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Cell-Based Liver Regeneration

Cell-Based Liver Regeneration
Current Aspects and Future Approaches

by Hala Gabr,Wael Abo El-Kheir

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-06-15
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9780128223406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stem cell therapy is a fast-growing field of medicine with remarkable prospects in a broad spectrum of diseases. Cell-Based Liver Regeneration: Current Aspects and Future Approaches addresses the full spectrum of regenerative medicine in liver diseases. Coverage will include the basic science, current research and a comprehensive review of clinical trials conducted in the field. The book will discuss the various types of stem cells for liver regeneration, presenting the advantages and disadvantages of each type. A review of all aspects of implanting stem cell therapy for the liver, such as: choosing the cell type, the source, laboratory manipulation, dose, route and follow-up. The book concludes with a full discussion of the current clinical trials involving cellular therapy in liver regeneration. Cell-Based Liver Regeneration: Current Aspects and Future Approaches is written for stem cell biologists, liver biologists, hepatologists and graduate students by authors with extensive knowledge in basic, pre-clinical and clinical stem cell research. Introduces basic concepts of liver regeneration Discusses the various types of stem cells used in liver regeneration Explores published and ongoing clinical trials involving cellular therapy in liver regeneration

Innovative Medicine

Innovative Medicine
Basic Research and Development

by Kazuwa Nakao,Nagahiro Minato,Shinji Uemoto

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-13
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 4431556516
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of “proof of concept”. There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Scientific Engineering of Distributed Java Applications.

Scientific Engineering of Distributed Java Applications.
Third International Workshop, FIDJI 2003, Luxembourg-Kirchberg, Luxembourg, November 27-28, 2003, Revised Papers

by Nicoals Guelfi,Egidio Astesiano,Gianna Reggio

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2004-02-18
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 9783540210917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Scientific Engineering of Distributed Java Applications, FIDJI 2003, held in Luxembourg-Kirchberg, Luxembourg in November 2003. The 213 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of two invited contributions were carefully selected during two round of reviewing and revision from 29 submissions. Among the topics addressed are Java-enabled service gateways, mobility in distributed settings, XML, embedded Java software, interception services, mobile agents, error management, software model engineering, distributed composite objects, cooperative applications, distributed mobile applications, service-based software architectures, and distributed Java programs.

Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cells and the Liver

Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cells and the Liver
A Book

by David C. Hay

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-04-12
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1578087392
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The regenerative capacity of the liver has been recognized for centuries, but when it is overwhelmed by insulting stimuli or is chronically damaged, its regenerative capability is substantially reduced or lost. Researchers have been working to find solutions to cure failing human liver function. Given the ability of stem cells to self- renew and differentiate into specialized cell liver types, they represent an attractive strategy to replace lost liver function. This book begins by outlining the complex nature of human liver disease and proceeds to examine the potential that stem cell-based approaches have to offer.

Principles of Regenerative Medicine

Principles of Regenerative Medicine
A Book

by Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza,James A. Thomson,Robert Nerem

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2010-12-16
  • Pages : 1202
  • ISBN : 9780123814234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Virtually any disease that results from malfunctioning, damaged, or failing tissues may be potentially cured through regenerative medicine therapies, by either regenerating the damaged tissues in vivo, or by growing the tissues and organs in vitro and implanting them into the patient. Principles of Regenerative Medicine discusses the latest advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and of developing therapies for previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure. Key for all researchers and instituions in Stem Cell Biology, Bioengineering, and Developmental Biology The first of its kind to offer an advanced understanding of the latest technologies in regenerative medicine New discoveries from leading researchers on restoration of diseased tissues and organs

Stem Cell-based Tissue Repair

Stem Cell-based Tissue Repair
A Book

by Raphael Gorodetsky,Richard Schäfer

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN : 1849730016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique book by leading experts reviews the key therapeutic issues related to stem cell technology.

Liver Regeneration

Liver Regeneration
A Book

by Dieter Häussinger

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Release : 2011-07-07
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 3110250799
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding the mechanisms involved in liver regeneration is of crucial importance for clinical medicine, not only regarding carcinogenesis and diabetes treatment, but also for the use of stem cells for cell therapy and liver surgery. This graduate-level text provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of liver regeneration. Hepatic stem cells are introduced and the important players involved in regeneration such as oval cells, bone marrow and stellate cells are reviewed. The cell signaling pathways that initiate liver regeneration and regulate the switch between proliferation and apoptosis are presented and the role of liver stem cells in tumorigenesis is discussed. The book also treats the epigenetic regulation of liver stem cells and the roles of inflammation and angiogenesis in liver regeneration. This compact overview of the fascinating regenerative capacity of the liver will be of interest to graduate students and post-docs in molecular biology, biochemistry and medicine.

Translational Regenerative Medicine

Translational Regenerative Medicine
A Book

by Anthony Atala,Julie Allickson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-12-01
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 0124104576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Translational Regenerative Medicine is a reference book that outlines the life cycle for effective implementation of discoveries in the dynamic field of regenerative medicine. By addressing science, technology, development, regulatory, manufacturing, intellectual property, investment, financial, and clinical aspects of the field, this work takes a holistic look at the translation of science and disseminates knowledge for practical use of regenerative medicine tools, therapeutics, and diagnostics. Incorporating contributions from leaders in the fields of translational science across academia, industry, and government, this book establishes a more fluid transition for rapid translation of research to enhance human health and well-being. Provides formulaic coverage of the landscape, process development, manufacturing, challenges, evaluation, and regulatory aspects of the most promising regenerative medicine clinical applications Covers clinical aspects of regenerative medicine related to skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, bone, fat, muscle, vascular system, hematopoietic /immune system, peripheral nerve, central nervous system, endocrine system, ophthalmic system, auditory system, oral system, respiratory system, cardiac system, renal system, hepatic system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system Identifies effective, proven tools and metrics to identify and pursue clinical and commercial regenerative medicine

Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation

Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation
A Book

by Giuseppe Orlando

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-11
  • Pages : 1050
  • ISBN : 012398520X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Regenerative Medicine Applications in Organ Transplantation illustrates exactly how these two fields are coming together and can benefit one another. It discusses technologies being developed, methods being implemented, and which of these are the most promising. The text encompasses tissue engineering, biomaterial sciences, stem cell biology, and developmental biology, all from a transplant perspective. Organ systems considered include liver, renal, intestinal, pancreatic, and more. Leaders from both fields have contributed chapters, clearly illustrating that regenerative medicine and solid organ transplantation speak the same language and that both aim for similar medical outcomes. The overall theme of the book is to provide insight into the synergy between organ transplantation and regenerative medicine. Recent groundbreaking achievements in regenerative medicine have received unprecedented coverage by the media, fueling interest and enthusiasm in transplant clinicians and researchers. Regenerative medicine is changing the premise of solid organ transplantation, requiring transplantation investigators to become familiar with regenerative medicine investigations that can be extremely relevant to their work. Similarly, regenerative medicine investigators need to be aware of the needs of the transplant field to bring these two fields together for greater results. Bridges the gap between regenerative medicine and solid organ transplantation and highlights reasons for collaboration Explains the importance and future potential of regenerative medicine to the transplant community Illustrates to regenerative medicine investigators the needs of the transplant discipline to drive and guide investigations in the most promising directions

Muse Cells

Muse Cells
Endogenous Reparative Pluripotent Stem Cells

by Mari Dezawa

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-27
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN : 4431568476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides the first comprehensive account of multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) cells, a pluripotent and non-tumorigenic subpopulation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that have the ability to detect damage signals, migrate to damaged sites, and spontaneously differentiate into cells compatible with the affected tissue, thereby enabling repair of all tissue types. The coverage encompasses everything from the basic properties of Muse cells to their tissue repair effects and potential clinical applications—for example, in acute myocardial infarction, stroke, skin injuries and ulcers, renal failure, and liver disease. An important technical chapter provides a practical and precise protocol for the isolation of Muse cells, which will enable readers to use Muse cells in their own research. In offering fascinating insights into the strategic organization of the body’s reparative function and explaining how full utilization of Muse cells may significantly enhance the effectiveness of MSC treatment, the book will be of high value for Ph.D. students, postdocs, basic researchers, clinical doctors, and industrial developers.

Liver Regeneration

Liver Regeneration
A Book

by Pedro Baptista

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2012-05-16
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9535106228
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Doctors and scientists have been aware of the "phenomenom" of liver regeneration since the time of the ancient Greeks, illustrated by the mythic tale of Prometheus' punishment. Nevertheless, true insight into its intricate mechanisms have only become available in the 20th century. Since then, the pathways and mechanisms involved in restoring the liver to its normal function after injury have been resolutely described and characterized, from the hepatic stem/progenitor cell activation and expansion to the more systemic mechanisms involving other tissues and organs like bone-marrow progenitor cell mobilization. This book describes some of the complex mechanisms involved in liver regeneration and provides examples of the most up-to-date strategies used to induce liver regeneration, both in the clinic and in the laboratory. The information presented will hopefully benefit not only professionals in the liver field, but also people in other areas of science (pharmacology, toxicology, etc) that wish to expand their knowledge of the fundamental biology that orchestrates liver injury and regeneration.

Adult Stem Cell Niches

Adult Stem Cell Niches
A Book

by Sabine Wislet

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-08-01
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 9535117181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tissue-specific stem cells have the capacity to self-renew and differentiate into several types of functional cells that replenish lost cells throughout an organism?s lifetime. Studies on stem cells from diverse systems have shown that stem cell function is controlled by extracellular cues from the niche and by intrinsic genetic programs within the stem cell. The objectives of this book would be to review the molecular mechanisms that mediate the balanced response of stem cells to the needs of the organisms. Likewise, niches have also been linked to pathologies, by imposing aberrant function on stem cells or other targets. Therefore, the second objective of this book would be to highligh the molecular dysregulation of niche biology leading to the disease. The third objective would be to review the therapeutical targets described within stem cell niches.

Regenerative Biology and Medicine

Regenerative Biology and Medicine
A Book

by David L. Stocum

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012-06-07
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 012384861X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Regenerative Biology and Medicine, Second Edition — Winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — discusses the fundamentals of regenerative biology and medicine. It provides a comprehensive overview, which integrates old and new data into an ever-clearer global picture. The book is organized into three parts. Part I discusses the mechanisms and the basic biology of regeneration, while Part II deals with the strategies of regenerative medicine developed for restoring tissue, organ, and appendage structures. Part III reflects on the achievements of regenerative biology and medicine; future challenges; bioethical issues that need to be addressed; and the most promising developments in regenerative medicine. The book is designed for multiple audiences: undergraduate students, graduate students, medical students and postdoctoral fellows, and research investigators interested in an overall synthesis of this field. It will also appeal to investigators from fields not directly related to regenerative biology and medicine, such as chemistry, informatics, computer science, mathematics, physics, and engineering. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine Includes coverage of skin, hair, teeth, cornea, and central neural tissues Provides description of regenetive medicine in digestive, respiratory, urogenital, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems Includes amphibians as powerful research models with discussion of appendage regeneration in amphibians and mammals

Hepatocyte Transplantation

Hepatocyte Transplantation
Methods and Protocols

by Peggy Stock,Bruno Christ

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2016-11-10
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 9781493965045
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume features up-to-date protocols for the isolation, preservation, and validation of various cell sources comprising large and small animal models, examining the impact of cell transplantation on acute and chronic liver diseases. Hepatocyte Transplantation: Methods and Protocols guides readers through laboratory protocols for the generation of humanized livers for the assessment of biological actions in vivo and techniques to monitor cell engraftment after cell transplantation in vivo are described and procedures for computational analyses of hepatocyte transplantation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and practical, Hepatocyte Transplantation: Methods and Protocols is an essential resource for researchers and clinicians to assess the biological as well as the therapeutic potential of hepatocyte transplantation.

Hepatic Stem Cells

Hepatic Stem Cells
Methods and Protocols

by Naoki Tanimizu

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2019-02-04
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9781493989607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume looks at the liver’s epithelial cells—hepatocytes and cholangiocytes—and their progenitors. This book is divided into five parts: isolation of progenitor cells; characterization of liver progenitors in vivo; generation of hepatocytes, cholangiocytes, and their progenitors; reconstitution of liver tissue structures; and liver injury models. The chapters in this book cover topics such as expansion of bipotential liver stem/progenitor cells (LPCs) from fetal and neonatal liver; identifying progenitor cells involved in liver regeneration in vivo; methods for generating hepatocytes and cholangiocytes from multiple cellular sources; 3D tissue structures ex vivo; and resolving hepatic fibrosis by bone marrow transplantation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and thorough, Hepatic Stem Cells: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource to help researchers understand the current theories used to study hepatic stem/progenitor cells, and aid them in performing experiments related to liver biology and pathophysiology.

Tissue Regeneration

Tissue Regeneration
A Book

by Hussein Abdelhay Essayed Kaoud

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-06-06
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 1789232600
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tissue regeneration is a vast subject, with many different important aspects to consider. Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that tries to change the course of chronic diseases and, in many cases, regenerates the organ systems that fail due to age, disease, damage, or genetic defects. The main purpose of this book is to point out the interest of some important topics of tissue regeneration and the progress in this field as well as the variety of different surgical fields and operations. This book includes 7 sections and 11 chapters that provide an overview of the essentials in tissue regeneration science and their potential applications in surgery. The authors of each chapter have given consolidated information on ground realities and attempted to provide a comprehensive knowledge of tissue engineering and regeneration. This book will be useful to researchers and students of biological and biomedical sciences (medical and veterinarian researchers).

Cells and Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine

Cells and Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine
A Book

by Daniel Eberli

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2014-11-26
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9535117319
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book serves as a good starting point for anyone interested in the application of tissue engineering. It offers a colorful mix of topics, which explain the obstacles and possible solutions for TE applications. The first part covers the use of adult stem cells and their applications. The following chapters offer an insight into the development of a tailored biomaterial for organ replacement and highlight the importance of cell-biomaterial interaction. In summary, this book offers insights into a wide variety of cells, biomaterials, interfaces and applications of the next generation biotechnology, which is tissue engineering.

Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells, Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
A Book

by David Warburton

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2014-12-15
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 9814612790
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stem cells, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are fast moving fields with vastly transformative implications for the future of health care and capital markets. This book will show the state of the art in the translational fields of stem cell biology, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The state of developments in specific organ systems, where novel solutions to organ failure are badly needed such as the lungs, kidney and so forth, are discussed in various chapters. These present and future advances are placed in the context of the overall field, offering a comprehensive and quick up-to-date drink from the fountain of knowledge in this rapidly emerging field. This book provides an investigator-level overview of the current field accessible to the educated scientific generalist as well as a college educated readership, undergraduates and science writers, educators and professionals of all kinds. Contents:Developmental Biology, Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cells: The Hope Machine is Justified (David Warburton)Towards Broader Approaches to Stem Cell Signaling and Therapeutics (Edwin Jesudason)Pluripotent Stem Cells from the Early Embryo (Claire E Cuddy and Martin F Pera)The First Cell Fate Decision During Mammalian Development (Melanie D White and Nicolas Plachta)Asymmetric Cell Divisions of Stem/Progenitor Cells (Ahmed HK El-Hashash)Microenvironmental Modulation of Stem Cell Differentiation with Focus on the Lung (Shimon Lecht, Collin T Stabler, Seda Karamil, Athanasios Mantalaris, Ali Samadikuchaksaraei, Julia M Polak and Peter I Lelkes)Smart Matrices for Distal Lung Tissue Engineering (Mark J Mondrinos and Peter I Lelkes)Skin Stem Cells and Their Roles in Skin Regeneration and Disorders (Chao-Kai Hsu, Chao-Chun Yang and Shyh-Jou Shieh)Stem Cell Recruitment and Impact in Skin Repair and Regeneration (Tim Hsu, Tai-Lan Tuan and Yun-Shain Lee)Epigenetic and Environmental Regulation of Skin Appendage Regeneration (Ting-Xin Jiang, Chih-Chiang Chen, Michael W Hughes, Cheng-Ming Chuong and Randall Widelitz)Cranial Neural Crest: An Extraordinarily Migratory and Multipotent Embryonic Cell Population (Samuel G Cox and J Gage Crump)Modeling Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neurodevelopmental Disorders with Reprogrammed Cells (Kate E Galloway and Justin K Ichida)Cytokine Regulation of Intestinal Stem Cells (Philip E Dubé, Unice J K Soh and D Brent Polk)The Intestinal Stem Cell Niche and Its Regulation by ErbB Growth Factor Receptors (Dana Almohazey and Mark R Frey)Tissue Engineering: Intestine (Avafia Y Dossa, Kathy A Schall, Tracy C Grikscheit and Christopher P Gayer)Liver Stem and Progenitor Cells in Development, Disease and Regenerative Medicine (Nirmala Mavila and Kasper S Wang)Lung Mesenchymal Stem Cells (Wei Shi)FGF Signaling in Lung Stem and Progenitor Cells (Soula Danopoulos and Denise Al Alam)Bioengineering Distal Airways (Christine Finck and Todd Jensen)The Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Cancer Stem Cells (Aggressive Endophenotypes) in Individual Lung Cancers (Raj K Batra, Scott Oh and Saroj Basak)Mesenchymal Stromal Cell-Based Therapies for Lung Diseases and Critical Illnesses (Fernanda Cruz, Patricia RM Rocco and Daniel J Weiss)Heart Regeneration and Repair: What We Have Learned from Model Organisms (Laurent Gamba, Michael R Harrison and Ching-Ling Lien)Leveraging Structure-Based Rational Drug Design and Nanotechnology to Destroy Leukemic Stem Cells (Fatih M Uckun, Jianjun Cheng, Cheney Mao and Sanjive Qazi)Placenta-Derived Stem Cells: Development and Preclinical Applications for Regenerative Medicine (Jennifer Izumi Divine, Hee Kyung Jung and Toshio Miki)Stem Cells in the Real World: Environmental Impacts (Theresa M Bastain, Lu Gao and Frank D Gilliland)Establishing a Research Grade Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Laboratory (Laura-Marie Nucho and Victoria Fox) Readership: Stem cell and tissue engineering scientists, patient advocates, educated laypeople, high school science students, undergraduate students, graduate students, physicians and surgeons. Key Features:This book presents up-to-date latest breakthroughs and near future applicationsBench to bedsideThis book features potential curesKeywords:Stem Cells;Tissue Engineering;Regenerative Medicine

Liver Pathophysiology

Liver Pathophysiology
Therapies and Antioxidants

by Pablo Muriel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-03-02
  • Pages : 914
  • ISBN : 0128043210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Liver Pathophysiology: Therapies and Antioxidants is a complete volume on morphology, physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and treatment of liver diseases. It uses an integral approach towards the role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of hepatic injury, and how their deleterious effects may be abrogated by the use of antioxidants. Written by the most prominent authors in the field, this book will be of use to basic and clinical scientists and clinicians working in the biological sciences, especially those dedicated to the study and treatment of liver pathologies. Presents the most recent advances in hepatology, with a special focus on the role of oxidative stress in liver injury. Provides in vivo and in vitro models to study human liver pathology. Explains the beneficial effects of antioxidants on liver diseases. Contains the most recent and modern treatments of hepatic pathologies, including, but not limited to, stem cells repopulation, gene therapy and liver transplantation.

Principles of Tissue Engineering

Principles of Tissue Engineering
A Book

by Robert Lanza,Robert Langer,Joseph P. Vacanti

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2000-05-16
  • Pages : 995
  • ISBN : 008053967X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The opportunity that tissue engineering provides for medicine is extraordinary. In the United States alone, over half-a-trillion dollars are spent each year to care for patients who suffer from tissue loss or dysfunction. Although numerous books and reviews have been written on tissue engineering, none has been as comprehensive in its defining of the field. Principles of Tissue Engineering combines in one volume the prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, the tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs, as well as a presentation of applications of tissue engineering to diseases affecting specific organ systems. The first edition of the book, published in 1997, is the definite reference in the field. Since that time, however, the discipline has grown tremendously, and few experts would have been able to predict the explosion in our knowledge of gene expression, cell growth and differentiation, the variety of stem cells, new polymers and materials that are now available, or even the successful introduction of the first tissue-engineered products into the marketplace. There was a need for a new edition, and this need has been met with a product that defines and captures the sense of excitement, understanding and anticipation that has followed from the evolution of this fascinating and important field. Key Features * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research on all of the major systems of the human body, e.g., skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Essential to anyone working in the field * Educates and directs both the novice and advanced researcher * Provides vast, detailed analysis of research with all of the major systems of the human body, e.g. skin, muscle, cardiovascular, hematopoietic, and nerves * Has new chapters written by leaders in the latest areas of research, such as fetal tissue engineering and the universal cell * Considered the definitive reference in the field * List of contributors reads like a "who's who" of tissue engineering, and includes Robert Langer, Joseph Vacanti, Charles Vacanti, Robert Nerem, A. Hari Reddi, Gail Naughton, George Whitesides, Doug Lauffenburger, and Eugene Bell, among others