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Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials
A Book

by Meysam Pazoki,Anders Hagfeldt,Tomas Edvinsson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-14
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 0128147288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials: Characterization of Recently Emerged Perovskite Solar Cell Materials to Provide an Understanding of the Fundamental Physics on the Nano Scale and Optimize the Operation of the Device Towards Stable and Low-Cost Photovoltaic Technology explores the characterization of nanocrystals of the perovskite film, related interfaces, and the overall impacts of these properties on device efficiency. Included is a collection of both main and research techniques for perovskite solar cells. For the first time, readers will have a complete reference of different characterization techniques, all housed in a work written by highly experienced experts. Explores various characterization techniques for perovskite solar cells and discusses both their strengths and weaknesses Discusses material synthesis and device fabrication of perovskite solar cells Includes a comparison throughout the work on how to distinguish one perovskite solar cell from another

Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite Solar Cells
Materials, Processes, and Devices

by Shahzada Ahmad,Samrana Kazim,Michael Grätzel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-12-13
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 3527347151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides a complete overview of the state-of-the-art in perovskite solar cell research from materials to devices, also addressing the critical issue of solar cell stability. With contributions from leading researchers in the field, the book covers novel materials such as lead-free and 2D and 3D materials, advanced modeling and simulation approaches, new fabrication processes such as slot-die coating and vacuum sublimation as well as detailed insights into the device physics of perovskite solar cells, including innovative approaches to increase the light conversion efficiency.

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells
A Book

by Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-07-13
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN : 352769904X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Photochemistry Volume 48

Photochemistry Volume 48
A Book

by Stefano Protti,Carlotta Raviola

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2020-11-17
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 183916140X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume combines reviews on the latest advances in photochemical research with specific topical highlights in the field. Starting with periodical reports of the recent literature on organic and computational aspects including reports on computational photochemistry and chemiluminescence of biological and nanotechnological molecules, photochemistry of alkenes, dienes and polyenes, aromatic compounds and oxygen-containing functions. The final chapter of this section is a review of industrial application of photochemistry from 2014 to 2019. Coverage continues with highlighted topics, in the second part, from ruthenium-caged bioactive compounds, advances in logically and light induced systems, developments of metal-free photocatalysts, photoresponsive organophosphorus materials and applications of photo-fragmentation in synthesis, photo-click chemistry and azo-based molecular photoswitches. This volume will again include a section entitled 'SPR Lectures on Photochemistry', a collection of examples for academic readers to introduce a photochemistry topic and precious help for students in photochemistry. Providing critical analysis of the topics, this book is essential reading for anyone wanting to keep up to date with the literature on photochemistry and its applications. "A certain amount of energy destroys the same amount of CO2 according to the whether it is administered continuously or intermittently. In order to rationalize this result there are two possibilities, either the destruction of CO2 further occurred in the dark periods, which would lead to the same form of energy storing form, or in the illuminated period the reaction goes at twice the rate." O. Warburg, Biochem. Z., 1919, 100, 230-270.

Advances in Nanocomposite Materials for Environmental and Energy Harvesting Applications

Advances in Nanocomposite Materials for Environmental and Energy Harvesting Applications
A Book

by Ahmed Esmail Shalan,Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030943194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the fundamental, synthesis, properties, physico-chemical characterizations and applications of recently explored nanocomposite materials. It covers the applications of these different nanocomposite materials in the environmental and energy harvesting fields. The chapters explore the different techniques used for preparation and characterization of several types of nanocomposite materials for applications related to environmental and energy pathways. This book presents a panorama of current research in the field of nanocomposite structures for different applications. It also assesses the advantages and disadvantages of using different types of nanocomposite in the design of different material products. The comprehensive chapters explain the interactions between nanocomposite materials and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage.

In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials
A Book

by Challa S.S.R. Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-04-17
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 3662563223
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seventh volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics
From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications

by Tsutomu Miyasaka

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-12-20
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 3527347488
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discover a one-of-a-kind treatment of perovskite photovoltaics In less than a decade, the photovoltaics of organic-inorganic halide perovskite materials have surpassed the efficiency of semiconductor compounds like CdTe and CIGS in solar cells. In Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics: From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications, distinguished engineer Dr. Tsutomu Miyasaka delivers a comprehensive exploration of foundational and advanced topics regarding halide perovskites. It summarizes the latest information and discussion in the field, from fundamental theory and materials to critical device applications. With contributions by top scientists working in the perovskite community, the accomplished editor has compiled a resource of central importance for researchers working on perovskite related materials and devices. This edited volume includes coverage of new materials and their commercial and market potential in areas like perovskite solar cells and perovskite LEDs. It also includes: A thorough introduction to halide perovskite materials, their synthesis, and dimension control Comprehensive explorations of the photovoltaics of halide perovskites and their historical background Practical discussions of solid-state and transfer mechanisms in halide perovskite semiconductors In-depth examinations of multi-cation anion-based high efficiency perovskite solar cells Perfect for materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, and solid-state physicists, Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics: From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications is also an indispensable resource for solid state chemists and electrical engineers.

Energy Materials

Energy Materials
Fundamentals to Applications

by Sanjay J. Dhoble,N. Thejo Thejo Kalyani,Dr. B. Vengadaesvaran,Dr. Abdul Kariem Kariem Arof

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-15
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN : 0128237112
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms. Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation. Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design
A Book

by Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Mashallah Rezakazemi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-07-30
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1119725046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solar cells are semiconductor devices that convert light photons into electricity in photovoltaic energy conversion and can help to overcome the global energy crisis. Solar cells have many applications including remote area power systems, earth-orbiting satellites, wristwatches, water pumping, photodetectors and remote radiotelephones. Solar cell technology is economically feasible for commercial-scale power generation. While commercial solar cells exhibit good performance and stability, still researchers are looking at many ways to improve the performance and cost of solar cells via modulating the fundamental properties of semiconductors. Solar cell technology is the key to a clean energy future. Solar cells directly harvest energy from the sun’s light radiation into electricity are in an ever-growing demand for future global energy production. Solar cell-based energy harvesting has attracted worldwide attention for their notable features, such as cheap renewable technology, scalable, lightweight, flexibility, versatility, no greenhouse gas emission, environment, and economy friendly and operational costs are quite low compared to other forms of power generation. Thus, solar cell technology is at the forefront of renewable energy technologies which are used in telecommunications, power plants, small devices to satellites. Aiming at large-scale implementation can be manipulated by various types used in solar cell design and exploration of new materials towards improving performance and reducing cost. Therefore, in-depth knowledge about solar cell design is fundamental for those who wish to apply this knowledge and understanding in industries and academics. This book provides a comprehensive overview on solar cells and explores the history to evolution and present scenarios of solar cell design, classification, properties, various semiconductor materials, thin films, wafer-scale, transparent solar cells, and so on. It also includes solar cells’ characterization analytical tools, theoretical modeling, practices to enhance conversion efficiencies, applications and patents.

Metal Halide Perovskite Crystals: Growth Techniques, Properties and Emerging Applications

Metal Halide Perovskite Crystals: Growth Techniques, Properties and Emerging Applications
A Book

by Wei Zhang

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-01-31
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 3038975583
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Metal Halide Perovskite Crystals: Growth Techniques, Properties and Emerging Applications" that was published in Crystals

Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells

Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells
An Introduction

by Lukas Schmidt-Mende,Jonas Weickert

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2016-05-24
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 3110388510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the increasing world-energy demand there is a growing necessity for clean and renewable energy. The sun being one of the most abundant potential sources accounts for less than 1% of the global energy supply. The market for solar cells is one of the most strongly increasing markets, even though the prize of conventional solar cells is still quite high. New emerging technologies, such as organic and hybrid solar cells have the potential to decrease the price of solar energy drastically. This book offers an introduction to these new types of solar cells and discusses fabrication, different architectures and their device physics on the bases of the author's teaching course on a master degree level. A comparison with conventional solar cells will be given and the specialties of organic solar cells emphasized.

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion
Perovskites, Organics, and Photovoltaic Fundamentals

by Juan Bisquert

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-06-09
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0429000154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research on advanced energy conversion devices such as solar cells has intensified in the last two decades. A broad landscape of candidate materials and devices were discovered and systematically studied for effective solar energy conversion and utilization. New concepts have emerged forming a rather powerful picture embracing the mechanisms and limitation to efficiencies of different types of devices. The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion introduces the main physico-chemical principles that govern the operation of energy devices for energy conversion and storage, with a detailed view of the principles of solar energy conversion using advanced materials. Key Features include: Highlights recent rapid advances with the discovery of perovskite solar cells and their development. Analyzes the properties of organic solar cells, lithium ion batteries, light emitting diodes and the semiconductor materials for hydrogen production by water splitting. Embraces concepts from nanostructured and highly disordered materials to lead halide perovskite solar cells Takes a broad perspective and comprehensively addresses the fundamentals so that the reader can apply these and assess future developments and technologies in the field. Introduces basic techniques and methods for understanding the materials and interfaces that compose operative energy devices such as solar cells and solar fuel converters.

Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials

Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Ann Rose Abraham

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-11-24
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 012820883X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials covers major techniques for the design, synthesis, and development of multifunctional nanomaterials. The chapters highlight the main characterization techniques, including X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and scanning probe microscopy. The book explores major synthesis methods and functional studies, including: Brillouin spectroscopy; Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopic studies; Magnetic, ferroelectric, and magneto-electric coupling analysis; Organ-on-a-chip methods for testing nanomaterials; Magnetron sputtering techniques; Pulsed laser deposition techniques; Positron annihilation spectroscopy to prove defects in nanomaterials; Electroanalytic techniques. This is an important reference source for materials science students, scientists, and engineers who are looking to increase their understanding of design and fabrication techniques for a range of multifunctional nanomaterials. Explains the major design and fabrication techniques and processes for a range of multifunctional nanomaterials; Demonstrates the design and development of magnetic, ferroelectric, multiferroic, and carbon nanomaterials for electronic applications, energy generation, and storage; Green synthesis techniques and the development of nanofibers and thin films are also emphasized.

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices
A Book

by Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-05-21
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1000073203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells
Perovskites, Organics, and Photovoltaic Fundamentals

by Juan Bisquert

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-15
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 1351395580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.

Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells (2 Vols.)

Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells (2 Vols.)
A Book

by Sining Yun,Anders Hagfeldt

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-01-04
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 3527413677
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to one of the most important aspects for affordable and highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells Dye-sensitized solar cells have the potential to be one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies for production of renewable and clean energy. Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells offers an introduction to the various types of counter electrode catalysts for dye-sensitized solar cells and perovskite solar cells, including metal and metal compounds, carbon materials, polymers, and composites. With contributions from an international panel of experts, the book contains a discussion of the design and synthesis of the catalysts, characterization and stability of the devices, as well as calculations on properties. The contributors cover a wide range of topics including information on: carbon nanotubes electrocatalysts for I-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells; Pt-loaded composite electrocatalysts for I-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells; metal contact electrodes for perovskite solar cells; and much more. The book also includes insight into the future developments in the field. This important resource Covers the various types of counter electrode catalysts and presents design strategies, synthesis methods, theoretical calculation and stability evaluation Includes information on low-cost counter electrode catalysts and commercial applications of dye-sensitized sensitized solar cells Disscuses how electrode catalysts can be applied in a range of fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen production, and photocatalysis Offers contributions from leading experts in the field including Anders Hagfeldt, one of the world's leading researchers in this field Written for materials scientists, solid state chemists, electrochemists, catalytic chemists, solid state physicists, and chemical industry professionals, Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to dye-sensitized solar cells.

Perovskite Solar Cells: Principle, Materials And Devices

Perovskite Solar Cells: Principle, Materials And Devices
A Book

by Diau Eric Wei-guang,Chen Peter Chao-yu

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2017-09-04
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9813222530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and climate change are two of the most critical issues nowadays. These two topics are also correlated to each other. Fossil fuels are the main energy supplies that have been used in modern history since the industrial revolution. The impact of CO2 emission has been a major concern for its effect on global warming and other consequences. In addition, fossil fuels are not unlimited. Due to the increasing demands for energy supplies, alternative renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly energy resources are desirable. Solar energy is an unlimited, clean, and renewable energy source, which can be considered to replace the energy supply of fossil fuel. The silicon solar cell is one of the dominant photovoltaic technologies currently, which converting sunlight directly into electric power with around 20% efficiency. This technique was been widely used in mainstream solar energy applications for decades, though the relatively energy-demanding production process remained with challenges to be resolved. Recently, emerging photovoltaic technologies such as organometal halide hybrid perovskite solar cell has attracted tremendous attention due to their promising power conversion efficiencies (over 22%) and ease of fabrication. Their progress roadmap is unprecedented in photovoltaic history from the material development and efficiency advancement perspective. Beyond the rapid progress achieved in the last few years, it is expected that this novel technology would make an impact on the future solar cell market providing long-term stability and Pb content issues are addressed. These challenges rely on a better understanding of materials and device function principles. The scope of this book is to provide a collection on the recent investigations from fundamental process, materials development to device optimization for perovskite solar cells. Contents: Additive-Assisted Controllable Growth of Perovskites (Yixin Zhao and Kai Zhu)Control of Film Morphology for High Performance Perovskite Solar Cells (Cheng-Min Tsai, Hau-Shiang Shiu, Hui-Ping Wu and Eric Wei-Guang Diau)Sensitization and Functions of Porous Titanium Dioxide Electrodes in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Organolead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells (Seigo Ito)P-Type and Inorganic Hole Transporting Materials for Perovskite Solar Cells (Ming-Hsien Li, Yu-Hsien Chiang, Po-Shen Shen, Sean Sung-Yen Juang and Peter Chao-Yu Chen)Hole Conductor Free Organometal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells: Properties and Different Architectures (Sigalit Aharon and Lioz Etgar)Stability Issues of Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Lead Perovskite Solar Cells (Dan Li and Mingkui Wang)Time-Resolved Photoconductivity Measurements on Organometal Halide Perovskites (Eline M Hutter, Tom J Savenije and Carlito S Ponseca Jr) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science and photovoltaics. Keywords: Perovskite Solar Cells;Hole Transporting Materials;Stability;THz SpectroscopyReview:0

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,El Hadji Mamour Sakho,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi,Jihuai Wu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-06-12
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN : 0128133384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications provides a review of recent developments in the field of nanomaterials based solar cells. It begins with a discussion of the fundamentals of nanomaterials for solar calls, including a discussion of lifecycle assessments and characterization techniques. Next, it reviews various types of solar cells, i.e., Thin film, Metal-oxide, Nanowire, Nanorod and Nanoporous materials, and more. Other topics covered include a review of quantum dot sensitized and perovskite and polymer nanocomposites-based solar cells. This book is an ideal resource for those working in this evolving field of nanomaterials and renewable energy. Provides a well-organized approach to the use of nanomaterials for solar cell applications Discusses the synthesis, characterization and applications of traditional and new material Includes coverage of emerging nanomaterials, such as graphene, graphene-derivatives and perovskites

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
Properties, Characterisation, and Applications

by Amit Sachdeva,Pramod Kumar Singh,Hee Woo Rhee

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-02-12
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1000328007
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composite Materials: Properties, Characterisation, and Applications provides an in-depth description of the synthesis, properties, and various characterisation techniques used for the study of composite materials. Covers applications and simulation tests of these advanced materials Presents real-world examples for demonstration Discusses surface, thermal, and electrical characterisation techniques Covers composites for use as sensors Aimed at industry professionals and researchers, this book offers readers thorough knowledge of the fundamentals as well as advanced level techniques involved in composite material characterisation, development, and applications.

Printable Solar Cells

Printable Solar Cells
A Book

by Nurdan Demirci Sankir,Mehmet Sankir

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-04-19
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1119283736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overall view of the new and highly promising materials and thin film deposition techniques for printable solar cell applications. The book is organized in four parts. Organic and inorganic hybrid materials and solar cell manufacturing techniques are covered in Part I. Part II is devoted to organic materials and processing technologies like spray coating. This part also demonstrates the key features of the interface engineering for the printable organic solar cells. The main focus of the Part III is the perovskite solar cells, which is a new and promising family of the photovoltaic applications. Finally, inorganic materials and solution based thin film formation methods using these materials for printable solar cell application is discussed in Part IV.