Download Clay-Polymer Nanocomposites Ebook PDF

Clay-Polymer Nanocomposites

Clay-Polymer Nanocomposites
A Book

by Khouloud Jlassi,Mohamed M. Chehimi,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-07-26
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN : 0323461611
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Formation and Properties of Clay-polymer Complexes

Formation and Properties of Clay-polymer Complexes
A Book

by B. K. G. Theng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 511
  • ISBN : 0444533540
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides a comprehensive account of the reactions between clay minerals and organic polymers. The book opens with a discussion of the structures of common clay minerals, clays colloid chemistry, and the behaviour of organic polymers at clay surfaces. This is followed by a systematic treatment of complex formation between clay minerals and various classes of synthetic and naturally occurring polymers, a description of the properties of the resulting complexes and, wherever appropriate, their practical applications. The book will have a new separate chapter on clay-polymer nanocomposites. Each chapter is written as a self-contained review paper, giving a list of reference to the original literature. * describes the important development in clay-polymer nanocomposites * contains new figures and diagrams * extenisve revision of the previous edition

Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites

Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites
From Fundamentals to Real Applications

by Suprakas Sinha Ray

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-04-01
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0444594604
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites covers everything from fundamental understanding to real applications of clay-containing polymer nanocomposites, including environmental considerations. The book's coverage of fundamentals and generalities, in addition to in-depth coverage of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites, make it a valuable companion for beginners in the field as well as more seasoned researchers. This book provides a rare coherent approach to this class of materials. This title is ideal for polymer and material scientists, researchers, and engineers, including under- and post-graduate students who are interested in this exciting field of research. This book will also help industrial researchers and R&D managers who want to bring advanced polymeric material based products into the market. Details crystallization behavior and kinetics to aid in applications such as injection molding Covers melt-state rheological properties, aiding understanding of the processability of materials Presents applications and market potential, supporting R&D managers who want to bring advanced polymeric material-based products into the market.

Fundamental Investigations of Clay/polymer Nanocomposites and Applications in Co-extruded Microlayered Systems

Fundamental Investigations of Clay/polymer Nanocomposites and Applications in Co-extruded Microlayered Systems
A Book

by Jeremy John Decker,University of Southern Mississippi. School of Polymers and High Performance Materials

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Application of Clay Polymer Nanocomposite as Drug Delivery Vehicle

Application of Clay Polymer Nanocomposite as Drug Delivery Vehicle
Importance of Nanocomposite in Drug Deliver

by Singhal Rahul,Datta Monika

  • Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • Release : 2015-07-21
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9783659745805
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In medical and pharmaceutical field, the necessity of tailor made drug delivery system has attained significant attention. This suggests that we should take a lead in the area of drug delivery systems. Clay is viable to drug delivery systems, and is expected to provide sustained release characteristics as well as enhanced mechanical properties owing to their layered structure. One of the clay that is montmorillonite act as an adsorbs dietary toxins, bacterial toxins associated with gastrointestinal disturbance, hydrogen ions in acidosis, and metabolic toxins such as steroidal metabolites associated with pregnancy. Similarly Clay-polymer nanocomposites based drug delivery system has the potential in oral sustained drug released in vitro condition at the physiologically required site which will in turn minimize the side effects specially in the treatment of cancer and is expected to provide better therapeutic efficacy in other medical areas. Thus by developing clay polymer nanocomposite systems, one can expect to combine the best properties of polymers as well as of the clay to obtain synergism. Moreover, it also reduces the cost of new drug development.

The Synthesis, Characterisation and Rheological Properties of Clay-polymer Nanocomposites

The Synthesis, Characterisation and Rheological Properties of Clay-polymer Nanocomposites
A Book

by Hassan Judah

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Introduction to Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites

Introduction to Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
A Book

by Ahmet Gurses

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-07-29
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9814613037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book focuses on polymer–clay nanocomposite materials. It introduces readers to polymers, clays, and organo-clay and discusses the nature of interparticle interactions and physical adsorption, which are predominant in the synthesis of organo-clay; conversion of clay to organo-clay; interactions between functional groups in the interlayer region of clay and modifier ions; synthesis of organo-clays and their uses; and the commercial utilization of organo-clays. The text then covers the preparation of polymer–clay nanocomposites and their characterization, properties, performance, and applications. The primary goal of this book is to aid readers who wish to engage in the research and development of polymer–clay nanocomposites and to offer them an overview of the commonly used polymer–clay nanocomposites and their origins, manufacture, properties, and potential applications. This book will serve as a general introduction to researchers just entering the field and as a useful reference for scholars from other subfields.

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites as Fluoride Adsorbent in Groundwater

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites as Fluoride Adsorbent in Groundwater
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Barrier Properties of Polymer Clay Nanocomposites

Barrier Properties of Polymer Clay Nanocomposites
A Book

by Vikas Mittal

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2009-10-01
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 9781608760213
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Polymer nanocomposites are organic-inorganic hybrids where the high aspect ratio inorganic filler can be delaminated in the organic matrix at the nanometer scale, thus leading to significant enhancement of composite properties at very low filler volume fractions. With the advancement of polymer nanocomposites technology, significant enhancements in mechanical and thermal properties of the composites could be achieved. However, other important properties like gas barrier properties, which form an absolutely necessary requirement for the use of materials in packaging and storage applications, were relatively neglected. By improving the barrier performance of the materials by incorporation of high aspect ratio nano platelets, one can expect to reduce the thickness of the commercial packaging laminates and other materials where thick material is required to be used to provide barrier to various gases. This can thus lead to significant amount of savings in the material costs and can make the polymer materials more light and also transparent as the nano scale dispersed filler would not scatter light. This book examines the factors affecting barrier properties enhancement in polar polymer matrices, which are different from case when non polar polymers are involved, thus indicating that the performance has to be quantised by case-by-case basis. The commonly used conventional models for prediction of permeation reduction are also less representative of the true microstructure of the nanocomposites. Thus the barrier performance of the polymer nanocomposite materials is also explored, separate from the more bulk based mechanical properties.

Polymer-clay Nanocomposites

Polymer-clay Nanocomposites
A Book

by Tie Lan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Optimization of Interfacial Interactions to Achieve Nanoscale Dispersion of Clay Polymer/clay Nanocomposites

Optimization of Interfacial Interactions to Achieve Nanoscale Dispersion of Clay Polymer/clay Nanocomposites
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Polymer clay nanocomposites are a promising class of multicomponent systems where incorporation of small amount of clay results in dramatic improvement of mechanical, thermal and barrier properties. However, accomplishment of these properties necessitates molecular level dispersion of the clay platelets in the polymer matrix. This thesis presents the guidelines for obtaining thermodynamically stable nanocomposites where strong specific interactions such as hydrogen bonding between the polymer and the clay can be utilized to achieve the desired goal of nanoscale dispersion of clay sheets. In first part of the dissertation, optimization of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the polymer and clay is carried out by controlling the distribution of hydroxyl groups on the copolymer of styrene and 4-vinyl phenol. Copolymers ranging from 0- 100% vinyl phenol are synthesized by free radical polymerization. Nanocomposites containing 50 % poly(vinyl phenol) and 40 % poly(vinyl phenol) show optimum dispersion due to large extent of intermolecular hydrogen bonding with drastic improvement in glass transition temperature. Furthermore, the effect of the nature of clay surfactant on the dispersion of clay sheets in the polymer matrix is also studied. Nanomer I.24 TL and Cloisite 25A show similar trends in dispersion for all the copolymer compositions. Increase in vinyl phenol content from 0-50% enhances the dispersion of clay platelets. However, Nanomer I.24 TL and Cloisite 25A show different morphological behavior than Cloisite Na towards the polymer containing 100% vinyl phenol. This behavior arises due to the fact that hydrophobic surfactants of Nanomer I.24 TL and Cloisite 25A do not find themselves very compatible with hydrophilic polymer, poly(vinyl phenol) thus giving rise to intercalated morphology in opposition to exfoliation observed for Cloisite Na nanocomposite with the same polymer. Cloisite Na+ is highly hydrophilic and therefore very miscible with 100% vinyl phenol, consequently a nanocomposite with improved dispersion is obtained. Next, clay loading is also optimized in the nanocomposites to obtain the best morphological and thermal improvements. Clay loadings of 1, 3, 5 and 8 wt % are mixed with copolymers ranging from 0-100 % vinyl phenol. 3 and 5 % clay loadings with PVPh40 and PVPh50 nanocomposites exhibit optimum dispersion of clay platelets with drastic improvement in glass transition temperature.

Processing and Rheological Behavior of Organomodified Clay/polymer Nanocomposites

Processing and Rheological Behavior of Organomodified Clay/polymer Nanocomposites
A Book

by Abdullah Emre Demirkol

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Clay-based Polymer Nanocomposites (CPN)

Clay-based Polymer Nanocomposites (CPN)
A Book

by Kathleen A. Carrado,Faïza Bergaya

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Silica and Clay Dispersed Polymer Nanocomposites

Silica and Clay Dispersed Polymer Nanocomposites
Preparation, Properties and Applications

by Md Rezaur Rahman

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-06-13
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0081021305
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The production of ‘polymer nanocomposites’ has recently gained considerable attention from both the academic and industrial community, especially in the area of nanoscience. This is mainly due to their enhanced improvements in physico-mechanical, thermal and barrier properties compared to micro and more conventional composites. Their nanoscale dimensions, biodegradable character, cost-effectiveness and sustainability have constituted a stimulus for this increasing interest. Currently there is no limit to the possibility of applications. However, despite all this progress, it is still difficult to achieve uniform dispersion between the filler and the matrix, as agglomerations form far too easily and the production of polymer nanocomposites with high mechanical and thermal properties is still limited. The authors of this proposed book, are of the opinion, that with the increase in scientific publications and the rapid progress in processing possibilities to produce nanocomposites based on various nanoscale fillers (silica/clay), a book that collects all of these scientific findings in one place would be timely and of great interest to both students and scientific researchers, who are concerned with the production, and application of nanocomposites as new innovative materials. The authors aim is to present the latest research findings on the fabrication, properties and applications of nanofillers as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites. Particular emphasis will be placed on the introduction of various nanofillers (silica/clay) into different elastomeric polymer matrices that will enhance the properties of these materials and their applications. The book will provide an up-to-date review of major innovations in the field and act as a reference for future research in materials science and engineering, which is highly topical due to the demand to produce more sustainable and eco-friendly innovative advanced materials from elastomeric polymers. Emphasis on silica/clay as outstanding reinforcing potential in elastomeric polymer matrices Up-to-date on the most relevant innovations in the field of silica/clay nanocomposites and their extensive applications in advanced material science Establishes the most suitable fabrication methods, properties and applications as a solid foundation in materials science and engineering disciplines Includes the incorporation of dual nanofillers that significantly improve the properties of nanocomposites

Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites

Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
A Book

by T. J. Pinnavaia,G. W. Beall

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2001-01-19
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 9780471637004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Polymer-clay nanocomposites are formed through the union of two very different materials with organic and mineral pedigrees. The hybrid compositions, however, exhibit large increases in tensile strength, modulus, and heat distortion temperature as compared with the pristine polymer. The composites also have lower water sensitivity, reduced permeability to gases, and a similar thermal coefficient of expansion. All of these property improvements can be realized without a loss of clarity in the polymer. Further, it has been found that nanocomposites impart a level of flame retardance and UV resistance not present in the pure polymer. These improvements in performance properties at relatively low clay loading (typically 2 -10wt %) have stimulated intensive research in both industry and academia over the past decade. Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites presents the first comprehensive overview of the state of the art of these materials since they were first reported a decade ago. Covering both the theory and practical applications, this volume in the 'Wiley Series in Polymer Science' covers the key aspects of these important materials including: * Polymer-clay intercalates * The preparation and general properties of special practical and commercial significance (including strength, stiffness, toughness, permeability, fire retardation and chemical stability) * The elucidation of the structural and rheological factors influencing performance and processing properties Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites is an indispensable text for polymer scientists, composites formulators, materials engineers, resin producers, filters and additive producers as well as university lecturers, and organic and inorganic chemists working in this important and fascinating area.

Fundamentals of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites

Fundamentals of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
A Book

by Gary W. Beall,Clois E. Powell

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-07-07
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139500759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Written for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners, this book provides a complete introduction to the science, engineering, and commercial applications of polymer-clay nanocomposites. Starting with a discussion of general concepts, the authors define specific terms used in the field, providing newcomers with a strong foundation to the area. The physical and mechanical properties of polymer-clay nanocomposites are then described, with chapters on thermodynamics and kinetics, engineering properties, barrier properties, and flame retardancy. Mechanisms underpinning observed effects, such as UV resistance, solvent resistance, and hardness, are also explained. In-depth discussions of clay and clay surface treatment, fabrication, and characterization of nanocomposites are provided, and particular emphasis is placed on the proper use and interpretation of analytical techniques, helping readers to avoid artifacts in their own work. With commercial applications discussed throughout, and experimental results connected with theory, this is an ideal reference for those working in polymer science.

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
Clay and Carbon Based Polymer Nanocomposites

by Deba Kumar Tripathy,Bibhu Prasad Sahoo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-07
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 3662535173
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The aim of the present edited book is to furnish scientific information about manufacturing, properties, and application of clay and carbon based polymer nanocomposites. It can be used as handbook for undergraduate and post graduate courses (for example material science and engineering, polymer science and engineering, rubber technology, manufacturing engineering, etc.) as well as as reference book for research fellows and professionals. Polymer nanocomposites have received outstanding importance in the present decade because of their broad range of high-performance applications in various areas of engineering and technology due to their special material properties. A great interest is dedicated to nanofiller based polymeric materials, which exhibit excellent enhancement in macroscopic material properties (mechanical, thermal, dynamic mechanical, electrical and many more) at very low filler contents and can therefore be used for the development of next-generation composite materials.

Nanocomposites

Nanocomposites
New Trends and Developments

by Farzad Ebrahimi

  • Publisher : IntechOpen
  • Release : 2012-09-27
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 9789535107620
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is a result of contributions of experts from international scientific community working in different aspects of nanocomposite science and applications and reports on the state of the art research and development findings on nanocomposites through original and innovative research studies. Through its 19 chapters the reader will have access to works related to the theory, and characterization of various types of nanocomposites such as composites of cellulose and metal nanoparticles, polymer/clay, polymer/Carbon and polymer-graphene nanocomposites and several other exciting topics while it introduces the various applications of nanocomposites in water treatment, supercapacitors, green energy generation, anticorrosive and antistatic applications, hard coatings, antiballistic and electroconductive scaffolds. Besides, it reviews multifunctional nanocomposites, photonics of dielectric nanostructures and electron scattering in nanocomposite materials.

Polymer Clay Nano-composites

Polymer Clay Nano-composites
A Book

by Stefano Leporatti

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-10-30
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 303921652X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This Special Issue focuses on the current state-of-the-art of “Polymer Clay Nano-Composites” for biomedical, anticorrosion, antibacterial, and other applications. Clay–polymer composite nanomaterials represent an emerging area of research. Loading polymers with clay particles essentially enhances the composite strength features. Of particular interest are different nano-assembly methods, such as silane mono and multilayers, polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer assembly, and others. An important development was reached for tubular and fibrous clay nanoparticles, such as halloysite, sepiolite, and imogolite. Polymer clay nanoparticles can be prepared as sheets with 1-nm thickness and width of a few hundred nm (e.g., kaolin and montmorillonite). Fibrous clays significantly reinforce the nano-composites in the assembly with biopolymers and other green polymers, leading to functional hybrid bio nano-composites. The scope of this Special Issue comprehensively includes the synthesis and characterization of polymer clay nano-composites used for several applications, including nano-clay polymer composites and hybrid nano-assemblies.

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation
A Book

by Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-02-19
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 0128110341
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area