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Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy

Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy
Network Principles for a Unified Theory

by Warren Tryon

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-03-22
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN : 0124200982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychotherapy provides a bionetwork theory unifying empirical evidence in cognitive neuroscience and psychopathology to explain how emotion, learning, and reinforcement affect personality and its extremes. The book uses the theory to explain research results in both disciplines and to predict future findings, as well as to suggest what the theory and evidence say about how we should be treating disorders for maximum effectiveness. While theoretical in nature, the book has practical applications, and takes a mathematical approach to proving its own theorems. The book is unapologetically physical in nature, describing everything we think and feel by way of physical mechanisms and reactions in the brain. This unique marrying of cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology provides an opportunity to better understand both. Unifying theory for cognitive neuroscience and clinical psychology Describes the brain in physical terms via mechanistic processes Systematically uses the theory to explain empirical evidence in both disciplines Theory has practical applications for psychotherapy Ancillary material may be found at: http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780124200715 including an additional chapter and supplements

The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain (Second Edition)

The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain (Second Edition)
A Book

by Louis Cozolino

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2010-06-21
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9780393706574
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How the brain's architecture is related to the problems, passions, and aspirations of human beings. In contrast to this view, recent theoretical advances in brain imaging have revealed that the brain is an organ continually built and re-built by one's experience. We are now beginning to learn that many forms of psychotherapy, developed in the absence of any scientific understanding of the brain, are supported by neuroscientific findings. In fact, it could be argued that to be an effective psychotherapist these days it is essential to have some basic understanding of neuroscience. Louis Cozolino's The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy, Second Edition is the perfect place to start. In a beautifully written and accessible synthesis, Cozolino illustrates how the brain's architecture is related to the problems, passions, and aspirations of human beings. As the book so elegantly argues, all forms of psychotherapy--from psychoanalysis to behavioral interventions--are successful to the extent to which they enhance change in relevant neural circuits. Beginning with an overview of the intersecting fields of neuroscience and psychotherapy, this book delves into the brain's inner workings, from basic neuronal building blocks to complex systems of memory, language, and the organization of experience. It continues by explaining the development and organization of the healthy brain and the unhealthy brain. Common problems such as anxiety, trauma, and codependency are discussed from a scientific and clinical perspective. Throughout the book, the science behind the brain's working is applied to day-to-day experience and clinical practice. Written for psychotherapists and others interested in the relationship between brain and behavior, this book encourages us to consider the brain when attempting to understand human development, mental illness, and psychological health. Fully and thoroughly updated with the many neuroscientific developments that have happened in the eight years since the publication of the first edition, this revision to the bestselling book belongs on the shelf of all practitioners.

Psychotherapy Meets Emotional Neuroscience

Psychotherapy Meets Emotional Neuroscience
The Two Minds of Cognition and Feeling

by Gilbert Pugh

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-07-29
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 1000145115
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychotherapy Meets Emotional Neuroscience: The Two Minds of Cognition and Feeling introduces new insights from the neurosciences into the nature of our emotions and feelings, and argues for a more empathetic approach to psychotherapy as a result. Respectful of Freud the neurologist and explorer of the mind, the book seeks to contextualise psychoanalytic theory with recent discoveries in how emotions are generated in the brain, as well as those around memory, to clarify key psychological processes such as projection and transference. It includes sketches of a number of influential analysts whose emphasis has been on a close, affective relationship with their patients—including Ferenczi, Kohut and Winnicott—and explains why, in the light of recent research, empathy is necessary for any effective psychotherapeutic relationship. There are also chapters on the use of drugs to complement psychotherapy, and how the free energy principle can explain brain functioning. In an era when neuroscientific research has provided far-reaching discoveries into how our brains work, this clear-sighted, accessible overview will offer psychotherapists and psychoanalysts, whether practicing or training, or indeed non-professionals seeking therapy for personal reasons, a way of incorporating new knowledge into their understanding of their patients and themselves.

Cognitive Psychodynamics as an Integrative Framework in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Cognitive Psychodynamics as an Integrative Framework in Counselling Psychology and Psychotherapy
A Book

by Tony Ward,Arnaud Plagnol

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-08-24
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 3030258238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book proposes a novel method of combining the current approaches to counselling and psychotherapy into one coherent framework. The authors argue that the cognitive behavioural tradition (largely focused on thought patterns) and the psychodynamic approach (centred on the client’s experience and relationships), can be successfully integrated with insights from cognitive neuroscience, to form a fruitful synthesis. In doing so they provide a perspective that will enable practitioners to more fully appreciate each client’s unique inner world, based on their individual history and environment. The authors point towards the brain’s innate ability to understand and learn from experience so as to direct the growth of that inner world. This book elaborates a method of tapping into this innate growth potential, so as to help clients move forward when they have become trapped in non-productive patterns or mental stalemates. It will provide fresh insights and a valuable resource for counselling psychologists, counsellors and psychotherapists, as well as for academics and students in these fields.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Consolidation

Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Consolidation
A Book

by Nikolai Axmacher,Björn Rasch

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-02-09
  • Pages : 417
  • ISBN : 3319450662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume provides an overview the state-of-the-art in the field of cognitive neuroscience of memory consolidation. In a number of sections, the editors collect contributions of leading researchers . The topical focus lies on current issues of interest such as memory consolidation including working and long-term memory. In particular, the role of sleep in relation to memory consolidation will be addressed. The target audience primarily comprises research experts in the field of cognitive neuroscience but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience

Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience
From Unconscious Fantasies to Neural Algorithms

by Vesa Talvitie

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-05-08
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 0429914032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of Freudian Unconscious and Cognitive Neuroscience is to create a conception of the Freudian things around the unconscious that takes seriously both the clinical data gathered in the scope of psychoanalytic clinical practice during the past 110 years, and the empirical and theoretical achievements of cognitive science and evolutionary theory. Tensions between the psychoanalytic and other views give a hint that the task is anything but easy.

Getting ready to act

Getting ready to act
Neurocognitive aspects of action preparation

by Rinaldo Livio Perri

  • Publisher : Sapienza Università Editrice
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 8893771381
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The topic of proactivity of brain functions has become of growing interest in the cognitive neuroscience. Brain activity is no longer described solely in a reactive way, but also as preparatory and predictive of future events. This volume focuses especially on the neurocognitive activities associated with anticipatory processes of perceptual decision-making. What does the brain do to prevent mistakes? Is it possible to prevent speed and accuracy of a decision even before it is made? Why do some people perform better or worse than others? The volume answers these and other questions through the description of some original research. In particular, electroencephalographic investigations are illustrated which allowed to define a first version of the model known as “preparation-perception-action cycle”. Present findings reveal theoretical and practical implications which constitute a useful reference for researchers and scholars interested in discovering the aware and unaware ways in which our brain anticipates the future.

The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain (Third Edition)

The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain (Third Edition)
A Book

by Louis Cozolino

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2017-05-16
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 0393712656
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An update to the classic text that links neuroscience and human behavior in the context of therapy. This groundbreaking book explores the recent revolution in psychotherapy that has brought an understanding of the social nature of people’s brains to a therapeutic context. Louis Cozolino is a master at synthesizing neuroscientific information and demonstrating how it applies to psychotherapy practice. New material on altruism, executive function, trauma, and change round out this essential book.

Psychotherapy and the Embodiment of the Neuronal Identity

Psychotherapy and the Embodiment of the Neuronal Identity
A Hermeneutic Study of Louis Cozolino's (2010) The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain

by Ari Natinsky

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, there have been several ways in which researchers have attempted to integrate psychotherapy and neuroscience research. Neuroscience has been proposed as a method of addressing lingering questions about how best to integrate psychotherapy theories and explain their efficacy. For example, some psychotherapy outcome studies have included neuroimaging of participants in order to propose neurobiological bases of effective psychological interventions (e.g., Paquette et al., 2003). Other theorists have used cognitive neuroscience research to suggest neurobiologcal correlates of various psychotherapy theories and concepts (e.g., Schore, 2012). These efforts seem to embody broader historical trends, including the hope that neuroscience can resolve philosophical questions about the relationship between mind and body, as well as the popular appeal of contemporary brain research. In this hermeneutic dissertation I examined a popular neuopsychotherapy text in order to explore the historical fit between neuroscience and psychotherapy. The study identifies the possible understandings of the self (i.e., what it means to be human) that could arise from Western therapy discourses that are based on neuroscientific interpretations of psychotherapy theories. The methodology of this dissertation consisted of a critical textual analysis of Louis Cozolino's (2010) The Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social Brain. The primary content, rhetorical strategies, and recurring themes in Cozolino's book were outlined and interpreted from a hermeneutic perspective. This included a historical critique of Cozolino's claims about the origins, purpose, and efficacy of psychotherapy, his assertions about the relationship between self and brain, and examples of his psychotherapy case vignettes. Rhetorical strategies in his writing included analogy, ambiguity, speculative language, and figures of speech such as metaphor and personification. A discussion of these findings addressed the implications of Cozolino's efforts with regards to patient care, psychotherapy theory integration, and the possible effects that these efforts may have on the profession of psychology.

Affective Neuroscience in Psychotherapy

Affective Neuroscience in Psychotherapy
A Clinician's Guide for Working with Emotions

by Francis L. Stevens

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-09-28
  • Pages : 185
  • ISBN : 1000460045
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most psychological disorders involve distressful emotions, yet emotions are often regarded as secondary in the etiology and treatment of psychopathology. This book offers an alternative model of psychotherapy, using the patient’s emotions as the focal point of treatment. This unique text approaches emotions as the primary source of intervention, where emotions are appreciated, experienced, and learned from as opposed to being regulated solely. Based on the latest developments in affective neuroscience, Dr. Stevens applies science-based interventions with a sequential approach for helping patients with psychological disorders. Chapters focus on how to use emotional awareness, emotional validation, self-compassion, and affect reconsolidation in therapeutic practice. Interventions for specific emotions such as anger, abandonment, jealousy, and desire are also addressed. This book is essential reading for clinicians practicing psychotherapy, social workers and licensed mental health counselors, as well as anyoe interested in the emotional science behind the brain.

How the Brain Talks to Itself

How the Brain Talks to Itself
A Clinical Primer of Psychotherapeutic Neuroscience

by Jay E Harris

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-12-20
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 1317760786
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How the Brain Talks to Itself synthesizes discoveries in cognitive neuroscience with a psychoanalytic understanding of human dynamics and a working model for clinical diagnosis. In studying how the brain talks to itself to solve survival problems, this text looks at two sets of situations. In the first, neural possibilities mesh adaptively. In the second, dysfunction clouds the picture--something has gone wrong with the brain, in the life, or in a combination that ends in clinical syndromes. Unlike other books in this area that have narrow focuses, How the Brain Talks to Itself gives you an extensive and thorough exploration of the human condition by examining the effect that impairment of the left hemisphere has on goals and ambitions, problemsolving, the formation of syndromes, the use of transitional object transference in stabilizing patient identity, and how the brain registers, organizes, assesses, reflects, and acts on data. You'll find this information gives you a comprehensive framework for diagnosing and treating your patients. Chapters will further enhance your knowledge and help you improve your skills by: amplifying what we can learn from the conventional mental status exam prioritizing and targeting therapeutic interventions providing a framework for fitting advances in psychopharmacology into psychotherapy reconciling disparate forms of psychotherapy in the context of a neural-systems informed “structural therapy” How the Brain Talks to Itself combines vast domains of data so that higher cortical functions consistently relate to their corresponding identity functions. You'll explore the mechanisms that link synaptic potentiation to the emotionally and cognitively organized memories that sustain development. These mechanisms process the cognitive, social, and emotional data that are needed for problemsolving. You'll also see how the ways in which synaptic potentiations are comprised by definable varieties of stress that lead to the spectrum of DSM-IV syndromes. Author Jay E. Harris, MD, derives functional and structural principles from all of the disciplines--psychoanalytic psychology, cognitive neuroscience, clinical psychiatry, neurology, and linguistics--relevant to the brain's development, information processing, problemsolving, and syndrome formation. He includes case histories, clinical vignettes, and diagnostic examples of mental status dialogues with patients to help you in your understanding of this complex topic. You'll find that How the Brain Talks to Itself answers many questions you have about the brain's role in identity formation and resultant clinical sydromes.

Neuropsychotherapy

Neuropsychotherapy
How the Neurosciences Inform Effective Psychotherapy

by Klaus Grawe

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-09-25
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 1351556509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuropsychotherapy is intended to inspire further development and continual empirical updating of consistency theory. It is essential for psychotherapists, psychotherapy researchers, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, and mental-health professionals. Profoundly important and innovative, this volume provides necessary know-how for professionals as it connects the findings of modern neuroscience to the insights of psychotherapy. Throughout the book, a new picture unfolds of the empirical grounds of effective psychotherapeutic work. Author Klaus Grawe articulates a comprehensive model of psychological functioning-consistency theory-and bridges the gap between the neurosciences and the understanding of psychological disorders and their treatment. Neuropsychotherapy illustrates that psychotherapy can be even more effective when it is grounded in a neuroscientific approach. Cutting across disciplines that are characteristically disparate, the book identifies the neural foundations of various disorders, suggests specific psychotherapeutic conclusions, and makes neuroscientific knowledge more accessible to psychotherapists. The book's discussion of consistency theory reveals the model is firmly connected to other psychological theoretical approaches, from control theory to cognitive-behavioral models to basic need theories.

Self-Regulation in Adolescence

Self-Regulation in Adolescence
A Book

by Gabriele Oettingen,Peter M. Gollwitzer

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-10-31
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1107036003
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This interdisciplinary volume examines the challenges adolescents face and the self-regulation tools that most effectively ease the transition to adulthood.

The Unconscious

The Unconscious
A bridge between psychoanalysis and cognitive neuroscience

by Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber,Simon Arnold,Mark Solms

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2016-10-04
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 1317416813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Unconscious explores the critical interdisciplinary dialogue between psychoanalysis and contemporary cognitive neuroscience. Characterised by Freud as ‘the science of the unconscious mind’, psychoanalysis has traditionally been viewed as a solely psychological discipline. However recent developments in neuroscience, such as the use of neuroimaging techniques to investigate the working brain, have stimulated and intensified the dialogue between psychoanalysis and these related mental sciences. This book explores the relevance of these discussions for our understanding of unconscious mental processes. Chapters present clinical case studies of unconscious dynamics, alongside theoretical and scientific papers in key areas of current debate and development. These include discussions of the differences between conceptualisations of ‘the unconscious’ in psychoanalysis and cognitive science, whether the core concepts of psychoanalysis are still plausible in light of recent findings, and how such understandings of the unconscious are still relevant to treating patients in psychotherapy today. These questions are explored by leading interdisciplinary researchers as well as practising psychoanalysts and psychotherapists. This book aims to bridge the gap between psychoanalysis and cognitive neuroscience, to enable a better understanding of researchers’ and clinicians’ engagements with the key topic of the unconscious. It will be of key interest to researchers, academics and postgraduate students in the fields of psychoanalysis, cognitive science, neuroscience and traumatology. It will also appeal to practising psychoanalysts, psychotherapists and clinicians.

The Neuropsychology of the Unconscious: Integrating Brain and Mind in Psychotherapy (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology)

The Neuropsychology of the Unconscious: Integrating Brain and Mind in Psychotherapy (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology)
A Book

by Efrat Ginot

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2015-06-08
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0393710882
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A scientific take on the still-central therapeutic concept of “the unconscious.” More than one hundred years after Freud began publishing some of his seminal theories, the concept of the unconscious still occupies a central position in many theoretical frameworks and clinical approaches. When trying to understand clients’ internal and interpersonal struggles it is almost inconceivable not to look for unconscious motivation, conflicts, and relational patterns. Clinicians also consider it a breakthrough to recognize how our own unconscious patterns have interacted with those of our clients. Although clinicians use concepts such as the unconscious and dissociation, in actuality many do not take into account the newly emerging neuropsychological attributes of nonconscious processes. As a result, assumptions and lack of clarity overtake information that can become central in our clinical work. This revolutionary book presents a new model of the unconscious, one that is continuing to emerge from the integration of neuropsychological research with clinical experience. Drawing from clinical observations of specific therapeutic cases, affect theory, research into cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychological findings, the book presents an expanded picture of nonconscious processes. The model moves from a focus on dissociated affects, behaviors, memories, and the fantasies that are unconsciously created, to viewing unconscious as giving expression to whole patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving, patterns that are so integrated and entrenched as to make them our personality traits. Topics covered include: the centrality of subcortical regions, automaticity, repetition, and biased memory systems; role of the amygdala and its sensitivity to fears in shaping and coloring unconscious self-systems; self-narratives; therapeutic enactments; therapeutic resistance; defensive systems and narcissism; therapeutic approaches designed to utilize some of the new understandings regarding unconscious processes and their interaction with higher level conscious ones embedded in the prefrontal cortex.

Reading Minds

Reading Minds
A Guide to the Cognitive Neuroscience Revolution

by Michael Moskowitz

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-03-26
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0429918402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reading Minds is a practical guide to the cognitive science revolution. With fascinating descriptions of studies of the mind, from the brain scans of lovers and liars in London to the eye movements of babies in Budapest, this book takes the reader into the laboratories of the most innovative psychological researchers around the world. Using anecdotes from everyday life and his clinical practice, renowned psychotherapist and academic the author shows how to use the insights of science to better understand and relate to others.

Schizophrenia and Common Sense

Schizophrenia and Common Sense
Explaining the Relation Between Madness and Social Values

by Inês Hipólito,Jorge Gonçalves,João G. Pereira

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-02-26
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 331973993X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the relationship between schizophrenia and common sense. It approaches this theme from a multidisciplinary perspective. Coverage features contributions from phenomenology, cognitive neuroscience, philosophy of mind, psychology, and social cognition. The contributors address the following questions: How relevant is the loss of common sense in schizophrenia? How can the study of schizophrenia contribute to the study of common sense? How to understand and explain this loss of common sense? They also consider: What is the relationship of practical reasoning and logical formal reasoning with schizophrenia? What is the relationship between the person with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and social values? Chapters examine such issues as rationality, emotions, self, and delusion. In addition, one looks at brain structure and neurotransmission. Others explore phenomenological and Wittgensteinian theories. The book features papers from the Schizophrenia and Common Sense International Workshop, held at New University of Lisbon, November 2015. It offers new insights into this topic and will appeal to researchers, students, as well as interested general readers.

Neuroscience, Psychotherapy and Clinical Pragmatism

Neuroscience, Psychotherapy and Clinical Pragmatism
Reflective Practice and Therapeutic Action

by William Borden

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-03-01
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 1317577957
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores how the principles and values of pragmatic philosophy serve as orienting perspectives for critical thinking in contemporary psychotherapy and clinical practice. Drawing on the contributions of William James and John Dewey, Neuroscience, Psychotherapy, and Clinical Pragmatism introduces a model of clinical pragmatism emphasizing the individuality of the person, open-ended dialogue, experiential learning, and the practical outcomes of ideas and methods. In a second part, chapters show how recent developments in neuroscience and interpersonal neurobiology deepen our understanding of change and growth in accord with the principles of clinical pragmatism. Finally, the volume reviews paradigms of psychotherapy across the psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic traditions. Case studies show how the pluralist orientation of clinical pragmatism enlarges concepts of therapeutic action. This text has been written for psychotherapists as well as scholars, educators, and trainees in the fields of psychiatry, clinical psychology, counseling, and social work.

Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental and Social Psychology

Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Developmental and Social Psychology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-02-01
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 1119170060
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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IV. Developmental & Social Psychology: Simona Ghetti (Volume Editor) (Topics covered include development of visual attention; self-evaluation; moral development; emotion-cognition interactions; person perception; memory; implicit social cognition; motivation group processes; development of scientific thinking; language acquisition; development of mathematical reasoning; emotion regulation; emotional development; development of theory of mind; category and conceptual development; attitudes; executive function.)

Intersubjectivity in Psychoanalysis

Intersubjectivity in Psychoanalysis
A Model for Theory and Practice

by Lewis Kirshner

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-05-12
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 1317383508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, Lewis Kirshner explains and illustrates the concept of intersubjectivity and its application to psychoanalysis. By drawing on findings from neuroscience, infant research, cognitive psychology, Lacanian theory, and philosophy, Kirshner argues that the analytic relationship is best understood as a dialogic exchange of signs between two subjects—a semiotic process. Both subjects bring to the interaction a history and a set of unconscious desires, which inflect their responses. In order to work most effectively with patients, analysts must attend closely to the actual content of the exchange, rather than focusing on imagined contents of the patient's mind. The current situation revives a history that is shaped by the analyst's participation. Supported by numerous case studies, Intersubjectivity in Psychoanalysis: A Model for Theory and Practice is a valuable resource for psychotherapists and analysts seeking to refine their clinical goals and methods.