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Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra-Wideband Technology

Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra-Wideband Technology
Design, Realization and Characterization

by Marco Garbati,Etienne Perret,Romain Siragusa

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-25
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 0081027613
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chipless RFID Reader Design for Ultra-Wideband Technology: Design, Realization and Characterization deals with the efficient design of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) based embedded systems for chipless readers, providing a reading technique based on polarization diversity that is shown with the aim of reading cross-polarized, chipless tags independently from their orientation. This approach is valuable because it does not give any constraint at the tag design level. This book presents the state-of-the-art of chipless RFID systems, also providing useful comparisons. The international regulations that limit the UWB emission are taken into consideration, along with design guidance. Two designed, realized, and characterized reader prototypes are proposed. Sampling noise reduction, reading time, and cost effectiveness are also introduced and taken into consideration. Presents the design, realization and characterization of chipless RFID readers Provides concepts that are designed around a FPGA and its internal architecture, along with the phase of optimization Covers the design of a novel pulse generator

RFID and Wireless Sensors Using Ultra-Wideband Technology

RFID and Wireless Sensors Using Ultra-Wideband Technology
A Book

by Angel Ramos,Antonio Lazaro,David Girbau,Ramon Villarino

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-05-09
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 008101189X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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RFID and Wireless Sensors using Ultra-Wideband Technology explores how RFID-based technologies are becoming the first choice to realize the last (wireless) link in the chain between each element and the Internet due to their low cost and simplicity. Each day, more and more elements are being connected to the Internet of Things. In this book, ultra-wideband radio technology (in time domain) is exploited to realize this wireless link. Chipless, semi-passive and active RFID systems and wireless sensors and prototypes are proposed in terms of reader (setup and signal processing techniques) and tags (design, integration of sensors and performance). The authors include comprehensive theories, proposals of advanced techniques, and their implementation to help readers develop time-domain ultra-wideband radio technology for a variety of applications. This book is suitable for post-doctoral candidates, experienced researchers, and engineers developing RFID, tag antenna designs, chipless RFID, and sensor integration. Includes comprehensive theories, advanced techniques, and guidelines for their implementation to help readers develop time-domain ultra-wideband radio technology for a variety of applications Discusses ultra-wideband (UWB) technology in time-domain that is used to develop RFID systems and wireless sensors Explores the development of hipless, semi-passive, and active identification platforms in terms of low-cost readers and tags Integrates wireless sensors in the proposed chipless and semi-passive platforms

Multiresonator-Based Chipless RFID

Multiresonator-Based Chipless RFID
Barcode of the Future

by Stevan Preradovic,Nemai Chandra Karmakar

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-01-07
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 1461420954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This vital new resource offers engineers and researchers a window on important new technology that will supersede the barcode and is destined to change the face of logistics and product data handling. In the last two decades, radio-frequency identification has grown fast, with accelerated take-up of RFID into the mainstream through its adoption by key users such as Wal-Mart, K-Mart and the US Department of Defense. RFID has many potential applications due to its flexibility, capability to operate out of line of sight, and its high data-carrying capacity. Yet despite optimistic projections of a market worth $25 billion by 2018, potential users are concerned about costs and investment returns. Clearly demonstrating the need for a fully printable chipless RFID tag as well as a powerful and efficient reader to assimilate the tag’s data, this book moves on to describe both. Introducing the general concepts in the field including technical data, it then describes how a chipless RFID tag can be made using a planar disc-loaded monopole antenna and an asymmetrical coupled spiral multi-resonator. The tag encodes data via the “spectral signature” technique and is now in its third-generation version with an ultra-wide band (UWB) reader operating at between 5 and 10.7GHz.

Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle

Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle
Realization, Coding and Reading System

by Arnaud Vena,Etienne Perret,Smail Tedjini

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-08-21
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 0081012667
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chipless RFID based on RF Encoding Particle: Realization, Coding and Reading System explores the field of chipless identification based on the RF Encoding Particle (REP). The book covers the possibility of collecting information remotely with RF waves (RFID) with totally passive tags without wire, batteries, and chips, and even printed on paper. Despite the many benefits of RFID, deployment is still hindered by several economic and technological factors. Among these barriers are the high cost of tags, lack of reliability and security in the information contained in the RFID chip, and how tags are 'recycled.' This book focuses on the development of chipless RFID tags, representing a new family of low cost tags. With this technology information is extracted from the electromagnetic response of the tag, which depends only on its geometry. Various solutions have been developed by the authors to increase the amount of information, reduce the surface of the tag, or improve the robustness of detection. Considerations such as realization using paper substrate, the development of a low cost detection system, and measurements in a real environment have been addressed for practical implementation. Introduces the chipless RFID REP approach as compared to classical chipless RFID, RFID, and barcode technologies Includes a demonstration of the practical and economic potential of chipless RFID technology, with detailed presentations and discussions of different test benches and comparisons Presents in detail numerous examples of chipless tags that are able to tackle specific problems: sensitivity of detection, encoding density, robustness of detection, problem of tag orientation, tags and reader cost, and compliance with emission standards Focuses on the development of chipless RFID tags, representing a new family of low cost tags

Chipless Radio Frequency Identification

Chipless Radio Frequency Identification
A Book

by Nemai Chandra Karmakar

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2016-01-19
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781118465035
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A chipless RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tag does not use integrated circuit technology to store information, as is typical. Chipless RFID, which can be printed directly on products or packaging, will become the dominant RFID system in the near future, replacing bar codes. Written by the leading expert in the field, this book discusses the designs of various chipless RFID tags, a green technology that does not require batteries or a power source to streamline and improve merchandising industrial systems. A must-have guide for RFID researchers in academia and industry.

Chipless RFID System for Barcode Replacement

Chipless RFID System for Barcode Replacement
A Book

by Stevan Preradovic

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a modern wireless data transmission and reception technique for applications including automatic identification, asset tracking and security surveillance. As barcodes and other means of identification and asset tracking are inadequate for recent demands, RFID technology has attracted interest for applications such as logistics, supply chain management, asset tracking, and security access control. However, the cost of RFID limits their potential for the replacement of trillions of barcodes each year. The only possible solution is a fully printable chipless RFID tag.A novel RFID system comprised of a chipless RFID tag and an associated reader is reported in the thesis. The chipless tag is a fully-passive microwave circuit and uses spectral signatures for data encoding. The tag consists of a multi-resonator coupled to transmitting and receiving antennas. To accommodate multiple bits, the tag operates over the ultra wideband (UWB) frequency spectrum. UWB antennas are used to receive the interrogation signal sent from the reader and transmit the signal back to the reader after performing modulation of the frequency spectra with the multi-resonator. Modulation is performed in both amplitude and phase of the spectrum. A chipless tag up to 35 bits which operate over 3-7 GHz band has been designed.After the successful design of the chipless tag, three prototype readers have been developed. The Gen1 reader was designed to validate the chipless RFID concept using 6-bit chipless tag reading based on amplitude-only detection in S-band; the Gen2 reader is an upgraded version of Gen1 with both amplitude and phase detection capability; and the third generation reader is a UWB reader capable of reading up to 35-bits in the UWB band. The integrated reader is a complete system with analog RF and digital control sections loaded with graphical user interface (GUI) and software protocol. Both the hardware and software design of the RFID reader and field trials of the designed chipless RFID system have been validated in the real world environment. An investigation into antenna systems in order to enhance reading range up to 70 cm has also been performed.The unique features of the developed chipless RFID system are: (i) a low cost, fully printable tag and (ii) secure, remote and non-line-of-sight operability. The importance of this concept lies in the fact that chipless RFID tags become comparable to barcodes in terms of the substrate material used and the cost of fabrication. The main application of this chipless RFID system is in short-range tagging of extremely low cost items such as the Australian polymer banknote.

Chipless and Conventional Radio Frequency Identification: Systems for Ubiquitous Tagging

Chipless and Conventional Radio Frequency Identification: Systems for Ubiquitous Tagging
Systems for Ubiquitous Tagging

by Chandra Karmakar, Nemai

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2012-05-31
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1466616172
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a wireless tracking and data capturing technique for automatic identification, tracking, security surveillance, logistics, and supply chain management. RFID tags, which have been successfully employed in many industries including retail and healthcare, have provided a multitude of benefits but also currently remain very costly. Chipless and Conventional Radio Frequency Identification: Systems for Ubiquitous Tagging explores the use of conventional RFID technology as well as chipless RFID technology, which provides a cheaper method of implementation, opening many doors for a variety of applications and industries. This practical reference, designed for researchers and practitioners, investigates the growing field of RFID and its promising future.

Chipless RFID Reader Architecture

Chipless RFID Reader Architecture

by Nemai Chandra Karmakar,Randika Koswatta,Prasanna Kalansuriya,Rubayet E-Azim

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2013-08-01
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 1608075613
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the era of information communication technology (ICT), radio frequency identification (RFID) has been going through tremendous development. RFID technology has the potential of replacing barcodes due to its large information carrying capacity, flexibility in operations, and applications. The deployment of RFID has been hindered by its cost. However, with the advent of low powered ICs, energy scavenging techniques, and low-cost chipless tags, RFID technology has achieved significant development. This book addresses the new reader architecture, presents fundamentals of chipless RFID systems, and covers protocols. It also presents proof-of-concept implementations with potential to replace trillions of barcodes per year. Overall, this resource aims to not only explain the technology, but to make the chipless RFID reader system a viable commercial product for mass deployment. It is certainly a very useful resource in the new field.

Chipless RFID Sensors

Chipless RFID Sensors
A Book

by Nemai Chandra Karmakar,Emran Md Amin,Jhantu Kumar Saha

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-02-23
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1118936000
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Providing a classification of smart materials based on sensing physical parameters (i.e. humidity, temperature, pH, gas, strain, light, etc.)"--

Chipless RFID

Chipless RFID
Design Procedure and Detection Techniques

by Reza Rezaiesarlak,Majid Manteghi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-08
  • Pages : 159
  • ISBN : 3319101692
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the design of chipless RFID systems. The authors begin with the philosophy of RFID and its effect on commercial applications. Then, they discuss the chipless RFID systems and the application of chipless RFID systems, the advantages it provides compared to conventional barcode ID and chipped RFID tags. The text then covers chipless RFID components in block diagram representation and introduce FCC requirements which should be considered in the design procedure of each component. The third chapter is dedicated to the complex natural resonance-based design of chipless RFID tags. The next chapter concerns about the detection techniques introduced for the identification of chipless RFID tags. The fifth chapter is dedicated to the localization and anti-collision techniques in chipless RFID systems. Final chapter is chipless RFID tags as sensors. It provides some applications where the tag can be used as both ID and sensor. The tag specifications and detection issues are addressed in this section.

RCS Synthesis for Chipless RFID

RCS Synthesis for Chipless RFID
Theory and Design

by Olivier Rance,Etienne Perret,Romain Siragusa,Pierre Lemaitre-Auger

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-07-26
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 0081012675
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The considerable growth of RFID is currently accompanied by the development of numerous identification technologies that complement those already available while seeking to answer new problems. Chipless RFID is one example. The goal is to both significantly reduce the price of the tag and increase the amount of information it contains, in order to compete with the barcode while retaining the benefits of a flexible reading approach based on radio communication. To solve the problem of the number of bits, this book describes the possibility of coding the information at the level of the overall shape of the RCS of the tag, which would facilitate reaching very large quantities. The design of the tags then returns to the resolution of the inverse problem of the electromagnetic signature. The proposed design methodology regularizes the problem by decomposing the signature on a basis of elementary patterns whose signature is chosen in advance. Includes a theoretical presentation of scattering phenomenon in electromagnetism, regrouping elements from classical RFID, pulse radar, and antenna theory Features a new coding technique based on magnitude level that is presented and characterized for different kinds of tags Proposes, for the first time, RCS synthesis based on a physical approach for wide-frequency bands

Microwave Sleep Apnoea Monitoring

Microwave Sleep Apnoea Monitoring
A Book

by Nemai Chandra Karmakar,Yang Yang,Abdur Rahim

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-21
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN : 9811069018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the design, development and field trials of radio frequency based wireless monitoring system for sleep apnoea patients. It contains 4 major areas including general background of wireless monitoring technology and MIMO in wireless body area network (WBAN), microwave hardware designs, virtual MIMO in WBAN and hardware system level implementation and field trials. At components level, this book presents the design theory, process and examples of bandpass filters, lowpass filters, low profile patch antennas, power amplifiers and oscillators which are the key elements in transducer designs in the body area network and cooperative communication wireless sensor network system. At system level, this book features the hardware integration, field trial and network coding techniques. This book also gives a presentation of virtual MIMO applications, e.g. MIMO implementation using FPGA, correlation coefficient measurement. The book will create impact in the fields of wireless monitoring technology in biomedical engineering, which have been growing exponentially.

Handbook of Smart Antennas for RFID Systems

Handbook of Smart Antennas for RFID Systems
A Book

by Nemai Chandra Karmakar

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-02-25
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 9781118074398
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Smart Antennas for RFID Systems is a single comprehensive reference on the smart antenna technologies applied to RFID. This book will provide a timely reference book for researchers and students in the areas of both smart antennas and RFID technologies. It is the first book to combine two of the most important wireless technologies together in one book. The handbook will feature chapters by leading experts in both academia and industry offering an in-depth description of terminologies and concepts related to smart antennas in various RFID systems applications. Some topics are: adaptive beamforming for RFID smart antennas, multiuser interference suppression in RFID tag reading, phased array antennas for RFID applications, smart antennas in wireless systems and market analysis and case studies of RFID smart antennas. This handbook will cover the latest achievements in the designs and applications for smart antennas for RFID as well as the basic concepts, terms, protocols, systems architectures and case studies in smart antennas for RFID readers and tags.

Green RFID Systems

Green RFID Systems
A Book

by Luca Roselli

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-09-25
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1107030404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Learn how new materials and electronics technologies can make RFID systems more energy efficient and environmentally friendly. Experts show you how energy scavenging, passive/chipless RFID, RFID passive sensors, networked RFID, energy harvesting, organic devices, and wide area electronics can be used to develop green solutions for the Internet of Things.

Nanoelectronics, Circuits and Communication Systems

Nanoelectronics, Circuits and Communication Systems
Proceeding of NCCS 2018

by Vijay Nath

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811528543
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microstrip Lines and Slotlines, Third Edition

Microstrip Lines and Slotlines, Third Edition

by Ramesh Garg,Inder Bahl,Maurizio Bozzi

  • Publisher : Artech House
  • Release : 2013-05-01
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN : 1608075354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since the second edition of this book was published in 1996, planar transmission line technology has progressed considerably due to developments in ultrawideband (UWB) communications, imaging, and RFID applications. In addition, the simultaneous demands for compactness of wireless electronic devices while meeting improved performance requirements, necessitates increased use of computer-aided design, simulation, and analysis by microwave engineers. This book is written to help engineers successfully meet these challenges. Details include the development of governing equations, basis functions, Green’s function and typical results. More than 1200 equations supplement the text. Special attention is given to the use of simulation software in the design of complex devices and understanding the connection between data collected from simulation software and the actual design process. The book is primarily intended for microwave design engineers and R&D specialists who need to employ planar transmission lines in designing distributed circuits and antenna systems for a wide range of wireless applications. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in electronics and telecommunication engineering will also welcome this addition to your library.

RFID For Dummies

RFID For Dummies
A Book

by Patrick J. Sweeney, II

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-03-11
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9781118054475
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Many companies have asked suppliers to begin using RFID (radio frequency identification) tags by 2006 RFID allows pallets and products to be scanned at a greater distance and with less effort than barcode scanning, offering superior supply-chain management efficiencies This unique plain-English resource explains RFID and shows CIOs, warehouse managers, and supply-chain managers how to implement RFID tagging in products and deploy RFID scanning at a warehouse or distribution center Covers the business case for RFID, pilot programs, timelines and strategies for site assessments and deployments, testing guidelines, privacy and regulatory issues, and more

Wireless Sensor Networks

Wireless Sensor Networks
Technology, Protocols, and Applications

by Kazem Sohraby,Daniel Minoli,Taieb Znati

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-04-06
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0470112751
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Infrastructure for Homeland Security Environments Wireless Sensor Networks helps readers discover the emerging field of low-cost standards-based sensors that promise a high order of spatial and temporal resolution and accuracy in an ever-increasing universe of applications. It shares the latest advances in science and engineering paving the way towards a large plethora of new applications in such areas as infrastructure protection and security, healthcare, energy, food safety, RFID, ZigBee, and processing. Unlike other books on wireless sensor networks that focus on limited topics in the field, this book is a broad introduction that covers all the major technology, standards, and application topics. It contains everything readers need to know to enter this burgeoning field, including current applications and promising research and development; communication and networking protocols; middleware architecture for wireless sensor networks; and security and management. The straightforward and engaging writing style of this book makes even complex concepts and processes easy to follow and understand. In addition, it offers several features that help readers grasp the material and then apply their knowledge in designing their own wireless sensor network systems: * Examples illustrate how concepts are applied to the development and application of * wireless sensor networks * Detailed case studies set forth all the steps of design and implementation needed to solve real-world problems * Chapter conclusions that serve as an excellent review by stressing the chapter's key concepts * References in each chapter guide readers to in-depth discussions of individual topics This book is ideal for networking designers and engineers who want to fully exploit this new technology and for government employees who are concerned about homeland security. With its examples, it is appropriate for use as a coursebook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students.

Introduction to Ultra Wideband Communication Systems, An (paperback)

Introduction to Ultra Wideband Communication Systems, An (paperback)
A Book

by Jeffrey H. Reed

  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release : 2005-04
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780133038699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Ultra Wide Band Communication Systems offers a comprehensive view of UWB system design, that spans propagation, antennas, receive and transmitter implementations, standards and regulations, interference issues, simulation techniques, modulation and multiple access, network issues, and applications. This book encompasses all areas of design and implementation of UWB systems crucial to their successful testing and deployment. UWB offers unique capabilities, such as extremely high data rates, and building partitions and ground penetrating transmission. The FCC acknowledged the benefits of UWB when, in 2001, regulations were modified to allow the transmission of UWB signals. The standardization effort has recently come to fruition with the creation of a new, regulated communication standard. However, a new standard brings along with it new regulations and equipment; and the design of UWB systems is very different than traditional communication systems. The current general reference books for design of communication systems are insufficient, and in some cases could be misleading to a UWB designer. Furthermore, there is a tremendous need to unify the diverse concepts and fields of study embedded in the design of UWB systems.

RFID Systems

RFID Systems
Research Trends and Challenges

by Miodrag Bolic,David Simplot-Ryl,Ivan Stojmenovic

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-09-23
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 9780470975664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an insight into the 'hot' field of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Systems In this book, the authors provide an insight into the field of RFID systems with an emphasis on networking aspects and research challenges related to passive Ultra High Frequency (UHF) RFID systems. The book reviews various algorithms, protocols and design solutions that have been developed within the area, including most recent advances. In addition, authors cover a wide range of recognized problems in RFID industry, striking a balance between theoretical and practical coverage. Limitations of the technology and state-of-the-art solutions are identified and new research opportunities are addressed. Finally, the book is authored by experts and respected researchers in the field and every chapter is peer reviewed. Key Features: Provides the most comprehensive analysis of networking aspects of RFID systems, including tag identification protocols and reader anti-collision algorithms Covers in detail major research problems of passive UHF systems such as improving reading accuracy, reading range and throughput Analyzes other "hot topics" including localization of passive RFID tags, energy harvesting, simulator and emulator design, security and privacy Discusses design of tag antennas, tag and reader circuits for passive UHF RFID systems Presents EPCGlobal architecture framework, middleware and protocols Includes an accompanying website with PowerPoint slides and solutions to the problems http://www.site.uottawa.ca/~mbolic/RFIDBook/ This book will be an invaluable guide for researchers and graduate students in electrical engineering and computer science, and researchers and developers in telecommunication industry.