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Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control
A Book

by Qing Chang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-05-11
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 0128093196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control provides basic but essential knowledge of colloid and interface science for water and wastewater treatment. Divided into two sections, chapters 1 to 8 presents colloid chemistry including simple history and basic concepts, diffusion and Brown Motion, sedimentation, osmotic pressure, optical properties, rheology properties, electric properties, emulsion, foam and gel, and so on; chapters 9 to provides interface chemistry theories including the surface of liquid, the surface of solution, and the surface of solid. This valuable book is the only one that presents colloid and interface chemistry from the water quality control perspective. This book was written for graduate students in the area of water treatment and environmental engineering, and it could be used as the reference for researchers and engineers in the same area. Concise content makes this suitable for both teaching and learning Focuses on water treatment technology and methods, links colloid and surface chemistry to water treatment applications Not only addresses all the important physical-chemistry principles and theories, but also presents new developed knowledge on water treatment Includes exercises, problems and solutions, which are very helpful for testing learning and understanding

Handbook of Advanced Approaches Towards Pollution Prevention and Control

Handbook of Advanced Approaches Towards Pollution Prevention and Control
Volume 1: Conventional and Innovative Technology, and Assessment Techniques for Pollution Prevention and Control

by Rehab O Abdel Rahman,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-01-29
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 0128221593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Advanced Approaches towards Pollution Prevention and Control, Volume One: Conventional and Innovative Technology, and Assessment Techniques for Pollution Prevention and Control condenses all relevant information on pollution prevention and control in a single source. This handbook (Volume One of Two) covers the principles of pollution prevention and control technologies, recent advances in pollution prevention, control technologies and their sustainability, modernization in pollution prevention, and control technologies for future and next generation pollution prevention. This book is an indispensable resource for researchers and academic staff in chemical and process engineering, safety engineering, environmental engineering, biotechnology and materials engineering. Provides in-depth information on the principles and advances in pollution prevention and control practices Discusses emerging technologies and processes for advanced pollution prevention and control Presents developments on the use of the assessment models as tools to support the research and applications of different technologies and processes Provides history, fundamentals, state-of-the-art, and future trends Edited by expert team of world-class editors

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment
Theory and Applications

by Gayle Newcombe,David Dixon

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2006-09-06
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9780080530512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is difficult to imagine anything more important to the human population than safe drinking water. Lack of clean drinking water is still the major cause of illness and death in young children in developing countries. In more fortunate communities, where water treatment is practiced, the primary aim of water authorities is to provide water that is free from pathogens and toxins. Most countries now have water quality regulations, or guidelines, which are driving water authorities to produce purer water, with the minimum of contamination from natural or man-made origin. At the same time, consumers are demanding that chemicals added during the treatment of drinking water be kept to a minimum. As a consequence, conventional clarification methods are being challenged to comply with the new regulations and restrictions and our understanding of the mechanisms involved is being tested as never before. Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment contains a rigorous review of water treatment practices from a fundamental viewpoint. The book includes material from leading experts in the field of water treatment, reviewing their specific fields of expertise against a background of colloid and surface chemistry, and examines each step of the journey from source to consumer tap. It therefore permits the reader to develop a deep understanding of the complex processes taking place and of the necessary treatments which are vital for the provision of safe and palatable drinking water. The book is aimed at researchers, educators and practitioners in science and engineering, particularly those involved in water treatment and colloidal chemistry. · Covers all existing water treatment processes, approached from a fundamental surface and colloid science viewpoint · Unique collection of R&D authors, all experts in water treatment processes · Comprehensive review of water treatment with a complete list of references

Chemistry of Water Treatment

Chemistry of Water Treatment
A Book

by Samuel D. Faust,Osman M. Aly

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-05-04
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1351461117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This second edition demonstrates how chemistry influences the design of water treatment plants and how it should influence the design. Historically, water treatment plants have been designed from hydraulic considerations with little regard to chemical aspects. The many chemical reactions used for removal of pollutants from water simply cannot be forced to occur within current designs. This book re-examines this traditional approach in light of today's water quality and treatment. Will current water treatment processes be sufficient to meet future demands or will new processes have to be devised? Chemistry of Water Treatment assesses the chemical and physical efficacies of current processes to meet the demands of the Safe Drinking water Act, providing expert information to persons responsible for the production of potable water into the next century.

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology
A Book

by Peter Kralchevsky,Reinhard Miller,Francesca Ravera

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-07-23
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1466569050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Colloid and interface science dealt with nanoscale objects for nearly a century before the term nanotechnology was coined. An interdisciplinary field, it bridges the macroscopic world and the small world of atoms and molecules. Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology is a collection of manuscripts reflecting the activities of research teams that have been involved in the networking project Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Nanotechnology (2006–2011), Action D43, the European Science Foundation. The project was a part of the intergovernmental framework for Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), allowing the coordination of nationally funded research across Europe. With contributions by leading experts, this book covers a wide range of topics. Chapters are grouped into three sections: "Nanoparticle Synthesis and Characterization," "New Experimental Tools and Interpretation," and "Nanocolloidal Dispersions and Interfaces." The topics covered belong to six basic research areas: (1) The synthesis of nanostructured materials of well-defined size and function; (2) Analytical methods and tools for control and characterization of synthesized nanomaterials; (3) Self-assembly of nanomaterials, such as microemulsions and micelles, and their applications; (4) Bioinspired nanostructured materials—structure, properties, and applications; (5) Design of active, soft functional interfaces with unique properties for sensors, catalysts, and biomedical assays; and (6) Nanoscale elements in soft nanoscale devices for applications in analytical and biomedical sciences. This book describes highlights in nanotechnology based on state-of-the-art principles in colloid and interface science, demonstrating how great progress in the various branches of nanotechnology can be achieved. The application of these principles allows for the development of new experimental and theoretical tools.

Toxicology Research Projects Directory

Toxicology Research Projects Directory
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Chemistry and Recent Pollution Control Approaches

Environmental Chemistry and Recent Pollution Control Approaches
A Book

by Hugo Saldarriaga-Noreña,Mario Alfonso Murillo-Tovar,Robina Farooq,Rajendra Dongre,Sara Riaz

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-12-18
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1839680628
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, there have been significant advances in the techniques of sampling and analysis, which has allowed the more accurate recording of environmental levels of many substances present in the environment. At the same time, processes for the remediation of contaminated matrices have evolved, through the application and/or combination of biological, physical, and chemical procedures.The purpose of this book is to present new studies aimed at determining levels of environmental pollution in various parts of the world. It also shows new alternatives for the remediation of contaminated matrices.

Air, Gas, and Water Pollution Control Using Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Adsorbents

Air, Gas, and Water Pollution Control Using Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Adsorbents
A Book

by Tushar Kanti Sen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-10-20
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1138196851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Air and water pollution occurs when toxic pollutants of varying kinds (organic, inorganic, radioactive and so on) are directly or indirectly discharged into the environment without adequate treatment to remove these potential pollutants. There are a total of 13 book chapters in three sections contributed by significant number of expert authors around the world, aiming to provide scientific knowledge and up-to-date development of various solid wastes based cost-effective adsorbent materials and its sustainable application in the removal of contaminates/pollutants from air, gas and water. This book is useful for the professions, practicing engineers, scientists, researchers, academics and undergraduate and post-graduate students’ interest on this specific area. Key Features: • Exclusive compilation of information on use of industrial and agricultural waste based adsorbents for air and water pollution abatement. • Explores utilization of industrial solid wastes in adsorptive purification and agricultural and agricultural by-products in separation and purification. • Discusses cost-effective solid wastes based emerging adsorbents. • Alternative adsorbents in the removal of a wide range of contaminants and pollutants from water is proposed. • Includes performance of unit operations in waste effluents treatment.

Unit Operations Handbook

Unit Operations Handbook
Volume 2 (In Two Volumes)

by John J. McKetta Jr

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1992-09-24
  • Pages : 742
  • ISBN : 9780824786700
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emphasizes the design, control, and functioning of various unit operations - offering shortcut methods of calculation along with computer and nomographic solution techniques. Provides practical sections on conversion to and from SI units and cost indexes for quick updating of all cost information.;This book should be of interest to mechanical, chemical, process design, project, and materials engineers and continuing-education courses in these disciplines.

Fertilizer Abstracts

Fertilizer Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surfactants in Chemical/Process Engineering

Surfactants in Chemical/Process Engineering
A Book

by Wasan

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 1351412515
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first reference to link chemical engineering technologies and surfactant science in suchbreadth of focus, Surfactants in Chemical/Process Engineering features contributionsby major authorities in chemical engineering whose applications have opened important newfields for surfactant use. These applications include dispersion science, separation processes, oilrecovery, microemulsions, and environmental control.This volume discusses ultrafiltration processes, flotation, metal extractions, and more ...examines surfactants in process streams for such industrial separations as micellar-enhancedultrafiltration, adsorbent regeneration, micellar extractions, and oiVwater demulsification . ..describes methodologies for separations of fatty acids, metals, minerals and impurities,solvents, and hydrocarbons for cost-saving industrial and consumer product manufacture . . .details techniques for developing and optimizing formulations for superior agricultural plantcontrol or enhancement systems, micro- and macroemulsions, and liquid surfactant membranes... and looks closely at emulsion polymers in soil stabilizations, protective coatings, sealants,adhesives, textile processing, paper finishing, specialty concretes, and tire manufacture.

National Air Pollution Control Administration Publication

National Air Pollution Control Administration Publication
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 196?
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food Process Engineering and Quality Assurance

Food Process Engineering and Quality Assurance
A Book

by C.O. Mohan,Elizabeth Carvajal-Millan,C.N. Ravishankar,A. K. Haghi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-02-28
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 1351869639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new book, Food Process Engineering and Quality Assurance, provides an abundance of valuable new research and studies in novel technologies used in food processing and quality assurance issues of food. The 750-page book gives a detailed technical and scientific background of various food processing technologies that are relevant to the industry. The food process related application of engineering technology involves interdisciplinary teamwork, which, in addition to the expertise of interdisciplinary engineers, draws on that of food technologists, microbiologists, chemists, mechanical engineers, biochemists, geneticists, and others. The processes and methods described in the book are applicable to many areas of the food industry, including drying, milling, extrusion, refrigeration, heat and mass transfer, membrane-based separation, concentration, centrifugation, fluid flow and blending, powder and bulk-solids mixing, pneumatic conveying, and process modeling, monitoring, and control. Food process engineering know-how can be credited with improving the conversion of raw foodstuffs into safe consumer products of the highest possible quality. This book looks at advanced materials and techniques used for, among other things, chemical and heat sterilization, advanced packaging, and monitoring and control, which are essential to the highly automated facilities for the high-throughput production of safe food products. With contributions from prominent scientists from around the world, this volume provides an abundance of valuable new research and studies on novel technologies used in food processing and quality assurance issues. It gives a detailed technical and scientific background of various food processing technologies that are relevant to the industry. Special emphasis is given to the processing of fish, candelilla, dairy, and bakery products. Rapid detection of pathogens and toxins and application of nanotechnology in ensuring food safety are also emphasized. Key features: • Presents recent research development with applications • Discusses new technology and processes in food process engineering • Provides several chapters on candelilla (which is frequently used as a food additive but can also be used in cosmetics, drugs, etc.), covering its characteristics, common uses, geographical distribution, and more

Fluoride in Drinking Water

Fluoride in Drinking Water
Status, Issues, and Solutions

by A.K. Gupta,S. Ayoob

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-05
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 1498756530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explore the Health Effects of Fluoride Pollution Fluoride in Drinking Water: Status, Issues, and Solutions establishes the negative impacts of naturally occurring fluoride on human health and considers the depth and scope of fluoride pollution on an international scale. The book discusses current global water quality and fluoride-related issues and draws overall awareness to the problems associated with fluoride in drinking water. Utilizing recent scientific studies to examine the current status of fluoride pollution, it provides a fundamental understanding of fluorosis, describes health problems associated with fluorosis, and discusses viable scientific solutions. The book places special emphasis on India, Africa, China, and other countries deeply affected by fluoride pollution. A single, comprehensive source covering health issues related to fluoride and its effect on humans, this book: Compiles information from scientific literature on the state of fluoride pollution Characterizes the human impacts of fluorosis Provides a comparative evaluation of technologies used for defluoridation Gives a comprehensive account of human health effects with appropriate scientific descriptions and photographs Includes detailed descriptions on the geochemistry of fluoride entry into groundwater aquifers Presents a case study that deals with the successful removal of fluoride from drinking water A vital resource for environmental and public health officials as well as academic researchers in the area, Fluoride in Drinking Water: Status, Issues, and Solutions covers human health issues associated with fluoride-rich water and describes relevant techniques for defluoridation that can be used to overcome the stress, issues, and challenges of natural fluoride in drinking water.

Handbook of Surface and Colloid Chemistry

Handbook of Surface and Colloid Chemistry
A Book

by K. S. Birdi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-11-20
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 9781420007206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The third edition of this besteller covers the latest advancements in this rapidly growing field. Focusing on analyses and critical evaluation of the subject, this new edition reviews the most up-to-date research available in the current literature. International contributors offer their perspectives on various topics including micellar systems, mi

Application of Adsorbents for Water Pollution Control

Application of Adsorbents for Water Pollution Control
A Book

by Amit Bhatnagar

  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release : 2012-11-11
  • Pages : 541
  • ISBN : 1608052699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Among various water and wastewater treatment technologies, the adsorption process is considered better because of lower cost, simple design and easy operation. Activated carbon (a universal adsorbent) is generally used for the removal of diverse types of pollutants from water and wastewater. Research is now being directed towards the modification of carbon surfaces to enhance its adsorption potential towards specific pollutants. However, widespread use of commercial activated carbon is sometimes restricted especially in developing or poor countries due to its higher costs. Attempts are therefore being made to develop inexpensive adsorbents utilizing abundant natural materials, agricultural and industrial waste materials. Use of waste materials as low-cost adsorbents is attractive due to their contribution in the reduction of costs for waste disposal, therefore contributing to environmental protection. This e-book explores knowledge on recent developments in adsorbents synthesis and their use in water pollution control. This handy reference work is intended for researchers and scientists actively engaged in the study of adsorption and the development and application of efficient adsorption technology for water treatment. This e-book covers a wide range of topics including modeling aspects of adsorption process and the applications of conventional and non-conventional adsorbents in water remediation emphasizing sorption mechanisms of different pollutants on the adsorbents.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Essential Handbook of Ground-Water Sampling

The Essential Handbook of Ground-Water Sampling
A Book

by David M. Nielsen,Gillian Nielsen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006-11-27
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1420042793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tremendous improvements in ground-water sampling methodologies and analytical technologies have made it possible to collect and analyze truly representative samples to detect increasingly lower levels of contaminants-now in the sub-parts-per-billion range. Though these new methods produce more accurate and precise data and are less expensive, many

Surface Complexation Modeling

Surface Complexation Modeling
Hydrous Ferric Oxide

by David A. Dzombak,François M. M. Morel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1991-01-16
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9780471637318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides a description of the thermodynamic model, data treatment procedures and the thermodynamic constants for hydrous ferric oxide. Includes detailed coverage of the model and the parameter extraction procedure.

Aquatic Ecotoxicology

Aquatic Ecotoxicology
Volume 2: Fundamental Concepts and Methodologies

by Alain Boudou

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-18
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 1351078313
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research into ecotoxicology can be classified into three fundamental concerns: abiotic factors, which characterize the physicochemistry of environments; biotic factors, relating to biological structures and functions; and contamination factors, which define the modes of pollution of ecosystems. The most significant research methodologies currently being developed in aquatic ecotoxicology are presented, specifically experimental approaches in the laboratory