Download Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains Ebook PDF

Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains

Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains
A Book

by Mohar Singh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-02-29
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0128183004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains explores aspects related to critical analysis on factors responsible for narrow genetic base of chickpea productions including domestication bottleneck, the level of diversity present in different cultivated and wild species, the uniqueness and usefulness of potential gene sources available and maintained in production systems across the globe, the level of genetic erosion both at landrace and species level over time and space etc. Despite considerable international investment in conventional breeding, production of chickpea has not yet been significantly improved beyond that achieved through its normal single domestication event and high self-pollination rate. Total annual pulse production of ~12 million tons (FAO 2016) is far below actual potential. Susceptibility to both biotic and abiotic stresses have created a production level bottleneck whose solution possibly lies in the use of crop wild relatives and other genetic traits cultivated by tailoring novel germplasm. Presenting options for widening the genetic base of chickpea cultivars by introgression of diverse genes available in distantly related wild Cicer taxa, thus expanding the genetic base and maximize genetic gains from the selection, it is necessary to accumulate other complimentary alleles from CWRs. This review will focus on present status of gene pool and species distribution, germplasm conservation, characterization and evaluation, problems associated with crop production, sources of target traits available in wild species, status of trait introgression in synthesizing new gene pool of chickpea along with progress made in chickpea genomics. An edited book with contributions from leading scientists, this information will guide and inform chickpea breeders, PGR researchers and crop biologists across the world. Presents both conventional and emerging techniques Provides insights into gene pyramiding as cytogenic manipulations Includes case studies highlighting the impact of improving chickpea production

Lentils

Lentils
Potential Resources for Enhancing Genetic Gains

by Mohar Singh

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-08-10
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 0128135239
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Lentils: Potential Resources for Enhancing Genetic Gains describes the evolutionary aspects and agronomic potential of this important pulse with emphasis placed on wide hybridization, including molecular aspects and future breeding strategies. The existing variability among cultivated germplasm has been exploited to reach a desirable level of productivity. However, to attain further breakthroughs in increasing yield and improving stability in future cultivars, new sources of genes/alleles need to be identified and incorporated into cultivated varieties. This book provides specific use information, including wild lentil germplasm utilization, thus allowing for the selection of transgressive interspecific recombinants that can be adapted to specific environments. Identifies breeding resources and the agronomic value assessed for specific traits of interest Presents marker assisted breeding work and genomic resources Describes strategies for wild lentils using wide hybridization Features key breeding strategies

Genomic Designing of Climate-Smart Pulse Crops

Genomic Designing of Climate-Smart Pulse Crops
A Book

by Chittaranjan Kole

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-28
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN : 3319969323
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book describes the concepts, strategies and techniques for pulse-crop improvement in the era of climate change, highlighting the latest advances in plant molecular mapping and genome sequencing. Genetic mapping of genes and QTLs has broadened the scope of marker-assisted breeding and map-based cloning in almost all major pulse crops. Genetic transformation, particularly using alien genes conferring resistance to herbicide, insects and diseases has facilitated the development of a huge number of genetically modified varieties of the major pulse crops. Since the genome sequencing of rice in 2002, genomes of over 7 pulse crops have been sequenced. This has resulted in the possibility of deciphering the exact nucleotide sequence and chromosomal positions of agroeconomic genes. Most importantly, comparative genomics and genotyping-by-sequencing has opened up a new vista for exploring wild crop relatives for identification of useful donor genes.

Accelerated Plant Breeding, Volume 3

Accelerated Plant Breeding, Volume 3
Food Legumes

by Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-09
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 3030473066
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop, such as wheat, usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This work summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. It is an important reference with special focus on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes
A Book

by Mohar Singh,Ishwari Singh Bisht,Manoranjan Dutta

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-10-28
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 8132220234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Grain legumes play significant and diverse role in the farming systems and provide nutrition security to the largely vegetarian and relatively poorer people around the world. These are ideal crops for achieving three simultaneous developmental goals viz. reducing poverty, improving human health and nutrition and enhancing ecosystem resilience. Globally, grain legumes are the second most important crop group next only to cereals but a large proportion of area of it is under rainfed-low input systems as compared to cereals contributing to lower yields. The other important factor responsible for reduced yield in grain legumes is the narrow genetic base of the present day pulse varieties. In order to break the yield barriers of these cultivars, new sources of genes/ alleles need to be identified and suitably incorporated into the adapted background. The information on various aspects of grain legume improvement although has been considerable in the recent past, these information are highly scattered and not available at one place. The present book consists of comprehensive and latest crop-wise information on important grain legumes of the world including their distribution, gene pool, systematics, status of genetic and genomic resources, production constraints, traits of importance, crop improvement methodologies - both conventional as well as contemporary and future strategies to be adopted for comprehensive grain legume improvement in various agro-ecological target areas of the globe. The chapters have been contributed by eminent crop experts from across the world engaged in research in their respective crops for the past several years thus providing a rare insight into the crop specific constraints and prospects drawing from their rich overall experience. The book therefore will be a useful source of information to the grain legume researchers, students, policy planners and developmental experts alike.

Legume Genetics and Biology

Legume Genetics and Biology
From Mendel’s Pea to Legume Genomics

by Petr Smýkal,Eric J. Bishop von Wettberg,Kevin McPhee

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-12-29
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3039368125
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Legumes have played an important part as human food and animal feed in cropping systems since the dawn of agriculture. The legume family is arguably one of the most abundantly domesticated crop plant families. Their ability to symbiotically fix nitrogen and improve soil fertility has been rewarded since antiquity and makes them a key protein source. Pea was the original model organism used in Mendel´s discovery of the laws of inheritance, making it the foundation of modern plant genetics. This book based on Special Issue provides up-to-date information on legume biology, genetic advances, and the legacy of Mendel.

The Chickpea Genome

The Chickpea Genome
A Book

by Rajeev K. Varshney,Mahendar Thudi,Fred Muehlbauer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-01-02
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : 3319661175
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers an overview of the latest advances in genome sequencing and analysis. The growing human population, rapid climate changes and limited amounts of arable land are creating substantial challenges in connection with the availability and affordability of nutritious food for smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this context, climate smart crops are essential to alleviating the hunger of the millions of poor and undernourished people living in developing countries. In addition to cereals, grain legumes are an integral part of the human diet and provide sustainable income for smallholder farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Among grain legumes, the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most important in terms of production and productivity. Besides being a rich source of proteins, it can fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with rhizobia and increase the input of combined nitrogen. Several abiotic stresses like drought, heat, salinity, together with biotic stresses like Fusarium wilt, Ascochyta blight, and Botrytis grey mould have led to production losses, as the chickpeas is typically grown in the harsh climates of our planet’s semi-arid regions.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Plant Breeding Reviews
A Book

by Jules Janick

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-01-14
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 0470171529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant breeding and genetics covering horticultural, agronomic and forestry crops, incorporating both traditional and molecular methods. The contributions are authored by world authorities, anonymously reviewed, and edited by Professor Jules Janick of Perdue University, USA. The series is an indispensible resource for crop breeders, plant scientists, and teachers involved in crop improvement and genetic resources. Initiated in 1983, Plant Breeding Reviews is published in the form of one or two volumes per year. Recently published articles include: Epigenetics and Plant Breeding (v30) Enhancing Crop Gene Pools with Beneficial Traits Using Wild Relatives (v30) Coffee Germplasm Resources, Genomics and Breeding (v30) Molecular Genetics and Breeding for Fatty Acid Manipulation in Soybean (v30) Breeding Southern Highbush Blueberries (v30) Development of Fire Blight Resistance by Recombinant DNA Technology (v29)

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Ramesh Arora,Surinder Sandhu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-16
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN : 9811060568
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops. It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects. Further, it discusses the conventional and molecular techniques utilized/useful in breeding for resistance to insect-pests including back-cross breeding, modified population improvement methods for insect resistance, marker-assisted backcrossing to expedite the breeding process, identification and validation of new insect-resistance genes and their potential for utilization, genomics, metabolomics, transgenesis and RNAi. Lastly, it analyzes the successes, limitations and prospects for the development of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, maize, sorghum and millet, cotton, rapeseed, legumes and fruit crops, and highlights strategies for management of insect biotypes that limit the success and durability of insect-resistant cultivators in the field. Arthropod pests act as major constraints in the agro-ecosystem. It has been estimated that arthropod pests may be destroying around one-fifth of the global agricultural production/potential production every year. Further, the losses are considerably higher in the developing tropics of Asia and Africa, which are already battling severe food shortage. Integrated pest management (IPM) has emerged as the dominant paradigm for minimizing damage by the insects and non-insect pests over the last 50 years. Pest resistant cultivars represent one of the most environmentally benign, economically viable and ecologically sustainable options for utilization in IPM programs. Hundreds of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, cotton, sugarcane and other crops have been developed worldwide and are extensively grown for increasing and/or stabilizing crop productivity. The annual economic value of arthropod resistance genes developed in global agriculture has been estimated to be greater than US$ 2 billion Despite the impressive achievements and even greater potential in minimizing pest- related losses, only a handful of books have been published on the topic of host-plant resistance to insects. This book fills this wide gap in the literature on breeding insect- resistant crops. It is aimed at plant breeders, entomologists, plant biotechnologists and IPM experts, as well as those working on sustainable agriculture and food security.

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 3

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement, Volume 3
Genomic Approaches

by Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-09
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 331994746X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

Enhancing Crop Genepool Use

Enhancing Crop Genepool Use
Capturing Wild Relative and Landrace Diversity for Crop Improvement

by Nigel Maxted,M Ehsan Dulloo,Brian V Ford-Lloyd

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2016-05-31
  • Pages : 495
  • ISBN : 1780646135
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Maintaining food security in the face of human population increase and climate change is one of the critical challenges facing us in the 21st Century. Utilisation of the full range of agrobiodiversity will be a necessary tool in addressing this challenge. In this book a team of international contributors review all aspects of utilization and conservation of crop wild relative (CWR) and landrace (LR) diversity as a basis for crop improvement and future food security. This book will appeal to a wide array of specialists and postgraduate students, such as those working in the fields of agrobiodiversity conservation and use, conservation, ecology, botany, genetics, plant breeding and agriculture.

Advances in Plant Physiology (Vol. 10)

Advances in Plant Physiology (Vol. 10)
A Book

by A. Hemantaranjan

  • Publisher : Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2008-07-01
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN : 9387741389
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Dr. S.K. Panda & Dr. (Mrs.) M. Dash This book ``Advances in Stress Physiology of Plants' has been published with an aim to give some insight into the field of stress physiology of Plants. Attempts have been made to highlight different abiotic stresses like water, salt, heavy metals etc. and there effects on plants physiological alterations. Some efforts have also been taken to discuss oxidative stress, its effects and possible protection in plant cells. Oxidative Stress The Biology of Oxidative stress in Green Cells : A Review S.K. Panda & M. Dash Abiotic Stress Induced Membrane Damage in Plants : A Free Radical Phenomenon S. Bhattacharjee & A.K. Mukherjee The Lipoxygenases A Review A.D. Rao, K.N. Devi & K. Thyagaraju Plant Lipoxygenases K.N. Devi, A.D. Rao & K. Thyagaraju Changes in Antioxidants Levels in Oryza sativa L. Roots subjected to NaCl-salinity stress M.H. Khan, M. Dash, Ksh. L.B. Singha & S.K. Panda Water Stress Studying Plant Responses to Water Stress : An Overview R.K. Kar Salt Stress Effects of Sea Water on Growth of Young Plants of Prosopis julliflora (sw) DC. A.J. Joshi & H. Hinglajia Physiology of Salt Stress in Plants : A Review M. Dash & S.K. Panda Heavy Metal Toxicity Stress Role of Nitrogen Nutrition on Chromium Phytoxicty in wheat S.K. Panda, B.N. Sahoo & H.K. Patra Chromium Toxicity and Water Stress Simulation Effects in Intact Senescing Leaves of Greengram (Vigna radiata L. var. wilckzek K851) S.K. Panda, S. Mahapatra & S.K. Panda Alterations in Enzyme Activities of Plants under Heavy Metal Ion Stress S.D.S. Murthy & S. Rajgopal Dr. S.K. Panda & Dr. (Mrs.) M. Dash This book ``Advances in Stress Physiology of Plants' has been published with an aim to give some insight into the field of stress physiology of Plants. Attempts have been made to highlight different abiotic stresses like water, salt, heavy metals etc. and there effects on plants physiological alterations. Some efforts have also been taken to discuss oxidative stress, its effects and possible protection in plant cells. Oxidative Stress The Biology of Oxidative stress in Green Cells : A Review S.K. Panda & M. Dash Abiotic Stress Induced Membrane Damage in Plants : A Free Radical Phenomenon S. Bhattacharjee & A.K. Mukherjee The Lipoxygenases A Review A.D. Rao, K.N. Devi & K. Thyagaraju Plant Lipoxygenases K.N. Devi, A.D. Rao & K. Thyagaraju Changes in Antioxidants Levels in Oryza sativa L. Roots subjected to NaCl-salinity stress M.H. Khan, M. Dash, Ksh. L.B. Singha & S.K. Panda Water Stress Studying Plant Responses to Water Stress : An Overview R.K. Kar Salt Stress Effects of Sea Water on Growth of Young Plants of Prosopis julliflora (sw) DC. A.J. Joshi & H. Hinglajia Physiology of Salt Stress in Plants : A Review M. Dash & S.K. Panda Heavy Metal Toxicity Stress Role of Nitrogen Nutrition on Chromium Phytoxicty in wheat S.K. Panda, B.N. Sahoo & H.K. Patra Chromium Toxicity and Water Stress Simulation Effects in Intact Senescing Leaves of Greengram (Vigna radiata L. var. wilckzek K851) S.K. Panda, S. Mahapatra & S.K. Panda Alterations in Enzyme Activities of Plants under Heavy Metal Ion Stress S.D.S. Murthy & S. Rajgopal

Genetic and Breeding Strategies for Improvement of Pulse Crops

Genetic and Breeding Strategies for Improvement of Pulse Crops
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chickpea in the Nineties

Chickpea in the Nineties
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement, 4-8 Dec. 1989, ICRISAT Center, India

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 403
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Food and Feed Prospects to 2020 in the West Asia/North Africa Region

Food and Feed Prospects to 2020 in the West Asia/North Africa Region
A Book

by Farouk Shomo

  • Publisher : ICARDA
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN : 9291270334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Molecular Breeding in Wheat, Maize and Sorghum

Molecular Breeding in Wheat, Maize and Sorghum
Strategies for Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance and Yield

by Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Mobashwer Alam,Saman Seneweera,Sujay Rakshit,Robert J. Henry

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2021-06-30
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 1789245435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The global population is projected to reach almost 10 billion by 2050, and food and feed production will need to increase by 70%. Wheat, maize and sorghum are three key cereals which provide nutrition for the majority of the world's population. Their production is affected by various abiotic stresses which cause significant yield losses. The effects of climate change also increase the frequency and severity of such abiotic stresses. Molecular breeding technologies offer real hope for improving crop yields. Although significant progress has been made over the last few years, there is still a need to bridge the large gap between yields in the most favorable and most stressful conditions.

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes
A Book

by Aditya Pratap,Jitendra Kumar

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2011-03-01
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9781845937812
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Food legumes are important constituents of the human diet and animal feed where they are crucial to a balanced diet, supplying high quality proteins. These crops also play an important role in low-input agricultural production systems by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. Despite systematic and continuous breeding efforts through conventional methods, substantial genetic gains have not been achieved. With the rise in demand for food legumes/pulses and increased market value of these crops, research has focused on increasing production and improving the quality of pulses for both edible and industria.

The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences

The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

ICARDA Annual Report

ICARDA Annual Report
A Book

by International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Bibliography of Agriculture

Bibliography of Agriculture
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK