Download Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants Ebook PDF

Changing Climate and Resource use Efficiency in Plants

Changing Climate and Resource use Efficiency in Plants
A Book

by Amitav Bhattacharya

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-11-01
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 0128168374
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants reviews the efficiencies for resource use by crop plants under different climatic conditions. This book focuses on the challenges and potential remediation methods for a variety of resource factors. Chapters deal with the effects of different climatic conditions on agriculture, radiation use efficiency under various climatic conditions, the efficiency of water and its impact on harvest production under restricted soil moisture conditions, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency in different environmental conditions under the influence of climate change, and various aspects of improving phosphorus use efficiency. The book provides guidance for researchers engaged in plant science studies, particularly Plant/Crop Physiology, Agronomy, Plant Breeding and Molecular Breeding. In addition, it provides valuable insights for policymakers, administrators, plant-based companies and agribusiness companies. Explores climatic effects on agriculture through radiation, water, nitrogen, and phosphorus-use efficiency Guides the planning and research of, and recommendations for, fertilizer application for different crops under various climatic conditions Discusses efficiency improvements for plant and molecular breeders seeking to maximize resource use

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture
A Book

by Sandeep Kumar,Ram Swaroop Meena,Manoj Kumar Jhariya

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN : 9811569533
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Achieving zero hunger and food security is a top priority in the United Nations Development Goals (UNDGs). In an era characterized by high population growth and increasing pressure on agricultural systems, efficiency in the use of natural resources has become central to sustainable agricultural practices. Fundamentally speaking, eco-efficiency is about maximizing agricultural outputs, in terms of quantity and quality, using less land, water, nutrients, energy, labor, or capital. The concept of eco-efficiency involves both the ecological and economic aspects of sustainable agriculture. It is therefore essential to understand the interaction of ecosystem constituents within the extensive agricultural landscape, as well as farmers economic needs. This book examines the latest eco-efficient practices used in agro-systems. Drawing upon research and examples from around the world, it offers an up-to-date overview, together with insights into directly applicable approaches for poly-cropping systems and landscape-scale management to improve the stability of agricultural production systems, helping achieve food security. The book will be of interest to educators, researchers, climate change scientists, capacity builders and policymakers alike. It can also be used as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate courses on agriculture, forestry, soil science, and the environmental sciences.

Food Security and Climate Change

Food Security and Climate Change
A Book

by Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Andreas W. Ebert,Danny Hunter

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-12-14
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 1119180651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book looks at the current state of food security and climate change, discusses the issues that are affecting them, and the actions required to ensure there will be enough food for the future. By casting a much wider net than most previously published books—to include select novel approaches, techniques, genes from crop diverse genetic resources or relatives—it shows how agriculture may still be able to triumph over the very real threat of climate change. Food Security and Climate Change integrates various challenges posed by changing climate, increasing population, sustainability in crop productivity, demand for food grains to sustain food security, and the anticipated future need for nutritious quality foods. It looks at individual factors resulting from climate change, including rising carbon emission levels, increasing temperature, disruptions in rainfall patterns, drought, and their combined impact on planting environments, crop adaptation, production, and management. The role of plant genetic resources, breeding technologies of crops, biotechnologies, and integrated farm management and agronomic good practices are included, and demonstrate the significance of food grain production in achieving food security during climate change. Food Security and Climate Change is an excellent book for researchers, scientists, students, and policy makers involved in agricultural science and technology, as well as those concerned with the effects of climate change on our environment and the food industry.

Contemporary Environmental Issues and Challenges in Era of Climate Change

Contemporary Environmental Issues and Challenges in Era of Climate Change
A Book

by Pooja Singh,Rajeev Pratap Singh,Vaibhav Srivastava

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-16
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN : 9813295953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Over the last few decades, unprecedented global population growth has led to increased demand for food and shelter. At the same time, extraction of natural resources beyond the Earth’s resilience capacity has had a devastating effect on ecosystems and environmental health. Furthermore, climate change is having a significant impact in a number of areas, including the global hydrological cycle, ecosystem functioning, coastal vulnerability, forest ecology, food security, and agricultural sustainability. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), only immediate and sustained action will prevent climate change causing irreversible and potentially catastrophic damage to our environment. This book presents various scientific views and concepts, research, reviews, and case studies on contemporary environmental issues in changing climate scenarios and highlights different adaptation measures. Increasing awareness of modern-day patterns of climate change, it addresses questions often raised by environmental scientists, researchers, policymakers and general readers.

Soil Water Deficit and Physiological Issues in Plants

Soil Water Deficit and Physiological Issues in Plants
A Book

by Amitav Bhattacharya

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-02-25
  • Pages : 702
  • ISBN : 9813362766
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book explores the impact of soil water deficiency on various aspects of physiological processes in plants. The book explains the effects under soil water deficit condition such as lowering of plant water content, disturbance in carbon metabolism such in photosynthesis, photorespiration and respiration as well as effects of soil water deficit on nitrogen metabolism. The book also educates the readers about, mineral nutrition under soil water deficit condition and roles of different nutrient to overcome water deficit. Changes in growth and development pattern of plant under soil water deficit condition and effects on growth and development are elaborated. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, scientists in botany and agriculture. Also the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, forestry, ecology, soil science, and environmental sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policy makers will also find this to be a useful read. The in depth description of the major physiological issues in plants under soil water deficit that are presented in this book will help breeders tailoring crops for desirable physiological survival traits in the face of increasing soil water deficit. This book is an impactful addition to the library of any faculty members, researchers, agricultural policy planner, post graduate or student studying in plant physiology, biochemistry, microbiology and other subjects related to crop husbandry.

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology
Experience and Future Prospects

by Agnès Ricroch,Surinder Chopra,Shelby J. Fleischer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-07-11
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN : 331906892X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Written in easy to follow language, the book presents cutting-edge agriculturally relevant plant biotechnologies and applications in a manner that is accessible to all. This book introduces the scope and method of plant biotechnologies and molecular breeding within the context of environmental analysis and assessment, a diminishing supply of productive arable land, scarce water resources and climate change. Authors who have studied how agro ecosystems have changed during the first decade and a half of commercial deployment review effects and stress needs that must be considered to make these tools sustainable.

Plant-Soil Interactions under Changing Climate

Plant-Soil Interactions under Changing Climate
A Book

by Sanna Sevanto,Charlotte Grossiord,Sasha C. Reed,Tamir Klein

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-02-04
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889664554
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops

The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops
A Book

by Malcolm J. Hawkesford,Peter Barraclough

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-20
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 047096068X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Efforts to increase efficient nutrient use by crops are of growing importance as the global demand for food, fibre and fuel increases and competition for resources intensifies. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops provides both a timely summary of the latest advances in the field as well as anticipating directions for future research. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops bridges the gap between agronomic practice and molecular biology by linking underpinning molecular mechanisms to the physiological and agronomic aspects of crop yield. These chapters provide an understanding of molecular and physiological mechanisms that will allow researchers to continue to target and improve complex traits for crop improvement. Written by leading international researchers, The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops will be an essential resource for the crop science community for years to come. Special Features: coalesces current knowledge in the areas of efficient acquisition and utilization of nutrients by crop plants with emphasis on modern developments addresses future directions in crop nutrition in the light of changing climate patterns including temperature and water availability bridges the gap between traditional agronomy and molecular biology with focus on underpinning molecular mechanisms and their effects on crop yield includes contributions from a leading team of global experts in both research and practical settings

A Nexus Approach for Sustainable Development

A Nexus Approach for Sustainable Development
Integrated Resources Management in Resilient Cities and Multifunctional Land-use Systems

by Stephan Hülsmann,Mahesh Jampani

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-11-10
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 3030575306
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book explores how integrated management of environmental resources via a nexus approach can help in achieving the respective Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It provides conceptual considerations but mainly practical examples on how to implement a nexus approach in cities and multifunctional land-use systems to increase resource use efficiency and develop a low carbon economy. After sketching out the background and conceptual outline, contributions to the book explore key aspects of the nexus implementation. Specifically, they • Demonstrate how to sustainably use organic waste and wastewater for agriculture, • Explore examples on how to manage multifunctional land-use systems including multipurpose reservoirs, • Highlight the importance of economic incentives for successful nexus implementation, and • Provide a comprehensive perspective on challenges and opportunities of implementation, considering peer-to-peer learning, indigenous knowledge, and stakeholder participation. The chapters in this book shed a new light on key aspects of the interrelation between SDGs and the nexus approach in resilient cities and multifunctional land-use systems, and provide specific examples on how to advance sustainable resources management.

Developing Climate-Resilient Crops

Developing Climate-Resilient Crops
Improving Global Food Security and Safety

by Shah Fahad,Osman Sonmez,Shah Saud,Depeng Wang,Chao Wu,Muhammad Adnan,Veysel Turan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-07-23
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 1000380963
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Developing Climate-Resilient Crops: Improving Global Food Security and Safety is timely, as the world is gradually waking up to the fact that a global food crisis of enormous proportions is brewing. Climate change is creating immense problems for agricultural productivity worldwide, resulting in higher food prices. This book elucidates the causative aspects of climate modification related to agriculture, soil, and plants, and discusses the relevant resulting mitigation process and also how new tools and resources can be used to develop climate-resilient crops. Features: Addresses the limits of the anthropogenic global warming theory advocated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Presents the main characters (drought tolerance, heat tolerance, water-use efficiency, disease resistance, nitrogen-use efficiency, nitrogen fixation, and carbon sequestration) necessary for climate-resilient agriculture Delivers both theoretical and practical aspects, and serves as baseline information for future research Provides valuable resource for those students engaged in the field of environmental sciences, soil sciences, agricultural microbiology, plant pathology, and agronomy Highlights factors that are threatening future food production

Sustainable Bioeconomy

Sustainable Bioeconomy
Pathways to Sustainable Development Goals

by V. Venkatramanan,Shachi Shah,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 337
  • ISBN : 9811573212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Sustainable development is the most important challenge facing humanity in the 21st century. The global economic growth in the recent past has indeed exhibited marked progress in many countries. Nevertheless, the issues of income disparity, poverty, gender gaps, and malnutrition are not uncommon in the global landscape, in spite of the upward growth of the economy and technological advances. This grim picture is further exacerbated by our growing human population, unmindful resource use, ever-increasing consumption trends, and changing climate. In order to protect humanity and preserve the planet, the United Nations issued the "2030 agenda for sustainable development," which includes but is not limited to sustainable production and consumption practices, e.g. in a sustainable bioeconomy. The hallmark of the sustainable bioeconomy is a paradigm shift from a fossil-fuel-based economy to a biological-based one, which is driven by the virtues of sustainability, efficient utilization of resources, and "circular economy." As the sustainable bioeconomy is based on the efficient utilization of biological resources and societal transformations, it holds the immense potential to achieve the UNs Sustainable Development Goals. This book shares valuable insights into the linkages between the sustainable bioeconomy and Sustainable Development Goals, making it an essential read for policymakers, researchers and students of environmental studies

Food Security and Climate Change

Food Security and Climate Change
A Book

by Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Andreas W. Ebert,Danny Hunter

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2019-03-04
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 1119180643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book looks at the current state of food security and climate change, discusses the issues that are affecting them, and the actions required to ensure there will be enough food for the future. By casting a much wider net than most previously published books—to include select novel approaches, techniques, genes from crop diverse genetic resources or relatives—it shows how agriculture may still be able to triumph over the very real threat of climate change. Food Security and Climate Change integrates various challenges posed by changing climate, increasing population, sustainability in crop productivity, demand for food grains to sustain food security, and the anticipated future need for nutritious quality foods. It looks at individual factors resulting from climate change, including rising carbon emission levels, increasing temperature, disruptions in rainfall patterns, drought, and their combined impact on planting environments, crop adaptation, production, and management. The role of plant genetic resources, breeding technologies of crops, biotechnologies, and integrated farm management and agronomic good practices are included, and demonstrate the significance of food grain production in achieving food security during climate change. Food Security and Climate Change is an excellent book for researchers, scientists, students, and policy makers involved in agricultural science and technology, as well as those concerned with the effects of climate change on our environment and the food industry.

Plant Breeding in the Omics Era

Plant Breeding in the Omics Era
A Book

by Rodomiro Ortiz Ríos

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-09-16
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 3319205323
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

​The field of plant breeding has grown rapidly in the last decade with breakthrough research in genetics and genomics, inbred development, population improvement, hybrids, clones, self-pollinated crops, polyploidy, transgenic breeding and more. This book discusses the latest developments in all these areas but explores the next generation of needs and discoveries including omics beyond genomics, cultivar seeds and intellectual and property rights. This book is a leading-edge publication of the latest results and forecasts important areas of future needs and applications.​

Combating Climate Change

Combating Climate Change
An Agricultural Perspective

by Manjit S. Kang,Surinder S. Banga

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-03-26
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1466566701
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The effects of climate change can already be felt around the world, and they will likely impact all facets of human civilization—from health, livelihood security, agricultural production, and shelter to international trade. Since anthropogenic factors are mainly to blame for the current trends in global warming, human intervention will be necessary to mitigate it. With 17 authoritative chapters, Combating Climate Change: An Agricultural Perspective outlines a framework for preparing agriculture for climate change, presenting the causes and consequences of climate change and possible remediation measures. With contributions from internationally recognized scientists, the chapters cover global food security, adaptation of agriculture to fulfill its greenhouse gas emissions mitigation potential, economic aspects of climate change, the soil organic carbon pool, the need for agroecological intelligence, and the development of nutrient-use-efficient crops. The text also addresses genetic mitigation of climate change effects through the development of climate-resilient crops and the use of genetic and genomic resources to develop highly productive crop cultivars, as well as the conservation of native agroecosystems. Expert contributors discuss the impacts of climate change on plant pathogens and plant disease as well as on insects and crop losses. They address abiotic stress resistance, conservation tillage as a mitigation strategy, and more. The final chapter demonstrates the practical use of the WorldClim and DIVA software for modeling current and future climates, using Timor Leste and India as examples. Covering a broad range of issues related to climate change and agriculture, this book brings together ideas for environmentally friendly technologies and opportunities to further increase and stabilize global agricultural productivity and ensure food security in face of mounting climate challenge.

Water Resources in a Variable and Changing Climate

Water Resources in a Variable and Changing Climate
A Book

by Simon Beecham,Julia Piantadosi

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-10-04
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 3038420832
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Water Resources in a Variable and Changing Climate" that was published in Water

Advances in Climate Change and Global Warming Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Advances in Climate Change and Global Warming Research and Application: 2013 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 868
  • ISBN : 1481669990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Advances in Climate Change and Global Warming Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Aerosol Forcing. The editors have built Advances in Climate Change and Global Warming Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Aerosol Forcing in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Climate Change and Global Warming Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change

Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change
Preparing Australian Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries for the Future

by Chris Stokes,Mark Howden

  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release : 2010-02-15
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0643102051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change is a fundamental resource for primary industry professionals, land managers, policy makers, researchers and students involved in preparing Australia’s primary industries for the challenges and opportunities of climate change. More than 30 authors have contributed to this book, which moves beyond describing the causes and consequences of climate change to providing options for people to work towards adaptation action. Climate change implications and adaptation options are given for the key Australian primary industries of horticulture, forestry, grains, rice, sugarcane, cotton, viticulture, broadacre grazing, intensive livestock industries, marine fisheries, and aquaculture and water resources. Case studies demonstrate the options for each industry. Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change summarises updated climate change scenarios for Australia with the latest climate science. It includes chapters on socio-economic and institutional considerations for adapting to climate change, greenhouse gas emissions sources and sinks, as well as risks and priorities for the future.

Plant Adaptation Strategies in Changing Environment

Plant Adaptation Strategies in Changing Environment
A Book

by Vertika Shukla,Sanjeev Kumar,Narendra Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-29
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9811067449
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book addresses the crucial aspects of plant adaptation strategies in higher as well as lower plant groups. Stress induced by changing environmental conditions disrupts or alter various physiological and metabolic processes in organisms, however, plants have evolved various defence strategies to cope with external perturbations. The book discusses speciation changes in response to extreme ecological conditions such as cold, heat, aridity, salinity, altitude, incidental UV radiation and high light intensity, which are particularly relevant in the current scenario of global warming. It also explores the effects of human activities and emission of phytotoxic gases. Further, it describes the overall adaptation strategies and the multifaceted mechanisms involved (integrated complex mechanism), ranging from morphological to molecular alterations, focusing on plants’ capabilities to create an inner environment to survive the altered or extreme conditions. This book is a valuable tool for graduate and research students, as well as for anyone working on or interested in adaptation strategies in plants.

Global Climate Change: Resilient and Smart Agriculture

Global Climate Change: Resilient and Smart Agriculture
A Book

by V. Venkatramanan,Shachi Shah,Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-18
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 9813298561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides essential insights into methods and practices of ‘Climate-smart Agriculture,’ which is driven by the principles of climate resilience and smart resource use in agricultural production. Climate-smart agriculture is a key policy instrument for achieving poverty eradication and a hunger-free world, as well as mitigating the effects of climate change. This book discusses in detail climate-smart agricultural technologies and practices that can reduce the vulnerability of agricultural systems, improve the livelihoods of farmers and other stakeholders, and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from crop production and livestock husbandry. The agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector produces roughly 10–12 gigatons of CO2-equivalent per year; therefore, sustainable practices for agriculture and related land use hold immense potential to mitigate climate change. The potential impacts of climate variability and climate change on agriculture are extensively documented and articulated, especially with regard to global and national environmental agendas that call for innovation, transformation and climate-resilient advances in agriculture. As the book demonstrates, climate-smart agriculture offers an excellent tool for boosting agricultural output to feed the growing global population; for reducing greenhouse gases emissions from agriculture and other land use; and for protecting agricultural production systems from the impending dangers of climate change.

Plant Abiotic Stress Physiology

Plant Abiotic Stress Physiology
Volume 1: Responses and Adaptations

by Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Tariq Aftab

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2022-02-17
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 1000400735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This two-volume set highlights the various innovative and emerging techniques and molecular applications that are currently being used in plant abiotic stress physiology. Volume 1: Responses and Adaptations focuses on the responses and adaptations of plants to stress factors at the cellular and molecular levels and offers a variety of advanced management strategies and technologies. Volume 2: Molecular Advancements introduces a range of state-of-the-art molecular advances for the mitigation of abiotic stress in plants. With contributions from specialists in the field, Volume 1 first discusses the physiology and defense mechanisms of plants and the various kinds of stress, such as from challenging environments, climate change, and nutritional deficiencies. It goes on to discuss trailblazing management techniques that include genetics approaches for improving abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants along with CRISPR/CAS-mediated genome editing technologies. Volume 2 discusses how plants have developed diverse physiological and molecular adjustments to safeguard themselves under challenging conditions and how emerging new technologies can utilize these plant adaptations to enhance plant resistance. These include using plant-environment interactions to develop crop species that are resilient to climate change, applying genomics and phenomics approaches from the study of abiotic stress tolerance and more. Agriculture today faces countless challenges to meet the rising need for sustainable food supplies and guarantees of high-quality nourishment for a quickly increasing population. To ensure sufficient food production, it is necessary to address the difficult environmental circumstances that are causing cellular oxidative stress in plants due to abiotic factors, which play a defining role in shaping yield of crop plants. These two volumes help to meet these challenges by providing a rich source of information on plant abiotic stress physiology and effective management techniques.