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Functional Chitosan

Functional Chitosan
Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications

by Sougata Jana,Subrata Jana

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-10
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 9811502633
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thanks to their unique properties, chitosan and chitosan-based materials have numerous applications in the field of biomedicine, especially in drug delivery. This book examines biomedical applications of functional chitosan, exploring the various functions and applications in the development of chitosan-based biomaterials. It also describes the chemical structure of chitosan and discusses the relationship between their structure and functions, providing a theoretical basis for the design of biomaterials. Lastly, it reviews chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and gene delivery.

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1
Fundamentals

by Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-26
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0081002572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Volume 1, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book looks at the fundamentals of chitosan-based biomaterials. Contains specific focus on the techniques and technologies needed to develop chitosan for biomedical applications Presents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals Provides contributions from leading researchers with extensive experience in chitosan

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides
A Book

by Emad Shalaby

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-01-11
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9535128590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine organisms have been under research for the last decades as a source for different active compounds with various biological activities and application in agriculture, pharmacy, medicine, environment, and industries. Marine polysaccharides from these active compounds are used as antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, bioremediations, etc. During the last three decades, several important factors that control the production of phytoplankton polysaccharides have been identified such as chemical concentrations, temperature, light, etc. The current book includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around the world; the chapters are categorized into three sections: Marine Polysaccharides and Agriculture, Marine Polysaccharides and Biological Activities, and Marine Polysaccharides and Industries.

Chitosan

Chitosan
Derivatives, Composites and Applications

by Shakeel Ahmed,Saiqa Ikram

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-08-04
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 1119364817
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book delves deeply in to the preparation, characterization and multiple applications of chitin and chitosan. The 17 chapters written by leading experts is an excellent reference source and state-of-the-art review for researchers and scientists using chitosan or biopolymers in their respective areas. This book is divided into following sections: • Production and derivatives of chitosan • Chitosan in the textile and food industries • Chitosan in biomedical applications • Chitosan in agriculture and water treatment The book is practical as readers will be able to see descriptions of chitosan production methods as well as techniques that can be used to estimate and modify their physical and chemical properties. It provides a full description not only of the traditional and recent developments in the applications of chitosan in the fields of biotechnology, environmental studies, food, medicine, water treatments, drug delivery, but it includes all of the therapeutically usages as well.

Chitosan Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

Chitosan Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Paula Pereira

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 9781617610981
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chitosan is a rather abundant material with exquisite properties, which may be processed into a variety of materials including hydrogels, fibres, membranes, etc. The production of chitosan-based nanogels, also known as macromolecular miceles, has been successfully achieved using different techniques, which will be reviewed. This book covers the properties and applications of chitosan nanogels in the biomedical field, namely as a drug delivery vehicle for biopharmaceuticals. The main achievements and recent developments will be addressed in this book.

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Smart Materials for Biomedical Applications

by Lacramioara Popa,Mihaela Violeta Ghica,Cristina Dinu-Pirvu

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-04-10
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 1789858755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogels, as three-dimensional polymer networks, are able to retain a large amount of water in their swollen state. The biomedical application of hydrogels was initially hampered by the toxicity of cross-linking agents and the limitations of hydrogel formation under physiological conditions. However, emerging knowledge in polymer chemistry and an increased understanding of biological processes have resulted in the design of versatile materials and minimally invasive therapies.The novel but challenging properties of hydrogels are attracting the attention of researchers in the biological, medical, and pharmaceutical fields. In the last few years, new methods have been developed for the preparation of hydrophilic polymers and hydrogels, which may be used in future biomedical and drug delivery applications. Such efforts include the synthesis of self-organized nanostructures based on triblock copolymers with applications in controlled drug delivery. These hydrogels could be used as carriers for drug delivery when combined with the techniques of drug imprinting and subsequent release. Engineered protein hydrogels have many potential advantages. They are excellent biomaterials and biodegradables. Furthermore, they could encapsulate drugs and be used in injectable forms to replace surgery, to repair damaged cartilage, in regenerative medicine, or in tissue engineering. Also, they have potential applications in gene therapy, although this field is relatively new.

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives
Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments

by Se-Kwon Kim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-12-04
  • Pages : 527
  • ISBN : 1466566280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A natural long-chain polymer, chitin is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods (including crustaceans and insects), the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods. However, marine crustacean shells are the primary sources of the chitin derivative chitosan. Chitin and chitosan are useful for various biological and biomedical applications, although they have been limited by poor solubility in the past. Current research focuses on increasing their solubility and bioactivity through molecular modifications. The resulting derivatives are receiving much attention for interesting properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nontoxicity, that make them suitable for use in the biomedical field. Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments presents current research trends in the synthesis of chitin and chitosan derivatives, their biological activities, and their biomedical applications. Part I discusses basic information about the synthesis and characterization of a variety of derivatives, including the preparation of chitin nanofibers. Part II covers chitin and chitosan modifications as the basis for biological applications. It describes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial activities. Part III addresses chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and wound dressing. A must-have reference for novices and experts in biotechnology, natural products, materials science, nutraceuticals, and biomedical engineering, this book presents a wide range of biological and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan derivatives for drug discovery and development.

Marine Polysaccharides

Marine Polysaccharides
Advances and Multifaceted Applications

by Shakeel Ahmed,Aisverya Soundararajan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-20
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 0429602669
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the past few decades, marine organisms, including macroalgae and microalgae, have been extensively explored as potential sources of bioactive compounds with applications in various fields such as pharmaceuticals, biomedicine, cosmetics and foodstuffs. Marine polysaccharides, such as chitin/chitosan, ulvans, fucans, alginates and carrageenans, are biochemical compounds with several important properties such as anticoagulant and/or antithrombotic, immunomodulatory, antitumor, antilipidemic, hypoglycemic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Due to their biocompatible, nontoxic and biodegradable nature, marine polysaccharides offer a better alternative to be used in advancement of the biomedical field. This book focuses on marine polysaccharides; their derivatives, blends, composites and hydrogels; and their multifaceted applications in various fields. The book also discusses the various aspects of marine polysaccharides from the point of view of chemistry and related applications. It is an important reference for marine biotechnologists, natural product scientists, students, researchers and academicians working in the area of materials science, marine science and polymer chemistry.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 35

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 35
Chitin and Chitosan: History, Fundamentals and Innovations

by Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-06-04
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 3030165388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reviews recent research and applications of chitin and chitosan, as natural alternatives of fossil fuel products, in green chemistry, energy, biotechnology, bioprinting, medicine, water treatment, agriculture and food science. Chitin and chitosan products are polysaccharides derived from food waste of crustaceans and fungi, and thus are cheap, abundant, sustainable, non-toxic, recyclable and biocompatible.

Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications

Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications
A Book

by Lambertus A. M. van den Broek,Carmen G. Boeriu,Christian V. Stevens

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-01-28
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 1119450438
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offers a comprehensive guide to the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. These promising biomaterials have the potential to be broadly applied and there is a growing market for these biopolymers in areas such as medical and pharmaceutical, packaging, agricultural, textile, cosmetics, nanoparticles and more. The authors – noted experts in the field – explore the isolation, characterization and the physical and chemical properties of chitin and chitosan. They also examine their properties such as hydrogels, immunomodulation and biotechnology, antimicrobial activity and chemical enzymatic modifications. The book offers an analysis of the myriad medical and pharmaceutical applications as well as a review of applications in other areas. In addition, the authors discuss regulations, markets and perspectives for the use of chitin and chitosan. This important book: Offers a thorough review of the isolation, properties and applications of chitin and chitosan. Contains information on the wide-ranging applications and growing market demand for chitin and chitosan Includes a discussion of current regulations and the outlook for the future Written for Researchers in academia and industry who are working in the fields of chitin and chitosan, Chitin and Chitosan: Properties and Applications offers a review of these promising biomaterials that have great potential due to their material properties and biological functionalities.

Chitin and Chitinases

Chitin and Chitinases
A Book

by Pierre Jollès (prof. dr.),Riccardo A. A. Muzzarelli

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fungal Nanobionics: Principles and Applications

Fungal Nanobionics: Principles and Applications
A Book

by Ram Prasad,Vivek Kumar,Manoj Kumar,Shanquan Wang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-07-27
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9811086664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fungal nanobionics has great prospects for developing new products with industrial, agriculture, medicine and consumer applications in a wide range of sectors. The fields of chemical engineering, agri-food, biochemical, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics and medical device development all employ fungal products, with fungal nanomaterials currently used in a wide range of applications, ranging from drug development to food industry and agricultural sector. The fungal agents emerge as an environmentally friendly, clean, non‐toxic agent for the biogenic metal nanoparticles and employs both intracellular and extracellular methods. The simplicity of scaling up and downstream processing and the presence of fungal mycelia affording an increased surface area provide key advantages. In addition, the larger spectrum of synthesized nanoparticle morphologies and the substantially faster biosynthesis rate in cell-free filtrate (due to the higher amount of proteins secreted in fungi) make this a particularly enticing route. Understanding the diversity of fungi in assorted ecosystems, as well as their interactions with other microorganisms, animals and plants, is essential to underpin real and innovative technological developments and the applications of metal nanoparticles in many disciplines including agriculture, catalysis, and biomedical biosensors. Importantly, biogenic fungal nanoparticles show significant synergistic characteristics when combined with antibiotics and fungicides to offer substantially greater resistance to microbial growth and applications in nanomedicine ranging from topical ointments and bandages for wound healing to coated stents.

Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan

Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan
Volume 1: Preparation and Properties

by Sabu Thomas,Anitha Pius,Sreerag Gopi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-19
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128179716
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan: Preparation and Properties, Volume One, is a must-read for polymer chemists, physicists and engineers interested in the development of ecofriendly micro and nanostructured functional materials based on chitin and their various applications. The book addresses the entirety of working with these materials, from their isolation, preparation and properties, through composites, nanomaterials, manufacturing and characterizations. This is the first of three volumes in a series that contains the latest on the major applications of chitin and chitosan based IPN’s, blends, gels, composites and nanocomposites, including environmental remediation, biomedical applications and smart material applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of Chitin and Chitosan materials, from their synthesis and nanomaterials, to their manufacture and applications Volume One focuses on the synthesis and properties of Chitosan and/or Chitin Includes contributions from leading researchers across the globe and from industry, academia, government and private research institutions Highlights current status and future opportunities

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 2

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 2
Tissue Engineering and Therapeutics

by Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-28
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0081002564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Tissue Engineering and Therapeutics, Volume 2, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book provides readers with a full coverage of the applications of chitosan-based biomaterials. Presents specific focus on tissue engineering and therapeutics Provides comprehensive treatment of all biomaterial applications of chitosan Contains contributions by leading researchers with extensive experience in the material

Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications

Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Md Saquib Hasnain,Amit Kumar Nayak

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-07-23
  • Pages : 654
  • ISBN : 0128170565
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications provides a fundamental overview of natural polysaccharides, their sources, extraction methodologies, and characterizations. It covers specific natural polysaccharides and their effective application in drug delivery and biomedical use. Additionally, chapters in the book discuss key topics including the sources and extraction methodologies of natural polysaccharides, their role in tissue engineering applications, polysaccharide-based nanoparticles in biomedical applications, and their role in the delivery of anticancer drugs. Written by industry leaders and edited by experts, this book emphasizes recent advances made in the field. Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications provides academics, researchers, and pharmaceutical health care professionals with a comprehensive book on polysaccharides in pharmaceutical delivery process. Provides fundamental concepts of natural polysaccharides as it applies to the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and biotechnology industries Includes contributions from global leaders and experts from academia, industry, and regulatory agencies in the application of natural polysaccharides in pharmaceutical products and biomedical utilization Offers practical examples, illustrations, chemical structures, and research case studies to help explain natural polysaccharides concepts in drug delivery and biomedical applications

Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives

Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives
Biological Activities and Applications

by Se-Kwon Kim

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-07-14
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN : 1439816042
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biopolymers found in marine animals and plants offer tremendous, largely untapped pharmaceutical potential. Research shows that these biopolymers can be used to combat various infectious as well as inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic factors. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications cove

Advanced Biomaterials and Biodevices

Advanced Biomaterials and Biodevices
A Book

by Ashutosh Tiwari,Anis N. Nordin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-06-30
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1118774132
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This cutting-edge book focuses on the emerging area ofbiomaterials and biodevices that incorporate therapeutic agents,molecular targeting, and diagnostic imaging capabilities The design and development of biomaterials play a significantrole in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. Whenused with highly selective and sensitive biomaterials, cutting-edgebiodevices can allow the rapid and accurate diagnosis of disease,creating a platform for research and development, especially in thefield of treatment for prognosis and detection of diseases in theearly stage. This book emphasizes the emerging area of biomaterialsand biodevices that incorporate therapeutic agents, moleculartargeting, and diagnostic imaging capabilities. The 15 comprehensive chapters written by leading experts coversuch topics as: The use of severe plastic deformation technique to enhance theproperties of nanostructured metals Descriptions of the different polymers for use in controlleddrug release Chitin and chitosan as renewable healthcare biopolymers forbiomedical applications Innovated devices such as “label-free biochips” andpolymer MEMS Molecular imprinting and nanotechnology Prussian Blue biosensing applications The evaluation of different types of biosensors in terms oftheir cost effectiveness, selectivity, and sensitivity Stimuli-responsive polypeptide nanocarriers for malignancytherapeutics

Extracellular Sugar-Based Biopolymers Matrices

Extracellular Sugar-Based Biopolymers Matrices
A Book

by Ephraim Cohen,Hans Merzendorfer

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-02
  • Pages : 820
  • ISBN : 3030129195
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an acellular three-dimensional network composed of proteins, glycoproteins, proteoglycans and exopolysaccharides. It primarily serves as a structural component in the tissues and organs of plants and animals, or forms biofilms in which bacterial cells are embedded. ECMs are highly dynamic structures that undergo continuous remodeling, and disruptions are frequently the result of pathological processes associated with severe diseases such as arteriosclerosis, neurodegenerative illness or cancer. In turn, bacterial biofilms are a source of concern for human health, as they are associated with resistance to antibiotics. Although exopolysaccharides are crucial for ECM formation and function, they have received considerably little attention to date. The respective chapters of this book comprehensively address such issues, and provide reviews on the structural, biochemical, molecular and biophysical properties of exopolysaccharides. These components are abundantly produced by virtually all taxa including bacteria, algae, plants, fungi, invertebrates and vertebrates. They include long unbranched homopolymers (cellulose, chitin/chitosan), linear copolymers (alginate, agarose), peptoglycans such as murein, heteropolymers like a variety of glycosaminoglycans (hyaluronan, dermatan, keratin, heparin, Pel), and branched heteropolymers such as pectin and hemicellulose. A separate chapter is dedicated to modern industrial and biomedical applications of exopolysaccharides and polysaccharide-based biocomposites. Their unique chemical, physical and mechanical properties have attracted considerable interest, inspired basic and applied research, and have already been harnessed to form structural biocomposite hybrids for tailor-made applications in regenerative medicine, bioengineering and biosensor design. Given its scope, this book provides a substantial source of basic and applied information for a wide range of scientists, as well as valuable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Chitin and Chitosan for Regenerative Medicine

Chitin and Chitosan for Regenerative Medicine
A Book

by Pradip Kumar Dutta

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-09-04
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 8132225112
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book is an excellent reference for scientists, researchers and students working in the field of areas of biopolymeric biomaterials, biomedical engineering, therapeutics, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The book is divided into two parts: Part I will focus on the tissue engineering and Part II focuses on therapeutics, functionalization and computer-aided techniques. The book consists of 13 chapters contributed by 20 international contributors who are leading experts in the field of biopolymers and its applications. It will focus on the advancements of chitin and chitosan in regenerative medicine. Regenerative medicine in tissue engineering is the process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues, or organs to restore or establish normal function. It is an incredibly progressive field of medicine that may, in the near future, help with the shortage of life-saving organs available through donation for transplantation vis-a-vis regenerative medicine focuses on therapeutics, functionalization and computer-aided techniques. It also covers physical and chemical aspects of chitin and chitosan, structural modifications for biomedical applications, chitosan based scaffolds and biomodelling in tissue engineering, nanomedicines and therapeutic applications. With the broad range of applications, the world is waiting for biopolymers to serve as the basis for regenerative medicine and biomedical applications.

Applications of Chitan and Chitosan

Applications of Chitan and Chitosan
A Book

by Mattheus F. A. Goosen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-08-19
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 100015436X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The main driving force behind the development of new applications for chitin and its derivative chitosan lies with the fact that these polysaccharides represent a renewable source of natural biodegradable polymers. Since chitin is the second most abundant natural polymer, academic as well as industrial scientists are faced with a great challenge to find new and practical applications for this material. This book provides an examination of the state of the art, and discusses new applications as well as potential products. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan deals almost exclusively with applications. Previous books in the field have devoted less than 30% of their material to commercial or medical uses. In the past thirty years, substantial progress has been made on fundamental and applied research in chitosan technology. One of the driving forces behind this rapid development has been the decrease in the supply of natural resources. At the same time there has been an increased realization that there are abundant alternative bioresources. Two factors-economics and versatility-have also stimulated interest in chitosan's utilization in various fields. Chitin and chitosan derivatives have applications in fields that range from fertilizers to pharmaceuticals. Chitosan is no longer just a waste by-product from the seafood processing industry. This material is now being utilized by industry to solve problems and to improve existing products, as well as to create new ones. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan is illustrated with over 100 photos, charts, graphs and figures and more than 40 tables. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan will be of interest to industrial personnel involved in bioprocessing as well as bioengineering students, specialists in the biomedical and biopharmaceutical industry, biochemists, food engineers, environmentalists, and microbiologists and biologists who specialize in chitosan technology. Publication: Fall 1996.