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Clinical and Basic Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Clinical and Basic Neurogastroenterology and Motility
A Book

by Satish S.C. Rao,Yeong Yeh Lee,Uday C. Ghoshal

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-12-01
  • Pages : 660
  • ISBN : 0128130385
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clinical and Basic Neurogastroenterology and Motility is a state-of-the-art, lucidly written, generously illustrated, landmark publication that comprehensively addresses the underlying mechanisms and management of common adult and pediatric motility disorders. These problems affect 50% of the population and include conditions such as dysphagia, achalasia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastroparesis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gas and bloating, SIBO, constipation and fecal incontinence. The book brings together international experts and clinician scientists, epitomizing their years of wisdom into a concise yet practical text that is delivered in two distinct sections, basic and clinical. It fulfills a large unmet need, and bridges a long-awaited knowledge gap among trainees, clinicians, scientists, nurses and technicians, earnestly engaged in this field. First of its kind text that covers both basic and clinical aspects, bridging the knowledge gap, and providing a bench to bedside approach for management of common disorders Discusses the latest concepts and basic principles of neurogastroenterology and motility, and how the gut and brain interact in the genesis of functional gastrointestinal and motility disorders Provides an illustrated and practical text on hot topics written by leading adult and pediatric gastroenterology experts across the globe Includes an accompanying more detailed web version of the text with free access to future podcasts

Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering

Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering
Applications in Physiology and Medical Robotics

by Olfa Boubaker

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 0128226218
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Control Theory in Biomedical Engineering: Applications in Physiology and Medical Robotics highlights the importance of control theory and feedback control in our lives and explains how this theory is central to future medical developments. Control theory is fundamental for understanding feedback paths in physiological systems (endocrine system, immune system, neurological system) and a concept for building artificial organs. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in the control engineering and biomedical engineering fields, and medical students and practitioners seeking to enhance their understanding of physiological processes, medical robotics (legs, hands, knees), and controlling artificial devices (pacemakers, insulin injection devices). Control theory profoundly impacts the everyday lives of a large part of the human population including the disabled and the elderly who use assistive and rehabilitation robots for improving the quality of their lives and increasing their independence. Gives an overview of state-of-the-art control theory in physiology, emphasizing the importance of this theory in the medical field through concrete examples, e.g., endocrine, immune, and neurological systems Takes a comprehensive look at advances in medical robotics and rehabilitation devices and presents case studies focusing on their feedback control Presents the significance of control theory in the pervasiveness of medical robots in surgery, exploration, diagnosis, therapy, and rehabilitation

Decellularized Materials

Decellularized Materials
Preparations and Biomedical Applications

by Xiaoming Li,Huiqi Xie

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN : 9813369620
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book will consist of 8 chapters, in which important issues regarding decellularized materials (DMs) will be discussed. This book will provide special knowledge of materials for the persons with biomedical background, and special biomedical knowledge for the persons with the background of materials, which will hopefully become a valuable informative read for the researchers and students of biomedical engineering major.

Multidisciplinary Microfluidic and Nanofluidic Lab-on-a-Chip

Multidisciplinary Microfluidic and Nanofluidic Lab-on-a-Chip
Principles and Applications

by Xiujun James Li,Chaoyong Yang,Paul C. H. Li

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2021-09-24
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0444594612
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Multidisciplinary Microfluidic and Nanofluidic Lab-on-a-Chip: Principles and Applications provides chemists, biophysicists, engineers, life scientists, biotechnologists, and pharmaceutical scientists with the principles behind the design, manufacture, and testing of life sciences microfluidic systems. This book serves as a reference for technologies and applications in multidisciplinary areas, with an emphasis on quickly developing or new emerging areas, including digital microfluidics, nanofluidics, papers-based microfluidics, and cell biology. The book offers practical guidance on how to design, analyze, fabricate, and test microfluidic devices and systems for a wide variety of applications including separations, disease detection, cellular analysis, DNA analysis, proteomics, and drug delivery. Calculations, solved problems, data tables, and design rules are provided to help researchers understand microfluidic basic theory and principles and apply this knowledge to their own unique designs. Recent advances in microfluidics and microsystems for life sciences are impacting chemistry, biophysics, molecular, cell biology, and medicine for applications that include DNA analysis, drug discovery, disease research, and biofluid and environmental monitoring. Provides calculations, solved problems, data tables and design rules to help understand microfluidic basic theory and principles Gives an applied understanding of the principles behind the design, manufacture, and testing of microfluidic systems Emphasizes on quickly developing and emerging areas, including digital microfluidics, nanofluidics, papers-based microfluidics, and cell biology

Pediatric Neurogastroenterology

Pediatric Neurogastroenterology
Gastrointestinal Motility and Functional Disorders in Children

by Christophe Faure,Nikhil Thapar,Carlo Di Lorenzo

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-28
  • Pages : 1112
  • ISBN : 9783319432663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provide a comprehensive and up-to-date theoretical review and practical guide on pediatric gastrointestinal motility and functional disorders. The latest edition includes extensively revised and new chapters to reflect the rapidly growing field of pediatric neurogastroenterology. New topics covered include neurobiology of pain in children, functional oropharyngoesophageal assessment, dysautonomia, and psychotropic drugs. The text also features instructive illustrations, photographs, and tables. Written by world-renown experts in the field, Pediatric Neurogastroenterology: Gastrointestinal Motility and Functional Disorders in Children, Second Edition is a valuable resource for pediatric gastroenterologists, adult gastroenterologists, pediatricians, and all professionals involved in the treatment and management of children with such disorders.

Gastroparesis

Gastroparesis
Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment

by Richard Mccallum,Henry Parkman,John Clarke,Braden Kuo

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-09-30
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 0128185872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gastroparesis: Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation, Diagnosis and Treatment is a reference book providing a centralized source of data on gastroparesis collected over the last decade. Contents include the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic recommendations and treatment options for gastroparesis. The reference is split into broad subsections, with the strategy of first focusing on the key features of the disease and then turning to controversies, recent developments, patient support resources, the spectrum of treatment – including medical and surgical - and future directions. Chapters will include coverage of important topics like autonomic neuropathy, the brain-gut axis, potential pathophysiological advances at the cellular level, diagnostic and therapeutic options specifically targeted at the pylorus, and the evaluation of the female predominance in gastroparesis. This is a must-have resource for scientists looking to find the next step in their research as well as healthcare professionals ranging from Gastroenterologists to Internists, Surgeons, Nutritionists, Psychiatrists, and Psychologists, Residents and Medical Students who struggle with how to optimally take care of their gastroparetic patients. Provides a comprehensive overview of what is known regarding the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic considerations and treatment options for gastroparesis Includes key updates made in the last decade, including the progress made by the NIH Gastroparesis Consortium Presents both sides of key controversies in the field, including the debate between classification of gastroparesis versus functional dyspepsia Fully reviews the major advances in pharmacologic agents for therapy, both anti-emetics and prokinetics Extensive update on the "Pyloric Revolution" and our understanding of the pathophysiology of gastroparesis and how the focus on the pylorus has literally transformed our treatment strategy with an emphasis on both surgical and endoscopic advances in addressing pyloric dysfunction

Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Motility and its Disorders

Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Motility and its Disorders
A Book

by Uday C. Ghoshal

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-24
  • Pages : 143
  • ISBN : 8132208226
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This multi-authored book covers most aspects of evaluation of gastrointestinal motility – a field that has been expanding in recent times largely due to advances in diagnostic modalities; coupled with this, new evidences supporting best practices have increased the interest among clinical gastroenterologists, researchers, teachers and trainees in gastrointestinal motility and its disorders. New advances in the field of evaluation of functional bowel diseases and motility disorders, such as high-resolution manometry, 24-h pH impedance monitoring, Bravo capsule pH-metry, barostat, balloon expulsion test, barium and MR defecography, biofeedback, hydrogen breath tests, motility capsule (smartpill) etc. have significantly expanded the scope and outcome of treating these disorders. The chapters have been contributed by a well-conversant group of experts from the global academia, including India, Singapore, Thailand, Korea and Australia, integrating the body of knowledge on evaluation methods with evidence of best practices for the management of motility disorders. A chapter on how to set-up a manometry laboratory provides key information for clinicians and researchers who are planning to start working in this area. With 11 chapters in the book supported with numerous tables, flow charts, schematic diagrams and images, professionals will find it an essential reading. ​

2016 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance

2016 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
volume 1 and 2

by United States. Congress. Senate. Office of Management and Budget. Executive Office of the President

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 924
  • ISBN : 9780160936357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Identifies and describes specific government assistance opportunities such as loans, grants, counseling, and procurement contracts available under many agencies and programs.

Neuro-gastroenterology

Neuro-gastroenterology
A Book

by Eamonn M. M. Quigley,Ronald Pfeiffer

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 9780750673563
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covers the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of the full range of clinical disorders involving both the nervous system and the gastrointestinal system.

BASIC Essentials

BASIC Essentials
A Comprehensive Review for the Anesthesiology BASIC Exam

by Alopi M. Patel,Himani V. Bhatt,Sang J. Kim

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-11-22
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108244343
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focused and results-based, this important board review title covers everything that residents need to know when preparing for their Anesthesiology BASIC exam. Written by residents familiar with the exam, its use of bullet points and illustrations enables effective learning and efficient exam preparation. Providing a comprehensive review of all exam topics, the guide uses a clear and focused note-taking style to present 'high-yield' information, enabling efficient study techniques. Bullet points and short paragraphs feature to help rapid understanding, with margin space provided to annotate and add further notes. The helpful format ensures that all exam preparation, including notes from question banks, can be kept in this 'one-stop' review book. Mirroring the BASIC exam requirements, this book covers clinical anesthetic practice, pharmacology, physiology, anatomy, and anesthesia equipment and monitoring. Written by residents for residents, it is an essential preparation resource for the Anesthesiology BASIC exam.

Surgery of the Autonomic Nervous System

Surgery of the Autonomic Nervous System
A Book

by Jonathan A. Hyam,Erlick A. C. Pereira,Alexander L. Green

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-04-14
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0191509892
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autonomic surgery is an important and expanding field within contemporary clinical practice. Surgical therapies influencing the autonomic nervous system have historically entailed disabling various components of its network by injurious methods. More sophisticated techniques have now emerged to allow modulation of neural function by electrical implants or by preservative surgery. This has fuelled the expansion in this field as safer therapies with greater scope for patient benefit have become available. As the potential for precise neural manipulation has advanced, so has the number and diversity of diseases which have become amenable to such therapies. This book reviews the basic science underpinning the autonomic control of various body systems and the state-of-the-art clinical applications by which these systems are surgically modulated in patients today. Clinical chapters include details of the procedure, operative considerations, outcomes, adverse effect profile, post-operative management of such patients and reflections on personal experience. Autonomic surgery can be applied to a wide variety of diseases affecting large numbers of the population such as angina pectoris, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, sexual dysfunction, regional pain syndromes, headache and epilepsy.

Anorectal Disorders

Anorectal Disorders
Diagnosis and Non-Surgical Treatments

by Enrique Coss-Adame,Jose M. Remes Troche

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-03-06
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 0128153474
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Anorectal Disorders: Diagnosis and Nonsurgical Treatments incorporates the most recent major advances in the understanding of anal and rectal anatomy to provide clinical evidence of care for those suffering from anorectal disorders. By condensing basic and practical aspects in the knowledge of anorectal disorders, this book provides a comprehensive review of the anatomy and physiology of the anorectal region. It includes new technology that expands and modifies current perceptions about the functional anatomy of the anorectal region and ultimately impacts how we conceive muscle and nerve structures functioning together to maintain fecal continence and properly execute the process of defecation. Perfect for medical researchers, gastroenterologists, general practitioners, internal medicine doctors and general surgeons, this title will provide diagnosis and treatment options for all patients suffering from anorectal disorders. Identifies frequent, but not well understood, anorectal disorders, including ulcers, constipation, dyssynergic defecation, tumors and malformations Condenses the basic and practical aspects of anorectal disorders for better treatment of patients Includes clinical cases that summarize chapter content in a clinical context

A Comprehensive Overview of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

A Comprehensive Overview of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Clinical and Basic Science Aspects

by Jakub Fichna

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-08-14
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0128213248
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Comprehensive Overview of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical and Basic Science Aspects presents up-to-date knowledge in the field and provides a comprehensive summary of this area of study, including an overview on IBS, starting from its pathogenesis, including genetic, microbial and physiological background, through symptom recognition, diagnosis and IBS treatment, both non-pharmacological and pharmacological. Compiles the most recent and comprehensive findings in pharmacological targets Highlights the role of extrinsic and intrinsic factors involved in disease development Written by leading researchers in the field of Irritable Bowel Syndrome to address research challenges in the field Includes bonus information on symptom recognition and diagnosis

Pediatric Gastroenterology, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics of North America, E-Book

Pediatric Gastroenterology, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics of North America, E-Book
A Book

by Steven J. Czinn,Samra S. Blanchard

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2017-05-22
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0323530249
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Guest Editors have tapped top key opinion leaders to provide current reviews on the clinical diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal disease in children. They have focused on topics related to GERD; Celiac Disease and Gluten Sensitivity; IBD; Motility Disorders; GI Bleeding and Management; Pancreatic Disorders; Hepatitis B and C; Liver Transplant; Abdominal Pain; Complications from Obesity; and Neonatal Cholestasis.These articles will provide a state-of-the-art overview of diagnosis and treatment of GI diseases that are impactful for the general pediatrician.

An Improved Foundation for the Investigation and Treatment of Gastric Dysrhythmia [PhD Thesis]

An Improved Foundation for the Investigation and Treatment of Gastric Dysrhythmia [PhD Thesis]
A Book

by Gregory O'Grady

  • Publisher : Gregory O'Grady
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 694
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gastric motility disorders remain a complex clinical challenge, and inflict a substantial burden of cost and suffering on society. Gastric contractions are coordinated by an underlying electrical activity, and gastric dysrhythmias are implicated in the pathophysiology of several motility disorders. However, the significance of dysrhythmias remains uncertain, and there are few elective therapies, because current tools to investigate dysrhythmias have low reliability owing to their lack of spatial resolution. This thesis aimed to develop an improved foundation for the investigation and management of gastric dysrhythmia, by advancing and translating high-resolution (HR; multi-electrode) spatiotemporal mapping. The research is a cross-disciplinary program of bioengineering, and basic and clinical electrophysiology. A range of HR mapping devices are first developed and validated for intra-operative gastric mapping, including at open and laparoscopic surgery. Automated signal processing tools are next validated for the efficient, reliable marking, grouping, and mapping of slow wave events, and these tools are integrated into an intuitive software platform. These methodological advances are then applied in a series of experimental studies. The origin and propagation of porcine gastric slow wave activity is defined, followed by clinical translation with the first spatiotemporal analysis of normal human gastric slow wave propagation. The methods are then applied to define new patterns and mechanisms of gastric dysrhythmia, initially in a porcine model, including the first demonstration of how rapid, high-amplitude circumferential propagation emerges during dysrhythmias. The first clinical study applying HR electrical mapping is then presented, performed on a cohort of patients with diabetic and idiopathic gastroparesis, revealing new patterns of human dysrhythmia. A new classification scheme for abnormalities of human gastric slow wave initiation and conduction is proposed. Finally, the evidence for high-frequency gastric electrical stimulation is reviewed, prior to the presentation of a new 'entrainment mapping' method for better assessing gastric pacing protocols. In total, this work constitutes a coordinated series of advances that offer a strengthened foundation for investigating and managing gastric electrical abnormalities. It is hoped that these new methods and findings will translate into future clinical advances, to improve the diagnosis and treatment of these complex patient populations.

Mayo Clinic Atlas of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders

Mayo Clinic Atlas of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders
A Book

by Michael Camilleri MD

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2021-07-23
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0197512127
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mayo Clinic Illustrated Textbook of Neurogastroenterology is the first illustrated approach to the study of an important subdiscipline of gastroenterology. Using relatively limited text content and preferentially applying the physiologic, clinical, and therapeutic principles through illustrations and case studies of disorders of gastrointestinal motility and function, Dr. Michael Camilleri relied on more than 3 decades of clinical experience at Mayo Clinic to craft a text that is unique among textbooks dealing with gastrointestinal motility disorders. Forty percent of patients evaluated in clinical gastroenterologic practice have gastrointestinal motility and functional disorders. Thus, this illustrated textbook is a valuable resource for gastroenterologists in training and practice, internal medicine physicians, and neurologists with an interest in autonomic nervous system disorders that frequently manifest with gastrointestinal symptoms. The textbook addresses chronic nausea or vomiting and neurologic diseases; the diagnosis and management of diverse disorders, including gastroparesis, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, and diarrhea; less common congenital and genetic disorders; and the role of pharmacogenomics in these diseases. The breadth of this textbook and its many illustrations combine to make it a unique and required study guide.

Mayo Clinic Illustrated Textbook of Neurogastroenterology

Mayo Clinic Illustrated Textbook of Neurogastroenterology
A Book

by Michael Camilleri

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0197512100
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using relatively limited text content and preferentially showing the physiological, clinical and therapeutic principles with illustrations and real case studies from Mayo Clinic, this book will be unique among text books dealing with gastrointestinal motility disorders which constitute 40% of the patients seen in clinical practice by gastroenterologists

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Dysbiosis

by Martin H. Floch,Yehuda Ringel,W. Allen Walker

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-11-16
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 0128040629
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics
A Book

by William Y. Chey,William D. Chey

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1455704504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive update on irritable bowel syndrome addresses both the state of art diagnosis and treatment as well as emerging therapies and future directions. Worldwide authority, Dr. Eammon Quigley, contributes an article on Therapies Aimed at the Gut Microflora and Inflammation. Other highlights include articles devoted to genetics, biomarkers, and symptom-based diagnostic criteria.

The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery

The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery
A Book

by Scott R. Steele,Tracy L. Hull,Thomas E. Read,Theodore J. Saclarides,Anthony J. Senagore,Charles B. Whitlow

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-03-24
  • Pages : 1292
  • ISBN : 3319259709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This third edition text provides a completely revised and updated new version of this unique, modern, practical text that covers the strategic evaluation, specific approaches, and detailed management techniques utilized by expert colorectal surgeons caring for patients with complex problems–whether they result from underlying colorectal disease or from complications arising from previous surgical therapy. The format follows that of both a “how to” manual as well as an algorithm-based guide to allow the reader to understand the thought process behind the proposed treatment strategy. By making use of evidence-based recommendations, each chapter includes not only background information and diagnostic/therapeutic guidelines, but also provides a narrative by the author on his/her operative technical details and perioperative “tips and tricks” that they utilize in the management of these complex surgical challenges. Distinctive to this book, is the reliance on experts in the field including past presidents of the ASCRS, as well as multiple other national and internationally recognized surgeons, to lend their personal insight into situations where data may be more sparse, but individual and collective experience is paramount to making sound decisions and thereby optimizing patient outcomes. The text includes chapters on the assessment of risk and methods utilized to minimize perioperative complications. In addition, it incorporates sections covering the medical and surgical therapies for abdominal, pelvic and anorectal disease. Moreover, the technical challenges of managing complications resulting from the original or subsequent operations is addressed. The underlying focus throughout the text is on providing pragmatic and understandable solutions that can be readily implemented by surgeons of varying experience to successfully treat complex colorectal problems. However, it also goes beyond the technical aspects of colorectal surgery and includes special sections highlighting the essence of a surgeon; covering aspects involving the medical-legal, ethical, and economic challenges confronting surgeons. Throughout the text, each author provides an ongoing narrative of his/her individual surgical techniques along with illustrations and diagrams to “personally” take the reader through the crucial steps of the procedure, and key points of patient care inherent to that topic. Additionally, where appropriate, links to online videos give the reader an up-front look into technical aspects of colorectal surgery.