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Characterization of Nanoparticles

Characterization of Nanoparticles
Measurement Processes for Nanoparticles

by Wolfgang Unger,Ing. V. -D. Hodoroaba,Alex Shard

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-09-30
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 0128141824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization of Nanoparticles: Measurement Processes for Nanoparticles surveys this fast growing field, including established methods for the physical and chemical characterization of nanoparticles. The book focuses on sample preparation issues (including potential pitfalls), with measurement procedures described in detail. In addition, the book explores data reduction, including the quantitative evaluation of the final result and its uncertainty of measurement. The results of published inter-laboratory comparisons are referred to, along with the availability of reference materials necessary for instrument calibration and method validation. The application of these methods are illustrated with practical examples on what is routine and what remains a challenge. In addition, this book summarizes promising methods still under development and analyzes the need for complementary methods to enhance the quality of nanoparticle characterization with solutions already in operation. Helps readers decide which nanocharacterization method is best for each measurement problem, including limitations, advantages and disadvantages Shows which nanocharacterization methods are best for different classes of nanomaterial Demonstrates the practical use of a method based on selected case studies

Nanomaterial Characterization

Nanomaterial Characterization
An Introduction

by Ratna Tantra

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-04-04
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1118753593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduces basic knowledge for nanomaterial characterization focusing on key properties and the different analytical techniques available Provides a quick reference to different analytical methods for a given property highlighting their pros and cons Presents numerous case studies, ranging from characterizing nanomaterials in coffee creamer suspension to measurement of airborne dust exposure levels Provides an introduction to other topics that are strongly related to nanomaterial characterization e.g. synthesis, reference material and metrology Includes state of the art techniques: scanning tunneling microscopy under extreme conditions, novel strategy for biological characterization and methods to visualize multidimensional characterization data

Characterization of Nanomaterials

Characterization of Nanomaterials
Advances and Key Technologies

by Sneha Mohan,Samuel Oluwatobi Oluwafemi,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-06-18
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 0081019742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization of Nanomaterials: Advances and Key Technologies discusses the latest advancements in the synthesis of various types of nanomaterials. The book's main objective is to provide a comprehensive review regarding the latest advances in synthesis protocols that includes up-to-date data records on the synthesis of all kinds of inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods. The synthesis of all important nanomaterials, such as carbon nanostructures, Core-shell Quantum dots, Metal and metal oxide nanostructures, Nanoferrites, polymer nanostructures, nanofibers, and smart nanomaterials are discussed, making this a one-stop reference resource on research accomplishments in this area. Leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions across the globe have contributed to the book. Academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students working in the field of polymer nanocomposites will benefit from its solutions for material problems. Provides an up-to-date data record on the synthesis of all kinds of organic and inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods Presents the latest advances in synthesis protocols Presents latest techniques used in the physical and chemical characterization of nanomaterials Covers characterization of all the important materials groups such as: carbon nanostructures, core-shell quantumdots, metal and metal oxide nanostructures, nanoferrites, polymer nanostructures and nanofibers A broad range of applications is covered including the performance of batteries, solar cells, water filtration, catalysts, electronics, drug delivery, tissue engineering, food packaging, sensors and fuel cells Leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutes have contributed to the books

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-01
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0080999506
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media covers the novel properties of nanomaterials and their applications to consumer products and industrial processes. The book fills the growing gap in this challenging area, bringing together disparate strands in chemistry, physics, biology, and other relevant disciplines. It provides an overview on nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nano(eco)toxicology, and nanomaterial characterization, focusing on the characterization of a range of nanomaterial physicochemical properties of relevance to environmental and toxicological studies and their available analytical techniques. Readers will find a multidisciplinary approach that provides highly skilled scientists, engineers, and technicians with the tools they need to understand and interpret complicated sets of data obtained through sophisticated analytical techniques. Addresses the requirements, challenges, and solutions for nanomaterial characterization in environmentally complex media Focuses on technique limitations, appropriate data collection, data interpretation, and analysis Aids in understanding and comparing nanomaterial characterization data reported in the literature using different analytical tools Includes case studies of characterization relevant complex media to enhance understanding

Characterization of Nanomaterials

Characterization of Nanomaterials
Selected Papers from 6th Dresden Nanoanalysis Symposium

by Ehrenfried Zschech,Robert Sinclair,Rodrigo Martins,Marco Sebastiani,Sabrina Sartori

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-09-01
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 3036507566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Special Issue “Characterization of Nanomaterials” collects nine selected papers presented at the 6th Dresden Nanoanalysis Symposium, held at Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems in Dresden, Germany, on 31 August 2018. Following the specific motto of this annual symposium “Materials challenges—Micro- and nanoscale characterization”, it covered various topics of nanoscale materials characterization along the whole value and innovation chain, from fundamental research up to industrial applications. The scope of this Special Issue is to provide an overview of the current status, recent developments and research activities in the field of nanoscale materials characterization, with a particular emphasis on future scenarios. Primarily, analytical techniques for the characterization of thin films and nanostructures are discussed, including modeling and simulation. We anticipate that this Special Issue will be accessible to a wide audience, as it explores not only methodical aspects of nanoscale materials characterization, but also materials synthesis, fabrication of devices and applications.

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials
A Book

by Challa S.S.R. Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-04-24
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 3662527804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sixth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanomaterials

Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanomaterials
A Book

by Challa S.S.R. Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-12-09
  • Pages : 717
  • ISBN : 3642389341
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Third volume of a 40volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Transmission electron microscopy characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Characterization of Nanomaterials

Characterization of Nanomaterials
Environmental, Health, and Safety Studies

by Sherrie Elzey

  • Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • Release : 2010-08
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 9783838397061
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As nanomaterials become more commonplace, they have the potential to enter ecological and biological environments during their lifecycle. Despite rapid advances in the production and application of nanomaterials, little is known about how they may interact with the environment or affect human health. This work consists of characterization of commonly manufactured or synthesized nanomaterials in specific environmental conditions. Bulk and surface characterization techniques were used to examine carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide nanoparticles, bare silver nanoparticles and polymer- coated silver nanoparticles, and copper nanoparticles. Lithium titanate nanomaterial collected from a manufacturing facility was also characterized to identify occupational health risks. Size-dependent properties of nanomaterials may influence transport and transformation, and the behavior of larger sized materials cannot be used to predict nanomaterial behavior. These studies are important when considering measures for exposure control and environmental remediation of nanomaterials.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
Processing and Characterization with Lasers

by S. C. Singh,H.B. Zeng,Chunlei Guo,Weiping Cai

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-10-22
  • Pages : 810
  • ISBN : 3527646841
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first in-depth treatment of the synthesis, processing, and characterization of nanomaterials using lasers, ranging from fundamentals to the latest research results, this handy reference is divided into two main sections. After introducing the concepts of lasers, nanomaterials, nanoarchitectures and laser-material interactions in the first three chapters, the book goes on to discuss the synthesis of various nanomaterials in vacuum, gas and liquids. The second half discusses various nanomaterial characterization techniques involving lasers, from Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies to light dynamic scattering, laser spectroscopy and such unusual techniques as laser photo acoustic, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, ultrafast dynamics and laser-induced thermal pulses. The specialist authors adopt a practical approach throughout, with an emphasis on experiments, set-up, and results. Each chapter begins with an introduction and is uniform in covering the basic approaches, experimental setups, and dependencies of the particular method on different parameters, providing sufficient theory and modeling to understand the principles behind the techniques.

Applications and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanomaterials in Environmental, Health, and Safety Studies

Applications and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanomaterials in Environmental, Health, and Safety Studies
A Book

by Sherrie Renee Elzey

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This work consists of characterization of commonly manufactured or synthesized nanomaterials and studies of nanomaterials in specific environmental conditions. Bulk and surface characterization techniques were used to examine carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide nanoparticles, bare silver nanoparticles and polymer-coated silver nanoparticles, and copper nanoparticles. Lithium titanate nanomaterial was collected from a manufacturing facility was also characterized to identify occupational health risks. Particle size distribution measurements and chemical composition data showed the lithium titanate nanomaterial forms larger micrometer agglomerates, while the nanoparticles present were due to incidental processes. A unique approach was applied to study particle size during dissolution of nanoparticles in aqueous and acidic conditions. An electrospray coupled to a scanning mobility particle sizer (ES-SMPS) was used to determine the particle size distribution (PSD) of bare silver nanoparticles in nitric acid and copper nanoparticles in hydrochloric acid. The results show unique, size-dependent dissolution behavior for the nanoparticles relative to their micrometer sized counterparts. This research shows size-dependent properties of nanomaterials can influence how they will be transported and transformed in specific environments, and the behavior of larger sized materials cannot be used to predict nanomaterial behavior. The type of nanomaterial and the media it enters are important factors for determining the fate of the nanomaterial. These studies will be important when considering measures for exposure control and environmental remediation of nanomaterials.

Synthesis and Characterization of Nanomaterials For Food Processing

Synthesis and Characterization of Nanomaterials For Food Processing
A Book

by Er. Megharaj Madke

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015-05-23
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN : 9783659521577
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microscopy Methods in Nanomaterials Characterization

Microscopy Methods in Nanomaterials Characterization
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Raju Thomas,Ajesh K Zachariah,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-05-17
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0323461476
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microscopy Methods in Nanomaterials Characterization fills an important gap in the literature with a detailed look at microscopic and X-ray based characterization of nanomaterials. These microscopic techniques are used for the determination of surface morphology and the dispersion characteristics of nanomaterials. This book deals with the detailed discussion of these aspects, and will provide the reader with a fundamental understanding of morphological tools, such as instrumentation, sample preparation and different kinds of analyses, etc. In addition, it covers the latest developments and trends morphological characterization using a variety of microscopes. Materials scientists, materials engineers and scientists in related disciplines, including chemistry and physics, will find this to be a detailed, method-orientated guide to microscopy methods of nanocharacterization. Takes a method-orientated approach that includes case studies that illustrate how to carry out each characterization technique Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each microscopy characterization technique, giving the reader greater understanding of conditions for different techniques Presents an in-depth discussion of each technique, allowing the reader to gain a detailed understanding of each

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles
Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization

by Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-08-09
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN : 0128135174
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization explores the nanoparticles and architecture of nanostructured materials being used today in a comprehensive, detailed manner. This book focuses primarily on the characterization, properties and synthesis of nanoscale materials, and is divided into three major parts. This is a valuable reference for materials scientists, and chemical and mechanical engineers working in R&D and academia, who want to learn more about how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are characterized and engineered. Part one covers nanoparticles formation, self-assembly in the architecture nanostructures, types and classifications of nanoparticles, and signature physical and chemical properties, toxicity and regulations. Part two presents different ways to form nanometer particles, including bottom-up and top-down approaches, the classical and non-classical theories of nanoparticles formation and self-assembly, surface functionalization and other surface treatments to allow practical use. Part three covers characterization of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials, including the determination of size and shape, in addition to atomic and electronic structures and other important properties. Includes new physical and chemical techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures Features an in-depth treatment of nanoparticles and nanostructures, including their characterization and chemical and physical properties Explores the unusual properties of materials that are developed by modifying their shape and composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules Explains important techniques for the synthesis, fabrication and the characterization of complex nano-architectures

EMR/ESR/EPR Spectroscopy for Characterization of Nanomaterials

EMR/ESR/EPR Spectroscopy for Characterization of Nanomaterials
A Book

by Ashutosh Kumar Shukla

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-11-09
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN : 8132236556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The subject matter of this book is the application of EMR/ESR/EPR spectroscopy for characterization of nanomaterials. Initial chapters deal with nanomaterials and their classification. Characterization of metallic nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles and rare earth impurity doped nanoparticles from the (ESR) spectrum parameters are covered in the chapters that follow. A special feature of the book is EMR/ESR/EPR spectroscopic characterization of nanoparticles which are important due to their bactericidal and anticancerous properties. Strength of continuous wave (CW) is explained with the help of suitable examples. The book focuses on applications and data interpretation avoiding extensive use of mathematics so that it also caters to the need of young scientists in the life science disciplines. The book includes a comparison with other spectroscopic characterization methods so as to give an integrated approach to the reader. It will prove useful to biomedical scientists and engineers, chemists, and materials engineers in student, researcher, and practitioner positions.

Organic Nanomaterials

Organic Nanomaterials
Synthesis, Characterization, and Device Applications

by Tomas Torres,Giovanni Bottari

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-10-14
  • Pages : 622
  • ISBN : 1118016017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discover a new generation of organic nanomaterials and their applications Recent developments in nanoscience and nanotechnology have given rise to a new generation of functional organic nanomaterials with controlled morphology and well-defined properties, which enable a broad range of useful applications. This book explores some of the most important of these organic nanomaterials, describing how they are synthesized and characterized. Moreover, the book explains how researchers have incorporated organic nanomaterials into devices for real-world applications. Featuring contributions from an international team of leading nanoscientists, Organic Nanomaterials is divided into five parts: Part One introduces the fundamentals of nanomaterials and self-assembled nanostructures Part Two examines carbon nanostructures—from fullerenes to carbon nanotubes to graphene—reporting on properties, theoretical studies, and applications Part Three investigates key aspects of some inorganic materials, self-assembled monolayers, organic field effect transistors, and molecular self-assembly at solid surfaces Part Four explores topics that involve both biological aspects and nanomaterials such as biofunctionalized surfaces Part Five offers detailed examples of how organic nanomaterials enhance sensors and molecular photovoltaics Most of the chapters end with a summary highlighting the key points. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to the growing body of original research reports and reviews in the field. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of organic nanomaterials, this book is recommended for researchers in chemistry, physics, materials science, polymer science, and chemical and materials engineering. All readers will learn the principles of synthesizing and characterizing new organic nanomaterials in order to support a broad range of exciting new applications.

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites
Characterization, Processing, and Applications

by B. Sridhar Babu,Kaushik Kumar

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-04-06
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 1000369579
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites: Characterization, Processing, and Applications discusses the most recent research in nanomaterials and nanocomposites for a range of applications as well as modern characterization tools and techniques. It deals with nanocomposites that are dispersed with nanosized particulates and carbon nanotubes in their matrices (polymer, metal, and ceramic). In addition, the work: Describes different nanomaterials, such as metal and metal oxides, clay and POSS, carbon nanotubes, cellulose, and biobased polymers in a structured manner Examines the processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement materials Covers size effect on thermal, mechanical, optical, magnetic, and electrical properties Details machining and joining aspects of nanocomposites Discusses the development of smart nanotextiles (intelligent textiles), self-cleaning glass, sensors, actuators, ferrofluids, and wear-resistant nanocoatings. This book enables an efficient comparison of properties and capabilities of these advanced materials, making it relevant for materials scientists and chemical engineers conducting academic research and industrial R&D into nanomaterial processing and applications.

Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, Hazards and Safety

Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, Hazards and Safety
A Book

by Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Muhammad Sagir,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-16
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 0128238372
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, Hazards and Safety explains the fundamental properties of nanomaterials, covering their types and classifications. The book includes methods of preparation and characterization of nanostructured materials. It explains the principles and fundamentals of nanomaterials, with information on both pure and composite-based materials with e nanostructures, outlines the latest developments and advances in nanomaterials, and highlights toxic effects and protection. This book is designed to appeal to a wide readership of academic and industrial researchers, focusing on nanotechnology and nanomaterials, sustainable chemistry, energy conversion and storage, nanotechnology, chemical engineering, environmental protection, optoelectronics, sensors, and surface and interface science. Provides information on major concepts and advances made in the areas of nanomaterials properties and nano safety Identifies the major physiochemical properties of nanomaterials Explores the toxicity of different class of nanomaterials and how they can be used safely

In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials
A Book

by Challa S.S.R. Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-04-17
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 3662563223
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seventh volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanomaterials

In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanomaterials
A Book

by Joon Hwan Lee

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the recent development of in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization techniques, the real time study of property-structure correlations in nanomaterials becomes possible. This dissertation reports the direct observations of deformation behavior of Al2O3-ZrO2-MgAl2O4 (AZM) bulk ceramic nanocomposites, strengthening mechanism of twins in YBa2Cu3O7−x (YBCO) thin film, work hardening event in nanocrystalline nickel and deformation of 2wt% Al doped ZnO (AZO) thin film with nanorod structures using the in situ TEM nanoindentation tool. The combined in situ movies with quantitative loading-unloading curves reveal the deformation mechanism of the above nanomaterial systems. At room temperature, in situ dynamic deformation studies show that the AZM nanocomposites undergo the deformation mainly through the grain-boundary sliding and rotation of small grains, i.e., ZrO2 grains, and some of the large grains, i.e., MgAl2O4 grains. We observed both plastic and elastic deformations in different sample regions in these multi-phase ceramic nanocomposites at room temperature. Both ex situ (conventional) and in situ nanoindentation were conducted to reveal the deformation of YBCO films from the directions perpendicular and parallel to the twin interfaces. Hardness measured perpendicular to twin interfaces is ~50% and 40% higher than that measured parallel to twin interfaces, by ex situ and in situ, respectively. By using an in situ nanoindentation tool inside TEM, dynamic work hardening event in nanocrystalline nickel was directly observed. During stain hardening stage, abundant Lomer-Cottrell (L-C) locks formed both within nanograins and against twin boundaries. Two major mechanisms were identified during interactions between L-C locks and twin boundaries. Quantitative nanoindentation experiments recorded during in situ experiments show an increase of yield strength from 1.64 to 2.29 GPa during multiple loading-unloading cycles. In situ TEM nanoindentation has been conducted to explore the size dependent deformation behavior of two different types (type I: ~ 0.51 of width/length ratio and type II: ~ 088 ratio) of AZO nanorods. During the indentation on type I nanord structure, annihilation of defects has been observed which is caused by limitation of the defect activities by relatively small size of the width. On the other hand, type II nanorod shows dislocation activities which enhanced the grain rotation under the external force applied on more isotropic direction through type II nanorod. The electronic version of this dissertation is accessible from http://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/148150

Modeling, Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Modeling, Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials
Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications

by V Tewary,Y Zhang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-17
  • Pages : 554
  • ISBN : 1782422358
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world