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Closed Loop Neuroscience

Closed Loop Neuroscience
A Book

by Ahmed El Hady

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-09-08
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0128026413
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Closed Loop Neuroscience addresses the technical aspects of closed loop neurophysiology, presenting the implementation of these approaches spanning several domains of neuroscience, from cellular and network neurophysiology, through sensory and motor systems, and then clinical therapeutic devices. Although closed-loop approaches have long been a part of the neuroscientific toolbox, these techniques are only now gaining popularity in research and clinical applications. As there is not yet a comprehensive methods book addressing the topic as a whole, this volume fills that gap, presenting state-of-the-art approaches and the technical advancements that enable their application to different scientific problems in neuroscience. Presents the first volume to offer researchers a comprehensive overview of the technical realities of employing closed loop techniques in their work Offers application to in-vitro, in-vivo, and hybrid systems Contains an emphasis on the actual techniques used rather than on specific results obtained Includes exhaustive protocols and descriptions of software and hardware, making it easy for readers to implement the proposed methodologies Encompasses the clinical/neuroprosthetic aspect and how these systems can also be used to contribute to our understanding of basic neurophysiology Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Closed-Loop Systems for Next-Generation Neuroprostheses

Closed-Loop Systems for Next-Generation Neuroprostheses
A Book

by Timothée Levi,Paolo Bonifazi, Paolo Massobrio,Michela Chiappalone

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-04-26
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889454665
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Millions of people worldwide are affected by neurological disorders which disrupt the connections within the brain and between brain and body causing impairments of primary functions and paralysis. Such a number is likely to increase in the next years and current assistive technology is yet limited. A possible response to such disabilities, offered by the neuroscience community, is given by Brain-Machine Interfaces (BMIs) and neuroprostheses. The latter field of research is highly multidisciplinary, since it involves very different and disperse scientific communities, making it fundamental to create connections and to join research efforts. Indeed, the design and development of neuroprosthetic devices span/involve different research topics such as: interfacing of neural systems at different levels of architectural complexity (from in vitro neuronal ensembles to human brain), bio-artificial interfaces for stimulation (e.g. micro-stimulation, DBS: Deep Brain Stimulation) and recording (e.g. EMG: Electromyography, EEG: Electroencephalography, LFP: Local Field Potential), innovative signal processing tools for coding and decoding of neural activity, biomimetic artificial Spiking Neural Networks (SNN) and neural network modeling. In order to develop functional communication with the nervous system and to create a new generation of neuroprostheses, the study of closed-loop systems is mandatory. It has been widely recognized that closed-loop neuroprosthetic systems achieve more favorable outcomes for users then equivalent open-loop devices. Improvements in task performance, usability, and embodiment have all been reported in systems utilizing some form of feedback. The bi-directional communication between living neurons and artificial devices is the main final goal of those studies. However, closed-loop systems are still uncommon in the literature, mostly due to requirement of multidisciplinary effort. Therefore, through eBook on closed-loop systems for next-generation neuroprostheses, we encourage an active discussion among neurobiologists, electrophysiologists, bioengineers, computational neuroscientists and neuromorphic engineers. This eBook aims to facilitate this process by ordering the 25 contributions of this research in which we highlighted in three different parts: (A) Optimization of different blocks composing the closed-loop system, (B) Systems for neuromodulation based on DBS, EMG and SNN and (C) Closed-loop BMIs for rehabilitation.

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems

Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems

by Steve M Potter,Eberhard E Fetz,Ahmed El Hady

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2014-12-03
  • Pages : 423
  • ISBN : 288919356X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Closed-loop neurophysiology has been accelerated by recent software and hardware developments and by the emergence of novel tools to control neuronal activity with spatial and temporal precision, in which stimuli are delivered in real time based on recordings or behavior. Real-time stimulation feedback enables a wide range of innovative studies of information processing and plasticity in neuronal networks. This Research Topic e-Book comprises 16 Original Research Articles, seven Methods Articles, and seven Reviews, Mini- Reviews, and Perspectives, all peer-reviewed and published in Frontiers in Neural Circuits. The contributions deal with closed loop neurophysiology experiments at a variety of levels of neural circuit complexity. Some include modeling and theoretical analyses. New enabling technologies and techniques are described. Novel work is presented from experiments in vitro, in vivo, and in humans, along with their clinical and technological implications for improving the human condition.

Neurocognitive Mechanisms

Neurocognitive Mechanisms
Explaining Biological Cognition

by Gualtiero Piccinini

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-10-08
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0198866283
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gualtiero Piccinini presents a systematic and rigorous philosophical defence of the computational theory of cognition. His view posits that cognition involves neural computation within multilevel neurocognitive mechanisms, and includes novel ideas about ontology, functions, neural representation, neural computation, and consciousness.

Towards Closed-Loop Neuromodulation with Wireless Biomimetic Circuits and Systems

Towards Closed-Loop Neuromodulation with Wireless Biomimetic Circuits and Systems
A Book

by Po-Min Wang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 97
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conventional functional electrical stimulation for neuromodulation delivers regular and periodic electrical pulses in an open-loop fashion. However, with advances in neuroscience, emerging applications require an electrical stimulation delivered in a non-conventional form. For example, electroceuticals and brain-machine interface (BMI) need a closed-loop modulation scheme such that the stimulation protocol can be dynamically adjusted in response to the subject's physiological state. Furthermore, it has been recently shown that a stimulation pattern that mimics the biological signal (i.e. biomimetic stimulation) outperforms periodic pulses in some applications including retina stimulation to regain eyesight and spinal cord stimulation to restore motor function. Despite increasing interests in closed-loop neuromodulation and biomimetic stimulation, existing implantable neuromodulation devices have limited capability in supporting those sophisticated stimulation schemes. We have developed two wireless biomimetic systems--an implantable stimulation and recording system and a biomimetic stimulation system, aiming to support closed-loop neuromodulation and biomimetic stimulation. In this dissertation, system design and circuit implementation of both systems are presented. Both systems were validated in bench-top tests and in-vivo experiments. The implantable system was used to conduct intestinal stimulation that facilitated the intestinal transit in chronic porcine experiments. The implant is an order lighter and 7.7 times smaller than commercialized GI stimulators, and the delivered electrical charge is smaller than most existing protocols, thus safer and more energy-efficient. The system was also used to conduct acute epidural stimulation in rat models and selectively activate desired muscles through targeting different motor neurons, laying the foundation for the future development of the control algorithms for closed-loop epidural stimulation. On the other hand, the biomimetic stimulation system was also validated in acute experiments using spinally transected rats. The system that delivered a protocol mimicking electromyography (EMG) signal lowered the excitation threshold of the spinal network, showing its potential of accelerating the rate of functional recovery after spinal cord injury. The development of these two biomimetic systems along with the future implementation of the closed-loop control algorithm using the in-vivo data acquired by both systems will make an implantable device that supports closed-loop biomimetic stimulation a reality.

Neural Computation in Embodied Closed-Loop Systems for the Generation of Complex Behavior: From Biology to Technology

Neural Computation in Embodied Closed-Loop Systems for the Generation of Complex Behavior: From Biology to Technology
A Book

by Poramate Manoonpong,Christian Tetzlaff

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-10-11
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889456056
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How can neural and morphological computations be effectively combined and realized in embodied closed-loop systems (e.g., robots) such that they can become more like living creatures in their level of performance? Understanding this will lead to new technologies and a variety of applications. To tackle this research question, here, we bring together experts from different fields (including Biology, Computational Neuroscience, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence) to share their recent findings and ideas and to update our research community. This eBook collects 17 cutting edge research articles, covering neural and morphological computations as well as the transfer of results to real world applications, like prosthesis and orthosis control and neuromorphic hardware implementation.

Fitzgerald's Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience E-Book

Fitzgerald's Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience E-Book
A Book

by Estomih Mtui, MD,Gregory Gruener, MD MBA,Peter Dockery, BSC PhD

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-04
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0702079103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ideal for both medical students and those in non-medical courses, Fitzgerald's Clinical Neuroanatomy and Neuroscience, 8th Edition, uses clear, understandable text and outstanding artwork to make a complex subject easily accessible. This award-winning title is known for superb illustrations and high readability, expertly integrating clinical neuroanatomy with the clinical application of neuroscience. Organizes chapters by anatomical area, with integrated analyses of sensory, motor, and cognitive systems. Breaks complex concepts and subjects into easily digestible content with clear images and concise, straightforward explanations. Features explanatory illustrations drawn by the same meticulous artists who illustrated Gray's Anatomy. Includes new Basic Science Panels that highlight an emerging or relevant basic science concept to expand your learning in specific content areas. Provides access to the Student Consult enhanced eBook, which contains tutorials for each chapter, hundreds of multiple-choice questions and answers, MRI images with explanatory text, and case studies. Contains learning helps in every chapter, including bulleted points, clinical boxes, opening summaries, and concluding core information boxes. Evolve Instructor site with an image and test bank is available to instructors through their Elsevier sales rep or via request at https: //evolve.elsevier.com.

Brain-Machine Interface

Brain-Machine Interface
Closed-loop Bidirectional System Design

by Xilin Liu,Jan Van der Spiegel

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-17
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 3319679406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an introduction to the emerging area of “Brain-Machine Interfaces,” with emphasis on the operation and practical design aspects. The book will help both electrical & bioengineers as well as neuroscience investigators to learn about the next generation brain-machine interfaces. The comprehensive review and design analysis will be very helpful for researchers who are new to this area or interested in the study of the brain. The in-depth discussion of practical design issues especially in animal experiments will also be valuable for experienced researchers.

Reviews of Neuroscience

Reviews of Neuroscience
A Book

by Seymour Ehrenpreis,Irwin J. Kopin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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International Journal of Neuroscience

International Journal of Neuroscience
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Society for Neuroscience Abstracts

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts
Volume 27, 31st Annual Meeting, San Diego, Calif., November 10-15, 2001

by Society for Neuroscience. Meeting

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Society for Neuroscience Abstracts

Society for Neuroscience Abstracts
Volume 7, 11th Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, Calif., October 18-23, 1981

by Society for Neuroscience. Annual Meeting

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 1011
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Concise Text of Neuroscience

Concise Text of Neuroscience
A Book

by Robert E. Kingsley,Steven R. Gable,T. R. Kingsley

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although each chapter has been heavily revised, this edition of Concise Text of Neuroscience adheres to the goals of the first edition--providing practical, concise, and integrated information on neuroscience with an emphasis on clinical neurology. Case histories of real patients help illustrate neurologic principles. Several new features include--a new chapter summary format for quicker review of chapters, key term etymologies, an expanded glossary, a high-resolution, multiplanar MRI atlas, "Further Application" questions with answers following each case history.

The Journal of Neuroscience

The Journal of Neuroscience
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clinical Neuroanatomy and Related Neuroscience

Clinical Neuroanatomy and Related Neuroscience
A Book

by M. J. T. FitzGerald,Jean Folan-Curran

  • Publisher : W B Saunders Company
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clearly written and highly illustrated, this new, greatly expanded fourth edition approaches neuroanatomy from the clinical perspective, emphasizing what needs to be known in order to make effective clinical decisions. Throughout the text, clinical boxes reinforce the authors' commitment to preparing students for clinical practice. In this new edition, each chapter has been rewritten, all illustrations are new, and the book is full-color throughout. clear account of neuroanatomy, written from the clinical point of view completely rewritten and redesigned - new (larger) page size, all new artwork, attractive 4-colour layout - to appeal to even the most reluctant of students faced with the sometimes daunting task of learning neuroanatomy highly illustrated with line drawings and clinical photos - all in full colour core information boxes included, which distil the contents for easy recall written by a clinician/anatomist with wide experience of what is significant and must be understood in neuroanatomy colour is used in the text, to aid navigation Also covers some neuroscience background - an extra selling point over competitors this is a book that students love because of the focus on clinical background information - and they recommend it to each other a truly international Panel of Consultants from major centres all over the world illustrations: many more than previously, and for the first time in full colour all new line drawings full colour photos of MRI/PET scans more x-rays text updated and expanded re-designed with bold and imaginative new page layout all illustrations available on fleshandbones.com the various controls involved in movement have been substantially expanded for the new edition - this should be of particular interest to physical therapists psychology and psychiatry are now much stronger - thanks to the information provided by PET - so there is lots of 'human interest' material on phobias, panic attacks etc.

Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation

Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation
A Book

by John G. Webster

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 2006-04-07
  • Pages : 6
  • ISBN : 9780470040683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The articles in The Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation focus on what is currently useful or is likely to be useful in future medicine. They answer the question, What are the branches of medicine and how does technology assist each of them? Articles focus on the practice of medicine that is assisted by devices, rather than including, for example, the use of drugs to treat disease. The title is the only resource on the market dealing with the subject in encyclopedic detail. * Accessible to practitioners with a broad range of backgrounds from students to researchers and physicians * Articles cover the latest developments such as nanotechnology, fiber optics, and signal processing

Neuroscience

Neuroscience
Fundamentals for Rehabilitation

by Laurie Lundy-Ekman

  • Publisher : Saunders
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written with rehabilitation professionals in mind, this work connects neuroscience theory to clinical application with stories written by real people with neurological disorders and case studies summarizing key features of neurological disorders.

Fundamental Neuroscience

Fundamental Neuroscience
A Book

by March D. Ard

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 2nd Edition of Fundamental Neuroscience presents a contemporary and integrated approach to systems neurobiology (sensory, motor, visual, auditory, etc.), featuring a wealth of clinical examples. Full-color illustrations and high-quality clinical photographs of brain structure, with more than 80 new illustrations in this edition, emphasize clinical examples and enhance discussions throughout the text. Examples of MRI and CT show normal structures and selected clinical conditions. This Edition also includes a new chapter on The Neurological Examination and a new chapter on a Synopsis of Cranial Nerves of the Brainstem both chapters focusing on anatomico-clinical concepts and examples. Fundamental Neuroscience, 2nd Edition contains basic science and clinical information in an integrated format that serves as an excellent foundation for further study, equips students for the USMLE Step 1 exam, and prepares them to diagnose the neurologically compromised patient. Emphasis on human neuroanatomy and neuroscience Meets the neuroanatomical emphasis given in most neuroscience courses in medical schools. The first textbook to integrate vascular patterns with systems neurobiology. Highly readable and consistent writing style throughout the text. Includes many clinical correlations and examples which are invaluable to understanding the neurologically impaired patient. Increased clinical coverage New chapter on Cranial Nerves New chapter on Neurological Exam Spanish version also available, ISBN: 84-8174-656-8

Neuroscience Letters

Neuroscience Letters
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991-08
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamental Neuroscience

Fundamental Neuroscience
A Book

by Duane E. Haines,March D. Ard

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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