

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry
Surface Science and Electrochemistry

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-03-29
  • Pages : 5560
  • ISBN : 0128098945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Interfacial Chemistry: Surface Science and Electrochemistry summarizes current, fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, bringing readers the latest developments in the field. As the chemical and physical properties and processes at solid and liquid interfaces are the scientific basis of so many technologies which enhance our lives and create new opportunities, its important to highlight how these technologies enable the design and optimization of functional materials for heterogeneous and electro-catalysts in food production, pollution control, energy conversion and storage, medical applications requiring biocompatibility, drug delivery, and more. This book provides an interdisciplinary view that lies at the intersection of these fields. Presents fundamental knowledge of interfacial chemistry, surface science and electrochemistry and provides cutting-edge research from academics and practitioners across various fields and global regions

Nanoporous Materials III

Nanoporous Materials III
A Book

by M. Jaroniec,Abdel Sayari

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2002-05-15
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 9780080537221
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoporous Materials III contains the invited lectures and peer-reviewed oral and poster contributions to be presented at the 3rd Conference on Nanoporous Materials, which will be hosted in Ottawa, Canada, June 2002. The work covers complementary approaches to and recent advances in the field of nanostructured materials with pore sizes larger than 1nm, such as periodic mesoporous molecular sieves M41S and FSM16 and related materials including clays, carbon molecular sieves, colloidal crystal templated organic and inorganic materials, porous polymers and sol gels. The broad range of topics covered in relation to the synthesis and characterization of ordered mesoporous materials are of great importance for advanced adsorption, catalytic and separation processes as well as the development of nanotechnology. The contents of this title are based on topics to be discussed by invited lecturers, which deal with periodic mesoporous organosilicas, stability and catalytic activity of aluminosilicate mesostructures, electron microscopy studies of ordered materials, imprinted polymers and highly porous metal-organic frameworks. The other contributions deal with tailoring the surface and structural properties of nanoporous materials, giving a detailed characterization as well as demonstrating their usefulness for advanced adsorption and catalytic applications.

Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion

Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion
Fuel Cells

by Fan Li,Sajid Bashir,Jingbo Louise Liu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-04-17
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 3662563649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The energy crisis and pollution have posed significant risks to the environment, transportation, and economy over the last century. Thus, green energy becomes one of the critical global technologies and the use of nanomaterials in these technologies is an important and active research area. This book series presents the progress and opportunities in green energy sustainability. Developments in nanoscaled electrocatalysts, solid oxide and proton exchange membrane fuel cells, lithium ion batteries, and photovoltaic techniques comprise the area of energy storage and conversion. Developments in carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and hydrogen (H2) storage using tunable structured materials are discussed. Design and characterization of new nanoscaled materials with controllable particle size, structure, shape, porosity and band gap to enhance next generation energy systems are also included. The technical topics covered in this series are metal organic frameworks, nanoparticles, nanocomposites, proton exchange membrane fuel cell catalysts, solid oxide fuel cell electrode design, trapping of carbon dioxide, and hydrogen gas storage.

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells
A Book

by San Ping Jiang,Pei Kang Shen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-12-07
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1466512504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Boasting chapters written by leading international experts, Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells provides an overview of the progress that has been made so far in the material and catalyst development for fuel cells. The book covers the most recent developments detailing all aspects of synthesis, characterization, and performance. It offers an overview on the principles, classifications, and types of fuels used in fuel cells, and discusses the critical properties, design, and advances made in various sealing materials. It provides an extensive review on the design, configuration, fabrication, modeling, materials, and stack performance of μ-SOFC technology, and addresses the advancement and challenges in the synthesis, characterization, and fundamental understanding of the catalytic activity of nitrogen-carbon, carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for PEM fuel cells. The authors explore the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique, summarize the advancements in the fundamental understanding of the most successful Nafion membranes, and focus on the development of alternative and composite membranes for direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs). They also review current challenges and consider future development in the industry. Includes 17 chapters, 262 figures, and close to 2000 references Provides an extensive review of the carbon, nitrogen-carbon, and noncarbon-based electro catalysts for fuel cells Presents an update on the latest materials development in conventional fuel cells and emerging fuel cells This text is a single-source reference on the latest advances in the nano-structured materials and electro catalysts for fuel cells, the most efficient and emerging energy conversion technologies for the twenty-first century. It serves as a valuable resource for students, materials engineers, and researchers interested in fuel cell technology.