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Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations
A Book

by Guillermo Garcia-Garcia,Lawrence Agodoa,Keith C. Norris

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-07-08
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0128043822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations investigates the increased incidence and prevalence of kidney disease in vulnerable populations world-wide. The volume explores the complex interactions of genetic, biologic, cultural and socioeconomic factors such as the environment, and specific health behaviors that seem to be responsible for a significant proportion of the health disparities in these communities. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the field and analyzes the prevalence and incidence of pre-dialysis kidney disease in disadvantaged populations across both developed and developing countries. In addition, each contribution analyzes differentiated risk factors and compares the disparities in access to screening, prevention strategies, treatment protocols and renal replacement therapies. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations is essential reading for residents, fellows, clinicians and biomedical researchers working in nephrology, internal medicine, and epidemiology, especially those working in areas with high concentrations of disadvantaged populations. Presents a comprehensive account of both traditional and non-traditional risk factors for kidney disease Explores the mechanisms by which poverty increases the burden of kidney disease in these populations, barriers to access to renal health care, including renal replacement therapies, organ donation, and organ commercialization Offers the latest perspectives on outcomes in renal replacement therapies as well as prevention strategies

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations
A Book

by Guillermo Garcia-Garcia,Lawrence Agodoa,Keith C. Norris

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-07-11
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 9780128043110
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations investigates the increased incidence and prevalence of kidney disease in vulnerable populations world-wide. The volume explores the complex interactions of genetic, biologic, cultural and socioeconomic factors such as the environment, and specific health behaviors that seem to be responsible for a significant proportion of the health disparities in these communities. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the field and analyzes the prevalence and incidence of pre-dialysis kidney disease in disadvantaged populations across both developed and developing countries. In addition, each contribution analyzes differentiated risk factors and compares the disparities in access to screening, prevention strategies, treatment protocols and renal replacement therapies. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations is essential reading for residents, fellows, clinicians and biomedical researchers working in nephrology, internal medicine, and epidemiology, especially those working in areas with high concentrations of disadvantaged populations. Presents a comprehensive account of both traditional and non-traditional risk factors for kidney disease Explores the mechanisms by which poverty increases the burden of kidney disease in these populations, barriers to access to renal health care, including renal replacement therapies, organ donation, and organ commercialization Offers the latest perspectives on outcomes in renal replacement therapies as well as prevention strategies

Chronic Renal Disease

Chronic Renal Disease
A Book

by Paul L. Kimmel,Mark E. Rosenberg

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-28
  • Pages : 1390
  • ISBN : 0128158778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chronic Renal Disease, Second Edition, comprehensively investigates the physiology, pathophysiology, treatment and management of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This translational reference takes an in-depth look at CKD with no coverage of dialysis or transplantation. Chapters are devoted to the scientific investigation of chronic kidney disease, the most common problems faced by nephrologists in the management of chronic kidney disease, specific illnesses in the CKD framework, and how the management of CKD in a polycystic kidney disease patient differs from other CKD patients. This award-winning reference features a series of case studies, covering both clinical aspects and pathophysiology. Questions are open ended, progressively more difficult, and repetitive across different patient clinical problems and different chapters. The cases and questions included will be useful for medical students, residency board reviews, and clinician teaching or conference preparation. Includes case studies and questions which can be used as a teaching tool for medical students and resident Provides coverage of classification and measurement, epidemiology, pathophysiology, complications of CKD, fluid/electrolyte disorders in CKD, CKD and systemic illnesses, clinical considerations, therapeutic considerations, and special considerations

Psychosocial Aspects of Chronic Kidney Disease

Psychosocial Aspects of Chronic Kidney Disease
Exploring the Impact of CKD, Dialysis, and Transplantation on Patients

by Daniel Cukor,Scott D. Cohen,Paul L. Kimmel

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-01
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0128170816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychosocial Aspects of Chronic Kidney Disease: Exploring the Impact of CKD, Dialysis, and Transplantation on Patients provides an overview of the emotional and psychological challenges faced by people with renal disease. This book outlines the epidemiology and treatment of the psychosocial factors affecting them. The sections in the book cover psychiatric illness in the earlier and middle stages of chronic kidney disease, end-stage renal disease treated with dialysis, and renal transplantation. The book concludes with a section on special considerations, delving into topics such as treating children and adolescents, quality of life, caregiver burden, challenges in psychosocial research in kidney disease, and future directions for intervention. Includes chapters that are written by a leading group of international researchers Emphasizes practical approaches to patient care and treatment issues Explores psychosocial issues related to hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis Discusses available treatment for anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, pain, nonadherence, cognitive dysfunction, palliative care, and other psychosocial concerns

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease
from Pathophysiology to Clinical Improvements

by Thomas Rath

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-02-21
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 953513843X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Known worldwide, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a disease that affects up to 4% of the population with increasing figures also in the developing countries. Life expectancy of patients affected by CKD is shortened compared to the overall population, and only a minority of patients reach end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with the need for dialysis or renal transplantation; death overtakes dialysis. In the 13 chapters, this book sheds light on the different aspects related to pathophysiology and clinical aspects of CKD, providing interesting insights into not only inflammation and cardiovascular risk but also the interplay of hormones and the functional aspects of endothelial function. In addition, chapters dealing with genetic aspects of polycystic kidney disease and also the clinical handling of patients with CKD and peritoneal dialysis will be beneficial for the open-minded reader.

Diabetes and Hypertension

Diabetes and Hypertension
A Book

by F.A. Gries,P. Weidmann

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 137
  • ISBN : 3642732321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The association of diabetes mellitus and hypertension has been well known for a long time. However, the important impact of hypertension on the development of chronic complications of diabetes and on the prognosis of the diabetic patient has only recently been realized. The increasing number of patients with endstage diabetic nephropathy who need regular dialysis or renal transplantation reflects only one important aspect of this problem. As new targets for the treatment of hypertension were considered, it became evident, that drug treatment of hypertension in diabetics must take side effects into account which may be negligible in the nondiabetic patient. Basic research has granted much new insight into the mechanisms which function to link diabetes, kidney function, hypertension, and vascular disease. As a result of the high specialisation in research, such new information diffuses only slowly out of the circles of experts into clinical practice. Therefore, it was a most rewarding initiative of the Bayer Company to sponsor a conference which aimed at a mutual exchange of ideas between clinicians and researchers who are experts in either hypertension or diabetes.

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations
A Book

by Guillermo Garcia-Garcia,Lawrence Agodoa,Keith C. Norris

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-07-08
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 0128043822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations investigates the increased incidence and prevalence of kidney disease in vulnerable populations world-wide. The volume explores the complex interactions of genetic, biologic, cultural and socioeconomic factors such as the environment, and specific health behaviors that seem to be responsible for a significant proportion of the health disparities in these communities. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the field and analyzes the prevalence and incidence of pre-dialysis kidney disease in disadvantaged populations across both developed and developing countries. In addition, each contribution analyzes differentiated risk factors and compares the disparities in access to screening, prevention strategies, treatment protocols and renal replacement therapies. Chronic Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations is essential reading for residents, fellows, clinicians and biomedical researchers working in nephrology, internal medicine, and epidemiology, especially those working in areas with high concentrations of disadvantaged populations. Presents a comprehensive account of both traditional and non-traditional risk factors for kidney disease Explores the mechanisms by which poverty increases the burden of kidney disease in these populations, barriers to access to renal health care, including renal replacement therapies, organ donation, and organ commercialization Offers the latest perspectives on outcomes in renal replacement therapies as well as prevention strategies

Handbook of Life Course Health Development

Handbook of Life Course Health Development
A Book

by Neal Halfon,Christopher B. Forrest,Richard M. Lerner,Elaine M. Faustman

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-11-20
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 3319471430
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. ​This handbook synthesizes and analyzes the growing knowledge base on life course health development (LCHD) from the prenatal period through emerging adulthood, with implications for clinical practice and public health. It presents LCHD as an innovative field with a sound theoretical framework for understanding wellness and disease from a lifespan perspective, replacing previous medical, biopsychosocial, and early genomic models of health. Interdisciplinary chapters discuss major health concerns (diabetes, obesity), important less-studied conditions (hearing, kidney health), and large-scale issues (nutrition, adversity) from a lifespan viewpoint. In addition, chapters address methodological approaches and challenges by analyzing existing measures, studies, and surveys. The book concludes with the editors’ research agenda that proposes priorities for future LCHD research and its application to health care practice and health policy. Topics featured in the Handbook include: The prenatal period and its effect on child obesity and metabolic outcomes. Pregnancy complications and their effect on women’s cardiovascular health. A multi-level approach for obesity prevention in children. Application of the LCHD framework to autism spectrum disorder. Socioeconomic disadvantage and its influence on health development across the lifespan. The importance of nutrition to optimal health development across the lifespan. The Handbook of Life Course Health Development is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians/professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology/science; maternal and child health; social work; health economics; educational policy and politics; and medical law as well as many interrelated subdisciplines in psychology, medicine, public health, mental health, education, social welfare, economics, sociology, and law.

Primary Care and Public Health

Primary Care and Public Health
Exploring Integration to Improve Population Health

by Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Integrating Primary Care and Public Health

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2012-07-19
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0309255201
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ensuring that members of society are healthy and reaching their full potential requires the prevention of disease and injury; the promotion of health and well-being; the assurance of conditions in which people can be healthy; and the provision of timely, effective, and coordinated health care. Achieving substantial and lasting improvements in population health will require a concerted effort from all these entities, aligned with a common goal. The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM) examine the integration of primary care and public health. Primary Care and Public Health identifies the best examples of effective public health and primary care integration and the factors that promote and sustain these efforts, examines ways by which HRSA and CDC can use provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to promote the integration of primary care and public health, and discusses how HRSA-supported primary care systems and state and local public health departments can effectively integrate and coordinate to improve efforts directed at disease prevention. This report is essential for all health care centers and providers, state and local policy makers, educators, government agencies, and the public for learning how to integrate and improve population health.

Uremic Toxins

Uremic Toxins
A Book

by Severin Ringoir,Raymond Vanholder,Shaul G. Massry

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1468454455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The present book contains the Proceedings of a two day Symposium on Uremic Toxins organized at the University of Ghent in Belgium. A series of guest lectures, free communications and posters have been presented. An international audience of 163 scientists from 16 nationalities listened to and discussed extensively a spectrum of topics brought forward by colleagues and researchers who worked for many years in the field of Uremic Toxins. There is a striking contrast between all the new dialysis strategies available in the work to "clean" the uremic patients and the almost non-progression of our knowledge on uremic toxins in the past decade. In this sense the symposium was felt by all participants as a new start for the research in the biochemical field of the definition of uremia. If the present volume would stimulate new work in this field in order to define uremia, or identify the uremic toxins, the purpose of the organizers would be maximally fulfilled.

Advances in Osteoporosis

Advances in Osteoporosis
A Book

by Yannis Dionyssiotis

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-03-04
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9535120271
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A balanced regulation of bone formation and resorption in the healthy individual is required for a healthy bone. On the other side, there are many factors which can lead to alterations in bone density and microarchitecture. Menopause is a condition which can increase the remodeling process in favor of resorption. Moreover, there are also some diseases, i.e. chronic kidney bone disease, that increase the possibility of fractures and the subsequent disability leading to increased mortality. However, it is clear that drugs are an essential element of the therapy and this issue is analyzed extensively in this book. Some novel pathophysiological mechanisms are also presented, offering advanced knowledge to the reader. The book includes chapters from scientific departments and researchers from all over the world.

Management of Chronic Kidney Disease

Management of Chronic Kidney Disease
A Clinician’s Guide

by Mustafa Arici

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-08-16
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN : 3642546374
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a comprehensive and instructive management plan for physicians who care for CKD patients. Basic aspects of CKD, clinical assessment, evaluation and management of risk factors, cardiovascular disease in the context of CKD, assessment and management of CKD complications, special circumstances in CKD patients, and the path to renal replacement therapy are all thoroughly covered. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches are presented according to the latest staging system for CKD, with patient care being discussed separately for each disease stage. The proposed management plan is both “best available evidence based” and “practice based”. The book also recognizes the needs of busy clinicians by including helpful boxes summarizing the evidence on diagnostic and therapeutic issues and practice pearls based on guidelines. The authors are recognized experts from across the world, ensuring global coverage of the problem, and most have participated in writing guidelines on CKD.

Advances in Nephropathy

Advances in Nephropathy
A Book

by Thomas Rath

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-10-24
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1789842352
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a world-wide known disease affecting up to 4% of the population with increasing figures in developing countries. Life expectancy of patients affected by CKD is shortened compared to the overall population and only a minority of patients reach end stage renal disease (ESRD) with the need for dialysis or renal transplantation; death overtakes dialysis. In nine chapters, this book focuses on different aspects related to the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of CKD, providing interesting insights into new and old biomarkers, allowing us to increase diagnostic and prognostic meaningfulness. In addition, chapters deal with new developments in glomerulopathies, but also aspects of the "tubulocentric" shift will be beneficial for the open-minded reader. Nevertheless, new insights into chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) are provided.

Current Topics in Anemia

Current Topics in Anemia
A Book

by Jesmine Khan

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-02-07
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 9535137743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deals with a very common condition, anemia, which might interest not only the physicians but also other healthcare professionals and researchers dealing with anemic patients. The objective of this book was to collect and compile up-to-date information from reputable researchers of different countries of the world to disseminate the latest information about the common types of anemia in some specific physiological and pathological conditions including pathophysiology and the use of algorithms as a tool to minimize the laboratory tests and accurate diagnosis of the underlying cause. In total, there are 13 chapters in this book where the authors shared their research findings and real-life experiences in managing their patients with anemia.

Health-Care Utilization as a Proxy in Disability Determination

Health-Care Utilization as a Proxy in Disability Determination
A Book

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Health Care Utilization and Adults with Disabilities

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2018-04-02
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 030946921X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers two programs that provide benefits based on disability: the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. This report analyzes health care utilizations as they relate to impairment severity and SSA's definition of disability. Health Care Utilization as a Proxy in Disability Determination identifies types of utilizations that might be good proxies for "listing-level" severity; that is, what represents an impairment, or combination of impairments, that are severe enough to prevent a person from doing any gainful activity, regardless of age, education, or work experience.

Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis
From Basic Research to Clinical Trials

by Claudio Ronco,Dinna N. Cruz

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2008-01-01
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 3805585667
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ronco and Cruz (both Dept. of Nephrology, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy) present a collection of 36 articles focusing on the physiological aspects of hemodialysis treatments as well as practical questions in the dialysis unit. Originally created as a supplement to the lectures presented at the 17th Annual International Course on Hemodialysis, a three-day event held in Vicenza, Italy, the text provides a valuable reference for the clinician interested in keeping up on developments in the field of hemodialysis. Thirty-six contributions by some 80 international academics, researchers, and practitioners are organized into ten sections covering dialysis technology, vascular access, epidemiology and practice, inflammation, fluid management, uremic toxicity, treatment efficacy, advanced techniques, calcium/phosphate homeostasis, and correction of anemia.

A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D

A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D
Clinical Overview

by Sivakumar Joghi Thatha Gowder

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-04-26
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9535130854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, also called as "sunshine vitamin" is derived mostly from sun exposure and food, and for normal activation, it has to undergo two hydroxylation reactions. Vitamin D affects more than 2000 genes in the body. Serum level of 25(OH) D is an ideal indicator of vitamin D status in our body. Vitamin D deficiency leads to various diseases. On a therapeutic point of view, vitamin D helps to treat many diseases. The book "A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Clinical Overview" targets the principles, mechanisms, and clinical significance of vitamin D. This book covers four sections: "Vitamin D in Cardiovascular and Renal Diseases", "Vitamin D in Age and Neurological Diseases", "Vitamin D and Cancer" and "Therapeutic Measurements of Vitamin D". Each of these sections is interwoven with the theoretical aspects and experimental techniques of basic and clinical sciences. This book will be a significant source to students, scientists, physicians, healthcare professionals and also other members of this society who are interested in exploring the role of vitamin D in human life. [Vitamin D can be considered as vitamin of "defense" since it cures several diseases. - Sivakumar Gowder]

Renal Fibrosis: Mechanisms and Therapies

Renal Fibrosis: Mechanisms and Therapies
A Book

by Bi-Cheng Liu,Hui-Yao Lan,Lin-Li Lv

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-08-09
  • Pages : 709
  • ISBN : 9811388717
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book systemically presents the latest research on renal fibrosis, covering all the major topics in the field, including the possible mechanisms, biomarkers, and strategies for prevention and treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Due to its high prevalence, CKD represents a huge global economic and social burden. Irrespective of the initial causes, CKD progresses to end stage kidney disease (ESKD) due to renal fibrosis, which is characterized by glomerulosclerosis, tubule atrophy and atresia, and the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the kidney. Unfortunately, an estimated 1%-2% of the adult population living with CKD will need renal replacement therapy at some point as a result of ESKD. As such, strategies for preventing or slowing CKD progression to ESKD are of utmost importance, and studies aiming to understand the mechanisms of renal fibrosis have been the focus of intensive research. Recently, novel insights into the pathophysiological processes have furthered our understanding of the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis, and more importantly, promoted studies on the early diagnosis and treatment of CKD. This book draws lessons from the extensive, state-of-the-art research in this field, elaborating the new theories and new techniques to offer readers a detailed and comprehensive understanding of renal fibrosis and as well as inspiration for future research directions.

Chronic Kidney Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition

Chronic Kidney Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-07-22
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN : 1481657755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chronic Kidney Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Diagnosis and Screening. The editors have built Chronic Kidney Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Diagnosis and Screening in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Chronic Kidney Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Sodium Intake in Populations

Sodium Intake in Populations
Assessment of Evidence

by Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on the Consequences of Sodium Reduction in Populations

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2013-08-27
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0309282985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite efforts over the past several decades to reduce sodium intake in the United States, adults still consume an average of 3,400 mg of sodium every day. A number of scientific bodies and professional health organizations, including the American Heart Association, the American Medical Association, and the American Public Health Association, support reducing dietary sodium intake. These organizations support a common goal to reduce daily sodium intake to less than 2,300 milligrams and further reduce intake to 1,500 mg among persons who are 51 years of age and older and those of any age who are African-American or have hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. A substantial body of evidence supports these efforts to reduce sodium intake. This evidence links excessive dietary sodium to high blood pressure, a surrogate marker for cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and cardiac-related mortality. However, concerns have been raised that a low sodium intake may adversely affect certain risk factors, including blood lipids and insulin resistance, and thus potentially increase risk of heart disease and stroke. In fact, several recent reports have challenged sodium reduction in the population as a strategy to reduce this risk. Sodium Intake in Populations recognizes the limitations of the available evidence, and explains that there is no consistent evidence to support an association between sodium intake and either a beneficial or adverse effect on most direct health outcomes other than some CVD outcomes (including stroke and CVD mortality) and all-cause mortality. Some evidence suggested that decreasing sodium intake could possibly reduce the risk of gastric cancer. However, the evidence was too limited to conclude the converse-that higher sodium intake could possibly increase the risk of gastric cancer. Interpreting these findings was particularly challenging because most studies were conducted outside the United States in populations consuming much higher levels of sodium than those consumed in this country. Sodium Intake in Populations is a summary of the findings and conclusions on evidence for associations between sodium intake and risk of CVD-related events and mortality.