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Cognitive Approach to Natural Language Processing

Cognitive Approach to Natural Language Processing
A Book

by Bernadette Sharp,Florence Sedes,Wieslaw Lubaszewski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-05-31
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 008102343X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As natural language processing spans many different disciplines, it is sometimes difficult to understand the contributions and the challenges that each of them presents. This book explores the special relationship between natural language processing and cognitive science, and the contribution of computer science to these two fields. It is based on the recent research papers submitted at the international workshops of Natural Language and Cognitive Science (NLPCS) which was launched in 2004 in an effort to bring together natural language researchers, computer scientists, and cognitive and linguistic scientists to collaborate together and advance research in natural language processing. The chapters cover areas related to language understanding, language generation, word association, word sense disambiguation, word predictability, text production and authorship attribution. This book will be relevant to students and researchers interested in the interdisciplinary nature of language processing. Discusses the problems and issues that researchers face, providing an opportunity for developers of NLP systems to learn from cognitive scientists, cognitive linguistics and neurolinguistics Provides a valuable opportunity to link the study of natural language processing to the understanding of the cognitive processes of the brain

Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing

Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing
Theory and Grounding Representations Volume III

by Paul Mc Kevitt

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9400916396
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although there has been much progress in developing theories, models and systems in the areas of Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Vision Processing (VP), there has heretofore been little progress on integrating these two subareas of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This book contains a set of edited papers addressing theoretical issues and the grounding of representations in NLP and VP from philosophical and psychological points of view. The papers focus on site descriptions such as the reasoning work on space at Leeds, UK, the systems work of the ILS (Illinois, U.S.A.) and philosophical work on grounding at Torino, Italy, on Schank's earlier work on pragmatics and meaning incorporated into hypermedia teaching systems, Wilks' visions on metaphor, on experimental data for how people fuse language and vision and theories and computational models, mainly connectionist, for tackling Searle's Chinese Room Problem and Harnad's Symbol Grounding Problem. The Irish Room is introduced as a mechanism through which integration solves the Chinese Room. The U.S.A., China and the EU are well reflected, showing the fact that integration is a truly international issue. There is no doubt that all of this will be necessary for the SuperInformationHighways of the future.

Statistical Language and Speech Processing

Statistical Language and Speech Processing
8th International Conference, SLSP 2020, Cardiff, UK, October 14–16, 2020, Proceedings

by Luis Espinosa-Anke,Carlos Martín-Vide,Irena Spasić

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-09-25
  • Pages : 183
  • ISBN : 3030594300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Statistical Language and Speech Processing, SLSP 2020, held in Cardiff, UK, in October 2020. The 13 full papers presented together with one invited paper in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. They papers cover the wide spectrum of statistical methods that are currently in use in computational language or speech processing.

Emotions, Technology, and Design

Emotions, Technology, and Design
A Book

by Sharon Tettegah,Safiya Noble

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-12-28
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 0081007019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emotional design explicitly addresses the emotional relationship between the objects and the subjects of design—in this book, the objects are technologies, and the subjects are technology users. The first section delves into the philosophy and theory of emotional design to provide a foundation for the rest of the book, which goes on to discuss emotional design principles, the design and use of emoticons, and then intelligent agents in a variety of settings. A conclusion chapter covers future research and directions. Emotions, Technology, and Design provides a thorough look at how technology design affects emotions and how to use that understanding to in practical applications. Discusses the role of culture, trust, and identity in empathetic technology Presents a framework for using sound to elicit positive emotional responses Details the emotional use of color in design Explores the use of emoticons, earcons, and tactons Addresses the emotional design specific to agent-based environments

Cognitive Approaches To Automated Instruction

Cognitive Approaches To Automated Instruction
A Book

by J. Wesley Regian,Valerie J. Shute,Valerie Shute

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-05-13
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1134765940
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Useful to researchers as well as practitioners looking for guidance on designing automated instruction systems, this book provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this research area. In so doing, it focuses on the two critical problems: first, diagnosis of the student's current level of understanding or performance; and second, selection of the appropriate intervention that will transition the student toward expert performance. Containing a comprehensive set of principled approaches to automated instruction, diagnosis, and remediation, it is the first volume on the topic to provide specific, detailed guidance on how to develop these systems. Leading researchers and practitioners represented in this book address the following questions in each chapter: * What is your approach to cognitive diagnosis for automated instruction? * What is the theoretical basis of your approach? * What data support the utility of the approach? * What is the range of applicability of your approach? * What knowledge engineering or task analysis methods are required to support your approach? Referring to automated instruction as instruction that is delivered on any microprocessor-based system, the contributors to -- and editors of -- this book believe that is it possible for automated instructional systems to be more effective than they currently are. Specifically, they argue that by using artificial intelligence programming techniques, it is possible for automated instructional systems to emulate the desirable properties of human tutors in one-on-one instruction.

Natural Language Processing - NLP 2000

Natural Language Processing - NLP 2000
Second International Conference Patras, Greece, June 2-4, 2000 Proceedings

by Dimitris N. Christodoulakis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2000-05-24
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 3540676058
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains the papers prepared for the 2nd International Conference on Natural Language Processing, held 2-4 June in Patras, Greece. The conference program features invited talks and submitted papers, c- ering a wide range of NLP areas: text segmentation, morphological analysis, lexical knowledge acquisition and representation, grammar formalism and s- tacticparsing,discourse analysis,languagegeneration,man-machineinteraction, machine translation, word sense disambiguation, and information extraction. The program committee received 71 abstracts, of which unfortunately no more than 50% could be accepted. Every paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers. The fairness of the reviewing process is demonstrated by the broad spread of institutions and countries represented in the accepted papers. So many have contributed to the success of the conference. The primary credit, ofcourse, goes to theauthors andto the invitedspeakers. By theirpapers and their inspired talks they established the quality of the conference. Secondly, thanks should go to the referees and to the program committee members who did a thorough and conscientious job. It was not easy to select the papers to be presented. Last, but not least, my special thanks to the organizing committee for making this conference happen.

Language Processing and Grammars

Language Processing and Grammars
The role of functionally oriented computational models

by Brian Nolan,Carlos Periñán-Pascual

  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Release : 2014-04-15
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN : 9027270643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is a growing awareness of the significance and value that modelling using information technology can bring to the functionally oriented linguistic enterprise. This encompasses a spectrum of areas as diverse as concept modelling, language processing and grammar modelling, conversational agents, and the visualisation of complex linguistic information in a functional linguistic perspective. This edited volume offers a collection of papers dealing with different aspects of computational modelling of language and grammars, within a functional perspective at both the theoretical and application levels. As a result, this volume represents the first instance of contemporary functionally oriented computational treatments of a variety of important language and linguistic issues. This book presents current research on functionally oriented computational models of grammar, language processing and linguistics, concerned with a broadly functional computational linguistics that also contributes to our understanding of languages within a functional and cognitive linguistic, computational research agenda.

Connectionist Natural Language Processing

Connectionist Natural Language Processing
Readings from Connection Science

by Noel Sharkey

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-11-06
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 9789401051606
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Connection science is a new information-processing paradigm which attempts to imitate the architecture and process of the brain, and brings together researchers from disciplines as diverse as computer science, physics, psychology, philosophy, linguistics, biology, engineering, neuroscience and AI. Work in Connectionist Natural Language Processing (CNLP) is now expanding rapidly, yet much of the work is still only available in journals, some of them quite obscure. To make this research more accessible this book brings together an important and comprehensive set of articles from the journal CONNECTION SCIENCE which represent the state of the art in Connectionist natural language processing; from speech recognition to discourse comprehension. While it is quintessentially Connectionist, it also deals with hybrid systems, and will be of interest to both theoreticians as well as computer modellers. Range of topics covered: Connectionism and Cognitive Linguistics Motion, Chomsky's Government-binding Theory Syntactic Transformations on Distributed Representations Syntactic Neural Networks A Hybrid Symbolic/Connectionist Model for Understanding of Nouns Connectionism and Determinism in a Syntactic Parser Context Free Grammar Recognition Script Recognition with Hierarchical Feature Maps Attention Mechanisms in Language Script-Based Story Processing A Connectionist Account of Similarity in Vowel Harmony Learning Distributed Representations Connectionist Language Users Representation and Recognition of Temporal Patterns A Hybrid Model of Script Generation Networks that Learn about Phonological Features Pronunciation in Text-to-Speech Systems

Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Robotics

Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Robotics
A Book

by Masao Yokota

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-12-06
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 100073305X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the not so distant future, we can expect a world where humans and robots coexist and interact with each other. For this to occur, we need to understand human traits, such as seeing, hearing, thinking, speaking, etc., and institute these traits in robots. The most essential feature necessary for robots to achieve is that of integrative multimedia understanding (IMU) which occurs naturally in humans. It allows us to assimilate pieces of information expressed through different modes such as speech, pictures, gestures, etc. The book describes how robots acquire traits like natural language understanding (NLU) as the central part of IMU. Mental image directed semantic theory (MIDST) is its core, and is based on the hypothesis that NLU is essentially the processing of mental image associated with natural language expressions, namely, mental-image based understanding (MBU). MIDST is intended to model omnisensory mental image in human and to afford a knowledge representation system in order for integrative management of knowledge subjective to cognitive mechanisms of intelligent entities such as humans and robots based on a mental image model visualized as ‘Loci in Attribute Spaces’ and its description language Lmd (mental image description language) to be employed for predicate logic with a systematic scheme for symbol-grounding. This language works as an interlingua among various kinds of information media, and has been applied to several versions of the intelligent system interlingual understanding model aiming at general system (IMAGES). Its latest version, i.e. conversation management system (CMS) simulates MBU and comprehends the user’s intention through dialogue to find and solve problems, and finally, provides a response in text or animation. The book is aimed at researchers and students interested in artificial intelligence, robotics, and cognitive science. Based on philosophical considerations, the methodology will also have an appeal in linguistics, psychology, ontology, geography, and cartography. Key Features: Describes the methodology to provide robots with human-like capability of natural language understanding (NLU) as the central part of IMU Uses methodology that also relates to linguistics, psychology, ontology, geography, and cartography Examines current trends in machine translation

Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing

Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing
A Book

by Christopher Manning,Hinrich Schutze

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1999-05-28
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN : 9780262133609
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Statistical approaches to processing natural language text have become dominant in recent years. This foundational text is the first comprehensive introduction to statistical natural language processing (NLP) to appear. The book contains all the theory and algorithms needed for building NLP tools. It provides broad but rigorous coverage of mathematical and linguistic foundations, as well as detailed discussion of statistical methods, allowing students and researchers to construct their own implementations. The book covers collocation finding, word sense disambiguation, probabilistic parsing, information retrieval, and other applications.

Advances in Natural Language Processing

Advances in Natural Language Processing
5th International Conference, FinTAL 2006 Turku, Finland, August 23-25, 2006 Proceedings

by Tapio Salakoski,Filip Ginter,Sampo Pyysalo,Tapio Pahikkala

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2006-08-11
  • Pages : 771
  • ISBN : 3540373365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Natural Language Processing, FinTAL 2006, held in Turku, Finland in August 2006. The book presents 72 revised full papers together with 1 invited talk and the extended abstracts of 2 invited keynote addresses. The papers address all current issues in computational linguistics and monolingual and multilingual intelligent language processing - theory, methods and applications.

Language, Cognition, and Computational Models

Language, Cognition, and Computational Models
A Book

by Thierry Poibeau,Aline Villavicencio

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-01-25
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 110850678X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How do infants learn a language? Why and how do languages evolve? How do we understand a sentence? This book explores these questions using recent computational models that shed new light on issues related to language and cognition. The chapters in this collection propose original analyses of specific problems and develop computational models that have been tested and evaluated on real data. Featuring contributions from a diverse group of experts, this interdisciplinary book bridges the gap between natural language processing and cognitive sciences. It is divided into three sections, focusing respectively on models of neural and cognitive processing, data driven methods, and social issues in language evolution. This book will be useful to any researcher and advanced student interested in the analysis of the links between the brain and the language faculty.

Analyzing Discourse and Text Complexity for Learning and Collaborating

Analyzing Discourse and Text Complexity for Learning and Collaborating
A Cognitive Approach Based on Natural Language Processing

by Mihai Dascălu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-11-26
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 3319034197
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the advent and increasing popularity of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and e-learning technologies, the need of automatic assessment and of teacher/tutor support for the two tightly intertwined activities of comprehension of reading materials and of collaboration among peers has grown significantly. In this context, a polyphonic model of discourse derived from Bakhtin’s work as a paradigm is used for analyzing both general texts and CSCL conversations in a unique framework focused on different facets of textual cohesion. As specificity of our analysis, the individual learning perspective is focused on the identification of reading strategies and on providing a multi-dimensional textual complexity model, whereas the collaborative learning dimension is centered on the evaluation of participants’ involvement, as well as on collaboration assessment. Our approach based on advanced Natural Language Processing techniques provides a qualitative estimation of the learning process and enhances understanding as a “mediator of learning” by providing automated feedback to both learners and teachers or tutors. The main benefits are its flexibility, extensibility and nevertheless specificity for covering multiple stages, starting from reading classroom materials, to discussing on specific topics in a collaborative manner and finishing the feedback loop by verbalizing metacognitive thoughts.

Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence

Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence
Proceedings of the Tenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, University of Washington, Seattle, July 29-31, 1994

by MKP

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-06-28
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 1483298604
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Uncertainty Proceedings 1994

Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing V

Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing V
Selected papers from RANLP 2007

by Nicolas Nicolov,Galia Angelova,Ruslan Mitkov

  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release : 2009-10-22
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9027290911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume brings together revised versions of a selection of papers presented at the Sixth International Conference on “Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing” (RANLP) held in Borovets, Bulgaria, 27–29 September 2007. These papers cover a wide variety of Natural Language Processing (NLP) topics: ontologies, named entity extraction, translation and transliteration, morphology (derivational and inflectional), part-of-speech tagging, parsing (incremental processing, dependency parsing), semantic role labeling, word sense disambiguation, temporal representations, inference and metaphor, semantic similarity, coreference resolution, clustering (topic modeling, topic tracking), summarization, cross-lingual retrieval, lexical and syntactic resources, multi-modal processing. The aim of this volume is to present new results in NLP based on modern theories and methodologies, making it of interest to researchers in NLP and, more specifically, to those who work in Computational Linguistics, Corpus Linguistics, and Machine Translation.

Cognitive Engineering for Next Generation Computing

Cognitive Engineering for Next Generation Computing
A Practical Analytical Approach

by Kolla Bhanu Prakash,G. R. Kanagachidambaresan,V. Srikanth,E. Vamsidhar

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1119711282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The cognitive approach to the IoT provides connectivity to everyone and everything since IoT connected devices are known to increase rapidly. When the IoT is integrated with cognitive technology, performance is improved, and smart intelligence is obtained. Discussed in this book are different types of datasets with structured content based on cognitive systems. The IoT gathers the information from the real time datasets through the internet, where the IoT network connects with multiple devices. This book mainly concentrates on providing the best solutions to existing real-time issues in the cognitive domain. Healthcare-based, cloud-based and smart transportation-based applications in the cognitive domain are addressed. The data integrity and security aspects of the cognitive computing main are also thoroughly discussed along with validated results.

Internet of Things in Biomedical Engineering

Internet of Things in Biomedical Engineering
A Book

by Valentina E. Balas,Le Hoang Son,Sudan Jha,Manju Khari,Raghvendra Kumar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-14
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 0128173572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Internet of Things in Biomedical Engineering presents the most current research in Internet of Things (IoT) applications for clinical patient monitoring and treatment. The book takes a systems-level approach for both human-factors and the technical aspects of networking, databases and privacy. Sections delve into the latest advances and cutting-edge technologies, starting with an overview of the Internet of Things and biomedical engineering, as well as a focus on ‘daily life.’ Contributors from various experts then discuss ‘computer assisted anthropology,’ CLOUDFALL, and image guided surgery, as well as bio-informatics and data mining. This comprehensive coverage of the industry and technology is a perfect resource for students and researchers interested in the topic. Presents recent advances in IoT for biomedical engineering, covering biometrics, bioinformatics, artificial intelligence, computer vision and various network applications Discusses big data and data mining in healthcare and other IoT based biomedical data analysis Includes discussions on a variety of IoT applications and medical information systems Includes case studies and applications, as well as examples on how to automate data analysis with Perl R in IoT

The Handbook of Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing

The Handbook of Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing
A Book

by Alexander Clark,Chris Fox,Shalom Lappin

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-10-04
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 1118347188
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive reference work provides an overview of the concepts, methodologies, and applications in computational linguistics and natural language processing (NLP). Features contributions by the top researchers in the field, reflecting the work that is driving the discipline forward Includes an introduction to the major theoretical issues in these fields, as well as the central engineering applications that the work has produced Presents the major developments in an accessible way, explaining the close connection between scientific understanding of the computational properties of natural language and the creation of effective language technologies Serves as an invaluable state-of-the-art reference source for computational linguists and software engineers developing NLP applications in industrial research and development labs of software companies

Ontology and the Lexicon

Ontology and the Lexicon
A Natural Language Processing Perspective

by Chu-ren Huang

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2010-04-01
  • Pages : 339
  • ISBN : 0521886597
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An edited collection focusing on the technology involved in enabling integration between lexical resources and semantic technologies.

Toward a Cognitive Theory of Narrative Acts

Toward a Cognitive Theory of Narrative Acts
A Book

by Frederick Luis Aldama

  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Release : 2010-05-10
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0292784325
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Toward a Cognitive Theory of Narrative Acts brings together in one volume cutting-edge research that turns to recent findings in cognitive and neurobiological sciences, psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and evolutionary biology, among other disciplines, to explore and understand more deeply various cultural phenomena, including art, music, literature, and film. The essays fulfilling this task for the general reader as well as the specialist are written by renowned authors H. Porter Abbott, Patrick Colm Hogan, Suzanne Keen, Herbert Lindenberger, Lisa Zunshine, Katja Mellman, Lalita Pandit Hogan, Klarina Priborkin, Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach, Ellen Spolsky, and Richard Walsh. Among the works analyzed are plays by Samuel Beckett, novels by Maxine Hong Kingston, music compositions by Igor Stravinsky, art by Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin, and films by Michael Haneke. Each of the essays shows in a systematic, clear, and precise way how music, art, literature, and film work in and of themselves and also how they are interconnected. Finally, while each of the essays is unique in style and methodological approach, together they show the way toward a unified knowledge of artistic creativity.