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Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces
A Book

by Anders Nilsson,Lars G.M. Pettersson,Jens Norskov

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-11
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 9780080551913
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular surface science has made enormous progress in the past 30 years. The development can be characterized by a revolution in fundamental knowledge obtained from simple model systems and by an explosion in the number of experimental techniques. The last 10 years has seen an equally rapid development of quantum mechanical modeling of surface processes using Density Functional Theory (DFT). Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces focuses on phenomena and concepts rather than on experimental or theoretical techniques. The aim is to provide the common basis for describing the interaction of atoms and molecules with surfaces and this to be used very broadly in science and technology. The book begins with an overview of structural information on surface adsorbates and discusses the structure of a number of important chemisorption systems. Chapter 2 describes in detail the chemical bond between atoms or molecules and a metal surface in the observed surface structures. A detailed description of experimental information on the dynamics of bond-formation and bond-breaking at surfaces make up Chapter 3. Followed by an in-depth analysis of aspects of heterogeneous catalysis based on the d-band model. In Chapter 5 adsorption and chemistry on the enormously important Si and Ge semiconductor surfaces are covered. In the remaining two Chapters the book moves on from solid-gas interfaces and looks at solid-liquid interface processes. In the final chapter an overview is given of the environmentally important chemical processes occurring on mineral and oxide surfaces in contact with water and electrolytes. Gives examples of how modern theoretical DFT techniques can be used to design heterogeneous catalysts This book suits the rapid introduction of methods and concepts from surface science into a broad range of scientific disciplines where the interaction between a solid and the surrounding gas or liquid phase is an essential component Shows how insight into chemical bonding at surfaces can be applied to a range of scientific problems in heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, environmental science and semiconductor processing Provides both the fundamental perspective and an overview of chemical bonding in terms of structure, electronic structure and dynamics of bond rearrangements at surfaces

Metal-Polymer Systems

Metal-Polymer Systems
Interface Design and Chemical Bonding

by Jrg Friedrich

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-12-04
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 352733677X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The result of decades of research by a pioneer in the field, this is the first book to deal exclusively with achieving high-performance metal-polymer composites by chemical bonding. Covering both the academic and practical aspects, the author focuses on the chemistry of interfaces between metals and polymers with a particular emphasis on the chemical bonding between the different materials. He elucidates the various approaches to obtaining a stable interface, including, but not limited to, thermodynamically driven redox reactions, bond protection to prevent hydrolysis, the introduction of barrier layers, and stabilization by spacer molecules. Throughout, chemical bonding is promoted as a simple and economically viable alternative to adhesion based on reversible weak physical interaction. Consequently, the text equips readers with the practical tools necessary for designing high-strength metal-polymer composites with such desired properties as resilience, flexibility, rigidity or degradation resistance.

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces
Faraday Discussion

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Faraday Discussions
  • Release : 2017-11-15
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 9781782629443
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focussing on understanding the interaction of molecules with surfaces and their subsequent organisation, reactivity, or properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives.

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces
A Book

by Leonard J. Brillson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-05-12
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1119027128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is a streamlined yet comprehensive introduction that covers the basic physical properties of electronic materials, the experimental techniques used to measure them, and the theoretical methods used to understand, predict, and design them. Starting with the fundamental electronic properties of semiconductors and electrical measurements of semiconductor interfaces, this text introduces students to the importance of characterizing and controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. The chapters that follow present the full range of surface and interface techniques now being used to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth for students to master the fundamental principles, with numerous examples to illustrate the strengths and limitations for specific applications. As well as references to the most authoritative sources for broader discussions, the text includes internet links to additional examples, mathematical derivations, tables, and literature references for the advanced student, as well as professionals in these fields. This textbook fills a gap in the existing literature for an entry-level course that provides the physical properties, experimental techniques, and theoretical methods essential for students and professionals to understand and participate in solid-state electronics, physics, and materials science research. An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is an introductory-to-intermediate level textbook suitable for students of physics, electrical engineering, materials science, and other disciplines. It is essential reading for any student or professional engaged in surface and interface research, semiconductor processing, or electronic device design.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids
A Book

by Hans Lüth

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-27
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 3662101599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids" emphasizes both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface and interface physics. Beside the techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces basic models for the description of structural, vibronic and electronic properties ofinterfaces are described, as well as fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth. Because of its importance for modern microelectronics special emphasis is placed on the electronic properties of semiconductorinterfaces and heterostructures. Experimental topics covering the basics of ultrahigh-vacuum technology, electron optics, surface spectroscopies and electrical interface characterization techniques are presented in the form of separate panels.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
A Book

by Gabor A. Somorjai,Yimin Li

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-06-08
  • Pages : 787
  • ISBN : 047050823X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now updated-the current state of development of modern surface science Since the publication of the first edition of this book, molecular surface chemistry and catalysis science have developed rapidly and expanded into fields where atomic scale and molecular information were previously not available. This revised edition of Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis reflects this increase of information in virtually every chapter. It emphasizes the modern concepts of surface chemistry and catalysis uncovered by breakthroughs in molecular-level studies of surfaces over the past three decades while serving as a reference source for data and concepts related to properties of surfaces and interfaces. The book opens with a brief history of the evolution of surface chemistry and reviews the nature of various surfaces and interfaces encountered in everyday life. New research in two crucial areas-nanomaterials and polymer and biopolymer interfaces-is emphasized, while important applications in tribology and catalysis, producing chemicals and fuels with high turnover and selectivity, are addressed. The basic concepts surrounding various properties of surfaces such as structure, thermodynamics, dynamics, electrical properties, and surface chemical bonds are presented. The techniques of atomic and molecular scale studies of surfaces are listed with references to up-to-date review papers. For advanced readers, this book covers recent developments in in-situ surface analysis such as high- pressure scanning tunneling microscopy, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG). Tables listing surface structures and data summarizing the kinetics of catalytic reactions over metal surfaces are also included. New to this edition: A discussion of new physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles Ways to utilize new surface science techniques to study properties of polymers, reaction intermediates, and mobility of atoms and molecules at surfaces Molecular-level studies on the origin of the selectivity for several catalytic reactions A microscopic understanding of mechanical properties of surfaces Updated tables of experimental data A new chapter on "soft" surfaces, polymers, and biointerfaces Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis serves as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students taking advanced courses in physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science, as well as researchers in surface science, catalysis science, and their applications.

The Chemical Bond

The Chemical Bond
Chemical Bonding Across the Periodic Table

by Gernot Frenking,Sason Shaik

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-06-13
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 352766467X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique overview of the different kinds of chemical bonds that can be found in the periodic table, from the main-group elements to transition elements, lanthanides and actinides. It takes into account the many developments that have taken place in the field over the past few decades due to the rapid advances in quantum chemical models and faster computers. This is the perfect complement to "Chemical Bonding - Fundamentals and Models" by the same editors, who are two of the top scientists working on this topic, each with extensive experience and important connections within the community.

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces
Fundamentals and Applications

by Andrei Honciuc

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-01
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0128231939
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces: Fundamentals and Applications gives a descriptive account of interfacial phenomena step-by-step, from simple to complex, to provide readers with a strong foundation of knowledge in interfacial materials chemistry. Many case studies are provided to give real-world examples of problems and their solutions, allowing readers to make the connection between fundamental understanding and applications. Emerging applications in nanomaterials and nanotechnology are also discussed. Throughout the book, the author explains the common interface and surface equations, models, methods, and applications in the creation of functional materials. The goal of Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces is to provide readers with the basic understanding of the common tools of surface and interface chemistry for application in materials science and nanotechnology. This book is suitable for researchers and practitioners in the disciplines of materials science and engineering and surface and interface chemistry. Includes numerous real-world examples and case studies throughout Addresses emerging applications of interfacial materials chemistry in nanomaterials and nanotechnology Provides the foundational concepts of surface and interfacial science with models, equation, and methods

Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals

Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals
A Book

by Robert Schoonheydt,Cliff T. Johnston,Faïza Bergaya

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-05
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 0081024339
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface and Interface Chemistry of Clay Minerals, Volume 9, delivers a fundamental understanding of the surface and interface chemistry of clay minerals, thus serving as a valuable resource for researchers active in the fields of materials chemistry and sustainable chemistry. Clay minerals, with surfaces ranging from hydrophilic, to hydrophobic, are widely studied and used as adsorbents. Adsorption can occur at the edges and surfaces of clay mineral layers and particles, and in the interlayer region. This diversity in properties and the possibility to tune the surface properties of clay minerals to match the properties of adsorbed molecules is the basis for study. This book requires a fundamental understanding of the surface and interface chemistry of clay minerals, and of the interaction between adsorbate and adsorbent. It is an essential resource for clay scientists, geologists, chemists, physicists, material scientists, researchers, and students. Presents scientists and engineers with a resource they can rely on for their own research and work involving clay minerals Includes an in-depth look at ion exchange, adsorption of inorganic and organic molecules, including polymers and proteins, and catalysis occurring at the surfaces of clay minerals Includes materials chemistry of clay minerals with chiral clay minerals, optical materials and functional films

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials
A Book

by Hans Lüth

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 499
  • ISBN : 3662031329
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials emphasises both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface and interface physics. Beside the techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces basic models for the description of structural, vibronic and electronic properties of interfaces are described, as well as fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth. Because of its importance for modern microelectronics special emphasis is placed on the electronic properties of semiconductor interfaces and heterostructures. Experimental topics covering the basics of ultrahigh-vacuum technology, electron optics, surface spectroscopies and electrical interface characterization techniques are presented in the form of separate panels.

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces
A Book

by Harald Ibach

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-10-06
  • Pages : 646
  • ISBN : 3540347097
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. It is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students. Written explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations.

Surfaces and Interfaces: Physics and Electronics

Surfaces and Interfaces: Physics and Electronics
A Book

by R.S. Bauer

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 660
  • ISBN : 0444600167
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surfaces and Interfaces: Physics and Electronics covers the proceedings of the second Trieste ICTP-IUPAP Semiconductor Symposium, conducted at the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy on August 30 to September 3, 1982. The book focuses on the processes, methodologies, reactions, and approaches involved in semiconductor physics. The selection first elaborates on the electronic properties and surface geometry of GaAs and ZnO surfaces; electronic structure of Si (III) surfaces; and photoemission studies of surface states on Si (III) 2X1. Discussions focus on consistency of different experiments, relating experiments to a theoretical model, quenching of surface states by hydrogen, inverse photoemission results, and basic data and models of the low-index ZnO surfaces. The text then examines Si (III) 2X1 studies by angle resolved photoemission; electronic surface states at steps in Si (III) 2X1; and a novel method for the study of optical properties of surfaces. The manuscript takes a look at spot profile analysis (LEED) of defects at silicon surfaces; chemisorption-induced defects at interfaces on compound semiconductors; and surface defects on semiconductors. The microscopic properties and behavior of silicide interfaces, recombination at semiconductor surfaces and interfaces, and dipoles, defects, and interfaces are also discussed. The selection is a highly recommended source of data for physicists and readers wanting to study semiconductor physics.

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces
Fundamentals and Applications

by Andrei Honciuc

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-15
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0128210591
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces: Fundamentals and Applications gives a descriptive account of interfacial phenomena step-by-step, from simple to complex, to provide readers with a strong foundation of knowledge in interfacial materials chemistry. Many case studies are provided to give real-world examples of problems and their solutions, allowing readers to make the connection between fundamental understanding and applications. Emerging applications in nanomaterials and nanotechnology are also discussed. Throughout the book, the author explains the common interface and surface equations, models, methods, and applications in the creation of functional materials. The goal of Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces is to provide readers with the basic understanding of the common tools of surface and interface chemistry for application in materials science and nanotechnology. This book is suitable for researchers and practitioners in the disciplines of materials science and engineering and surface and interface chemistry. Includes numerous real-world examples and case studies throughout Addresses emerging applications of interfacial materials chemistry in nanomaterials and nanotechnology Provides the foundational concepts of surface and interfacial science with models, equation, and methods

Nanoscale Characterization of Surfaces and Interfaces

Nanoscale Characterization of Surfaces and Interfaces
A Book

by N. John DiNardo

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-09-26
  • Pages : 173
  • ISBN : 3527615946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Derived from the highly acclaimed series Materials Science and Technology, this book provides in-depth coverage of STM, AFM, and related non-contact nanoscale probes along with detailed applications, such as the manipulation of atoms and clusters on a nanometer scale. The methods are described in terms of the physics and the technology of the methods and many high-quality images demonstrate the power of these techniques in the investigation of surfaces and the processes which occur on them. Topics include: Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces * Insulators * Layered Compounds * Charge Density Wave Systems * Superconductors * Electrochemisty at Liquid-Solid Interfaces * Biological Systems * Metrological Applications * Nanoscale Surface Forces * Nanotribology * Manipulation on the Nanoscale Materials scientists, surface scientists, electrochemists, as well as scientists working in catalysis and microelectronics will find this book an invaluable source of information

Physical Methods of Chemistry, Investigations of Surfaces and Interfaces

Physical Methods of Chemistry, Investigations of Surfaces and Interfaces
A Book

by Bryant W. Rossiter,Roger C. Baetzold

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1992-12-21
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9780471544067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Each volume of this series heralds profound changes in both the perception and practice of chemistry. This edition presents the state of the art of all important methods of instrumental chemical analysis, measurement and control. Contributions offer introductions together with sufficient detail to give a clear understanding of basic theory and apparatus involved and an appreciation of the value, potential and limitations of the respective techniques. The emphasis of the subjects treated is on method rather than results, thus aiding the investigator in applying the techniques successfully in the laboratory.

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces
Sheffield, UK, 24-26 July 2017

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume focuses on understanding the interaction of molecules with surfaces and their subsequent organisation, reactivity, or properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. The unique behaviour of compounds confined at interfaces can be very different from those in bulk environments. Advances in methods and their understanding for the determination of the structure and chemical bonding at surfaces is central to continued progress in the field. Among the questions that need answering are: how is chemical reactivity modified at surfaces and how can we optimise it for selective and efficient processes? How reliable are the actual methods for determining molecular conformation at surfaces? How can we control diffusion of molecules at surfaces in order to influence growth? Can two-dimensional structure be correlated with three dimensional order? How can we make use of single molecule properties at an interface? Interfacial processes are also at the heart of the function of many materials, the properties they exhibit and chemical reactions they can perform.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Glass and Ceramics

Surfaces and Interfaces of Glass and Ceramics
A Book

by V. Frechette

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 1468431447
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials
A Book

by Leonard J. Brillson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-06-26
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN : 3527665722
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An advanced level textbook covering geometric, chemical, and electronic structure of electronic materials, and their applications to devices based on semiconductor surfaces, metal-semiconductor interfaces, and semiconductor heterojunctions. Starting with the fundamentals of electrical measurements on semiconductor interfaces, it then describes the importance of controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. Subsequent chapters present the wide range of surface and interface techniques available to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth with references to the most authoritative sources for more exhaustive discussions, while numerous examples are provided throughout to illustrate the applications of each technique. With its general reading lists, extensive citations to the text, and problem sets appended to all chapters, this is ideal for students of electrical engineering, physics and materials science. It equally serves as a reference for physicists, material science and electrical and electronic engineers involved in surface and interface science, semiconductor processing, and device modeling and design. This is a coproduction of Wiley and IEEE * Free solutions manual available for lecturers at www.wiley-vch.de/supplements/

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces
Characterization, Modification and Applications

by Manfred Stamm

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-01-26
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9783540738657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In what is an extremely practical and applicable new work, experts provide concise explanations, with examples and illustrations, of the key techniques in this important field. In each case, after basic principles have been reviewed, applications of the experimental techniques are discussed and illustrated with specific examples. Scientists and engineers in research and development will benefit from an application-oriented book that helps them to find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems. They will know that the surfaces and interfaces of polymers play an important role in most of the application areas of polymers, from moulds, foils, and composites, to biomaterials and applications in micro- and nanotechnology.

Surfaces and Interfaces in Ceramic and Ceramic — Metal Systems

Surfaces and Interfaces in Ceramic and Ceramic — Metal Systems
A Book

by Joseph Pask,Anthony Evans

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 1468439472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 17th University Conference on Ceramics, which also was the 7th LBL/MMRD International Materials Symposium, was held on the campus of the University of California at Berkeley from July 28 to August 1, 1980. It was devoted to the subject of surfaces and interfaces in ceramic and ceramic-metal systems. The program was timely and of great interest, as indicated by the large number of contributed papers, which included contributions from ten foreign countries. These proceedings are divided into the following categories dealing with the chemistry and physics of interfaces: calculations of interface/surface states, characterization of surfaces and inter faces, thermodynamics of interfaces, influence of surface and inter faces on selected ceramic processes, grain boundary structures, effects of grain boundaries on deformation and fracture, interfacial phenomena, formation of interfaces, development of adhesion, and reactions at interfaces. A number of papers deal specifically with the Si-Si02 interface, which probably has received more attention than any other because of its importance in the electronics industry. This coverage fulfills the principal objective of the symposium which was to explore and assess the current fundamental understand ing of interfaces and surfaces. A parallel objective of the symposium was fulfilled by a group of papers dealing with the correlation of interfacial characteris tics with mechanical behavior. This group includes papers dealing with the adherence of dissimilar materials at interfaces.