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Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater

Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater
A Book

by Himanshu Patel,R. T. Vashi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-05-23
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 0128025654
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization and Treatment of Textile Wastewater covers fundamental knowledge of characterization of textile wastewater and adsorbents; naturally prepared adsorption and coagulation process for removal of COD, BOD and color. This book is intended for everyone actively working on the environment, especially for researchers in textile wastewater, as the problem of disposal of textile influent is worldwide. Potential technical environmental persons like engineers, project managers, consultants, and water analysts will find this book immediately useful for fine-tuning performance and reliability. This book will also be of interest to individuals who want effective knowledge of wastewater, adsorption and coagulation. Includes definitions of pollutions, sources of wastewater in textile wastewater, various treatment methods, remedial measures and effect of waste Examines research carried out and in progress worldwide by different researchers Covers sampling procedures and determination of various parameters of textile wastewater

Textile Dyeing Wastewaters

Textile Dyeing Wastewaters
Characterization and Treatment

by Roderick H. Horning

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Fibres and Textiles

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles
A Book

by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-05-29
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0081020422
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Fibres and Textiles provides a whole-lifecycle approach to the subject of sustainable textiles, from fiber production, through manufacturing and low-energy care and recycling. The scientific, industrial, regulatory and social aspects of this lifecycle are explored by an expert author team who bring global perspectives to this important subject. The first part of the book provides detailed coverage of the sustainable production of textiles, with chapters devoted to each of the main fiber types, including new biosynthetic fibers, such as textiles produced from Polylactic Acid (PLA). The second part examines sustainable production methods, focusing on low carbon production technologies and sustainable, low-pollution methods of processing and dyeing fabrics. The final sections explore the benefits of textiles designed to enable low-energy fabric care via both finishes used to treat the fabric and better care labelling. Re-use and recycling options are also covered, as are ethical aspects, such as fair trade fabrics. Presents an integrated understanding of sustainability through the whole supply-chain – from agriculture, through manufacturing and fabric care, to recycling Teachers users how to make optimal choices of fiber and manufacturing technologies to achieve the sustainable production of high-quality apparel and other textile products Provides a wider understanding of emerging regulatory frameworks that will shape the future of sustainable textiles

Environmental Chemistry of Dyes and Pigments

Environmental Chemistry of Dyes and Pigments
A Book

by Abraham Reife,Harold S. Freeman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1996-01-05
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780471589273
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last two decades the EPA and other national andinternational agencies have placed increasingly strict regulationson the manufacture and use of synthetic colorants. The pigment anddye industry has had to develop the technology necessary to analyzeand remediate pollutants in wastewater. Although these efforts haveproduced a considerable volume of information, until now, no singlebook has provided an organized, comprehensive treatment of theenvironmental chemistry of synthetic colorants. Environmental Chemistry of Dyes and Pigments is the firstcomprehensive reference to address the environmental problems posedby synthetic colorants, and to provide a forum for the solutionsproposed by industry, government, and academia. Focusing ondevelopments in the field over the past two decades, it deals withall aspects of colored wastewater treatment, the disposal of dyes,analytical methods, toxicity, and regulatory questions. In its coverage of wastewater treatment, this book addresses boththe most commonly used methods and those specifically designed toaddress pollution problems at the source by analyzing for andremoving dyes and pollutants from wastewater effluent. Throughout,real-world data on a wide variety of dyes and dye intermediates isprovided, as well as cost-effective strategies for dealing withwastewater treatment. In addition, several chapters are devoted to the perspectives ofnational and international experts on regulations governing themanufacture, handling, use, and disposal of synthetic dyes andpigments. The impact these regulations have had on both U.S. andforeign industry is also discussed. A complete, comprehensive, and up-to-date guide to pollutionprevention in the dyestuff and textile industries Environmental Chemistry of Dyes and Pigments is the onlyself-contained volume that focuses on the environmental impact ofsynthetic dyes and pigments. Contributions by international expertsfrom industry, academia, and government make this an indispensablebook for anyone dealing with the environmental problems posed bysynthetic colorants. It covers the entire range of environmentalissues, from waste treatment and analysis to pollution preventionand government regulations. Covers the latest wastewater treatment methods Shows how to use recycling and reusing methods effectively, whilecutting production costs Describes state-of-the-art technology, including the PACT(r)system Explains analysis techniques, including spectrometry andionization Covers legislative issues and the regulatory status of variouscompounds in both the United States and abroad Examines the various pollution prevention programs instituted bygovernment and industry Bridging the gap between industrial interests and environmentalconcerns, Environmental Chemistry of Dyes and Pigments stands as aninvaluable resource for scientists, researchers, and engineers inthe textile and dyestuff industries, and in the environmentalsciences. It is also an extremely useful text for environmentalscience students.

Handbook of Textile Effluent Remediation

Handbook of Textile Effluent Remediation
A Book

by Mohd Yusuf

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-07-11
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 042901239X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nowadays, textile units utilize a number of dyes, chemicals, reagents, and solvents to impart the desired quality to fabrics, and generate a substantial quantity of effluents/contaminants, which cause severe environmental problems if disposed of without proper treatment. In view of several surveys carried out through research papers, books, technical articles, and general reports published in high-repute academic societies, Handbook of Textile Effluent Remediation provides a detailed narration of the acceptable methods of treating textile wastewater, such as active ozonation, membrane filtration, and adsorption. The book discusses emerging and suitable treatment systems that are viable, efficient, and economical. In this context, it provides an array of several traditional as well as advanced treatment practices for textile effluents. It covers research-oriented descriptions of textile wastewater treatment that can be adopted by scientific communities, academicians, and undergraduate and postgraduate students of industrial engineering, materials science and engineering, physics, and chemistry. It offers several interesting methodologies and aspects of current dimensional research through user-friendly content, tables, and figures and provides up-to-date literature on important and useful information for textile effluents, their impact on the environment, and advanced remediation processes. Needless to say, this book is of immense use to global researchers, academicians, and consultants engaged in various streams of wastewater treatment science.

Advanced Functional Textiles and Polymers

Advanced Functional Textiles and Polymers
Fabrication, Processing and Applications

by Shahid Ul-Islam,B. S. Butola

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-11-12
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1119605792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book on advanced functional textiles and polymers will offer a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research in newly discovered areas such as flame retardant textiles, antimicrobial textiles, insect repellent textiles, aroma textiles, medical-textiles, smart textiles, and nano-textiles etc. The second part the book provides innovative fabrication strategies, unique methodologies and overview of latest novel agents employed in the research and development of functional polymers.

Water in Textiles and Fashion

Water in Textiles and Fashion
Consumption, Footprint, and Life Cycle Assessment

by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-26
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 0081026544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water in Textiles and Apparel: Consumption, Footprint, and Life Cycle Assessment provides a thorough analysis of one of the most urgent issues facing the textiles industry. As water is essential to the textile production system, and as availability of water is reduced due to natural and anthropogenic factors, the industry must respond. With a thorough treatment of both life cycle assessment and water footprint perspectives, this book provides practical strategies for responsible water use across the textile supply chain. Readers will learn essential information from research and industry case studies that will help them understand the textile industry’s role in this issue. Combines different perspectives, life cycle assessment, government policies, businesses strategies, and case studies to provide a holistic view on the topic Addresses water consumption in every life cycle phase of textile production Explores emerging strategies for water conservation in the textiles sector

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Biological Treatment of Industrial Effluents

by Duu-Jong Lee,Patrick C. Hallenbeck,Hao Huu Ngo,Veeriah Jegatheesan,Ashok Pandey

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-09-19
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 0444636765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Biological Treatment of Industrial Effluents provides extensive coverage of new developments, state-of-the-art technologies, and potential future trends in data-based scientific knowledge and advanced information on the role and application of environmental biotechnology and engineering in the treatment of industrial effluents. These treatment processes have been broadly classified under aerobic and anaerobic processes which determines the scope and level of pollutant removal. Chapters in this volume review the most recent developments and perspectives at different environmental cleanup operation scales. Outlines available biochemical processes for the treatment of solid industrial waste Covers aerobic and anaerobic treatments, their mechanisms, and selection criteria Highlights specific industrial applications, such as anammox processes

Membrane Technology

Membrane Technology
Sustainable Solutions in Water, Health, Energy and Environmental Sectors

by Sundergopal Sridhar

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 541
  • ISBN : 1351601830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contributed by multiple experts, the book covers the scientific and engineering aspects of membrane processes and systems. It aims to cover basic concepts of novel membrane processes including membrane bioreactors, microbial fuel cell, forward osmosis, electro-dialysis and membrane contactors. Maintains a pragmatic approach involving design, operation and cost analysis of pilot plants as well as scaled-up counterparts

Mycoremediation and Environmental Sustainability

Mycoremediation and Environmental Sustainability
A Book

by Ram Prasad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-01-14
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 3319689576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms' metabolism to degrade waste contaminants (sewage, domestic, and industrial effluents) into non-toxic or less toxic materials by natural biological processes. Remediation through fungi—or mycoremediation—has multifarious possibilities in applied remediation engineering and the future of environmental sustainability. Fungi have the biochemical and ecological capability to degrade environmental organic chemicals and to decrease the risk associated with metals, semi-metals, noble metals, and radionuclides, either by chemical modification or by manipulating chemical bioavailability. Additionally, the capability of these fungi to form extended mycelia networks, the low specificity of their catabolic enzymes, and their using pollutants as a growth substrate make these fungi well suited for bioremediation processes. Their mycelia exhibit the robustness of adapting to highly limiting environmental conditions often experienced in the presence of persistent pollutants, which makes them more useful compared to other microbes. However, despite dominating the living biomass in soil and being abundant in aquatic ecosystems, fungi have not been exploited for the bioremediation of such environments. This book covers the various types of fungi and associated fungal processes used to clean up waste and wastewaters in contaminated environments and discusses future potential applications.

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management

Handbook of Advanced Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Management
A Book

by Lawrence K. Wang,Mu-Hao S. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Nazih K. Shammas,Jiaping Paul Chen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-10-30
  • Pages : 1174
  • ISBN : 146651342X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides in-depth coverage of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends in waste treatment processes. It delineates methodologies, technologies, and the regional and global effects of important pollution control practices. It focuses on specific industrial and manufacturing wastes and their remediation. Topics include: heavy metals, electronics, chemical, and textile manufacturing.

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures
Growth, Properties, and Devices

by Zainovia Lockman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 1351266713
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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1-D metal oxide nanostructures, especially those with semiconducting properties, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their potential and emerging applications, specifically in environment purification and energy devices. For these applications, there have been many efforts to grow 1-D nanostructures in the form of nanotubes, nanorods, and nanowires using processes that conserve energy, are cost effective, and can be scaled up for large-scale production. 1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures gathers under one title the most recent development of oxide nanomaterials, especially those fabricated via oxidation process in the nanoscale field. Thermal and anodic oxidation processes are reviewed with an aim to offer an in-depth understanding of mechanisms of 1-D nanostructure formation, their characteristics, and limitations. Other more common methods are also discussed, including sol-gel, hydrothermal, and other templated methods. Important applications of 1-D nanostructures are then presented, focusing on oxides like zinc oxide, titanium oxide, zirconium oxide, copper oxide, and iron oxide. A chapter on carbon nanotubes hybrid with these oxides is also included as well as one on silicon oxide nanowires formation by local anodic oxidation process. Aimed at researchers, academics, and engineers working across the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, semiconductors, and environmental and biomedical engineering, this essential reference enables readers to grasp the main concepts of nanomaterials in 1-D: formation technique, characteristics, and uses. It also encourages practical innovations in nanotechnology, especially in curbing pressing global issues related to energy, environment, and security.

Advanced Biological Treatment Processes for Industrial Wastewaters

Advanced Biological Treatment Processes for Industrial Wastewaters
A Book

by Francisco J. Cervantes,Spyros G. Pavlostathis,Adrianus van Haandel

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2006-06-30
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1843391147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Biological Treatment Processes for Industrial Wastewaters provides unique information relative to both the principles and applications of biological wastewater treatment systems for industrial effluents. Case studies document the application of biological wastewater treatment systems in different industrial sectors such as chemical, petrochemical, food-processing, mining, textile and fermentation. With more than 70 tables, 100 figures, 200 equations and several illustrations, the book provides a broad and deep understanding of the main aspects to consider during the design and operation of industrial wastewater treatment plants. Students, researchers and practitioners dealing with the design and application of biological systems for industrial wastewater treatment will find this book invaluable.

Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Abdul Wahab Mohammad,Wei Lun Ang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-25
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN : 0128230568
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tackling the issue of water and wastewater treatment nowadays requires novel approaches to ensure that sustainable development can be achieved. Water and wastewater treatment should not be seen only as an end-of-pipe solution but instead the approach should be more holistic and lead to a more sustainable process. This requires the integration of various methods/processes to obtain the most optimized design. Integrated and Hybrid Process Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment discusses the state-of-the-art development in integrated and hybrid treatment processes and their applications to the treatment of a vast variety of water and wastewater sources. The approaches taken in this book are categorized as (i) resources recovery and consumption, (ii) optimal performance, (iii) physical and environmental footprints, (iv) zero liquid discharge concept and are (v) regulation-driven. Through these categories, readers will see how such an approach could benefit the water and wastewater industry. Each chapter discusses challenges and prospects of an integrated treatment process in achieving sustainable development. This book serves as a platform to provide ideas and to bridge the gap between laboratory-scale research and practical industry application. Includes comprehensive coverage on integrated and hybrid technology for water and wastewater treatment Takes a new approach in looking at how water and wastewater treatment contributes to sustainable development Provides future direction of research in sustainable water and wastewater treatment

Biochemical and Environmental Bioprocessing

Biochemical and Environmental Bioprocessing
Challenges and Developments

by M Jerold,V Sivasubramanian

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-07-25
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 042958444X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid growth of industries has resulted in the generation of high volume of solid and liquid waste. Today, there is a need of Clean and Green technology for the sustainable waste management. Biochemical and Environmental Bioprocessing: Challenges and Developments explore the State-of-art green technologies to manage the waste and to recover value added products. Microbes play an important role in the bioremediation. Bioprocess engineering an interdisciplinary connects the Science and Technology. The bioconversion and bioremediation is essentially required for the management of various hazardous substances in the environment. This book will give an intensive knowledge on the application of Biochemical and Bioprocess technologies for the eco-friendly management of pollution. This book serves as a fundamental to the students, researchers, academicians and Engineers working in the area of Environmental Bioremediation and in the exploration of various bioproducts from waste. Features Reviews various biological methods for the treatment of effluents from Industries by using biomass and biopolymers. Highlights the applications of various bioreactors like Anaerobic Sequential Batch Reactor, Continuously stirred anaerobic digester, Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, Fluidized and expanded bed reactors. Presents the cultivation of algae in Open Pond, Closed loop System, and Photo-bioreactors for bioenergy production. Discusses the intensified and integrated biorefinery approach by Microwave Irradiation, Pyrolysis, Acoustic cavitation, Hydrodynamic cavitation, Electron beam irradiation, High pressure Autoclave reactor, Steam explosion and photochemical oxidation. Outlines the usage of microbial fuel cell (MFC) for the production bioelectricity generation in different modules Tubular MFC, Stacked MFC, Separate electrode modules Cutting edge research of synthesis of biogenic nanoparticles and Pigments by green route for the health care and environment management.

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Y.V. Nancharaiah,Vayalam P. Venugopalan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-10-18
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 1351857320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofilms represent the natural living style of microbial communities and play a pivotal role in biogeochemical cycles and natural attenuation. Biofilms can be engineered for biodegradation and biotransformation of organic and inorganic contaminants, for both in situ bioremediation and ex situ treatment in bioreactors. This book focuses on microbial biofilms and their potential technological applications for sustainable development. It covers recent advances in biofilm technologies for contaminant remediation coupled to recovery of resources and serves as a complete reference on the science and technology behind biofilm mediated bioremediation and wastewater treatment.

The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants

The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants
Biological Treatment Systems

by Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Kavit Mehta

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-28
  • Pages : 804
  • ISBN : 0128231041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants: Biological Treatment Systems is an advanced and updated version of existing biological technologies that includes their limitations, challenges, and potential application to remove chemical oxygen demand (COD), refractory chemical oxygen demand, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), color removal and environmental pollutants through advancements in microbial bioremediation. The book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation with thorough discussions of recent developments. In addition, it illustrates that the application of these new emerging innovative technologies can lead to energy savings and resource recovery. The importance of respiration, nitrogen mineralization, nitrification, denitrification and biological phosphorus removal processes in the development of a fruitful and applicable solution for the removal of toxic pollutants from wastewater treatment plants is highlighted. Equally important is the knowledge and theoretical modeling of water movement through wastewater ecosystems. Finally, emphasis is given to the function of constructed wetlands and activated sludge processes. Considers different types of industrial wastewater Focuses on biological wastewater treatments Introduces new trends in bioremediation Addresses the future of WWTPs

A Practical Guide to Environmental Biotechnology

A Practical Guide to Environmental Biotechnology
A Book

by Jayanta Kumar Patra,Gitishree Das,Swagat Kumar Das,Hrudayanath Thatoi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-08-03
  • Pages : 175
  • ISBN : 9811562520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook provides practical guidelines on conducting experiments across the entire spectrum of environmental biotechnology. It opens with general information on laboratory safety, rules and regulations, as well as a description of various equipment commonly used in environmental laboratories. It then discusses in detail the major experiments in basic and advanced environmental studies, including the analysis of water and soil samples; the isolation, culture, and biochemical characterization of microbes; and plant tissue culture techniques and nutrient analyses. Each chapter features detailed method sections and easy-to-follow protocols, and offers guidance on calculations and formulas, as well as illustrative flow charts to assist with troubleshooting for each experiment. Given its scope, the book is an invaluable aid for laboratory researchers studying environmental biotechnology, and a rich source of information and advice for advanced undergraduates and graduates in the fields of environmental science and biotechnology.

Removal of Refractory Pollutants from Wastewater Treatment Plants

Removal of Refractory Pollutants from Wastewater Treatment Plants
A Book

by Maulin P. Shah

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-10-08
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 100043530X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses new and innovative trends and techniques in the removal of toxic and or refractory pollutants through various environmental biotechnological processes from wastewater, both at the laboratory and industrial scale. It focuses primarily on environmentally-friendly technologies which respect the principles of sustainable development, including the advanced trends in remediation through an approach of environmental biotechnological processes from either industrial or sewage wastewater. Features: Examines the fate and occurrence of refractory pollutants in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and the potential approaches for their removal. Highlights advanced remediation procedures involving various microbiological and biochemical processes. Assesses and compares the potential application of numerous existing treatment techniques and introduces new, emerging technologies. Removal of Refractory Pollutants from Wastewater Treatment Plants is suitable for practicing engineers, researchers, water utility managers, and students who seek an excellent introduction and basic knowledge in the principles of environmental bioremediation technologies.

Membrane-based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment

Membrane-based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-27
  • Pages : 730
  • ISBN : 0128241888
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Membrane-Based Hybrid Processes for Wastewater Treatment analyzes and discusses the potential of membrane-based hybrid processes for the treatment of complex industrial wastewater, the recovery of valuable compounds, and water reutilization. In addition, recent and future trends in membrane technology are highlighted. Industrial wastewater contains a large variety of compounds, such as heavy metals, salts and nutrients, which makes its treatment challenging. Thus, the use of conventional water treatment methods is not always effective. Membrane-based hybrid processes have emerged as a promising technology to treat complex industrial wastewater. Discusses the properties, mechanisms, advantages, limitations and promising solutions of different types of membrane technologies Addresses the optimization of process parameters Describes the performance of different membranes Presents the potential of Nanotechnology to improve the treatment efficiency of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) Covers the application of membrane and membrane-based hybrid treatment technologies for wastewater treatment Includes forward osmosis, electrodialysis, and diffusion dialysis Considers hybrid membrane systems expanded to cover zero liquid discharge, salt recovery, and removal of trace contaminants